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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 15, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa m Y NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MASON CITY MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THURSDAY NOVEMBER is LABOR PARLEY FROM INDUSTRY Government Official Hints Turndown for Steel Price Raise Washington labor management conference Thursday awaited a promised industry state ment on issues facing the delegates as 2 related developments attract ed attention They are 1 An assertion by a reconver sion official that the government cant possibly grant at this time the full price increase demand of the United States Steel corpora tion Wage negotiations in the steel industryare stalemated over the price situation 2 A suggestion from Senator Knowland for a new ap proach to the entire waee issue based on industrys earnings and lower prices to consumers Business delegates to the labor management conference have re mained silent so far on many points in debate by committees striving for agreement o n methods to smooth recon versions ruffled labor situation But both Eric Johnston presi dent of the United States Eric Johnston Chamber of Commerce and Ira Mosher presi dent of the National Association of Manufacturers have told reporters managements delegates might have theirviews ready Thursday Theyve been busily framing them at nightcaucus sessions after cori ferehce meetings Dathau Germany F 0 r t y Germans charged with torturing and killing prisoners in the notor ious Dachau concentration camp defiantly faced a U S court Thursday in a trial which may cost them their heads An example of rigid military bearing was set for the defend ants by Martin Weiss handsome blackhaired SS officer who once the horror camp bodies Horror Camp Attendants Face War Trial commanded fl s of 200000 persona were consumed crematories upon Weiss to identify himself the German snapped to attention and spit out his name age and other particulars in a sharp voice He stared antagonistically at the 3uwH and held his head t the others mutated his demeanor Each de fendant was given a large white card bearing a number which will serve as throughout the trjal Lt CoL Douglas T Bates of CentervUle Tenn heads defense counsel Prosecution witnesses include former inmates of Dachau brought back from 7 countries to testify The prosecution is headed by lit Col William Denson of New by Capt Richard G McCuskey of Canton Ohio Aiding in the defense will be Capt John A May of Houston McKedwn of Maplewood N J and Capt Dalwin J Miles of Schenectady The 8 officer members of the bach the ioni erehcil was making definite However Conference Secretary the groups executive committee is seeking to spuraction on various issues Under Knowlands proposal labor and management would agree to an initial increase of per haps 10 per cent and then nego tiate a leeway for a possible ad ditional raise This in the case of the auto workers might be the balanceof the 30 per cent they are asking or a 20 per cent lee way Any additional raise how ever would be paid out only as it was earned by industry Yearly bargaining conferences would be held to estimate the coming years business and to agree pa a division of income among workers management stockholders and consumers The latter Knowland said in a letter to the labor secretary would be in the form of lower prices which might advance the general prosperity company and bring larger retorns to all in sub sequent years A final wage settlement based on actual profit would come at the end of the production year Schwellenbach had no immedi ate comment on Knowlands let ter As for the troubled steel indus try the statement that the govern ment cannot accede to the full price increase demand came from anofficial of the office of war mobilization and reconversion who asked that his name not be used tte Position JEHOL MANCHURIA SHANTUNG Tsmgtao O Yellow fTungshan Seo judges and jury They previously sat in a case which resulted in the death sentence for a nazi con can fl The oldest of the defendants 74 year old Dr Klaus Schilling filed an indignant protest through his attorneys against treated fa war Accused of killing hundreds of inmate in malaria experiments he claimed his research was in the interests trial court will serve both Find 7 Dead U S Flyers Yokohama bodies parently were strangled by the Five of the 7 bodies were tttCu ficcks in trip vnivptvirri ii UJMUUU to were Thurda with ropes or recovered from canal roaa near the Tokyo 2 of the ery team under Julius Pearl Harbor Probe Reveals U S Intercepted Important Messages to Jap Diplomats PROPOSE TASK OF CONTROL TO TED NATIONS De 1911 lhe Japanese PeSi Harbor Government try to wind up 1 negotiations b Nov 29 After that things are atitomati ically going to happen the Nov 22 message said fT AP Wirephoto to have Russians Transfer Control to Chinese message iiitercepte and translated by theUniiet States the same day it was trans nutted There was no indication in th opening days evidence and iesti mony as to which branch of the U S government intercepted the messages or what government of ficials were content informed of their menwhile Chinese communists were reported mov by ITSI steel as set forth by President Benjamin JV Fair less Fairless has said the CIO steel workers a day wage increase terms will not be considered un less OPA agrees to allow simul taneously a compensating boost in steal price ceilings FBI IS WORKING ON SUDEN CASE San Francisco top kid nap sleuth of the FBI is working here Thursday on the recent Ais appearances in northern Califor nia of Dickie turn Suden 3 and Thora Chamberlain 15 E J Connelly assistant director of the FBI In Washington D C said Wednesday he had set up headquarters in San Francisco to look into kidnaping aspects of the two cases Connelly coordinated activities of FBI agents in the 1935 hunt for south street fighting flared communists attacked the highway center of Tsaoyang 145 miles northwest of Hankow Associated Press Correspondent Richard Bergholz said communist forces driving to keep nationalists from Shantung had struck less than 12 hours after the Chinese nationalist 8th army began land ingfrom U S transports at the marineguarded portof Tsingtao Shantung liberation airfield 12 miles north of Tslngtao and made a diversionary thrust at the field while destroying two main sections of the Tsingtao Tsinan railroad Berjrholz re Ported Additional thousands of na tionalist troops of the 8th army continued to pour ashore at Tsing tao he said but no major move ment iniand has been started Tsinan a city of 800000 and capital of the rich Shantung prov ince already is virtually besieged by communists and is dangerously short of food and medicine he said Observers in Chungking said that the reported outbreak of fighting in Tsaoyang northwest of Hankow probably signalled a red drive aimed at cutting the Yangtze river route west of Han kow thus preventing any down river movement of nationalist troops The Nov 28 messaEe from Tokyo to Japanese envoys in Washhurton promised that another note to the united States irovernment would DC forthcoming in 2 or 3 days This was to be a Jap reply to the 10point proposal offered by Former Secretary of State Cordell Hull to solve JapU S differences in the Pacific The message said that when th reply is received the negotiations will be de facto ruptured But it warned the Jap envoys not to give any impression that the negotiations were ended They were instructed to say merely that they were awaiting further instructions from Tokyo They out their instruc President Truman and former President Hooverwere the only executives of the United States to be born west of the in t uc tions The reply finally was deliv ered hy them to Hull on Dec 7 Japanese bombs began falling on the American fleet anchored in Pearl Harbor The intercepted diplomatic sages were included in a 253paee document containing some of the message sent by the Japanese government between July l and Another set of Japanese mes sages showed that the Japanese had sent extensive reports from Hawaii to Tokyo listing fleet movements and ship dispositions of the U S forces These documents and a number of others were introduced at the outset of public hearings by the 10man congressional committee They were introduced as exhibits and made available to reporters rs nwere not read or explained aiThursdas heari preliminary testimony by army and navy representatives concern ing fleet dispositions and troop Pearl Harbor jusfprior to tjie aVtack Deployment Timetable Paris UR Thursdays rede ployment timetable 6f U S armv divisions 75th INFANTRY Now shipping out of Marseille 8th ARMORED On high seas INFANTRY At Camp Pittsburgh in Oisesection 89th INFANTRY In Le Havre staging area ready date Nov 28 29th 100th 36th 78th 90th in borne and 16th corps Alerted for movement See story on Page 11 TOPS BOND SALESTd do a lot more than that if it will help bring John home says Mrs John Cookman as Gr fard CheCk In the C0ntest retail sales people in connection with the Victory Loan n the fhe hfk at in the Carl Grupp food store is Jerry Poland chairman of the retailers committee Her incentive Mrs John with the U S navy in Guam He has been in service and an aircraft photo Kand A engr Troops Open Fire in Palestine Rift from antiBritish demonstra Bntish and American pronouncements reaewed 2t Tel Aviv for the 2nd day reports said one person was killed and 50 iuiured Two Persons were killed and 87 wounded Wednesday troops oftheBritisheth Devils V break up crowds and suppress riots Police were reported to have opened fire after fresh rioting broke when Cty Thursday Para chute troops from the city for a time aftev the suppression of riots Wednes day night were returned Thurs day morning when police trucks were stoned advices from Tel Aviv said gunfire Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and somewhat warmer Thursday night and Friday Lowest temperature Thursday night about 30 owa Fair and somewhat warmer Thursday night and Friday Shippers Forecast Northern half 28 southern half 32 Minnesota Fair and warmer south and central portions Cloudy and wanner with occa sional light snow extreme north portion Thursday night and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period endingat 8 o clock Thursday morning Maximum 33 Minimum 21 At 8 a m Thursday Zf YEAR AGO The FBI has declined to state whether either the turn Suden or Chamberlain cases was considered a kidnaping Bay your Victory Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGaxette boy Washington United States and France have begun talks here on the most critical issue now blocking effective allied ad ministration of Germany Frances proposal for nonGerman control of the Ruhr and Rhineland This became known Thursday amid strong Indications thaf Presi dent Traman and Secretary of stalVByrnes are about ready to a sweepingreview of ma administration in Their objective wHl be to try to work out of prevent ing explosive conditions in the reich from getting worse as winter sets in Mr Truman scheduled a confer ence Thursday with Byron Price a special presidential em issary who is just back from a study of the broad question ot relations be tween the bat tered German People and the American occu pation forces A military statement said cas ualties Wednesday included 2 Jews killed 11 Jews injured 14 police injured and 2 soldiers in jured A British foreign office spokes man in London said British army clashes with demonstrating Jews in Tei Aviv were in line with for eixn Secretary Ernest Bevins statement Tuesday that any at tempt to sway the Palestine issue by force would be firmly resisted The British army is preparingto continue meeting any outbreaks with force he declared Furniture presumably looted from the light industries building was being burned in the street the British declared Thousands of persons were said to be milling through the streets in defiance of rigid new curfew restrictions Many shops also reopened in violation of the curfew the an nouncement said Paratroopers of the veteran British 6th airborne division were on duty in the city after quelling riots which cost 2 lives and left 40 injured last night There were unconfirmed reports circulating that a series of explo sions had been heard in Tel Aviv 3 federal Licenses to Sell Hard Liquor Held in Mason City Fay Alambis operator of the Sunnyside Inn 620 6th S and the B P O Elks No 375 122V N Federal are the only estab lishments to pay the federal li cense to sell hard liquor in Mason City other than the state liquor store according to an Associated Press dispatch The liquor store is the only one which can legally sell the intox icating beverages under Iowa Others pay the government liquor tax on the contention that it avoids the possibility of raids by federal agents officers said The report by the federal col lector of internal revenue also shows that the Elks lodge here paid a federal tax on gaming machines Slot machines also are illegal under Iowa law to make these 4 STAYS AT HOME Although many fishermen pre fer to fish in strange waters not so with William Wolthoff of Rein beck During one week he recent ly caught 36 carp from the Black Hawk creek near home The carp weighed from 3 to 9 pounds Eisenhower Soys Russia Wants U S Friendship Esenho told congress Thurs uSSe be e Great Britain Byron Price return of Gen61M jlsen hower has afforded the war and state departments as well as the white house an opportunity for a further check on critical German conditions already outlined during the recent conferences here of Lt Gen Lucius Clay Eisenhowers deputy and Ambassador Robert Murphy his chief political advis or In the light of this here are the two German problems which have soon will to Mr Trumans attention 1 The effective administration of Germany For weeks this has Been hamstrung by French refusal to agree on most measures for in terzone activities until they are assured ofallied support for their Plan to put the industrially rich under an international con important ngtime French occupation Food The German people now are getting about 1500 calor cj a day although experts in Ger many recently sent word here that a minimum of 2000 calories is needed 3 The question of what to do about destroying Germany indus try This issue has reached a criti cal point The Potsdam decision calls for destroying or removing as reparations all German warmak ing industries Some plants fall clearly in this category some clear ly are in the category of peaceful manufacturers but in between is Eirt bulfc of German industry 4 Civilian control There is an increasing demand among insiders for the president to speed the re placement of the military adminis tration of Germany This would not mean the end of an army of occupation but merely that the t6p officials would be civilians rather than military ct TesHfyinSt jl Of President Trumans request for univer sal military training Eisenhower told the house military committee I believe Russias policy friendship with ihe United States There is in Russia a desperate j and continuing concern for the lot of the common man and they want to be friends with the United States The general said he knew that some Russians are concerned over criticism of the Soviets by the United States press But he added it is difficult for Russians to understand a free press as it op erates in the United States His references to the possibil ityof war with Great Britain or Russia were made in response to questions by committee members principally Rep Parnell Thomas RN J who asked Who do we have as potential aggressors Eisenhower would not specify any nation because he said he could not foretell international developments adding that years ago none thought we would be at war with Germany or Japan Right now he said there is no one nation in the world that can challenge a prepared America YflNKURRJVE ON WEST COAST Portland Ore follow ing North Iowa soldiers arrived here on the Marine Falcon T Sft Tnomac Alamljlj Mason CUT TJ Harold E Grater Kolre Tl Karl E Brown Thornton T5 K roinr Wesley Tic E NorlhwooJ Ptc Maurice I Morford Clarion Due to arrive on the Lycoming at San Francisco were the follow ing North lowans Capl Marrln J Durrani Dowi TJ Harold G Chapman Set John A Grubtr Mason Clly Urge Commiwion for Working Out Plan to Eliminate Destruction Washington United States Britain and Canada Thurs day proposed to hand over to united nations the task of ar ranging world controls for the de structive farces of atomic energy The 3 powers made plain that the knowhow of makine the atomic bomb would be kept sec ret from all other would include thenRussian ally effective reciprocal and enforceable safeguards accept able to all nations are devised A statement signed by Presi dent Truman and Prime Minis ters Attiee and MacKenzie King laid down the conditions for reciprocal sharing of atomic infor mation for industrial purposes Their statement issued to the press at the white house after 6 days of conferences proposed that a special commission should be set up under the united nations as soon as possible to work but rec ommendations designed to at tain the most effective means of entirely eliminating the use of atomic energy for destructive pur poses and promoting its widest use for industrial and hu manitarian purposes While Russia was nowhere mentioned by name the question which immediately arose araonjr diplomats here was how fully ac ceptable io Moscow the Anglo American Canadian plans for con trolling atomic energy would be particularly in view of Russias reluctance throughout the war to exchange information even on tablished weapons The commission which the 3 leadersproposed atthe conclu sion of their 6day conference on atomic problems would be charged with the duty specific proposals on points 1 For extendingbetween all nations the exchange oE basic sci entific information on all sub jects for peaceful ends 2 For control of atomic ener gy to the extent necessary to in sure its use only for peaceful pur poses For the elimination from national armaments of atomic weapons and of all other major weapons adaptable to mass de struction For effective safeguards by way oE inspection and other means to protect complying states against the hazards of violations and invasions In a 1000word statement set ting forth the results of their dis cussions the 3 chiefs of state pre faced their proposals by saying flatly We are aware that the only complete protection for the civi lized world from the destructive use of scientific knowledge lies in the prevention of war No system of safeguards that can be devised will of itself pro vide an effective guarantee against production of atomic weapons by a nation bent on aggression Nor can we ignore the possi bility of the development of other weapons or of new methods of warfare which may constitute as great a threat to civilization as the military use of atomic energy The statement made a distinc tion between what was called the fundamental scientific informa tion about atomic developments and the specialized information regarding the practical application of atomic energy The 3 leaders noted that actual ly the scientific information has already been made available to the world and they added that it is our intention that all further in formation on this character that may become available irom time to time shall be similarly treated Obviously with soviet Russia Primarily in mind they then said that we trust that other nations will adopt the same policy there by creating an atmosphere of re ciprocal confidence in which po litical agreement and cooperation will flourish But as for the detailed knowl edge of practical application of energy the 3 asserted that snould be kept secret until the world is better organized through the united nations to receive it with strong assurance that it would not be used for destructive cur poses The statement was issued by President Truman Attiee and MacKenzie King at a white house press conference held about 1010 a m CST The 3 completed their deliberations last midnight Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bor ;