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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OIPAHTMENT OF COWf Associated Prea and United Press Full Leased Wires MASON CITV IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 14 1944 iaper tonsJSls or TWO SectionsSection One NO 31 Mil V H 4HHH New Tank Force Can 9t Check Reds Moscow Jf Hussian forces have driven into the important rail city of Jaszbereny 37 miles east of Budapest and are engag ing the enemy in handtohand fighting front dispatches said Tuesday The Germans hurling in numerous new tanks and scores of antitank weapons in an attempt to check the soviet Report Hitler Submitted to Operation on Throat London high German personality reported in Switzer land Tuesday that Adolf Hitler had undergone a throat operation at reported drive to outflank the Hungarian capital The nazis were offering Berchtesgaden after a tumor had developed from an old ailment The mysteriously absent Hitler now is at his Berchtesgaden re treat in the Bavarian Alps after submitting to the operation a United Press dispatch from Zurich quoted the unidentified German informant Observers agreed hat the re port had an authentic line and would go far toward explaining the loas silence of Hitler during this crucial phase of the war Hitler then a corporal was gassed in the first World War and it appeared probable that any dangerous tumor of the throat inight have stemmed from that cause The operation was performed by a Professor Eicke of Vienna the Zurich dispatch said It gave no details of the reported opera tion how Hitler responded to it and his present condition but did say that he still is at Berchtes gaden A dangerous affliction of the throat would account for Hitlers silence last week on the anniver sary of the Munich beer cellar putsch The alarming effects of his silence on the German people were acknowledged by the frantic nazi efforts to cover up with a broadcast version Sunday of a diatribe attributed to him Atontr with the mounting wave of speculation on ihe where abouts and condition of Hitler were unconfirmed reports from Ihe continent of chaotic condi tioris in Germany The reports were received with pending more aii thbritative on the German pebples acceptance iyt rejection of the nazi hierarchys desperate efforts to bolster re sistance against the allies winter industrialists arriving campaign German in Switzerland told newspaper men that nearly chaotic condi tions prevailed in southwest Ger many with hordes of foreign workers and escaped prisoners of war terrorizing the countryside The workers and prisoners Swiss dispatches said escaped after the recent bombing Stutt gart and other industrial centers in that area The U S office of war infor mation reported that Stockholm press dispatches said financial panic worse than that experienced during the bank crash of 1931 was sweeping Germany The report relayed from New York said runs had started on many Ger man banks after the arrest ot 2 prominent German banters The bankers were arrested os tensibly for refusing to accept short term German treasury notes the report said suggesting thai the actual reason might have been a refusal to support the labor front bank which has been re ported in financial difficulties Byrnes Will Continue in War Position Washington Boosevelt announced Tuesday that James F Byrnes will con tinue ns director of war mobiliza tion and reconversion until Ger many is defeated Byrnes has been serving under a temporary appointment having told the president he did not want the job on a permanent basis However Presidential Secretary Early called reporters to his office shortly after noon Tuesday and read them this statement from the president In view of the importance of continuing the winning of the war at top speed and at the personal request of the president Mr Jus tice Byrnes has consented to con tinue as the director of the office ot war mobilization until the elimination of Germany from the war The president is very much gratified by the willingness of Justice Byrnes to do this and the work of the office will therefore continue as at present Byrnes left the supreme court to enter the administrations war program and became head of the office of war post which frequently won him the un official title of assistant presi dent Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FINAL SESSION IS STARTED BY 78TH CONGRESS Neither House Nor Senate Tackling Heavy Legislation This Week Washington IP Consoling election losers and congratulating winners congress reassembled Tuesday for a 6 weeks flurry of activity but decided to wait a few days before buckling down to work Neither senate nor house had anything to do for a while But Sen sup plied material for some future chores by offering a bill to freeze social security payroll taxes for another year at one per cent each onemployers and employes And just before he took the chair in the house Speaker Bay burn DTex gave a news con ference this preChrismas pro gram for the old congress 1 Extension of the presidents extraordinary war powers which otherwise would expire Dec 31 Rayburn said We can do that in mighty little time for I expect little if any opposition 2 Revival of the federal crop insurance program killed by con gresslast year 3 Enactment of legislation pro viding for federal expenditures in cooperation with the states in building roads throughout the na tion It is necessary to hasten this legislation Rayburn said due to the fact that 42 of the 48 state legislatures convene early next year Only about 100 members were on hand when the gavel fell at noon in the house In the senate 47 senators were on hand when Vice President Wallace rapped for order The republicans were doing the most laughing and chuckling and handshaking before the senate session opened Tuesday But Vice President Elect Harry S Truman who has 2 more months to go as a senator from Missouri was kept busy pumping hands So was Sen ate Majority Leader Barkley who won reelection a week ago With the routine of getting things started again out of the way the senate planned to recess until Thursday and from then until Monday There isnt anything doing the house this week either The talk was that the first thing up would be a measure to extend the second warpowers act The law with authority for priorities and allocations expires at the end of the year Even republicans foresee no controversy about keeping it alive Legislators on the whole looking more to the future than the present It will he the next congress convening Jan 3 which m all probability will tackle the major programs for a sound post economy Heading these is how to provide the 60000000 jobs which air Roosevelt mentioned during his 4th term campaign as his goal And it may be the senate of the 79th congress which ratifies or rejects an international compact designed to keep the world at peace for future generations EireWont Promise Axis Refugee Bar London has informed Britain it can give no assurance against granting asylum to politi cal refugees from axis countries Paul EmrysEvans undersecre tary for the dominions told com mons Tuesday that Prime Minis terEamon DeValera replying to allied representations seeking to bar enemy war criminals from all neutral countries took the stand his country would accept such fugitives should justice charity or the honor of the nation so re quire DeValera made it plain how ever that Eire would deny admis sion lo aliens whose presence would injure Irish neutrality or the interestsof friendly states the MOST DETERMINED AR MORED RESISTANCE since the big tank clashes in which they were beaten back in the Debrecen area last month The Germans admitted soviet units had penetrated into Jeszber eny but asserted the attackers were hurled back Red army columns striking from the northeast after crossing the Tisza river apparently had made solid contact wit lithe main forces of Marshal Rodio Y Mal inovskys 2nd Ukrainian army and were aiding in drawing the assault line close to Jaszbereny from the east west and south Despite the fierceness of the enemy opposition the Russians captured at least 10 towns includ ing the rail terminal of Jaszapati 11 miles east of Jaszbereny and 45 miles east of Budapest Moscow dispatches made no mention Tuesday of Russian forces previously reported in the southern outskirts of Budapest A German broadcaster Col Ernst Von Hammer said the Russians held a bridgehead on the Danube at Dunaharaszti opposite Csepel Island 5 miles south of the capi Front advices declared that in the muddy tablelands southwest of Jaszbereny the Russians were less than 25 miles from the eastern limits of Budapest but the attack had the character of a huge en circling movement rather than a frontal assault on the capitols de fenses The soviet war bulletin said the Russian drive around Budapests eastern flank had swept 6 miles northwest of Cegled and that more than 1000 prisoners were taken in the Hungarian fighting There was no information from either official sources or front dis patches shedding light on the sit uation on the west bank of the Danube near the YugoslavHun garian frontier where Marshal Feodor I Tolbukhinwas reported building up a powerful force Oneview was that he would march northas the arm of a pinc ers to assure the capture of Buda pest 2 STREETCARS CRASH 4 DIE 36 Hurt by Collision in Fog in Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Four persons were killed and 35 were injured when 2 street cars collided in a heavy fog at nearby Munhall Tuesday morning The dead were identified as the motorman of one car and 3 pas sengers Both cars were traveling in the same toward Kennywood the one in the rear crashed into the one in front The front of the 2nd car was split in2 and its floor was jammed forward under the floor of the first car Workmen used acetylene torch es to cut loose some of the vic tims KILLED IN FALL Burlington Mathews 84 was killed Saturday night when he fell down 3 steps to a sidewalk Coroner H O Giles re ported JAPS NEAR JUNCTION IN indicate Jap anese drives toward a junction fn the LinchowKweilin sector of China in an offensive aimed at cutting China in two The V S air base at Linchow has been destroyed and evacuated itwas announced Shaded lines outline Japaneseheld territory U S AIRPLANES BUST MANILA AND AIRFIELDS Japs Admit Damage Is Caused to Warships and Installations By THE ASSOCIATED PBESS Waves of American planes hit Manila and nearby airfields lion day and Tuesday Manila time do ing Slight Damage to warships installations and shipping Tokyo radio and the enemycontrolled Manila broadcast station said Tuesday Four hundred planes Philippine capital city Cavite and Clark field Monday and 400 sorties were flown over Manila targets Tuesday said the broadcasts heard by the federal communications commission The enemy claimed that 73 of the raiders were shot down or damaged by Japanese interceptors in the 2day period There has been no confirmation of the raids or asserted losses In Tuesdays raid the Manila radio reported Japanese airfields and Cavite onetime United states naval base were the objectives The Japanese Domei news agen cy said Mondays raids resulted in some damage to our warships but ground facilities were un damaged In addition to the Manila and Cavite areas the Japanese said about 80 carrierbased planes took part in a raid on Clark field The Japanese communique added After about one hours violent aerial battle our airforce shot down several tens of planes in cluding 10 uncertain However our side also suffered a valuable sacrifice of one plane by sell blasting and 4 which did not re turn to the base Tokyo claimed the American planes came from a taskforce Other American raids were re ported by the Japanese The Nipponese home radio said 30 medium planes Monday hit the western part of Mindanao is land southof Leyte in the Philip pines and about 25 P38s raided Cebu 011 Cebu island west Leyte in daylight the day before yesterday The some day the Jap anese said 29 B24s and P38s raided the Negros islands in the Philippines Says War With Japan to Be Long Bloody DCS Moines A Ber endsen New Zealands minister to the United States said Monday night in an interview that the war with Japan would be long and bloody He was here to speak at a public forum The war in Europe he added might end ner week or take another year American troops stationed in his country and Australia were very popular and thoroughly en joyed the minister said WOUNDED YANK CARRIED TO HOSPITAL ON fpYTF A j Is si k r i T y t Yanks Take 2nd Leyte Peak Dominating Nipponese Lines By LEONARD M1LLLMAN Asso dated Press War Editor American troops shattered attempts by reinforced Japanese to seze the offensive in the battle ot the Philippines and captured a nd ttnil mountain peak dominating enemys main lines Tuesday Elements of 5 Japanese di vi sionshave beeji thrown iijto the narrowing fight ohwestern Leyte island Reinforcements are still slipping in by barge at night But enemys general prep arations for counterattacks have been frustrated by the steady pressure of American infantry men combined with devastating artillery and aerial bombard ments of Japanese concentration centers Gen Douglas MacArthur reported Tuesday The new mountain taken by the dismounted first division cavalry outflanking he enemy is Mt Cabungangan It represents T 2 mile gain from Mt Catabaran From the 2 peaks artillery can sweep most of the Yamashita de fense line and its supply trail The main Japanese fight was obviously in the Philippines Their forces on Leyte were estimated at between 45000 and 60000 and still growing Air replacements were contin ually flown in Twentythree Japanese planes were destroyed Monday over Leyte and other central Philippine islands Two U S planes were lost Increasingly strong opposition met the 24th division pushing to ward Ormoc The 96th division broke organized resistance in ecu Buy your War Bonds and lrnl Leyte valley Stamps from your GlobeGazette i carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday with occasional light rain or snow Tuesday night Lowest temperature in Mason City 28 Fresh to occasionally strong winds Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday aft ernoon and early Tuesday night becoming cloudy late Tuesday night and Wednesday with snow flurries in the north Wednesday Colder through Wednesday Fresh winds be coming moderate to strong Wed nesday Minnesota Cloudy with occasional rain north portion and partly cloudy south portion Tuesday aftemoon and early Tucsday night becoming cloudy with snow flurries south portion late Tuesday night and Wednesday and rain changing to snow north portion early Wednesday much colder fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 68 Minimum Monday night 33 At 8 a m Tuesday 35 Rain 45 inch Monday nights downpour was accompanied by hail and an elec trical disturbance A heavy fog was observed at dawn Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum ig TAKE LEKTE ing Hlount Catabaran a 2300 foot peak dominating the road way to Ormoc American forces tightened their squeeze against reinforced Japanese troops in western Leyte island A 3 mile advance was reported near the northern end of the Ormoc cor ridor KILLED BY TRAIN Dubuquc fP Coroner F S Leonard reported that Carl Kno ernschild 48 Dubuque resident was killed Sunday when struck by a Great Western train NORTH IOWA TO GET Fillips Colder Weather for State Is Predicted Des Moines weather bureau Tuesday forecast colder weather for Iowa Wednesday flurries in the north jjection Temperatures arc expected to droj slightly below the freezing mark in northern Iowa Tuesday night The lowest Monday night was 32 at Spencer and the high temperature Monday was 74 at Council Bluffs No snow was reported but For est City had of an inch ot rain D u b u q u e 35 Estherville 33 Mason City 45 Cedar Rapids 24 and Spencer 19 Blizzard in West South Dakota By UNITED PRESS Blizzard conditions which were reported general throughout west ern South Dakota early Tuesday were expected to extend eastward into central South Dakota by mid afternoon according to weather and road reports from around the slate In Pierre the state highway commission reported blizzard con ditions prevailing from Philip to Hopid City and in the quarter of the state with snow and high winds in northwestern sections Visibility was zero in the Black Hills and state highway secretary Frank W Mitchell warned motorists to stay off roads in that area until the weather im proves ESCAPED FROM ENEMY AREA Iowa Flyer Trekked to Base in 21 Nights Dubuque plane shot down over CzechoSlovakia Oct 13 First Lt Robert C Groom 22 has reached his base in Italy after traveling 21 nights and hiding out during the day his parents Mr and Mrs Arthur C Groom Du buque have been informed by the war department Nazis brought down his P38 Lightning fighter his parents were told while he was strafing a lo comotive but Lt Groom escaped from the wreckage and started his long walk back through enemy occupied territory It wasnt bad and I had a lot of experience he wrote his par ents Other than hiding days and walking 21 nights my adventure could almost be called fun I feel as good now as if Id never been shot down YANKS DELAYED BY SHORTAGE Patterson Says Greater War Output Is Needed Waslungton of War Robert P Patterson warns that war production especially in artillery ammunition tanks trucks airborne radar equipment and cotton slowing down the U S offensives against Germany and Japan In a strong plea for a sharp in crease in production levels Pat terson declared that our troops are using this equipment at such a rate that superhuman effort is necessary to meet their current needs Even on those items that are now in short supply production has been coming up he contin ued But it is not coming up fast enough The speeding up of the offensive depends on the troops getting the supplies they need foi it Groans Heard Over Telephone Police Make Speedy Call Chicago husky police officers rushed to the home ol Ward C Rogers after an excited telephone operator reported that something terrible was happen ing there judging by the groans coming over the telephone The officers rushed into the home to rind Rogers sleeping peacefully The gronns were accounted foi when police noted that Rogers had unconsciously knocked the receiver of his bedside telephone off the hook and was snoring into the mouthpiece NOW LESS THAN 3 MILES FROM NAZI BASE CITY British Advance With New Attacks in S E Corner of Holland London American troops oppled a 4th fortress south of VIetz and pushed to within less than 3 miles of that big French city Tuesday while the British army in southeastern Holland struck toward the German bor der in a sharp attack supported by 400 guns The British hit eastward from Nederweert 18 miles southwest of the frontier city of Venlo at 4 P m The Germans abandoned Meijel 8 miles nortljeast of Ne derweert and a front dispatch reported indications the enemy was withdrawing strength from Lhe west side of the Maas Meuse river in this southeast corner of Holland The crossroads of Mei jel was won from Americans by an armorpointed German attack last month In Hie battle tor Metz 1GO miles Farther south 3rd army douuh boss piled through a new branch in German lines below the city after taking he 4th fort Supreme headquarters identified this latest prize as Fort Lyser a lialfmile northwest of the town of Orny and described it as a power ful system of underground defense works So far as was known at supreme headquarters Fort Lyser fell without resistance from its tur reted batteries just as Fort L Aisne and 2 satellite bastions to the southwest were taken Monday LAisne was the first of 3 main fortress groups in the Metz system lo fall and Lyser the second They were stormed by troops of the 5th division of LtGen Pat tons 3rd army The Americans pushed on into the Hopitai forest for their closest approach to Mete and were strik ing toward that city from the south ulong a 9mile front Nothing in front dispatches in dicated any stiffening of rcsis ance and the apparent German jiullback suggested Metz itself misrht be forfeited to avoid en circlement of its strong garrison Even as this fourth fortress fell and all of Metz roads of reinforce ment or retreat were brought with in artillery range doughboys on the left flank of tile 70mile third army front shoved forward in their Moselle bridgehead to within miles ot the German border nenr the Luxembourg corner South of Metz the seventh army pushed forward in 2mile gains at cither end of a 10mile front spreading the U S attack into the snowdrifted foothills of the Vos ffcs mountains Doughboys of the fifth division seized Fort Orny and pushed on into the woods of the closest ap proach to Metz The assault arc against Metz from the south now extended 9 miles from Fort Orny to the town of Corny on the east bank of the Moselle Fort Orny fell to tlie I0th regi ment ot the fifth division but bat tletront reports did not disclose whether it VMS taken without a struggle g With capture of Fort Aisnc anil the town of Corny earlier the Americans had cut up behind for PATTONS FORCES PUSH more divisions into a major offensive the U S 3rd army of Lt Ueii George S Patton Jr is smashing ahead in northern France ;