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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 11, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME BEMHTMENT OF HISTORY Awa AHCHIVEJ MO INC3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL Lilt Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 11 1946 This Paper Consists of Two One No 28 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MIUOII CHj p m WIAD QuiacT 111 Mon p m WOI Ames Xneidtr m WSU1 City f m Education for Our Atomic Age OUR country this week is ob serving American Education week The theme given to the ob servance is education for the atomic age The objective of the effort is to stimulate public in terest in our schools more than that a sympathetic understanding of what needs to be done and how to do it It will be a week of stocktaking and appraisal This annual event was launched back la 1920 by the National Edu cation association and the Ameri can Legion working togethvrUn til this year it has followed at least roughly the same pattern year after year But now a new element has been projected into the atomic energy Its implication is too plain to be missed by persons of intelligence Its either ONE WORLD or NO WORLD And the schools have a major role in driv ing this stark fact into the worlds thinking pERHAPS the one best augury for productive accomplishment from our schools today is that those in charge the educatorsare their own severest critics No one of them has pride in the fact that 3 million adults living in the United States have never at tended any kind of school No one of them has pride in the fact that 10 million adult Americans have had so little schooling that they are virtual illiterates Nobody realizes more accutely than the educator that for many America is not a land of oppor tunity so long as half of the brightest and most talented youth of the nation leave school prema they have had the kind and amount of schooling which would be justified by both their ability andthe demands of our way of life Avere not in any school in number was substantially mcreascd during the war years MANY an American community least a few of them in pitifully served by its school system with inadequate physical facilities and with teach ers paid less than the humblest day laborer Teachers generally are conver sant with the facts here recited and are crying out against snch conditions The thing needed now is an aroused public While there are exceptions to the rule of course its true in education as in other fields that you get what you pay for The exception to the rule is that oc casional teacher who is so con secrated to her profession that she will teach in spite of starva tion rations But no community is safe in building its school sys tem on such an unreliable foun dation A more enlightened viewpoint is that schools are investments in human resources that educa tion yields economic as well as social returns This close relation ship between the economic well being of people arid their educa tional opportunity has been em phasized repeatedly by business men and economists In terms of national eSucational needs schools have been greatly underfinanced What the future holds for the nation depends largely upon what will he spent for schools Larger expenditures for education are necessary If schools are to carry out their re construction tasks efficiently States need to evaluate and in crease their school appropriations in accordance with the equaliza tion principle And federal finan cial support distressing though it may be to many is an imperative in communities which are unable to offer a minimum of education al federal finan cial support without federal con trol A survey in 1944 revealed that the annual cost per pupil in average daily attendance was in the United States as a whole The differences however in outlay between the states at the top and those at the bottom were enormous Whereas New STork state spent S198 per pupil Mississippi spent only 54235 New Jersey Cali fornia Illinois and Massachusetts were in the top bracket with New York while Arkansas Alabama Georgia and Tennessee were com panions with Mississippi in the lower bracket Iowas showing alas was not too good Who will say that under our constitutional guarantee of equal ity of opportunity to all the youngster in those southern states even though a Negro or in Iowa isnt entitled to substantially as good a break as the youngster for CONTrNUED ON PAGE 2 TRUMAN URGES COOPERATION French Reds Win Assembly Power Paris communists emerged Monday as the strong est party in Frances new fourth republic but the outcome of Sun days national election seemed unlikely to bring a strictly left wing government On the basis of incomplete re turns from balloting for a na tional assembly some nejr coali tion appeared probable in place of the combine of popular repub cans communists and so cialists which controls the cur rent provisional government Prior to the election the com munist party and the MRP each promised if elected to shut out the other from any new cabinet but Man Killed in Rail Accident Near Clarion n e trainman was killed and 2 others injured when Chicago Great Western passenger train No 31 from Minneapolis to Omaha Was derailed 3J miles northeast of Clarion Saturday afternoon Homes of all 3 are at Clarion The injured were re ported improving Monday D R Bingham section fore man died Saturday night at the Clarion General hospital from Durns which covered a large part of his body F E Sharp engineer suffered less severe burns and Lyman Hanson fireman a fractured jaw and lacerations Hospital physicians said the de gree of Binghams burns was not so great but death was due to the large surface of the body that was burned Bingham got on the engine at Belniond after completing his days work and was on his way home when the accident occurred Reports from Clarion stated that the tender left the track first the engine following Approximately 1000 feet of track were torn up Both engine and tender turned over on the rightofway The passengers on the train were taken to a hotel at Clarion and later in the evening left by westbound bus for their tions GreatWestern wrecking crews fraffic was practically back to nor mal Sundaymorning Bingham is survived by his wife a daughter and ason Funeral services for Mr Bing ham will be held Tuesday at p m at the Methodist church in Rowan the Rev Willard S Cun ningham officiating Burial will be in the Howan cemetery The Eyler funeral home is in charge PURELY ACCIDENTAL Nanking ff Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek spent an hour Sunday signing various registra tion books to become a delegate to the national assembly which is to convene Tuesday When the en rollment was over he drew seat No 1 This the clerks said was purely accidental insisting that all seats were drawn by lot PRESIDENT BIDATJLT PariyJLosesLcad LEWIS JOINS IN SOFT COAL TALK Secretary Krug Also Present for Meeting Washington fP John L Lewis opened negotiations with Secre tary of Interior J A Krug Mon day on a pay increase for 400000 soft coal miners threatening anew JO strodeyiinsmiUhg into the big in tiirior department conference room heading a group of 26 other mine workers officials They in cluded district presidents of soft coal producing areas Coal mines Administrator N H Collisson and other interior de partment officials accompanied Krug who has challenged Lewis right to open the government wage contract which the 2 made last spring Lewisdeclined to give any hint to reporters whether he would make public his demands which he has held off during more than a week of preliminary negotiations between a union committee and Collisson Krug has been touring the south west and during his absence Lewis took no part in the sessions the election results seemed to have made this impossible The communists ousted Presi dent Georges Bidaults MRP from the legislative lead winning back the place they took in the first constituent assembly elected Oct 21 3945 and lost in the second election last June 2 On the strength of their gains the communists were in position to claim the premiership and were expected to advance Maurice Thorez for the post against al most certain opposition from nearly all other parties Party Secretary Jacques Duclos said the communists were ready to assume all the responsibilities implied by our great success But there seemed little chance they could form a leftist majority in the legislature or in a cabinet AntiMarxist parties gained too while the socialists lost heavily As aresult the MRP remained the possible spearhead of a powerful anticommunist bloc Interior minister figures for 582 deputies elected from conti nental France Corsica Algeria and French West Africa gave the communists 170 scats the MRP 159 the socialists 95 the leftist rally mainly radical socialists 58 the rightists republican party of liberty and Gaullist union 52 andindependents 48 Thus the communists and so cialists provided they could get together would command 265 votes while the MRP theoretical ly could amass 269 with the rad ical socialists and rightists not taking into account the predom inately rightist character of many of the independents Returns from the colonies on 36 additionalseats are not expected to change the balance of power materially The 618 deputies will serve 5 years in the assembly the nations most powerful body un der a constitution the voters adopted Oct 13 Thenational assembly will have 32 more seats than the last con Takingthis InteriorTninis try figured netgaihs of 20 12 14 and 5 seats respectively for the communists leftist Tally rightists and independents and net losses of 3 and 25 respectively for the MRP and socialists among the 544 deputies elected from continental France and Corsica In popular votes incomplete re turns gave the communists 4 966786 MRP 4312281 socialists 3132293 leftist rally 1910086 re publican party of liberty PRL and rightist affiliates 2247413 and minor parties 513687 The total vote cast was expected to approach 20000000 Hills Wife Dies New York Max Hill 38 wife of an NBC news com mentator and former Associated Press staff member died Sunday night AP Wirephoto AIRLINER 2 persons the pilot and copilot were killed in the wreck of an United Airlines airplane near Cleveland Ohio Seventeen passengers and the stewardess escaped with injuries early Monday when the plane struck high tension wires and trees and crashed during a rainstorm Cleveland United Air lines plane crashed into trees and high tension wires just north of Cleveland airport early Monday killing the pilot and copilot and injuring 17 passengers and the stewardess The plane bound from Chicago io Boston crashed during a rain storm The plane cleared Chicago at central standard time and was due at Cleveland air port at a m The victims Pilot F L Brown 44 Chicago Copilot Robert L Arnold 25 Hammond Ind The plane was demolished as it spun into the ground the engines being torn from the wings and the fusilage breaking in half Fred Pasko a truck driver be lieved to be one of the few wit nesses said he noticed the plane about 2000 feet north of the air port flying low He said the planes landing lights were on and the landing gear was down There was a flash as the plane hit some wires and the street lights went out Pasko said Then the plane crashedinto some trees spun around and hit the ground Stewardess on the plane was Miss Betty Dobson 25 of Chi cago The passengers and stewardess were rushed to 3 Cleveland hos pitals but half of them were re leased almost immediately after treatment for small cuts and bruises Extent of injuries to the others was not available immedi ately The injured included Albert Brady Omaha released from the hospital f Truman Urges Industry and Labor Truce Washington Tru man Monday advocated an armis tice between labor and manage ment in his first public statement since he junked wage and price controls Wartime curbs on the 2 groups were lifted after 5 years when Mr Truman swept ceilings off all items except rents sugar and rice Rent increases wereApparently inevitable to some government officials The subject of a labormanage ment truce came up at the presi dents Armistice day news con ference when a reporter asked whether he had noted such pro posals Mr Truman replied that he lad not heard of the suggestions aut said it is just what he has been urging since August 1945 when the war ended The chiefexecutive killed off the price and wage controls in a weekend order declaring 1 am convinced that their far ther continuance would do the na tions economy more harm than good At the same time the chief ex ecutive placed squarely upon management and labor the re sponsibility for economic stabil ity His decontrol edict brought im mediate promises from industry and business leaders that prices will be held at reasonable after a period of adjustment But some of these leaders tem pered their pledges with a big if wage demands dont upset the applecart From labor unions many of which already are seeking higher pay to offset living cost increases there was nothing but silence on the presidents action FATHER AND SON TRAIN VICTIMS Des Moines young father and a 14yearold boy both of Des Moines were killed Sunday when struck from behind by a Rock Island passenger train as they walked across a railroad trestle on their way to hunt squir rels and rabbits The mangled bodies of Robert Wright 25 father of 3 small chil dren and William Cheville were thrown into the grassy ditches along the tracks after being car ried about 100 yards by the train Engineer C O Hunckey Rock Island 111 who said he was traveling between 65 and 70 miles an hour told officers neither he nor the fireman saw the two Wright and the Cheville boy ap parently did not hear the train be cause a strong south wind The accident occurred just east of the city limits Truman Leads United States in Armistice Day Observance Washington visit by President Truman to the tomb of the unknown soldier and national guard flag ceremonies in some 45 state capitals gave martial color Monday to the annual observance of Ar mistice day Flanked by army navy and marine honor guards and a 21gun salute awaiting him Mr Truman arranged to place a wreath on the World war I shrine in nearby Arlington National cemetery He planned Io speak briefly Immediately afterwards the American Legion scheduled a cere mony in the Arlington ater with National Commander Paul H Griffith as the speaker In the slate capitals and the capitals of Puerto Rico and Ha waii the adjutants general mus tered representatives of some 3 000 national guard units to re ceive from the war department the colors standards and guidons carried in World war II At Austin Texas there were in ternational honors for the Texas national guards 36th infantry di vision which fought through Italy France and Germany The French government awarded the croix de guerre with palm decoration to be attached to the divisions col ors in appreciation of the hard fought advance by the 36th late in 1944 which helped free Alsace from the nazis Monday was the 2nd peacetime observance of the end of World war I since X941 But while much of the empha sis was on preparedness for the future the army took a dim of its chances of winning the new congress over to the idea of a compulsory military training pro gram Among those who stressed the preparedness theme in Armistice day statements was Gen Carl Spaatz army air forces comman der A secure nation he said is nation able to defend itself against any aggressor and we in the army air forces are deter mined that our every effort shall be dedicated to making sure that subsequent Armistice celebrations will be observed under free and tranquil circumstances Denver Girl Has 24 Christian Names Denver Denver girl is in for a bad case of writers cramp if she ever has to write her name in full She has 24 Christian names Paul A Henning father of a 16dayold daughter was im pressed by a Seattle man who had 17 given names He gave his daughter 24 names and he said she will select still another when she is confirmed Hennings Ann Bernadette Helen Therese Juanita Oliva Alice Louise Harriet Lucille Henrietta Celeste Corolla Con stance Cecile Margaret Rose Eu gene Yvonne Florentine Lolita Grace Isabelle bap tized in St Elizabeths church Sun day From a dozen to 500 mice are living on every acre of grain or pasture land in the States 3 INJURED WHEN VEHICLES CRASH i Loss as Truck and Vegetables Burn Iowa men were in jured one of them seriously Sun day evening when a car and truck collided at the north edge of Iowa Falls on U S Highways 65 and 20 about 8 p m Stewart L Lyons 28 of Kansas City Mo a cookbook saleman received a crushed chest a severe gash on his head and other in juries when the Packard he was driving collided with a truck driv en by Gaylorfl Melvin Bendickson 25 Mason City Bendickson received severe burns on his hands He was ac companied by his father B H Bendickson who received head burns All 3 of the injured men were taken to Ellsworth municipal hos pital in Iowa Falls The truck loaded with potatoes and onions burned and the loss was estimated at 52500 The Packard driven by Lyons was de molished According to the report of High way Patrolman Earl Immer the truck passed a car driven by H K Miller 49 Centerville then col lided with the car driven by Lyons which was traveling in the op posite direction ASKS GOP AND DEMOCRATS TO PULL TOGETHER Says Election Defeat Doesnt Alter Foreign or Domestic Problems Washington resident Truman called upon both demo crats and republicans Monday to exercise wisdom and restraint in operation of the government under divided party control He told the nation that the par lies must examine their respective positions with stern and critical analysis to exclude any attempt to tamper with the public inlcr ist in order to achieve personal or partisan advantage Mr Truman said in a statement read to his news conference that the democratic defeat in last Tuesdays election does not alter our domestic or foreign interests or problems He reminded that in foreign affairs we have a well charted course to follow The president declared he knew of no resignations planned by members of his cabinet and said that Charles G Ross will continue as his press secretary In response to a question the president said a decision on whether leaders of the new re publicancontrolled congress will be called io the white house for xveekly conferences is one to be made later Mr Truman characterized for eign policy as a national and not a party program He added It will continue to be a national program insofar as the secretary of state and I are concerned I firmly believe that our republican colleagues who have worked in telligently and cooperatively with us in the past will do so in the The president said he is con cerned lest any in either party should seek in this field of for eign afafirs an opportunity to achieve personal notoriety or partisan advantage by exploita tion of the sensational or by the mere creation of controversy We are set upon a hard course Mr Truman said An effort by either the executive the legislative branch of the gov ernment to embarrass the other for partisan gain would bring frustration to our country Mr Truman pledged his coop eration in every proper man ner with meet faith with faith and good will with good will Independence for Palestine Urged by Reds Lake Success N T Sov iet Russia demanded Monday that Britain give Palestine indepen dence or place the embattled Holy Land under a United Nations trusteeship Nikolai Novikov soviet ambas sador to the United States told the UN trusteeship committee that Britain had failed to com ply with the UN charter by neglecting to propose Palestines transfer to UN trusteeship LONDON POSTS SPECIAL GUARDS Protect High Officials From Jewish Agents London UR Scotland Yard posted special guards at Whitehall buildings Monday after the pub lication of reports that Jewish un derground agents had slipped into London and that the lives of Prime Minister Clement Attlee and other officials had been threatened Unconfirmed reports circulated that the British war office had called extra troops into London as a precaution prompted by threats attributed to Jewish malcontents Special measures were planned to protect the royal family espec ially Tuesday when King George will drive from Buckingham pal ace to parliament for the formal opening of a new session The United States of Central America was formed in 1898 and dissolved in 1899 Weather Report Mason City Clear and colder Mon day night Tuesday increasing cloudiness Low Monday night 2025 Iowa Generally fair and colder Monday night Tuesday increas ing cloudiness with a little high er afternoon temperatures Low Monday night 18 northwest to 25 central and 30 southeast High Tuesday 3540 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 35 Minimum 32 At 8 a m Monday 33 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 30 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 37 Minimum 31 At 8 a m Sunday 33 Precipitation 74 in Snowfall 3 inches YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 27 12 ;