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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 8, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E R H 1ST MEM S AR r efT OF IOWA iS M o I t L 5 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIi tEASED FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 8 1939 MASON CTY BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 26 2 PENSION BOOST PLANS DEFEATED Southwest Drought Is Serious By CHARLES F STEWAKT Central Press Columnist The United States doesnt realize how bad a drought its had in recent months Senator John H Ban khead in forms us Why dont we realize it Why says the Alabama Eolon we dont realize it be cause our i wrs ni i n e w s p a p e rs t havent printed aiiyt h in g all summer except stuff about the STEWART European situ ation and dur ing the autumn about the war and our neutrality debate entire ly disregarding domestic condi tions The agriculture department agrees with Senator Bankhead The departments story is that the dust storms weve had in the dry belt heretofore will be re called as damp weather in com parison with what weve got com ing unless we get barrelsful of rain in the near future or huge quantities of snow to melt in the early spring time Its predicted that 25 per cent of our population in 29 states will be afflicted with short crops in 1940 from present indications Weather Bureau Agrees It sounds strange considering stories of overproduction OUL farm stuff Nevertheless Senator Bankhead whos chairman of the upper congressional chambers committee on and re clamation touches Ior it The weather bureau indorses him Western Kansas is said to be the worst spot A generation ago dry farming was preached in the semiaric west There was a weekly newspaper known as Campbells Soil Cul ture which boosted this doctrine I worked for it in its day I be lieved in it not knowing anything about soil culture I dont be lieve that many farmers knew either The idea was this Plough very deeply Then pul verize two or three inches of the surface into dust Probably no much rain would fall on the dus blanket but the blanket was de pended on to sop op every bit o moisture it did keep the juice from evaporating and le it seep through into the dirt un derneath The scheme worked pretty wel for a while Then western winds began ti blow the dust blanket off O K the farmers simply pulverized few successive inches into the th face of the earth But finally they got down to whats classed a hardpan No productive soil re mained for moisture to soak into Crops vs Grazing Some of this country was mor or less adapted to crops It didn need any tinkering It grow wheat and corn and miscel laneous vegetation anyway Some of it in the semiarid re gion needed to be left in the form of turf for cattle to chew on Th turf held the surface down to pastoral terra firma When blew off nothing was left fo cattle and neither was anythin left to grown crops on The agriculture departmen recommends windbreaks row of trees to head off dust storms The notions all right but be lated Maybe the Sahara desert coul have been regulated if taken i hand promptly Anyway the subjects drowne out right now by foreign compli cations Senator Bankhend very prop criy calls attention to the fnt that our own weather concerns u Some authorities say that w could if we tried make longer inadvance forecasts Thats prob lematic Director Charles G Ah bolt of the Smithsonion Institu tion looks on into the suns cy cles Theyre about 11 years a a clatter This is weather understand Not any other kind of prophesj German Freighter s Captured Taken to British Colony LONDON 7603 to German freighter Uhenfels h been captured and taken to Fre town Sierra Leone British co ony on the west coast of Africa was disclosed Wednesday Nazis Will Never DECLARES ALL OF RESOURCES ARE DEVELOPED Well Answer Great Britain With Language English Understand MUNICH Hitler declared Wednesday night that Germany never never will cap tulate and that he has given or ders for his forces to be ready for ive years of war Deriding Great Britains war alms he said that Germany would give its answer in a lan guage Britain will understand We have developed all Ger man resources to the last de tail he said They will never lay us low economically or mil itarily There can be only one lhat is we The fuehrer in a speech on the anniversary of the nazi Munich beer hall putsch said Fellow members in this serious hour I Iome to you to celebrate an event which was most important for the movement nazi and the German people he said X In spite of the failure of that event the beer hall putsch in 1923 it was the beginning of eventual success if Reviewing Germanys entry into the World war Hitler said that we knowthat in the end it was not Britain and France who beat us in the field was cheered loudly when he began speaking He addressed his old guard the nazi veterans who marched against the guns of the German republican army 1923 in the illfated putsch in which the first attempt was made to establish a nazi regime The fuehrer was greeted with shouts ot when he entered Buergerbrau a nazi which he and his lieutenants started for the hall of ilie field marshals just 15 years ago Besides original marchers of 1923 such as Field Marshal Goer ing and Rudolph Hess other rank ing leaders such as Propaganda Minister Goehbels Foreign Min ister von Hibbentrop and several admirals and generals attended the observance Decision to radiocast his speed came as a surprise since usually he speaks only in impromptu fashion each year to the comrades of 1923 V Neither the British nor French soldiers had more cour age than the Germans he said of Germanys World war defeat It was a lie that beat us Churchill British first lord of the admiralty Winston Cliurch ill then forced us into war We had a weak government Today he lias forced us into war again but now we are a strong govern ment The British say they are fight ing for justice ironical laughter and they say they are fighting foi the peoples right of self deter mination They say they are fight ing for civilization Only in thi British mining regions only ii their slums is there civilization Hitler spoke in bitingly sarcastii tones He charged that Britain i trying to separate the nationa socialist government from the German people and he attackec Churchill repeatedly by name Britain claims she is going war to rid the worid of war he said That is what she has ahvay done The iflca after Hie World war was that trusting in Britains word we were all to lay down our arms Colonies were to lie redistributed and the League of Nations was fo crown the whole plan The league succeeded only in sterilizing the whole plan Hitlers speech was not broad cast on shortwave so it was heard only in Germany and adjacent countries But Germans who us ually learn of the Munich beer putsch anniversary after publica tion of a summary tuned their sets to Munich Thursday night Where is the much vaunted freedom of peoples Hitler asked Where are all the promises re garding colonies made after the World war Where is the assur ance of general disarmament AH lies Hitler said that the nazi move ment was born of necessity out of the misery of the betrayed Ger man people Germans Say U S Ship Has Contraband SUB IS DESTROYED BY BLAST MISHAP picked up in New York said the American ship Black Gull above sailed irom Now at her own risk carrying a contraband cargo for Europe This picture of the ship was made as she sailed Saturday Her owners said the sailing was shortly before the new neutrality law went into effect and that the cargo destined for Antwerp and Rotterdam was legal 6 Special Trains to Carry Gridiron Fans to Iowa City 25 Patrolmen Will Be Assigned to Highways to Handle Traffic DBS MOINES special trains will carry football fans to Iowa City next Saturday for the Notre DameIowa gridiron battle Rock Island railroad officials an nounced Wednesday The specials will carry 2000 or more rooters to the game the officials estimated Two trains will leave Des Moines at a m Saturday A special car from Omaha Nebr Nile Kinnicks home town will be added to one of the trains here The remainder of the schedule calls for a special train from Chi cago two from Davenport and another from Hannibal Mo The Missouri train will come up to Iowa City through Burlington the Rock Island said Chief C A Knee of the Iowa highway patrol said he expected 25 or 30 patrolmen would be assigned to keep traffic orderly in and out of Iowa City Major road problems he said probably would be highway No 6 between Des Moines and Iowa City Iowa City and Davenport No 161 between Cedar Rapids and Iowa City and highway No 30 both ways out of Cedar Rapids Major E A Conley assistant patrol chief will be in charge of the football traffic forces The chief pleaded for rea sonable caution to and from the game so that the fun of the occasion will not be marred by Tenth or injury He asked for particular care on the homeward journey after the game so that the motorized units of the pheasant hunting army do not clash in a series of highway accidents with the football crowd The pheasant shooting season opens Sunday Ticket sales indicate a sellout crowd of 50000 fans may see the Hawkeyes battle the Irish The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair not so cold in central anil west portions IVed iicsday night Thursday increas ing cloudiness and warmer MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness not so cold in west and south Wednesday Thurs day cloudy and warmer prob ably snow or rain in central and north portions IOWA SHIPPERS FORE CAST for Wednesday night Northwest 30 northeast 25 southern half 35 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Prccip 24 LOOK INSIDE FOR CLEMENT K ATTLEE Says British Labor WelcomesPeace Plan PAGE 2 Mason City High Will Open Booster Sales PAGE 9 St Ansgar Plans Lifework Program PAGE 7 City of Flint Will Remain at Bergen for Several Days BERGEN American freighter City of Flint recently released from a German prize crew by the Norwegian govern ment will remain here for several days it was reported Wednesday The United States minister Mrs J Borden Harriman called mean while on the British naval at tache presumably to continue ne gotiations in regard to disposition of the vessels cargo Hen Lays tggs in iCupboard Not Floor HARRISBURG Pa derman J K Armstrongs brown bantam biddy is giarf to ac commodate She comes into the kitchen to lay eggs in the stove t M cupboards or never on Coal the floor says Mrs Armstrong here Churchill Declares British Are Mastering Nazi UBoat Attack By THE ASSOCIATED PUESS THE HAGUE optimism aroused by medi ation offer of Netherlands queen and Belgian king1 BERLIN Hiller pon ders reply but authoritative sources sec little hope of belligerents accepting LONDON Britain to consult French before re plying cabinet considers offer PARIS Press predicts no will be French answer two unidentified planes scatter Molotoff speech on Germansoviet cooperation over Paris region ROME Fascist news papers attack communist international after silence since Germansoviet pact Leaflets Dropped in Paris Region PARIS unidentified planes were reported by military sources Wednesday to have been fired upon when they dropped propaganda leaflets on the Paris region in early morning darkness Tuesday The leaflets bore part of the Oct 31 speech by soviet Russian Premier Mololoff in which he no tified the world that Russia was drawing closer to Germany U was not determined whether the planes were German or French machines flown by French com munists The leaflet bombers apparent ly returned Tuesday night because residents agnin heard antiair craft firing in the direction of Versailles Sunie sources said similar leaf lets were dropped in eastern France On each occasion the planes flew off to the cast toward the German frontier From the nature of the print in French quarters decided that the pamphlets were printed in Germany Military sources acknowledged meanwhile that Gorman aircraft made reconnaissance flights deep into French territory Tuesday loss of the British submarine Oxley by an ac cidental explosion was announced o the house of commons Wednes day by Winston Churchill first ord of the admiralty Since the outbreak of the war Churchill said one of four sub marines H M S Oxley has been destroyed by an accidental ex plosion in circumstances which made its publication inadvisable at the time He did not disclose the place or date The Oxley was the first sub marine loss announced by the British since the war began Built in 192G27 for the Aus tralian navy she was presented to the British navy in 1931 by Australia as an economy meas ure Submarines of her class carry a normal complement of 54 men have a surface displace ment of 135t tons carry three guns and eight torpedo tubes Churchill declared three times as many British hunting craft were at sea now as at the outbreak of war and that a fairly sound conservative estimate ot German submarine losses was between two and four every week What I told the house under mucli reserve six weeks ago I can now repeat with more as that we are gaining a definite mastery over the Uboat attack Churchill attributed the loss of the battleship Rcval Oak at Scapa Flow to the fact the naval bases defenses were incomplete He estimated that Germany could produce two new subma rines weekly and added at any rote our expectation is that we must face 100 Uboats in January less whatever sinkings have oc curred Dealing with the addition menace of the surface raidei Churchill said it is certain tha one and possibly two of the so called pocket battleships has been out upon the Atlantic trade route during the last six weeks IOWA MERCURY WILL GO HIGHER Fair Skies Predicted for State After Low of 22 Is Registered DES MOINES wcath or bureau promisee warmer read ings under fair skies night after the mercury dropped to a brisk 22 degrees Tuesday night at Iowa Falls Smog here and in other cities where coal smoke mixed with a light fog was noticeable Wednes day morning the bureau said but otherwise skies were clear Only rainfall report was a trace at Kcofcuk The bureau warned shippers to protect for readings from 25 to 30 degrees in northern Iowa and 35 degrees elsewhere in the rest of the stale Wednesday night Th mercury touched a high of 60 degrees Tuesday at Mount Ayr Ham Egg Sponsors to Seek 3rd Vote Vow to Recall Governor Olson for Opposing Pension Proposal SAN FRANCISCO the second time California voters have refused to serve ham and eggs1 pensions to the states old ters Sponsors of the pension ilan answered the smashing two o one defeat by vowing Wed icsday to recall Gov Culbert L Olson for opposing their proposal and bring the measure up for a hird vote Everyone Californias 58 lounties voted down the measure ncluding Los Angeles birthplace f many old age pension schemes Returns from 10176 of the states 11165 precincts showed only 831310 voting for the plan to 1021751 against it compared fo lie narrow margin of about 250000 by which it was defeated a year ago if By about the same twotoone margin voters turned down an initiative to liberalize the chiro practic law and approved two legislative bills regulating loan sharks A proposal to regulate gas production was defeated by a narrower but nevertheless deci sive vote Willis Allen campaign dirootoi for the plan and Roy G Owens who was to have been its admin istrator jointly announced recall oetitions against the governor would be started at OnCC if Olson who was elected by ham and eggers lias repudiated the people they said Allen and Owens asserted the governor encouraged every of fice holder to feed adverse statements to the press and use the power of his office in the service of Ihc banks and mono polies The plan would have providec pension warrants of S30 fact value weekly for ail unemployec over 50 years old It contemplntei a 2 per cent weekly stamp Uix t finance the warrants which supposed to circulate as money The plan would have requiret extensive economic and taxatioi changes Opponents said it wouli mean financial chaos state bank ruptcy and economic dictatorship So great was the interest ii the ham and eggs plan that ai estimated 75 to 80 per cent o Californias registered voters bal loted compared to a previous spe cial election high of 56 per cent The full count will not be knowr for several days In San Francisco where the vote was complete nearly 85 per cent voted Voters decisively rejected a ref erendum to establish state contro over oil production which Pres ident Roosevelt and former Pres ident Herbert Hoover had en dorsed Opponents called it a po tcntial price fixing instrumei which would raise the price gasoline Returns from 10023 preeinu showed 1410267 votes again tile measure to B2G222 for it iEVERE LOSSES MOWN IN OHIO ANDCALIFORNIA N Y Voters Sanction PariMutuel Betting Tammany Makes Gains KLECTIONS AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press and eggs pension proposal defeated decisively age pension plan beaten 3 to 1 NEW YOKK Parimutuel betting at horse race tracks ap proved Tammnny won York county offices KENTUCKY Gov Keen Johnson D defeated King Swope R in gubernatorial contest E Lambertson H elected mayor over Robert C White D J Jef fries defeated Mayor Richard W Reading SAN FRANCISCO Mayor Angelo J Hossi reelected for third term over a field of seven Harold II Burton won third term FOURTH VICTIM REPORTED MIDLAND Ark of the body of C Evan S3 Mid land raised to four Wednesday the number of miners who drowned in sudden flooding of the Rains company workings ncai Theres Still TIME to get that clever snap shot entered in the Globe Gareffe Picture of the conresh If ifdoesnt arrive in time for this week it will be held over for the next selection of winners The contest is open to alt amateur photographers in this section Besides the first prize of fine en largements for the three best pictures each week are offered by ihe Kayenay Camera store Be sure to send both the picture and negative or film to Pic ture of the Week care of the GlobeGazette WAR ORDERS TO AID IN DEFENSE Army and Navy Stress Latest Methods for All of Manufacturing WASHINGTON to rely chiefly on voluntary coop eration the army and navy are striving to make European war orders an aid rather than a hind rance to American defense efforts Officials said Wednesday that foreign contracts for arms and supplies expected to reach 000000 in the immediate future would raise a host of complicating problems The British embassy an nounced Wednesday night that Great Hrilaii ami France would coordinate their purchases in the United States to eliminate competition between them It also said that a new organization called the British supply board in Canada and the United States would coordinate North Ameri can purchases British orders in this country arc to be placed through a British purchasing commission Insofar as they increase the pro ductive capacity of domestic air craft and other industries the for eign orders aic welcomed enthus iastically Allied purchases of arms and supplies totaling more than in 191418 demon strated however that export sales create difficulties fov the army and navy BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Pension plans combining in creased grants to the aged with unorthodox methods of raising the money were rejected Tuesday by topheavy majorities in Cali fornia and Ohio In other offyear elections New York voters sanctioned pari inutuel ruce betting and gave Tammany control of county jobs while Kentucky chose a demo cratic governor None of the contests held na tionwide political significance Ohio ballots snowed under the pension proposal advocated by Herbert S Bigelow Cincinnati clergyman to assure income of S50 a month to those past 60 The plan which called for a state in come tax and a levy on valuable real estate was defeated by a margin of more than 3 to 1 Returns from 8030 ot 8580 precincts gave 418078 for the pension plan anU 1393615 against it i Opponents contended that the vote showed Ohio would not be deluded by suggestions of this kind but Bigelow already lias announced a new proposal The California returns buried the ham and eggs pension pro gram by a tremendous margin but there too sponsors said a further fight was planned The proposi tion would have paid the unem ployed past 50 up to S30 a week and would have been financed by a system of state script Tension leaders declared they would start a recall movement against Gov Culbcrt L Olson who fought the plan They con tended that lie had been elected by ham ami csrscrs last year In Kentucky Gov Keen Tohti son democrat was elected to the office he reached through the re cent resignation of Gov A B Chandler who entered the senate His republican opponent was Cii cuit Judge King Swtipe A Tammany triumph in coun ty races in Iscw York City marked a chance of sentiment in the metropolis wlicrc the or ganization had been losing in re cent years New York republictins were vic torious however in an upstate congressional rtce Edwin Arthur Hall republican defeated John V Johnson democrat and Ameri can labor party in a contest to succeed the late Rcprcscntatic Lord R N Y In Pennsylvania VoioTernDie Second republican trailed John E Sheridan democrat for the un cxpired term in congress of Rep resentative Daly D Pa Pen rose is a nephew of the late Sen ator Boies Penrosc In South Carolina Mr Thomas S McMillan held a long lead in the race to succeed her late hus band Representative McMillan D S Car The only statewide issue in Neiv Yorks election was the proposal to permit machine wag ering at the five horse race tracks in the stale Heretofore such wagering has been placed with bookmakers The vote fav oring parimutuels was better than two to one The Philadelphia mayoral IICP won by Robert E Lamberton le publican attracted attention Lara ;