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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 13, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF COMf TOUT AND MO IKES U TO THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI Associated Press and I MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Leased Wires Five Cents a One Mans Opinion Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MUCH City Sunday p m ViOl Ames Monday t m K11MO HannEfcal Tuesday p m 1V5UI Iowa Clly Wednesday p m KSCJ Sioux City Friday p m KCU Spencer Friday m When Robot Bombs Fall Around You IN7 my last One Mans Opinion commentary I devoted my at tention to the robot bomb and its general effect on southern Eng land especially London When I had completed my manuscript however I could see that I had no more than scratched the sur face of this tremendously interest ing and important subject For oue thing I hadnt related my own firsthand contacts with them I mentioned that during my 5 weeks in England during Au gust and September I had heard felt or seen more than 100 ot them But I didnt describe the sensation Thats why inthis commentary at the risk of boring listeners Im going to take up where I left off in that last discussion Frankly the subject is one thats upper most in my thinking That work ot the devil known as the robot bomb isnt something that is easily erased from ones memory an hour of the time 1 arrived at Paddington sta tion London on a Saturday night 1 had heard and felt my first robot My colleague Fred Chris iopherson of the Sioux Falls S Dak ArgusLeader and I were dining at the Savoy hotel when the alert sign went up in the room A screeching siren was fur ther warning of the approach of a buzzbomb In a moment we heard the dis tant drone of a motor The sound grew louder Shortly it seemed to be from directly overhead and it sounded like quite so much as a large truck laboring at the top of a steep hill Gradually the sound dimin ished Shortly it ceased altogether and we felt a slight shock Then perhaps 3 or 4 seconds later came the report of the explosion The bomb had landed lu a residential W section about a a mile and a half away I HAD heard and felt my first bomb But f hadnt yet seen one This experience came the next day at noon It was raining and I had donned my rain clothes for a walk down to Piccadilly Circus about a mile from my Park Lane hotel As I got off the elevator or lift as the British call heard the screech of a siren The alert sign was being posted in the lobby Soon I could hear the dis tant motor drone and I proceeded into the alley to the rear of the hotel I was just in time The flybomb just coming into sight over the roof flying at a height of about 500 feet It was headed to ward Kensington Gardens be yond Hyde Park to the north I watched it until itpassed out of sight behind buildings on the north side of the alley Then I listened The motor cut off Again there was a quivver of the pave ment below me and a few sec onds later the sound was nothing more to wait for So I turned to go back into the hotel lobby But I was nearly knocked from my feet Undetected by me the motor of another robot bomb had cut off and had landed on the roof of large structure 2 blocks away As soon as I could I faced in that direction and saw the sky filled with smoke and flying bits of masonry and fragments from the robot plane itself I was scared I admit it But the reporter in stinct in me took over and I hur ried to the scene ot the blast My arrival there was probabh no more than 3 or 4 minutes alfer the bomb had landed The barri cade lines had not yet been set up by the fire wardens I could watch the rescue work at close range A total of 36 victims from the apartments on the top floors of the building were taken out on stretchers Six had been Instantly killed Another 5 died within a week and I shouldnt be surprised ifthe toll from that blast today is as high as 15 or 20 Every shopwindow and resi dential window within a radius of 2 blocks of the blast had been broken But amazingly enough the damage to the building itself wasnt nearly as great as I ex pected it lo be It was my judgnient and it Skill is that a crew of 20 glaziers 20 carpenters and 20 masons could have had the structure back in complete repair within a week AND that led me to a wholly fallacious conclusion concern ing the destructive capacity of robot bombs I had seen them at work on steel reinforced con struction That isnt where they are most effective I had to revise this erroneous estimate when I visited the resi I rtential sections of London par 1 ticularly in Croyden and other Continued on Page 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 13 1944 YANKS asts ot Two REDS CAPTURE NEW POSITIONS NEAR BUDAPEST Fierce CounterAttacks Fail to Dislodge Russ Forces in Suburbs London red army al ready in the southern outskirts ol Budapest increased its pressure on the besieged Danube river capi tal Monday with the capture ol Monor 14 miles to the southeast and the seizureof enemy positions within 30 miles to the east A broadcast Moscow commu nique announced the fall of Mon or which meant the Russians had swept the Germans from nearly all of the 50 mile Budapest Szuolnok trunk railway In the push from the east the soviet troops fanned out from captured Ujszasz a junction on the secondary BudapestSzolnok railway drove 11 miles through Tapiogyorgye and Tapioszele and captured Farmos 30 miles from Budapest the communique dis closed Dispatches from Moscow said Monday that furious counterat tacks by German and Hungarian troops failed to dislodge soviet spearheads from their positions in the southern suburbs of Buda pest Meanwhile a communique from Marshal Titos headquarters said his troops were storming Skoplje a city of 65000 in southern Yugo slavia on the BelgradeAthens railway and an important Ger man position protecting the south ern corridor through which some of the 100000 enemy troops threatened with entrapment have been fleeing from the southern Balkans Both Berlin broadcasts and the Tito bulletin asserted that large numbers jaf Russian troops were surging across the Danube river near Apatin in northern Yugo slavia moving westward to flank the Hungarian capital and also to head off the German retreat fro the south The Russians announced that they killed 800 enemy troops and seized Mezokovesd 65 miles northeast of Budapest Mezoko vesd is a strategic road town on the railway to Miskolc and with its capture the red army gained firm control of a 25 mile section of that main axis artery connect ing the German armies around Budapest with those defending eastern Slovakia A soviet column that pushed northwest of Ujszasz captured the rail station ot Boldoghaza in a 6 mile march along the railway to Jaszbereny the last major axis bastion guarding Budapest from the east Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain Monday night and Tuesday Much colder Tuesday Fresh to strong winds Iowa Showers Monday night and northeast portion Tuesday Failing temperatures Monday night through Tuesday Strong shifting winds diminishing late Tuesday Minnesota Occnsionnl rain north portion Monday and Monday night Changing to snow flur ries Tuesday and showers south portion Monday night and Tuesday Mild Monday night becoming colder Tuesday Strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 59 Minimum Sunday night 49 At 8 a m Monday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 Minimum 15 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 55 Minimum Saturday night 41 At 8 a m Sunday 42 YEAR AGO Maximum 30 Minimum 24 Fight Looms on Security Tax Freeze Washington eve of the convening of the final session of the 78th congress found a sharp fight shaping up Monday over freezing of social security taxes Unless congress intervenes the payroll on both employes and em ployers automatically increases from one per cent to 2 per cent on Jan 1 Legislation to retain the lax at its present level as was done last year is pending before the house ways and means committee and is beingpushed also in the senate by Senator Vandenber K Because of administration op position the legislation as such has little chance of becoming law unless tacked on to some other bill in the form of a rider A presidential veto would be less probable if the freeze were ef fected in legislation otherwise de sired by the administration It might be added to a pending appropriation bill or tolegisla tion extending miscellaneous war powers of the president which ex pire on December 31 The social security tax propos al is the standout item on the docket facing the legislators when they convene at noon Tuesday for a session expected to last until midDecember Other matters awaiting con gressional action include A postwar highway construction program involving the expendi ture of of federal funds Renewal of the federal crop in surance program to which both political parties committed themselves in their platforms A flood control and rivers and harbors improvement bill which may be sidetracked because of disagreements in the senate Extension of the statute of lim itations applicable to prosecutions or courtsmartial resulting from Japanese attack on Pearl Har pires on Dec 7 The makings of a struggle were removed by the decision of back ers of compulsory peacetime draft legislation not to press their case during the forthcoming session Sink Nazi Battleship Tirpitz London Was offi cially announced MI o n d a y night that the 41000ton Ger man battleship Tirpitz had been sunk A British air ministry commu nique said the Tirpitz was sunk Sunday morning by RAF Lan casters that attacked her in Trom so fjord along the northr coast of Norway It was the 8ih time RAF bomb ers had attacked the last large battleship of the German navy The bombers scored direct hits with 12000 pound bombs NO 39 Killed at Sioux City When Hit by Propeller Siouv City Cpl Eli Trbo vich Pittsburgh Pa a combat crew trainee was killed Saturday when a spinning airplane propel ler struck him on the head at the army air base here Col W S Dawson commandant reported Tne report said Cpl Trbovich ap parently walked too close to the propeller as he was returning to the plane after consulting the ground crew chief with INJURIES ARE FATAL Fort Madison Yol ton 79 hardware merchant died in a hospital here Saturday night as a result injuries suffered earlier when he was struck by a car as he started to cross the street from his store SALVO FROM A MIGHTY BATTLESHIP In this re markable photograph of the USS Missouri firing a salvo from her 2 forward turrets the 16 inch projectiles can be seen m flight at upper right boxed in while force of the blast churns the sea and flames from the burning cases hght a path beside the ship The Missouri is one of the latest of the navys Iowa class battleships YANKS ADVANCE ON LEYTE ISLE Japs Renew Suicide Air Attacks on U S Ships By LEONARD MIIrLEUAN Associated Press War Editor American infantrymen closing in frony3 directions on flaming Or moc inched through treacherous ravines and of Leyte island Monday against well equipped Japanese as enemy planes renewed strong suicide at tacks on U S shipping in the Philippines Unconfirmed Tokyo broadcasts reported American warships shelled Iwo island 750 miles south of Tokyo Japanese occupied Shanghai was bombed for the 2nd time in 3 days and a Superfort Monday made another reconnais sance flifrht over Honshu main island of Nippon No further attempt to reinforce the estimated 45000 Nipponese soldiers on western Leyte were reported after 13 destroyers 7 transports 29 planes and an esti mated 10000 men were lost in 3 successive days of attacks on con voys in Ormoc bay Persistently attacking Japanese aircraft scored direct hits on 2 American ships in San Pedro bay on the other side of the island Tokyo claimed 2 transports were sunk and 7 damaged by suicide pilots One broadcast asserted a battleship was sunk Eleven Japanese planes were lost in this and other air actions The U S 24th division which has been in almost continuous heavy fighting since landing in the Philippines Oct 20 drove 3 miles forward along the right flank of the road to Ormoc They captured the heights of Ml Cata baran 1G miles north of Ormoc from which American artillery can fire into the rear of the en emys forward lines and rake sup ply convoys Dismounted 1st division cavalry men farther from the road but closer to Ormoc ran into fierce Japanese resistance in the 3It Pin a saddle The 24th corps Gen Douglas MacArthur announced is closing in both from the east and the south The corps includes the 7th division which MacArthur hasnt mentioned for nearly a week it was reported about 12 south of Ormoc and the 96th division fighting across Ley tees central mountains when miles Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GIoTjeGaiettc carrier boy Admit Hitler Had to Give Himmler Additional Tasks London Berlin radio spokesman shouting defiantly that repeat the surrender of 1918 acknowledged Hitler Monday that Adolf been compelled to pass on to Heinrich Himmler and other party leaders the task of rallying the German nation for the final phase of the war The Berlin commentator Ru dolf gemmler told the German public in a nationwide broadcast that the decisive hours of the war are at hand with the mysterious ly silent fuehrer still absent Within a measurable space of time he said the question will arise Do we capitulate in front of superior enemy odds in men and material or will they capitu late as they see our unshakeable determination Semmler declared that surren der has been ruled out by the nazi leaders and he exhorted the peo ple to rally to the newlyorganized Volksturm the peoples army Our leaders he promised will not let the German people down as did the cowardly government of 1918 Then attempting to explain Hit lers singular absence from public life at this critical hour Semmler added fresh fuel to the worldwide speculation that the fuehrer was sick or dead or had been driven insane by disaster If the fuenrer spoke so seldom during recent months and was compelled to pass on this task to his nearest collaborators we know all the same that every single word of his has special importance he said The whole world realizes this Semmler made no further men tion of Hitler in whose name a proclamation was read Sunday calling on Germany to fight against enemies within and with out the nation London observers speculated that Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler might be emerging as the actual ruler of nazi Germany and that the shrewd hangman was seeking only to preserve the Hitler legend while establishing himself in power Claim Hitler Was Under 4 Doctors London report was re ceived in London Monday from a person whose information usual ly is reliable that Hitler was un der the care of 4 doctors last week and that his strange pro clamation of Sunday commem orating the Munich beer cellar putsch mayhave been written by somebody else The doctors were named as Professor Morrell Hitlers per manent medical adviser Doctor Zabel the attending physician regularly attached to his staff Professor Horster an outstanding brain specialist who treated Field Marshal Erwin Rommel before he died and Professor Sauerbruch one of Germanys most prominent ich operated Hitler about 8 years ago for what he called a nonmalignant growth in the fuehrers throat A person close to German affairs said Sauerbruch at one time and pos sibly even today was known among his intimates as strongly antinazi He expressed surprise that the surgeon had been called in The same source said he had spotted 6 passages in Hitlers fight to the death proclamation Sunday that had been taken from the fuehrers book Mein Kampf and others that clearly came from some of his old speeches He ex pressed belief the proclamation had been written by someone oth er than the man who gave the excuse that Hitler was too busy to come to the microphone The proclamation Sunday was read by Heinrich Himmler gcs tapo chief Nazis Say Fuehrer Health Excellent London German over seas radio service transocean which is beamed for strictly non German consumption said Mon day In reply lo rumors circulating abroad authoritative circles in Berlin state that the fuehrer is in excellent health Transocean argued that his fail ure to read Sundays proclamation was not proof of illness since Hit ler has never read himself The proclamation it claimed gave orders in his own vigorous manner Says Hes Too Old to Be Afraid of Bandits Chicago 82 George V Haering figures he is too old to be afraid so when Norman Pin chard 24 ordered him to put up his hands during an attempted drug store holdup Sunday the octogenarian hurled a jar at the bandit cutting his cheek and foil ing the stickup Im getting to L old old to Haering commented from his store carrier boy oiessor Morrell Hitlers per be an old mantoo old tc medical adviser Doctor afraid Haering commented British Claim Hitler Proclamation Has Phony Rins commenHmr on Sundays manifesto that Adolf Hitler is dead or in capacitated gained added weight Monday in the light of circum stances surrounding a strange broadcast Sunday in which Hein rich Himmler read on the fuehrers benalt a proclamation calling upon the German people to fight to the death The official German explanation xvas that Hitler was too busy guid ing the destinies of the reich to appear personally before a micro phone and read the proclamation which he was said to have written Official British sources hoV tcvcr which have always been lLn VMt Hitler rumors in the past asserted flatly that the proclamation had a phoney ring The most widely accepted belief here was that the proclamation which carried the solemn over tones of a last ditch appeal was a ghostwritten effort by Himmler and Dr Paul Joseph Goebbels to curb rumors within Germany of Hitlers serious illness or death Germans have not heard a broadcast by Hitler sinceJuly 21 when a voice purportingto teihis spoke over the radio toVarmounce that a plot against his ffififcthe pre ceding day had been ys manifesto sounding every appeal to steel tlie German will marked the postponed cele bration of the Nov 8 1923 Mu nich beer hall putsch and a mass swearing in of men in the Volks strum or German home guard The Berlin radio called it a day of national rising Employing the use of the first person the Hitler manifesto re iterated the nazi bugbears on the menace of international Jewry and bolshcvist barbarisms and declared If in these times I speak sel dom or little to the German peo ple this is due to my being at work in order to fulfill he tasks entrusted to me and which must be fulfilled in order to turn our fortunes Those fortunes the proclama tion tacitly admitted had not been going well for the Germans since the Russian armies broke through the Romanian front on the Don in November 1942 since the subse quent disintegration of the Italian and Hungarian formations with all the severe consequences in volved for our strategy The proclamation appealed strongly for fanatic nazi loyalty to Hitler and while promising that Germany would triumph despite every obstacle declared We must be willing lo sacrifice life in order to preserve life The proclamation praised Japan as our greatest ally and said that country has viewed the struggle from its first day as what it really is A decisive clash in Which existence itself is at stake In other exercises in Germany Sunday Goebbels and other nazi leaders held up the harakiri fa naticism of the Japanese as an ex ample for Germans as they sought to pledge German virtually to na tional suicide II S LOSES AIR BASE AT LIUCHOW Yank Airmen Strike on All Fronts in China Chungking United States air base at Liuchow has been destroyed and evacuated Maj GenAlbert C Wedemeyers headquarters announced late Mon day The US 14th air force struck on all fronts over the weekend destroying a Japanese navy tend er 13 river steamers 14 locomo tives and 3 rail bridges in French Judo China an American com munique said Three radar sta tions were disabled at Yochow The Japanese in Kwangsi Prov ince however appeared on a verge of meeting from north and east 1o provide a continuous land route from Canton to Manchuria The Japanese already were in Liuchow last known American air base in southeast China because Wedemeyers communique said P41s drew fire from Liuchow when they attacked Japanese posi tions in support of Chinese ground forces The communique added The air base at Liuchow was destroyed and evacuated Nov 7 Most of the evacuation was done by air The air transport com mand made a total of 44 trips to the field operating in extremely poor flying weather to bring out personnel and essential equip ment Gen Claire L Chennault personally commended the air transport command for its super ior performance Chinese reports on the Japanese drive in Kwangsi were grave A Chinese communique said Sunday that the northerly enemy column had captured Liuchenj 19 miles northwest of Liuchow on the railway teiuitiK lo Kweichow province At the same time another Japa nese force was reported to have seized Laipin 45 miles south of Liuchow and driven on 20 miles to the north Still a 3rd enemy column reached the outskirts of Chienkiang 55 miles southwest of Liuchow on the highway leading to the old provincial capital of Yungning Kweilin capital of province and also a former U S air base site 95 miles north of Liuchow appeared lost The Chinese high command acknowl edged that it had not been in con tact with the garrison by radio since day the Japa nese reported capture of the cilv 8th Army Patrols Cross Ghiaia Canal Push Through Forest Komc of the 8th army crossing the Ghiaia canal below Ravenna have moved into a thick pine forest 4 miles south of the city in an advance of 2 miles allied headquarters an nounced Monday The advance was made after German troops guarding southern approaches to the city on the Adriatic coast with drew from some of their positions on the canal The next and final water ob stacle before Ravenna is the Fiumi than a mile from the southern limits The Fiumi Uniti or UnitecJ Rivers is formed by the Montone and Ronco which join south of Ravenna and flow into the Adriatic FORT STRONGHOLDOF VERNY IS WON IN NEW THRUST American Army Farther South Forced Back by Nazi CounterAttack London The U S 3rd army broke into the fortress ring of Metz Monday on the 6th day of its offensive toward the Saar and the Germans said the dough boys had penetrated the east bank part of Thionville a 2nd strong hold on the Moselle line of de fenses in northeastern France The Americans captured their first fort in he ring guarding Metz drove forward one to 2 miles in the battle lo encircle the city from the southeast and crossed the Moselle at a new point south of Thionville in a maneuver to cut off that stronghold also Thtonvillc Is 16 miles north of Metz For Verny 5M miles south of Metz and 4 villages including the town of Verny Pommerieux Lie lion and Corno fell to the 5th in fantry division with the Germans failing to make a serious fight The towns are 6 to 7 miles south of Metz now encircled except for an 11 mile gap to the east Fighting through snow mud fields and fog without air support the 5th division broadened its frontal attack on Metz to 5 miles although its capture did not ad vance the Americans any closer to the fortress city From 3 o 22 major forts with many smaller forts ring Metz in the surrounding hills with mutual ly supporting fire Verny appar ently is not one of these major lorls although it is near Fort LAisne of the 9 biggest in the chain Fort Vexny and the 4 captured towns are almost direct ly east of Fort Driant one of the 9 mam fortifications on the west bank of the Moselle which the Americans failed to lake a month ago The Americans farther south punched through the forest of Bride and Koeckine north of Dieuze but the Germans throw ing in their strongest attack in this area since the start of the offensive sent Lt Gen George S Paltons men back a mile Here an American wedge by passed Dieuze and threatened the encirclement of Morhange The new bridgehead across the Moselle below Thionville where the Germans said fierce fighting was raging for the Thionville cita del inside the town threatened the Germans last use iul railway out of Metz Armored spearheads swinging around Metz from the south punched forward on a 20mile front 17 miles south of the Saar border One ot these wedges bypassed the stronghold of Dieuze on its south flank and fanned out behind the famous world war battle town of Morhange on its north flank This wedge was reported to have reached Bermering 3 miles east of Morhange where French and Germans fought in one of the first big battles ot the first World war and reached Lidrezing 5 miles north of Dieuze where flood wa ters loosed by allied day bomb ings protected Pattons right flank To the south of the seventh army fighting on a 15 mite front east of Rambervillcrs and Bniy ercs captured villages only a mile west of St Die in the entrance to a Vosses Pass and but 33 miles from the Rhine Southeast of Metz the Germans were reported in front line dis patches to be PULLING OUT men and material before Pattons encircling threat but they were destroying dams on canals and rivers to the northeast of the city and holding tight Frong reports said they were pulling guns out of Metz itselr but supreme headquarters be lieved it unlikely a real evacua tion was underway Only 2 railways remained lo the Germans out ot Metz The southern arm of Pattons army was within 2 miles of the lower line running northeast through Boulay lo the Saar and close enough io interdict daylight traf fic The 2nd line running northeast 10 the Saar apparently was the target of the new thrust across the Moselle south of Thionville an important fortress town already menaced by American bridge heads to the north The partof Thionville west of the Moselle already was in American hands The 95th infantry division won the crossing and supreme head quarters announced that it was being reinforced The rail and highway town o Metzervisse 514 miles east of Uekrange where the crossing was made apparently Kwangsi ;