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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 17, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF ISTOHY AND ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS til Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 17 1944 f Her consists ol Two One NO 34 GERMAN LINES SAG UNDER PRESSURE NEED OF BOOST IN WAR OUTPUT GETS EMPHASIS Discussions Around Reconversion Causing Shortages to Develop Washington laying down of plans for making all those things civilians miss prob ably will be held back until Ger man collapse is assured This became apparent Friday following James F Byrnes threat to halt completely the resumption of civilian goods manufacture if growimj war needs require it War Mobilizer Byrnes joining an official compaign against what officialdom regards as a lack of public warconsciousnessde clared shortages of materiel and weapons might prolong the war unless quickly remedied Gen Dwight D Eisenhower even while directing the big push on Germany will take time Sunday to broadcast home a plea for more big guns and artillery ammunition NBC p in C W T Stressing manpower troubles Byrnes Thursday night ascribed failure to meet some munitions goals to the mistaken belief on the part of some people that the war is about over Two hundred thousand able bodied men coulu break the bottleneck he said If it is not broken the mobili zation chief asserted he would not hesitate to take more dras tic action in these forms First suspend the spot au thorization procedure for civilian goods manufacture in the 2 classes of cities having labor shortages and second completely suspend resumption of the production ol civilian supplies This chill on hopes of easing peacetime production was followedby disclosure that the de tailed VE day of thewar production board is due to be kept mum for psychological reasons One WPB source disclosed tha the has announced it would make the plan public in advance as an aid to swift recon version and is studying whether to withholc such announcement until Hitlers collapse is definitely and immi nently sighted Evidently influenced by the be lief that merely talking about re conversion makes people forge the war WPB was declared likely to go on mapping its plans quietly but not telling which orders will be revoked when VE day comes Byrnes warning came through release of a letter written to E government agencies WPB army navy manpower commissian anc maritime commission He directec that their representatives visit and study lagging WPB Chairman J A Krug now is doing in the stated he would call a conference of the agencies later The lagging programs Byrnes said include heavy bombers heavy artillery heavy ammuni tion heavy trucks and tires as sault transports and cargo ships cotton duck and radar equipment If carried out suspension of the spot plan would put the brake on civilian production in those cities classed by WMC as group 1 and fro up 2 critical and close to critical respectively labor areas Under the spot procedure a WPB field office can permit a manufacturer to resume civilian production a verylow pri ority rating if he can prove he has labor and machines not needed for war Cotton Ed Smith Dies inLynchburg Washington Pf Democratic Sen Ellison Durant Cotton Ed Smith of South Carolina dean of the senate and uncompromising antinew dealer died Friday in Lynchburg S Car The 80 year old veteran passed away from coronary thrombosis at his plantation home Tangle wood A chunky colorful figure with gray mustache Smith bylast Au ust had served longer in the ienate than any other member in years He was defeated for renomina lion to a 7th term last summer by Gov Olin D Johnston who was elected Nov 7 Smith best known as Cotton Ed had been bucking new deal leadership of the democratic party for years and formed an antinew deal committee to op pose the 4th term ticket this year Smith once said that if he had not been so lazy he could have been as great a man as John C Calhoun South Carolinas patron saint Despite his confessed laziness however Smith got himself elect ed to the senate in 1909 and re mained there until his death Not even the persuasive voice of President Roosevelt could blast him out A purge target in 1938 Smith put on the campaign of his life and Gov Johnstons Roose veltbacked candidacy struck a snag But Johnston defeated the veteran this year in the demo cratic primary Smiths entire political career was based on a platform of 3 supremacy a tariff foe revenue only and more impor tant states rights He did not let an opportunity pass to emphasize it A highlight of his colorful ca reer came when he walked out of tie 1936 democratic convention at Philadelphia because a Negro preacher blessed the gathering and all things tc there were Negro dele gates He saidthere was no place in the democratic party for Negroes Smiths senatorial career wa wrapped up in cotton which gave him his nickname He was al ways pursuing some legislation affecting cotton He was author of the cotton standards act advocate of the government cotton loan and the senates strongest mourner when the price of staple hit the rocks Minneapolis Boy 15 Is Held for Beating and Stabbing 17 Minneapolis 17 year old girl who was beaten unconscious and stabbed in the face with an iceTpick by a 15 year old boy Thursday night was reported Fri day to be in condition at General hospital Police held the boy for further questioning at the city jail He was arrested shortly after his at tack upon the girl Police said the girl a resident of the Lake and Hennepin district had resisted the boys attempted attack upon her and he had then beaten her and stabbed her with the pick He apparently thought she was dead He tied her with ropes and dragged her some dis tance away where he covered her with leaves She was discovered by a passerby who revived her and took her home She was taken to a hospital later to be treated for lacerations and bruises Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy SEN ELLISON D SMITH in S Carolina SHAKEUPMADE IN FINN CABINET Paasikivi Peace Envoy Named Prime Minister Stockholm K Paasikivi was named prime minister of Finland Friday in a shakeup the cabinet A veteran peace envoy and former 1918 premier who par ticipated in the negotiations which led to the MoscowHel sinki armistice Paasikivi suc ceeds Erhu Caslren as Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerheims first mini ster The Finnish radio announced Nov 11 that Paasikivi had ac cepted the offer of the position The Castren regime had been criticized by soviet organs for its handling of the RussianFinnish armistice Ten new ministers were named in the IBman cabinet including one communist Y Leino He was appointed to the assistant com munications post C J A Enckell remains foreign minister Paasikivi once served for a time as Finnish minister to Mos cow RUSSIAN FORCE PIERCES MAIN DEFENSE FRONT Battle Ahead Along Roads Around Budapest Leading to Austria London JP Russian troops have pierced the main German defense line 10 miles east of Buda pest capturing the rail station of Gyomro and in a pivot northeast Jf the besieged capital Friday threatened the key railway juric of Godollo and Hatvan Far to the northeast other units of Marshal Rodian Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukraine army struck to with in 5 miles of Miskolc Hungarys 5th city which is now exposed to red army artillery fire Battling along the roads leading around Budapest to Austria the Russians Thursday crossed the BudapestMiskolc railway at Yam osgyork in a 12 mile advance from Jaszbereny and were moving to ward Hatvan Moscow announced Thursday night Hatvan is a junc tion of the Budapest Miskolc line and terminal of the railway run ning north into central Slovakia 38 miles beyond The threat to Godollo less than 10 miles northeast of Budapest developed when powerful soviet tank and infantry forces swept through Dany less than 11 miles southeast Godollo governs road and rail routes to Vienna and cen tral Slovakia The capture of Vamosfryork xvhere several trains and ammuni tion stores were seized also threat ened the entrapment of German and Hungarian forces still cline Ing to the central section of the BudapestMiskolc trunk line In the frontal assault east of Budapest the Gyomro railstation was captured in a bitterly contest ed 3 mile advance Gyomro vil lage a mi le to the south andde scribed by Berlin as the sbuth eastern anchor of the axis defense arc around Budapest was under violent attack Berlin reported Meanwhile a midnight sovie war bulletin indicated the red air force had begun to track down the German fleet hiding in the Baltic Since the RAF sinking of the Tir pitz the only surface warships let to the Germans are believec trapped there Torpedo planes o the red banner Baltic fleet openec the attack by sinking ja 6000 ton transport in the big nazi port o Danzig the war bulletin said The regular soviet communique disclosed that Russian troops ex panding their TransTisza rive front northeast of Budapest to 125mile length had crossed thi upper section of the river at 2 nev points outflanking the famou wine center of Tokaj and advanc ing in from the east toward im perilled Miskolc Pushing along the Budapest rail way south of Miskolc the Russian took Malyi 3 miles from the city Telephone Operators Belonging to Union Walk Out at Dayton Dayton Ohio iated telephone operators walked out early Friday in a sudden pro test against employment of out oftown personnel and 2 hours later operators at Columbus and Toledo quit work in an expres sion of sympathy Paul Denning commercial man ager at Columbus said at least 50 per cent of his long distance operators were absent at a m And operators said they were accepting emergency calls only Miss Jeanette Reedy of Dayton president of the southwestern area council of the Ohio Federation Telephone Workers an indepen dent union said about fiOO of Day tons operators were affected There was no immediate count on the number out at Columbus Miss Reedy said she had as surances that other locals of the federation would quit work too Dayton and Columbus are in the heart of the vital industrial ized midwest and the army air forces 2 important and just outside Dayton There was no immediate indi cation of how generally the strike would affect service Automatic equipment was operating as usual in both cities JAP PLANES POUND U S SHIPSJap planes continually pounded at ships in the Leyte gulf duringAmerican invasion operations there Above 3 bomb explosions are n as aircraft ackack from PT boatsThe Liberty ship to left of the picture was hit by a Jap plane that was shot down Torrential Rains Slow Yanks CIO BOARD FOR in Advance on Philippines By LEONARD MILLJMAN Associated Press War Editor Torrential rains slowed up American infantrymen closing in on bitterly resisting Japanese in the Philippines Friday while 900 miles to the southeast other Yanks encountered little trouble cleaning UD enemy remnants on the invaded Mapia islands The tropical storm eliminated most of the aerial activity over the Philippines but bombcarry ing lighters destroyed 3d barges at Ormoc Japanese supply port on Leyte island and raised havoc with a motor pool in Ormoc val ley around which land fighting rages of Japanese shipping taken in Manila bayby carrier plane raiders Monday Philip pines time was revised upwards to I cruiser 4 destroyers and 11 freighters and tankers definitely sunk Four torpedoes also hit a floating drydock Adm Chester W Nimilz has yet made no men tion of a repeat raid by carrier planes on the Manila area Tues day during which Tokyo radio said U S carrier planes flew 400 sorties Amid reports further U S naval and aerial probing of the southern approaches to Japan and the home islands themselves Tokyo radio announced the crea tion of a liaison council to cope with air raid disasters in view of the inevitability ot largescale en emy assaults Japanese broadcasters said sev eral U S warships engaged a Nipponese patrol ship in an 8 hour battle Wednesday off the Benin islands some miles south of Tokyo Like previous similar reports this Tokyo announcement was without American confirmation although Adm Nimitz did report new air strikes at the Bonin and Volcano islands in which 1 or possibly 2 enemy ships were bombed Two other small Japanese ships were sunk and 2 damaged in Philippine waters and off Borneo WILL ENTER SERVICE WinslonSalem Jf Car When her term of office expires Mrs Hazel Miller Des Moines Iowa president of the VFW aux iliary will enter some branch of the military service she an nounced here Thursday night Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette Tokyo claimed that 8 U S air craft were shot down out of 40 raiders in a later strike at Borneo MacArthur said American ar tillery continued to raise havoc with the Japanese although drenching rains temporarily bogged down double encircling movements Several thousand en emy soldiers around Limon about 15 miles north of Ormocwere virtually surroundedand Yank infantrymen were within rifle range of their supply road First division cavalrymen con solidated mountain positions to the rear No new progress was reported in the 3way push to ward Ormoc Floor Price on HiHer Pictures Set by Decree New York Berlin dis patch in the Swedish newspaper Tigningen declared that under a new decree pictures of Hitler may not be sold for less than 45 reichsmark prewar The dispatch reported Friday to the office of war information said the measure was taken sincp of fers to sell Hitler pictures have been particularly numerous dur ing recent weeks NOT VALID IN IOWA DCS aioines federal war ballots which were not valid in Iowa were received by the secretary of states office Ray Johnson deputy said Thurs day Of that number 55 of the service people also applied for Iowa war ballots 43 did not Only id nF c i J yusiuvuiy inert was 110 inana rmmi TV T1 returned lo tory assessments on CIO membei county audtors Johnson said m he Dast and hcre wiu b no CONTINUING PAG Urges Hillman Stay in Present Position Chicago CIO executive board unanimously recommended Friday the continuation of the CIO political action committee and designation of its chairman Sid ney Hillman and other officers to continue in their present positions The boards action subject to approval by the CIO national con vention next week was announced by Philip Murray CIO president and in ajoint press conr ference fdllowInEfa Tioard session devoted to the subject of PAC Murray said the boards recom mendation constituted a vote oi full confidence in Hillman and his committee Hillman said the PAC in the recent national political campaign combated isolationism and othfii reactionary forces tied up with iso lationism He added isolationism was defeated you know and that he felt the CIO PAC made a very great contribution to that defeat The PAC chairman asserted an other contribution by the PAC in 1944 was to emphasize registering and voting as a civic responsibility regardless of how one voted The PAC he said would keep on anc expand that effort as a major ob jective PAC funds totaling approxi mately which were frozen darin the campaign under elec tion laws are being thawed out Hiliman said and will be used fo educational activities of t h v PAC It was proved he continued that the PAC did not need huffc funds because most of the work was voluntary and the PAC hat the support of the great masses o CIO members Murray and Hillman both said positively there was no manda in the past and there will be no in the future Hillman added are still waiting for proof of one actual case of coercion Nazi Sailors j Flyers Go to Front Lines London e r m a n y her varships and planes virtually viped out was reported rushing ailors and airmen into the front mes as infantry Friday to bolster her faltering armies against what may be the final allied offensive n the west European dispatches said the appeared to be facing its gravest military crisis of the war at a time when civilian morale was ebbing to a new low as result of Adolf Hitlers prolonged silence and increasing evidence that Ges tapo Chief Heinrich Hirnmler has succeeded him as fuehrer of Ger many Reports believed reliable reached Madrid that gestapo agents were arresting hundreds perhaps thousands ol army offi cers and civilians in a desperate effort to stamp out defeatism in the army and on the home front British dispatches from Stock nolm reported that Himmlers SS forces in Berlin had executed Gen irjch Fromm former commander in chiet of he reich home com mand and once head of the wehr macht transport organization His death was said to have resulted from a horrible torture for 3 months during which the nazis futilely attempted to extract from him names of German officers im plicated in the July assassination plot against Hitler An article in the Swiss news paper Journal De Geneve re ported by the OWI said a mount ing number of threatening death letters are being received by nnzi party leaders and down with Hitler inscriptions arc seen more and more on German A German forces program broad cast by the nazicontroiled Oslo radio quoted Hitlers newspaper Volkischer Beobachicr as saying that every German soldier was receiving extensive training in street fighting perhaps as much a precaution against revolution as of their homeland against allied Richard D McMillan United Press war correspondent with the British 2nd army said members of the luftwaffe fighting as infan try already had been encountered in southeast Holland They were shifted to the ground forces when no more planes could be found captured airmen told the British Unconfirmed reports continued to circulate that Hitler was grave ly ill mentally deranged dead or had left for Japan or some neutral haven The official soviet n e w s agency Tass said in a Bern dis patch that Dr Ferdinand Sauer bruch Hitlers personal physician had been in continuous attendance at Bcrchtesgaden for the past few days CLAIMS HE WAS ROBBED Des Moincs C Day ot Fairfield told police he was slug ged and robbed of S27 by 4 Negro men while walking along a down town street about 5 a m Friday Day said he was walking around while waiting for a bus REPORTBREAKS MADE IN NAZI DEFENSE FRONT Allies Sending Long Columns of Prisoners Back From Battle Areas BULLETIN With V S 3rd army Third army forces paced by cavalry jumped o near Kemeliiijr only 2 miles from the Saar and Ifi miles northeast of Thionville Friday London German lines sagged under twin of fensives in the Rhineland Friday as the 1st U S army drove forward 2 miles toward Duren and the 9th army bagged long lines of prisoners Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges 1st army infantry and armor slashed to a point 6 miles west of Duren im portant industrial town 20 miles west of Cologne despite sleet and rain storms Germanys western lines rocked to the thunder of hundreds of guns in the Aachen sector the smash of new armored columns from the Moselle bridgeheads the weight of increasing attacks in Holland as the allies made a SUPREME BID for victory Perhaps 2000000 men were ar rayed in battle on both sides in the critical test of German staying power Lt Gen William H Simpsons 9th army increased the pressure of the attack in its 2nd day north of Aachen front line dispatches said captured several more tbivru and turned back a counterattack A German military commenta tor late in the afternoon said a break had been made in the Ger man lines near Stolbcrsr and a dispatch from the front said breaks appeared to have been made at several places Long streams of battleshat tered German prisoners lined the roads back to American prison cages Flight after night o Thunder bolt fighterbombers streaked un der cloud layers over the front To the north the British crossed the Zig canal after clearing out a triangle formed by that channel and the Noord and Wessem ca nals and virtually closed up to the Maas river bend on a 7mile front at Roermond in Holland Here the Gorman radio de clared a major attack is likely to be launched in a few days time To the south Lt Gen George S Patton Jr threw new armored forces into the 3rd armys battle Report CoEds Now Puff Corn Cob Pipes Iowa City of Iowa coeds now are puffing corn cob pipes in the absence of ciga rets One store reported sale of 72 pipes of the 10 cent variety in a single day FORTRESS Staami smoke and flame a Flying Fortress plunges lo destruction as other 8th air force bombers drop their bombs on a syn thetic oil plant at Merseburg Germany Nov 2 The For tress received a direct hit which ripped off nose section with pilot copilot bombardier and navigator inside Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday lowest tem perature Friday night at Mason City 28 warmer Saturday aft ernoon Iowa Cloudy Friday and generally fair Friday night and Saturday Colder Friday night Warmer Saturday Gentle to moderate winds Thursdays maximum 47 at Davenport minimum 31 at Cedar Rapids Minnesota Fair Cold Friday night and warmer Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday JO Minimum Thursday night 34 At 8 a m Friday 34 Snow flurries were observed Friday morning YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 26 WHERE U S ARMIES LAUNCH arrow indicates area east of Aachen where American 1st and 9th armies launched new offensive into the Rhineland Other arrows indicate numerous additional areas of attack along western front ;