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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 16, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISrOBY ANO ARCHIVES CES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS HOME EDITION uum T MCTIOS ONE NO 32 ALLIES POUR INTO TUNISIA Warships Sparring in New Solomons Battle ALLIES CLOSING IN ON JAPANESE BASE AT BUNA Nipponese Launch Determined Effort to Retake Solomons Posts WASHINGTON and American warships sparred with each other in a battle of maneuver Monday as allied jungle lighters closed in on the cnemy strorighold at Buna New W The navy reported lliat a de termined effort was under way by the Japanese to recapture positions in the Guadalcanal Tulagi area of the Solomon islands but said details would be withheld until the outcome of a running sea battle was de cided The action at sea was described as hit and run hide and seek touch and go Numerous enemy surface forces are active in the southeastern Sol omons in an attempt to reinforce the enemy troops now on Guad canal and to disrupt our delivery of supplies to our forces which nowoccupy shore positions in this area the engagements are continuing While official details were lack ing here the German radio broad cast a Tokio dispatch declaring tile fight would decisively in fluence the whole war situation and JM Makin Australian navy minister said in Melbourne that the outcome might determine whether Australia is invaded Continuing their ceaseless hammering of enemy ships and supplies throughout the area al lied bombers under Gen Doug las MacArthnrs command threw an umbrella over American and Australian ground troops as they converged for an attack on Buna The Australian and American columns are in contact with each other and are jointly moving in to attack said a communique The enemy under command of Lieut Gen Tomatcrc Horii now faces the allies to the west and south with the jungle and the sea at his back Our air force is attacking without respite No mention was made of an enemy convoy previously reported off New Georgia Island northwest of Guadalcanal which apparently was aimed at strengthening the Japanese forces that have been trying vainly to recapture Hender son airfield Try to Clear Up Position of Darlan LONDON IffA number of British diplomatic and politica advisers have reached French north Africa to help clear up the ambigious situation revolving about Admiral Jean Darlan the former Vichy vice premier and defense chief Darlan with the cooperation of American military officials who found him in Algiers has an DeGaulle Takes No Part in Parley LONDON Charles de Gaulle and he fighting French committee which he heads announced officially Mon day they were taking no part in allied negotions with Vichy representatives in North Africa The statement followed a confer ence between DC Gaulle and Prime Minister Churchill It added that the fighting French would not accept decisions made by the British and Americans in North Africa should the nega tions result in arrangements which would in effect confirm the Vichy regime in North Africa One 12000 ton transport in this convoy was reported set afire by allied attackers Heavy bombers also scored di rect hits on two enemy ships in the harbor at Habaul New Brit ain and started fires in the supply dump area at Malaguina and in the docks area where eight ex plosions were observed Second Round of Battle Is Raging WASHINGTON The sec ond round of the battle of the Sol omons raged on land sea and air Monday with belief increasing that this time there may be a showdown engagement between American and Japanese naval forces which Include battleships Hints of the scope of the battle came from the Pacific area Mac Arthurs airmen have reported a Japanese invasion fleet packed to the gunwales north of Guadal canal Dispatches from New Guinea quoted flyers as saying the convoy was so large we never were able to view the entire thin at one time The only definite reports of the present fighting came from the axis radio which invariably gerates claims of damage to op ponents Tokio radio reported that six allied cruisers and one de were sunktwo uisers and three destroyers damaged and 19 aircraft shot down It admitted the loss of two destroyers and damage Jo one battleship Buy War Savings Bonds and nounced that he was taking over French interests in north Africa in the name of Marshal He also has named Gen llonore Giraud the former prisoner of war whom the Ger mans found too slippery to hold as army chief in north Africa i position which American mili lary authorities previously had announced he would occupy Petain in Vichy was said by the radio there to have rebuked Dar lan for declaring an armistice with the allies repudiated Dar lan s assertion that he was actin m the marshals name and ac cused him of going contrary to orders in allowing French troops to oppose axis forces Darlan Sunday night replied that Petain no longer dared ex press his real thoughts since the Germans have occupied all France Monday the Vichy radio said Petain had declared Darlan in tncia id it stripped ot his public functions ei of know ne and military commands makn NAZI WINTER TO BE GRIMMEST SINCE 18 DAYS But Military Machine Is Mighty Will Fight Until It Is Smashed EDITORS NOTE The fol lowing dispatch has been writ ten by Joseph W Griffj Jr United Press staff correspondent who within the past five months has seen at first hand both Germany and Great Britain at war He was for three years until Pearl member of the United 1ress Berlin staff After release from internment in Germany last May he was assigned direct o London He lias just returned to the United States after five months cover tag Britain at war By JOSEPH IV GEIGG Jr NEW YORK lUKIThe British are eating better today than the Germans were on Sept 1 LJIJII 11 1939 the day Adolf Hitler marched into Poland and began the war Great Britain faces its fourth war winter well fed well clothed more confident than ever of vic tory and with high morale The Germans see before them the grimmest winter since 1918 Their homes wilt be unheatcd they will be poorly clad and fed at little better than subsistence level They already are war weary and disspiriled Their military machine how ever still packs uemencious strength There is no reason at present io doubt they will on fiercely until has been The muddle is partly occa sioned by the alarm in Fighting French quarters over even a temporary recognition 1 e in given Darlan who headed the Vichy government under Petain when collaboration with Adolf Hitler was the suiding policy of the hotelroom eovernment Some allied governments in carried II exile have expressed the belief that recognition of Darlan in the north African situation was pure ly a military expedient to expedite an armistice with the French forces that otherwise re main loyal to Vichy and that he soon would be supplanted by Gen eral Giraud or some other French leader whose loyalty to the al lied cause is unquestionable Flandin Pucheu Join New Regime LONDON rapidly growing proallied French regime m ivjorth Africa Monday was joined by Pierre Etienne Flandin former French premier and Pierre Pucheu minister of interi or in one of the Vichy govern ments f The arrival of Flandin and Pucheu in North Africa was announced hy fighting French sources here V What part these lenders would Play in the new North African French setup was not certain Flandin was closely identified in the prewar era with policies of appeasement and closer Franco German relations He attracted wide attention when he sent a telegram to Adolf Hitler after the Munich conference tri bute to the nazi leaders peaceful solution of the European crisis Pucheu had an equally long close collaboration vvnth Germany beinfr the first french industrialist to line up nis plans for German war pro duction after the FrancoGer man armistice 1 smashed on the field of battle A balance sheet of food clot li ng morale and general living conditions at the beginning of the ourth war winter is overivhelm ngly in Great Britains favor Both Britons and Germans find t hard to get n drink at all In rcrmany you have to be a black market expert or high up in the larty to get anything it all in England it is largely a mal the ropes and known if you onlStriPes Over North Africa i i i n MLLlim don to the U S by cable McMibsh iNcwsrcels association was sent from Loii Rear Admiral Callaghan Is Killed in Solomons Action Detailed Report Yet to Be Received on Loss of Cruiser Commander WASHINGTON navy if making yourself wnnt to get a ctrink of Scotch A bottle of Scotch costs around S6 today pr about double the pre war price You can buy a bottle only if you are registered at a dealers and the dealer wont register you unless you are known to him V Britain as a result of American lendlease food shipmenfs probably 15 the best fed country in Europe except Tortucal V On paper there is not a great deal to choose between the basic food rations in Britain and Ger many Meats fats eggs and sugar are rationed m both countries down to a bone minimum designed to maintain health and morale of troops and home front at an ef ficient level if you eat in n restaurant Germany you have to give up coupons for practically every thing including potatoes Two ciays a week arc meatless and on the others only a fieldkit chen stewcontaining a micro scopic piece of meat or none at all is served The restriction on restaurant meals in Great Britain is that not more than three courses may be served The basic British meat ration of about 12 ounces sliEhtly less than the German ration can be more than doubled by addition of unra tioncd liver kidney and satt saitc iud by American Icnd Icase canned meals released midcr a points system The Ocrmans have no such way of stretching their meat ration The British cheese ration re Iwlt the ji nc 11 iiv y announced Monday that Rear Ad miral Daniel J Callaghan former naval aide to President Roosevelt lad been killed in a night action n the Solomon islands where he was serving as commander of a cruiser force Callaghan 52 was naval aide to the president from 1938 until April 1941 when he assumed command of the San Francisco He was in Pearl Harbor xvhere his ship was undergoing repairs when the Japanese attacked Dec took the cruiser to the south Pacific and more recently was chief of stall to Vice Admiral Robert I Ghormley when the latter was commander of United naval forces in the south A navy spokesman describing Callaghan as a great gunnery man and a fine seaman said that which he was killed have not ye been received by the navy It was a recent action however during the current critical gle for possession of the south eastern Solomons now in its sixti day Callaghans home was ii Oakland Cal Cedar Rapids Sells Airport Bond CEDAR RAPIDS M The Cedar Rapids city council Monday sold a airport bond issue to the Merchants National bank of Cedar Rapids on an interest rate of lii per cent plus premium There were six other bidders SENTENCE 2 TO DEATH BERLIN From German Broad M TWO persons have ocen sentenced to death and 58 mpnsoned following trial in Stara Bulgaria on charges ot nurdcr and sabotage preparatory wrjvu njy tu j pound weekly more than te majority of Britons were able to consume In Germany the ration s a quarterpound monthly toffee tea and chocolate have virtually disappeared in Ger mang since the beginning of the of a pound for offce and a pound for lea re offered on the black market Chris Thomas Jr Killed in Action in Solomons Fight I mirn Iowa Marine Was Former Resident of Mason City Chris Thomas Jr 25 former Mason Cityan was killed in action in the Solomons according to word received here Saturday by M Mrs HG Martin B05 North Federal avenue No details of his death were given in th communication from the war de partment The last letter received from l bomas who was a member of the U S marine corps units partici pating in the battle for the Solo mons arrived here Nov 1 and was written Del 16 Thomas was born on the Havvev Bryant farm five miles west oi Mason City and attended rural school at Emery crossing He was a graduate of Floyd highschool Laer he moved xvith his family to Waterloo where he enlisted n the 1341 eiuisieo jn marine corps in CHRIS THOMAS JR Thomas is survived by his par ents in Waterloo where his father is employed by the John Deer company and by three brothers in the S navy One brother Frank Thomas was cited for bravery at Pearl Harbor Two brothers are stationed on the Atlantic coas one a seaman 1st class and the other on patrol duty on a navy bomber BULLETINS LONDON ffiv m a source Reuters in London saio iommel ivas rcporfed to be Munich where he had been called on the carpet by Hitler LONDON said Monday it had recorded a broadcast by he Morocco radio reporting that Adolf Hitler bad ordered German forces in Tu nisia to hold on at any cost BERLIN B c r I i radio broadcast a DNB dispatch that the axis troops had counler alfackcd against United States forces In the French prolcctorl ate with fighthiK centered at a point which the Germans de scribed as important stratcirieal 1 and This miEht be the Bizerle naval base one of the major prizes in Tunisia W V LONDON Beirut reported Monday that a big al lied convoy whose tonnasc would total six fijrurcs had ar nyed 4 Algiers from Britain without loss U S Advances on Key Base of Bizerte By EDWARD W BEATTIE LONDON powerful AngloAmerican force drove into Tunisia Monday its advance guards clashing with aii estimat ed 10000 axis troops in the Bi zerte neighborhood amid reports of a major naval battle off the African shore and indications that Adolf Hitler may attempt to shoot the works in an effort to block allied control of Africa and the Mediterranean An allied communique broad cast over radio Morocco reported the allied force spearheaded by the British first army is pushing eastward as rapidly as possible Other reports placed ifs van guard already close to the key French air bases around Bizerte which Lieut Gen Kenneth A N Anderson said were the ini tial objectives of his trootis The axis radio claimed that it least part of the Italian stiffened with rnizi warshipshad gone into action against an Anglo American naval force in the wa ters off the Algerian coast Anderson reported that 10000 axis troops already are ashore in Tunisia largely concentrated at the air bases for which his speedy armored columns are driving The nazis were pouring nil power and reinforcements inlo Tunisia despite heavy planes thus far off the Tunisian coast or blasted on the ground at Tunisian airdromes Allied observers believed this indicated that Hitler has chosen to attempt to meet the allied threat in Africa with a major effort in an attempt to keep the vital jump ing oft ground for an allied offen sive against the European main land out of Britisharid American hands if Already according to reports by the Bern radio the Italians arc maintaining a close witrli aloiif their IOIIR vulnerable coastline for any allied invasion thrusts It was believed doubtful hal the Germans have any nava strength except submarines anc possibly some motor torpedo boats in theMediterranean And it also was doubted that Hitler would he able to muster enough force in Tunisia to make possible extended resistance to the allies However it was said that the increased luftwaffe activity incii dated he is throwing into the fight everything he has available much is the British sent their cxpcdi ionary force inlo Greece dcspilu he overwhelming odds against hem Lieut Gen Dwight D Eiscn Gcn Sir Bernard lower 173000 IOWA TIRES TURNED IN Large Quantities Are Gathered at Centers DES M01NES mately 173000 tires have PbeCn urned in to Iowa concentration Imtsby Persons who had more han the five tires per automobile llovved under gasoline rationing Hallway express which is cof ectmg the tires said 78000 had een turned in here 40 000 at Davenport 30000 at Mason City nd 20000 at Sioux City Those re the only places tires are bc ng collected in Iowa Railway Express said 33 000 nl cady had been shipped to ov rnmcnt collection centers from Jcs Momcs and 45000 were still n Persons with more tlian five res were required to turn ih the xtras before they could register or gasoline rationing last week a H DJesserrailway express gent at Mason City said 15000 vcess tires have already been hipped from here and 15000 nore are now on hand with addi onal carload lots expected Buy War Savings Bonds and lamps from your GlobeGazette arricr boy Montgomery it was felt were fully prepared to complete the Kirnllel of the Greek n reverse Marshal Erwin Rommel is esti nated to have about 20000 men eft ot his original Afrika korps lus another 30000 or 40000 Ital ans However most of these men ire communications and base first line fighters FALLS TO DEATH MINNEAPOLIS UR Harold Dlwes 32 fell 40 feet from a scaf folding to his death Sunday white he was buildin cleaning a three story Weather Report MASON FORECAST CITY Cooler lUonclov afternoon becoming consider ably colder Monday night and Tuesday forenoon lowest tem perature Monday night IOWA Somewhat colder Monday and Tuesday forenoon Scat tered light showers cast por tion Fresh to moderately strong winds MINNESOTA Colder Monday night and Tuesday forenoon light to moderate snow north west and extreme north por tions beginning lats Monday night fresh to moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Go Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum r2 32 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 54 Minimum Saturday after noon At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 46 35 YANK AND NAZI TROOPS CLASH FOR FIRST TIME Americans Determined to Give Axis Forces Taste of Dunkerque By JAMBS M LOXG Associated Press War Editor The axis admitted Monday that it had moved German and Italian lorccs into the French protectorate of Tunisia and British and Ameri can fighting men came to grips with them there with an evident determination to give Hitler and Mussolini a taste of Dunkerque An Italian communique said Italianand German troops have landed in Tunis with Ihc ap proval of civil and military French authorities Whatever French civil and mili tary authorities the Italians had in mind in this version they ob viously did not include stout hearted French garrisons of the Bizerte naval base and the Tunis airfields who welcomed the in vaders only with bullets and put up what resistance their limited force permitted Allied sources who had said the axis troops were in Tunisia by the middle of last week estimated that the initial force aggregated 10000 and said desperate attempts were being made to reinforce them by sea and air The British and American as sault force from eastern Algeria streamed across the border into the attack apparently ready tot any issue and able to back up its bid for Bizerteaiid Tunisiawilli powerful force V This was the first regular ac tion lv UiiiteiJ Slates sroimrf troops against the Germans since lie closing ilajs Or World war 1 when the douffliboys and their French allies smashed through German defenses alone he aicuse river and drove through the Argnnnc forest in an offen sive lhat ended with the arm istice of Nov ii 1018 V In the new meeting the Ameri cans were part of a predominately British assault force under Lieut Oen K A N Anderson who de clared he wanted to smash cast us quickly as possible and kick Rommel in the pants hi coopcr with the British eighth army from Egypt Elsewhere on the European Amcvm Karfjonts Field Marshal Rommel was re ported still in flight racing doun the from Beugari to ilj Aghcila where he was expected to try one more stand on the battle field where iio stopped another British army in 194 ia battle re than 500 costly miles from Alamein Egypt and still 400 miles short of the escape port of Tripoli For the fourth time this month nglish based British bombers brought th war of bombiviought ruin home tu Italy in a 1500 mile voundtrip raid Sunday night on Genoa It was me RAFs seconci aaacl in three nights on the badly battered naval base and supply port for north Africa In Russia the red army struck in apparent determination to iaie advantage of the Germans pre occupation in norlli Africa The Russians beat olf attacks in StalnWa scored gains in the central Caucaiiir and wrested a of great tactical import nnce from the Germans on the front between Lake Ilmen mil Leningrad Kstablishment of contact be tween the Brilisli and American assault force from eastern Al Keria and the Germans and Kalians in Tunisia keystone to control of north Africi and the narrows of he central Medi terranean was announced by the allied controlled Morocco radio at 9 p m Sunday night It was not disclosed immediately wncrc the fighting had started but t seemed likely that the power ill allied force engaged liie enemy Jlope to his chief prizes Bizcrtc 0 miles cast of the Algerian bor ic1 and Tunis CO miles southeast f Buerte and 80 miles from the The Morocco radio said the axis vas working feverishly to get re nforccments by ship and plane nrough to these positions seized ast week despite resistance by trench garrisons which aside Vichy orders and fought the nvadcrs with what force they had General Andersons British American striking forcc crossed ;