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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 18, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL L HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Loafed wires SOVIET TROOPS GIVE GROUND IN UKRAINE FIGHT Stiff CounterAttacks Adverse Weather Force Russians to Retreat BULLETIN London astride the GomelWarsaw railway about 25 miles ivesl of naziheld Gomel has fallen to the red armys plunge into While Russia the Moscow radio announced Thursday By HENRY C CASSIDF Moscow wilh MASOX CITY IOWA TUURSPAV NOVEMBER IS 1943 began its suc cessful offensive 4 months ago The withdrawal was executed Wednesday in the ZlutomirKor ostyshev sector at the tip of the red armys salient west of Kiev and came on the eve of he 1st an niversary of the launching of the SI Ration Values on All Cuts jof Pork Reduced 2 Points uversary of the launching of Ihe Washington Ration values of all cuts of pork will be tern real soviet counleroffensive at Porarily reduced by 2 points after midnight Thursday as part on NOV 18 1942 of a government program lo prevent jamming of storage pace and o The retreat followed a series of prices of live hogs in heavy nazicounterattacks south east of Zhitomir and in the Fastov sector in which masses of tanks and infantry were used in an at tempt to slice off the bulge in the soviet front A Russian commun ique said the drive cost the Ger mans 1500 casualties and iiO tanks and troop carriers Advices from London syid the Germans were reported to have thrown at least 150000 troops into the Zhitomir counter assault The depth of the withdrawal was not given in the Russian comI including hocks ft municiue which confined itself clear plates pieces to the laconic report that the red army under enemy pressure was abandoning several settlements Moscow military observers however believed the withdrawal not on a large scale but was simply a tactical maneuver de signed to prevent the encircle ment of a comparatively small advance guard They explained that a light mo bile column of tanks and motor ized infantry had led the Russian drive through Korostyshev and Zhitomir and that tile bulk of the red army forces was not able to maintain the pace Boggy ground impeded troop movements and low visibility restricted aerial ac tivity front advices said Gen Nikolai Vatutins 1st Ukrainian army which carried out the retreat has been one of the fastest moving Russian units in the present offensive begun on July 12 in the Belgorod sector While the tip and left flauk of the Kiev salient stisgcd slightly under Ihe heavy enemy nrcssure other red army forces pushed for ward on the right flank toward the strategic rail junction city of Korosten to the north The Russians captured the towns of Narodichi 28 miles northeast of Korosten and Chcrn obil oO miles east of Narodichi near the junction of the Pripet and Dnieper rivers The German garrison in Korosten was thus threatened from the south east and north but fought stubbornly to hold that valuable communica tions and supply center dispatches said Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcllc carrier boy face of heavy seasonal marketing 1rice Administrator Chester Bowles announced that Ihe cut in pork ration values would con tinue for a limited lime only ami emphasized lhal it should not be interpreted to mean a sudden improvement in the overall ra tioned meat picture The cut not only will enable housewives to set aside more red points for butter cheese oils and other types of ment but will give them some pork cuts rationfree at backs and s or slices of bacon ends knuckles and jowls jowl butts or squares All other pork cuts including 100 per cent pork sausage will be 2 points cheaper down the line Bowles said Ihe reduction was made possible by a war food ad ministration order lifting restric tions on delivery of tered pork and declared that the cut also would serve to take the premium off black market oper ations Whenever the amount of meat on the market isgreater than the supply of points in the hands of consumers black market gangs find conditions favorable for ply imr their trade he said By low ering points for pork products OPA brings Ihe supply of ralion purchasing power into better bal ance and spikes Ihe game of Ihcse sangsler profiteers The OPA action coincided with an announcement by WFA Ad ministrator Marvin Jones of a In a step to ease the strain on packers WFA removed limita tions on the sale of pork and lard made from homeslaughtered hogs during the next 90 days Farmers must collect ration points on olf thefarm sales support program assuring hoc producers a price SI a hundred weight below OPA ceilings to pre vent a threatened price collapse and glutting of markets Effective Nov 29 Jones said the support price of good to choice hogs weighing 200 to 270 pounds will be S1375 a hundred pounds at Chicago or SI below the cur rent OPA ceiling of SH75 Prices al other markets will be some what lower but will reflect the customary differential between those markets and Chicago Jones urged farmers not lo shin hogs to market without obtain assurances that they have a ready sale at not less than the support price There is no reason why any farmer should sell for BEIRUT TENSION IS RELAXING Catroux Seeks Solution lo Lebanese Crisis Beirut relaxed in Beirut Thursday as Gen Georges Catroux member of the French committee of national liberation continued his conferences with allied and native leaders in an at tempt to solve the Lebanese crisis Edward I Spears British jess since the government will rival of a cable from the British government educidating his posi tion Spears later conferred with George Wadsworth American minister and said he was keeping him informed of all developments Telephone service was restored and some shops reopened ns the Lebanese adopted a policy of pa tient watching pending ihe out come of Catrouxs peace efforts Christian and Moslem youth groups distributed circulars how ever urging a continuation of the general strike until the French re lease President Bcshara ElKhou ry Premier Riad Sohl and other cabinet members imprisoned for attcmpting to throw off French control France has a league of nations mandate over Lebanon MARIAN ANDERSON WEDS BeffieJ Conn An derson Negro contralto and Orpheus Fisher a draftsman em ployed jn a Danbury factory Bar den were married here July 24 it was disclosed Wednes day night by Town Clerk Leonard NAZIS CLOSING IN ON SERBS Jugoslav Partisans on Adriatic Call for Aid London OIR Six German mechanized columns were re ported converging on trapped par tisan forces along the Adriatic coast of Jugoslavia Thursday and Jugoslav quarters appealed to ihe allies to evacuate as many of the partisans as possible Hinting at the imminent col lapse of partisan resistance on the Dalmatian coast Jugoslav sources said the Germans had launched a powerful armored drive along a front in an effort to wipe out the guerilla bands entrenched there for months The Germans were said to be closing in swiftly from the north south and east sealing off all roads and mountain passes While the partisans were bat tling fiercely against the new of fensive Jugoslav quarters said the nazis had thrown overwhelming strength into the attack mid indi cated the guerillas either would have tao disperse into the moun tains or take to thesea in small boats tered or face a slow death fro privation in the mountain taa Pasha Egyptian chief of staff Turkey Is Steadily Moving Toward War Correspondent Declares By WILLIAM B KING Ankara Turkey Nov 17 De layed is moving to ward war with the axis Turkeys sub rosa assistance lo allied armed forces which close ly approximates tbnt which the United Slates gave Britain in the months before Pearl Harbor is rapidly carrying the nation to ward a war looting Details of the help which al ready is being given naturally cannot be disclosed but this cor respondent is convinced that what was only friendly neutrality a few months ago is rapidly approaching genuine cooperation That this cooperation may grow into Turkish participation in the war on an allout scale is rec ognized by the Turkish govern ment which is making its plans for that eventuality Predict Big 3 to Meet in Neutral Area Tliia Paper Consists o Two Section One WE CAN WILL BE MASTER OF OUR FATEHULL CoOperation With Other Nations intent on Security Stressed Washington of Slate Hull the first cabinet mem ber ever to address congress de clared Thursday before a joint session of both houses that we can and will remain muster of our own fate through coopera tion with other nations likewise intent upon security The decisions made at the Mos cow conference from which lie returned a national hero point the way he said to a world freed of spheres of influence for alliances for balance of power or anv other of the special arrangements through which in the unhappy past the nations strove to safol guard their security or to promote their interesls We of today said lie ivhtlc liaired 72 year old Hull shall be judged in the future by the manner in ivhirli we meet the un precedented responsibilities that rest upon alone in win ning the war hut also in making certain thai he opportunities of future peace and security shall not be lost As an American 1 am proud of the breadth and height of vi sion and statesmanship which have moved you ladies and gentle men in each house of the con gress to adopt by overwhelming nonpartisan majorities resolu tions in favor of our countrys participation wilh other sovereign nations in an effective system oC international cooperation tor the maintenance of peace and se curity He said ihe united nations are on the offensive and hat our enemies arc suffering defeat af ter defeat Bui victory he added will be hastened only as all the united nations continue lo press their advantage without the slightest relaxation or deviation Hull said he went to Moscow by direction of President Roose velt to discuss basic international problems in the light of principles to which tlris country has come widespread adherence ft has never been my fortune to attend an international confer ence at which there was greater rleterminafion on the part of a the participants to move forward in a spirit of mutual understand ing and confidence lie said the confer ence is believed to have been an important step in the direction both of shortening the war and of making provision for the fu ture U is increasingly clear he con tinued that the time is ncarhiE when more and more of the ter ritory held by the enemy will be wrested from his grasp and when Germany and its remaining satcl lilcs will have to KO the wav of fascist Italy The secretary of state said the were con NO 35 Allied Planes Lash Nazis in Norway Germany Greece Nazis Report Air Assault Against Samos in Aegean islands in allied hands the Berlin The broadcast said German bombers and divebombers dropped n nMwy on Samos a Greek island less than ZQ miles north of which capitulated Tuesday London morning newspapers sharply criticized the loss of Leros with the Herald urging a full official explanation SAVS LEROS COST NAZIS MANY CASUALTIES Cairo UR The recapture of Leros island coat Germany at least as many casualties as the total number of allied troops en gaged in the defense of the Do decanese island Gen Sir Henry Mnitland Wilson said Thursday The nazis reported that 8000 allied troops were on Leros On the other hand Wilson re vealed that a substantial propor tion of the British garrison on Leros was lost the number who got out being reduced sharply by the completeexhaustion of the defense forces Wilson described the Leros cam paign as a diversionary operation and said it had paid dividends Speaking at a press conference Wilson said the Leros situation deteriorated suddenly Tuesday afternoon At 4 p m itwas rea sonably promising but an hour later the royal air force command post went off the air presumably indicating it iiad been captured these common interests which he described as indispensable Hull said this fact led the Mos cow conference to adopt the 4 nalion declaration by China Rus sia Great Britain and the TJiiitcd Stales He laid particular stress on the provision wherein the 4 govern ments declared that they recog nized the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organization based ohthe principle of ihe sov ereign equality of all peaceloving states and open to membership by a such slates large and Hull declared this principle will be the foundation stone upon which the future international or ganization will be built Nowhere he said has the con ception of sovereign equality been applied more widely in recent years than in the American family of nations He declared that the 4 nations have thereby laid the foundation for cooperative effort in the post war world toward enabling all peace loving nations large and small to live in peace and secur ity to preserve the liberties and rights of civilized existence and to enjoy expanded opportunities and facilities for economic social and spiritual programs Hull said that military discus sions which took place in Moscow were aimed at closer cooperation I am Elad to say that there is now in Moscow a highly compe tent United Slales military mis sion headed by Maj Gen John R Deanc Hull paid personal tribute lo the efficiency of Foreign Commissar V M Mololov who arranged for Moscow discussions corned with many of the problems which would arise out of such developments Important agreements were reached but there were no secret agreements and none was sug He said the conference concen trated on the task of making sure that the nations winning the war will along with other pcacefullv minded nations to tnc business of the conference form their full part in solving Uic Iruui to Britains Foreign Sccre numerous and vexatious problems Anthony Eden for his quali of the future ties of statesmanship From the outset he said Ibc I found in Marshal Slalin a re dommant thought at the confermarkable personality one of the encc was that after the altiingreat statesmen and leaders of this ment of victory cooperation among peace toviiiff nations in support of certain paramount mu tual interesls will be almost as compelling in importance and ne cessity as it is today in support of Ihe war effort He said he was deeply impressed by the Russians and the epic qual ity of their patriotism A people who will fight against ruthless aggression in utter con tempt of death as the men and London that Prcsi T and Ihe declaration lias been named vice chairman of committee of the American Farm Bureau Federa own prmary intcrcst requires ii tion Ed ONeal president of the to cooperate with the others announced Thursday CRITICISM IX L O N D O Capitulation of the Dodacanese island of Lcros to the Germans has caused sharp criticism of middle east operations in Lon don Isolated by German bases at Crete and Rhodes the sole remaining Brilishheld Dodeca nese island of Samos awaits naii attack Accused of Spending to Influence Votes and Appointments SI Louis UK The American company vast utility holding company was accused Thursday of spending more than 35000000 since 1330 in B stales and the District of Columbia to influence congressional elections and federal appointments The charges were contained in a petition filed in circuit court here by Frank J Boehm former executive vicepresident of the Union Electric company of Mis souri who asked the court to grant him damages of Boehm who served a 10month sentence in federal prison for per jury in connection with an inquiry by the securities and exchange commission into activities of Union Electric stated he was made the scapegoat in a conspir acy to manipulate the financial operations of North American and its subsidiaries Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Weather Report FOKKCAST Mason city Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Cooler Friday and Friday night Satur day fair Lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason Citv 32 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday and Friday Continued mild Thurs day night becoming cooler Fri day and Friday night Fair wilh little change Saturday in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday cooler west portion Thursday night cooler Friday IN A A SON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 4fi Minimum Wednesday night 2B At 8 a m Thursday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 21 Early StalinChurchillF R Session Likely BEATTIE the American capital again of biB lo formulate flexible Dolicv to a London UR Daily Tele graph dispatch from Washington said Thursday that President Roosevelt Prime Minister Church ill and Premier Stalin were ex pected lo meet even sooner than was thought likely at the time of the Moscow conference The tripartite conference at Moscow Oct 19Nov I was pre sumed lo have laid the ground work fora meeting among the Big Three some time before the new year events In the offins Its vague and carefully phrased but urgent he said The need for an early confer ence of liie 3 heads of states military circles said was under lined by the likelihood that the German grip on South Russia will be reduced in the next few weeks to a hardpressed bridgehead across the Dnieper river which itself probably will be liquidated in the soviet winter campaign The liberation of the Ukraine inevitably would produce a fi rmulatc flexible policy lo meet quick changes in both the military and political situation in the eastern Balkans London circles believed Adolf Hitler Mould defend Rumania to the limit to protect the Ploesll oilfields whose loss might col lapse German resistance within 6 months but a sudden Anjflo American thrust across the Adri atic in conjunction with a Rus sian assault across the Dniester probably would doom the Balkans lo early capture Another argument for sn early meeting of the 3 heads of states was seen in igns that Germany might be Defeated by next sum mer instead of Christmas 1944 if a properly coordinated military and political program is followed The London Daily Telegraphs Washington dispatch suggested that Mr Roosevelt Churchill nnd Stalin might frame a declaration demanding Germanys surrender possibly worded along the lines of Wilsons illfated 14 points of the Versailles confer ence Wilsons program appealed to the German people over the heads of their ffovernment Already there has been some discussion as to whether the an v HUGE BOMBERS RENEW EUROPE AIR OFFENSIVE Americans Again Hit Norway as RAF Lashes Ludwigshafen Plants London lib erator bombers of the United States 8th air force Thursday car ried out the 2nd American attack on Norway in 3 days a few hours after a British raiding fleet struck in force at the Rhineland chemi cal center of Ludwifishafen American and British heavy bombers teamed in day and nislit bombardments of Germany prop er and outnnsts of nazi Europe in occupied Norway to put the west ern offensive back on a runninr basis Mediterranean based bombers joined the campaign against Eu rope with attacks on German air bases in the Athens area and oth er targets scattered across the southern partof the continent American army headquarters announced the new attack on Norway without specifying the targets It was the 1st time the liberator bombers had gone out alone on a major mission with out flying fortresses since their reappearance in jhc European theater after a protracted ab sence Fortresses and liberators struck the heaviest blow of the war at nazi targets in Norway Tuesday when they devastated the Knabcn Molybdenum mines and the Rjukan power station and Elec trolysis plant Thursdays raid was the 3rd by American bombers on Nor way In the 2nd Tuesday 2 bombers were lost and B German fighters were destroyed The LudwiRshafcn of the war on the home city of the North fG Farbcnindustries huce Radischc Aniliirwcrkc plant larg est chemical factory in Germany wiped out most of the repairs made by the Germans since the attack of Sept 23 Factories at Ludwigsliafcn sit uated on the west bank of the Rhine river opposite Mannheim turn out explosives tanks arm ored cars turbines electric motors Uboat pumps and pre cision tools Joining heavy bombers in tak ing advantage of the break in foggy weather over Europe for mations of Britishbased mos ciuitoes hit Berlin and western Germany in diversionary raids designed o keep the bombjilterv rcich on edge Only 1 plane was lost in all raids from Britain 1 of the smallest losses in recent months The at tack on Ludwigsnafcn was the 2nd on Germany this month by the big bombers although 2 at tacks have been made on railway targets in southeastern France American flyinB fortresses asain spearheaded Wednesdays offen sive from Mediterranean bases KlasliiiK the Elcusis airfield 12 miles northwest of Athens the fortresses scored tiils on 5 out of 0 hangards at Ihe biff German base Fighterescorted Mitchell me dium bombers followed through with an attack on Kalamaki air field the otlieiGerman base out side Athens and hit hangars and parked aircraft One enemy tight er was shot down Early intensification of the al lied air offensive against France was foreshadowed by a warning broadcast by British and Ameri can shortwave stations to the French people to evacuate the Paris area and 36 other French targets We will altatk establishments manufacturing in France for the enemys account the broadcast said In order to shorten the war the allied air forces deem it ur gently indisponsiblc to all establishments manufacturing in France tanks guns automo biles trucks aircraft locomotives and all kinds of parts for such manufacturers notably ball bear ings and rubber tires It is impossible for us to Rive any exact information concerning the date or place of these opcra lowan Who Escaped Prison Camp Is Home DCS Monies Lt Dc Vcrc Thompson 28 is home on leave after escaping from an Ital ian prison camp where he was held for nearly a year It was the highest spot in my life Thomp lo the German people houkl said in describing the moment constitute a modification or an i when he reached allied forces aft clabovalinn of he unconditional cr wandering across the Italian surrender formula the tlispalch i countryside for 33 days following his escape ;