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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 14, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 14 MAJON CITY THI BRIGHT SPOT JC iUWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 14 1939 TMS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TVO o ONE NO 31 TRANSFER OF SHIPS REFUSED BY u s Tenant Farming Increases By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist WHY HAS tenant farming in creased so rapidly in the United States fn recent years Thxee or four decades ago when one spoke of art American farmer he meant the own er a farm not a renter or share cropper in effect a peasant of the European sort Today our farm tendency is on a 42 per cent basis Moreover SHIPSTEAD shrinking In 1920 we had 30 per cent of Americans on the land Now its only 25 per cent The others have been driven into the cities to compete with urban la which we have a decided surplus as per our unemployment statistics Senator Henrik Shipstead offers an explanation I had occasion to quote the Min nesota solon the other day on the subject our competition with other agricultural countries How ever this theme is different I scooped the two stories in at the same time And again I quote the Minnesotan because hes about Die best farm authority in congress Maybe its queer that a dentist should be so but he is We have had says the sena tor six years in which to test out the theory that the less we pro duce governmental crop limita tions and the fewer farmers we have the more wealthy we shall be contraryhas been proved of which theres evidence a plenty Feeding the World During the last war period the American farmer was told that he must feed the world and he did He didnt have the necessary cash but he borrowed it from banks They were shortterm loans Then came the postwar crash The banks iiad to have their money So the farmers were in duced to mortgage their land to bail out the bankers The war finance and farm mortgage cor porations were federally created to enable them to do so It worked as to the banks But the farmers presently be gan to find themselves being sold out under mortgage foreclosures Officialdom points with pride to the fact that our farm mortgage indebtedness has been greatly re duced Its true Its been reduced by 32400000000 How has it been reduced though Its been reduced by depriving the farmer of his home and land and transforming him into a tenant or chasing him into the city f f t Can Figures Lie In1910 our total farm mort gage debt was It amounted to less than 10 per cent of what all our farm lands and buildings were valued at The peak of the farm mortgage load was reached In 1928 when it was 20 per cent of the assessed valua tion of our land and buildings Our farm mortgages today to tal about what they did in 1920 Then they were S7800000000 Now theyre about 57250000000 But in 1920 land and buildings were valued at The mortgage debt represented about 12 per cent of that By 1937 the value land and buildings had been cut almost in to 835000000000 The mortgage debt had been reduced too but instead of being 12 per cent of fhe propertys assessed valuation it was 22 per cent In terms of underlying values the smaller debt of 1037 is almost twice as hard to carry as one somewhat larger in 1920 The farmer isnt as well able to carry it either In 1920 his gross income was jn 1938 it was 58882000000 The ex change value of his produce has shriveled There are those who refer to the reduction in our farm mort gage indebtedness as an accom plishment But how has it been re duced In a period of a decade al most onethird of the farms in this country have changed hands through forced sales Thats how Docs that explain why farm tenancy is increasing GETS 5 YEARS IN TAIL LINCOLN Nebr Messtck 32 who was arrested in Creston and returned here pleaded guilty in district court to breaking and entering the Doo tav ern in Lincoln last Saturday The Lansing Mich man was sen tenced to five years in prison British Destroyer Sinks After Hitting Nazi Mine OBJECTIONS TO WARZONEMADE BY FREE STATE MOST OF CREW Nazis Reject SAVED 2 NAZI SHIPS GO DOWN British Freighter Trawler Also Sunk in Marine Warfare LONDON sinking of a British destroyer three British merchant vessels and a Norwegian tanker was reported Tuesday as sea warfare intensified At least 32 were dead and miss ing in the sinking of the tanker disclosed when 33 members of her crew were picked up in an open boat after 30 hours adrift The tanker whose name was not given was torpedoed A freighter a trawler and unidentified third craft were the British merchant victims The admiralty announced that a German mine sank the uniden tified destroyer first oE her type lost by the British navy since the war began The freighter the 8 003ton Matra also was believed to have been victim of a mine The trawler Creswell was reported torpedoed Loss of these ships came on the heels of an admiralty an nouncement that British war ships had destroyed tlic German steamers Mecklenburg 7892 tons and Parana 5038 tons The Matra went down in the North sea Monday night after an explosion presumably that of a mine Two of her crew were lulled and 22 injured The admiralty didhot Identify the destroyer nor locate the sink ing which was believed to have occurred Monday or the night be fore One member of the crew was listed as dead six others as miss ing and 15 injured More than 70 of the deslvovers crew were known to have been picked up and landed by tugs and drifters which hurried to the scene after the explosion Tugs at tempted to take the craft in tow but she sank stern first Most of the oil have complements ranging from 98 to more than 200 officers and Before the admiralty made its announcement it was learned more than a score of survivors of a sea disaster were recovering in a marine hospital after being land ed at an English port Monday British naval losses previously announced included the aircraft carrier Courageous with 515 men the battleship Royal Oak with 810 men the submarine Oxley with 53 men and the auxiliary vessel Northern Rover with 27 men The 275ton Crcsswell was re ported sunk off the coast of north ern Scotland by a submarine in a radio message received from the trawler Phyllisia which said she had picked up six of the Cress wells crew of 12 An admiralty announcement said the nazi crews of the Meck lenburg and Parana abandoned their ships in a sinking condition alter they were intercepted by British warships After the crews had been picked up by our warships the admiralty said the two ships were finally sunk by gunfire to avoid any chance of their being a danger to navigation It was not disclosed where the sinkings took place survivors were covered with British destroyers normally Gunfire BERLIN sound of gunfire was audible in the west end of Berlin for about 15 minutes Tuesday but the cause remained a mystery State police headquarters and the air ministry dis claimed knowledge of any firing by antiaircraft bat teries and suggested that the gunfire might have been ar tillery practice Individuals who heard the firing said that it began as low intermittent rumbling Peace Impossible at This Time Replies Von Ribbentrop Min ister Joachim von Kibbcnlrop Tuesday informed the Belgium and Netherlands envoys that Germanys reply to the joint mediation offer from the low lands nations would be a po lite lid The formal reply to the offer made Nov 7 by the queen of the Netherlands and the king of the Belgians will be sent Tuesday night to The Hague and Brussels with instructions to German en voys that it be presented Wednes day informed sources said The note was said to be only a page and a half in length and was drafted by von Ribbentrop who informed the two small nations of its contents Tuesday Von Ribbentrop was said to have stated that Germanys reply was based on answers already re ceived by the two sovereigns from Britain and France which he said rendered peace impossible at this time The French reply delivered Sunday declared it was up to Germany to repair the injustices which force has imposed on Aus tria CzechoSlovakia and Po land before peace could be dis cussed By The Associated Press r i t i s h de stroyer sunk by German mine submarine sinks traw ler one British and two 11 iiill LViU German freighters go down e r m a n y re ports air raid success Mon day on Shetland islands with two flying boats downed and probable hit scored on cruiser press hints sterner warfare comingagainst Brit ish shipping d e 1 e gates leave for home as ne gotiations with Russia sus pended WASHINGTON Ireland objects to inclusion in com bat zone which bars Ameri can ships for seemed to come a few minutes closer Then a de just before it ended tonation was clearly audible The firing was first heard about p m BOGUS MONEY CHARGE DENIED Schwenkes in Plea of Innocent to Charges of Counterfeiting OTTUMWA Albert C Schwenke 36 a trucker and his wife Dorothy Jane Schwenke 2G pleaded innocent to counterfeiting charges when arraigned before United States Commissioner Her man J Schnefer here late Mon day Unable to post bond were returned to jail they The Schweinkes were two of ive persons in jail as he result of the discovery of a printing press and elaborate counterfeiting equip well as in bogus at the Schwenke home in Oikaloosa over the weekend Assistant District Attorney Cioid I Level said Clarence Vande record 27 Oskaloosa Wilfred Van Gorp 27 and Leonard de Kon mg 31 both of Pella were ar rested in Missouri They are ac cused of passing the counterfeit So and bills but charges have against them he The Schwenkes were arrested at their home a few hours after federal treasury agents seized the equipment not been filed said STAR MAKER DIES HOLLYWOOD Wcb ev a6 a starmaker ns one of filmdoms new feminine directors died Monday night following a lengthy illness CLINTON RITES ARE THURSDAY FprmerNorth Iowa Pastors Funeral to Be Held at Hampton HAMPTON Funeral services for the Rev DeWitt Clinton who died at Long Beach Cal last Friday will be held here at 2 oclock Thursday afternoon in the church over which he presided as pastor from 1908 to 1917 Tin Rev W C Cleworth pres ent pastor here and district su perintendent when Mr Clinton retired from the active ministry nine years ago will be in charge Burial will be in the family lot here Doctor Clinton served a number of churches in northern Iowa in cluding the First Methodist church in Mason City from 1898 to 1900 Other cities in which the family lived include Waverly Iowa Cits Vinton Hampton Northwood Iowa Falls and Tama He was in Tama when he retired in 1930 after rounding out a half century of preaching service Surviving Mr Clinton are Mrs Clinton John D Clinton pastor of the Methodist church at Fay ette and well known in Iowa church circles Mrs Dorothy Clin ton widow of Willard Clinton two sisters Mrs Martha Pollock of Fargo N Dak and Mrs T 1 B Belle Robinson ot Hamp ton Mr Clinton was born in Rich wood Ontario Oct 5 1858 He came with his parents to Janes Departure of Supply Ship of Antarctic Trip Delayed Byrd Expeditions BoatWiil Not Leave Until Wednesday ville Iowa where his John W Clinton was a father school teacher before becoming a Meth odist minister It was to East Janesville that the son was as signed as pastor in 1880 His first work was the building of Mount Hoor church there After graduation from Garrett Biblical Institute at Northwestern university his first charge was Isorthwood An acouaintance with Mary Virginia Moore visiting from Akron Ohio resulted in the wedding which took nliice at fhe brides home July 6 1891 and the young people went to direct the ministry at First Methodist church Waterloo Here their two sons were born John D Clinton now third pastor in the Clinton line and serving at Fayette and Willard C Clin e death came suddenly Two years ago the venerable pastor was injured in an automo bile accident from which he never fully recovered Death came last Friday Funeral plans have not been completed Mr Cleworth will have charge and pallbearers like ly will be drawn from laymen who served under Mr Clinton in his nine year pastorate here A large representation of clergymen as well as laymen from fhe vari ous churches served by Mr Clin ton is expected DBS MOINES ef fects of a fractured arm resulted in the death ot Mrs Rosina Loenie 88 here BOSTON of the North Star leadoff ship or the U S governments landclaiming exploration expedition to the Ant arctic Tuesday was postponed un til Wednesday shortly after the expeditions huge snowmobile had been stowed safely aboard The decision to defer the sailing was announced by Commander Isak Lystad skipper of the North Star to permit completion of preparations Like a motorist parking his car in a cramped space Dr Thomas Poulter ot Mount Pleasant Iowa drove the 27 ton snow cruiser aboard the ship earlier Tuesday A platform had been laid upon upright oil drums stored on the forward deck of the North Star and when the tide had raised the platform to a position level with the army base dock the huge snowcruiser was edged carefully aboard backed off to improve its position and driven on again A navy tug braced the 1450ton worth Star against the dock When linally parked the ifrcat vehicles forward end protruded about two feet over the port rail with its wheels 10 feet from the edge of the deck The rear wheels were flush with the starboard rail and the rear end from which the Tumble scat section was ampu tated protruded four feet beyond the rail There remained room enough beside it for a second snowmobile Alongside were placed two spare tires mounted on wheels with hubs large enough for a man to hide within one of them The last preparations for de parture were marked by bustle and an outward appearance of confusion On the dock 74 e cited sled dogs rent the air with barks as they watched the snow mobile roll onto the ship and saw its 10foot aftersection hoist ed on board Crew members lashed the vehicle down with chains Sightseers swarmed over the craft m one last eager inspection Goodbyes were exchanged Wives of members of the crew who had perforce to do their Christmas shopping early appeared at the dockladen with gaily wrapped gift boxes Admiral Richard E Byrd was there for the final farewell ceremony The entire scene was enacted beneath a bright November sun while a freezing north wind whist led in the rigging Capt Isak Ly slad of the North Star commented that the temperature which was 26 degrees in the morning on ship board was about the same as the warmest weather they might ex pect in Little America He estimated there would be ample time to deliver the supplies at Antarctic before the autumn freezeup next March Sailing by way of Panama and New Zealand to Little America he hoped to reach the first base on the Ant arctic continent by Jan 1 mid to arrive at the other a thousand miles distant in February LOOK INSIDE FOR REP J WILL TAYLOK Representative From Tennessee Succumbs PAGE 2 Joe Louis Sets Plan to Leave Ring Crown PAGE 9 Plans Rushed for S U I Homecoming PAGE Gravedigger Dies Digging a Grave OGDENSBUUG X Y Edffar M Pinney 77 a gravc diRffcr suffered a fatal heart digging a grave EIGHTH IV BLAST DIES MUNICH Germany ieath toll in the Munich beer cel ar bombing reached eight Tues day with the death of Michael Schmcidl The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday continued mild temperature MINNESOTA Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday no decided change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 i m Tuesday Maximum Monday 53 Minimum in Night j At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Cruiseil Boards BVrd ShiP Boston Al Capone Is Involved in OHare Case Letter Tells of Threats Made by Gangster in Jail CHICAGO The discovery of a letter relating that Al Ca pone voiced threats in Alcatraz prison against Edward J OHave Park president of Sportsmans race hack gave an unex cm pected turn Tuesday to the search Tr the turfmans slayers Bearing the signature George the letter was found in a book at OHare secret north side apart ment The envelope carried a St Louis postmark dafed Oct 6 1937 The letter had been sent from one friend of pHares to another The writer said he had been told of the threats by two former in mates ot Alcatraz prison and urged the recipient to warn O Hare You know the letter said in part OHarc and him had many arguments and disputes over them tracks I think the sorespot is something in connection with Sportsmans park The Cnpojic group was the original owner of Sportsmans park At one time OHare man aged a Chicago dog track in which Capone had an interest States Ally Thomas J Court ney called the letter of warning of the most interesting clues ever to come into our hands in a case oE this kind Gangster killings almost in variably are followed by absolute silence he said No one talk There never is a scrap of evidence Courtney said efforts would be made to identify the writer of the note through OHares friends and associates He also sought to iden tify the former Alcatraz convict to whom the letter referred Investigators evinced interest in word from Los Angeles that Rus sell Stoddard had been stabbed Monday night on a downtown street Although Detective LcRoy Sanderson of the Los Angeles po lice department identified Stod dard as a former driver and body guard for OHare the Chicago de tective bureau said he was not listed in its records Meanwhile investigators held Peter Szent a painter in protec tive custody after he had given them the first eye witness account of the slaying Szent said be saw OHare killed by shotgun blasts fired by one of two men in a car that overtook the turfmans auto mobile on Ogden avenue last Wednesday FIRE IS FATAL TO HUNDREDS Blaze Sweeps Througl LaGunillas Oil Town on Lake in Venezuela MARACAIBO Venezuela UR A huge lire was reported to have destroyed the town La over an old field early Tuesday with hundreds casualties of Messages received here said that it was feared 300 to 500 per sons were dead and many others missing or injured Official fig urOE on dead and missing lacking however The original town illas was built over of Lasun lake 11 was covered with a thick coat of oil and a short bridge led to the land The bridge burned leavin a couple of thousand persons iso lated in the oilsoaked wooden streets and shacks built over the lake The government sent food med me and coffins to the scene and S 333 rapidly Victims trapped by lake Reports said that 200 peron were burned to death when v i lighter aboard which they attempting to eca least 200 houses of tin i the flai no lived Shipping Restrictions Controversy Stirred Flint to Return Home WASHINGTON The mar itime commission refused Tues day to pevmit the transfer to Panamanian registry of four steam vessels owned by the Pa cific Steamship Corp The firm incorporated in Ne vada is in process ot liquidation under the bankruptcy act the commission said and the transfer would be determentnl to the best interests of the United States The application was filed by Anthony C Stralla tor principals listed as James Lloyd and John T Basom of Beverly Hills The vessels were built in 1920 They are the Admiral Wood Ad miral Day and Admiral Chase each of approximately 3300 tons Admiral Govc of 3 500 nd the ions The application did not state what use was planned for the ves sels it was said at Ihe commis sion Controversy over shipping re strictions in the neutrality law was stirred anew Tuesday by Irish objections to being included in the war zone and by a proposal to prevent transfer of United States vessels to foreign flags At the same lime another maritime case of the City of nearer solution when the Ger man Rovernment ordered its warships not to interfere with the American freighter on her back home The action was takenthe state department was informed late Monday with the understanding that the ship captured by Ger many as a contraband carrier and later ordered released bv Aonvay had landed its cargo at Bergen Norway The Irish complaint was made to the state department Monday by the countrys minister Robert Brennan He told Adolf A Berle Jr assistant secretary of state that Eire had been injured by President Roosevelts action in putting her in a combat zone b American ships are Brennan said his country is neutral and will remain so that she needs American products particularly cattle feed fertilizers and wheat and that the Irish ov ertimed does not believe Ameri can ships would be endangered by visiting her ports Berle gave him assurances that the matter would receive study Under the law the president may eiefme the combat zone at any time The proposal to prevent registry of American ships so that they could continue service to European ports came from Sen ator Mead DN In a tele gram to Chairman Bailey D N Car of the senate commerce committee Mead suggested that the committee or which he is a member prepare legislation lo prevent transfers and also 1 Provide subsidies to en courage the operation of tem porary and emergency ship lines in loyal ivaters 2 Provide adequate care for seamen furloughed by cur tailment of shipping due it the neutrality law The United States lines wants to transCcr eight of its ships to were Panamanian registry in order to escape Ihe neutrality Iaw and carry on its transAtlantic busi ness President Roosevelt his asked the maritime commission to iuiiuiaaiLMi tu witnhold approval until the que tion has been studied thoroughly In New York the Black Dia mond Lines Inc announced Mon day night that it was chartering foreign ships to iy on its ser vice interrupted b the neutrality law The first sailing under the new plan wil be York for and underserretarv to the compny j le Sumner Welles unuersecre jumped screaming into the of state said Monday nieht mit burning oil covered water of the force would not be used in pa 1 trolling the neutrality zone which has oeen established around the Americas CHURCH BELL IS STOLEN OMAHA Nebr destroyed j at the Methodist church in Emcr orker j ing the belfry and aid n m taxfree rentfree locating it before it is sold to I scrap metal dealer ;