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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L MAKES AU NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Press and United Press fall Leased Wires iFive Cents a Copy I Russians Close In on Gomel Last Big Nazi Base East of Dnieper Moscow army troops closed in on Gomel Wednesday storming the last important German base east of the Dnieper river in a furious assault which threatened to add the city to the impressive of conquests achieved by the BOWLES URGES FOOD SUBSIDIES BE SUPPORTED MASON CITV IOWAWEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 17 J943 and senate and over lial veto Opponents Confident of Enough Strength to Override Veto Washington adminis tration left congress Wednesday with a warning that a baa oil subsidies as a means of holding down food prices would boost the cost of consumer goods and rents by at least 58000000000 during 1944 alone The warning voiced bv Price Administrator Chester Bowles as the house prepared to begin i days of debate on the antisubsidy bill Thursday with opponents of subsidies confident of sufficient strength to pass the measure through both the house a presiden Bowles declared that we arc going to be in trouble as far as the cost of living is concerned congress bans use ol subsidies after Jan 1 as proposed the con tinued use o subsidies now cost ing about 3800000000 a year is a business mans bargain consid ering that it can prevent a mini mum increase of 58000000000 in the costofliving m a single year Subsidy opponents chiefly the congressional farm bloc with the outside backing of livestock and farm organizations wrote the ban into a bill to extend the life of the commodity credit corporation for another 18 months A similar measure was passed last spring only to meet a presidential veto but the anUjrsubsidy forces now claim more than enough strength to overcome the expected white houseopposition Though house debate is limited final vote is not late Monday or to i days the expected until v Tuesday Among the promised amendments is one by Represen tative A S Mike JMonroney D Okla0 to limit the subsidy pro gram to 3900000000 a year in stead of the 51100000000 pro posed by administrative agencies Monroneys plan would fix the expiration date for subsidy pav ments at Sept 30 1944 or before if wage levels advance another JTive per cent Bowles said that if subsidies were banned and prices subse quently rose by at least 10 per cent the cost ot the war would be increased by a minimum of S5000000000 through higher prices rents and additions to the national debt NAZI ARSENAL IS ATTACKED 10 Germans Slain by French at Grenoble Bern Switzerland VPjDis paAches from Grenoble France lo the Swiss newspaper Ixi Suisse Wednesday said Grenoble citizens had attacked a German arsenal in army will fight abroad that city slaying 10 nazi soldiers needed provided it canmaintain and blowing Itn n nnwrlor innon ifc nnfinnnl and blowing up a powder iiuiundi luunmy prcs 7mc Fifteen Frenchmen were reManuel Avila Camacbo says ported killed The Grenoble dispatches said tiie attack was staged in retalia tion for the arrest of between 300 and 100 perrons following Armi stice diiy demonstrations on Nov 11 The Swiss newspaper Journal de Geneve said the nazis clamped martial law on Grenoble and de creed an extraordinary curfew at 3 p m daily U added 12 German soldiers were killed by thc ex plosion set off by French youths It was so powerful thai a husc gas works more than hair a mile away was set off shattering ev ery window in the city and caus ing great damage Thinking the city was being bombed the populace rushed into the streets in panic and scenes of wild disorder followed Russians in their 1943 offensive Russian forces pushed west from their bridgehead on the Sozh river north of Gomel while other units struck beyond ihe Dnieper south of Ihe city broad ening their wedge below Rechitsa an important railroad town US miles east of the old Polish fron tier The Russian push in the Ukraine meanwhile though slowed down by adverse weather ajid stiff German counterattacks particularly in the Zhitomir and Fastov sectors continued to edge toward Korosteu the rail junc tion controlling raffle on the LeningradOdessa and K i e v Wareaw railways The Berlin radio said 25 Rus sian divisions and large tank forces perhaps 400000 men in all were attacking with slrong artil lery support on both sides of the SmolenskOrsha highway in the frozen north Wednesdays German commu nique said the Russians had dented their lines northeast or Kerch in the Crimea southwest of Dnepropetrovsk and north of Krivoi Rog in the Dnieper bend and southwest Gomel The Germans reported that nazi coun ter attacks had made good head way near Zhitomir and that num erous prisoners and a nil1 were captured on an island in the Dnie per near Zaporozhe A Reuters dispatch from Mos cow said the German hold on Korosten had been further weak ened by severance ol the 3rd of fi rail lines converging there The dispatch added thai Gomel was being heavily shelled by Russian field guns and that the city was virtually isolated One Bed army column a Rus sian communique said already had reached Turchenka 11 miles south of Korosten A 2nd comiiie in from the southeast captured Chepovichi 15 miles away and a 3rd was at Obikhodi 15 mites northeast of Korosten and within 13 miles of the northsouth Odes saIseninirrads More than 1000 Germans were slain in the triple drive on Koros ten and 60 towns were liberated by Geii Nikolai Vatutins forces the communique announced The Heel army columns batter ing the defenses of Gomel hav ing cut the GomelKalinkovichi rail line Tuesday were driving toward the latter stronghold which is still another rail junction important to thc enemy supplv setup The Moscow bulletin said the Germans had sustained tremen dous losses in manpower and equipment in this westward which netted the Russians an ad ditional 10 German strongpoints German counter action appeared conccnlrated in attacks on Vatu tins flanks in the Korosten ZhilomirFasiov area These thrusls were repulsed the soviet communique said German broadcasts hinted that nazi withdrawal from the Dnie per river bend was about to get under way although the Germans were reported still throwing in large forces of infantry and tanks to hold a threat against Krivoi Rog iron and industrial center controlling a German escape cor This Paper Coiisibls ot Two One bomb German targets i Fulce Fron l of Mark Clarks forces forced Yanks Retake Some Ground Lost to Nazi Counter Drive Allied HeadQuarters Algiers troops have recap tured some 01 the grounds lost to German counterattacks on Mount Cioce north of Venafro allied headquarters announced Wodnosdav Driving across heights by cold winter winds Lt Gen T p T Lilt Limit on Home Hog Slaughter Washington an effort to slow current heavy marketing of hogs the war food administra tion Wednesday lifted for 90 davs the restrictions on tlie number of pounds of homeslaughter pork and lard that may be sold or given to not rm the farmers pfopert Ihe enemy from outposts gained by 2 nazi counterattacks near the vital roads leading northward toward Rome on the western end of the transItaly line Small British eighth army gains north of Alrssa for 2nd straight day was thc only other change reported on the front Pa trol actions were fought in chilly rains and mud across the enemy river and mountain winter line across Italy ft was the 3rd straight day in which no operation of tactical im portance was reported The ex A German patrol caught alons the Garigliano river on the fifth armys extreme westernfront was shot up badly as it returned from alon EiRhth army LC SC troops ik fought patrol action in thc Tornareecio region 5 miles northwest of Casa lanjrnida besides winning new ground and improving positions around Atcssa 12 miles inland from Ihe Adriatic An official communique de scribed the weather as bad Allied troops were digging German defenses cliffs and along muddy rivers some 80 miles south of Rome which thc enemy ap pears determined to hold as long as possible Despite thc adverse weather allied planes continued their steady blows at the enemy line and attacked shipping off the Adriatic coast in before Ihe laid in rocky SUBSIDIES UNNECESSARY Des Monies resolution in which farm production subsi i lcs were described as unncces ndoi to the west German comsary was passed Tuesdav niht mentators for the past 2 clays have at the Polk county Farm Bure u s reported increased Russian oftenannual meeting Other rcsolu suc activuy here liolls includcci T demand for OPA bungling if maximum pro duction of dairy products is to be attained WILL FIGHT ABROAD Mexico City Mexican i Buy Savings Bonds and carrier bov Former ISC Instructor Dies in South Pacific Ames F Bow ers professor of architectural engineering at Iowa State college who was on leave from the facul ty os a first lieutenant in the Unit ed Stales army air forces has been reported killed in a transport plane accident in thc south Pa cific the war department clis closed Bowers a member of the college staff for 15 years entered thc service last April 27 He is the 1st Iowa Slate college faculty j member lo be killed in this war could be delivered bv a farmer toothers living off his farm The restrictions on delivers of farmslaughter pork and lard were removed in order lo open another channel for disposal of the largest hog crop ever known in the United States WFA said WFA also renewed its warning that farmers should find out from marketing agencies or pro cessors whether hoss can be DEMAND WAGE SCALE REVISION Ford Department of DAW Makes Request Detroit demand for new waae rales without regard to the steel formula was pre sented to the Ford Motor company Wednesday by the Ford depart mcnl of the United Automobile Workers The demand was contained in a letter to Harry 11 Bennett per sonnel director or the company signed by Richard T Leonard na tional Ford director for the union and Percy Llewellyn chairman ot the unions national Ford council Also asked were Establishment of a postwar labor security fund revision of the vacation bonus payment to provide for increased benefits and subsidization of em ploye insurance ptemjums There was no immediate state ment from company officials and other clauses in the unions contract with the Ford Motor company were approved by the war labor board last May and June The contract contains a pro vision thai such issues could be re opened at G month intervals The demand ihat the little steel formula be scrapped was before sending them to handled market Purchases of the farmslaush Icr products will be required to surrender ration points tor Hie meat and lard thus obtained Orchestra Leader Eddie Lebaron Charged With Not Reporting in Draft Los Angeles federal bureau of investigation Wednes day disclosed the arrest Orches tra Leader Eddie LeBaron on a charge of violating he selective training and service act LeBaron declared his arrest was the result of a clerical mixup bv niv New York draft board and will be straightened out He said the board had notified him of his classification of IA bul had not ordered him lo appear for induction R B Hood F B I chief here said LeBaron 36 born Edward Albacini Gastinc is accused of failure to report io his New York City draft board when ordered to do so Oct H in accordance a resolution adopted by he CIO national con vention in Philadelphia early this month The entire principle of the lit tle slcel formula is basically wrong Leonard asserted La bors wages have been frozen by Ihis formula whil curbs were placed executive salaries prices or profits We therefore are demandin that the Ford Motor company ne Hotiale with us on new rates with out regard to the liulc sicci LeBaron is a native of Caracas arc bombed Nazi Workers Taking Time Off on Christmas Must Work Overtime Stockholm A new German labor decree stipulates Ibal every working hour must be utilized and that workers who lake time off even for Christmas or iVcw Years nuisl labor overtime to make up lost hours the German press reported Wednesday Fac tory managers no longer may give workers time off afler factories NO Nazis Capture Leros Isle After Heavy Bombardment Big Force of Planes Makes Successful Marseille Raid WFA WILL SET SWINE MARKET SUPPORT PRICE Step Planned to Avert Flooding of Packers to Be Under Ceiling North Africa of allied planes ing fortresses thai wrecked a German airfield near lesirucuon atony a 1000mile front from France to Greece Tuesday in the mount ing Mediterranean air offensive it was revealed Wednesday Britishbased RAK moscuiilo bombers raided western Germany without loss Tuesdav night a few hours after 8th u S air force Hying fortresses and liberators blasted the Rjukanos power sta tion 77 miles west of Oslo and Molybdenum mines at Knabon 40 miles easl of Stravengor in their 2nd raid of the war on Nor way What was described officially as a considerable force of fart The war food administration prepared Wednes resses dropped tons of explosives and fire bombs on he Istrcs Le 1ube airfield near Marseille anil left hangars warehouses and parked aircraft auhizc An ammunition dump also was believed hit day to announce hog support It was the first time that the prices m all major markets at SI term considerable force hundred pounds under he of been used in a communique from ficc ol price administration veil allied headquarters in n o r t h s in an attempt lo avert over flooding of markets and a possible Twentyfive to 0 German Ales collapsc of prices Marvin loncs war fiiod aclmiii isiratnr is expected to ask the Reconstruction Finance corpora lion to enforce the support schcil ule by withholding the ner hundrccl Bounds subsidy payments from puckers who fail ti pay the liricc and to request the OlA to reduce point values on pork Africa statement summarizing at rauder medium bombers with an tions lo be taken by Ihc several government agencies involved in an attempt to end confusion in the markets and among farmers may be issued late Wednesday or Thursday WFA said While thc plans call for an in itial support price of SI less Ihan ceilings WFA said a flexible dif rcrentiat probably will be estab lished later in mosl markets out side of Chicago to meet seasonal requirements The governments moves de signed lo assure farmers of re tCivingthe support price of S1375 a hundred poumts Chicago basis for tiogs ot 2QO to 270 Pounds WFA announced several months ago it would purchase pork from packers at prices which would permit them to pay producers not less Ihan SI375 Chicago basis but il established no dollar and cent support price outside ot Chi cago labor shortage existing packing plants and a record run of hogs starting early in thc season WFA said some plants al ready had been swamped and a general market glut and a collapse ate action is taken In some markets prices have dropped below the support prices A record move ment to market of an estimated 15000000 hogs within the next CO days is anticipated Shortage of storage lo handle thc hfiflvy run is another problem being considered by government agencies Should the proposed plans now prepared fail to stabilize the mar scrschmju JOBs atlackcd the escorted fortresses as they roared over Istres Le Tube shortly after noon Thc 4eiigined bombers shot clown 12 Messcrschmilts in a fierce fight thc heaviest casual lies inflicted on the eiicinv since the atlack on Wiener Ncustadl Austria Nov 2 fifteen minutes later escort of Ions range lightnings hit Salon airfield also near Marseille and literally covered the airfields with bombs One of 15 intcrcepl injt fighters was shot down The raids were the 2nd of the war on the 2 airfields which first wore bombed by the northwest African air forces AUK 17 Ger man planes based near Marseilles have been used chiefly for at tacks on allied convoys iiasshiK through the Mediterranean and on Dallied bases in northwest Africa A considerable force of me dium bombers meantime save Eleusis airfield 12 miles north west of Athens its Incl pounding in 24 hours and left 10 fires burn ing in the dispersal area and in front of hangars American and Jugoslav liberators raided Eleusis airfield in daylight Monday A 3rd force of medium bomb ers struck at Ihe harbor at Si benik half way up thc Adriatic coast of Jugoslavia Hits also were scored on the nearby rail way and highway Fighterbombers bombed and strafed a 300 foot vessel at An cona on thc Italian coast opposite SibcniK and a 100 foot vessel near Groltainare a few miles clown Ihe Italian coast Three al lied planes were lost in all op erations Looks Out Window Sees Horse Vanish Fergus Falls Minn tin Bergerud a Fergus Falls farm er sawone of his horses vanish Vcnezuclc Husband Gets Custody of 7 Children Alimony by ExWife Is Ordered DCS Jloincs Judge O S Franklin grunted Edwin C Clemenson a divorce Tuesday gave him custody of 7 children ranging in age from 4 lo 17 and ordered Clemenson lo pay S25 monthly toward support of thc children Clcmenson a railroad machin ist testified his average monthly i income was S240 but that last month he earned only S132 be cause he had to slay home part of Ihe time to care for the chil dren He said Mrs Clcmenson had been Moincs 01 u u u places earning from S25 to S40 a I week Clemenson also told thc court his wife left home in September and that he was unable to effect a reconciliation CLRMANS PUSH YANKS troops of the all arniy were forced to retreat from high ground north of Venafro by Goman counterattacks but the Yanks recaptured some of the area Meanwhile thc British 8th army won new high ground north of Atcssa and probed across the Sangro river Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier lioy Weather Report KORECAST Iowa Pirtly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday warmer Wednesday night continued mild Thursday cooler northwest portion Thursday nigh cooler Friday little if any prccipilalion Thursdav night and Friday Mason City Fair Wednesday night Thursday and Friday warmer Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night all tcm peraiurcs above freezing en employed at the DCS Minnesota Partly cloudy and plan i warmer W c cl n c s d a y night Thursday partly cloudy and continued mild except becom ing cloudy and colder north west portion Thursday after noon IN MASON CITY GlobcGazclte weather statistics Maximum Tuesday l Minimum Tuesday night 2I At fi a m Wednesday 10 SWITCHMAN INJURED O Forbes Rock Is land switchman met with a pain ful accident while on duty in the yards here As he was about U throw a switch he slipped on ici threw his kneecap out oi place He is confined al his home looked out of liis living room win dow Buigcrufl pul down his mys YKAIl AGO Maximum Minimum rR 32 HACK FROM wounded U S marine swings toward a navy transport art another wounded troop er ie on thc bottom of a landingboat in which thov were brought back from the beach on Bougainville islandin the fsolomons whrrc the marines established a successful beachhead in the invasion of thc Japaneseheld island FRESH GERMAN TROOPS LANDED IN SMALL AREA Believe Hitlerites Seek to Keep Turkey in NonBelligerent Role Cairo iV The British com mand announced Wednesday the loss ot Leros to German invasion troops 1 more major setback for the allied attempt to seize and hold the Dodecanese islands outer defense line for Hitlers Balkans Organized resistance ceased laie Tuesday alter an overwhelm ing air bombardment and land ings of fresh nazi forces a mid dle east communique said By German account thc al lies have lost all their footholds in the Dodecanese and the nazls have cuntrol of fie sea lanes in thc Aegean The British in September landed on Leros Cos and Caslelrosso in the Dodecanese and the Greek is land of Samoa less Ihan 20 miles north of Leros This campaign in Ihe Mediterranean was described as not an isolated effort but part of the major strategy of the Medi terranean war In midOctober the Germans said they had retaken Caslelros so Cos fell last month Other allied landings were in not announced of Uic Germans ciaijii dicaled ficially win rcnccupalfon of Syini and Stampalia Tlicv also reported repulse of a Brit ish commando raid in October against Kalynuios between Cos and Leros Santos still is in British hands The Germans threw picked bat tle teams into the fight opening last Friday for Leros about the size of Some of their troops were veterans the re conqucst of Cos 20 miles south of Leros and others were from Crete nhodes and the Balkans The Jnifldle east command said tne island fell after very severe fighting and in spite of he most determined resistance Possession of Leros KUCS the Germans excellent harbors in cjudinfr Ihc naval base of Iakki Bay and he deep harbor of tVfinda on the east coast across the sea lanes ef he Dodecanese A German broadcast reporting Ihc capture of the island said 000 British and 1000 Italian troops were taken prisoners along with 130 guns No further details on where only Tuesday the allied position Ii a d been reported given by the lied communique H said allied fighter planes made extensive sweeps over the Aegean area Tuesday with en emy installations damaged on Crete and an enemy plane downed over Lcros Bombers by mKht hit the air fields of Cnlato and Maritza on Rhodes mid preliminary rcporls point to liodi attacks licins suc cessful Bcaufighleis blew up Seibc ferry west nf Calinos Three al licd planes were lost in all op erations In Iheiisuccessful fight lo win Leros from British forces which moved in afler Italy surrendered Ihc Germans waged a dual pur pose protect their 1st line of defense of the Balkans and to impress the Turks that they still have power in the Aegean The BritishItalian garrison was under constant assault from German planes based on Rhone 81 miles away Leros is only fi miles Iwig and 3 miles wide Deep rocky inlets around the coasis make its defense difficult ISrilish occupation troops are still on Sainos Greek island less han 0 miles north f icros There have been unconfirmed re ports that when they occupied the other islands the British also moved troops iiitn Oastclrosso liny Dodecanese island sonic miles cast nf Uhndes Perhaps he main purpose of the Germans in waging a bitter and costly stniRgle for Leros was ID keep Turkey which is friendly lo the allies in a state of non belligerency The IJRht came close after a meeting at Cairo between British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Isuman Mencincncioglu Turkish foreign minister It remains to be seen what ef fect the German diversion in the Aegean will have on other fronts in the Balkans Russia and Italy The British recall thai air opera tions in Die capture of Crelc in the spring of 1D11 had an almost crippling effect en the German air force for a time Kven before the loss of Leros was announced Ihc London press ilio Dodecanese opcra linns and there was some talk of a change of Ihc British middle cast i command ii a iCsiilt of the set I backs there ;