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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 10, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPS PPJ5SS UCABED WIMB UJfitfVJUB MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 30 Victory Too One Sided Stewart Says Party in Power Needs Opposition By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON CPA Amer icas last election result was too one sided to be pleasingto be lievers in democ racy not the po litical It was an over w h e 1 m ing vic tory from a dem ocratic standpoint But it was dis agreeably s u g gestive of the kind of electoral victories won by dictators like Premier Mussolini in Italy and by Herr Hitler in Not that there was any coerced American voting with threats of castor oil or jail as in Italy and Germany respectively But castor oil and jail couldnt have been threatened by Mussolini and Hitler if they had not had enormous majorities with which to make their threats good Well President Roosevelt now has the enormous majority In Hoover I dont contend that there is any cadger of political castor oil or jail in the United States something like a dictator ship Back in the Hoover era during the depression there was a good bit of talk of the desirability of an American dictatorship Senator David A Reed of Pennsylvania de clared in debate on Capitol Hill that a Mussolini was imperatively needed in Washington Others concurred with him Rather worried as to this ten dency I consulted with a number of public men relative to the pros pect Saw Xo Danger One of those with whom I talked was Senator M M Logan of Ken tucky just reelected as a new dsaicr Xo said the senator Hoover is bitterly unpopular No man evr arrives at a dic tatorship except upon a vast wave of personal popularity When we have so personally popular a presi dent as to command an overwhelm ing majority we may have a President Roosevelt seems pretty popular It is a commonplace that the ad ministration needs a substantial ODpcsition group in congress May Split Up Otherwise the administration splits up Or else it becomes a mere rub ber The federal supreme court by reason of a majority of its mem bers ages cant survive another four years Congress has been made over That is to say it has been made over in recent years It is not the same congress that it was in recent postwar years it was prorepublican as nearly as it is prodemocratic now HOPES OF HOLDING MADRID GONE Report U S Has Fewer Than 9 Million Jobless SAVED HIS LIFE Cabin Boy Describes Narrow Escape From Death as Ship Sank LONDON A flash of quick thinking just a few seconds before he lost consciousness saved the life of 17 year old Fritz Reothke cabin boy and loue survivor of the foun riered HamburgAmerican motorship Isis it was disclosed Tuesday Still exhausted from his 12 hour ordeal of being tossed on a storm swept pea alone in a lifeboat Fritz farther cescribed his narrow es cape from death I thought I waa he re lated through an interpreter The waves smashed into my Ititle boat and I saw my companions fingers sip off the side he lost Then another big wave crashed over me It stunned me I felt all weak dizzy everything going blank Just before I lost conscious ness I jammed myself under the seat of the lifeboat Lucky I was small The next tiling I knew hours later I waa still alive and Fritz was weak and shaken when he arrived aboard the S S West ernland which found him in the bobbins lifeboat after a fierce At lantic had bashed in the hatch es of the S S Isis and sent the ship to the bottom along witi its crew 39 about 200 miles off Lands End England To Debate Oxford IOWA CITY Hick man Sioux City and Robert Blake ley Onawa will represent the Uni versity of Iowa in an international debate against Oxford university England Nov 19 NUMBER OUT OF WORK STEADILY BEING CUT DOWN Commerce Departments Announced Estimate Not Official WASHINGTON department experts reported Tues day that unofficial checkups indi cate there are now fewer than unemployed They said the number of those out of work has been falling off i steadily this year and was slightly less than at the end of i i This compared with their esti mates of for January and in August The September figvre is more I than below the estimate for March 1933 when a high of was reachco according to the commerce department ex perts estimate Estimates Not Oflicial The latest figures were consid ered highly important coming as they do ata time when the admin istration is engaged in an announced attempt to bring the budget closer to balance Relief of unemployment has been an enormous factor in the present unbalanced budget Emphasizing that their periodic estimates are unofficial the com merce department men disclosed they will seek an appropriation of to for a comprehensive census of the un employed Such a census has been frequent ly discussed in both government and business circles as an important statistical need It would be a valu able guide In mapping any program I to reduce unemployment officials said Tuesday and would provide de tailed information not only on the total number of jobless but on in dustries and areas in which they are most numerous i Bills Not Enacted i Senator Costigan IX has i sought in past congresses to provide I for an unemployment count but his bills have not been enacted Many others also have suggested such a survey For several weeks commerce de partment officials said they have been working on for the cen sus and if it is approved by Presi dent Roosevelt congress will be asked to provide the necessary funds They said it would be taken by the census bureau and would re quire from four to six months Aft er completion of the first one they asserted subsequent counts might be made within 60 day at reduced costs i Around 8 Million The unofficial estimates which were compiled largely for the de partments own information indi cated that a continued business up swing may bring total jobless to around by the end of this year October estimates are expected to show unemployment at about officials said but these have cot yet been compiled About half of total unemploy ment it was said is in the manu facturing construction and railroad industries An important but un known percentage is composed of new workers who have been add ed to the nations reservoir of labor since the depression began City of Without Schools WEIGH LOADS TO DECIDE WINNER The nations eyes turned to Sprinjrfield Ohio a city of when its school board closed its schools following the defeat of a 3 mill levy in the recent election Not only were school children turned adnlt hut all the school teachers remained unpaid Now a committee named bv the county bar association is fryingto solve the dilemma Higti school students arc shown outside locked school HOLD OWNER IN CAFE SHOOTING State Center Man Admits He Killed Eggers and Tells of Argument STATE CENTER Eggers 22 was shot and killed here at p m Monday by J D Cross State Center restaurant op erator as the climax to a quarrel which had lasted several weeks Cross who readily admitted the shooting to Deputy Sheriff F H Har and Marshal 6 E Sweet of State Center is in the county jail at Marshalltown held on a techni cal charge of murder After an argument Saturday eve ning Cross had called Marshal Sweet who took Eggers away from the restaurant Monday evening Eg gers went to the Cross cafe and re sumed the argument Cross said leaving and returning several times Finally Cross said Eggers chased him around the counter of the cafe and Cross obtained a 45 caliber re volver from under the counter and shot Eggers through the neck his death following soon afterwards The story told by Cross was corro borated by Miss Maude Williams waitress in the cafe in all details except that she did not see the ac tual shooting Eggers was sentenced to the re formatory at Anamosa in 1932 on a charge of breaking and entering but was paroled after serving about three years of his ten year term j Newly Elected County Attorney Out on Bond ROCK ISLAND A Grapes newly elected Scott county attorney was released on bond following his arrest on a reckless driving charge after his car struck Marion Aubrey 65 His case was continued pending the outcome of Aubreys injuries 4 MEN KILLED AS TRAIN HITS AUTO Green Diamond Bound for Chicago When Accident Occurs CLINTON men were killed Tuesday when their au tomobile was struck by the Illinois Centrals St Louis to Chicago train the Greea Diamond The dead all residents of Way nesville are George Cisco Orval Cisco son of George Elijah Cisco nephew of George and Robert Ed wards The accident occurred at a route 51 grade crossing about five blocks from the Clinton station The train enroute to Chicago was nearing the station Three of the men were killed in stantly and the fourth died enroute to the hospital FORECAST IOWA Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday rising temperature MINNESOTA Generally fair rising temperature Tuesday night Wednesday increasingcloudiness becoming unsettled in north por tion rising temperature in east and south portions colder in ex treme northwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobsGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 39 Minimum in Night 17 At 8 A M Tuesday 23 Most of the inch and a half blan ket of snow which covered Mason City Sunday had vanished by Mon day night The melting took place without benefit of sunshine the temperature rising 7 degrees above the freezing mark Tuesday was chilly and cloudy SAYS CHILDREN WERE IN ROAD Father Confesses He Killed Three and Then Burned Their Bodies AMERICAN FALLS Idaho The state speeded prosecution Tues day of a father it claims confessed slaying and burning his three small children because they seemed to be in the Prosecutor P A Anderson said he would seek early arraignment of Adolf Zetlitz on a first degree mur der charge and intimated the 39 year old southeastern Idaho farmer might plead guilty Zetlitz waited district court ar raignment in a small jail cell not far from the mortuary where lay the tiny charred bodies of his child 5 Gertrude 4 and Don 2 Mrs Schliz was ill in an Ameri can Falls hospital at the time fire razed the ranch home where her children died Fair Weather on Its Way Back to State Thinks Weatherman DES MOINES UP Though clouds hung over most of Iowa Tuesday the weatherman forecast a return of fair weather over all the state Tuesday night along with rising temperatures Wednesday The mercury sank to 18 degrees at Charles City early Tuesday for the low after reaching 50 at Keo kuk Monday for the high The low Tuesday night the weatherman said would be around 28 degrees in northeast Iowa with the rest of state at even freezing No precipitation was reported during the last 24 hours 1936 CORN CROP ESTIMATE GAINS Bushels Is Forecast on November First Conditions WASHINGTON pro duction this year was forecast Tues day by the department of agricul ture at bushels in its preliminary estimate based on Nov 1 conditions A month ago bushels were indicated Last years crop was bush els and the five year 192832 av erage production was bushels The preliminary estimate of crop production by important produc ing states follows Corn Pennsylvania Ohio Indiana Illinois Michigan Wisconsin Min nesota Iowa Missouri South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas and Colo rado 18 Farmers From Nine States Rest After 80 Minute Grind By PAUL D SHOEMAKER NEWARK Ohio perspiring weary farmers from nine states ended at p m CST Tuesday an 80 minute bid for the national cornhusking champion ship They left a 100 acre field of corn virtually stripped on the Alva Oyler farm southwest of here climbed aboard their tractordrawn corn filled wagons and rested Wort of weighing the loads and assessing penalties for corn which missed the wagons or was not husk ed cleanly was to require about two hoursbefore a winner would be de termined The contestants had sloshed through a water soaked field as they banged husked ears against the high boards on their wagons Heres the way they lined up Carlson Draws No 2 Robert Mitchell Ohio champion drew the first lane Carl Carlson of Iowa No 2 Paul Pockett of Neb raska No 3 Adam Byczynski of Illinois No 4 Lawrence House of Kansas No 4 Albert Etter of In diana No 6 Richard Anderson of South Dakota No 7 Art Johnson of Minnesota No 8 Layton Rob erts of Missouri No 9 John Van Zandt of Ohio No 10 Elke Hen dricks of Iowa No 11 Louis Korte of Nebraska No 12 Theodore Tul tie of Illinois No 13 Cecil Vining of Kansas No John Whybrew of Indiana No 15 Earl Henry of South Dakota No 16 Ted Balko of Minnesota No 17 and John W Harris of Missouri No IS Carlson was the brother of Elmer Carlson of Iowa 1935 champion who did not defend his title Crowd of Estimates of contest sponsors placed the crowd at The sun shone brightly and there was just enough snap in the air to keep the big crowd moving about Some parts of the farm particu larly around the 100 acre contest cornfield were half knee deep with mud It was agreed among contestants that the busker fortunate to draw a good stand of corn undoubtedly would be the winner The stand in some parts of the field was super ior to others Airplanes droned overhead while farm leaders spoke to the crowd over a loud speaker aystern It was a gala day with spectators entering into the spirit of the occasion To Abandon Farm With the conclusion of Tuesdays event the Alva Oylcr family will prepare to abandon the 4S2 acre farm where the contest was held A bank holding a mortgage of the place foreclosed refusing to accept a payment of on the debt Byczynski 27 year old Illinois champ during the opening minutes of the contest set the pace averag ing about an ear a second Byczyn ski wasworking in a good stand of corn A number of spectators anxious to gain a point of vantage ventured into the deep mud and became mir ed Sever had to be pulled out and one elderly gentleman was forced to abandon one of his rubber boots al ter two young men failed to pull him out with them on Get 10 Years Each for Faking Holdup HUMBOLDT UP George and Walter Wilkinson brothers of St Louis received sentences of 10 years each at the Anamosa reform atory when they pleaded guilty to faking a holdup and stealing in cash and in checks from a gas oline station here Gasoline Tax Refund Dispute Compromised DBS MOINES J A Carlson Construction company Council Bluffs repaid a gas oline tax refund made five years ago Leo J Wegman state treas urer announced Wegman said that the original amount of the claim was but that some of the items were disputed and that the settlement was a compromise Hull Chooses Delegations Committees S S AMERICAN LEGION AT SEA of State Cor dell Hull organized into committees Tuesday the United States delega tion to the interAmerican confer ence for the maintenance of peace He said he would announce the assignments at a meeting of the delegation the second of a projected series of daily shipboard sessions Convening the delegation for the first time Hull expounded the prin cipal proposals to insure Pan American neutrality as well as poli cies of common economic benefit An American neutrality policy reinforced by the power of 21 west ern hemisphere republics will be one purpose of the conference open ing at Bunos Aires Dec 1 Based on Embargoes The proposed unified neutrality policy is based on economic and fi nancial embargo policies adopted by the United States in the Italo Ethiopian war and originated in the state department at Washington It has been developed through advance circulation among the 20 other American republics to be rep resented at the conference each of which has contributed ideas toward making the accord an effective agreement to promote the good neighbor spirit enunciated for the United States by President Roose velt United States officials have em phasized the proposals are purely tentative and are offered only as a basis for discussions in the Argen tine capital Would Ban Munitions Designed to smother any conflict in the Americas the proposed treaty would place an embargo on all munitions loans or credits to any American republic engaged in war with another American nation With all American nations sub scribing diplomats pointed out the only source of supply for arms would be Europe or Asia Correspondingtoexisting United States policy the pact would not apply against an American nation at war with nonAmerican nations Thus it would leave the republics free to assist their neighbors to re pulse a European or Asiatic enemy The proposal also would exempt governments already bound by treaty obligations including those American members of the league of nations which are pledged to use sanctions against aggressor nations Girl 14 Accused of Stabbing Her Father CHICAGO Palmer 14 was in custody of juvenile au thorities Tuesday accused of stab bing her father in the back pos sibly fatally when he assaulted her mother Police Capt Herbert Burns said the girl seized a knife and plunged it into the back of her father Earl Palmer 41 year old salesman when he struck her and her mother while the latter held her infant daughter in her arms LOOK INSIDE FOR L S HILL Chief of WPA in Iowa Probes Administration ON PAGE 2 Further Gain Shown in Postoffice Receipts ON PAGE 12 Unbeaten Grid Teams in Armistice Scraps ON PAGE 9 Kraschel Sees Wallace on 37 Farm Program ON PAGE n SEEKS PROBE OF DIGESTS POLL Democrat Senator McKellar of Tennessee to Demand Investigation MEMPHIS McKeliar said Tuesday he would demand an official investiga tion of the national election poll conducted by the Literary Digest I believe an investigation of the matter shduld be made by the sen ate and it is my intention to offer such a resolution upon the conven ing of McKellars state ment said And I wish heer and now to ad vise the Literary Digest to keep all of its books papers ballots and every other fact connected with the poll intact so that the committee conducting the investigation shall be able to get full accurate and true information concerning the entire After an election it is usual customary and proper for the win ners to forgive and forget unseemly occurrences in a political cam McKeliar declared I wish this could be done after the election just passed However the preelection Liter ary Digest poll while it was entirely discredited by the election should not be overlooked and measures should be taken to prevent such a performance from ever occur ing again in a national KRASCHELHOLDS VOTE LEAD Official Returns From 69 i Counties Included in New Totals DES MOINES G Kraschel democratic candidate for governor held a vote lead over his republican opponent George A Wilson Tuesday with official re turns reported from 69 counties in the state The official check of votes by county boards of supervisors con tinued in the remaining 30 counties although reports indicated that the complete official returns would not be ready until Wednesday Total Vote Reported The ttJtal vote including the 69 counties reporting official counts and the remainder unofficial was Kraschel Wilson Kraschels gain from the unoffi cial count which placed his margin over Wilson at from Lee and Muscatine counties In Lee he gained 868 and in Musca lne 501 the former county auditor said that the supervisors did not count Wilsons vote from one precinct where judges failed to enter it on the tally sheet and in Muscatine county the supervisors said the change was because of an error in addition in the auditors un official report Less Than 100 Votes Most of the other changes were less than 100 votes Kraschel gained 132 in Howard 50 in Hancock 40 in viahaska and 30 in Calhoun coun ties in the official count while Wil son added 100 in Sioux 95 in Adair Cl in Eremer 72 in Kossuth and 62 in Louisa In Boone county the board delay ed its canvass to await an opinion by the county attorney on votes in two precincts Similar delays were reported in several counties When the official canvass is Com pleted by county boards the state legislature must canvass the vote again when it convenes in Penn Hearing Put Off Until Dec 11 DES MOINES hearing in the case against Albert Penn pres ident of the Penn Electric Switch company charged with violation of the Iowa election laws was post poned until Dec 11 by Municipal Judge Charles Cooter The hearing was to have been held Thursday Penns arrest was based on charges that he distributed printed notices on pay envelopes regarding the so cial security tax headed pay re FASCIST PLANES DROPTWOSCORE BOMBS ON CITY Socialist Officials Huddle in Cellars as Shells Shake Capital By ALEXANDER H CHL MADRID great fas cist bombing planes dumped two score large bombs many of them incendiaiy on the southern and western sections of Madrid at p m Tuesday It was the heaviest aerial bom bardment yet of the besieged Span ish capital Fifteen pursuit planes swarmed around the bombers as they circled the city several times before unload ing the first of their terrible cargoes over the Toledo bridge sector intend ed point of insurgent penetration into the city Huge clouds of debris filled smoke oillowed into the air The successive explosions jarred the whole city Follows Intense Shelling The aerial bombardment followed an intense shelling of Madrid which started in the morning while furious fighting broke out in the Casa de Campo sector across the Manzan ares river Before they flew over the city the bombers blasted government front line trenches in the western edges of Madrid with a number of high explosive bombs Defense officials contended the German pilot of a Junkers bomber landed during the day at Alcala de Henares east of Madrid and de serted to the government They also reported another raiding bomber was shot down Insurgents bent on beating their way acrossthe Manzanares rived and into the capital from the west met stubborn and continuing resist ance Madrid was crowded with rein lorcements In Workers Sector Shells began dropping in the workers Cuatro Caminos sector of the city shortly after noon Both the sound of heavy artillery and small arms fire echoed incessantly through the capital Huddled in cellars socialist otli cials despaired of the captial3 fate in the face of insurgent advance to within 500 yards of the city proper Artillery behind the fascist lines along the Manzanares river show ered Madrid in repeated bomoard ments Squadrons of low flying in surgent planes blasted at govern ment ministries and fortifications The military drive brought the attackers neafthe Angel gate and Toledo bridge as socialist militia men were forced to retreat into the capitals streets At Seville Gen Gonzalo Queipo de Llano one of the insurgent high command declared the fascist troops will enter Madrid when the command is Resistance Inconsiderable troops occupy the Man zanares the officer as serted in a broadcast received in Paris The river front is ours The resistance is less than The spearhead of the insurgent advance pushed northeast along the MadridToledo highway through outlying Carabanchel Bajo and into the city limits territory around the Toledo bridge Across the river clouds of bomb smoke nungover the royal palace and spread through the spacious gardens close to the river banks Insurgent gunners sent shells crash ing into the citys central district driving terrified residents to cover and disrupting business Electric Lines destroyed The bombardment destroyed many light and telephone lines In many sections the city was dark during the night On other thor oughfares only solitary streetcars recalled the capitals normal every day life before the siege began On the southeast the fascist high command ordered fresh aerial and artillery bombardments topush their lines closer to the citys en trances from Vallecas and Vil laverde From concealed positions inside the city insurgent snipers carried on a shifting gun battle with so cialist guards Government antiaircraft batter ies sought vainly to stave off the fascist bombing but their shots went wild without clipping the wings of the circling planes Launch Counter Attack Three government planes launched a counter attack against insurgent forces near VilJaverde with oniy slight damage inflicted by their ef forts Socialist troops scurrying into the city proper under attacking tossed loaded away in their ;