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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LU MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Prtu and United Pros Fuji Leutd wlra Five Cents Copy US Role in Japan to Take 35 Years EDITORS Babb foreign editor of the Associated ness has returned on tour to the Orient to study conditions under allied occupation Babb went from Asia to New York in 1935 after long service m north China and as chief of bureau In By GLENN BABB Associated PressForeign Editor tremendous task in Japan possibly can be i 3 to 5 years with an occupying forceof approximate men That is the expressed opinion of many of the men here who should toow best provided the present rate of Is maintained arid tnere are no drastic changes in policies given occupying authorities There is confidence here that within such a periodmilitarism can Be eradicated a reasonable facsimile of democracy planted and a restricted measure of economic wellbeing restored Then according to this view American and allied armies can be withdrawn possibly tobe replaced by some other form of control with confidence that Japan will be a useful member of the family of nations with no desire or power to make war again General Mac Arthur and his staff were among those with whom J GLENN BABB discussed Japans future but the general wouldnot permit his con versation to be quoted and he is in no way responsible for the statements made herein My talks with Premier and members of his cabinet contrib uted to these conclusions MacArthur Is known to be con tent with the progress of his pro gram of demilitarization and democratization In public statements the su preme allied commander has ex pressed confidence that an occu pation force of 200000 for both Japan and Korea will be suffi cient after next spring if no untold developments occur He has em phasized the completeness Ja pans defeat and humiliation and the destruction of her ability to make war It is anticipated that British empire Chinese and soviet units may be added to the occupation armies within a reasonable time and that other powers will be given a larger share than now in the overall policy making But the Japanese especially hope rthat Jthe TKe Japanese any in creasein Russias share ofthe control of their fate The cabinet ministers declineto discuss Bns sia for publication bat talks with Japanesein high places make their fears manifest The Japanese government de spite the returnof men who spent the years of militarist domination in eclipse because of their liberal ism contains many men of con servative social and economic views These are known to fear the danger of communizatlon if Russian influence becomes strong Present progress of Russian Chinese negotiations concerning the occupation of Manchuria in which the United States is in volved because American trans ports are carrying the Chinese forces thither isbeing keenly followed here as a test of har mony among the crushed Japan powers that SCALPERS KEEP VETS OFF FARMS Iowa OPA Head Says Racket in Machinery Des Moines R Shep herd Iowa office of price admin istration enforcement attorney said Wednesday that some veter ans were being kept off the farm because scalpers in the used farm machinery market were pre venting them from getting ma chinery at reasonable prices Relating the activity of scalpers Shepherd said that 2 Booneconnty fanners recently tried to buy a corn picker He said a scalper who located one for them In Illinois wanted a check for the ceil ing price and a side payment of in cash Shepherd listed 9 farm machin ery items which he said were tin der price ceilings the sale of which most often involved price control violations These were combines corn binders com pick ers farm tractors hay balers hay loaders manure spreaders side delivery rakes and tractor mounted mowers The OPA official said that some returning veterans have been kept off the farm due to inability to get used machinery at reason able prices The average veteran can bor row under the G I bill of rights and he puts this with what savings he may have Shepherd explained If he finds that ma chinery for his farm is going to cost too much it just blocks him from going into farming The most common of price viola tion practices he said were Ue ansales where the seller offers one item at the legal price but sells it to the buyer who bids high est on another piece of machinery at above ceiling prices Morse Posts Bond for Shooting E G Morse owner and man ager of E G Morse produce 513 2nd N E posted a bond about p m Wednesday and was released by police after he had been taken into custody at his home 28 Carolina S E fol lowing a shooting incident in con nection with the picketing by strikers at the Morse plant A preliminary hearing sched uled before Police Judge B R Dunn Thursday morning at was continuedto a m urday Nov 17 Information against Morse was filed by Bus sell Bull field representative of District 3of the United Packing house with headquarters at Fort Dodge Morse was arrested by Police Officer Glenn Hamblln at the plant owners home at p m on a warrant charging him with being unlawfully armed with In tent to use same con trary to section 129351 of the Code of Iowa At p m Wednesday Morse called the police department from his plant and said he wanted a crowd dispersed from in front of the plant At p m a 2nd call was received by the one from Leamon Forshee 648 8th S E treasurer of the local unipn who told police that Morse had fired a revolver at the strik Buchanan Of ficer GlennHamblin ahd Officer William G Brims the plant but found the crowd quiet Officer Hamblin remained at the scene while this others re turned to the station after ques tioning Morse who the officers said admitted he fired a shot into the air to scare the strikers Picketing at Morse plant has continued throughout the week at the plant It started last Thursday morning in protest to nonpayment by the produce firm of a retroactive wage raise or dered by the war labor board for the period from Feb 2 to July 19 1944 The managementmaintains it does not owe the wage increase in dispute and further stated that the packinghouse workers union violated the SmithConnal ly act in calling a strike without procuring a majority vote No strike vote was necessary in this instance under the provi sions of the SmithConnally act for the reason that the manage ment has not put its position in the dispute in writing Art Cos tello president of the packing house workers local union stated The dispute involves 66 em ployes according to Costello and 21 employes are involved in the strike Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cold wave with snow flurries and strong northwest winds Thursday Friday partly cloudy and continued cold with some snow flumes Low tem perature 10 above Iowa Cold wave with snow flur ries and strong northwest winds Thursday Temperatures 10 above northwest to above ex treme southeast Friday partly cloudy with quite cold with a few snow flurries Shippers fore cast Northwest 5 above south west and northeast 10 above southeast 15 above Minnesota Cold wave Thursday mght with temperatures falling to near 5 above northwest and 15 to 20 above southeast por tion Thursday night Cloudy with occasional snow Thursday night Friday mostly cloudy and continued cold with snow flur ries north portion Moderately strong northwest winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGa7ette weather statistics for 24hour period ending at oclock Thursday morning Maximum 55 Minimum 33 At a a m Thursday as Precipitation 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 43 Precipitation Trace MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 8 1945 TbU Faper ConsJstj oi Two One NO M REMOVE ELDORA BAD BOYS STATUTE MILES JfHOL V 2 Hulutao Yingkow T Tientsin VCHINA Ycngcneng ANHWEI HUPtH Hankow MARINES IN TROUBLED cities of Tsmgtao Tientsin and Peiping and port of Chinwantao are where U S Marines are stationed It was unofficially reported that the Marines will leave China by Dec 5 Else where Chinese Communists are besieging Yencheng 1 Bed headquarters at said the Communists were proceeding full steam ahead with plans for all out civil war and other Red forces have fought their way into Kweisui 3K AP Wirephoto Map Army Lowers Restriction army has decided to release this month en listed menwith 150 or more dis charge points who are on furlough and enlisted men on temporary duty in the United States Most of the men affected the war department explained were In units from Europe whose scheduled redeployment to the Pacific was cancelled after Japan surrendered It did not estimate the number affected The present general discharge score is 60 points The army also has laid down exemptions from overseas duty which will affect about 125000 of ficers and enlisted men Except for graduates of the mil itary intelligence language school regular army enlisted men and volunteers for foreign duty no en listed man with 21 months or more honorable service since Sept 16 1940 will be assigned overseas for permanentduty Officers with 33 months or more honorable service or with 30 months if medical department of ficers are exempt unless they are reserve officers who choose to re mainon active duty regular army officers scarce specialists or are graduates of the military intelli gence school with fewej than 39 months service and not eligible for discharge Army nurses with 12 points or 30 years of age are exempt and no WAC officers are Being sent across on permanent assignment British Plan Move Into TroubleSpot Bataria ultimatum de claring a British intent to enter Soerabaja disarm Indonesians and restore normal conditions in Java was delivered to the In donesian leader by British Major General E C Mansergh Thursday In a letter to the Indonesian na tionalist governor of East Java Mansergh declared Ton are here by advised that allied troops will enter the city and the neighbor hood of Soerabaja and other areas of East Java I have been ordered by Com manderinChief Christison to dis arm the lawless mob so that nor mal life in the city may continue and to enable allied policy of evac uation of allied nationals and the disarmament of axisforces to be implemented1 the general an nounced The ultimatum disclosed that the Soerabaja nationalist radio had broadcast a warning to Indonesians that large numbers of Butch troops had arrived off Soerabaja and had called upon Indonesians to oppose the Dutch landing Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy First Snowfall of Season Hits as Temperature Drops seasons first cientto ih Mason noon THtirsaayvIt was hardly measurable i n a m o u nt but t e m p e ratures falling steadily throughout the day kept it from melting on the ground The local temper attrre g dropped from SNOWniUHB the low for the night to 32 degrees at noon and continued down to 29 degrees at oclock ac cording to the KGLO weather re corder A cold wave sweeping in from the northwest gave Iowa its first real touch of winter Thursday afternoon and night the Iowa weather bureau said The bureau also forecast strong northwest winds arid snow flur ries with temperatures dropping to as low as 10 above in the north west part of the state Thursday mght Fridays weather will be partly cloudy and quite cold with a lew snow flurries Rains were general over the state Thursday morning and there was considerable thunderstorm activity the bureau reported Precipitation included 66 of an inch at Des Moines 56 at Charles City 51 at Ames 40 at Atlantic 34 at Iowa Falls 29 at Cedar Rapids 23 at Mason City and 17 at Fort Dodge REDS OF CHINA WANT APOLOGY OFWEDEMEYER Ask Compensation for Alleged American Interference in War Chungking com munists demanded Thursday that Lt Gen Albert C U commander in China apologize and that compensation be paid for alleged American interference in Chinas internal struggle The reds also demanded that Chinese government troops with draw from all rfeddominated areas as the price for peace but asserted that the government in stead was planning an allout of fensive for which 90 divisions al ready were being massed in Ihe north The demand for Wedemeyers apology was contained in one of 4 protesting letters sent to the American commander by the com munists Yenan headquarters Spokesmen at the communist headquarters at Yenan called a complete lie government claims that the nationalists have been and would remain strictly on the defensive More than 70 govern ment divisions have massed around liberated areas of Ho pan province and Hopeh province is surrounded by more than 20 government divisions the com munist asserted Chou EnLai Yenan negotiator here and No 2 Chinese communist announced the Yenan answer to Kuomiiitang peace proposals short ly after reports that the Russians had withdrawn from the Man chnrian ports of Hnlutao and Ying kow newchang leaving the Chi nese reds in command heightened the already tense atmosphere communists de TROOPS FIRE ON BUCHAREST MOB Bucharest Romania ff Troops fired on a crowd demon strating before the royal palace Thursday in honor of King Mi hais birthday and killed or wounded 6 Troops blockingthe entrances of the royal square before the palace opened maehinegun fire into small crowds at one of the entries King Mihai and the soviet sponsored government of Premier Petru Groza have been at log gerheads for months The young monarch has refused to sign de crees of Groza which would give his edicts the force of law King Mihai last summer ap pealed to the United States and Britain to help in the establish ment in Romania of a govemmcnl which would be recognized by all the big powers The Groza government I Russian recognition but not that of the United States and Britain Salvage Ships Tokyo Tokyo company Thursday began the10 year job of salvaging 60 Japanese merchant ships sunk by submarines along the west coast of Hokkaido in the final weeks of the war liberated areas the civil fighting began and ordered all na tionalist troops to cease firing The worried looking communist representative told newsmen of the Yenan reply to Chiang KaiSheks offer and said he would deliver it to nationalist government officials later Thursday Chiang KaiSheks Kuomingtan government admitted Thursday it had suffered its first severe set back in the flourishing undeclared north Chinesecivil war losing 2 of its top field commanders in the process while Washington an nounced that American marines would be withdrawn from the trouble zone The Kuomintang spokesman claimed that after the 2 generals were captured in the fighting along the FeipingHankow rail road north of Tzehsien in south ern Hopen province the bulk of the government troops withdrew to the south awaiting orders from Chungking 3 Are Injured in Com Picking Mishap Des Moines corn pick ing accident on the farm I W Halderman southeast of Hartford Iowa resulted in injuries to 3 per sons Wednesday Injured when their clothing was caught in the machine were Law rence Maxwell and his wife and son Francis who went to his aid PREMIER STALIN London Moscow dis patch to the London Daily Ex press said Thursday that Pre mier Stalin still was vacationing at Sochi In the Caucasus The dispatch gave no cine however as to the reason why Stalin stayed away Wednesday from Moscows formal celebration of the anniversary of the red rev olution for the first time In many years Stalin went to Sochi a month ago for his first vacation since the outbreak of the RussianGerman war but was reported to have returned to Moscow earlier this week ONE MAN ARMY IS JeanwWmuth of Traverse City Mich turns after embracing her husband Maj Arthur Wermuth as the one man army of arrived at Chicago 111 Municipal airport AP Wirephoto U S Steel Rebuff to Truman Program Tops Labor Picture Trumans labormanagement confer ence toiled through a bulging agenda Thursday but United States Steelcorporation held the capitals attention with a pitals attention with a sharp rebuff Mr Trumans wageprice policy Benjamin F Fairless the corporation no of Labor Schwellenbach it would not resume wane talks with the CIO steel workers until it had the goverriients swer on steelprice Increases dasled Bnn water also Trumans proposal that employers grant wage increases now then wait 6 before AK V from OPA if too sharply Fairless said if wagesare boost ed additional price increases beyond those already pending will be needed and the corpora tion he added will insist on as surancesfrom OPA that they would be granted simultaneous ly1 with any wage hike Philip Murray president of the CIO and of the united steel work ers had accepted Schweilenbachs proposal that collective bargaining be what Murray said was the spirit of Mr Trumans wageprice speech last under a special conciliator The labor secretarys office said Schwellenbach had received both Fairlesss and Murrays letters was considering them and might issue a statement Thursday The letters were made public This new roadblock in the ad ministrations drive for labor peace loomed just as a minor but irritating snag was cleared away 30hour tieup of all bus and streetcar service in Washing ton Delegates could again ride the trolleys to the labor management conference if they chose under a 14day truce arranged between striking AFL tractioa workers and the Capital Transit company Full service was scheduled Thursday while wage demands are nego tiated OVER 100 JEWS KILLED IN RIOTS Cairo than 100 Jews have been killed in rioting in Tripolitania and on several oc casions troops have been forced to open fire a British communi que said Thursday The state ment said Tripoli is now quiet Bad Weather Changes Date pfAirmada The Victory Loan Armada will be on exhibit at the Mason City municipal airport Saturday and Sunday weather permitting in stead of Thursday as previously scheduled it was announced by Lt Harold H Wilson assistant to Capt Clifford Jaffe the project officer towhanging clouds prohibited the 12 AAF planes to make the scheduled hop from Madison Wis either Wednesday afternoon or Thursday and it was conse quently necessary to advance the date of the air show They should surely be able to make the flight here by Saturday morning said the advance man for the Airmada I talked with Capt Jaffe by long distance tele phone and he has arranged with Washingtonto cancel 2 days of a 4day show in Kansas in order that we could keep our appoint ment with Mason City Flight time from Madison should beYiot much more than an hour he suggested and the Mason City por has such excellent landing facili ties that even the armys largest plane the B29 Superfort should have no difficulty in landing or taking off He mentioned particu larly theexcellent runways their unusual length and unobstructec approaches TOREADOR Dorsey of the company himself Bowman in Maquoketa quite valuable Bob Cattle proved recently A bull jumped the fence at the cattle yards and headed for the school during the noon hour Bob appeared with a 22 rifle and made short work of theanimal Strikes At a Glance By UNITED PRESS Strikes and shutdowns resulting from strikes kept 294 000 Ameri erations returned to normal under a14 day truce after a CIO howedhursda m country favor a walkout to enforce pay the SyStem 3 Steel President Benjamin F Fairiess rejected government request to renew negotiations with the CIO steel work ers on a union demand for a a day increase 60000 AFL lumber workers continued a 7 week strik demands for a industrywide minimum hourl A strike of AFL and CIO machinists lafaref Xya dJnd industnal Plant workers elass workers continued a strike against 12 T Pittsbureh Hate Glass company planU fol lowing a breakdown in contract negotiations SEND 67 BOYS TO ANAMOSA IN CLEANUP MOVE to Have No Connections With Reformatory Inmates Anamosa Three state guard trucks loaded with 67 in orrigible boys from the Iowa raining school at Eldbra arrived it the state mens reformatory Thursday The trucks were stopped outside he prison walls and the boys were ishered without incident into the ong vacated womens ward at tht reformatory In groups of 6 They were under the watchful eyes Iowa guardsmen com manded by Lt Col Dell B Black urn Shenandoah and 2 cars of lighway patrolmen under Sgt Russell Fisher Cedar Falls A state training school car driven by Jesse Perking Eldora auto mechanic at the school and oaded with equipment for the boys brought up the rear of the strange caravan which traveled in he rain across the state from El dora on highway 30 The caravan reached Cedar Rapids shortly after 10 a m and sirened its way through the down own traffic and through stop lights so rapidly that the few peo ple out in the rain were unaware what was taking place although he youths shouted profanely at hem from the open rear ends of the trucks The state board of control an nounced in DCS Moines the incor rigibles will be confined In a new lycreated branch of the Eldora school located at the reformatory In buildings which housed the womens reformatory before it was moved to Rockwell City The board emphasized that the new no connection with the reformatory and inmates will have no connec tion or communication with re formatory prisoners The new branch will be manned by civilians who will be under the direction D C Eichelberger named assistant superintendent To find personnel to operate the new branch some of the men like Eichelberger have been trans ferred from the reformatory pay roll to that of the school and now will be under the supervision of Fred Cooper Eldora superintend ent Transfer of the boys to quar ters where they can be segregated properly was expected to alleviate many of the difficulties encount ered by Cooper in his efforts to relieve chaotic conditions at the institution It also was expected to bring relief for members of the Iowa state guard on duty at the insti tution for 70 days longest continu ous period of active duty in the history of any Iowa militia Colonel Arthur T Wallace said he had no specific instructions yet regarding the guard but expected it would be only a few days be fore the approximately 65 officers and men at Eldora could be re turned to their homes Two principal reasons were cited as making the segregation necessary One was the repeated gangster tactics displayed by some of the ringleaders in recent diffi culties in which boys wanlrfnly attacked guardsand other inmates and destroyed property The other was an outcropping of sex perver sion which officials found impos sible to control under the living conditions necessitated by facili ties at the Eldora Institution The move is primarily a mat ter of protecting the other boys in the school Superintendent Cooper said We are determined to do the best we possibly can for these boys and their future should not be jeopardized by the associa tion with and leadership of bad boys Present enrollment at the train ing school totals 354 boys In ad dition some 27 still are at large either from the mass escape in August or in subsequent runaways from the umvalled institution Gov Robert D Blue and mem bers of the board of control re iterated that the use of the Ana mosa reformatory building was an emergency measure The board already is planning to build a new structure at the Eldora plant where incorrigibles may be prop erly segregated But it may take a year it may take 9 months or it may take 18 dont get this built the governor said This is an emergency The question has been raised whether boys committed to the Eldora school could legally be transferred to Anamosa Attorney General John M Ran kin ruled there was no prohibition against such a transfer so long as there was no connection between the nnit at Anamosa and the refonna ;