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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 06, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTMENT Of H I Y ARCHIVES E 5 MO I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX IATED PRESS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 6 1942 TUTS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 24 ALLIES NEARING MATRUH V A MakeJJeep Tank Thrusts Pocket Units Then Pursue Again IBHl M MI STALIN MUST OPEN SECOND FRONT SAYS MOVE IS ESSENTIAL FOR UNITED NATIONS Blames Lack of Front for Nazi Summer Gains Reds Power Stressed BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MOSCOW Joseph Stalia gravely tolcl Russias allies Friday night that failure to open u second front would result in catastrophe for them and at the same time as sured his people that there would be such an allied offensive soon er or later He said that because of the lack of a second front the Germans had been able to break through the Russian lines last summer for their 300mile eastward and sou theastward drives wh i e li have carried them to the banks of the Volga into Stalingrad and deep into the Caucasus I think no other army or country could STALIN stand up lo sucWan onslaught he said Then answering the question Will there be a second he said Yes there will be one sooner or later because it is no less es sential for our allies than W The soviet premier told a spe cial meeting of the Moscow soviet to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the boishevist rev never before had Russia been as strong nnd well oreanized on the home front The breakthrough in tlie west he said came after the red army had routed the Germans on the approaches to Moscow last winter attacked and seized the offensive Returning a second time to men tion of the second front in Europe he said the Germans were enab led to fight without risk to them Bag 46 Jap Planes If all allied airmen had records equal to those of the three U S marine corps pilots pictured above the axis air forces would be a very negative quantitj This trio has shot down 46 Jap planes from the skies over the Solomons and each of them has received the navy cross Pictured on Guadalcanal island are left to right Maj John Smith Hubbard Ore 19 planes Maj Robert D Galer Seattle 11 planes and Capt Marion E Carl Dexington Okla 16 planes Official U S marine corps photo Strafe Nazis Same Way as French Civilians Were Hit with France fallen the absence of a second front can mean catas trophe for them Red banners revolutionary slo gans portraits members of the communist partys political bureau and all other traditional decora tions were up for the holiday marking the revolutions anniver sary Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt Walt Disney and Donald Nelson were among Americans who sent greet ings the soviet radio said A selves Stalin asserted that the Rus sians recently had ivon posses sion of a German document showing that the nazi where to take Slalinirrai last July 25 tiien Saratov Aujr n Kuibyshev Sept IS and Baku Sept 29 The main aim of the offensive was to finish the war this year by taking Moscow Stalin added Hned States were sent by way of In their hunt for oil and foi Moscow the Gorman strategists have got into difficulties he said Their summer plans appear to have failed The main reason of Gorman success this year i the absence ot a second front Stalin said If there has been a second front in Europe drawing away GO German divisions as during the first World war the position or the German armies today would be bad indeed The Germans aim in the southwestern drive was to di vert the main soviet reserves in order o attack Moscow from the south Stalin said He the year had sliown that the German army has its weaknesses The Germans he added are not strong enough to attack the southwest and north at the same time like last summer but are still strong enough to launch a serious attack in one direction Russias task grave es pecially in transport Stalin said out the U S S R has been able to build new factories and supply the red army accurately and hon estly with tanks planes and guns and to furnish it with food As a result he said there has been an increase in the sense of duty and the discipline of the Rus sian people Replying to the rhetorical question will there be a second front Stalin gave this an sivcr Yes there will be one sooner or later because it is no less es sential for our allies lhan for us Our allies must understand that broadcaster quoted Mrs Roosevelt as follows Everyone is watching ire he roic Russian defense wilii deep admiration and hopes that the valipnt armies there will be uc cesifu and that eventually the forces of nil the united nations will 1 crush their common enemy Official congratulations from the Dinted States were sent by way Kuibyshev the soviet unions sec ondary capital Another message of greeting from the British admiralty prom ised that the British fleet woud see that increasing supplies Kussia for the red armv reah PLEADS NOT GUILTY CEDAR RAPIDS v Chadd 32 was released on S3500 bond after pleading innocent to a manslaughter charge in connec tion with the auto collision Oct 22 in which Lieut John E Blickle 35 ot the coaching staff of the Iowa naval pretlight school was killed Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Friday after noon through Saturday fore noon lowest Friday night 20 in town and 16 in country Continued cold Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Not quite so cold Friday night northwest and west central portions contin ued cold Saturday forenoon oc casional light snow northwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 42 Min Thursday night Ifi At 8 a m Friday 17 YEAR AGO Maximum an Minimum 22 Precipitation Trace Axis Troops Leap From Vehicles and Make Wild Dash for Cover By GEORGE PALMER WITH THE RAF NORTH AFRICAN FRONT airmen are subjecting Marshal Erwm Rommels fleeing troops to the same bombing and machine gunning tactics the Germans used against fleeing civilians on the roads of France early in the war and they are doing it without op position from nazi aircraft A flight in one of the me dium bombers participating in the onslaught against the stum bling disordered columns of axis forces demonstrated to me that our flyers are having a field day As ive zoomed over the battle zone I had a birds eye view of the desert confu sion The blue haze of the middle cast afternoon was punctuated by giant patches ot whitishblue smoke tossed up by distant gun bursts Below a cloud of thick dust swirled upward from Ion lines of axis vehicles slowly roll ing westward threading around bombmade pockmarks in the desert trail As we dived low the retreating ribbon seemed to burst and fray as men leaped from their vehicles and scurried tor cover Allied planes were visible on all sides of our fighterbomber and our pilot pointed upward and said We cant see them but out fighter pilots are up there too stooging around just in case a couple of Messerschmills might sneak up Laughingly he added But dont worry I doubt if any of them arc keen enough to fly to day with all that going down be low Just look at that Hock of bombers zipping along No sir theres not a jerry fighter up there now The 12day and night offen sive has paid big dividends and now the flyers arc complaining that good targets are becoming difficult to find You cant find a good target when theyre running alt direc tions like that pur pilot ex plained Those babies dont know whether theyre coming or go ing now but they sure are on the move1 F R Attitude to Congress Not Changed WASHINGTON Roosevelt told a press conference Friday in a brief discussion o Tuesdays election that he as iumccl congress was interested in vinning the war just as the presi dent was The chief executive was asked whether the outcome of the balloting would make any differ ence in his attitude toward con jress Why should it he asked add ing that he assumed COIIRTCSS also wanted to win Ihe war His questioner went on to re mark however that what he wanted to know was whether Mr Roosevelt would confer now with both republican ant demo cratic leaders about legislative procedure He replied that he had been doing that To a question as to how he would account for the election re sults which all but took awav the democratic majority in the house and cut inlo the partys sen ate majority Mr Roosevelt gave a cryptic answer He said he had had a very pleas ant surprise On Tuesday morn ing he said he went to vote at Hyde Park N Y and he was perfectly delighted to lind the polling placLwas open Some of those present thought he issued that remark as a com mentary on the fact democratic elective processes still operated in America SEES EGYPT AS MAJOR VrCTORV Prcsident Roosevelt analyzed the allied campaign in North Af rica Friday as having the appear ance of a victory of major pro portions Will Raise Coffee Ration If Shipping Facilities Improve WASHINGTON Donald M Kelson told the inter American coffee board that the war production board would con sider raising or eliminating the coffee ration if shipping facilities so improve that supplies are for provide more shipping coffee and that shipments of cof fee would continue to be author ized in as great volume as cargo pace permits Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazctic carrier boy Desert German General Killed REPORT HITLER TRIES TO RUSH AID TO ROMMEL Ankara Sources Say Appeal Even Made to Japanese by Nazis By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor Britains triumphant war ar mies were reported battling axis rearguards Friday well beyond El Daba 33 miles west of El Ala mein while dispatches from Greece said Adolf Hitler had sent a fleet of 500 planes lo rush fresh troops across the Mediterranean in an attempt to avert utter dis aster Fastmoving Britisli armored forces were said to have ad vanced 60 miles since breaking through the enemys defenses on the El Alamein front 80 miles west of Alexandria Frontline dispatches indicated that the struggle was now rapidly degenerating into a race across the desert with the British in hot pursuit of the beaten axis col umns Dispatches reaching Ankara Turkey from Greece said Hitler was desperately altempting to bolster Rommels shattered forces with troops hurriedly shifted from the Russian front via trans port planes across the Mediter ranean to North Africa These reports said four train loads of German soliderfrom Ihe eastern front passed through Ath ens on Monday and transport planes had been shuttling them across the sea since Tuesday Informed Japanese quarters In Ankara said Hitler realizing his armies In Egypt were in peril had even appealed to To kio for help in the form of a Japanese naval attack on Mada gascar or South Africa which might force Ihc British to di vert strength southward if Tokio turned down Hitlers ap peal it was said explaining that Japan lacked the necessary naval strength because of punishment inflicted by tha U S fleet in the Pacific in recent months Meanwhile the German radio for the third successive day broadcast reports of a great allied across the narrow strait from the Tangier international zone and nearby French Morocco Intimating liiat tie allies were planning a smash at Rommels rear the German broadcast sad a total of 125 British warships was concentrated at Gibraltar and that 3 new convoy of 14 allied mer cnant ships reached the port Wcdiiosdav Viclw Nazis Big Allied Convoy Starting Out BULLETIN LONDON reported Friday that a large allied con voy accompanied by several aircraft carriers and other warships left Gibraltar and sailed into the Mediterranean Thursday night It appears Ihe British are repeating their at tempts to supply Malta in grand style agency said Bv EDWARD BEATT1E LONDON invasion fears Friday appeared to be reaching an acute stage spurred by reports of a huge concentration of naval strength transports and planes at Gibraltar and the grow ing magnitude o the British vic tory in Egypt if A Stockholm report from Ma drid said hat vast quantities of tanks and planes have been massed at Gibraltar presuma bly for the intention of open ing a second front iu Europe ivitli Gibraltar as flic base The German radio circulated anxious reports that seven more British destroyers have steamed into Gibraltar bringing the total allied naval strength at the west ern Mediterranean base lo ships including the battleship Rodney three aircraft carriers seven cruisers 33 destroyers ami large numbers of auxiliaries and transports The radiostations of Berlin Rome and Vichy were circulating almost hourly reports and rumors of possible allied moves at the western end of the Mediterranean or northwest Africa obviously with a view to drawing out Lon don on any plans for offensive action These reports cited both Casa blanca in French Morocco and Dakar the great west African base both In control of Vichy France as danger spots for a pos sible AngloAmerican drive Kadio Rome went so far as lo speculate on the possible inva sion of Italy when and if the axis is completely cleared out of Africa X Axis fears that an allied blow may strike at any moment far be hind Marshal Rommels battle lines in the desert were not lessened by the increasing scope of the British victory Advices from Egypt Friday left no doubt that Rommel was striv ing desperately to save the rem nants of the force of some 130000 to HOOOO men which he had con centrated on the Alamein front May Seal Rommel Fate Before Survivors Can Reach Libyan Border By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS fast armored divisions of the British eighth army led by Lieut Gen Bernard L Montgomery have driven two wedges through Marshal Rommels forces and arc fighting inside enemy positions The axis high command conceded that the allied offen sive was JMatruh 101 miles west of the old El Alamein battle line but the British said officially onlv that the battle had been carried well west El Daba 30 miles from El Alamein Tanks were operatiiifr at the heels of I lie axis retreat in the El Daba sector a British communique said Portions of Rommels armies uhih managed to escape the tank 1 wedging and encirclement were said by Montgomery to be in lull Battlefield By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The British eighth armys new drive for north Africa started the night of Oct 23 from the El Alamein 40milclong front extending from the Medi terranean coast 12 miles west of El Alamein to the Qattara Depres sion There Rommels deepest penetration into Egypt had taken him to El Alamein station rough ly CO miles air line short of Alexandria Axis accounts of fighting Fri day between Fuka and Matruh concede the British an advance of between 02 and 104 miles ivcst of El Alamein The EgyptianLibyan border is 130 miles air line west of Matruh El Asheila hiyhwatcr mark uf Britains Previously Fr Gen Georjr von Sliimme second in command to German Field Marshal Rommel has been killed in action in Egypt in the British offensive according to a Cairo communi que i i uuiii i broadcast declared that transport carrying large contingents of American troopwere anchored in Gibraltar harbor Tiicse re ports all lacked confirmation from untied nations headquarters WLB Proposes Peoria Railroad Should Stay in Control of ODT To ledo Peoria Western railroad taken over March 21 by the of fice of defense transportation at the order of President Roosevelt should remain in ODTs hand the war labor board recom mended The WLB said it made the rec ommendation because the small line refused to comply with a board order on wages and work ing conditions George P McNear president of about 104 men informed WLB that he could not comply with the boards wage order which was designed to settle a labor dis pute it was announced As an alternative measure suggested that the line could be managed by someone other lhan the owner Rose Bowl Game to Be at Pasadena PASADENA Cal The Rose bowl football game trans ferred to the east coast last year when California wen en sn al oul war footing will return to Pasadena next Nrew Years day an unimpeachable source said Friday The Associated Press learned that the formal application has not yet been sent to the western defense command but that it would be apnroved when it is re ceived vctrcat This ijccp lank thrusts encirclement and ham mering that the fate of the GermanItalian North African corps might well be scaled before Ihc surviving portions coulil retreat across the Egyptian Libyan border some 150 miles farther west Y if The steady IkmJdatioi of Rom mel s forces was recorded Friday in the official disclosure that his losses by capture alone now total more than 13000 men and that at least saa of his tanks have been knocked out The full measure of Rommo defeat was indicated in British v communique which to of a 104142 winter drive I roundup of large numbers if half way across Libya is 375 1alians afoot apparemlv abai miles air line west of the Eyyp tinnLibyan border Based on Ihe experi vions fighting in th desert war the most favorable places where Rommel might at tempt to regroup tor a new stand arc Halfaya Hcllfire pass and the SalumBardiii area on Egyp tianLibyan frontier Touruk jreat siege port 60 miles inside Libya and Bengasi miles air line across the hump of Lirciuiica west ot Tohruk doned in their inland positions iviiilc Ihe Germans on wheels cv of prei trac1s lliccl to save the seesaw along the rnrirl Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Report Von Thoma Said Situation of Axis Is Critical CAIRO Killer von Thoma Field Marhi Unnimers second in command who was captured ty the British was re ported Friday to have had din ner with licut Oni Is I Mont Eomcry and commented that the situation is critical for Ger man and Italian troops retreat ins west in Ecypl The captured KCiicral and llonlsomery dis cussed the campaign sketching batdcliiies on the tablecloth FLYNN ORDERED TO STAND TRIAL LOS AXGELFS rro Flynn was held for superior court eror cour en ontgom trial at the conclusion of his pici commander of the ar liminary hear FUR Friday on confidently proclaimed a comp coastal road The axis high commands still led the British in progress reports on the allied offensive The broad cast communiques from Home anil Berlin placed the area of violent combat between Fuka and Matruh and HM miles west of the original E Alamein line if The new PrHish figures on lanks destroyed and prisoners taken incorporated the latest figures 4000 more men and at least 79 more tanks Ami still the roundup went on in the desert and the relentless attacks nil Rommels rearguards con liniicd coislil roarf paced by a rniiliiiuuus aerial offensive which dwarfed the axis air efforts V fMlicl pressure of the axis Mediterranean supply line was emphasized by the London admir altys report lijat six more axis vessels had been sunk and two damaged by British submarines I Announcement of the new allied successes indicated that the vic torious eighth army had round nut an advance of CO miles since breaking through the enemys po itiins near El Alamein and dis patches I mm the front sugcted thai Ihe bailie of Xorlh Africa vapidly was legcncratiiig into a rate across iudesert Rum mcix forces trying riopcralclv in escape utter destruction Lieut Gen U I Montgomery my in Egypt and declared that his Y LIBYA British forces B are chasing the Germans near Matruh as indicated on the ;