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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 7, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NOfcTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Qn GLOBEGAZETTE THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH I I G H I 0 R S United Press full Lease Wires NOVEMBER 7 1949 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary W EARL HALL Monoging Editor A Horse Buggy Electoral System THERES rather general agree choice of t tial connection with the a president is clumsy in need o But when it n is a candidate for president won a ority of the total vote 48 states Mr Truman minority president of that election de pended on what happened in 3 states California Illinois and Ohio Narrowing it down still further it hung on 30000 votes In those 3 states If all 3 of these hairline states had gone republican Thomas E Dewey would have been elected president If any two of them had gone for Dewey neither candidate would have had a pledged ma jority of the electoral votes That would have left decision to the house of representatives Interest Focused Anew It s the narrow escape from that course of action that has sharp ened congressional interest in re lorm of the whole electoral pro cess And it isnt confined to one party although President Truman has let it be known that hes will ing to let good enough alone In a statement to the presiden tial electors assembled in Wash ington on Jan 19 1949 Mr Tru man noted the general success of the electoral college system and expressed his opposition to any change I am in favor of letting the constitutional provisions for elec tors continue as it has continued for 160 years and the country will ghV the president as serted Only One Change Made In this generalization Mr Tru man wasnt precisely correct Ihere has been a slight change in the system Originally the Labor Peace Settlement Hopes Soar Several Steel Firms Expected to Conform UMW Holds Meeting This Paper ConaisU of Two HOME EDITION mini No 23 t tion hospital anH kG last from the in in its its FE UE Locals Whether to Remain in Unions B THE ASSOCIATED PRESS cals in Iowa EIectricaI Workers lo uniona or seek affiliation withone With their vice president was the candidate second high in the contest for the presidency In the working out of things that meant a president of one point of view and a vice presidentand possible another A change in this wfcs made in the early days of our republic 1804 with the vice president running for that specific office just as the president does Dissatisfaction with the electoral college has been just about every Davenport apparently plan w the leftwing FEUE expelled from Members of 2 Cedar Rapids lo e io frorr and join the United Aut voiced during administration are in a since the beginnings of our repub lic But always there has been op position to change and an inabil ity to rally enough votes to pass it over the opposition Small States Object For one thing theres provision written into the constitutional act setting up the electoral college giving each state a bonus of 2 votes This is in favor of the small states Any change would have to be ratified by 34ths of the states and these small states blocking position Then too political parties have been uncertain as to what effect any change might have on their relative strength Thats a factor of extreme importance in the pres ent situation But probably the most telling reason for inaction is that up to this time the electoral college plan with all its faults has nev er brought about any national ca lamity and only an instance or so in which the will of the nations majority didnt prevail in the choice of a president Only 2 Miscarriages In only 2 elections during the past 100 years Rutherford B Hayes in 1876 and Benjamin Har rison in 1888 has the present method of election defeated this popular will by giving the presi dency to a candidate who received fewer popular votes than his rival In 15 elections on the other hand the successful candidate has had a majority of the popular vote while in the other 9 including that of 1948 although the candi dates elected have been minor ity presidents all won pluralities over their principal opponents All of this has given our law our people I sus pect idea that even though the electoral college is a relic of the past theres no par ticular point in abolishing it or even changing it drastically until weKnow for sure that the plan replacing it would be an improve ment Modernization Favored That may be the outcome of cur rent attempts to bring about a change although there have been reports favoring a change from the judiciary committees of both the senate and the house Both committees are recommending the adoption of a constitutional amendment designed to modernize this aspect of our democratic pro cesses The proposal most in the lime light at present is one sponsored by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts a republican and Rep Gossett of Texas a democrat Both have announced that they Will press for a decision soon aft CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Workers However Charles Hobble o nV6 ft1 district presiden of the Farm Equipment Workers council of the United Electrica Workers says officers of the 2 the CherryBurreli and Speeder corporation been suspended He contends the votes on withdrawal in the 2 plants were taken in an illegal and improper manner Fred Bissell president of the LinkBelt Speeder local said he was uncertain what course the lo cal would take or whether it would heed the suspension order We have always been members of the CIO1 out here and the mem bers of the local want to stay in that organization he said Similar Sentiment Officers of the CheiryBurrell local expressed a similar senti ment earlier The situation elsewhere in Iowa was this of United Electrical Workers local 1116 rep resenting about 2500 workers in 2 Maytag corporation plants in Newton and one small Maytag unit in Hampton voted to remain with the UE The local said it would resist on every front the program of raiding unionbusting and redbaiting hypocrisy of the leaders of the CIO Fred Maytag president of the firm said the company would take no sides in the controversy the company plans only iocontinue our present cordial relationship with the union He added that it would be improper for me even to express an opin ion Vote to Stay BULLETIN Lake Success N Y SSto to exercise their sovereign Jy in atomic energy control 3 lowans Die in Accidents on Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS over the week end claimed the lives of 3 more persons in Iowa Colesburg dav n Vhf un day night when she was struck by an automobile near her home S of Highway said the car driven by Albert Zaps of Guttenberg fcddent f produc will revive sharply this week the Bethlehem but still wont amount to more than 21 per cent of the indus try s rated capacity the Ameri can Iron and Steel institute esti mated Monday Washington Hopes for la bor peace in both the steel and coal industries hinged Monday on quickened settlement moves in the steel strike Government officials said they look for several major steel firms to come to terms this week with the striking CIO steelworkers They said this probably would egg on John L Lewis and soft coal operators toward an agree ment There were reports that Presi dent Truman may intervene in the coal situation if it continues hope less beyond this week In 49th Day The coal strike now is 49th day the steel strike 37th Of the 2 stoppages the worst effects have come from the coal mine walkout which curtailed train service and created fuel shortages for many householders But lack of steel has hit manufac turers Steel settlement prospects looked brighter with the return to Pittsburgh of Philip Murray president of the CIO and the striking Steelworkers union Murray busy with the CIO con vention at Cleveland last week now can give full time to pressing on the rest of the industry the peace terms already accepted by the Bethlehem Steel Corp 2nd largest steel producer More Talks Scheduled Peace talks with the steelwork ers also were scheduled for early this week by Jones Laughlin Steel Corp and Youngstown bheet Tube both major pro ducers Murray also may soon take up the invitation to negotiate issued rry o larSest Producer Steel Corp Troops on Parade in Soviet Celebration Armed Forces Minister Echoes Attack on West p n OVER DEATH OF INFANT AP Wirephoto SON and GRIEVE ruW Snn coroner lules Sunday night at an inquest that the death of their 6weekold son Stephan was accidental Utica NY sob as the coroner rr U Meanwhile Mine Strike Leader Lewis was in Chicago for a union strategy meeting Mercury Climbs to Mark in 70s Gleaners in North Iowas corn fields worked up a sweat aay as temperatures in the 70s heralded the arrival of Indian summer There were a number of cases of sun and windburn Sun day and Monday particularly among the school children picking Admits Story FineTgoinst Lewis Upheld by Top Court was the v TWeisz 63 died at a Sioux City hospital Sunday a few he was by a u IA ct trtl7 vhile he was changing a tire Po ice arrested the driver on charges of driving a motor vehicle while ntoxicated reckless driving and operating amotor vehicle with mproper brakes Mrs J L Whitehead 65 of Hepburn was killed in the colli ion of a loaded gravel truck and a car at a country road intersec ion northwest of Clarinda Satur ay night Mrs Whiteheads daugh er Mrs Weldon E Jones of Hep urn was hospitalized at Clarinda vith injuries suffered in the acci enl John Watkins Eock island 111 another district presi workers a in of the Quad had voted to remain with UE Included is the French and Hecht local in Davenport Charles City Paul Mathers chairman of local 115 of FEUE said that local would remain in UE until such time as the matter can be thoroughly reviewed by the executive board steward body and rank and file of the local The local represents about 1750 work ers in the Oliver corporation plant Mary Testroet president of lo cal 271 representing 275 workers in the former Belmont Radio cor poration plant at Charles City said the union executive board and steward body and also the rank and file of the union had Ttplded to remain within FE SAME Bliek meant trmffio In pait VI utherans Plan to Raise Million Philadelphia The United T I J1IC U t in America an onday it plans to raise in 6 days for its col and theological seminaries Groundwork for the appeal largest m the churchs history will at regional meetings throughout the nation leges be made scheduled for Monday and Tuesday The farmers smiled with the sun as it gave them a reprieve irom bad weather The dry fall has given them an opportunity to get their corn off the ground in the best possible condition The mercury climbed to 74 in the early afternoon Monday for the highest mark in the month since Nov 1 1944 and the high est Nov 7 mark since 1931 when it reached the same point Quits Red Army to Take Cabinet Post in Poland Warsaw Poland One of soviet Russias top army comman ders Marshal Konstantin K Rok ossovsky quit the red army Mon day to enter the Polish cabinet as minister of national defense Rokossovsky born in Poland 53 years ago also will be appointed to the important council of a post expected to give him a strong voice in governmental as well as military affairs of this soviet orbit nation Rokossovsky commanded one of the soviet army groups that lib erated Warsaw Sinse the end of the war he has commanded the parts of of Kidnaping to Be Hoax lUtica N Y A remorse stricken mother has confessed that her 6weekold son was killed in a fall from her arms and that her story of kidnaping was made up out of fear of what her husband would say I dropped my baby Mrs Stel la Komorek blurted out at a cor oners inquest Sunday night The sobbing admission from the plump 29yearold mill workers wife came 11 hours after the body of her son Stephen was found in a millpond 500 yards from the modest Komorek nearby Clayville home in Washington supreme court Monday in effect upheld the 1420000 contemptofcourt fines irffA and the during a walkout The fines were imposed by Judge T Alan Goldsborough in U i district court here after Lewis ignored a court order to bring the strike to a prompt end Lewis was fined and the union aOfl flfin Coroner Preston E Clark gave a verdict of accidental death Au thorities said no charge would be placed against Mrs Komorek During hours of steady question ing by state police Sunday she had clung to her story that the infant was snatched from its bas sinet in the kitchen late Friday night by a strange man But under oath at the coroners inquest she broke almost at once Attorneys for Lewis and the union appealed to the supreme court to review Goldboroughs rul ing and set aside the fines But the court denied a review by a 53 vote thus letting the ruling stand unchanged and in effect upholding it 2 Dissent Tne courts decision was an Overrule New Trial on Lansing Bridge Washington court of claims overruled Monday the fed eral governments motion for a new trial in the case of the Wisconsin Bridge company of Lansing Iowa This completes the case unless the government de cides to carry it o the supreme court The company was awarded a judgment against the federal gov ernment for plus interest by the court of claims on July 11 for damage claimed to the Missis sippi river bridge at Lansing from water backed up by a federal dam Including interest the stock nounced in a brief order which said Justices Black Reed and Douglas dissented Justice Clark took no part That meant that Chief Justice Vinson and Justices Frankfurter Jackson Burton and Minton voted to uphold the fines In other actions court Spurn Rail Refused to by railroad unions on the 1948 court order which headed off a nationwide railroad strike Agreed to rule on a the right of Texas to require separate and of make the world can colony The main attack was made Sunday night by communist polit buro member Georgi M Malen kov who asserted that such a war would mean an end of capitalism m the world It was echoed Monday by Mar shal Alexander M Vasilevsky minister of the soviet armed forces at the spectacular and tra ditional military ceremonies in Moscows historic red square Vas ilevsky spoke briefly from atop the tomb where the Russian revo lutions chief hero Nikolai Lenin lies in state in a glass coffin Vasilevsky accused warmon gers of pursuing a policy of aggression He called on the Rus sians to fight still harder for the further growth of the might of our state Reviews Troops Vasilevsky reviewed thousands of Russian foot soldiers tanks and motorized weapons streaming for hours through red square The aerial parade over the marching soldiers was led by Generalissimo Stalin s son Gen Vassily Stalin flying m a fighter plane Malenkov hurled his charges at theUnited States Sunday night as the principal speaker in cere monies at Moscows Bolshoi the ater inaugurating the anniversary celebration He charged the United States was plotting to enslave the entire world Malenkov vigorously asserted that the Soviets do not want war and we shall do everything pos sible to avert it Blackmail Instrument In the hands of the imperial ists he declared atomic energy is a means for the production of lethal weapons a means of intimi dation an instrument of black mail and coercion But in the hands of the soviet people he continued it can be and must be a mighty instrument of technical progress on a scale never witnessed before an instru ment for the further rapid devel opment of the productive forces of our country Malenkov called for uncondi tional outlawing of atomic weap ons establishment of suitable international control and con demnation of the preparations being conducted in certain coun tries and in particular in the United States and Britain for a Russias red leaders Monday led cele miversary of their 1917 revo blood bath of war designed to Give Uranium to Russians Prague Czechoslovakia Premier Antonin Zapotocky an nounced Monday that Czechoslo vakia was giving uranium to Rus sia Tens of thousands of persons who gathered to hear Zapotocky speak cheered his report that ur anium from Czechoslovakia was going to the Soviet Union The crowd massed in a dismal Kg at a hall near the center of Prague for the celebration of the 32nd anniversary of the bolshevik revolution We will not hide the fact that there are uranium deposits in our territory Zapotocky said We are proud of it and that we can supply this richness to the Soviet Union The Czech uranium mines are around Jacymov in northwest Bo hemia a few miles from the bor der of sovietoccupied Germany They have been cloaked in secrecy since the communists took over in Prague Investigating Shooting of 8 Year Old Boy An investigation was underway Monday into the shooting of Duane Robert Johnson 8 son of Mr and Mrs Maynard Johnson vU i Kensett who wounds in the new war Halt Payment From Miners7 Welfare Fund received serious back from gun shot Sunday afternoon Meanwhile the youths condi tion was reported as satisfactory at the Park hospital in Mason City where he was taken at p m Sunday The youth was brought to the hospital Sunday from his home He was reportedly hit by a shot gun blast from a passing car while playing irf the yard of his home Neither Sheriff Ancel Conner nor a highway patrolman inves tigating Monday would elaborate further on the details of the shoot ing Monday the and b the right of Oklahoma to force a Negro to sit apart from white students enrolled in state university the Concord N H ff ator Styles Bridges TJ S Sen RN H holders were awarded in Expect Enactment of Hoover Reforms Washington better UR Backers of commission program and cheaper govern ment believed Monday that the threat of a federal deficit and higher taxes will spur public demand for enactment of most of the package of reforms So far about onefifth of the Hoover commissions program has been ordered into effect These reforms when fully in operation could save a year t is estimated But getting them nto effect is a gradual process Congressional approval of the 80 per cent of the pro gram could save a year additional over the long haul its backers claim Total savings thus could nearly equal he amount of this years deficit ut they could not all be achieved n one year Heading up the campaign for action by the next session of con gress is Dr Robert L Johnson president of Temple university Philadelphia He is chairman of the citizens committee for the Hoover report This was set up as a followthrough organization when the commission headed by former President Herbert Hoover submitted its reports and went out of business early this year We believe that the coming session of congress probably will give the public a decision on 80 Per cent of the remaining recom mendations if the public demands it Johnson said There is every evidence that public insistence on the program is increasing still more it If taxation Is logical to rises sup pose that the citizens will be even more interested in specific economies such as those proposed for the postoffice personnel man agement and budgeting and ac counting practices Reforms in these 3 govern ment operations alone could re sult in savings of a year The committees score card shows that none of those 3 im mediate objectives has been ac complished It notes that con gress now has no further hear ings scheduled on postoffice or personnel management reforms and that so far as budgetingac counting practices are concerned there are no hearings sched uled The citizens committee esti mates that from legislation so far approved savings of at least 250000000 can be realized Decided the U S district court here has power to grant a group of Negro firemen an injunction rgamst asserted discrimination in railroad job assignments Will Not Testify on Red Activities Washington Redhaired Louise Bransten Berman west coast heiress refused Monday to tell the house committee on un American activities whether she contributed to communist front activities The witness voiced angry indignation at my contin ued harrassment She refused on the grounds of constitutional rights to answer a ong list of questions by Commit tee Investigator Louise Russell This was Mrs Bermans 2nd ap pearance before the committee The first was about a year ago behind closed doors neutral trustee for the United Mine Workers welfare fund has called for an immediate stop to payments from the multimillion dollaij fund He confirmed Monday a letter he wrote to John L Lewis trustee for the miners demanding that further payments be stopped be cause they are illegal I am deeply concerned at the rate of expenditures from the fund for the socalled hospital and med ical cases which we are still pay ing Bridges wrote I am alarmed at the possible obligations and liabilities incurred Ariur Rubinstein Asks About Waverly DCS Moines Rubin stein world renowned pianist said here Monday he had a slight worry about the existence of Wav erly Iowa He is to play a concert at 8 p m Monday night at Wartburg col lege auditorium there Without any pretense at belittling Rubinstein wanted to make sure he had the town right I can hardly believe the con cert is there he said shaking his head But I think it is wonder but not yet paid Since expiration of the UMW ASKS NOMINATION PAPERS Des Moines secretary of states office Monday received a request from Rep Henry O Talle R Decorah for nomination pa pers as a candidate for renomina tion in next years republican prir contract last June payments have been limited to emergency hospi tal and medical cases The fund has fallen from in June to about last month Bridges offices confirmed Printer Faces Gambling Charges Rock Island III L Murray 64 Davenport printer Monday faced charges of illegal possession of gambling devices after allegedly hiding 11000 punchboards in a tailor shop here Murray was released during the eekend without bond and or red to appear today in police court He was arrested late Satur His arrest came as rumors of gambling starting here circulated m the wake of the antigamblinc campaign in Iowa Weather Report FORECAST Fair and continued mild Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 3542 Mason City Sunny and mild Tues day High Tuesday near 70 Clear and cool Monday night with low about 40 Fair and continued mild Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy south cloudy and somewhat cooler north portion Low Monday night 35 to 40 High Tuesday 65 to 70 south 50 to 55 north IN MASON CJTY GlobeGazette weather statistics lor the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO 64 31 41 Maximum Minimum 4R 28 Plan Biuar Supper GlobeGazette weather statis tics of the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m High Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 4 35 39 64 SI 37 ;