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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 16, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEFAftTMCNT OF HISTORY AND DES WO I Nfl j 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LO Associated Press ami United Press Full lised Wires Five Cents ft Copyi MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER IS 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 33 ARMY LOWERS BARS ON DISCHARGES SAYS KNUDSON HOSPITAL FUND NOT NECESSARY Advocates Saving by Moving Inmates to Counties About 25 per cent of the pa tients now in overcrowded state mental hospitals are receiving only custodial care and could be i transferred to county hospitals v which have facilities for them tSate Senator Herman M Knud son declared Friday The appropriation by the last legislature for additional buildings at the state hospitals is an unnecessary expenditure in sisted the Mason City an speaking before the annual meeting of the Iowa Taxpayers association in Des Molnes As chairman the special com mittee created by the last general assembly to study the state and county mental institutions in Iowa he criticized retaining certain patients in the state hospitals capable of discharge because the services they are able to perform are needed at the institution Shortage of medical nursing and attendants help due to low salaries long hours and inadequate ina Reds Take Shots at U S General Shanghai U S China theater headquarters reported Fri day that a train bearing Maj Gen DeWitt Peck first marine divi sion commander was under fire from a communistoccupied north China village Thursday General Peck uninjured requested that U S planes strafe the village if the firing continued headquarters dis closed Headquarters was unable to con firm Tientsin reports that marines aboard the train returned the fire The report of the attack was re ceived by Wedemeyer from Maj Gen Keller Hockey commander of the 3rd amphibious corps Hockeys message said the train was enroute from Tangshan to the coal port of Chinwangtao and that the smallarms fire was com ing from a village 600 yards north of Lwanhsien Hockey instructed Peck to send an emissary to the village to in form the communist leader that If firing continues I wijl order an air strafing mission against the village Rockeys message also reported that 300 yards of track and road bed of the railway had been de stroyed by mines causing several casualties among Chinese work ers No American casualties were reported Wedemeyer in his reply said in part It is desired that you inform the military leader or responsible authority in that village in writ ing both through a carefully se lected emissary and through dropped leaflets that fire from that particular village is endan gering American lives and that such firipg must be stopped After insuring that your warn ing to said military leader or re sponsible authority has been re ceived and understood and should firing that jeopardizes American lives continue you are to takeappropriate military SENATOR KNtTOSON and undesirable housing for the employes at the state hospitals also was pointed out by Senator Knudson At the county level he criticized commitment of patients to the state hospitals without proper and full consideration of the patients hospital seems the easy way out and excessive loads from many counties at the state hospitals due to lack ot fa cilities in those counties for in sane patients He also pointed out inadequate facilities and unwillingness of some county authorities to accept patients requiring extra care or who are unable to perform manual labor The states 4 menial hospitals house approximately 6500 pa tients with facilities for only about 5000 the committee chairman declared on the basis of investi gations which have consumed a major portion of the committee 1 members time since early sum mer County homes have a surplus bed capacity of 3369 patients the committee found and Mr Knud son pointed out that because of less expensive care in county hos pitals the transfer of 1500 pa tients to them would result in a saving of annually to taxpayers The 4 Iowa members of this committee are of the opinion after visiting about of Iowas county homes that the custodial care pro vided in the county homes is at least equal to that now provided by the state at the hospitals he declared He advocated the following program 1 Establish under the board of control a director of all mental institutions clothed with authority to set up programs and practices that will correct existing faults 2 Provide at the 4 state hos pitals the staffs and treatment which will insure incoming pa tients such handling as will per mit their discharge or transfer at the Earliest possible dale 3 In cooperation with county boards arrange for the transfer to the county homes for custodial care present and future patients deemed capable of transfer with a minimum of delay and red tape 4 Arrange for periodic examina tion of Insane patients in the county homes by competent med ical men under state supervision Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy DISCHARGE MEN AT GREAT LAKES The following North lowans were discharged from naval serv ice at the Great Lakes I1L sepa ration center U Albert L Flllenwarth Charlea Cilr Robert D Zierelmater Deeoratt Dixie S Simmons Emmelsburir Charles BTahouse Mason City Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 73TH INFANTRY On high seas 8TH ARMORED On high seas GEN DE GAULLE TO QUIT FRENCH PRESIDENT JOB Last Minute Effort Underway to Stop Generals Retirement Paris Gen De Gaulles office announced Friday he had decided to resign as interim pres ident of France because of a head lock with communists over forma tion of a government but frantic negotiations in the capital indi cated a last minute effort was be ing made to prevent the generals retirement The designation Hadnot been submitted to Felix Gouin presi dent of the constituent assembly an hour after it was reported due Officials and members the assembly were engaged in hurried negotiations throughout the after noon after De Gaulles decision was disclosed by his aides At press conference called at the ministry of information was jammed by reporters expecting to hear a communique announcing the generals resignation Instead an official of the min istry read a brief statement No letter has been presented by Gen De Caulle to the presi dent of the chamber official communique has been issued by the president of the govern ment He added informally that if of ficial news is issued it will be is sued here probably within the next hour and a half This statement was made at a m central standard time Previously De Gaulles office had announced that De Gaulle had decided to resign and that the resignation would be placed in the chambers hands atnoon eastern standard timeiThe asseinbly expectecVpn the basis of thaiTan nouncemerit to meet Saturday to act on the to accept itand elect a new presi dent or reject it EISENHOWER WELCOMED AS WITNESS Gen Dwight D Eisenhower right smiles as he is welcomed as witness before House military committee by Chairman Andrew J May The general urged compulsory peacetime military training AP Wirephoto Eisenhower Urges Army Navy Merger Washington IP General Eisenhower said Friday that unless the armed services are placed under a unified command we may enter another emergency in a time to come as we did at Pearl Harbor The European theater commander told military com tee in prepared testimony thafluls nation must preserve a bal 26TH INFANTRY At Pittsburgh in Oise sector Camp 89TH INFANTRY In Le Havre area ready date Nov 28 29th 100th 36th 73th 90th infantry 12th armored 101st airborne and 16th corps Alerted for movement Set Bond Election Des nioines The city coun cil Thursday set Dec 12 as the date for a special election on pro posed issuance of not more than in bonds to construct and equip a veterans memorial building Belsen Beast Convicted in 9 Week Trial Luenebnrg Germany IP A British military court Friday con victed Josef Kramer the Beast of Belsen and 29 other S S defendants of committing atroci ties and brutalities at the Belsen and Oswieeim concentration camps Fourteen others including 5 women were found innocent at the climax of the 9week trial iTwo of the major defendants convicted with Kramer who had commanded both the Belsen and Oswiecim camps were Dr Fritz Klein and blonde Irma Grese 22 year old guard The 14 found innocent were then removed and defending of ficers began pleas in mitigation The court is expected to sen tence at least some of the con victed group Saturday The sen tences may range from fines and imprisonment to death by shoot ing or hanging Russia Has to Atom ontrol Plan anced adequate measure of our land sea and air power lest we lose the peace we have so dearly bought In World war 1 1 lie said the United States had toschieve the change from joint to unified command the hard way He added I know that our efforts have met with failure without unity of direction No system of joint command could possibly have brought victory to our cause Shortly before Eisenhower tes tified Senator Hill D Ala said Admiral Chester W Nimitz Pa cific navy commander who flew to Washington for a naval confer ence would appear before the committee Saturday a m is expected to enlarge upon navy arguments against any merger of the armed forces Eisenhower said unity of land sea and air forces under his com mand was not easily achieved He added that he thought the difficulties grew directly from the traditional separation of the army and navy which is the in evitable outcome the present organization of our military de partments Separation at the top necessar ily fosters separation all along the REVEAL CONVOY SYSTEM BEFORE PEARL HARBOR U S Navy Ordered System 12 Days Before Jap Attack Washington The navy or dered the convoying of merchant shipping in the Pacific 12 days be fore the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a senatehouse in quiry committee learned Friday Admiral T B Inglis put into the record of the disaster investiga tion a copy of an order issued Nov 25 1941 by Admiral Harold E Stark then chief of naval opera tions Stark instructed naval officials at San Francisco to route all mer chant shipping in a southern route and to provide necessary escort Inglis testified copies of the or der went to Admiral Husband E Kimmel commander in chief the fleet at Pearl Harbor and others In a series of rapidfire ques tions Senator Ferguson R Mich established that at least 2 convoys were on the Pacific in the week before the Japanese attack He asked Inglis if any German submarines or surface vessels were in those waters and the ad miral said he thought not Inglis testified that the heavy cruiser Fensacola was convoying 8 ships west bound He did not mention the makeup of the other convoy Ferguson asked Inglis to obtain information on the whereabouts at that time of the cruiser Boise which the Michigan senator indi cated he thought was convoying a number of ships including the merchantman American Leader A Japanese message itoTokyo intercepted nearly a Pearl Harbor described the late President RooeveltasbeJieving then that rJapan would be onthe King Reveals Navy Not Set for RigFight Washington navys chief of operations told a congres sional committee Friday that the United States navy is not now pre pared to fight a major battle if it were necessary to do so The statement was made by Fleet Admiral Ernest J King in response to questions by house militarycommittee members after he had endorsed universal mili tary training legislation King had commented that the rate of demobilization of the navy had resulted in disintegration of units Asked by Rep Leroy Johnson it the disorganization was such as to render the navy un able to fight a major battle im mediately if necessary King re plied Im afraid I will have to say yes to that question The navy the admiral said is not the going concern H had ex pected to be because of speedy de mobilization and it is more or less disintegrated N I dont want to be taken too lit erally on that he cautioned but I dont know any other way to ex press it Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Auto Industrys Big 3 UAW Clash on Pay Raise Demand Detroit automobile industry and the CIO Auto Workers union appeared no nearer to a peaceful solution of the wage prob lem Friday as further peace feelers stood rejected and sharp verbal blasts were hurled by both sides In fact the simultaneous entry of all the Big3 car companies into the dispute onJy served to emphasize the difference between them and the union on the latters 30 per cent wage increase demands This was the picture as 2 of the Big 3 General Motors and negotiations with the UAWCIO after a day filled with wage discussions conferences and formal state ments General Motors latest offer a general 10 per cent increase above current levels for all hourlyrated employes was turned down by the union as a streamlined ap proach to inflation Chrysler Corp was accused by a onion leader as being hellbent towards destroying genuine col lective bargaining relations The charge followed Chryslers request to discharge or otherwise discip line workers taking part in un authorized work stoppages The Ford Motor companys statement demanding nostrike guarantees and Increased produc Replying to what he said were criticisms ot the unification pro posal Eisenhower went on I am told that the task of the civilian secretary who would pre side over such a department is beyond the capacity any man If this were true then it follows that no man has the capacity to assume the presidency of the United States As to statements that creation of a single department would sub ordinate one service to another he the result in Africa and Europe such fears to be groundless To arguments that Germany had a single military department and yet lost the war Eisenhower replied The facts are never hai such a that Germany sinelc depart tivity by union workers was as sailed by the union as a union busting and strifeprovoking doc ument Whether these developments would lead to a strike in the near future remained to be seen OFFICIALS MUM ON CAR PRICES Washington the of ficial word Friday on when price ceilings for new automobiles will be announced The OPA studying fresh cost information submitted by dealers is declining to crawl out on any more limbs with predictions about the lonfTawaited announcement Price Administrator Chester Bowles had said ceilings for some makes of cars would be disclosed Thursday but cancelled that plan to take a good look at dealers new ment or even unity of direction except in the fuehrer himself On the contrary the luttwaffe was commanded by Reichsmar shal Goering who was second only to Hitler and the successive chiefs of the German genera staff were never able tq achieve anything approaching unity of di rection of the three components the nazi fighting machine One of the major contributing factors to the nazi defeat was the utter lack of unified direction over the luftwaffe and the wehr arguments that they cantabsorb any price increases manufacturers granted US REJECTS BULGARIAN VOTE Washington Unitec States Friday informed the Bui garian government that it does no believe the elections scheduled fo Nov 18 will be truly democrat I ic and that they therefore wi to not promote the conclusion of peace treaty with that nation move soon r j By JOHN M mGHTOWER Associated Press Correspondent Washington Russia held ic key Friday to success or failure f the AngloAmerican atomic ontrol program American offi ials say the next move is up to Moscow Hence the immediate future is iewed as an extremely critical eriod by those who regard the ex stence of the atomic bomb as robably the foremost problem of iplomacy in the world During this period the ability of he great powers to work together n the united nations for the pre vention oC war is bound to under o a severe test The outcome of he test may well determine vhether the united nations will be strong and effective organiza ion in the years ahead This in turn may have much to lo with whether the world wakes up some morning to find itself in an atomic war with several of its major cities already blastedout of existence President Truman Prime Mlnis er Attlee of Britain and Prime Minister MacKenzieKing of Can ada laid the groundwork for the est Thursday with their proposal hat the united nations organira ion create a special commission on atomic energy Russias reaction may either be made known quickly or withheld until the united nations holds its organization meeting at London This came to light Friday as the congressional inquiry into the Pa cific military disaster entered its second day of public hearings The message sent by Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura on Nov 10 1941 quoted a certain cabinet member as having told Nomura that Mr Hoosevelt and the then Secretary of State Cordell Hull did not believe the impend ing peace conferences would al ter the tense diplomatic situation The peace conferences were shortly to begin with Nomura and Special Envoy Sabura Kurusu representing the Japanese govern ment In a message that was decoded and translated by U S army in telligence 2 days after it was sent Nomura said that on November 9 a cabinet member had talked to him Without naming him the Japanese ambassador quoted the cabinet official as follows Yon are indeed a dear friend of mine and I tell this to you alone The American government Is receiving a number of reliable reports that Japan will be on the move soon The American govern ment does not believe that your visit on Monday to the president r the coming of Mr Kurusu will liave any effect on the general ituation When Nomura protested that neither the Japanese government nor its people desired a war with the United States the cabinet member was quoted as replying Well our boss the president jelieves those reports and so does he secretary of state The Nomura message sent after he ambassador had been advised by Tokyo that Nov 25 was the deadline for concluding negotia tions with the United States was me ot a series made public by he congressional investigating committee MORE SOLDIERS ARRIVE IN U S Newport News Va following North lowans were due to arrive here on the West Point First LI Florence E Thompson Uoion Set Raymond Albers Woden Cpl Harold C Johnson Ntw Illrapton Firil Lt W Meier Fenlon First Lt Paul W Thompson Burr Oik 5gl Edward F Sljtuflacner Mason City Carroll D Anderson Northwood T4 Flared V Curion Aciley SjtSleven C MlcuUnieh Oehrein FJc John W Alberi Bclmoiid S Bit Elmer t Stell Ilumbaiat 8 SltJames B Howard Creteo On the 55rmBrown due at New York was the following North lowan S Sit Raymond A Turner neeorah Due on the Tristram Dalton due at Boston Wednesday were the following North lowans 1 Ffe Carl L Taylor Hampton T Robert E Void Northwood Cpl Eugene MKillleson Mason City Due to arrive at Newport News on the Elgin Victory were the fol lowing North lowans Stt Jerome A Anderson Iowa Falls Cpl Allen P Billings Mason Cltr On the Joseph Hewes arriving at New York was the following North lowan M Sit Peter C Baklter Ackley On the Montrose due at San Francisco were the following North lowans T Set Howard Barloul Luverne S 5ft Melvln J Neppe Esthervllle Cpl Clarence J Lavelle Mason City during the first week in January Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly fair and mild Friday Friday night and Satur day Lowest Saturday about 3D Iowa Considerable cloudiness Friday through Saturday with scattered showers Saturday Warmer Friday and Friday night Colder north portion Saturday afternoon Minnesota Mostly cloudy Friday with occasional light snow north portion Saturday cloudy and rather cold clearing south portion afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 37 At 8 a m Friday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 37 Precipitation 10 SOLDIERS WITH 3 CHILDREN DUE FOR DISCHARGE Points Will Drop to 55 on Dec 1 for Enlisted Personnel Washington war de partment announced Friday that all army enlisted men with 3 or more children under age 18 will be discharged upon request This was one of several changes in discharge regulations which the department said will release an additional 783000 persons In addition to a slight reduc tion in point scores for discharge of enlisted men and officers and enlisted WACS effective Dec 1 the changes Provide for length of service regardless of age as a discharge factor and release of all married WACSboth officers and enlisted women who enlisted prior to May 12 1945 Under system beginning Dec 1 here are the qualifications for discharge MALE ENLISTED PERSON points as computed on Sept 2 instead ol the present or 4 years of honorable mili tary service or 3 or more chil dren under 18 years In addition previously established factors will remain in effect which make a soldier eligible for discharge if he is 35 36 or 37 years old and has completed 2 years of service or is 38 years old regardless of length service ENLISTED WACS points instead of or those who are married and who enlisted prior to May 12 Previously established rules make a WAC eligible if she is 35 36 or 37 years old and has 2 years of service or is 38 years old regardlessof service MALE OFFICERS excluding medical department points insteadof 75 or4 years and 3 months of military service Officers will continue to beeli giblefor discharge if they are 50 or over The present score ot 37 points for WAC officers left un changed the only new provision being the marriage clause WAC officers will continue to be eli gible for release if they are 40 years old The army said it will continue discharging surplus personnel in this country who are not qualified for overseas duty even though they do not have enough points for release Other factors for dis charge including hardship or de pendency or importance to the national health safety or interest will remain in effect The army said that further an nouncement concerning medical department discharge factors will be made before the middle ot De cember Strike Picture At a Glance 277000 Workers Idle By UNITED PRESS Strikes and shutdowns idled more than 303000 American workers Friday The major disputes drivers and helpers began a walk out which stopped truck shipments on lines operating from Chicago through Minnesota North and South Dakota Iowa Missouri Ne braska Kansas and part ot A strike oj 500 AFL Teamsters in Denver crippled transcontinental motor freight service Bus driv ers strikes snarled transit in Staten Island N Y and Tulsa Okla Automobile Workers CIO charged the major auto manufacturers with forcing a costly and terrible strike throughout the industry following a halt in wage negotiations with the General Motors Corp steelworkers went ahead with plans for a nation wide strike vote before the end of the month in support of demands for a wage boost strike of machinists and bakery wagon drivers held up milk and bread deliveries in the San Francisco bay area San Francisco grocery clerks prepared to walk out Saturday over de See Move by Chiang Force in Manchuria Peipins Chiang K a iS h e ks nationalist troops will begin a mass move ment quite soon into Manchuria in air transports turned over to China by America a spokesman at Chiangs field headquarters said Friday Their destination will the main airfield at Changchun capi tal of Manchuria which uncon firmed reports say is in ihe hands of Chinese communists following a withdrawal of the Russians An official Chinese govern ment dispatch received at Chung king said Russians had yielded control of Changchuns postal and telegraph facilities to a handful of Chinese government authorities and indicated that the Russians have not yet completed their planned Chiangs men are opposed in ground movement toward Man churia by Chinese communists and the presence of the commu nists in 2 JManchurian ports evac uated by the Russians recently caused ships of the U S seventh fleet to pull away without putting ashore the nationalists on board Davenport Company Asks FFC to Operate Broadcasting Station Washington fP The Daven port Iowa Broadcasting company asked communications commis sion authority Friday to operate a radio station on 750 kilocycles 250 watts daytime hours and the Cowles Broadcasting company of work stoppage among AFL lumber workers who left their jobs 8 I Des Moines asked permission to weeks ago in demands for an industrywide minimum hourly operate a FAI frequency modula Wa6e Ition station mands for a weekly pay raise Prospects brightened for settlement of an 8week ;