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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 12, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE MIWSfAfEt THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION fTrnrri VOL LV Associated United Press FulJ Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 12 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No GlobeGazette Photo TWO WELL PLEASED Beckwith of Garner and his 2yearold black Labrador Dinah were a successful pheasant combination on opening day Thursday Beckwith picked off his limit of 2 cock pheasants 2Vo hours after the season opened at noon Dinah brought in 2 cripples after chasing a considerable distance for them through fields Beckwith was hunting in a party of 3 one mile north of Garner The report from most all North Iowa points was excellent hunting but plenty of hunters Says Russians Ready People for New War Paris United States delegate told the United Nations Friday Russia is using shrill gov ernmentdirected propaganda to prepare its people for war The American Frederick H Os born told the general assemblys political committee there can be no disarmament until Russia stops threatening the world with com munist aggression The committee is debating a so viet proposal that the United States Britain France Russia and China slash their armaments by onethird and outlaw the atomic bomb Osborne said Russia has 4000 000 men under arms and that so viet dominated states have an ad ditional 2800000 This he said adds up to 250 combat divisions 5 times the combined forces of al the western European nations Predicts 4th Final Round of Postwar Wage Increases Propaganda Vtove Seen by Marshall Says Russia Hopes to Weaken Position of United States Paris of State eorge C Marshall declared Friday the Russians are carrying on a propaganda peace offen sive hoping to weaken the posi tion of the United States Marshall told a news conference Russian propaganda in theUnited Nations assembly has not been successful He said the great ma jority of nations in the U N have lined up solidly in their opinions on the world situation The secretary said the Moscow reaction to published suggestions that Prime Minister Stalin and President Truman confer on world problems is one of the propaganda peace efforts Very Dangerous Such peace efforts are very dangerous because everyone sin cerely wants peace but not every one wants mere propaganda for peace Marshall said We the United States are represented as being war mongers but what we want is peace Marshall said the propaganda peace offensive was designed pri marily to exploit the worlds de sire for peace The United States delegation to the assembly meanwhile refused to say anything on the reports of a possible meeting of Stalin and Mr Truman They maintained Urges Sessions Congress on China Washington of a 4thandfinal round of postwar wage boosts came Friday from an administration official weighing prospects for labor peace during the new Truman term The policy shaper who asked not to be quoted by name said he looks for the pay increases to average between 7 and 10 cents an hour Cost Level But he qualified his final round forecast by pegging it to that living costs are about to level off Progressive Party Heads in Meeting Chicago party leaders rejected by the nations voters Friday began planning their course of action for the next year State party directors met Friday to map state legislative campaigns and to lay the groundwork for 1949 city elections Saturday national committee members from every state opened a 2day meeting to plan organiza tional work a congressional pro gram and to discuss finances Henry Wallace and Senatoi Glen Taylor the partys defeatec presidential and vicepresidentia candidates were on hand for the discussions If they do he told a reporter future wage talks will shift em phasis from prices to productivity His contention is that only by boosting output can workers be sure of pushing their earnings up ward once their pay has caught up with prices Since the war wages have gone up 3 times by roughly 18i 15 and 11 cents an hour with some 4th round increases of around 9i cents These last however have lot yet spread to the big basic ndustries like steel and auto making Compromise Seen The administration labor offi cial said preliminary plans being readied for President Trumans study call for a reasonable com promise on labor legislation and a greatly strengthened labor de partment On the issue of what to do with the TaftHartley the democrats are pledged to repeal and official marked down 2 provisions as the toughest to remove He listed them as a the provi sion dealing with national emer gency as industry paralyzing coal mine shutdowns b the requirement that labor leaders disavow communist affiliations Reds Issue Strike Call in France Paris leaders called upon Frances 20000000 workers Friday night to unite against the government and or dered a 24hour general strike in Paris for Saturday The communists call for united action followed the arrest of 2 communist deputies Thursday during a 4hour battle between police and communistled demon strators near the unknown sol diers tomb Ninetyfive police were injured in the battle of iron bars paving stones and gunfire One demon strator was reported wounded by a police bullet and about a score of others also were injured The French communist party is sued its appeal for a united work ers front in a manifesto protest ing the government acts of il legality and violence their position that they knew nothing about it here Expected to Stay The delegation spokesman would not confirm or deny whether the subject would be dis cussed by U S Secretary of State Marshall and President Truman when Marshall returns to Wash ington There was no indication at the U N headquarters as to when Nationalists Report Rout of Red Force More Than Million Soldiers Committed by Warring Factions Nanking nationalist attacks reportedly routed 9 red columns at the Grand canal Fri day in the mammoth Suchow bat tle The communists progovern ment newspapers said withdrew in disorder leaving 37000 dead and wounded They had tried to sneak 135000 Tsinan veterans across the canal for an attack on Suchows left flnnk 30 miles east of the government bastion Annihilate Army The communist radio heard in Peiping said the reds were an nihilating the 7th national army corps east of Suchow and had cooped up the 2nd army corps west of the town The red radio said 2 nationalist divisions went over to the communists on Monday north of Suchow The fight at the canal was bloody The nationalists were credited with turning back more than 20 red charges The reds re ports said were using what the Marshall will return to the United Slates JL 73YearOld Man Is Killed When Car Leaves Road Mechanicsvllle fP Mort Hatcher 73 year old Mechanics ville carpenter was killed late Thursday afternoon when his car plunged off the road on highway 30 a mile east of here Cedar county Coroner Gordon Smith said investigation indicated Hatcher who was driving alone suffered a sudden heart attack which made him lose control of his car Witnesses said the car traveled about 1000 yards on the wrong side of the road before going into the ditch It turned over twice SHOW MOVIE tyle movie Val ley of the Sun will be shown Friday at 7 and p m in the high school auditorium Divert Ships to Canada Dock Strike Ties Up Ports in US New York ship lines iverted transAtlantic liners to Halifax N S Friday because of he east coast longshoremens trike and there were prospects ather shipping firms would follow With the major Atlantic ports of New York Boston and Philadel phia tied up by the International association AFL striking for higher wages and bet er working conditions liners were beginning to unload their passengers and cargo at the Nova Scotia port The Cunard White Star liner Mauretania docked in Halifax with 8AME flu InffU la M Start Talks on Atlantic Pact 7Nation Defense Treaty Proposed London 5 nations o the western European union be gan talk in a highly secret meeting Friday on a proposed North At lantic defense treaty with thi United States and Canada A French foreign office spokes man in Pnris said France is pro posing a 50 year agreement bind ing the U S and Canada to the alliance There was neither con firmation nor denial here The na tions in the western alliance are Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg Louis S St Laurent who be comes Canadian prime minister Monday called Thursday night for a North Atlantic security treaty to include both economic and mil ITU Prepares to State Case Asked to Prove It Does Not Break Law Chicago AFL Typo raphical union involved in a prolonged strike against Chicago newspapers prepared Friday to offer proof in court that it no onger is violating the TaftHart ey law Federal Judge Luther M Swy at nearby Hammond Ind ate Thursday ordered the union to submit the proof by Nov 15 in compliance with his contempt of court citation issued last Oct 14 Chicago newspaper publishers see what litigation Chinese call human sea tactic waves of men charging almost shoulder to shoulder Planes Strafe Automatic weapons and low flying strafing planes took a heavy toll The newspapers called it a major victory But observers agreed that at best it might only delay the red timetable by 3 weeks at most The big battle of Suchow largest in Asiatic history is still to be decided More than 1000000 combatants have been committed by the war ring Chinese factions AP Wircplioto SENTENCED TO Tojo premier of Japan at the time of Pearl Harbor was smiling pleasantly when this photo was made in December 1947 Friday he was sentenced to hang as a war criminal by an international tribunal in Tokyo Six of Tojos 24 codefendants also were sentenced to hang The others received prison sentences 6 Others Sentenced to Hang for Roles in War meanwhile waited to effect the involved would have on negotiations to settle the strike now nearing the end of its first year The union has been charged with violating the TattHartley act by insisting on closed shop conditions in newspaper compos ing rooms Swygert found the union and its 4 top officers guilty of contempt last month on grounds that they failed to abide by an injunction he issued last March 27 Hang 15 Germans for War Crimes Landsberp Germany teen guards and officials at the Mauthausen concentration camp were hanged Friday in another of a long series of war crimes execu tions The Germans were convicted by a U S war crimes tribunal of slaying thousands at the notorious camp including American and British paratroopers INJURED SERIOUSLY Iowa City A C Keele 46 Rockwell City is in Mercy hospital here with serious injur ies suffered Thursday night when the car in which he and his wife were riding went off highway 6 east of Tiffin His wile suffered a broken shoulder Anamosa Inmate Is Killed in Fall Anamosa UR Ronald C Gor don 21 Fort Dodge was killed instantly Friday when he fell from a boiler in the Anamosa state re formatory power plant Gordon was committced to the Think Distress Signals From Missing B29 San Francisco dis tress signals believed to be from a B29 Superfortress missing for 5 days between Japan and Guam with 11 men aboard were inter cepted Friday by at least 5 coast guard radio stations The coast guard reported the faint message from a portable GibsonGirl transmitter appar ently originated about 120 biles east of Saipan The coast guard said the barely audible distress signal was heard by radio listening posts at San Francisco Seattle Honolulu the coast guard weather ship Fox and several merchant ships It gave the identification number the reported its position as 1515 north latitude and 14805 east longitude That position is near Saipan The B29 missing since Tues day was on a flight from Okinawa Tokyo on the gal lows was decreed Friday for Hid eki Tojo the cold calculating Japanese who led his country to ruin in the worlds bloodiest war and 6 of his top leaders Life imprisonment was meted out to 16 others including the Marquis Kochi Kido close adviser to the emperor A 17th Chigenori Togo foreign minister at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack drew 20 years in prison Aging 7 Years peglegged Mamoru reformatory June 11 from Bobne county for a 10year term for the theft of from a Boone tavern the night of April 25 to Guam when it disappeared A radio message believed to be from the Supcrfort at that time re ported it was on fire and going to ditch at sea Shigemitsu the statesman who hobbled aboard the battleship Mis souri to sign the surrender terms in Tokyo bay got 7 years impris onment An 11nation court convicted all 25 defendants of war crimes It sat for more than 21 years It took only 21 minutes to read the sent ences Sir William Webb of Australia president of the court pronounced the sentences in a deathly silent and packed courtroom Each man filed in separately and stood in an otherwise empty prisoners dock to hear his sentence Each at tempted to suhdue emotion but varied reactions were noticeable Wan Smile Tojo took his death sentence with a wan smile He bowed po litely to the court as did most of itary cooperation Top diplomats in Washington may try to decide next week whether to expand the proposed alliance to Italy Portugal Norway Denmark Iceland and Ireland a Washington dispatch said The United States is expected to be asked to pay for rearming the alliance An informed diplomatic source said the 5 members of the alliance will start a draft Friday of west ern European views All 5 are known to favor the plan in prin ciple 1000 passengers who will be brought to New York Friday on 4 special trains U S customs has set up a spe cial department at the Canadian port to expedite the handling of luggage for the incoming passen gers Cunard also ordered the liner Britannic to change course and put into Halifax with 933 passen gers as did the HollandAmerica line with its ship the Veendam with 585 passengers Shotlike holes in regular rows on the trunks of old apple tulip and Australian pine trees are made by sapsuckers not wood peckers The sapsucker feeds on the inner bark of the trees No New Angles Seen in Chavis Inquiry Ames UR Authorities said Friday that no fresh angles are expected for several days in their investigation of the slaying of Hen ry W Chavis 55 prominent Ames canner Services for the slain were conducted Thursday at the First Methodist church here as police reviewed meager evidence picked up in 4 days of intensive investiga tion Story County Attorney Ed J Kelley said that 25 persons have been questioned since the fatal shooting early Monday but he added there still are a thousand and one things to check on the other men Seventyfour year old Gen Jiro Minami former war minister seemed befuddled and surprised with his Sentence of life imprison ment Gen Hiroshi Oshima for mer ambassador to Germany stood arrogantly as he vas sent enced to life and stalked away without the polite bow Japanese greeted the sentences in varied ways Some said they thought more would be hanged and others said they were sorry for the defendants Bridges Sees Emergency Situation Says Speedy Action Necessary to Keep Country From Reds Washington fP Senator Bridges RN H Friday urged President Truman to call an im mediate special session of con gress to consider aid for China Bridges made the suggestion in a statement issued from his office here Bridges himself was in Des Moines Iowa for a speech The republican senator is chair man of the special watch dog congressional committee on for eign aid That group was set up to keep check on the multibillion dollar expenditures of this country for foreign aid both in Europe and the far east Fears Red Control Bridges said he fears that un less American aid is made effec tive immediately the communists will take over the whole of China lock stock and barrel A special session of congress he said would allow the admin istration to place the real facts before congress and the American public regarding the Chinese situation He said that congress should be able to take any speedy action necessary on the basis of such facts Bridges said those communist forces now spreading over all north China are no simple group of indignant patriots but are con trolled from the Kremlin in Mos cow and are part of the world wide communist movement Gnaw Out Vitals Unless effective American aid is made available Bridges said the communists may even sweep into control of Nanking and Shanghi Bridges said the Chinese com munists now are gnawing out the vitals of our friend and ally China He added Even the U S state depart ment chief advocate of our pre vious contradictory and do noth ing policy toward China now admits the situation there is de teriorating very fast and there is a grave problem Brands Jap War Crimes Trial Farce Tokyo Cunning ham Des Moines attorney for Hiroshi pshima said Friday the Tokyo trial was a farce and convinced him more than ever that we cannot prevent wars by prosecution of the leaders of the defeated nation after victory He said the judgment confirmed every charge he had made against the Tokyo trials during his Seat le speech in September before the Bar association He said creation and composition of le court was the greatest of all vils of the trial while the selec ion of accused made proceedings esemble the confession mills of he Soviet Union The exemption of the emperor the grounds of expediency GlobeGazette Photo Citys first snow of the season caught these vehicles outof doors Thursday night And this is the way the 2 children of Staff Photographer E L Musser of the GlobeGazette found their wagons Friday morning The children are Anita Musser left and Larry Musser 3 right The records showed inches of snow fell Congratulates President on His Election Vatican City Pope Pius XII congratulated President Tru man on his election victory anc the president replying said he was humbly seeking divine guid ance in the quest for peace th Vatican announced Friday The popes message expressec hope the presidents work woulc be crowned by peace and prosper ity The pontiff added that thes wishes were accompanied by pray ers for the presidents family Replying the president thanke the pontiff and added Our fields of work while dis tinct have some objects in com mon The happiness of humanity peace and concord among the na tions of the world The times ar difficult and events are grave wit consequences In a spirit of pro found humility I ask guidanc of Divine Providence nakes the whole proceeding arce Cunningham said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy through Saturday becoming Fri day night Low Friday night 25 to 30 high Saturday 38 Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Low tempera tures Friday night 3540 Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Temperatures vill average near normal Normal highs from 44 north to 50 south Normal lows from 26 north to 30 south No major change in temperatures indicated Precipitation will average l10th to i inch with snow over most of the state Monday Minnesota Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Colder ex treme west Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 42 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Friday 32 Precipitation 13 SNOW H inches YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 13 ;