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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 10, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 OtMRTMENT OF HISTORY ANf ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 10 CHURCHILL TELLS ABOUT NEW V2 Yanks Surge Ahead to Form Arc AroundMetz ADVANCE OF 10 MILES MADE IN SOMEPOSITIONS Patton Threatens to Cut Rear Lines Leading to Nazi Stronghold London Gen George S Pattbns 3rd army shook its mud shackles and SURGED FOR WARD in a full blown offensive Friday capturing ChateauSalins along with dozens other towns and villages A total advance of 10 miles was made at places in the 3day drive along a 55 mile arc around Metz Artillery pounded on both sides of the Maas Meuse in Holland as the enemy displayed nervous ness at the possibility of a new offensive into northern Holland Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges U S first army prodded the Ger mans with local attacks in the Hurtgen and Schmidt areas southeast ot Aachen Pattons attack swinging like a barn door from a hinge at a point 9 miles south of fortress Metz moved across sodden forests hills and valleys in a northeasterly di rection toward Germanys indus trial Saar border 25 miles away and threatened to cut across the REAR communications of Metz North of Metz an enveloping movement was in progress at 18and 22 milesnoith of the city where across the Moselle were deepenedby 3 miles Here the Germans put in their first sizeable counterattack against Pattons drive now in its 3rd day But the enemy infantry and 2 tanks which tried to halt the SOth American infantry division were rocked back on their heels de spite German claims to the recap ture of Koenigsmacker in this area just below the Luxembourg border HauteHam only II miles from the Saar basinwas captured by the Americans A trailblazing onslaught Thurs day by 1300 U S heavy bombers and hundreds of divebombers which smashed at German front line eun positions and stron0 points as well as rail and road bottlenecks immediately to the rear apparently had largely suc ceeded in sealing off the battle zone Thunderbolt pilots knocked out 15 German tanks among a concen tration 2a miles northeast Nancy in this assault of South of Metz and northeast of Jvancy Pattons sloshing attack was reminiscent of the initial stages of his whirlwind sweep through Normandy and Brittany to the Moselle last July and Au gust Here German resistance con tinued light to moderate with the Germans apparently withdrawing behind a screen of road blocks and mines and endeavoring to retrieve most of their artillery for em placement farther back in parts of the old French Maginot line Heavy rains of the first 2 days of the drive eased off overnight giving promise oj a repetition of the aerial onslaught of Thursday The American 4th armored di vision veterans of the St Lo breakthrough in Normany ad vanced 3 more miles beyond Delme for a total gain of 10 miles in the offensive and crossed heavily gunned Delme ridge just northwest of ChateauSalins While the 319th regiment of the SOth infantry division captured Delme ridge the 4th division ranged on to the vicinity of Han nocourt and Fonicney 3 miles be yond and the 35th infantry di vision slugged its way into the forest of ChatcauSalins and cap tured ChateauSalins itself 3 miles southeast of the wood Before its fall ChateauSaUns a sizable town controlling a network of roads fanning out to the north east toward the Saar was almost encircled by other elements which pushed across the ChateauSa linsSarrebourg road Here supreme headquarters said MorvilleLesVic 2 miles southeast of ChateauSalins was reached and a field dispatch re ported that the drive continued to the north to the vicinity of Ham pont 3 miles northeast of Cha tcauSalins Delma lies 18 miles southeast of iUetz The thrust placed 4th ar mored division tanks within 12 miles of the main highway run ning eastward from Melz to Saar brucken FROM ILANE AFTER MANILA brakes and landing gear shot up on a sortie over ManilaPhilippine Islands aYank lighter pilot crash landed on a U S carder His plane lost its tail back ground and flight deck crewmen lifted the injured pilot from the cockpit Photo by AP photographer Charles Gorry on assignment with wartime still picture pool K Throngs Stand in Rain Hail F R Triumphant Return to White House By FREDERICK C OTHMAN Washington 4time winner and still champion home Friday and was acclaimed by thousands in a triumphal victort TT they were re of Mr Roose procession to the White House The jovial Franklin D Hoosevelt despite a steady rain responded to the cheers of the throngs and drove through the heart of the city in an open car Hatless and buttoned to his neck In a black navy rain cape he rode from the Union station with Vice President Henry A Wallace and Vice Presidentelect Harry S Tru man both sitting at his left Mr Roosevelt waved to the sodden crowds in front of the station smiled and said I hope it wont be Intimated that I expect to make Washington my permanent residence for the rest of my life He laughed his neighbors cheered the flashlight bulbs ex ploded the reporters and secret service agents crowded around his car both the army and navy bands tootled in a haphazard uni son and Mr Roosevelt sailed down Pennsylvania avenue with sirens screaming and headlights boring into the 9 a m gloom The president arrived by special train from Hyde Park at a mv CWT awaited in the station until 8 oclock before piling into his car and emerged just as there spread over the sky a cloud as black as a kittens ear The chauf feurs switched on their headlights the government clerks lining the walks snapped up their umbrellas the police standing every 15 feet buckled their panchos around their necks and as soon as Presi dent Roosevelt started to talk the rain poured down harder than er The bandsmen struggled to pro tect their drums the radio experts tried to cover their machinery with their raincoats and hundreds of banners bearing such slogans as A United Nation for United Victory and Were United With Roosevelt and World Peace turned into ribbons of wet card board A soaking wet marine who tried to climb the back of a granite lion in the Plaza fountain was chased off A federal clerk with a Roose velt button 8 inches across on one lapel and another saying I Told You So cheered hoarsely President Roosevelt was met in side the station by his cabinet and such stalwarts of his administra tion as Secretary of Labor Fran ces Perkins in her fancy triangu lar storm proof hat Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard Sec retary of Commerce Jesse Jones Postmaster General Frank Walk er Acting Secretary of State Ed ward R Stettinius Jr Secretary of War Henry C Stimson and Secretary of Interior Harold L Ickes There was nothing secret about the presidents homecoming Every radio station and newspa per carried the exact time of his arrival plus the exortations of the commissioners urging the voleless citizens of the District of Colum bia to turn out behind the steel cables and the cops on either side of Pennsylvania avenue Washingtons weatherman how ever ruined hopes of a crowd of 500000 when he turned on the ce lestial faucets for the wettest day of the fall It rained so long and so hard that veteran secret serv ice agents said minded not only velts recent campaign parade in New York but also of his original inauguration in 1933 when almost the entire city was on the verge of drowning in its efforts to see the new president The 4time president didnt say much to the crowds at Union sta thanked them for the very wonderful homecoming on such a rainy morning Then he asked Washington reporters not to assume thathe wished to make Washington his permanent home I want to thank you especial ly the government workers for what they are doing to win the war he concluded And when I say government workers I do not wish to exclude the rest of you who make it possible for them to live hereand work The presidents car and the others in the procession then started for the white house through streets lined 3 and 4 deep As the procession swung into Pennsylvania histor ic route of presidents who have travelled it from inauguration ceremonies at the capitol to the white came from the crowds Mr Roosevelt re sponded by waving to them At the white house members of the presidents staff waited in front of the south portico As the presidents car arrived the cleri cal staff and servants cheered and shouted Welcome home The white house police were lined up on each side of the driveway and stood at attention until the presi dent entered the white house BIG CHANCE FOR TEAMWORKLIES AHEAD FORFR Demos Have Working Majority of 55 in House 19 in Senate Washington O President Roosevelt and the new demo craticcontrolled congress inher ited from the 1944 elections Friday an opportunity for the greatest teamwork job in American his tory The 4th terra president rode to the capital Friday moraine a ride that was transport me him from the flush of tremendous victory at the Dolls to sobering hard work The votes of 45000000 Ameri cans had been counted a majority than Roose velt They gave him and his party a workingmajority of at least 55 in the house and 19 in the senile They also gave the party 25 of the 48 governorships of the nation On the presidents part he faces The impending conference with Churchill and Stalin the Chinese problem enhanced by removal of Gen Joseph W Stilwell at Chiang KaiSheks personal request deci sions on the makeup of the new cabinet provided any changes would be contemplated a number of major appointments now likely to be made momentarily The retiring congress meeting next week has some work to do but the spotlight henceforth is on the new January one that convenes in This 79th congress must appro priate the final punch funds of war it must equip the president with special wartime powers that are due soon to expire renew antiinflation and other economic controls act on it will be the1 peace con gress Whatever Mr Roosevelt and his cohorts work out for the peace must go before thd U S senate and only a twothirds majority there will sanction It That will require some republican votes Secretary of State Hull has not ignored the republicans in the senate and has taken them into his confidence as well as the democrats in frequent parleys on progress of the peace plans Mr Roosevelt and the old con gress have battled toothandnail on some issues where southern democrats teamed up with repub licans But on major questions involving the w a r the congress gave the administration pretty much what it wanted Sen Harry S Truman the vice president elect sounded the new teamwork cry declaring it was his first goal to keep that mile be tween the white house and the capital only a geographical bar rier Though they came out 2nd the republicans had a mighty voice in this election and will still have an important role in the law making establishment Governor Dewey came nearer to winning than any other defeated presiden tial candidate since 1916 With some 8000 of the 130789 districts still to report this was the box score Roosevelt 24249096 Dewey 21 195298 electoral vote 432 to 99 36 states to 12 House 242 democrats 187 re publicans 2 minor parties 4 un decided all jn Senate 56 democrats 37 repub licans 1 progressive 2 unsettled Pennsylvania Missouri counted its service vote Friday to determine the re sult of a senatorial and 4 house contests Republican Forrest C Donnell held a slight edge over Democrat Roy McKittrick for the senate post while3 incumbent re publican representatives clung to slim leads and a 4th republican trailed In Pennsylvania incomplete re turns showed incumbent Sen James J Davis R trailing Fran cis J Myers Pennsylvania counts its GI ballots Nov 22 In their charge toward unex pected gain in the house and re tention of their grip on the sen ate the democrats bowled over republican Senators Nye of North Dakota and Danaher of Connecti cut and picked up 21 house seats formerly held by republicans They lost 8 of their house seats to the GOP Notables who bit the dust in cluded Republican Representatives Fish of New York Day of Illinois Cal Johnson of Illinois and Maas of Minnesota had been by Vice PresiaentEIect Harry Truman Other senators pat in that cate gory by Truman but elected nev ertheless included Tafl of Ohio Tobey of New Hampshire Reed of Kansas Millikin of Colorado and Wiley of Wisconsin Fish and Day long had opposed Danaher and Nye dubbed isolationists FIRE FIGHTERSU S army air force fire fighters ered with firesmothering foam work to save a flai COV i tlaming fortress at a bomber station in England More than gallons of foam were sprayed over plane the presidents policies both for eign and domestic Olhers who fought the president most recently extension of lendlease and were reelected included Repre sentatives Sumner and Mason of Illinois Crawford and Woodruff of Michigan all republicans Joining Nye Danaher Fish Day Johnson andMaas when con gress reconvenes next Tuesday for a session expected to last about 5 weeks will be upwards of 70 othdf lame ducks Their attitude may determine the success of legisla tion extending the presidents war powers and financing a group of executive agencies whose funds will be cut off unless congress opens up its purse strings CAPTURE FORLI Pincer Move Wins Communications Center Home troops have captured Forli Po valley commu nications center 38 miles south east of Bologna on the Bologna Rimini highway allied head quarters announced Friday Capture of the old fortress city which has a population of ap proximately 65000 was accom plished by a pincer movement One force moved directly up the RiminiBologna highway while the second advanced up a road from the airfield to the southwest penetrating into the town In addition other 8th army troops have loosened nazi posi tions in the hills south and south west of Forli Approximately 250 prisoners were taken as the town Admit Men in Uniform Free to Tilt All service men in uniform will be admitted to the annual Mason CityLindblora Chicago football game here Friday night free of charge This was announced by the Lions club in charge of the game this year The contest is to be played on the Roosevelt field at 8 oclock It is the third game in the series A capacity crowd of more than 3500 persons is expected to at tend The Llndblomcontest winds up the 1914 grid campaignTtbr the Cardinal andBlack eleven fell Snipers were still active in Forli but leading British troops pushed through the town and reached the ruins of the main bridge over the Montone river on the west The Germans were holding the west bank of the Mon tone in strength The village of Sadurano in the hills between the Mohtone and Rabbi rivers was captured and 81 h army troops pushed on to po sitions east of Castrocaro an enemyheld junction point 6 miles below Fori on the highway lead ing through Forli to Ravenna American Negro troops on the west coast sector of the 5th army front occupied 3 more villages amid the towering peaks east of Mass a Aggressive patrolling continued elsewhere on the 5th army front Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and slightly cooler Friday night lowest temperatures Friday night in Mason City 30 Satur day mostly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures in the aft ernoon Iowa Fair in west clearing in cast portion Friday night be coming cloudy again Sunday little temperature change Fri day night rising trend Satur day Minnesota Cloudy with little change in temperature Friday night Saturday fair south and cloudy north portion warmer Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 40 Minimum Thursday night 36 At 8 a m Friday 37 Rain trace YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 22 RUSSIANS OPEN BOMBARDMENT Artillery Shells East Prussia Baltic Fronts Moscow Soviet military dispatches reported Friday that massed Russian artillery had opened a large scale bombard ment on the East Prussian and Baltic fronts in an apparent pre lude to a major offensive Semiofficial reports that the red armys big guns had broken the lull on the northern front fol lowed by a day published fore casts that Russias winter offen sive from the Baltic to the Dan ube was about to begin Riga dispatches indicated that the Russians already had launched a major assault against 30 Ger man divisions pinned against the Baltic coast in Latvia At the opposite end of the front the Russians had begun a new offensive from a 45 mile bridge head on the western bank of the Tisza river driving toward Bu dapest from the east while other forces closed against the Hun garian capital from thu south Dispatches said the Soviets were advancing slowly over trouble some terrain between the Danube and Tisza in the face of unusually heavy resistance The German and Hungarian armies appeared to have been reinforced in an at tempt to save Budapest Armored columns of Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army swept across the Tisza from Mezoczat to Kiskore 59 miles east of Budapest and drove 15 miles through stubborn German defenses to liberate more than 50 inhabited places The Germans made 8 sharp counterattacks against I bridge head in an effort to eliminate the soviet foothold but all were re pelled by Itiissiiri artillery and in fantrymen In another sector a communique said the Hun garian infantry regiment com pletely routed in 2 days fichting with a loss of threequarters of its manpower or approximately 2000 nen The soviet information bureau disclosed that more than 100000 enemy troops were killed and 42 160 captured from Oct 6 to Nov 6 by Malinovskys forces which carried the Russian lines to the southern doorstep of Budapest and now were converging from the east Besides the heavy loss of fight ingmanpower the Germans and Hungarians in that period lost 734 planes 900 tanks 2306 guns 3000 trucks 97 trains trains and 10 ships 10 armored Although there were no new of ficial reports of the battle in the southern outskirts of Budapest the Brazzaville radio quoted an Algiers broadcast that fighting was in V2s Speed Robs It of Most Terror Editors minister Churchills disclosure in Com mons that Germany has been fir ing V2 longrange rockets at England for several weeks per mits publication for the first lime of this account of life under bom bardment by the most fantastic weapon yet to appear in this war be By ROBERT MDSEL London mon strous new V2 rockets strike un seen and unheard from the strat osphere If you were within range you would never know what hit you They dive out of the sky so fast miles an dont have time to be scared But the fantastic speed at tained by the rockets robs them of most of what the Germans un doubtedly intended should their principal Traveling GO to 70 mileshigh m the stratosphere they cannot be seen while they outstrip sound in their descent They carry only a ton of ex plosives despite their overall length of perhaps 30 to 50 feet And that is only onesixth of the weight of the great earthquake bombs being unloaded on Ger many by the royal air force In most ways the rockets have not even measured up to the smaller jetpropelled Vl robot bombs let alone the terror of the allnight fire raids by German bombers in the 194041 blitz on London Although hey carry the same weight of explosives as Vl they have less blast effect than their predecessors because they pene trate deeper before exploding Thus there have been fewer cases of death and maiming from scattered glass than was the case with VI Not all of the rockets have even reached England and many those which did fell in open coun try sea7 Others exploded in midair scattering fragments far and wide Selfappointed experts have guessed that the missiles may have come as much as 200 miles ROCKETS SENT OVER IN ARCS 70 MILES HIGH Military Men Declare Weapon Going Faster Than Sound Is Flop By DWIGIIT L lUTKIN London Germans for weeks have been plunging V2 rockets into England at a speed FASTEP THAN SOUND and from arcs 70 MILES HIGH but thus far have caused little damage Prime Minister Churchill announced Friday in commons The Germans said V2 and the earlier Vl flying robot bomb were being used against both Paris and Antwerp as well as England and boasted that the ven reaiice weapons would make the hardwon Belgian port unsuit able for unloading troops and ma teriel on a major scale The in lact docks of Antwerp are de pended upon by Gen Dwight D Eisenhower to supply his offen sive into Germany The scale of the attacks has not hitherto been significant probably also was from Holland There a discussion of mys terious gigantic sites captured by the allies in France as possible typical launching places for the rockets Prime M i n i s I e r Churchill backed up the experts in part Friday when he told commons that some of the launching plat forms had been overrun by the allies on Walcheren island in southwest Holland Londoners have looked to Swe dish reports for descriptions of the latest of Germanys secret weap ons A photograph in the Lon don Daily Express from Sweden showed the rear half of the rocket It looked like a big boiler with many perforations The perforations were jets through which the power gen erated by burning liquid oxygen and high octane alcohol pass A series of hollow spikes around the base of the boiler apparently were used to direct the missile Girl Dies 2 Hurt as Iowa Farm Home Is Destroyed by Blaze Mt Sterling Iowa Oi One person was dead 2 others injured and a farm home destroyed as result of a fire at the Noah Rob ertson home near here Thursday Martha Robertson 15 died of burns received when she tried to hurry a coal fire with kerosene Her brother Calvin was in a serious condition with a compres sion fracture of the spine received when he jumped from an attic window to escape the flames Robertson suffered burns on his hands when he went to his daugh ters Bid Mrs Robertson died 2 months ago LAUNCH S S RED OAK Richmond Cal The S S Red Oak victory was launched at the Henry Kaiser yards Thursday The ship was sponsored by Mrs Edna R Reilcy wife of the mayor of Red Oak Iowa for which it was named Mrs Orpha Berens now of San Francisco and former ly of Red Oak was matron of honor SAW CORPSE BREATHE With the 7th Infantry Division Leyfe Japanese corpse got a ride by the seat of its roomy pants to a Japanese prison cage after Sgt George Kasper of 2917 Washington St Dubuque Iowa noticed that though it didnt move it was breathing progress in the capital on the west bank of the Danube It true this would mean the Soviets crossed the Danube and entered Buda the western half of Budapest Churchill said Casualties have been light largely because the warhead oE approximately a ton buries itself so deeply into the earth when it lands at speeds exceeding 700 miles an hour Where the rockets were coming from was NOT clear The Ger mans said the allies never would find the camouflaged sites Churchill said some were found on the captured Dutch island of Walcheren German propagandists pulled out all stops they insisted that Churchill had to admit the ex istence of V2 that it was not the last secret weapon they hinted directly that the United States might feel its explosive weight Indeed Churchill said the range might be increased Military men said thus far the rocket which is dubbed the fly ing telephone pole because of its elongated shape had been a FLOP The whole contrap tion weighs about fifteen tons and has a range of more than 250 miles but carries only about a ton of explosives Some extreme estimates of its speed run to 3000 miles an hour Swedish reports said the rockets speed and trajec tory marie accuracy impossible Churchill termed highly colored the accounts of the V2 flying telegraph pole bombardment broadcast by the Germans in the past 2 days and said they indi cated the Germans were in des perate need to give the home front encouragement The bombardment with rockets arch up to 70 miles in the stratosphere before landing with out warning at a speed greater than described by the prime minister as less effective than the robot bombs Before the allied armies over ran launching sites of the winged bombs the Germans inflicted heavy damage on London and southern England The Germans now launch winged bombs from airplanes flying out over the North Sea Churchill disclosed capfured Walchcrcn was one Dutch island from which rockets have been fired and said other sites would be overrun by Gen Dwight D Eisen howers armies He said casualties and damage so far have not been heavy The Germans announced 2 days ago they had been using the rock ets known as V2 against Lon don The prime minister said the rockets had landed at widely scat tered points in England No official statement about the attack had been issued before Churchill said in order not to give information to the enemy Churchill said the rockets con tained approximately the same quantity of explosive as the flying bombs but that the rocket pene trated more deeply before explod ing We cannot be certain that the enemy will not be able to increase the range of the rockets he said There is however no need to exaggerate the danger he said The scale of the attacks has not hitherto been significant Churchill described the rocket bombardment as another attempt by the enemy to attack the morale of the civil population Some of the rockets have been fired at us from the Island ot Walcheren in southwest Holland which is now in our hands he said And other area from which rockets have or could at present be fired against this county will doubtless be overrun by our forces in due course The prime minister said the rockets fly through the stratos phere going to a height of 60 or 70 miles The rockets cause somewhat ;