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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 11, 1948

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 11, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME V i i if THI MEWSFAtEK THAT MAKES ALL NOtTM 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 11 194g swirls around the No 1 tesk fWt nfVMn w off the bow in exercises by the first iasK iieet ott Washington coast Wednesday The ship later sank Still Favors Peace Mission to Russia Chicago UR Wallace said Thursday he still favors a peace mission to Russia Wallace came here to attend national committee meetings of the progressive party which will continue through Sunday The ses sions will be closed Wallace progressive presidential candidate in the last election de clined to comment on the partys plans or its election showing Asked whether he still approves of sending a mission to Moscow Wallace said I have been in favor of that proposal all the time Strikes Tie Up East Coast Maritime Walkout Hits Philadelphia New York UR Spreading maritime strikes tied up most shipping on the east and west coasts Thursday Only gulf ports were free of labor trouble Some 6500 AFL longshoremen in Philadelphia walked out Thurs day to join the wildcat strike started in New York and Boston Wednesday by members of the International Longshoremens As sociation Baltimore and Norfolk were the only 2 major east coast ports where traffic was still moving normally But as local after local rejected a contract offer by ship owners of a 10cent hourly pay raise indications grew that all 45000 of the ILAs members along the east coast would soon be on strike Joseph P Ryan international president of the ILA who had urged the men to accept the 10cent offer declared himself in sympathy with the strikers and said he would demand higher wages and better working condi tions in new negotiations The union has been asking a 50cent increase On the west coast new efforts were begun Thursday to settle a 71dayold strike of 30000 CIO and independent longshoremen and seafarers with a meeting be tween union and shipping com pany leaders under auspices of the federal conciliation service McGrath Flies to Key West to Join President Truman Key West Fla J Howard McGrath democratic na tional chairman is flying here to join President Truman at his va cation retreat This 30th anniversary of the close of the first World war found Mr Truman relaxed but never theless keeping close watch on world problems through advices from the state department McGrath is accompanied by William Boyle a special assist ant on the national committee staff Their arrival likely will lead to a thorough discussion of pros pective changes in the cabinet and other top level administrative posts Meanwhile the president shaved off his vacationgrown mustache and chin whiskers in anticipation of the arrival of Mrs Truman and Margaret his daughter Friday Senator Alben W Barkley the vice presidentelect who joined the president here earlier in the week is flying over to Havana Friday to visit briefly with Presi dent Carlos Prio Socorras Barkley who has never been to Cuba will be accompanied by Leslie L Biffle director of the senate democratic policy commit tee and the probable new secre tary of the senate when it reor ganizes in January Americans Are Urged to Work Pray for Peace Washington lead ers urged all Americans on this Armistice day to work and pray for the peace that 440000 of their countrymen died to achieve through 2 World wars At Arlington National cemetery just across the Potomac river from the the American Legion paid tribute to the Unknown Sol dier of World war I A wreath was laid on the tomb by Col Louis H Renfrew assistant military aide to President Truman Navy Secretary John L Sullivan asked all citizens to join in a prayerful petition that God may give us the wisdom and the cour age to do all those things which need to be done to keep this Amer ica safe and this world of ours at peace Air Secretary W Stuart Syming ton appealed in a statement for re newed determination to help bring about a lasting peace through full support of an increas ingly effective international or ganization devoted to establishing the basis of world understanding ACCIDENTALLY SHOT Amana Moser 46 accidentally shot and killed him self while cleaning a shotgun at his home here Wednesday He was weaver at the Amana mills Japanese War Crimes Trial Hears Finish Tokyo UR Former Premier Hideki Tojo and 24 other onetime Japanese warlords probably will hear their fate from the far eastern war crimes tribunal Friday The 11nation tribunal neared the end ofthe longest trial in his tory Thursday The verdict was due at the next court session open ing Friday morning which is early Thursday evening in the United States On the eve of judgement day the conviction of some or all of the 25 shapers and wielders of Japans wartime policy of aggres sion appeared certain if so they will be sentenced as soon as the individual verdicts are pronounced Sir William Webb presiding justice took up the last phase of the 250000word judgement Thursday the 6th day of the read ing of the decision based on a trial of 2i years It was a solid condemnation of the Japanese government and the men who handled its policy for atrocities committed in China and later in other Pacific war theaters Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Thursday with lowest temperature 2530 Friday mostly cloudy and warmer with high near 50 high Friday in low 40s Iowa Partly cloudy little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday Low Thursday night 2835 Minnesota Fair south partly cloudy north portion Thursday night A little warmer south west and west central portions Friday increasing cloudiness with rain or snow beginning southwest portion Friday after noon or night Somewhat warm er southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 42 Minimum 28 At 8 a m Thursday 28 Precipitation 02 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 7 Rail Unions Confer Over Wage Offer Chicago officials representing most of the nations locomotive engineers firemen and switchmen met Thursday to de cide whether to accept the rail roads offer of a 10cent hourly raise More than 300 officials of the Brotherhood of Locomotive En gineers the Brotherhood of Loco motive Firemen and Enginemen and the Switchmens union of North America assembled to de cide an issue vital to railroad labor peace The 3 unions represent 125000 key employes of the nations 132 major railroads Last May they threatened a nationwide strike and the government seized the rail roads to keep them running The dispute was over the unions demand for a 2nd round wage in crease of 30 per cent Under terms of a governmentnegotiated settle ment they eventually got a cent hourly raise or 12 per cent French Protest Ruhr Decision Against Germans Running Industry Paris French govern ment protested to the United States and Britain Thursday against the AngloAmerica deci sion to put the vital Ruhr steel and coal industries under German management The properties were turned over to the Germans on a temporary and limited basis Wednesday by Generals Lucius D Clay and Sir Brian Robertson Eventual disposi tion of the properties will be de cided by a representative freely elected government for all of Germany or western Germany alone Meantime the German man agers will not be allowed to dis tribute earnings or dispose of shares or capital assets of the com panies without approval of the military governments The French protest was deliv ered by Foreign Minister Robert Schuman It said the French gov ernment would not be bound by the decision or any actions that might result from it The official announcement said the decision ran counter to long established French policy against German management of Ruhr in dustries Allied Planes Still Flying Berlin Route Face Threat of Being Forced From Sky by Russians Berlin American and British planes flew the supply route to Berlin Thursday in the race of a Russian threat to force down planes straying from the 20mile wide air corridors to the former German capital The American answer to the Russians threat made Wednesday night was a terse promise from Gen Lucius D Clay American military governor that we will keep them flying Both British and U S authori ties said publicly the Russians would be held responsible for any action they take Violation List The Russians citing a long list of alleged violations of their ter ritory also said they would force down all aircraft without identi fication marks of nationality fly 20ne including presumably nonmilitary planes not carry nationality markers The Russians have com plained of commercial flights in the Berlin air corridors Some official sources tended to discount the soviet note as another move in the war of nerves Would Obey Reds Although both Britain and the U S have said in the past they would use fighter escorts if neces sary to keep the airlift going American pilots said they had standing orders to obey any soviet fighter plane seeking to force them to land A senior American air officer who declined to be quoted bv name said If this is a Russian it looks like called it Now it remains to be seen how far they intend to go the 3 air corridors The 2nd threat refers which to do Incubator Is Shipped for British Heir Washington UR The com merce department has authorized shipment of a kingsized incu bator to London for possible use by Princess Elizabeths baby Officials said an export license was obtained about a week ago by an unnamed Philadelphia export er The application stated that the incubator was for the use of the British royal heir Presumably the princess doc tors ordered it merely as a pre cautionary measure The baby is expected next week Officials said the incubator has been or will be flown from La Guardia field New York to Kings College hospital in London PAYS OFF BET Princeton N J UR Sout 205 pound Dewey supporter paid off an election bet Wednes day by pushing Eddie Sweeney 255 pounds up a 3 mile hill in a wheelbarrow while Sweeney drank most of a case of beer Wants Closed Shop Clause in New Law Washington UR Senator EI bert D Thomas prob able chairman of the senate labor committee next year proposed Inursday that congress restore the closed shop in any labor law passed to replace the TaftHartley act He also urged that the new law minimize the use of injunctions in labor disputes President Truman and the dem ocratic party are pledged to fight for repeal of the TaftHartley act Retiring Rep Fred A Hartley Jr RN coauthor of the labor bill predicted that republicans and southern democrats would team up to block repeal But he conceded that there would be drastic revisions in the law in cluding a revival of the closed shop Thomas a foe of the TaftHart ley law will play an important part in framing whatever law is enacted by the democratic con gress to replace it He is the only senator who served on the labor committee during passage of both the Wagner act of 1935 and the TaftHartley law of last year That latter statute prohibits closed shop contracts which re quire new workers to belong to unions before they may be hired It permits a restricted form of the union shop under which new em ployes can be required to join unions within 30 days This Paper Consists of Two One No Xf Want A mbly t Take Berlin Disput China War Rages North of Yangtze Nanking The greatest battle in Chinese ing more than 1000000 men by government north of the Yangtze Thursday with communist troops having a slight numerical advantage Government Spokesman Lt Gen Teng WenYi said the battle was joined along the Suchow de fense line which guards the road to the national capital Teng said government troops outfought the Reds during the opening phases of the giant battle but that they had made successive withdrawals to shorten their lines He said Reds under generals Chen Yi Liu PoCheng and Chen Keng already were throwing all available manpower into the fight on which hinges the fate of north central China The government too was bring ing up reinforcements Teng said with some troops from along the PeipingHankow railroad line already moved into battle Send American Guns to China Report Lacks Detail Official Statement Washington first ma jor shipment of American guns and ammunition to China since the communist sweep in Man churia was said Thursday to be nearly ready for departure The report lacked details and official confirmation But it came from both Chinese and American sources after the state department disclosed that more than 000000 has been withdrawn by China from the con gress voted this year for military assistance Most of the money has been paid over to the army for arms ammunition vehicles and radios which the Nanking government has said Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks nationalist forces must have to stem the communist ad vance in north China Shipments thus far have been confined large ly to equipment rather than actual weapons and fonnants said The defense FALLS 40 FEET Marengo G E Hodges 55 Des Moines a Rock Island rail road worker Wednesday fell 40 feet from a coal chute here onto a load of coal He was in critical condition in a Cedar Rapids hos pital ammunition in department has authority from President Truman to help China by turning over supplies from U S military stocks The Chinese must pay what it costs to replace the sup plies Other developments meanwhile testified to the urgent attention being given Chinas plight by top level administration officials Wife Wins Divorce After Spanking Chicago UR An attractive brunet won a divorce Thursday because her husband spanked her with a branch from a thorn tree Mrs Betty J Mack 25 testified that she and her husband Henry 39 took their 3 small sons on a picnic to Little Sturgeon Wis last June She said her husband wanted to eat in their cabin while she and the children wanted to dine out doors Her husband spanked her so hard she said that I couldnt sit down for 3 weeks Sharp Fight on Farm Price Supports Seen in Congress Portland Maine sharp fight in the next congress over farm price support laws was forecast Thursday by leaders of the national Grange Here for the farm organizations 82nd annual convention Grange leaders expressed opposition to a congressional proposal for drastic revision of a longrange farm law passed by the republican controlled 80th congress They also predicted the propos al would be opposed by President Truman and his agricultural de partment Revision Proposal The revision proposal was made in Washington Wednesday by Rep Cooley DN who is due to become chairman of the powerful house agricultural com mittee in January Cooleys attack on the GOP program was directed principally at its change of the present form ula for calculating the socalled parity or fair farm prices and a shift to a flexible support program Both are due to become effective in 1950 Parity is a price calculated to give farmers a return on their products equal to that prevailing in a former period generally fa vorable to agriculture Support Provisions The Grange as well as the American Farm Bureau federa tion supported these provisions when they were before the last congress Albert S Goss master of the national Grange said his farm or ganization was expected to oppose the revision In his keynote speech at the opening session of the Grange GOP law as providing essential defenses against another farm depression Herschell D Newsome master of the Indiana state Grange and member of the conventions com mittee on agriculture predicted the Grange would fight Cooleys plan to kill improvements in the federal farm program CATCHING THE LINER IN GaSile Mahfouz of Egypt is helped aboard the liner De Grasses from a tug in the middle of the Hudson river Wednesday after she missed the ship in the confusion at the pier re sulting from a waterfront strike Two others also boarded the ship in this manner Herbert Hoover Urges Labor Department Be Strengthened Washington Presi urged partment and the removal of 20 000 postermasterships from poli tics He also advocated the crea tion of a betterpaid career service in government Hoover spoke as chairman of the 12member bipartisan commission on organization of the executive branch He gave reporters several tentative findings of the commis sions task forces on streamlin ing the federal establishment Saves Money He predicted the final recom mendations if adopted after being presented to congress in January will save a good many million dollars when placed in operation for say 5 years The commission has reached tentative but unanimous conclu sions on 3 of its 24 fields of study Hoover said He named them as 1 Creation of a service agency to be a presidential staff It would embrace the budgetmaking ac tivities supply procurement ac counting and other functions now performed by various agencies which provide services for the rest of the government Career Service 2 Organize a career service to cut the tremendous turnover of civil servants Pay increases for employes above the level should be granted The civil service commission should be stripped of its laborrecruiting function and this task should be handed back to the various agen cies 3 Reorganize the postoffice de partment to cut its deficit by per haps to a year This would involve setting it up as a revolving fund agency which sells a product and uses the money to meet its ex penses instead of an agency wholly dependent on appropria tions even for the purchase of bicycles Radio Station is Damaged by Flames Marshalltown ire b e lieved due to defective wiring heavily damaged the studios of radio station KFJB owned by the Marshalltown TimesRepublican here at 9 a m Thursday Within a few moments the flames were reported under con trol by the Marshalltown fire de partment Paul Millin general manager of the station said broad casting would be virtually unin terrupted The studios are at main and 2nd streets opposite the TimesRepublican plant MARKETS CLOSED New York sec convention Goss described the urity and commodity markets were closed Thursday in obser vance of Armistice day Markets in Canada were closed for Re membrance day while those in Europe operated as usual Artificial lights to make the day 13 hours long during winter months will improve egg produc tion Out on Complaint at Chrysler Detroit shifts failed to report to 3 Chrysler Corpplants Thursday as the total of idle work ers grew to 12000 Disciplining of 3 workmen members of the CIO United Auto Workers started the walkouts Tuesday night Several hundred more employes were sent home from night shifts Wednesday night when production stopped at all 3 plants More than 7000 were off the job at the JeffersonKercheval body and assembly plants A body shortage closed the DeSoto assem bly line idling more than 1200 dayshift workers Approxi mately 3500 were nightshift jobs away from To Stop Work in Germany Unions Demonstrate for Lower Prices Frankfurt and one half million union members in the British and American zones of Germany will stage a 24 hour work stoppage Friday to press their demands for lower prices Workers on the Berlin airlift employes of hospitals public util ities and police will not join the walkout But communists have promised to support it with violent riots cil said the Oct 28 riot in Stutt gart in which several were in jured was just the beginning of a wave of demonstrations Despite the communist threat union leaders promised there would be no violence They said members had been instructed to to w conduct the walkout quietly avoid having the British American military governments use force to end the strike wa Find Dewey Buttons in Parking Meters n Francisco to Los Angeles in less between the 2 cities Reds Level Old Charges Against West Say U S Britain Wreck Attempts to End Deadlock Paris top officiate in the united nations were reported working Thursday night on a move to take the Berlin dispute out of the security council and put it before the 58nation gen eral assembly Dr Herbert V Evatt of Aus tralia president of the assembly was reported to have initiated the move He is expected to propose to onevof the big 4 powers that the Berlin case be considered by the assembly in the light of a Mexican resolution appealing to the United States Russia Britain and France to resolve their dif ferences The assembly recently adopted the Mexican resolution unanimously Reds Rap West In the political committee Rus sia charged once again that Brit ain and the United States wrecked attempts to end the Berlin block ade She also charged that the western powers junked attempts at limitation of arms and were responsible lor a new arms race Juan A Bramuglia Argentine delegation chief who heads the security council for November lunched with soviet delegate An drei Y Vishinsky Thursday This looked like the beginning of a fresh attempt to mediate the Ber lin issue Bramuglia led the pre vious attempt for the socalled neutrals of the security Argentina Colombia B e 1 g i u nij Canada China and Syria Confers With Lie Bramuglia also has been con ferring with SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie Lies legal experts are studying the Berlin currency situ ation the Gordian knot of the Ber lin crisis I The United States Britain and France tossed the quarrel with Russia over Berlin to the security council a month ago charging Russias blockade menaced peace Russia on Oct 25 vetoed a com promise settlement offered by neutrals Russia insists matters concerning Germany should be settled in the 4 power foreign min isters council 2 Youths Die in Car Train Crash Des Moines Berwick I high school youths were killed Thursday when the car in which they were riding collided with a freight train The accident occurred at a Great Western railroad crossing on the north edge of Berwicka community of 250 persons about a mile and half northeast of Des Moines Dead were Francis Thurman 19 driver and owner of the automobile Ben Beem 16 a passenger Thurmans car The car collided with an 89ciar freight as the youths were enter ing Berwick Man Is Killed When Car Leaves Bridge LeMars Norton 38 of Merrill was killed Wednesday night when his car ran off a bridge and plunged into West Branch river 6 miles west of here Sheriff Frank Scholer said Nor tons car apparently skidded on and Iu muddy country road and went ana through the bridge railing Norton i was pinned in the car under the water Scholer said OUT OF HOSPITAL Des Moines Mrs Richard haumberg 23 of Clarion com seated for polio at Lutheran hos plained Thursday that motorists Pital here has been released art trying to use Dewey campaign buttons in the citys parking meters Police Sgt Eugene Hughes said the buttons clog the meters BREAKS RECORD Los Angeles Robert De Haven flying a national guard F80 jet plane streaked from San BUck ftec mtnmt M ;