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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 06, 1941

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1941, Mason City, Iowa sWfe NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOLv XLVIII THI NEWSPAKRTHAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS PBESS AND UNITED PRXSS rUli FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 6 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TOO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 24 STALIN ASKS SECOND EUROPE FRONT Report Hitler Boast Exploded as Reds Crack German Lines RUSS RESERVES SLASHTHROUGH HITLER FORCES Soviets Sa Nazis Retreating From Donets River Basin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers boast that German victory would attend the drive oh Moscow in the great decisive battle of this has been exploded by tenacious soviet resistance informed London quarters saicLThursday declaring that the fuehrer has now aban doned hope of capturing either Moscow or Leningrad this winter Oh the fighting front masses of Russian reserves were reported to have brok en through nazi siege lines before the VS S R cap ital while on the southern front soviet dis patches said the Germans were retreating from a corpsestrewn zone of the Donets river basin Informed quarters in Lon don said the German air force was most of its planesfrom the Moscow Leningrad and far north to carry fcri a defensive winter campaign Meanwhile a broadcast from Hsmking capital of Japanesedominated Manchu kuo reported that the 18th Chinese communist fiek army had promised 100000 Chinese troops to aid Russia against Germany and thai they were about to be trans ported westward Tass the official Russian news agency said the Ger mans had fallen back with heavy losses at several points around Moscow There was no immediate in dication whether the Rus sians had launched a majoi counteroffensive but Tasb reported that red cavalry ant infantry had made aseries of at tacks and thatGerman forces a a point identified only as KH had been encircled On the left flank of the west ern Moscow front the red army is continuing to push the enemy back for the fourth day and continues to annihilate its rearguard without mercy Tass said In the Mozhaisk sector 57 mile west of Moscow Tass reportei Ihat a mass assault by nazi tank had been shattered byred artil lery lire Altogether the picture wa among the brightest yet painte ior Russias defense armies Even in the Crimea latest ad vices reachingLondon indicate that the Germans had made littl progress toward the great Ba sea naval base of Sevastopol sine last Sunday when they were ve ported only 20 miles away A British military observer went so far as to declare Sevas toDol might withstand siege in definitely reporting that the city of 80600 was defended by wellsupplied troops manning very strongly fortified posi tions He said the stronghold could be come another Odessa perhap with not the same ferring to the long defense of tli Ukraine mainland port again German and Rumanian s i e g armies Odessa finally surrendere in midOctober Adolf Hitlers field headquarte declared that pursuit of the bea en enemy was continuing alon the entire Crimean front and as serted that soviet resistance ha been broken in the mountains ea of Sevastopol Reiterating Wednesdays claim of a breakthrough to the Black sea the high command said Ger man and Rumanian troops de feated isolated red army units in the Yaila mountains and pashec through a broad fronl lo Ihe FDR Flays Misguided abor Chiefs WASHINGTON oosevelt declared Thursday that he American people had made an unlimited commitment that here shall be a free world and ailed on all free nations to plan or a sound social and economic order after the war The chief executive also as sailed a misguided industrialists and leadersof la placing personal ad vantage above Ihe welfare of the United States and for delay ing defense output by using their economic power to force acceptance of their demands rather than using established mediation machinery Addressing 250 delegates repre jnting 33 nations at the conduci ng session of the international abor office conference in the east com the white house the resident said The American people have made an unlimited commitment that there shall be a free world Against that commit ment no individual or group shall prevail Declaring that labor under the azi system had become the slave f the military state and that Berlin today was the principal lave market of the world Mr Roosevelt addeed The American worker has no llusions about the fate that awaits iim and his free labor organiza ions if Hitler JshpufaV win He rnpws that his owrijjiberfy and hevery safety of triepeople of he United States cannot be as ured in a world which is three ourths slave and onefourth free He knows that we must furnish arms to Britain Russia and China ind that we must do it day The president said the place of he whole western hemisphere in acertain scheme for world domi nation had been marked on the nazi timetable and the choice Americahad to make was be tween realism in terms of three shifts a day to produce necessary defense materials and the attitude of the blind and the deluded who think that business can be done with Hitler and that Ameri can armament output is satisfac tory tttempt to Kill uce Reported by Russ Radio I V coastal region between Yalta and Feodlsiya On the central front authorita tive London quarters said the 36 dayold German drive on Moscow was now verydefinitely held German newsreels from the ront significantly stressed the lazards and difficulties of assault ing the U S S R capital dis playing diagrams and pictures o Moscows fiveply outer defense barriers o Qame throwers lank traps ano oarbed wire a moat more lanK traps and barbed wire entangle ments and finally bunkers The governmentcontrolled Moscowradio said the Germans were fleeing from anunspecified Donets river battlefield leav ing behind them heaps of dead and many guns Much of the bitterest fighting in the 670 mileIong basin has centered about RostovOnDon gateway to the Caucasus oil fields A British broadcast said German armies driving into the central Do nets region were being held ui short of Coroshilovgrad 70 miles east of Germancaptured blam and almost due north of Rostov The soviet radio said the battl of Tula 100 miies south of Mos cow continued to rage but th enemy is not fighting with th same ardor as when he began th offensive There were indications that Siberiatrained red army re serves some 200000 of them now reported to be fighting on the Moscow front may have turned the tide in that allim portant struggle The Russians said German soldiers were again entrenching defensively and half burying tanks to use as pillboxes againsi soviet counter attacks The possibility of a winte campaign in the south with Cau casus oil as the stake occupie the attention of both German sources made no bonc about the economic value of th Caucasian oil fields not so muc for the booty that would fall Germany as for the blow Russ would suffer if she lost thret fourths of her petroleum outpu Uboats Reported Off Newfoundland GREENLAND REPORT UBOATS ATTACKED LONDON BOSTON NEWFOUNDLAND ATLANTIC OCEAN t Maxim Litvinov Is Named as Russian Envoy to U S Canadian ships were reported to have attacked nazi Uboats in Belle Isle Strait at the northern tip of Newfoundland Also located are sites of submarine attacks on the United btates destroyers Reuben James Greer and Kearny and the navy tanker Salinas Armed Vessels Traveling Singly to Replace Convoys Complete Turnabout in Strategy to Fight UBoats Is Discussed LONDON Ex change Telegraph agencys lis tening post Thursday heard Moscow radio report that Pre mier Benito Mussolini of Italy was slightly injured when two revolver sbofs were fired in an attempted assassination The Mos cow report said that the Ger man gestapo had been brought in to reinforce the fascist police as a result Competent quarters in Rome two days ago denied what were termed American reports that an attempt had been made on Mussolinis life The reports were described as fantastic and without BRUNNER TRIAL STARTS DEC 1 Jennie Brunner pleaded inno cent in district court here Thurs day to an indictment charging her with murder in connection with the shooting of her husband on Sept 30 Judge M H Kepler set Dec 1 as the dale for trial The judge also upheld tiie re quest of L R Boomhower attor ney for Mrs Brunner for a bill of particulars The judge ordered County Attorney M L Mason to provide a copy of the statement signed by Mrs Brunner before Mrs Elsie Ramsay deputy sheriff in which the shooting of Sam Brunner on the couples farm home near Mason City was re counted Mr Boomhower also was given permission to inspect the gun which will be submitted in the trial as the one which was usec in the shooting The county at torney further was ordered to fur nish the defense attorney with a list of the names of witnesses to be used by the state in the tria who will testify that they hearc Mrs Brimners recounting of the shooting and a brief statement o their proposed testimony on tha point WASHINGTON men ice of German submarine raids in he north Atlantic raised specula tion in naval circles Thursday hat a complete turnabout in strat egy subordinating the use of con Ioys might prove the eventual answer to the Uboat wolf pack echnic The central theory in the vari ous methods being explored was ihat mass submarine attacks ivould be rendered largely ineffec tive if armed merchantmen trav eled singly instead of being munched in convoys The discussions accompanied two fresh developments in the battle of the an nouncement that 17 American civilian technicians had been lost entente to England and the disclosure Ihat Uboats have been operating close to New foundland The latest American casualties were men who had enlisted in the British civilian technical corps for noncombatant duty abroad No lowans or Ncbraskans were named on the list of victims Their loss was made public Wednesday night by the British press service on behalf of the Royal Air Force delegation here The ship which carried the tech nicians is presumed to havr been sunk the British said and tele grams have been sent to the next of kin The name of the ship and the approximate date of the sinking were not disclosed Added to other recent casual ties in the armed services and merchant marine the new losses increased to 140 the known toil of American lives in the last three months Exponents of the singlevessel strategy lo outsmart Uboat packs said that its logical application called for a minimum use of con voys the routing of ships over a wide variety constantly chang ing sea lanes and giving them guns to fight attackers Tiiat it was said would free a large number of naval vessels to patrol the areas north and south west of the British Isles in search of submarines plying bctsveen European bases and theiiAtlantic hunting grounds If in addition the U S navy increased its effective patro range beyond Icelandic waters by developing bases on the British Isles the Germans might find their North Atlantic raids much less profitable The convoy system naval men say was developed to a high poin of perfection in 1917 and 1918 Its successful operation then as now depended on the submarines great risk in attacking a group o ships protected by destroyers The record of the V S Atlan tic fleet so far in the present war however is generally taken here as indicating that to some extent at least the sub marines of today no longer tak great risks Guided sensitive detection equipment and peratihg in groups with the aid I very efficient radio communi ation they attack under protec ion of night and avoid the dan crs of open encounter with EUL ace vessels by daylight Former Foreign Commissar Replaces Constantin Oumansky KUIBYSHEV Russia Josef Stalin designated Former Foreign Com missar Maxim Litvinov as Russias ambassador to the United States Thursday The appointment of Litvinov by Josef V Statin to succeed Constantin Oumansky now In Kuibyshev had been forecast some weeks ago when Ihe AmericanB r i I i s h delegation conferred in Moscow on war supplies for the red plies which were said to be up to the promised quota for Octo ber Litvinov once the soviet foreign commissar and long an active figure at the league of nations has been Russias foremost advocate of collective security He was tired but not dropped by Stalin when Russia signed the prewar nonaggression pact with Germany but since the nazi invasion he has come back into the public eye f His mission to Washington indi cated the soviet determination to fight on against the Germans and confidence that a final victory can be won But it also emphasized the importance placed by Stalin on speedy delivery of huge Amer ican war materials especially tanks to the red army deliveries which the Russian premier has in dicated would decide the outcome of the war LUvinov probably more than any other Russian speaks the language of International meth ods fer protection against ag might be ex pected to fitmost smoothly Into the generalized postwar aims outlined by President Roosevelt and Prime minister Churchill In addition his appointment as sured the Soviets of the most able representation in a world capital where they desire the MAXIM LITVINOV Envoy to V S Official disclosure in Canada j Russian prestigeto Vednesday that nazi submarines lave been operating off Newf oundland indicated how the nazis rohably have been able to ind heir objectives so well after dark n the perilous area west of Ice and The general accepted belief lere is that the longrange subs ff Newfoundland lie in wait not o attack but to spot and trail convoys from a safe distance soon after they leave port Keeping put of sight a spot ter submarine may trail a con voy and its naval escorts for two or three days without its presence even being suspected When it reaches the westof reland area the big Uboat by radio gives position and probable route of the quarry to a group of he smaller shorter range tr ials operating in that area and tsclf heads for home The small subs then launch their attack al the most favorable moment Litvinov was removed as soviet Fish Demands Vote on War Against Nazis WASHINGTON UR Repre resentalive Hamilton Fish R N Y house noninterventionist leader Thursday introduced a resolution to declare that a state of war exists between the United States and Germany Fishs resolution would have congress direct the president to employ the entire naval and mil itary forces of the United States and the resources of the govern ment to carry on the war against the German government Fish previously had said he would introduce such a resolution to force a showdown on the issue of United States participation in Europes affairs Several Thousands of Reinforcements Arrive in Singapore SINGAPORE troopship convoy from the United Kingdom arrived Thursday in Singapore bringing thousands Britains far eastern command The arrivals in cluded numerous men for the royal air force infantry antiaircraft and searchlight units and rein forcements for auxiliary services foreign commissar in May 1939 in a move which foreshadowed Rus sias signature of the pact with Germany which immediately pre ceded the outbreak of war He was replaced by V M Molotov who also held the premiership until af ter start of the RussoGertnan war when the No 1 post was taken over by Josef Slalin Litvinov remained in com parative obscurity in Moscow until the German attack upon Russia when he emerged from virtual retirement to take a leading part in soviet rapproch ment with the United States and Britain Two weeks after the German at fack on Russia Litvinov returned to the public spotlight with a radio address from Moscow calling upon Britain to throw her full weight ngaiiist Germany in the west while the soviet stood off Ihe attack in the easl He called on Britain to invade the European continent He played an important role in the AngloAmericaRussian con sultations in Moscow acting interpreter in the discussions be tween Stalin and the heads of the AngloAmerican delegations Lore Beaverbrook and W Avercll Har riman His designation by Slalin lo as sume the key post of ambassador to the UnitedStates was obvious ly a move designed lo tighten co operation and to remove if pos sible any further barriers of sus picion and lack of understanding which might impede full American support in the form of supplies and war materials Litvinov has long been known as Russias leading exponent of collaboration with the western democracies In Hit league of nations deliberations which pre ceded the outbreak of war he argued lime after time for a policy of a common front of Russia and western democratic nations against fascism and nazism He continued to urge this policy until Russia began to prepare for the shift which resulted in the RussoGerman pact Lilvinov is the diplomat wlv came to Washington immediate after President Roosevelts acces sion to office and negotiated wit the understanding which led t American recognition of the sovic It was presumed that Litvino was selected because of Ihcs background qualifications Temperature n City Is iowas Low DES MOINES IP A thick lanket of snow lay across north rn Iowa Thursday but travel and ommunications conditions were jproachmg normal as hundreds workmen toiled overtime to peed the reconstruction process Temperatures were five de grees below normal Thursday and skies were cloudy in all sections Lowest temperature reported tor the last 21 hours was 22 degrees atMason City The state highway patrol re orted all roads normal Thursday xcept in the northwest portion the slate where main highways ere clear but icy Ten towns however remained ithout long distance telephone ommunication Thursday in the orthwest area The Northwcst rn Bell Telephone company re orted that Iowas second early cason snowstorm had isolated 34 ommunities late Wednesday The telephone company said iat 137 long distance lines still vcre out of order Thursday but hat at least half of them would be restored by Thursday night Originally 230 lines were si enced The company has 54 crews in luding 625 men from Iowa Neb Defense Savings Stamps for sal al GlobeGazette Business office ASSISTANCE OF U S BRITISH RISES STEADILY Russian Leader Says German Losses Reach Total of 4500000 LONDON AP fighting a war of liberation alone against Germany and her allies is handicapped by lack of a second European front but the assistance given by Great Britain and the United States is of great importance and growing con tinually Premier J o s e p h Stalin declared Thursday in an address over the Moscow radio In Bern Switzerland listeners heard Stalin say lack of a second front in Europe was one of the temporary of the soviet armies and in an apparent appeal to Britain appearance of a second front would greatly facili tate our German losses since the in vation of Russia last June 22 have reached 4500000 men dead wounded and captured Stalin said and if the Ger mans want a war of destruc tion they will certainly get it Speaking on the eve ofthe 24th anniversary of the bol shevik revolution Stalin said slaughter and plunder were the Hitler policy and therefore policy of the red aimy is to destroy the Germans to tho very last man Mentioning in passing Ihat Ihr French government had sold out to Hitler for fear of a revolu tion Stalin said only the Hitlerite madmen can think they can build a new order un der Ihe present conditions in Europe The new order is ready to col lapse at any momenl and bury Hitler in its vuins Slalin said soviet losses were 350000 killed and 1358000 casu aska and Minnesota working in he storm area Thegoing is stiU rough with the sideroads bad C D Feeb ler company officialhere said There were thousands of wire breaks but things will be pretty uell under control by Thursday nieht providing there isnt an other Another storm however isnt immediate weather picture Partly cloudy to cioudy snow flurries and not quite so cold in he west was the weather bu reaus forecast Heaviest snowfall Wednes day was nine inches at Esther ville and also in the Storm Lake vicinity Four additional inches of snow at Fort Dodge brought the total there to seven inches on the Precipitation was general over he entire state But because of temperatures near or above freez ing in the southern and boutheast parts of the state only light snow flurries were reported in those areas Flying south ahead of Ihe storm in northwest Iowa werethe lirst large flights of ducks seen this year Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy to cloudy snow flurries and not quite so cold west Thursday night Fri day partly cloudy Mostly cloudy snow flurries west Thursday night Friday partly cloudy to cloudy snow flurries northwest and extreme west no decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 30 Minimum in night 22 At B a m Thursday 23 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum 23 allies presumably meaning wounded He said the soviet rear guard I never had been so strong as at this moment and that red army morale was infinitely higher than that of the German army The German army has been forced lo construct new bases on unfriendly territory whereas our army is fighting on its own terri tory the Russian premier assert ed with our people exerting every effort to keep it supplied It is unnecessary to add that the blitzkrieg has failed One of the chief factors facing the red army at the pres ent moment is the lack of a second front in Europe Stalin continued Feeling as sured that they would not be at tacked on the western front the Germans arc throwing in the bulk of their forces in the east Our country is carrying on n war of liberation alone against the Germans Hungarians and Italians He declared Ihat another reason for the temporary red army setbacks is the shortage of tanks He called Hillcrlsm the replica of reactionary regimes which have existed throughout centur ies U is a party of robbery reac tion and obstructionism Hitlers instructions lo people are If we can only achieve our aims by killing and plunder we will kill and plun der No moral reasons restrain Hitler Hitler tells his people that it his imperialistic plans arc to be successful they must crush the soviet people Yet he said the German new order is ready to collapse at any moment and bury Hitler in its ruins Stalin said this is a just war which should be supported by all freedomloving peoples We do not aim at conquering other territory Our first aim is to free our own territory Our second aim is to fret Ihe enslaved peoples of Europe and then allow them lo decide ;