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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Press and United Pjess Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FKIDAY NOVEMBER 12 1943 NEW TAX BILL SENT TO HOUSE BY COMMITTEE Would Raise About Fifth of Total Asked for by Administration By FRANCIS M LEMAY Washington u new slogan by Chairman Doughton D N can shear a sheep every year but you can skin him but ways and menus committee headed to ward the house floor Friday with a tax bill Representative Carlson R committee member pre dicted the house and the coun try would accept this 2nd war time revenue measure is about onefifth the 000 asked by the administration It would provide new federal revenue lo supplement the ap proximately 538000000000 col lected under present tax laws The bill formally approved by the committee Thursday night calls principally for higher postal rates higher exceses on socalled horse rating amusements furs jewelry lip stick and other consumer and an increase in the wartime levy on corporation excess pro tits It alters but little the taxes on individual incomes and makes no change in the normal and surtax levies on corporate earnings The 20 per cent withholding rate against the taxable portions of wages and salaries would re main the same There is no re tail sales tax plan and present rates on estates and gifts not be disturbed Major provisions of the bill in clude 1 merger of Jhe victory lax with the individual income levy picking up in the pro cess by repealing the victory levy and raising the normal personal income rate from C to 10 per cent and adjusting some surtaxes Spe cial provisions arc made to re tain on the tax rolls some HOOO 000 persons now paying victoo levies but whose earnings are not large enough lo be affected by the regular income tax For these the income tax will approximate then former net victors payments 2 Boostspne postal rates rjsnc hike excises to bring in about Sl375000000 additional revenue 5479000000 of which would come fro mconsumcrs of liquor beer and wine Attev aboutfacing 4 times the committee decided to put the liquoi tax at S3 a gallon compared will the present S6 rate It previously had fluctuated between S8 am The beer tax would be jumper from 57 to S8 a barrel and wine increased all along the line There arc no increases in cigaret or othei tobacco excises The bill would raise the intown letter rate from 2 cents to 3 leav ing the outoftown charge at 3 cents jump the airmail rate from 6 cents to 8 double the 3rd class mail rales insured and COD mail and increase charges for regis tered mail and money orders No change is made in 2nd class rates or in special delivery charges 3 It would raise the excess profits tax on corporations and readjust the method of computing excess profits to pick up S61G 000000 addilionaly revenue 4 It would add 5140000000 by disallowing as deductions in per sonal income tax returns sums paid on excises such as gasoline cigaret and liquor taxes 5 The law governing renegoti ation of war for recov ery ot excessive pvoriis would be revised drastically The commit tee provided thai contractors dis satisfied with excess profits find ings of government renegotiation boards have the right uf appeal to the tax court of the United States affecting renegotiations had aft er April 28 1042 The measure would reduce the area of renegotiation by increas ing the existing exemption of 5100000 to S500000 exempting agricultural products and by pro viding discretionary exemption ot standard commercial article in cases where competitive condi tions have been restored Although the committee ap proved the SH2900000 bill in detail there still is n possibility ii may make some changes before tossing it on ihc house floor Moreover there is a chance it mav be rewritten in the senate when the administration may present its case for still higher taxes again Turns Hearse Into Truck for Pulp Wood Vorlhomc Minn URUnder taker Frank Collins explained Friday why he had turned Ins hearse into n truck to carry wood in the victory pulp drive Every body around here is getting so healthy cutting wood that nobody dies anymore he said I cant be waiting around for business and I might as well be healthy too So Ill haul wood in the hearse NO PRESIDENT AT TOMB OF UNKNOWN SOLDIEU President Roosevelt center watches as Admiral Wilson Brown right places the presidents wreath at Die tomb of the Unknown Soldier during the Armistice Day ceremony at Arlington cemetery With president Is Maj Gen Edwin Watson At left are left to right Secretary of War Stim son Secretary Navy Knox Lt Gen J T ilcNaniev Lt Gcu Thomas Holcomb and Vice Admiral R S Edwards Germans Gain Footholds on Dodecanese Island of Leros Cairo sea forces attacked the Britishheld Do deconese island of Leros Friday morning gaining footholds at some points a British middle east communique announced Friday Other landing attempts were repulsed and several German land ing craft were destroyed or aged the announcement con tinned Indicating are under where the that spirited battles way at the points nazis succeeded in landing the statement said that Italian forces are fighting side by side with the British Levos lies just north of Cos which was wrested from the British hy a German sen and air borne force several weeks ago Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobtGaieltc carrier boy PEASANTS FLEE EAST RUMANIA Tens of fhousands Are Evacuating Districts Bern Switzerland of thousands of Rumanian peasants were reported evacuating eastern Rumania in the path of the on rushing Russian army Friday jamming the important military highways over which the Germans art trying to hasten reinforce ments to the front With the red army now in strfk ing distance of the Rumanian frontier throngs ot panicslvicken refugees abandoned their farms in Bessarabia Bucovina and Mol davia in a mass flight toward the relative safety of the interior these reports said Nazi garrisons in the menaced provinces were understood to have been given orders to halt the evacuation nt all costs in order to clear the roads for military traffic Hundreds of refugees have been arrested Swiss sources sud the arrests had failed to halt the exodus however and that practically every highway leading westward from the frontier was jammed with farm buggies and slowmov ing ox carts loaded with refugees and their household possessions BOMBS SINK U S DESTROYER Loss of Beatty in Mediterranean Revealed Washington of the destroyer Beatty in the Mediter ranean as a result of aerial bomb ing was announced Friday by the navy The 1700ton Bealty went down Nov G but no details were given about the attack by German plane5 The sinking brings to 12 the number of naval vessels lost hi the Mediterranean and to 129 all American naval losses since the war started The Beatty uar the4th eiannounced lost this week OMAHA SCHOOLS WILL REOPEN Settlement Reached in Strike of Custodians Committee Approves AntiPoll Tax Bill Bilbo Plans Filibuster Washington senate judiciary committee Friday ap proved the antipoll tax bill by a vote of 12 lo G and Senator Theo dore Bilbo DMiss announced j on the door it would be filibus tered when it came up for debate The bill passed by the house last spring would abolish payment of a poll tax as i prerequisite to vot ing for president vice president and members of congress U svoutd nullify these levies in 3 southern states Buy Var Savings Eomls and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy SYNTHETIC RUBBER PLANT Worlds biggest plant for the production of butadiene chief ingredient of syn thetic rubber is being built on the Texas plains and will be operated by the oil profit The towers as high as 17story buildings were fabricated on the site and lifted into place by giant cranes The plant will turn out 100000 tons of butadiene a year enough lo fill of wartime needs Nazis Apply Torch to n j r c 41 i ALLIES IN ITALY as Ked forces otorm Ahead RUSSIA STATES LINE IN GOMEL SECTOR BROKEN Omaha 4 The custodians strike which closed 52 of Omahas iO public schools since Nov 1 has been settled on the basis of an SIS a month salary increase for the approximately 170 custodians Classes are expected to be re sumed Monday The settlement announced late Thursday night by Business Agent V Q LaPage of Building Service Employes union AFL came after union representatives and the school boards grievance commit tee conferred on 2 proposals of fered by the school board The custodians finally voted to accept the boards offer ot a flat SIS monthly raise above the pres ent basic pay for the remaining 10 months ot the schools fiscal year The strikers already had of fered to accept a S15 monthly raise provided they were paid tor the time they were on strike but the final settlement made no roen of pay for strike time School Board attorneys said the boird was prevented by law from paying for strike time Head custodians in the 55 ele mentary schools previously were paid a month assistant custodians in all schools and women helpers 56793 Only school board member to vote against the increase was George Tunison who said for the first lime in history of this city and state we see a duly consti tuted division of government forced to yield to a small mi nority Heavy Air Attacks j Made on Nazi Supply Routes in Europe IJy EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headciuarters Algiers IP bad weather and dii ficult terrain in front of the Ger mans winter defense line slowed the allied drive in Italy to limited sains allied headquarters an nounced Friday A 1mile advance by ll Gen Mark Clarks Americans of the 5lh army ami the capture of 1 more commanding feature on the slopes of Mount Caniino near MiKiiaim at the western end of the allied tine were announced Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys 8th army engaged in sharp patrol skirmishing near Acqun vivu in the central sector and ex changed artillery fire with the Germans across the Sangro river in the east A sharp German counterattack at Calabritto near Migiiano was beaten back by Clarks 5ih army and prisoners were tiikcn With little change in the past 24 hours along the whole length of the front allied air forces opened a new offensive on the supply lines oC the fortress of Europe Liberators of the 15th air force reached across the Alps into southern France for 2 smashing blows at railways and war indus Nazis Apparently Look for Attack in Northern Italy By LOUIS F KEEMLE United Press War Analyst German wrecking activities in the harbor of Leghorn in north central Italy indicate apprehension over the possibility ot an allied assault on their position in iorthern part of the peninsula GOP LEADERS RECEIVE GALL Will Meet to Plan National Convention Washington Republican leaders wilt meet in Chicago Ian 10 and 11 to select a date and place for the 19t national convention which the GOP hopes will be the springboard for return to national political power tries at Annecy cooperation and near Cannes with similar as saults by he RAF in Britain RAF Wellingtons struck hy night at the freight yards at Tralo near Florence The liberators were unescorted and all returned safely Despite the slow allied march the Germans apparently had little hope of holding Gacta very lo Aerial reconnaissance showed they had blown up the oil tanks at that west cousl port 9 miles behind the present lines Reconnaissance also brought back evidence that they had car ried out new demolitions it Leg horn sinking 2 more ships in Leg horn harbor in an effort to close its northern entrance The Ger mans apparently had decided to dispense with the use of Leghorn even for consUl senlud the harbor to impede an allied raids or coasthoppni landings There also was widespread al lied air activity over the from and behind the lines American invaders blew up an ammunition dump attacked a bridge strafed a locomotive and destroyed 4 trucks near Cassino 8 miles beyond Mignano War hawks attacked several strong points Bostons and Ballimores blew up a chemical works at Bussi 23 miles northeast of Avezzano and South African and British fighterbombers plastered numer ous gun positions Such apprehension would be by the strategic bomb ng of the 2 railway passages Trom Fiance to Italy and of Solzaiio on the lalian side ot the B r e n n e r ISS route Demolition oC the port of Pcs cara on the Adriatic side ii lot surprising since it is an obvious early objective ot the British 8th KEEMLE irmy and is at the head ot a direct rail and highway route to Rome Leghorn however is on the west coast far to the north of Rome and there has been no out ward sign of an allied move in that direction With the allies en trenched on Corsica and in com plete command of the sens there about Ihe Germans evidently suspect an attempt may be made at a landing in force on the west const Such an attempt could be aimed at cutting off the Italians the north from their forces defending Home and preventing the escape of the latter when Rome is taken Whether Ihe allies have any such intention the Germans have no way ot knowing They do know that it is militarily feasible if the allies want to divert that much of their strength lo the Italian campaign The allies have SD far not elected to make Italy a major bat tlefield in Europe not to regard it as Uic 2nd Ivonl Their main forces are being reserved for that front and have not been dis persed for a fullscale assault ii nor in the Whal the Germans are fight ing in southern Italy is a stroni delaying action The allies hav deployed what they consider suf ficient forces to complete the oc cupation of Home The Germans started out with a tncaccr 5 divisions Now the have found it necessary to raise the number according to unoffi cial reports lo 11 The additions divisions must have been drawn from northern Italy German strength ill the north Marines on Choiseul Discover New Use for Discarded Razor Blades JoliUcal power Chairman Harrison E Spanglcr a dcrui issued u cill Cor the meet Jlat tiou ing lo be held at the Stevens hotel The 105 national committee mem bers and no slate chairmen and Advanced Headquarters Swulh Pacific S marines who fought the Japanese on Choiseul island found a new use for dis carded razor blades Lt Col Victor Krulak who led marine paratroopers in a raid on the island said an old rayor blade weapon anyway and bio the way we used them Kruhik sti he picked out trees ipnncse snipers were most likely vice chairmen were invited mak lu set tilc bUlcics iiii it a doublebarreled affair Spanjjlcr has been ineetina state chairmen in regional groups on swings about the country This will be the first time he has had them all together since his elec tion to the chairmanship last De cember l The democrats also are expected t tn meet in aminry lo arrange for their convention Both parlies in he past have held these sitcsc IcctinH conferences in Washing ton But Spanglcr said transporta tion difficulties dictated the choice of a centrallylocated city For similar reasons both parties have been urged by Defense Transportation Director Joseph B Eastman to hold their conventions in Chicago Because the midwest proved the OOPs most important stronghold in the 1D42 elections and will be a mniii battleground in 194i the republicans more than likely will choose Chicago or some other midwesicrn metropolis The democrats also arc leaning toward Chicago h I fully in llicir bnk we opened fire the Japs assigned to sniper duty leaped for the trees Jic said They would climb about 10 feet up the trunk drop back and look at their bleed ins hands in amazement And then the marines knocked them oil Buy War Savings Konds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Archbishop Beckmans Sister Dies in Dubuque Duhucjuc Most Rev Francis J t Beckrnan Archbishop of Dubuque will pontificate al a solemn mass ot requiem Monday for Margaret A Bechman 66 his sister Miss Beckman a native of Cincinnati Ohio died Thursday at the archbishops residence after a long illness She had resided in I Dubuque since 1930 J THINK WERE LANDING ON FOREIGN SOIL NOW I WONT GET TO PAV MYI NEW5PAPERBOY TOMORROW 3ne Pilot Killed and Another Rescued After Mishaps at San Diego San Ditffo Cal LI Jordan Jr 23 of Dublin Ga was killed and another P38 pilot was rescued Irom San Dieijo bay ifter their planes collapsed in flight above a residential district army officers announced Fridav First U Veruc Yahnc Mitchell Dak was leading the 5planc formation when his oxygen sup ply failed causing him to lose con sciousness and let his plane go out ot control officers said Yulincs plane went into a steep dive and began to lall apart just as the pilot regained conscious ness Jordan second in the formation followed his leaders dive which he thought was part of the maneu vers and his plane too collapsed Irom the strain Botli pilots parachuted but picceoC wing from Jordans plant hit him as he fell killing him bc Iore he landed officers said Yahne was rescued after landing in the ADEQUATE FOOD TO BE PROVIDED Jones 44 Diet to Be Equal to Prewar Time Grand Rapids IMkb Food Administrator Marvin Jones told the national grange conven tion Friday that the American civilian diet in 1941 will be as good as in ihc prewar years Decisions now made indicate that for the coming year our civ ilian population have ade been proportionately so that perhaps not than half of it or divisions remains thus has weakened much more around 12 there Under lie circumstances and in view ot allied ability to cripple enemy communications across the Alps Ihe German fcais may pos sibly be justified and Ihc current struggle enlarged into a campaign to drive Ihc Germans out of all Italy Vour newspaper boy pays his hill every week you do your part by pay ing him every week SERBS ATTACK AT MANY POINTS Nazis Claim Motorized Umfs Smash Guerrillas London lorccs ol Gen losip Tito are smash ing at the Germans in succcsslul offensives in Macedonia Dalma tia Montenegro llcrcegovina and eastern Bosnia Fridays war bul letin said According to the communique only in Slovenia were the parti sans on Hie defensive while in Serbia heavy fighting was re ported in progress against Ger mans and units of Serb Chclniks Near Uzice in western Serbia GO Bulgarians were reported killed in fighting with occupation troops The Germans in radio broad casts however declared that they had thrown additional motorized formations into the northwest Balkans and that largescale operations already had smashed guerrilla resistance in the Mjvjevi ca mountains The town of Graz nica has been captured and ex tremely heavy losses have been inflicted on the partisan forces the Germans said Cairo dispatches quoting a Ti to communique said the Germans had conscripted Russian prisoners of war for service in the Balkuns Urge Floor Be Set on Hogs in Iowa Interior Des IWoincs Iowa AAA committee has appealed to Wash ington officials to set actual floors on hog prices for all interior Iowa markets The action was taken in order to make it possible for farm ers to spread out their marketings and case the strain on slaughter facilities mate supplies for health and pro ductive effort and that this will probably mean at least as much food per capita as in the prewar years both on a tonnage basis and in terms of food value Jones said Adequate food must be assured or the consuming public he as serted in a prepared speech but it the same time the public is equally determined to apportion he supply so that it can be an cf oclive weapon for war and hat adequate quantities can Jrovided for the armed forces and our allies Jones assured the grange it was WFAs purpose lo sec that the farmers receive adequate return icNt year for the alltime record crops they have been asked to produce To protect you in your plans for increased production you must know that these prices will continue through your harvest md see you through Jones said The nation and the consumer should be willing to share that re sponsibility and enable the sup port prices that are necessary It is our purpose to sec that you get these returns He promisee to continue coti Itution with cimyrcss un provi sions that uivc the price Jones declared however that Ihe pricrs should not be out line with ihe effort to prevent inflntion Muscovites 10 Miles From Last NorthSouth R R Route in Ukraine BULLETIN London Berlin radio announced a fresh retreat Friday nielli on the relatively quiet froycn front in iiurlh central Uus sia The Germans said they had withdrawn tn shortened posi liunssouth of the main highway between Smolensk and in area in which Russian accounts have saiil the ml array had driven a Clanking wedge to the south of Vitebsk German strong hold south of Nevcl London reported from Moscow Friday that the red iirmy had stormed to a point 10 niles northeast of the western Ukrainian rail center of Zhitomir 311 the last northsouth railroad ield by the Germans in the west ern Ukraine The Germans Mcrc said in vari ous Russian disuatchcs lo have led he torch lo the Crimean port of Kerch a city of 105000 invested from sides by Ilussian amphibious forces shuttlcii across the narrow Kerch straits from the Caucasus The Moscow radio declared the German line in the Gomel scctor of White Russia near the famed Pripet marshes has been brok en BBC said It was in this area that the Germans said Thursday the Russians wove attacking with numerous rifle divisions masses of tanks and planes The reported Russian gain in the Zhitomir area would mean an overnight advance of Gen Nikolai Vatuthfs first Ukrainian army of IB miles and plnce the Russians within 70 miles oC the old Polish frontier Henry C Cassidy Associated Press reporter iti Moscow said traffic is about at an end on Ihe KoroslenZliilomir sector of Ihe LeningrmlOdcsJa railroad The German communique as serted nazi uul Rumanian troops had halted Russian attempts to extend their bridgeheads around Kerch in the eastern Crimea and had thwarted efforts to reinforce the rcii army already on the east ern shores of the Black Sea pe ninsula Berlin said also the Germans had beaten back a Russian effort to cross the Dnieper river in the marshes around where the Germans hold heir lone bridgehead on the east bank of Ihc river In the area of Kiev thcbulltc in the depths nf the salient is JnuhiK with nndhninishcd vi olence the German said of the major Russian attack CO lo 71 miles west of the Ukrain ian capital southwest of ihc city at rone soviet attacks col lapsed while further south Ger man counterattacks succeeded in retaking several villages North of Chorniov in the Go mel the impetus of enemy attacks decreased as a result heavy casualties Nevertheless there svjs embittered fighting SCUAV IS COILECTFil DCS Moincs than f00 tons of scrap me In I were collected in Webster countys 1day scrap drive H C Flagman executive secretary of the slate salvage com mittee reported Buy IVar Savings JSoiicIs and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier hoy Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair through Saturday night no decided chance in tem perature Mason City Fair Friday niijhl Saturday and Saturday night cooler Friday niyhl lowest tcm peraluve in Mnson City 15 Minnesota Fair Friday night and Saturday except partly cloudy northeast portion Friday night Colder Friday night continued cold Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 30 Minimum Thursday night 24 At 8 a m Friday 25 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 26 cKorostenJ RUSSIA REDS XEAR So viet forces were reported near Zhitomir vital rail junction after Vasilcv A in the forked drive on the region west of Kiev In the south the Ukrainian army mass ins for a drive B into the Crimea ;