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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 09, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME t 0W OCMHTMCNT Or AND ARCHIVES UOJNE8 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS United run Lcued Wire mv W MASON CHY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 9 1945 M This Paper Comtek ot Two SectionsSection OM NO ti TRUMAN SIGNS TAX GUT MEASURE BILL WILL GIVE C47 Dakota Transport B25 Billy Mitchell Bomber Planes Wing in for Victory Loan Show B24 Liberator Bomber YANKS CAUGHT IN SKIRMISHES WIIH CHINESE General Wedemeyer Admits Minor Part in China Warfare ChnngMne Lt Gen Al bert C Wedemeyer just returned to his China command from Washington found himself in volved Friday in a long range con troversy with communist leaders who renewed charges of 11 S in tervention in Chinas civil war Wedemeyer denied intervention but said his troops bad teen caught in minor skirmishes Simultaneously representatives of the Chinese government and the communists reported some progress as they resumed nego tiations on a 4 point peace pro gram A red spokesman said the chief obstacle was a demand that nationalist troops be withdrawn liberated American1 transported Chinese nationalist troops have moved into battle positions Yenan communists forces along the eastern end of the great Chi nese wall boundary between dis putednorth China and Manchuria But possibly because of the presence of American marines in strategic positions in the area fighting has not broken out de spite the fact thousands of na tionalists and communists oppose other at Shahhaifcwan the ancient city which forms part of the great wall and is its eastern anchor on the Gulf of Chihli 10 miles north of Chin wangtao The communist new China Daily News while specify ing that the latest asserted U S interven tion had been bloodless charged that American troops and ar mored vehicles spearheaded the nationalists capture of a railroad station and a village Wedemeyer in Shanghai told Associated Press Correspondent Richard Gushing that American troops definitely were not pro voking trouble but said they had been drawn into minor skirm ishes He presumably referred to communist charges of American activity in north China la mid October The newspaper said new Instances of intervention oc curred Nov 1 The Daily News appealed to the communist newspaper Daily Worker in New York to urge the American people and government to cease the spearheading and transporting of Kuomintang na tionalist troopj by United States forces to communist liberated areas and finally to discontinue any help to Kuomintang accentu ating civil war in China TheDaily News said American troops lejd 300 Chinese national ists in seizing a small railway sta tion at Liuhouying south of Peit aiho on the PeiprngMukden rail way It also charged that U S ar mored vehicles helped puppet troops arrest communist officials and civilians in nearby Tsaishang Communists previously de manded that Wedemeyer apolo gize for the alleged Intervention but did not repeat their request Friday Wedemeyer said he had referred to Maj Gen Keller E Hockey commander of the marine 3rd am phibious corps an earlier charge marines had raided a communist office in Tientsin He reiterated a previous state ment that 40 per cent of the 1800000 Japanese in China still are armed and pointed out that the Americans mission is to as sist the Chinese in demobilizing and repatriating these troops The general who is due here Saturday to confer with General issimo Chiang KaiShek empha sized We are not supposed to take aggressive action against any Chinese except to protect Ameri can lives and property Buy yonr Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy British Ask Surrender in Java Strife Bat a via planes dropped leaflets on Indonesian forces at Soerabaja Friday call ing for their unconditional sur move which may signal a general uprising by well drilled Japanese trained nationalists throughout the entire island of Java The ultimatum ordered the na tionalists to lay down their arms before 6 a m Saturday In the name of Lt Gen Sir Philip Christisou allied commander in the Netherlands East Indies the leaflets said the order would be backed nj by the use of all naval army and air forces under his command An explosive tension gripped all Java A British army official ad mitted the situation at Soerabaja was critical He announced that more troops of the 5th Indian di vision arrived there Thursday and unofficially it was learned that 4 000 Dutch troops would land ii Bata via Saturday Cnristisonvppinted out carefully that was differentfrom that existing else where pir the island and that the extremists atSoerabajawho were guilty of on the British would be punished His statement said It is only on those who attack us or prevent us from carrying out the tasks set for us by the united nations at the Potsdam conference that we shall turn the full strength which defeated Germany and Japan The Indonesians were reported massing 100000 strong in central Java and leader after leader took to the radio Thursday night urging n n me the people not to lay down their straw hat arms but to fight a Dutch monitor in Soerabaja said Strike Picture At a Glance 274000 Workers Idle By UNITED PRESS Labors demand for higher wages Friday accounted for strikes mvolymg most of the nations 274000 idle workers The major dis were resumed in an attempt to 7state strike of southwestern Greyhound bus employes but wty Friday the first of the planes operations cast of the Mississippi remained stalled hitting the municipal airport run with no early end m sight 7 4iu eno m sigm way shortly before noon a conciliators brought company and union jastone 1 hours la officials together again for conferences toward ending a strike of a mile flight AFL and CIO machinists which had idled 55000 San Francisco Bay Truax feld Madison Wis HXC3 WOrKCfSl In n Firs to was the C47 2 motored between the United Automobile Delivery pi Workers CIO and General Motors appeared headed for a climax by CaptKobert fSenecal as the union filed a complaint charging the company with unfair Ohio It came In low laocr practices and annealed for envprnmpnt from the east makfnsr dfrwHxr tm n cargng e company with unfair laoor practices and appealed for government mediation of demands east for a 30 per cent wage increase the airport circling workers ahead with plans for a It had hardly touched ground oostdespite te was in violation of the unions contract building be 7 it J J WCBJJIUC vigufuua protests ironvz DIE co was in violation of the unions contract 7week strike in the northwest lumber industry continued as 60000 AFL sawmill workers held firm to demands for an industrywide minimum hourly wage Tenn Firestone Tire and Hubber comtjany in wha rubber Corkers said WouW shorter work week and a s to rnan ships Inot converte s jriugs for Free Wage Policy Trumans labormanagement conference rff CIO gains to roundly denounced a resolution offered by Phiup Murray declaring it would limit labors wage price advances of a bottle of milk a pair of shoes or Prominent Japanese Attorney Will Not Defend Hideki To jo to f With support from AFL President William Green Lewis outlined to the conferences executive later to program which would free labor to seek whatever it could Uzawa president of Melji university nevertheless said that Toio I am not sure that he deserves Importance of the case nnt rd Uzawa told the Associated Press that he would aT as a war criminal unless he per sonally was satisfied the accused was innocent He said he believed Two would find it difficult to obtain Japanese counsel oellevea TOJO WAITS FOR WAR CRIMES TRIALSitting in quiet solitude on a og at Omori prison camp formeratifo Premier Hideki TOJOreads as he awaits trial Oniori now houses top J reasonably get We believe in the right of in vestors to get a return on their investment o f industry to make a profit of labor to ne gotiate freely the mine work ers chief told c o rrespondents after a dash with Murray in the closed c o mmitt ee meeting Free compe tition within industry as MURRAY peacetime production rises Lewis said will serve as a limitation on prices and a brake on profits while increased efficiency and competition will lower the cost of articles to the consumer Asked whether he might try to frame some other declaration of wage bargaining policy on which all of labors 36 delegates to the conference might agree the brushbrowed UMW president paused then said We might come to that Murrays muchdisputed reso lution held Jn the executive com since Monday would put the labormanagement meeting on record as favoring fnll and prompt collective bargaining un der the wage policy broadcast last week by President wage rises are imperative Although Murrays resolution did not mention the pricecontrol phases of Mr Trumans wage price message to the nation int Lewis held that these were part rays 4ii nocuous feeble namby pamby those phrases also closed session of the executive committee which must decide whether the resolu tion gets to the conference floor His criticism touched off a storiny argued angrily Lewis later told reporters that his freebargaining theory did not mean he advocated immediate abolition of price controls He Ttune moment Exhibit Set for Saturday Sunday Here its landing directly for once before discovered the P47 Thunderbolt high overhead A cold west wind swept the sound of its powerful engine away but the sun glinting from its wings revealed it still was a small spot in the blue by Capt Gerald L to sweep away cle overhead before it returngd for a landing Before the swift fighter came in a B25 Billy Mitchell 2mo tored bomber dropped to the run way carrying Capt James W Sain Cardwell Mo as pilot with 2nd Lt Jess A Tolerton Jr Springfield Mo as copilot and Staff Sgt J S Boaz San Diego Cal as aerial engineer Next in sight was the biggest o the fleet the B2i liberator 4 engined bomber It circled the airport and then swungaway to take a look at Mason City Before it returned watchers spotted the A26 2motored attack bomber and the P38 Lightning fighter coming in low wing to wing They parted after crossing the airport and thep3g spun aloft darting like z butterfly in erratic changes of direction It also turned back to the east over the city its dis tinctive double fuselage shining in the sunlight The Flying Fortress or B17 considered by many to be the most beautiful of all was next in sight sailing majestically in for a slow circle and then a landing Next was the P5 Mustang an other fast fighter Last of all came the C46 Com mando largest of the 2motored cargo ships towing a CG4A glider which was cast loose high above the airport to circle with out power to a landing by itself The one disappointment of the ay was the cancellation of the appearance of the B29 Superfort largest of the armys ships It was ordered back to Poughkeepsie N v Friday morning The remaining U planes of the Ainnada will be on display from 9 a m to dark both Saturday and Sunday at the airport Visitors will be permitted to examine the interior of the ships and those buying Victory bonds at the spe cial booth in the administration building will have the privilege of sitting at the controls with the pi lots Crew members most of them veterans of overseas combat will be on hand both days to explain to the public the ships and equip ment which their bond dollars purchased No one will be allowed on the airport itself while the shins are here except during the they are on exhibit accord Airport Manager Jim Wag H E Bruce of Mason City and B A Webster chairman of the committee in charge of the event as well as other members The flyers will be feted while in Ma son City by both ClausenWor den post of the American Legion a Harold h Wilson and Charles B Hauver who flew in Tuesday in an AT6 advanced trainer were guests Thursday of the Clear Lakl Rotary club at its luncheon and relate experience pjay The Garner band P38 Lightning Fighter FIRST first 5 planes of the AAF Victory Loan Air mada which arrived here Friday noon are shown as they came in for their landings at the Mason City municipal airport AH are shown with their landing gear down ready for the runway All except the P38 touched ground within a few feet of the photog rapher it roared tothe middle of the milelong runway before it settled and braked to a stop Lock photos K and A engr P47 Thunderbolt Fighter Deployment Timetable Paris Fridays redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 75th infantry Now shipping out of Marseille last units to be on way by Monday 8th armored On high seas 66th infantry On high seas 26th Infantry At Camp Pitts tnTantfyT Le Havre staging area scheduled to sail about Nov 28 12th armored Now arriving in Marseille staging area 36th 79th 90th infantry S2nd airborne 16th corps Alerted for movement FCC OPENS AIR FOR RADIO HAMS Washington nations hams will come back into their own next week The federal communications commission announced Friday that an estimated 60000 amateur radio operators in this country willj be allowed to resume full normal operations on Nov 15 The radio amateurs went off the air shortlyafter Pearl Harbor They werepermitted to operate on limited facilities beginning last Aug 21 The commission announced also that new frequency bands have been assigned for amateur opera tions The temporary band they have been using 12 to 155 meg acycles will be turned back to air navigation FCC said Foxhole Dream Portland Ore en tered an apartment from which loud screams and crieswere issuing They found a veteran asleey in bed and shook him out of his nightmare He looked around bewildered Am I in bed he asked i thought it was a foxhole Rumor Has Stalin in Washington for Parley New York CBS broad cast from London said Friday there were reports that Marshal Stalin is in Washington and that the atomic energy discussions might turn into a big 3 meeting but that these reports were not taken seriously in the British cap S S Europa Will Sail as American Troopship York The S S Eur opa former pride of the German commercial fleet will sail from New York for South ampton England Sunday on its first eastward Atlantic crossing as an American troopship navy of ficials disclosed Thursday during the exhibit at the airport according to arrangements made by Mr Webster with Elmer Urich for the director Charles Bethke Allies Meet to Determine Reparations Paris of 17 allied nations convened here Friday for a conference which willdivide up the still unknown totalofreparations to ibe exacted fromthe western German zones now under the control of Britain France and the United States The soviet union is not repre sented Under the terms of an agreement made at Potsdam 25 per cent of the total reparations levied on the zone will auto matically go to Russia and the other nations will divide the re mainder We recognize we have a grave responsibility in giving a real meaning to the peace in Eu said U S Minister Pleni potentiary James W Angell who heads the American delegation The nations represented are the United States the Unfted King dom France Australia Belgium Canada Denmark Egypt Greece India Luxembourg Norway New Zealand the Netherlands Czecho stovakiaYugoslavia and the union bl South Africa The conferences various com mittees were expected to take about 3 weeks to complete the preliminary job which a French foreign office spokesman said would be trimming the claims of each nation SLASH IN 1946 Truman Becomes First President in 16 Years to Sign Tax Reduction Washington white louse Friday announced that resident Truman had signed the Jill giving individuals and busi ness a slash of in 1946 taxes Mr Truman thus became thb first president in 16 years to sign a general tax reduction measure Not since Herbert Hoover put his signature on a Christmas pres snl slash in 1929 has there been an overall reduction of pocket book levies The legislation I Removes 12000000 low ta Jome persons from the tax rolls and assures reductions of 10per cent or more for individuals mak ing up to annually Small er cuts are provided for those with incomes over Total re ductions for individuals amount to 2 Provides special tax treat ment for veterans of World war II forgiving all levies on service pay of enlisted men in wartime and giving officers 3 years in which to settle with the govern ment 3 Clips off the burdens of business next year principally through repeal of the corporation warimposed 855 per cent excess profits tax 4 Repeals the use tax on au tomobiles and boats at a saving of 5140000000 5 Freezes the social security tax in 1946 at 1 percent on em ployes pay and employers pay rolls Without the freeze this January 1 to 25 per cent The bill makes no change in the excise levies on the socalled lux ury items such as liquor luggage fursjewelry and cosmetics Prime Minister Attlee Heads for United States London Minister Attlee departed from Northolt airdrome near London for the United States at p m 1230 P m CST Friday Buy your Victory Bonds ana Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Friday night and Saturday forenoon Lowest temperature between 5 and 10 above In creasing clondiness and siowly rising temperatures Saturday afternoon followed by rain or snow at night Iowa Fair and continued cold Friday night and Saturday fore noon Increasing cloudiness and slowly rising temperatures Sat urday afternoon Shippers Forecast Northwest zero northeastsouthwest S above southeast 10 above Minnesota Fair Friday night and Saturday slightly colder north portion Friday night Not quite so cold Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statisticb for 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Friday morning Maximum 35 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Friday 17 Precipitation trace Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 51 Minimum 37 Precipitation 04 Winters Icy Hand Drops Mercury to 15 A cold wave1 engulfed Mason City and North Iowa Friday fol lowing the first snowfall of the season The thermometer sank from a high of 38 Thursday to a new low for the season of 15 during the night A trace of snow provided North lowans with the first taste of winter Snow fell to a maximum depth of half an inch in some northwest ern sections of the state Thursday A cold rain fell over much of the remainder of the state One of the most agreeable Indian summers in yearswas apparently over The cold wave extended over a wide section the country as winters demon advance agents snow and cold blustered in from western Canada The icy blasts from Alberta which already chilled the moun and northwest Pacific states moved eastward from Montana across the northern tier of states and were headed into New Eng land Temperatures tumbled to new lows in many sections and below zero readings were reported in Montana and North and South Dakota Below freezing marks were common over the midwest Heavy snow fell in sections of North Dakota and Minnesota Glasgow Mont reported 13 be low the countrys lowest reading Williston N Dak 8 below and Dickinson N Dak 5 below Chi cago shivered in an early morning 30 above as contrasted to Thurs days mild 70 Federal forecasters said after hitting new lows in the midwest area Saturday the mercury will start climbing late Saturday and Sunday MASON CITYAN LANDS IN STATES Marion McCrary Mason City Was scheduled to arrive in Boston on the Kemp Battle due there Friday according to an As sociated Press dispatch received here Blame Broken Bail Burlington broken rail was blamed by rail officials Fri day for the derailment of 5 cars of eastbound Burlington freight train here Thursday The huge engine pulling the 100car train also left the rail and fell on its side ;