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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DF ARCH I VT3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Hi VOL Lm Associated Press United Press full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 15 1946 This Paper Consists of Two One No 32 LEWIS ENDS GOVERNMENT PACT MRS AMERICA AND RUNNERSUP Janice Pollock of Columbus Ohio mother of 4 children is crowned Mrs at Jackson Miss She won contest to select most beautiful married woman of the nation Mrs Fredda Acker of Anderson S Car was named first runnerup and Mrs Donna Vestelle of New York City was named 2nd runnerup Columbus Ohio Mrs America crown weighed heavily on the Pollock household Friday It Should Mrs Janice Pollock 24yearrOld brunette beauty re tain the title and make a 6month tour of the country or abdicate and stay at home with her hus band and 4 children The husband Salesman Mar ion SPollock announced Thurs day night after his wife flew here from Jackson Miss where she won the honor and that she woulcVabdicate Friday morning however he said she might remain on the throne after all Burt Titcomb manager of the contest in which Mrs Pollock was chosen also flew here from Jackson and planned to go into a huddle with the Pollocks He expressed confi dence that Mrs Pollock would remain Mrs America Chiang Opens China National Assembly Without Red Party Calls for Adoption of Constitution Based on 5 Power System of Rule Nanking UR Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek opened Chinas first national assembly in 12 years communistpar called for adoption of a practicable constitution based on a 5power system of gov ernment departments Chiang told the delegates they were taking part in the greatest moment in the history of the Chinese republic He urged them to draft a constitution as early as possible in order to end polit ical tutelage and introduce a con stitutional government Convocation of the assembly over communist objections caused perhaps lapse of peace negotiations Chief Communist Negotiator Chou EnLai immediately an nounced that the communist peace delegation was returning to the communist capital at Yenan He blamed Chiang and the United States for the breakdown in ne gotiations but left the door open for future talks Chou said they maybe some basis for agreement could be found later The national assembly called by the Kuomintang and attended by a token representation of mi nortiy parties had been postponed for nearly 12 years The declared purpose of the rule by the Kuomintang and hasten Chinas longpromised democracy by adopting a con stitution Nearly all the seats were oc cupied by Kuomintang members the remaining 5 per cent were taken by delegates from minority parties The session will continue for 3 weeks after a short recess Six months after the constitution is adopted nationwide elections are scheduled to be held on the basis of universal suffrage to elect a 2nd national assembly The func tion of that assembly will be to carry out the constitution by form ing a democratic government Chiang said the constitution should be based on the three peoples principles and the opin ions of all other parties and peo ples Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Friday night and Saturday with showers be ginning late Friday night and changing to snow flurries late Saturday and Saturday night Abovenormal temperatures un til decidedly colder late Satur day and Saturday night with temperatures 15 to 20 by Sun day morning Iowa Cloudy Friday night and Saturday with scattered show ers late Friday night and Satur day changing to snow flurries and turning decidedly colder late Saturday and Saturday night Temperatures falling to 15 above northwest 25 above southeast by Sunday morning Low Friday night 35 northwest 45 southeast High Saturday 38 northwest 58 southeast Shippers Advisory All above freezing Friday night Saturday night 15 northwest 25 south east Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook The mean temperature will average about 5 degrees below the state normal of 36 degrees Consider ably colder Saturday night and Sunday continued cold until slow warming trend Tuesday afternoon and Wednesday Pre cipitation will average i to i inch occurring as rain Saturday with another rain period Tues day or Wednesday Cloudy Friday night and Saturday with snow flur ries north Friday night and en tire state Saturday Decidedly colder with temperature falling to 5 to 10 above north and 10 to 15 above south by Sunday morning Strong northerly winds Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 51 40 43 30 21 U S Russia Buck Move Against Veto SMALL NATIONS SEEK LIMIT TO BIG POWER ACT United States Urges Major Countries to Hold Off on Veto Use Lake Success N T IP Th United States and Soviet Russi joined Friday in firm oppositioi to a smallcountry move to elim inate or modify the bigpower vet in the United Nations security council Shortly after the United State had opposed any change in th charter but urged the majo powers to limit their use of tin veto voluntarily Soviet Delegat Andrei Y Vishmsky delivered a slashing attack on the leaders o the effort to amend the charter Informed quarters said Frana was raady to propose that the general assemblys 51nation polit ical and security committee SUS pend the hot veto debate while the 5 bigpower permanent mem bers of the security council me lo try to agree on whether any o he proposed modifications of the veto were acceptable France was said to have taken he position that the charter shoulc not be amended but that the big powers might be willing to agree voluntarily on some limitations o he veto use and that it was use ess for the committee to consider the question further until the per manent members ofthe securitj council agreed on a program The bis powers were agreed hat the assembly could only make recommendations and tha any one of the councils perma lent members could reject any or all recommendations with finality Vishinsfcy said that the rule of veto vas first proposed by the late resident Roosevelt and added We recognize that we are fully guilty of being the state which has defended the unan imity of the great powers After severely criticizing Aus ralia Cuba the Netherlands and ither small powers for trying to imend the charter Vishinsky saic hat If this is really a cam iaign of the small against the great nations we should close this Esembly as soon as possible Vishinsky accused the sponsors if the veto proposals of using the pparent war strategy of divid n the enemy but declared thai hese to split the great lowers cannot succeed Referring to the old League of Nations as the leagues of vices nd mistakes he warned that the United Nations must not repeat le leagues mistakes U S S R pledges to work or cooperation iri a peace based n the unity of the great powers e declared Therefore we con ider propositions such as those of Cuba Australia and the Philip ine a great mistake Those 3 nations are leaders in he effort to modify or do away with the veto powers Nankin Changes Mind About Citing Shapely or Contempt Action Washington Rankin DMiss withdrew Friday his nnounced intention to cite Dr larlow Shapley noted Harvard stronomer for contempt of the ouse committee on unAmerican ctivities Instead Rankin said he will re ar what he called Shapleys re usal to answer questions to a meeting of the full committee ext Friday Rankin had announced after an ngry clash with Shapley Thurs ay that the astronomer would fie ited for contempt Shapley coun ered with assertions that Rankin sed star chamber and ges apo methods Jn questioning him bout activities of 4 organizations the recent election campaign Massachusetts omcat Stops Work at 2 Large Plants Kewanee 111 fP A tomcat as blamed for a work stoppage t 2 of Kewanees largest indus ies Thursday The cat walked across power lines and shortcircuited trans formers cutting off electric power for 5 hours at the Walworth Co and the Kewanee Boiler Works The cat was killed See Wreckage of Airplane on High Peak Burbank Cal UR Still smoldering wreckage of a West ern Airlines transport plane which vanished in a storm 2i days ago with 11 persons aboard was found Friday atop a 5500foot peak 60 miles northwest of here Western Airlines Pilot Max Crall who spotted the wreckage said he did not see how there could be any survivors The plane only its tail intact was approximately 200 feet below the tip of Almo peak 12 miles south of Gorman and west of the heavily traveled ridge route high way Brush and scattered timber were burned for a radius of 75 feet The ground was covered with a thin layer of snow A little trickle of smoke still was rising from the wreckage Crall said The wreckage was 25 miles north of Newhall which Pilol Garrell Miller of the wrecked airliner reported passing in his last radio contact at a m PST Tuesday Officials believed a 70 mile an hour southeast wind might have blown him off course U S Is Under Fire in British Party Revolt London demand for an immediate change in British for which has caused a ritical cleavage in the ranks of he ruling labor party will come Defore the house of commons Monday for debate Speaker Doug as Clifton Brown ruled Friday Cabinet sources left no doubl hat they intend to fight with all heir power the proposal by more ban 50 laborite rebels for recast ng British foreign policy so as to avoid what they termed an in evitable conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States It appeared certain that with he full force ofthe government and conservatives under Winston Churchill both lined up behind oreign Secretary Ernest Bevins conduct of foreign affairs the cab net would receive a thumping rote of confidence if the issue comes to a showdown vote The socalled Bevin chasers ponsors of an amendment to the dngs parliamentopening speech rom the throne demanding that Britains foreign policy be tied neither to that of Russia nor the United States have already an nounced they do not intend to press for a vote however SEE JUNKING OF CLOTHING BAN CPA Scraps Program to Boost Low Cost Clothes Washington govern ment reportedly was about ready o junk its ban on 2pants suits md on vests with doublebreasted uits These and most other remain ing wartime clothing restrictions vere reported on the way out be ause the civilian production ad ministration considers them un workable without price control CPA took a step toward decon rol Friday by scrapping its pro ram to increase the output of owcost clothing Under this pro ram manufacturers were com elled to include a large percent ge of medium and low price lothing in their total output According to reliable quarters rders will be issued soon to re move most of the 40odd govern ment controls still binding the lothing industry AP Nircpholo DEMOLITION on hysterically Mrs Louise Osius left sees a workman beginning the demoli tion of about feet of her home in Miami Beach Fla A mistake in calculations in the sale of part of her lot resulted in lengthy court litigation and a ruling for removal of the offending portion Legislative Plan Summary Washington a summaryof the 1337 legislative pro gram agreed upon by the house republican steering committee cuts New army andnavy appropria tions will be trimmed but enough will remain to provide adequate national defense 20 per cent reduction in personal income taxes Governmental Controls and Presidential will end as soon as practicable and the states will receive back the powers be longing to them under the constitution investigation of the housing program further study of proposals for housing legislation but emphatically not punitive labor legis lation is an early necessity Presidential to impose a limit of 2 terms Congressional support of the congressional streamlining act Food republican food study committee will recom mend action to relieve the sugar soap fats and oils shortages Republican Tax Reduction Program Meets Opposition House Steering Group Favors 20 Per Cent Cut in Income Levy Washington republicans swung an axe at taxes Friday but ran into opposition from their own and democratic ranks to any revenue slashes not paired with even deeper cuts in spending Members of the house republi can steering committee eager to ret their partys hands on iative controls for the first time in 14years laid before senate col eaffues a quickly assembled pro gram to take a 20 per cent slice off individual income taxes Changes in business levies would await detailed study Acting while the senators mostly other things about low to block democratic Senator Theodore G Bilbo of Mississippi torn taking his house group went down the line for 1 An 8year tenure for future presidents 2 Constructive labor legisla tion 3 An end to war powers 4 Relief from soap oils and ood shortages and 5 Substantial savings in gov erroent costs The house members supported heir 20 per cent tax cut proposal with a formal assertion that it ould be achieved while at the ame time the current budget can ArmyPenn Fever Runs Amuck Philadelphia shouting surging crowd of young men and estimated at more than 3000 was quelled by approximately 00 police early Friday more than 4 hours after demonstrators con erged on several busy intersections adjoining the University of ennsylvania campus halting traffic fnd upsetting automobiles The disturbance was not attributed by police to university stu ents although police officials said itappeared to be a prelude to ic ArmyPenn football game Saturday While shouts of Penn term for a boisterous stu ent through the crowd several demonstrators cut own trolley pole power circuits halting 6 trolley lines police said Others poured kerosene ori the tracks police added and then et it afire forcing trolley passengers to flee to the curb be balanced and payments begun on the national debt Chairman Robert A Taft of Ohio who led the senate group into its 2nd day of discussion said he agreed that it could be done and that the federal budget could be pared to next year less than this years budget But Senatorelect John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky one of the freshmen who will give the re publicans control of the senate told a reporter he thinks taxes most be maintained at their pres ent level to give the treasury a chance of making payments on the debt And Senator Homer Capehart declared he hopes his Bilbo Speechless Poplarville Miss UR Theodore C Bilbo D Miss who normally gives out com ment freely had a 10 word statement Friday on news from Washington that his seat in the senate may be challenged I have done no wrong and have nothing to say Bilbo re marked colleagues dont go off half cocked in their efforts to bring relief to the taxpayers Capehart who contends he rep resents the viewpoint of the aver age business man said he wants subsidies abolished and 700000 federal workers cut off the pay rolls before the final decision is made on how much to lower levies Senator Allen Ellender volunteered that he and other southerners of like views will give enthusiastic support to any reas onable1 republican move to bring the governments expenses down But they arc going to have to show me that it is justified before I will vote to reduce taxes El 25 Day Old TWA Pilots Strike Ends Washingion UR The 25day old strike of Transcontinental Western air pilots the first major flyers walkout in the history of U S commercial aviation came to an end early Friday when both sides agreed to arbitrate their wage dispute Chairman Frank P Douglass of the national mediation board an nounced the agreement at a m CST after an all night con ference with President David L Behncke of the Air Line Pilots as sociation AFL and TWA Pres ident Jack Frye The pilots agreed to return to work and submit remaining dif ferences to a 3man arbitration board which will begin hearings in Chicago between Dec 19 and 23 The board will rule on pay and work rules for pilots and copilots operating 4engined planes on domestic and international routes Frye said TWA hoped to reach a full schedule of operations with in a few days He said the first schedules would start about 7 a m Saturday on flights originating on both coasts The pilots struck Oct 21 after TWA had failed to satisfy a union ultimatum for rules changes and wage increases averaging a year for flyers of 4engine air SkyMaster and the Constellation The top pay now is about a year Wyatt Seeks U S Probe of Lawyer Deal Washington Ex pediter Wilson Wyatt called upon Attorney General Tom Clark Fri day to investigate a mysterious New York lawyers alleged offer to trade asserted government in fluence for in stock and 5180000 in counsel fees In the background is a many sided dispute involving 1 The 5171000000 government owned DodgeChrysler war plant in Chicago 2 The Tucker Corp of Chi cago a new automobile manu facturing firm 3 The Lustron Corp also of Chicago a prefabricated housing concern 4 Wyatts national housing ad ministration which wants the government to lease the Dodge Chrysler plant to Lustron for the assembly line manufacture of homes for veterans 5 The war assets administra tion which already has leased the huge plant to Tucker Wyatts demand to Clark for an immediate inquiry followed a statement by Preston Tucker head of the auto firm that he had been approached by the New York lawyer with an implied offer to help him in the lease dispute Taking up the story there the lousing expediter said that in less ban Z climactic hours the law yer tried to talk Tucker into signing contracts purporting to affect the success or failure of Tuckers bid for the wartime plant Wyatts statement saidthe law yer presented the contracts to Tucker at noon on Oct 28 and stated that unless they were signed by p m the national housing administration would is sue a directive1 at 2 p m turn ng the plant over to the Lustron Corp Such a directive was issued on that date EXPECTMINERS TO LEAVE PITS AFTER NOV 20 Termination Follows UMW Chiefs Refusal of 60 Day Truce Offer Washington Tru man checked squarely to John L Lewis Friday responsibility for any prewinler soft coal mine shutdown as Lewis promptly moved to end his working contract with the government Lewis action apparently meant that the United Mine Workers will not mine coal after Nov 20 By tradition the miners do not work without a contract and the UMW boss gave formal notice of a termination of the contract un der which the government has operated the mines since last spring Mr Truman announced at p m C S T that Lewis had rejected a government proposal for a 60day truce to permit negotia tions looking to a return of the mines to private ownership The president said Attorney General Tom Clark had ruled that the governments current contract with Lewis could not be reopened unless both parlies agreed Within 20 minutes Lewis of fice made known that the mine leader chief already had notified Secretary of the Interior Krug that the contract will be considered at an end within 5 days that is next Wednesday This notice was based on a previous contract be tween the UMW and the mine owners Your proposal for this oper atorminers conference to super cede the conference now in exist ence since November 1 between Krug and Lewis is sheer folly an empty platitude well known to you so to be read Lewis com Krui The president had called on Lewis for serious reconsidera tion of the proposal under which the seized mines would be re turned to their owners and also 1 Disclosed that Attorney Gen eral Tom Clark has ruled in agreement with Secretary of the Interior J A Krug that Lewis is wrong in his contention that the current contract ran be reopened during the period of government operation 2 Reported that the mine oper ators have accepted the proposal which was put forward by Krug He declared 2 second look wilt convince the United Mine Workers it is for the best interest of all concerned In a formal statement Mr Tru man said the government cannot replace private management as the bargaining agent with the coal miners without interfering with true collective bargaining between management and labor lender told newsmen We better start paying off the tional debt while we can bad Taber Sees Billion ut in Federal Budget 1 Million Worker Slash Washinslon 59000000 000 reduction in the federal budget accompanied by dismissal of at least 1000000 civilian gov ernment workers was recom mended Friday by Rep Taber R N who will head the house appropriations committee in the new congress At a news conference Taber told reporters the 59000000000 is ilie minimum we might hope to save He proposed that the estimated 2300000 civilian employes of the government be reduced by at least 1000000 to effect a saving of This cut he said can be made without damaging the efficiency of the government Young ducks have been known to catch cold when out in the rain too long CIO FACTIONS SET FOR FIGHT Predict Murrays Force Will Achieve Demands Atlantic City N J CIO right and left wing factions lined up Friday for their first test of strength in the resolutions com mittee amid predictions that President Philip Murrays forces would gain all they demand A statement on policy loomed as the most controversial issue but one committee member predicted that even this would win unani mous approval when finally drafted Right and left wingers would not comment on the possible in troduction of a resolution against communist elements in the CIO This issue may be dealt with in the constitutional amendments committee later Unanimous support was assured for policy declarations attacking the Columbians Georgias anti Negro organization and calling for substantial wage increases for the more than 6000000 CIO mem bers Convicted Iowa Doctor Surrenders License Council Bluffs IP Dr James C Anderson of Council Bluffs and Omaha voluntarily surrendered his Iowa physicians license late Thursday to Pottawattamie Coun ty Attorney Don Jackson the county attorneys office disclosed Friday Anderson who is appealing his conviction on a 2nd degree mur der charge in connection with the death of Marian Blyth of Council Bluffs appeared without his at torneys He is free on bail ;