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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP OF AND ARCHIVES MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press United ftess FuU leased Wires Five Ceals a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 6 1944 This P One Marts Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Miaan City Sunday p i WOI Ames Monday p m KH5IO Htnnlblt TUMday B 1 WSLI low Cily Wednudu V15 ti i KSCJ Sfoui Cllr P K1CD Spencer Friday p m The Siege of the Robot Bombs SINCE my return from 2 months in the European theater of war no one question has been put to me quite so often as this one about those robot bombs It happens to be one subject on which I have first hand informa tion because during my 5 weeks in England I hoard felt or saw well over a hundred of the fiend ish contraptions THEYRE NO FUN On the night near the end of September when I went 100 feet below the Thames to a fire department control center the total of buzz bombs which had fallen on Greater London stood at 2299 On a great map each them was represented by a flatheaded pin which showed the date and the place of the landing Approximately 8000 had been launched from the PasdeCalais region in northwestern France across he English channel at its narrowest point In other words a little more than 25 per cent of the robots had got through the 3way defense set up by the Ene lish and landed in their target area which of course was don WITH the capture ol that Pas deCalais area by the allies it was assumed that the robot bomb menace had been elim inated Plans were laid for turn ing on the lights in London and elsewhere in the British Isles alt er almost years of nightly blackouts That was on the night of Sunday Sept 17 I remember it well because I went down to Piccadilly Circus to watch the phenomenon But the lights didnt go on that night They havent gone on since The explanation was that tech nical difficulties had been en countered But that wasnt the whole reason or indeed any considerablepart of The plain fact is that bombs are still dropping on southern Eng land Most of them are of the robot plane variety launched either from larger planes over the channel or from platforms in Holland or interior Germany At leasta few are of a different character and of a more devastat ing effect when and if they make a lucky hit The total of launch ings which in late September stood at 8000 has approached the 10000 mark by this time a long for abun good was considerable secrecy about the work oC the robot bombs The theory was that if the general public had full information also would Adolf Hitler Like the allies the Germans have an amaz ingly effective intelligence setup The overall picture however has now been told British au thorities have let it be known that some 20000 homes in London have been utterly destroyed by the buzzbombs as theyre usual ly referred to in England In ad dition a million homes have been damaged to some degree London is a city of approxi mately 8000000 population Its reasonable to assume that on the average 4 persons live in a home That means there are 2000000 homes in which 1000 a been dam aged to some exicnJ Thats no matter STALIN NAZIS NEAR DISASTER F Theres a rather common agree ment among Londoners that if the flybombs had come in com bination with theblitz bombs by blitz bombs I mean those dropped from just wouldnt be any London to day Yes they were serious enormously serious story of the defense against i the robot bombs is one of the most amazing sagas of this war It goes back to 1941 3 years ago when certain strange platform structures were spotted by Brit ish aerial reconnaissance and given proper attention by bomb ing planes But it wasnt until April of 1943 that reports of a tangible character about a long range bombardment weapon of novel type began reaching British in telligence The following month that was in May reconnais sance photographs showed a strange experimental Installation at Peenemunde on an island in the Baltic to the north of Ger many Intelligence officials were puz zled at first by the layout of the establishment The Peenemunde area photographed aftain and again and at heavy cost of men and planes One day on close examination of a photograph t was discovered that what at first appeared as a blurred speck was in fact a miniature airplane sit ting on a ramp fitted with rails This along with other informa tion led to the deduction that the Continued on Face Z Estimate 44000000 to Cast Votes Tuesday SURVEYS CLOSE CONTEST FOR PRESIDENT Wll I IlkUIVkll I Many Offices to Be Filled Flood of Nearly Over By J IV DAVIS Associated Press Staff Writer The flood can and orators roar out to America every 4 years is about over for this time and Tuesday the people will speak For 17 hours over the various time zones of the country an es timated 41000000 men and wo men some guesses run up to 50 000000 will decide finally whether they want Franklin D Roosevelt to be president for a 4th term or whether they want GOT Thomas E Deivey to take over the job The great is the bet ter man to speed victory and guide the peace Both the president who once was governor and the governor who would be ptesident are ex pected to confine their remain ing words largely to appeals for a big vote As the slambang campaign came to a close the rival party chairmen put forward the usual preelection claims of sweeping victory Repuhjican Herbert Brownell Jr said he wouldnt concede a single state outside the solid south Democrat Robert E Hannegan said Dewey would carry fewer states 10 than Wen dell Willkie did in 1940 But the poll takers frankly were throwing up their hands It was too close most of them agreed to make any flat predic tions And most agreed too that the republicans had good reasons for higher hopes at this stage than in any election year since 1928 Dewey disclosed at Albany that after his major campaigning was over he had almost lost his voice Election eve found the vice presidential nominees back home Republican Governor John Bricker at Columbus Ohio and Democratic Sen Harry 5 man at Independence Tru 4 Out of 5 Polls Show F R Is Slightly Ahead of Dewey on election eve ps 48 individual state surveys show 18 states with 165 electoral votes sure for Roosevelt and 10 states with 85 electoral votes sure for Dewey The remaining 20 states with 281 electoral votes are classed as pivotal states in which neither candidate leads by more than 3 per cent The Fortune Survey of Public Opinion gives President Roosevelt 535 per cent of the popular vote as compared to Deweys 464 per cent These figures were compiled from answers to attitude ques tions A secret ballot poll conducted by the survey gave the president 525 per cent and Dewey 475 per cent Emil Hurja associate publisher Pathfinder magazine and who has been Identified with repub lican political activity this year said a poll which he supervised in 28 counties in 15 states indi cated Deweys election by an elec toral vote of 384 to 167 with the New York governor getting 52 per cent of the popular vote Other polls wereunchanged from previous announcements The Crossley poll gave the presi dent 52 per cent of the major party vote A Newsweek maga zine survey listed 249 electoral votes for Roosevelt and 247 for Dewey Pennsylvania listed as undecided was not included The Crossley poll is the only one which attempts to estimate which way the service vote will go Actual sampling of political opinion in the armed forces is prohibited by law Gallup says that adding the pivotal states which show Roose velt with a slight edge to his 165 sure electoral votes gives him 292 electoral votes to 239 for Dewey on the same basis Deweys hope for victory lies in his ability to win 200 electoral votes in these 20 states Roosevelt could make a sweep in electoral votes by get ting only 1 per cent additional in 2 York and Illinois where Dewey leads by 1 per cent or less The winning candidate must get 2G6 ot the 531 electoral voles The soldier vote Gallup adds could make a difference of as much as one percentage point in a number of pivotal states on the 5050 line Throw Back Nazis Across Maas Along 50 Mile Front Spreading praise their run ning mates Bricker and Truman have campaigned farther and harder than the presidential nominees each leading a varied assortment of workers In the fight 16 convince the people that the election of his man is essential But as the voters over the country well know this isnt just a 2man election There are also 1114 candidates for governor senator and representative and the winners will figure import antly in peacemaking and ployment tasks The republicans stand their best i chance in 12 years of capturing the noiv closelydivided house in which all seats are up for voting on this year The 31 governorships to be filled Tuesday are held by 19 republi cans and 12 democrats Of the 35 seats at stake in the democratic dominated senate 22 are filled by democrats and 13 by republicans Monday the emphasis and the worrying of the politicians centers on the silent vote the people who keep their feelings to them selves as they enter the voting Place There are more than 130 000 of these places ranging from a lever decorated booth In the big city to a wooden box in a country school house The silent vote always a fac tor to disturb those who run for office is an unusually important matter IP a race as close as na tional polltakers figure this one to be Most of the pollers calcu lated their percentages and mar gins of error and shied awav from Hat predictions o be weighed In clude the service estimated at 3462000 and not to be counted in some instances for weeks In Pennsylvania for example 35 electoral votes could hinge on the service vote count Nov 22 And still another is the esti mate that as many as 60 per cent of the total vote will be cast by women a record percentage if borne out How will the soldiers vote That may never be known as there is no general arrangement for count ing the service votes separatelv And how about the women Women leaders of both parties say that this election the first one in wartime in 80 years will find pockets British officers declared the German 15th army had been half destroyed in the fierce west Holland offensive that began 2 weeks ago As the British and Canadian armies drew up to the water bar rier 16 miles south of Rotterdam on a potential new assault line the British estimated that 65000 Germans had been killed cap tured and wounded while beinc driven northward from 25 to 15 miles Declaring Field Marshal Waither von Models loth army had suf fered a serious setback British army spokesmen said British and Canadian troops had bagged 25 000 prisoners in the drive that opened north of Antwerp on Oct 22 The campaign freed 1200 square miles ot Dutch territory and 570000 Already allied dredges and minesweepers were y f 35 alii ap clearing the west Schelde preach to Antwerp The allies hold all the south bank of the Maas from north of SHertogenbosch to the sea except for 2 small pockets each 4 miles along and 2 miles deep at the Moerdijk bridge and Willemstad rmv ferry 16 miles south of Rotterdam f y ed troops swarmed over Xholen island and the St Philips lana peninsula o the north which forms the southern bank of the mouth of the Maas Allied troops seized all of Wal cheren island except the small port of Veere on the north coast and the town of Middelburg in the center Von Model attempted to defend southwestern Holland and the sea gate to Antwerp with an army approximately 110000 the British said 4WAr explosive demolition bombs view from the green house cabin of another B29 n olmosa ln hls Red Infantry Tanks in Hungarian Capital London fighting raged in the suburbs of shelltorn Budapest Monday as heavy Rus sian infantry forces joined arm ored vanguards which had pene trated the defenses of the Hun garian capital from the north and sputhon the eat side of the Dan The Germans said they had re captured the east Prussian rail town of Goldap 19 miles inside the reich after surrounding the Place The Russians at midnight reported violent German counter attacks staved off there The enemy said also that a counterattack had started south of Budapest and that the Hungar ian capital was not yet under a major Russian assault The red army was declared regrouping and reinforcing for the final attempt The German radio announced early Monday that soviet tanks crashed into the southern metro politan limits only 2 miles from Of the 25000 prisoners 13000 the heart of the city while were taken in Inc uucimi the Schcldc and 8000 Schelde islands The 2 pockets at Moerdik and I thc northern suburbs through j Bucharest broadcast said other red the army units racing around the I eastern edge of the capital stormed man route became more complete many of them voting primarily according to their feeling about ending the w a r with a lasting peace For that matter this is the doublebarrelled issue which has dominated the whole campaign President Roosevelt and the democrats contend that his ex perience m 12 years as president and his associations with leaders m other nations are guarantees of ending the war without un necessary delay Further they say the record of republicans in the senate and house indicate an ability to recognize international threats as well as international obligations to keep the peace Governor Dewey and ihe re publicans say that the military men in the piaces of command would be left undisturbed by a republican victory that the Roosevelt administration is too tired and quarrelsome for effec tive work and that maintenance of peace is a job for all not for a few men Treated hardly less frequently has been the question of the part the CIO political action commit tee has played Backing the Roosevelt 4th term drive this group headed by Sid ney Hillman has worked hard to get out a big vote Dewey has said that President Roosevelt put the democratic party on the auc tion block and that the highest bidders were the PAC and Earl Browders communists Such arguments brought flat democratic denials also the con tention that the republicans arc trying to work both sides of the street with charges also that the Roosevelt hold on the presidency leans toward monarchy Willemstad were believed to hold no more than 2000 or 3000 troops There is no doubt Von Models army has been greatly depleted a British army spokesman said or that hes been mauled into serious defeat His divisions have been cut to almost a quarter of their strength To the east the American 1st army kept up its hard pressure from Hurtgen to Schmidt Al though gains in the past 36 hours Ujpest At tne same time red army troops threatened to gain a bridge head across the eastern fork of the Danube just south OL Budapest and cross on to narrow Csepel Island which divides the river into 2 arms for 30 miles southward The citys German and Hungar ian defenders were being captured at the rate of 1000 a day in the powerful Russian encirclement Moscow announced Hungarian re were measured in mere yards the Iorls quoted by Bucharest indi potential menace tied down hastily mustered German reserves and dipped deeply into the dwindling German supply of tanks In probinsr attacks allied infan cated the bulk of the nazi forces already were flecinj to the west ern part Buda of the Damibc straddlinK capital The Danube bridgehead pre 1 j t iv Wl U1LJ to and tanks kept pushing the sumably shaping up in the vicinity enemy all atons the front scorof the captured town of Taksony ing gams acainsl stiff resistance 7 miles south of ihe capital ap around Meuel in eastern Hollandpearnrl southeast of Aachen above Metz and in the Vosges mountains In the Hurtgen forest area southeast of Aachen where Yank infantry has made the deepest penetration inside Germany American troops who were thrown out of Schmidt by an en emy counterattackX mopped up German units in the woods a mile west of that town and scored minor gains elsewhere Fighterbombers blasted Ger man tanks and infantry near Schmidt in support of the Ameri can attack which was hindered by extensive minefields south the town of Hurtgen and ran into strong tank infantry and artillery fire near Konnerscheidt There was no allied confirma tion of the German radio an nouncement broadcast Sunday and repeated Monday that the al lies have landed airborne units again in the Arnhem area But Marshal Montgomerys men now hold the line of the Maas in west ern Holland except for 2 small pockets at Moerdijk and Willem slad Both were about 4 miles wide and 2 miles deep DESTROYED BY FIRE Portland Ore 2alarm fire destroyed the administration building at Kaisers Oregon Ship building Corp early Monday be fore being brought under control The fire started in the cafeteria essential for decisive ex ploitation of the successful red army sweep across the marshy plains between the Tisza and the Danube during the past week The Danube represented a formidable defense for nazi flanks on either side of the capital and Russian en gineers were rushed up to pre pare for its crossing Lists Promotions of North Iowa Soldiers FightRages in Budapest Suburbs NAZIS DECLARE GOLDAP RETAKEN Polls to Open at 7 Oclock in Mason City With political campaigns draw ing to a close both locally and na tionally voters in Cerro Gordo and other North Iowa counties prepared to go to the polls in great numbers in the general election Tuesday Indications are that the total vote in the county may come close tft that of 1940 when 20563 votes were cast in Cerro Gordo county for Presidnl Roosevelt andWen dell Willkie Something over 1000 ballots from men in the armed services is expected At noon Monday 995 had been returned of 1393 mailed to service men Polls open at 8 oclock in the morning in all precincts in the county except in Mason City Where polls open at 7 a m All polls close at 8 p m Voters able to do so are asked by County Auditor Arthur Harris to vote early in order to avoid a crush at the voting machines later in the day Highlights By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Facts and figures on Tuesdays elections Polls Opening and closing ranges from 5 a m to 10 p m Central War Time or a total of 17 hours Latest closing time in east New York 9 p m on west 4oast 8 p m their time Total range up to 50000000 with state officials predicting between 44000000 and 45000000 Total service by state officials at 3462000 Women at 60 per cent of total Total voting ol 130000 Candidates for Candidates for vice Candidates for 31 governor Candidates for 35 senate 10G Candidates for 432 house seats Note There are 32 governor ships and 434 house seats at stake this year but Maine elected a republican governor and 3 repub lican representatives in Septem ber 6 SERVICE VOTE IN IOWA IS 40000 Candidates to Make Final Campaign Talks Des Sloines EO per cent of the ballots sent to lowans in service have been re turned for Tuesdays general elec tion a sampling survey of county auditors offices showed Monday The survey bore out previous newspaper estimates that approxi mately 40000 soldier votes would becsst in the state Ray Johnson deputy secretary of state esti mated 65000 ballots had been sen out and 60 per cent of that would be 39000 The auditors reports covered the ballots returned through Sat urday and more were cxpectec Monday the last day they can be received to be counted Meanwhile candidates for the major Iowa offices were recheck ing their final campaign speeches for Monday afternoon and eve ning Gov B B Hickenlooper re publican senatorial nominee will deliver a radio address from WMT Cedar Rapids at His demo cratic rival Senator Guy M Gil lette was to speak from WHO Des Moines nt p m Robert D Blue GO P guber natorial nominee will make a radio speech from WHO at oclock and the democratic nomir nee Richard F Mitchell wil speak over the same station at p m Hickenlooper Is following his custom by finishinsr his campaign in his home city He always goes there election eve He will be hon ored at a reception following his speech The other candidates will return home Monday night to vote Tues day and await the outcome STATES BIG 3 HAVE PLANNED SECURE PEACE Invasion of France Enabled Reds to Drive Germans From Russia London is on ihe verge of CATASTROPHE Marshal Stalin declared Monday night in an address in which he said Russia the United States and Sveat Britain have made plans for a secure peace It is not enough to win the war but we must make any future war impossible the premier declared before a Moscow throng commem orating the 27th anniversary of the Russian revolution He hailed the invasion of France as the operation which enabled the red army to drive the Germans from Russian soil and declared that 120 German divisions had been DESTROYED during the year In a 52 minute review Stalin proclaimed The united nations face un doubted victory But a firm peace is not yet secured New wars must be made impossible The only way is to create a special organization of the united nations to preserve peace and se curity give it armed forces and make it responsible to apply them immediately to avert or suppress aggression This is not like the league of nations without resources or pow ers but will be a new armed or ganization to avert new wars It mil be effective if the great pow ers which bore the brunt of the war continue to work unanimous ly and in only so alliance Russia the United States ana Great Britain i YOUTH CHOIR FORMED Collins youth choir or ganized in an effort to give Collitib youth something constructive to do on Sunday nights has increased in size from 50 to 65 since its for mation 2 months ago and has pre sented concerts in neighboring towns under the direction of R A Long superintendent of Collins schools Stalin North infflon Promotions Iowa soldiers were nounced by the war department Monday as follows Edwin R Burt Esthervillc alid Robert F Wilkes Riccvillc from lieutenant to captain Lt Perry R Epley Waverly was ordered to active duty Germans Aggressively r Patrolling Allied Positions in Italy Dale Carnegie and Secretary Are Wed Tulsa Okta Carne gie who wrote How to Win Friends and Influence People and his secretary Dorothy Price Vanderpool formerly of Tulsa were married Sunday It was the 2nd marriage for each Buy your War Bonds and Rome Germans began aggressive palroling of allied po sitions in Italy Mondy and sev eral nazi planes attacked the 5th army sector below Bologna but allied headquarters said frontline positions were virtually un changed The weather cleared a bit after several weeks of heavy rains but mud and swollen streams still hampered operations Sunday the nazis brought 6bar reled mortars tanks backing withdrew under sharp allied ar tillery fire An allied communique disclosed that during the last 5 days allied warships bombarded the enemy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with oc 1 casionai light rain and slowly rising temperatures al above freezing Fresh winds Iowa Mostly cloudy through Tuesday with spotty light rains Rising temperatures through Tuesday Fresh winds Monday and Tuesday Minnesota Cloudy with ncvasion into action but up their troops I UCU CMC ClltJilJy Stamps from your GlobcGazclic positions near the FrancoItalian carrier bor b order vitally important for all said If It lias stood so for the stronger will ii be at thisfinal stage of the war The firm front of the allied nations has mode plans for a se cure peace Some people speak of discord There are differences of amazine thing is not that differences exist but how small they are and how well they are solved peacefully The red army now faces its FINAL task Stalin concluded together with our allies to com pletely defeat the Germans and raise the banner of victory over Berlin This will be fulfilled in the nemfuture He declared that Kussia had de stroyed 120 German divisions dimnfr the year and that oily German and nonGerman di visions stand asainst us At present Gcrmnn strength in the cast this indicated the de struction of 1200000 men leaving about 2040000 opposing the red army from the Arctic to the Bal kans Thirty German divisions are now cut from East Prussia in the Baltic states and are being hammered to smithereens Stalin said There is no doubt that without the 2nd front which pins down the i5 German divisions we could not drive the Germans out of the soviet union the premier added But without our pinning down 200 divisions our allies would not be able to drive the enemy from holding Italy France ami Belgium The task is to continue Germany between 2 fronts That is tlic key to victory Of the 204 divisions facing the red army Stalin said 180 were German and 24 Hungarian The red army was enabled to do its duty because of the support of our entire country Stalin said Our people this year have achieved great results in war army is sufficient ly supplied with food the war is ending the im portance of the soviet people be comes obvious They SAVED world civilization Turning to international affairs and the postwar world Stalin said When you read reports of di vergencies of views among the 3 al rain or drizzle and slowly great Dowers about postwar or rising temperatures Monday ganization remember that such night and Tuesday fresh winds differences always exist even in IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 43 Minimum Sunday nighl 33 At 8 a m Monday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 35 Precipitation 22 snow The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 40 Minimum Saturday night 27 At 8 a m Sunday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 31 the same party and obviously will exist between different countries If differences have occurred as for example af Dumbarton Oaks we must not complain but we must be glad they were so few Dozens of points were solved in complete agreement Therefore I think that Dum barton Oaks is an indication that peaceful solution is possible There were differences among the allies about the second front but as everybody knows they fi nally were solved in a spirit of complete agreement The premier received a tremen dous ovation as he addressed a Moscow celebration marking the ;