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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1950, Mason City, Iowa Only the Free Have the Right to Vote You Have If Use til NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPtR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10 WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION j vn anil United Full LMM Wlrw t Copy MASON CUT IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER ol Two 24 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Koreas Impact on National Defense arent ever going to be the same again around tha giant building in Washington known as the Pentagon The Ko rean war has changed everything Experiences of the past 4 months in that faroff land have thrown the white light on the few strengths and the many weakness es of our national defense Of greatest importance in this respect is the revolutionary change of attitude toward our overall de fense problem Up to the outbreak Of the hostilities in Korea tha overall attitude was expressible in How much can we spend on national defense and still have enough money left to do all the other things we want to do This question undoubtedly origi nated in the white house but it spread to the congress and even to the Pentagon The emphasis has been not on our defense needs but on those other things we want to do suchthings as providing se curity and subsidies for various segments of our population etc Alls Different Now All of that is now out the win dow From this point on the rule will be to take a look at the world situation and try to determine by objective appraisal of that world situation what our defense needs are Remember how all of of us at any applauded the newly appointed secretary of the defense department when he an ti6uncedthat he had a planunder which he could give us adequate national defense for something less than the billion appropriated by congress Remember too how many of us not all of that of defense when sum en a giant carrier ship folk navy which there had been an appropriation by congress Now and all because of the les son contained in the Koreanwar we have become aware as a nation that it would profit us nothing to promote domestic security if by doing it we left America open to attack and capture by a power bent on achieving world domina tion First Things Placed First By bitter experience weve been induced to put first things first in our approach to the national de fense question There was a time when some of those in high places in our na tional defense setup believed that longrange bombersand push buttons would be principal in gredients in pur next war That meant a minimizing of such pldr as footsoldiers carrierrships andthe likel Nomore of that around the Pen The Korean war has made it crystal clear that a wellrounded defense is an absolute essential The building up of one military element the expense of another issheer follyJyAir power is enor mously important totalpic it isnt the total picture of and by itself Exponents of victory by air power alone are strangely silent about the Korean phenomenon in whichwe had not mere superiority in the air but uncontested mastery Inthe face of this however the final decision was writteriby fight ers with guns and bayonets 2 Enticing Phrases something fascinatiag about the phrase pushbutton war Guided is a com panion phrase That sounds good too But until theres a guided mis sile equipped with the intelligence required to change its mind over a target area pushbutton wars are for the distant future not the pres ent Nothing of this sort has yet been evolved Perhaps the most important sin gle fact developed by the Korean war is one which should have been obvious to to us who claim no expertness in military we had but opened our eyes The fact to which I re fer is that we were fools to think we could have military or even relative billion a year Because of Russias peculiar economy its difficult and per haps impossible to determine what percentage of her national income has been devoted to her military might There are such imponder ables as slaye labor to be consid ered Perhaps its 25 per cent per haps its 50 per cent Evidence in dicates that its nearer 50 than 25 per cent A Pathetic Contrast But whatever the exact percen tage its beyond mistaking that the 6 per cent of national income rep fesented by our billion appro priation for national defense is in pathetic contrast with the Russian CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 START OP MARATHON CAMPAIGN the clock pointing to 6 a m Gov Thomas E Dew ey of New York Monday began an 18hour televisionra dio campaign in a bid for reelection in New York Gov Dewey started his marathon campaign talkfest with an attackon the China and Korea policies of the Truman ad ministration said he answer questions telephoned to the studios and 50 special phones were in stalled to take the calls Hkkeniooper At Loveland Outline Issues for Voters By DWIGHT McCORMACK DCS Moines men who are in the best position to know what issues interested the voters niost outKned a variety of them Monday as campaigning for Tues days general election slackened The senatorial and gubernatorial nominees together with the major parties state ch a i r me n were asked in effect what issues swayed the voters most in their opinions U S Senator Bourke B Hicken ooper who seeks republican re election answered the question by saying Iowa citizens are independent Jtiinkers They are aroused over the attempts of the Washington sureaucrats tocrowd ahandpicked candidate downtheir throats Resent Kecimentetion They Resent these efforts to nake a political football out of the arm issues Jowa refuse o be regimentedanS willso ex press themselves atthe polls jThey will express their api iroval of our determined fight against communism here and broau and their resentment to ward the inept bungling of for eign affairs which has resulted in he Korean catastrophe The voterswill take advantage if this opportunity to legister tieir piotest against the socializa ion of a free economy They are ully aroused Albert J Loveland democratic enatofial nominee replied to the ame question The issues which interested the voters most were 1 Our appeal for allout sup iort of the United Nations 2 A farmer to represent a arm state in the senate 3 The bad work record of our pponent on the senate agricul ure committee 4 The bad voting record of ur opponent a record in too many instances against the peo le andfor the big utilities and ig oil companies Governors View Gov William S Beardsley out or a 2nd republican term said The expanded state program or development of human and atural resources of pur state ontemporaneously with the maintenance of sound tax and fi ancial policies interested the Lester S Gillette democratic ominee for governordeclared The public was most interested the scandal in the state liquor ontrol commission in which the overnor1 Democratic Commis orierRussell Swift and the gov rnprs ownappointee Art Co urn are was the biggest issue by ar Nexfctpthat there was con derable interest in establishing state commission to regulate tility rates The present sftuation not right and the people know Third were the antifreeze and ax commission incidehtsThere a lack ofiritelligence for deal ng the people of the state nd the people1 resent it very c Goodwin Comments Robert KGoodwin republican1 ate chairman commented V uppermost this time ras the question of integrity in both national and tate The Iowa electorate can easily discern capable sound pub lic servants when they see them in actionOnthis basis they will return Beardsley to the governor ship Hickenlopper to the senate and the Iowa republican delega tion to congress Jake More democratic state chairman said The issue on the state level was economy in government Many people wonder what the state will do for funds now that republican administrations have spent the surplus they had Does it mean new and added taxes The democrats are com mitted to tax reduction and econ omy in government The liquor scandal problem created more interest than any other issue The people protest the state spending the taxpayers1 money to build up a liquor reserve The money could better have been spent for education or further as sistance to old people or for roads As to the senatorial campaign the voters were most interested in thefailure of the republican can didate to attend senate agriculture committee meetings Mostpeople not realize he was absent so much until his record was ex posed by Al Loveland The foreignsituation created considerable interest There was general approval of the presidents foreign policy That attracted people to Al Loveland Letter Accuses Loveland Meanwhile Hickenlooper re leased a letter L Dieter ji iT lortner theitate PMA committee It I was fired from the state PMA committee when Loveland was state chairman because I refused to play their dirty politics Even then other members the state committee and fieldmen were playing public PMA meetings We were told to do so by Washington bureaucrats who came out from headquarters As for Loveland you can be sure hell do what Charley Bran nan U S secretary of agricul ture andhis Washington bosses tell him to do Dalai Lama Still Controls Lhasa New Delhi India IP India has been advisedthat Tibets 16 yearold ruler the Dalai Lama and his government of Buddhist priestsstill controlLhasa the Tibetan capital V This report Sunday from Indias representative in Lhasa Dr S S i n haj contradicted persistent rumors stemming fromTibetan traders that the boy ruler and his elderly Takta Kim Doche had fled ibefpre invading Chinese communist armies Dr Sinhas report of ficial sources who had felt that the swift collapse of the Tibetan government was imminent The tadian governmenthad told Dr Sinha India would give asylum to any legitimate refugees from Tibet r Of the mihtary situation the reportsaid only that communist troopswereregrouping for fur ther attacks after the capture of 2hamdo major caravan center 350 air miles east and north of Lhasa Weather Report Mason City Fair and cooler through Tuesday Low Monday High Tuesday 54 Iowa Faur and cooler Monday night i Tuesday partly cloudy and somewhat warmer west portion Low Monday night 25 north 35 south High Tues day45 torfO to 55 west Winds diminishing Monday night and variable Tuesday Further outlook Part ly cloudy and bebcvmnig cooler Wednesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy and colder Monday night Snow flur ries northeast and extreme north Slow clearing Tuesday Somewhat Hvarmer west portion Low Monday night 25 northwest 30 southeast High Tuesday 40 45 except 4550 southwest IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Nov 6 Maximum 61 Minimum 39 At 8 a m 40 UN Security Council Lake Success Unite States Monday called for a specia security council meeting Wednes day to consider the intervention o red China in the Korean war The meeting was requeste shortly after Gen Douglas Mac Arthur formally reported to th council that Chinese communis troops had crossed into Korea an were fighting UN troops U S Delegate Ernest A Gros said the delay in the council meet ing was to give the delegates chance for private consultation on the serious situation He sai the United States already had been carrying on private talks wit some delegates MacArthurs charges were made in a special report transmitted to the council by Chief U S Delegate Warren R Austin The report was discussed at closed meeting of the 7nation in erim committee on Korea shortlj after it was made public Acheson Truman in Close Touch Kansas Citr ff Presiden Truman had a long telephone con erence Monday with Secretary o State Acheson on the worsening situation in Korea Associates unquotable by name said Mr Truman was deeply con cerned over the movement of Chi nese communist troops into North Korea from Manchuria Officially however the presi dent maintained silence on this development as well as General Douglas Mac Arthurs communique which denounced it as one of the most off ensive acts of lawlessness n history Presidential Secretary Charles j Ross said that Mr Truman had been filled in on the whole situ ation in his talk with Secretary Acheson V 8W Foothold Shrinks Saicon IF Frances footholc n north Indochina continued to shrink Monday as the French an nounced abandonment of the de ense systemin the foothills re gion on 3sides of Hanoi the northern capital Pressed in a giant vise turned jy Ho Chi minhs communistleq Vietminh forces the diminishing rench beachhead around Hanoi radually is being confined to the ensely populated Red river del a in which live 8000000 of North Vietnams 10000000 people French army headquarters said ts forces had withdrawn from Hunghoa a main post 40 miles northwest of Hanoi and from an ntire series of smaller fortified positions extending 30 miles south f Hunghoa Strike Causes Dliver Shutdown Charles City in an nnamed supplier plant Monday aused an assembly line shutdown t the Oliver Tractor plant here One hundredfifty men were idle Plant Manager G W Bird said perations may be resumed Tues ay and Wednesdaybut that afur iier shutdown is likely Thursday Iowa Candidates ist Expenditures Washington Each of jwas republican candidates for ic house has filsd a preliminary eport of campaign contributions nd expenditures Reports from all of their democratic opponents ad not been received by the ouse clerk by the weekend Rep HR Gross of Waterloo rd district reported contributions f and expenditures of is contributionsincluded rom the national republican con ressional campaign committee nd from the Communica on Workers ofAmerica north rest district Rep James 1 Dolliver Fort pdge 6th district reported con ributions of and eispen ditures Among con ributions he listed were rom the Dolliver forcongress ubi Fort Dodge and from le republican national congress mal campaign committee His rival Maurice OReilly of arnum democrat reported con ributions of and expendi ures of His contribu 6ns included from the dem ratic state central committee 250 from the national democratic ommiltee jointly fromG Krug and A A Anderson Fort lodge and from G W mith Russell BANK MISSES MORE Laurens amount miss ng after last Fridays burglary f the Laurens State bank has in reased to more than with checking of blastedopen y deposit boxes 3rd War Hinges on China MacArthur Spokesmen aTTiff I KOKfA AP Wlrephoto BATTLEFRONT Gen MacArthur ac cused reds of concentrating reinforcements in Manchuria the gravest communist threat to the UN battle line brok en line in Korea was developing at Anju large white ar In north central Korea Chinese reds have stalled marines in a thrust on Changjin reservoir In northeast U S troops moved beyond Pungsan within 24 miles of the Manchurian border Further east South Koreans drove north of Kilchu Black arrows denote the approximate reds Sheffield Man Dies After 2Car Crash Axel F Swanson 73 route 1 Sheffield died at Mercyhospital Sunday night of injuries he re ceived in a twocar collision two miles northeastof Sheffield Sun day afternoon A deputy sheriff said the Swan son vehicle collided with a car driven by Herman 54 route 1 Sheffield on the crest of a hill on a gravel road in front of he Charles Stock farm Twooth ers were injured Mrs Swanson taken to WCercy reported o be in fair condition Monday morning Mrs Eichmeier was tak en to a Hampton hospital where her condition was describedas not criticalby hospital attendants She suffered 5 fractured ribs se ere head lacerations and cuts on ier hands Eichmeier and1 his daughter Pa ricia were not injured Both cars were badly damaged lear Lake Accident Sends 2 to Hospital Two persons werehospitalized from injuries received5 in a car accident Sunday afternoon outhwest of Clear Lake Driver ofthe autoJames P Breslin 3 Clear Lake lost control of it as he crossed arough inter action on a gravel road a deputy heriff saidl Breslin and a passenger Mrs frank Wilder Clear Lake were akeii to Mercy hospital tp be reated for cute and bruises Their ondition was reported as good Monday morning Another passenger S tew art Wilder Clear Lake was unin ured The car rolled over sey ral times and ended up on its ide It was badly damaged UNINJURED IN CRASH A Nora Springs car was dam ged considerably Saturday night vhen the driver lost control of it n a gravel road southwest of Rock alls The driver Marcel Seidel fora Springs his wife and child vere uninjured as the car rolled ver into the ditch and on to its ide SAME BlMk fUf IHIIK la U tram 5 Injured in Car Collision North of Kake Charles Besendorf 48 of Frost Minn was in critical condition with a skull fracture and chest injuries in the Naeve hospital at Albert Lea Minn and 4 others were less seriously hurl in an automobile collision in Fari bault county Minn 5 miles north of Rake The accident occurred at an intersection with the Bricelyn highway at pm Sunday Raymond Peterson of Rake was driving north with Ruth Espeland of Rake whom he was taking back to her employment at Albert Lea when the collision a car driven by Charles Besendorf who was going east Peterson and Miss Espeland were itaken to a hospital at Blue Earth Minn where the former was treated for facial cuts arid shock Miss Espeland was released after treatment Mr Besendorf and 11 year old son Phillip suffered minor in juries and shock Treated for Injuries After 2Car Smashup Two persons were treated at a Mason City hospital for they received in a 2car smashup on 12th N E near the Ideal Sand and Gravel plant Saturday eve ning They are Robert D Roderick Winnebago Heights and Carl Niles route2 who were both re leased after treatment A deputy sheriff said the car driven by Roderick collided with one driven by Pat Cahalan 828 9th NE on a corner Both cars vere badly damaged Niles was a sassenger in the Roderick car Miles and Roderick are being held n county jail No charges have yet been filed Larson to Study Democratic Ad DCSMoines Gen eral Robert L Larson said Mon day he plansto takea look at a democratic campaign advertise nent and then study the Iowa laws to see if there has been any vio ation Robert K Goodwin republican tate chairman asked Larson last Saturday to investigate an adver isementpromoting the senatorial candidacy of Albert L Loveland lemocrat The ad listed the alleged record if attendance at senate agricul ure committee meetings by Love ands republican opponent Sen ator Bourke B Hickenlooper I want to see the attorney ieneral said whether the adver ising is allegedly illegal or merely poor sportsmanship Believe 6 Chinese Divisions in Action By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS General MacArthur notified the United Nations security council Monday that Chinese reds are fighting in Korea The United Nations forces are meeting a new MacArthur said in a special report transmitted at Lake Suc cess by the Chief U S delegate Warren R Austin The United Nations are presently m hostile contact with Chinese communist military units the report said It gave a detailed account of specific Chinese red units which have been identified In an extraordinary communi que issued only a few hours ear lier MacArthur referred only to alien communist forces and branded their intervention in Ko rea as one of the most offensive acts of international lawlessness in history Great Concentration The UN commanders communi que said a great concentration of communist divisions was massed in Manchuria He1 called this threat a matter of the gravest in ternational Sources close to him spoke even more ominously They said the start of a 3rdWorld war may hinge on red Chinas reaction to Mac Arthursaccusation V Communist China might not an swer MacArthur they said except by sending in more red divisions President Syngman Rhee of the republic of Korea said he believes Soviet Russia ordered the Chinese seoifii council to act No Comment In Kansas City a spokesman said Sunday that President Tru man had no comment World capitals viewed the tensi situation with mounting concern Fiftythree noncommunist na tions are sponsors of the UNs Is armed peace enforcement action waged against North Koreans who nvaded the republic June 25 A number of these countries have supplied troops air units and warships for the Korean action Theoretically red Korea has ought alone Actually her troops vere armed with vast amounts o lussian weapons Russianmade planes have fought allied air pow r And the red Chinese fighting n Korea already have been estim ated at between 3 and 6 divisions Their appearance last week drove back the plunging rush of allied forces toward the Man churian border One South Ko regiment already had eached the boundary An Ameri an column then was vithin a lew miles of Manchuria But allied troops in the north vest Monday were waging a grim defensive fight on the Chongchon iver line less than50 miles from he old Red Korean capital of yongyang This represented a retreat of 50 miles or more in the face of heavy ommunist attacks Bomb Manchuria Russell Brines Associated Press okyo bureau chief said Mac Arthur in his unusual signed conv munique plainly was asking Unit id Nations authority to bomb airfields supply bases and communications MacArthur said theiinflux of new communist troopsfailed in he apparent attempt to trap and lestroy the UN army The South Korean 7th regi ment once on the Manchurian order was just beginning to fil er back into the new allied Jines he U S 24th division Which had truck within 15 miles of the prthwest Korea bordercity of inuiju was pulled back safely American troops in northwest Corea Monday afternoon recov red a halfmile of ground lost to morning communist attack and ought bitterlyfor no gain hi the ortheast against an enemy newly dentified by General MacArthur s Chinese reds Recover Some Territory Elements of two U S divisions olding the bridgehead area north fthe Chongchon river near Ko eas west coast recovered the ter itory lost to the reds 6 miles north f Anju Five Russianmade Yak fighter lanes ineffectively strafed part of ic South Korean 6th division on hat front near Kunu late Monday In the northeast U S marines eat back a bitter Chinese coun erattack in slashing handto and combat Monday just south f the Changjin power reservoir he marine drive towards that am failed to gain ground for the th consecutive day U S 10th orps headquarters announced CHINESE rCO GenerariJn of themost succesifcl comman ders in the commtinlct VJetory over the Chinese nationalists now commands in estimated 600000 red troops in Manchuria and north China These troops could be used tr support Chinese communists now fightinr in Hampton Posse Seeks Panther Seen at Large group of some 25 men ledby Sheriff Lee M JLemkft of Franklin county searched for 4 lours for a panther which was re jorted seen on the E arm 14 miles west ol Hampton ia Scott township Sunday The panther a fierce animal was seen Joping Through a ornf leld by a parry of motorists m their way from Clarion1 to Hampton at 10 a m and they re Orted to officers A posse was formed by ff Deputy Ralph Jones and Frank Davis highway patrolman also armers from the neighborhood nd men from Latimer and they earched from 11 a m to 3p m Assisting in the search was an irplane piloted by Larry Mc frcker of Hampton who was oined later by other flyers The posse succeededin locating racks made by the animal but no ne got sightof him Jurton B Bagley n Serious Condition After Heart Attack BurtonB 610V Fed ral was reported stillin serious ondition in Northwestern hosi ital atMinneapolis Monday foi owing a heart Saturday f He suffered the iately after the lowaMinnesola qotball game and was taken to he hospital where his condition vas reported as very rlonday he was reported slight v improved His mother MrsW G C Bag y and sister MissMargaret Bag y and his soninlaw and daugh ter Mr and Mrs R F Kunz Jr left Saturday night forMinheapo He Us Opening of Polls Slated for 7 a m Des Moines will open at 7 a m Tuesday in the 25 Iowa cities which require voter fefijw tration In all the remaining of Iowas 2477 precincts tht polls open at 8 a m Theclocinf at polling places in all 2477 pntincts is 8p m ;