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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 11, 1942, Mason City, Iowa m II H 1 II I J f V Ufc 1l e s 1 L i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY AND ARCH IVES DES UOIHE5 IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULJ LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 111942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 28 MOROCCO ALGERIA SURRENDER Nazis Fly Troops to Tunisia Test With U S Forces Looms Axis Invades South France Breaks Armistice SAYS ENGLAND WILL INVADE IN DUE COURSE Tor Those Whom We Shall Never See V4tef A H Churchill Progress Is Made But Preparations Must Be Extensive LONDON attack will be made in due course across the channel or the North sea Prime Minister Churchill informed the house of commons Wednesday Such an attack he said re quires an immense degree of preparation vast numbers of special landing craft and a great array trained division by divi sion in amphibious warfare All this is proceeding but it takes time WiHoweyer said thepnrne min ister should the enemy become demoralized at any moment the same careful preparations would not be needed Risks would be run on a large scale he declared but this cci tainly is not the case at the present time The prime minister said that the German army in France was as large apart from the Brit ish homeguard as ours in Britain H is not so well equipped as the British and American troops but contains many veterans Invasion preparations have been greatly advanced he said and Enormous installations have been and are being brought into cxistance at all our suitable ports But no one would have been justified nor would it have been physically possible to have made an effective invasion of the con tinent during the summer or au tumn months of 1942 Churchill disclosed that he had instructed the chiefs of staff to disregard public in plan ning future operations I have been asked why did you allow false hopes to be raised in Russian breasts he continued why did you agree with the United States and Russia to a communique which spoke of a second front in Eu rope in 1942 V I must say quite frankly that I hold it perfectly justifiable to deceive the enemy even if at the same time our own people are for a lime misled But there is one tiling how ever which you must never do that is to mislead your allies You must never make a promise whicli you do not fulfill I hope that we shall show that we have lived up to that standard The prime minister disclosed that he informed Stalin on his last visit of the difficultes of a clianT nel landing and the decision to I intervene in north Africa Only in this wax he went on couhl we draw the largest number of Germans and pin them to Calais and he coast of France and the low countries We have drawn and kept at least 33 German divisions in the west and a third of the German fighter air force is there not be ing used and a large proportion of the bomber force is not being used to attack us Why Because it is being saved up for this very land ing if it occurred on the beaches We ourselves also are engag ing including the middle east and Malta more than half of the whole fighter strength of Ger many In addition there are 10 Ger man divisions in Norway The main part of the German fleet has been there for some months lied to the northern fjords There are about 350 of their best aircraft in the far north to impede our convoys to Russia v Report Vichy Acquiescing in Nazi Move LONDON Allied officials said late Wednesday that they had no knowledge of any statement by Marshal Henri Philippe Petain or other indication from Vichy of French resistance to nazi occupa tion and indicated all facts in their possession showed that Vichy was BULLETINS Retain States Pledge Broken as Nazi and Fascist Armies March C A I It O f i E h t i u K French source Wednesday night said that the French fleet has left Toulon lo join the allies The V i c h y radio reported that the French fleet was still at Toulon is late as i p m 9 a m acquiescin est stroke in Adolt Hitlers lat Mrs May me E Brunson 14 Adams avenue southwest chose an appropriate occasion give a treasured memento of World war I to the Cerro Gordo Red Cross chapter for the local surgical dressings workroom Charles Kaufman are receiving the gift which they hope will serve as an inspiration to the women carrying on the work for World war II The verse reads Interminable folds of gauze for those whom we shall never Remember when your fingers pause that every drop of blood to stain This whiteness falls for you and me part of the piece that keeps us free To serve our own that keeps us clean from shame that other women know Oh saviors we have never seen forgive us that we are so slow that blood should cry in vain and we have let our moment go A new quota of dressings has just arrived work on which will start Thursday Hours are from to and from 7 to 9 oclock A plea has been sent out to the women who worked regularly on the last quota and others willing to help on this new ouota Lock photo Kayenay engraving PLANES BOMB FLEEING TROOPS Engage German and Italian Rear Guards CAIRO British eighlh army having driven most of what is left of Field Marshal Erwin Rommels army out of Egypt and into Libya was engaged with axis rearguard elements near Buqbuq some 30 miles east of the frontier Tuesday after breaking up a pre vious rearguard stand at Sidi Bar rani the British announced Wed nesday While pursuit of Rommel contin ued and allied aircraft bombed his hapless troop and transport con centrations near the frontier other allied aircraft winged over the Mediterranean and scored two torpedo hits on an Italian cruiser The communique spoke of en emy naval units1 in the central Here is another route we have found very costly to maintain Of the 19 convoys we have sent to Russia every one has been an important fleet opera tion because the enemys main fleet was close at hand The latest one required 77 ships of war apart altogether from the supply ships Churchill referred to the ii mense output munitions we have sent to Russia when we were being rightly reproached for the comparative ill equipment of our own troops He added that the efforts ol this country in industry and naval and military matters in 1942 should be a source of pride and thanksgiving not only to all in these islands but to our allies both in the cast and west Mediterranean but did not indi cate the strength of the formation or the direction in which it was headed The attack took place Monday night The same night other bomber formations raided Italian air dromes on the island of Sardinia from which Italian bombers could operate against United States troops in Algeria Allied fighter craft patrolled the air over Eastern Libya and en gaged German fighters in a battle over the port of Tobruk some 75 miles west of the EgyptianLibyan border shooting down two of the enemy planes 3 Attacking French Planes Shot Down as U S Seizes Airdrome GAS SIGNUP TO START THURSDAY Will Proceed Despite Ration Postponement DES effcc live date of gasoline rationin Iowa Dec The officials displayed great reserve toward wild rumors said to originate on the French fron tier which asserted that Pctain had broken with Germany and that Vichy would place no bar in the way of French resistance to Germany The British press mentioned the rumors but gave them little at ention in view of voluminous and apparently authoritative French and German reports which indi cated that Vichy was much more inclined to collaborate in the Ger man occupation than to resist it It was pointed out here that any move by Petain to oppose the Germans at this time would not only be completely out of keep ing with Petains character but would also directly play into Ger manys hand by bringing French patriot elements out into the open where the nszi gcstapo could eas ily crush their most vigorous op ponents The actual situation in Vichy appeared to be that Pctain had made a pro formal protest to the Germans against the occupation but hart instructed the French police and army not to oppose the nazis Detailed reports of the move ment of German troops soulli ward were broadcast by the French Havas news agency whicli described columns of in aiitry armed with machine guns passing through Lyons and oilier Frcncli cities There appeared to be an equal lack of basis for reports that Pc tain accompanied by Gen Max ime Weygand had tied Vichy A Havns dispatch reported that Pre mier Pierre Laval returned to Vichy at 2 p m Thursday after an absence of 24 hours and wen into immediate conference will Petain Another Havas dispatch re ported that the French fleet con trary to wild reports that it was at sea or coming over to the al lies was actually still at Toulon where it presumably will sliy un il Hitlers troops arrive to take it under protection HU15SCA Spain German roops Wednesday readied Hie FrenchSpanish frontier north of anfranc a small Spanish town in luesca province at i pass in the towering Pyrenees mountains By IIOCJKK U GREENE Associated Press War Editor All French North Africa including Morocco surrendered w I lo Lieut Gen Dwight U Eisenhowers American expcdition LONDON British ary force Jit i H m central war time Wednesday after four days of violent assault by United States and British land sea and air fighters Simultaneously allied troops were reported driving eastward al top speed toward Tunisia buffer state be tween Algeria and Italian Libya admiralty in formal commu nique denied Wednesday night the French fleet units at Alex andria have licen taken over by the British navy Hcports sued by the German radio that the French squadron at Alex andria has been taken over by the British navy arc entirely without foundation said Hie admiralty Tunisia alone did not capitulate and German parachute troops had already landed there The collapse of French resistance in North Africa cli LONDON UR Italian troops i nlaxel a lav sensational events in whicli Adolf Hitler have reached Chambery in French ruthlessly violating the FrenchGerman armistice sent Savoy Havas reported Wednesday his legions marching into southern unoccupied France tm from Lyons Chambery is about 35 ier pretense of guarding against an allied invasion of ihp miles northeast of Grenoble and jVn Lu IIMUUHI UL int about 60 miles from the Italian frontier V V lightning 76 hour drive won full control of French Morocco anil Algeria for American fortes Wednesday night while axis troops poured into unoccupied France Cor sica and Tunisia over mild pro tests by Marshal Henri rhilipiic Pctain LONDON MinLslei Winston Churchill disclosed to closing Wednscday that the fleeing forces in Egypt have suffered 13UOO for the British U S TWELFTH HEADQUARTERS AIR FORCE ALGERIA iP U S spitfire squadrons of the 12th air force began landing at this airdrome Sunday soon after an armored column striking from the seacorst seized the field with out resistance capturing 800 pris oners Four planes hovering high and at first believed to be hurricanes protecting the arrival suddcnly swooped lo attack Only then did the U S pilots learn they were French DeWoitines The surprise attack cost the Americans one fighter but at least three of the attackers were shot down Maj Harrison R Thyng 24 of Barastead N H Second Lieut Charles Kenworthy 23 of Shcn andoah Iowa and Second Lieut Carl W Payne 21 of Columbus Ohio each got one DcWoilinc in a shortlived battle Buy Var Savings Bonds anil Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy pla administration announced Tuesday night The effective date of rationing in the 31 unralioncd states was set originally for Nov 12 but the OPA announced Tuesday in Washington that a short delay was necessary because congestion of transportation facilities had slowed the distribution of ration ing supplies Officials of the Town OPA said a check disclosed that local boards in this state were ready with their supplies so registration plans were not changed 100 Per Cent Signup of Payroll Savings for Bonds Is Sought DES MOINES special war bond campaign will be launched in Iowa Nov 15 in an effort to get a 100 per cent signup of all employes in the payroll sav ings plan before Jan 1 V L Clark slate administrator of the Iowa War Savings staff an nounced Wednesday Clark said the theme of the drive would be top that 10 per cent by the new year Quarters of Frat IOWA CITY Ally Edward Rale announced he had obtained a signed statement from lames M Whitney 49 who is being held in connection with the stabbing Monday night of his wife Maude Whitney 4ii Rate said he would file formal charges against Whitney who is held at the Johnson county jail The stabbing occurred in the servants quarters of the Phi Rho Sigma medical fraternity where Whitney was employed as a yard man and his wife was a cook Attendants at University hos pital said the womans condition continued serious Bitterly Frances aged Field Marshal Pctain accused Hitler of betraying his solemn pledge sealed in the forest oC Compiegne two years ago and Vichy reports received in Bern said Petain had set France free to defend herself against the axis T1 Italian troops also marched into southern France and rumors circulated thai 1Yench Alpine troops had fought with the invaders at the frontier Reports from the French frontier said Petain after pro urcniii distiospri t sadly and vain against Hitlers violation of the cssion of declared he would not interfere in any way with that the fleeing axis ilcnch resistance to the Germans Egypt have suffered Hitlers excuse as explained in i Ions message to Pctain in which total casuaitics of ifl000 Ioscjl as Frances friend was that he was moving lo counter a scheduled allied invasion of Corsica and the French mainland V if Simultaneously allied headquarters announced that German airborne troops had landed in Frcncli Tunisia norlli Africa di rectly across the Mediterranean from the French mainland The announcement said the movement had been going on for some little time The Berlin radio declared that Tunis the capita of Tunisia has been attacked by United States troops since Wednesday morning and asserted that the local garrison is putting up resistance Tunisia adjoins French Algeria where American troops have Ialrcari3r captured the two chief ports of Algiers anil Oran j Other swiftbreaking developments t French authorities asked for an armistice al Casablanca 1 chief port in French Morocco North Africa after a vio lent threeday assault by American troops and warships This meant the virtual collapse of French resistance in north west Africa 2 Italian troops crossed the frontier into France Wednesday morning to help defend the Frcncli coast against allied attack from North Africa the Rome radio announced 3 A Vichy broadcast reported that Italian marines had oc cupied Bizcrte big naval base in Tunisia 4 London broadcast an appeal to French merchant seamen urging them either to sail to Americanoccupied Algiers or Gibraltar or scuttle their ships lo prevent them from fall ing into axis hands 5 Apparently fearing an allied invasion of Italy Premier Mussolini was reported to have started evacuating a 50 mile zone along the Italian west coast from Genoa to La Spezia In ruthlessly scrauuinq we UNITED STATES NAVAL HEADQUARTERS Algeria States naval units arc making rapid progress in con verting this tiny harbor into an effective supply porl A small dock area which Sunday morn ingechoed with artillery and machinegun fire on Monday was bursting with activity Military supplies of ali descriptions arc being hastily unloaded from ships lied u to bcrlhs lo pro vide the field forces with nilc ci u a t c vehicles food and other ncccs citics ALLIED HEADQUARTERS TX FRENCH NORTH AFRICA Jean Darlaii for mer French chief of al defense forces who has been negotiating secretly for days with U S Major Gen Mark W Clark Wednesday ordered the cessation of hostilities in all French Norlh Africa LaGuardia Stops 10 Cent P T A Raffle NEW YORK Fio rello H LaGuardia means business in his gambling crusade The ParentTeachers association of public school 99 reported Wednes day that he had ordered them to stop a 10 cent raffle to buy motion picture projecting equipment The money the association already has collected will be returned RATH RECEIVED S40000 PHILADELPHIA se curities and exchange commis sion reported he Rath packing company of lown paitl J W Rath its president S40000 in 1311 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY No deckled change in temperature Wednesday aft ernoon through Thursday fore noon Lowest temperature Wed nesday night 26 in city 22 in surrounding country IOWA Slightly warmer Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon MINNESOTA Warmer Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon occasional light snow north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGaette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday B Minimum Tuesday night 24 At 8 a m Wednesday 29 YEAR AGO Maximum 28 Minimum 23 scrauuing armistice Miller asserted have known for 24 that AngloAmerican forces were pre paring to invade the French main land Frances 86 year old chief of state Marshal Philippe Petain quickly entered a protest ajrainst the nazi breach of the armistice which Hitler signed in Com piegnc foresti June 22 1910 Allied quarters declared the j coup was aimed at tightening Hit lers grip on the conquered third republic and at seizing powerful remnants of the French fleet at three battle armored cars rolled southward to ward through France toward the Mediterranean coast Uniformed Germans began ap pearing in the suburbs ol Vichy at midmorning while others passed through Limoges and Lyon apparently enroutc to the great port of Marseille Charging the allies were pre paring an attack on France her self Hitler declared in a letter to j Petain The German government his known for it hours that plans nf these fNorlh African opera tions provide that the next at tack will be made against Cor sica in order to occupy lhit island am against the south coast of France In these circumstances I Celt ships seven cruisers a seaplane carrier 23 destroyers and 27 subj marines j Marshal Pctain made the protest compcliccT lo order the German tlclti Maishal Karl In r my immediate v to march Rudolf Geid von Kunclslcdt at j through the unoccupied and 1030 a m as German troops and1 this is now being lo 1 ;