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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 17, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa COM DEPARTMENT OF HISTOHY AND ARCHIVES MOINES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 17 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 33 HAIL U S PACIFIC TRIUMPH 23 Jap Warships Sunk Foresee Yank Victory in Guadalcanal ALLIES PUSH BACK NAZIS IN TUNISIA ENGLISH U S TROOPS SWEEP IN FROM SOUTH All Signs Point to Imminent Showdown Battle for Key Bases By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor Adolf Hitlers airborne invad ers ot Tunisia were reported to have been driven back Tuesday in their first clash with the vanguard a powerful AmericanBritish expeditionary force driving into the French North African protec torate An Algiers radio broadcast said the nazi setback came in a skirmish with allied reconnais sance forces spearheading a thrust by perhaps 150000 American and British soldiers Other BritishAmerican troop columns were reported into Tunisia from the south Allsigns pointed to an imminent showdown battle LieutGen Kenneth Al N Andersons AngloAmerican ex peditionary force was reported rolling steadily nearer the axis held naval bases at Bizerte anil Tunis where airborne nazi re inforcements were said to be under orders by Adolf Hitler to hold at all cost DNB the German news agency said nazi planes had discovered United States and British forces in the southern border area of Tu nisia and bombed them heavily This indicated that an allied i pincer movement was in progress to drive the axis out of the key French buffer state with one AngloAmerican force culling in from the south and another ad vancing eastward along the Medi terranean coasl in the noiih Confirmation was lacking on London rcporls of a fierce battle already raging between the allies and Germans near Tunis the cap ital The American consul at Tunis who escaped to reach Algeria said French troops near Tunis had thrown back German pa trols and that the French pop ulation is eagerly wait in c the arrival of the Americans On the other side of the giant Zarzis in Tunisia FIRST LADY IS BACK FROM AIR TRIPTOBRITAIN Mrs Roosevelt Is Greeted by President at Capital Airport WASHINGTON Mrs Vanklin D Roosevelt relumed to Vashington Tuesday from a war ime trip to England The presidents wife who loft ew York Oct 21 arrived at a learby airport by plane Tuesday norning and was niel by the In England she was the guesl of King George and Queen Eliza acth and carried out an arduous nspection of military and civilian activities The white house said she would hold a press conference Wednesday When Mrs Roosevelt left Eng land and the route she followed returning was not disclosed This is Zarzis in Tunisia toward which axis and allied troopsdrive Fast British Column Tries to Cut Off Rommels Army Sent West From Mekili in Attempt to Catch Axis Force Remnants CAIRO British 8lh army it was indicated Tuesday has sent a fasl column racing across the Libyan desert track due west from Mekili in an attempt to cut off the retreating fragments of the German Afrika korps in the vicinity the Gull of Sirte The Mekili track is a shortcut which heads straight west across the rugged hump of Libya 130 miles to the coast How close Ihe British pursuit detachments are lo the const is not Hilled vise in Ihc Mediterranean known but the occupation of Mekili 45 miles south of Derna was iii an official communique Marshal Erwin nommels fleeing troops have been spotted in the FI AghcliaAgedabia area along the Gulf of Sirte and if the desert col umn can make contact with them Ihe already crippling German losses may be extended Britains triumphant 8th army was officially reported to have oc cupied Ihe Libyan port of Derna 150 miles east of Bengasi and seized Ihe town of Mekili 43 miles in land from Derna in continued pursuit of Field Marshal Erwin Rommels broken armies Latest dispatches said that Rom mels fleeing c o Iu m n s were stretched along the road between Bengasi and El Agheila El Agheila on the Gulf of Sirte lies 400 miles from the main axis base at Tripoli which itself is only 90 miles from tHe Tunisian tier Meanwhile united nations capitals rang with the news of the spectacular American naval victory in the Solomons islands hailed in London as the greatest sea battle of the war and the bicjrext since he IVorld war bat tle of Jutland Tuesday the remnants of Japans mighty armada were reported in hiding with American forces in complete control of the land sea and sky in the South jseas area While the whole South seas campaign began to take as a Japanese disaster ot the first magnitude the Tokio radio chat tered incessantly to its listeners that the American Heel had been annihilated at least the third declared The Japanese have the Ameri cans where they want them and mean to keep them there until no American warship is left in active service 1400 Letters in Feminine Handwriting Sent to Pvt Simpkins FORT DEVENS Mass Poslal clerks arc trying to figure it out More than 1400 letters ad dressed in feminine handwriting have arrived here in the past year for Pvt James P Simpkins show that there is no James P Simpkins here and that there never has been CoOrdination of Air Sea Forces Shown By LOUIS F KEEMLE United 1ress Analyst The great American naval vic tory in Ihe Solomons while nol necessarily decisive e c r t a i nly puts brighter aspect on the American position In the Pacific and might even serve to shorten the war there The score as announced by the navy was 23 ships to eight in oui favor The engagement has been com pared by sonic comments t o i to the battle o Jutland m th last w a i W h c t h OLth comparison j justified il i too soon to lei If H wcr justified t h importance o the victor would be Ire mcnclous The British were in sense dc tea led hi the battle o Jut In nd since they lost moi ships and more men than til Germans Yet it proved to be decisive victory because 111 German fleet retreated to hon waters and was out of action o the remainder of the Naval men do not think 11 Japanese fleet although routed in this major action will retire permanently They expect the to steam out again in force i only to save Our naval ability and the line co ordination C surface and air power has been demonstrated in his latest bailie ns it was previ ously in the Coral Scu and at Midway KEEMLE F R TO SPEAK TUESDAY NIGHT WASHINGTON Roosevelt will address the nation Tuesday night at oclock central war time The presidents broadcast scheduled in connection with the New York Herald Tribunes an nual forum will give him an op portunity if he so chooses to discuss recent American victories in Ihc Pacific and in the Medi terranean His announced topic if The Creed for i a Free World HEAVY RAIV IN DUBUQUE DES MOINES total of 301 inches of rain fell al Dubuque Monday highlighiifig several days of unseasonably warm weather in Iowa Lesser amounts of prccipi Inlion were reported at sea tiered points through the eastern half of Ihc stale President Roosevelts address Tuesday night will be broadcast by Station KGLO Weather Report FORECAST JIASON CITY Somewhat cooler Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday forenoon lowest Tuesday night Mason City 25 and 20 in surrounding country IOWA Nol much change in tem perature T u e s d a nightanc Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Slightly colcler Tucsday night and Wednesday forenoon TN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 6ft Minimum Monday night 32 At 8 a m Tuesday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 40 When the Japanese appear again in force there is a good chance that there will be a de cisive action Two striking things sland out in accounts of the Solomons battle One and a rather amazing one is that the Japanese employed no aircraft carriers That is a serious handicap in naval warfare as it is fought these days Admiral Chester Nimitz gave full credit to our carriers and their planes for their part in JJic battle It seems likely lhat they contributed to the victory The absence of Japanese car riers means cither that the enemy losses in that category have been greacr lhan we estimated and that they have none in serviceable condition or that they are hus banding what they have left for future action The other interesting thine about the battle is the perform ance of the battleships which were used by both sides After some of Ihe previous Pacific engagements some people were virtually writing the battleship off ns an obsolete weapon The Washington program of building several super battleships was cancelled or deferred however told reporters lhat navys failh in the bat tleship bad been justified by this engagement He said Ihcy con tributed considerably to Ihc losses inflicted on the enemy U S WINS 2ND ROUND AS KNOX WARNS OF 3RD Americans Win in Spite of Superior Numbers by Foe in Battle Theater WASHINGTON if Navy Knox said Tuesday that the United Stales clearly bad won round two ot the battle for Ihc Solomons islands but that ii must not be forgotten thai there may be a round three The secretary called last weeks American naval victory cost the Japanese 11 warships and 12 other vessels sunk and ships major action but nol a decisive one f We have at be moment Knox said in response lo a press conference question naval su premacy around Guadalcanal He declined lo claim more ad vantage than that strategically but commenting on the overall result ot Ihe greatest naval en gagement since the battle of Jut land in the World war said thut it leaves American forces in complete and undisputed posses sion of the GuadalcanalTulagi area and of the island of Guadal canal and the airfield there and has caused the enemy very se vere losses bolli in ships and per sonnel The effect of hose losses Knox said obviously will be hurlful lo Ihe Japanese navy but he de clined io say that the Jap fleet had been crippled Xo dodbt he declared the processes of attrition op crate more against them than against us Remember thai we build faster with our greater resources than they do But re member also that the Japanese operate pretty much in home waters and adjacent waters Our navy is spread all over the seven seas While the Japanese fleet lias suffered severely In late il is still operating in com paratively narrow waters The sccrclnry was asked whelh r if Ihc Japanese come back lo ic southeastern Solomons wilh a trong naval force our forces votild again defeat them He replied lhal We will de eat dont know when r in what action Knox said that the enemy had lad numerical superiority in the heater of action during the period f the battle ending lasl week end itict said the American tri imph had been won in spile of hat NimUz Halscy Calliifihan ami others not only met ami drove from the field a numeri cally superior force but nlso they employed the most daring type of action to accomplish that result he said in the admirals largely concerned Jap Hordes Encounter Disaster in Greatest Fiercest Sea Combat PEARL HARBOR T IL Japans naval hordes swept down on the Solomon islands to disaster in their all out effort to smash American power in the south Pacific When full details of hose three short but fiery en gagements northwest of Guadalcanal on Nov 1315 be come known they will tell a story of not only the greatest naval battles ever staged at but also of the fiercest slugging combats in all naval history v v I think they brought everything they had said Ad miral Chester W commanderiiichief ot the Pacific fleet significantly As a result all the enemy forces were either destroyed or driven back and a major victory was obtained by our gallant forces The admiral said he was certain the victory would result in the immediate strengthening of the hold we now have on Guadalcanal and the BELIEVE 20000 TO 40000 JAPS LOST IN FIGHT U S Dominates Waters j Around Solomons as Crippled Fleet Flees W A SHIN G T O N The LTnitecf Slates navy dominated the battlequickened waters of tiie Solomon islands Tuesday after crushing a mighty Japanese ar mada in an epic struggle whicli might well have broken Hie back expulsion of the enemy from that strategic island The Japs on Guadalcanal 1m said arc suffering from the tack of I wo things Beans and bullets have bands of men in the upper reaches of the island with radio equipment which gives them Ihc advantage ot having re ports on everything we do all Nipponese Lose Battleship of This Type Buy War Savings Bonds ami Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy JAPANESE BATTLESHIP our plans and movements and almost complete data on our operations and forces he toki newsmcu Our problem is to eliminate these observation patrols so we can do something without beina seen We know the enemy i greatly disappointed he didnt set supplies and reinforcements and he is especially lacking in beans and bullets We know we have plenty of men there and ilint Uiey have enough to do the job we set out lo do expel Ihe ami thai our men have the proper punch lo do il Nimitz estimated between 20000 and 40000 Jap troops went clown on Ihc sunken transports which lie described as jammed lull If lie were a Jnp commander 1 be sakl Id be sweating and j blocdin if I had to explain such a loss Our overall losi of personnel was relatively small while thai uf Japan w a s trcmendou he said Wilb a further nolc if optimism Admiral N i in i t z recalled that months ago lie mentioned that we were behind the eightball but now things are looking up all the time I dont think wo are so close to the cighlball now However wo have nol reached the siaKc where we can roam care free over Uic occnn DESTROYED IY FIRE 1IORNMCK Monday night at the Formers Elevator here destroyed tbc building and its sloragc of The UiUil i estimated at more than S23000 by Ross Douds manager f the cle covered bv insiuaucc Stepfan J Kercheff 20 Is Killed in Pacific Action Local Sailor Was at Pearl Harbor During Jap Attack Stepfan J Kerch off seaman 2nd class in the U Snavy was killed in action in the southwest Pacific according to word received Mon day night by his parent Mr and Mrs Steve S Kevcheff KorUi Federal avenue A telegram from Rear Admiral Randall Jacobs chief of naval personnel said that Kcrchcff was killed in action in the perform ance of his duty in the service of his country1 Further details were not given Kercheff enlisted in the navy in Mason City in March 1941 He was assigned to duty at Pearl Har bor Hawaii in October 1941 and was stationed there at the time of the Japanese attack Dec 7 His parents received their last from him on Armistice day He was born in Mason City Jan 12 1922 and attended the Mason City high school Before enlisting STEPFAN J KERCHEFF I in the navy he was employed at Ihe Mason pany City Millwork com of the enemy flccl In a savage threeday con flict tlutl scut the fucs battered naval remnants into hiding 23 Nipponese ships were sunk seven were damagrcd and pos sible 20000 to IDOOO Japanese troiis were lost in the swirl of sunken Inmsporls tf First details of Ihe bntllc that rawed from Nov to 15 were released by tile navy Monday Further reports may boost Ihe staggering toll taken of ene my ships but already the victory was hailed by naval officers un officially as the greatest of the war thus far and perhaps modern times The partial rcporls listed the sinking of a Japanese battleship three heavy cruisers two tight cruisers five destroyers eight cruvfled transports and four car go ships The American losses wuve given as ligiu cruisers and six dcslroycrs Thus in 11 months of war Associated Press records show that 3G5 Japanese ships havr been scut to lie bottom of the Pacific as against 81 American vessels including those at Pearl Ilnrbor Of these losses llfl were Japa nese warships and 50 were American Much of the running sea fight was fought at close range and in darkness So furious was the ac tion that at one time two of three Japanese units that con verged for an attack on prized Guadalcanal island seemed con fused the navy said and were firing at each other Admiral Chester Nimitz commander in chief of the Pacific fleet declared al Pearl Harbor Monday nighl lie believed the Japanese brought down every thing they had As a rcsuH be added all be enemy forces were cither destroyed or driven back and a major victory was obtained by our salient forces While battleships took part in the gigantic naval engagement he Japanese brought no airplane carriers to bear Nimilz expressed belief the fou either had no car riers left or didnt choose to risk them No mention was made as to whether American carriers participated XimiU assertion that hntb sides had battleships and that our battleships contributed to the Besides his parents Kcrchcff is loss of the enemy to a great de gree was the first official dis survived by two sisters Jessie at closure of the presence of the big home and Mrs Kcmich Jeffrey U S battlcwagons in the oulh o Clarion l western Pacific fighting So lar ;