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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Ul Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Centa m Cnpyi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 5 1945 This Paper Consi5te of Two One NO as TRUMAN WARNS LABOR CONFERENCE One Man 9s Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Mjufta CMy t p tm City fVldaesltr aa Amu Frlilsr p m WTAD QtLntJ UL Frldy p m XSCI Wont Cilr JtariUy p m Atomic Energy Servant or Master ALTHOUGH its been 2 months since 3 atomic bombs burst on the over a New Mexican desert the other 2 over old planet is still quaking and shaking from the reverberations Nobody at this moment knows lor sure whether the release ol the ultimate in earthly power im plicit in those 3 blasts is going to be for mans good or ill One possibility is tbat those 3 explosions werea herald of civil izations twilight another is that a new civilization better than anything ever dreamed by mor tal mind has been ushered in In such a situation I suspect we have the makings of a new definition of the words optimist and pessimist An optimist is one who expects atomic energy to ad vance civilization a pessimist is one who sees civilizations doom in the advent of atomic fission Under such a definition of terms I think I would have to classify myself as an optimist Although man does some fright fully stupid things I still think hes a pretty intelligent animal Hell find a way to master this newfound source of physical power Thats my story Ill stick to it NOT so long ago I found my self seated across the lunch eon table from 2 men who have had important roles in the lab oratory aria industrial miracle which bomb r One of these was MajGea Leslie R Groves of the United States army director of the en tire farflung program The other wasDoctor Frank H Spedding who beaded up the uranium sep aration program at Iowa State college conversation during this meal revealed a most interesting contrast in the thinking of these 2 able men the one skilled in the arts of war and in military ad MANCHURIA J JVr Mukden CHINA KIANGSU CHEKtANGZ DISORDER IN CHINA Government troops were re ported to be in action against Chinese Reds along Tientsin Pukow rail line In Hopeh and Shantung provinces 2 some 200000 Jap combat troops still retained arms The Reds said government troops were striking power fully to win all of the HankowPeiping rail line To the northwest 4 some 120000 troops were attacking gov ernment garrison at Kweisui other Red forces were at tacking Tatung while 100000 Communists were defend ing Kalgah AP Wirephoto DENY CHARGES OF US ARMED PART IN CHINA Central Government of China White House Say Stories False Chungking Chinese com munist protests alleging armed American intervention in Chinas undeclared civil war broke out anew Monday and were denied al most immediately in Chinese cen tral government circles In Washington the white house flatly said there had been no clashes between Chinese com munists and United States armed The communist new China Daily News bluntly called Lt Gen Al bert C Wedemeyers recent prom ise of nonintervention nothing but a lie and the communist news agency reported that troops and people iryliberated areas are indignant at actions of American forces The charge against the com mander of American troops in China was carried in a dispatch from the communist headquarters at Yenan The Americans it said not only armed and equipped cen tra government troops but have invaded our liberated areas in north China opened fire on us arrested some of our army person nel and disarmed some of our troops When American marines first landed at Chinwangtao the com munists sent representatives to Says Union Has Violated Act The management of the E G Morse produce plant Monday is sued a statement maintaining the packinghouse workers union vio lated the SmithConnally act in calling a strike without procuring a majority vote The strike which started Thurs day and continued Monday was called by the union over alleged nonpayment of a retroactive wage increase ordered by the war labor board Following is the managements statement The management at all times has welcomed any legal settlement of this dispute in a court of law It has been and is now in the posi tion of the company that it does not owe the wages in dispute It is also the contention of the company that the SmithConnally act was violated in the failure of the union in securing a majority vote on the matter of a strike We understand a petition for such a vote was filed with the na tional labor relations board but before the election was held by this legally constituted body the strike was called and without giv ing the workers an opportunity to vote by secret ballot on the issue of a strike At the time of the walkout the management stated there was left in the plant between 5000 and 6000 live chickens and 31 coops PLAGE CURFEW ON PALESTINE PersonsTInoer Arrest After Riots Jerusalem precaution ministration the other a dis tinguished chemist GEN GROVES understandably was regarding the atomic bomb as the greatest of all of fensive weapons in war Doctor Spedding while recognizing this potential was thinking and dreaming of peacetime applica tions of atomic energy for the making of a happier and better worldJ Anybody who doesnt believe that the atomic bomb served to hasten the end of the Pacific war by several months should be pre pared for spiritedrebuttal from Gen Groves He bolds to the be lief that the Germans could have won this war even in its closing phases this year if they could have bad a couple of atomic bombs in their ammunition bit All they would have needed to do he contended would have been to drop a couple of them on London maybe only one THIS interested me very much because was in London a year ago when every few minutes a buzzbomb was descending on that great city I know from first hand observation that Londoners en poultry to Be arent dismayed by largescale agement stated havoc This prompted me to put Ibis questionto the general Is it your idea General that 2 atomic bombs would have obfully u literated London 1 Morse His forthright answer was No Im not saying that I am sayingthat one wellplaced bomb in central London would have wrought such destruction that its people brave as they are would have realized they didnt have a chance against such a weapon This led me to inquire the ex tent of damage from one bomb such as the one at Hiroshima ex pressed in terms that I could un derstand The general asked me if I was familiar with Washing ton D C I told him I was hi a rough sort of AH right he proceeded one atomic bomb blast would have leveled every standing objectbe tween the capitol building and the National cathedral This would include most of the govern ment Buildings of marble and granite and perhaps the worlds most rugged construction WHILE he didnt say so In so many words Im quite sure that he is thinking of bigger and better bombs to come Thats his job Doubtless he is reflecting on Continued on Page 2 of live turkeys which had to be slaughtered as turkeys will not eat There was also left about 30000 pounds of turkeys and chickens to be packed and loaded into a re frigerator car and there was froz en poultry to be loaded the man We have slaughtered the tur keys and disposed of the live chickens so that now the plant is fully under control said Mr ary dusktodawn was in force at Palestine trouble spots Monday after a quiet weekend in which there was no recurrence of last weeks ArabJewish disturb ances Cairo also was reported calm There was only one small anti zionist demonstration Sunday and police quickly broke it up How ever dispatches said that 1000 personswere under arrest as an aftermath of riotine Friday and Saturday Maj Gen C F Loewen mili tary commander of the northern area issued the curfew order It commanded all persons living in specified sections between Tel Aviv and Haifa as well as resi dents of the Haifa port and re finery areas to remain indoors between p m and a m The only new incident reported Sunday occurred when 6 persons were detected tampering with the royal navy depot fence near Haifa They fled after an Inter change of shots with guards There were no casualties A conciliatory voice was raised over the weekend when Musa Bey El AJami Palestine delegate to the PanArab league said that the Arab people would agree to additional Jewish immigration into Palestine if an impartial united nations body decided the countrys economy could carry the load and il all allied nations also agreed to accept Jewish immi grants The spokesman explained that the Arabs object not to the Jews as such but to political Zionism He criticized the Jews for segre gating themselves into water tight Jewish communities contact them but they were fired upon and had tq reply the dis patch said adding the commu nists withdrew after an hour of hostilities After the marines had occupied Chinwangtao and the nearby town of Heiyang the dispatch said the communists who were not in iormedot tions and considering Chinas territorial rights involved sent 6 representatives to negotiate with them The Americans arrested the ne gotiators without explanation and HUNT MISSING CHILD IN intensive search is underway in Oakland Gal for 3 year old Dickie turn Sudan missing from his Downieyille Gal home after he was reported seen there Lorraine Bubenik above waitress told police that 2 sailors brought a boy resemb ling Dickie into her cafe in Oakland PoliceSeek Boys Body El Paso Tex said i Monday they were investigating before releasing them asserted the possibility that the body of a NO IMMEDIATE REVEAL MARRIAGE Hollywood of Grace Nichols exwife of Pro ducerDirector Gregory Lacava to professional Football Coach Earl Lamheau of the Green Bay Packers wss revealed Monday Lindblom and Highlanders Here Lindblom high school will definitely represent Chicago at the annual Armistice Day foot ball game bere next Monday afternoon it was announced by the Mason City Lions clob sponsor of the game It will be the 4th appearance of the Lind blom club here In 3 previous meetings the games ended in a victory apiece and a tie It was also announced that the Scottish Highlanders front the University of Iowa will perform here between halves of the Kame See sports page for details 9123 TROOPS ARRIVE IN U S New York troopship from India and 3 from Europe were scheduled to dock Monday with 9123 troops The Gen Ballou arriving from Calcutta carried 2990 troops in cluding the 118th tech recon sq 35th photo reconsq 36th fighter control sq 1377th signal Co B43rd aircraft warning bn 666th AAA ban 19th veterinary evac Hsp 40th portable surgical Hsp 3172nd ord Co 4th phot tech unit and the 3340th signal service company The Chapel Hill Victory carried 1965 troops including the 870th 8731st and 872nd field artillery battalions 3009th quartermaster bakery Co the MP platoon and 66th recon troop mech of the 66th infantry division The Antioch Victory and the Sea Pike carried 4167 miscellan eous troops All troops will be processed at Camp Kilmer N J the news threatened that the communists would be dealt with by the American fleet and ma rines The dispatch also charged that 1 October 18 a detachmentof 30 American and Chinese police arrested 5 members of the staff of the communist office in the former British concession in Ti entsin 2 American planes supported puppet troops in threatening our forces 3 Ten American planes from Nanyuan airfield in the suburbs of Peiping flew over the commu nistheld town of Kuan on Oct 21 and dropped leaflets warning the communists to withdraw in 3 days 4 Later the same day 14 American planes strafed Kuan while a mass meeting was being held Eariier in adispatch fromone of its correspondents the commu nist paper bad charged the ma rines with positively participat ing in armed intervention in Chinas undeclared civil war American marines at Chin wangtao in cooperation with Ku omintang troops attacked com munistliberated areas for days it said Oct 30 a contingent of American marines and troops be longing to the Kuomintang na government 94th army attacked and occupied a point near Shanhaikwan The Americans disarmed 18 commu nist guerrillas Chinwangtao where Vice Adm Daniel Barbeys U S seventh amphibious force recently landed nationalist troops and Shanhaik wan are on the gulf of Chihli about 150 miles northeast of Tientsin Kuomingtang troops were transported in American vehicles to launch the attack on Shanhaik boy found in the canar early Sun day might be that of missing Dickie turn Sudeh The body taken from the Franklin canal is that of a boy about 3 years old The child was fully clothed He wore a brown sweater withgreen stripes brown trousers white undershirt and white leather shoes Both Lieutenant R H Lessor of the El Paso police department and Sheriff Allen Falby considered it strange theyhavereceived rio re ports from parents in the El Paso area of a missing boy Were going to check the Cali fornia angle Lessor said MOOSE TO CONVENE Des Moines first full scale state convention of the Moose lodge since the start of the war will open in Des Moines next Friday and run through McCuilougK Explains Production Is Short Washington tire rationing cannot be ended for several months unlessthere is a substantial increase in tire pro duction Max McCullough retir ing OP A deputy rationing admini strator said Monday McCullouffh reiterated that ra tioning would be lifted as soon as possible but said local ration boards now have a backlog of nearly 1000000 tire applications The war production board has informed us that production has increased in the past 2 weeks and we hope that this trend will con tinue he said McCullough said local ration boards had 517715 unfilled tire applications on hand July 31 By the end of weeks after gasoline rationing was lifted backlog increased to more than 875000 Insurance Firm Buys Old Library The Iowa Hardware Mutual In surance company Monday pur chased the old Mason City li brary building from the city for The building has been empty since Jan 5 1940 The sale followed unanimous action by the city council on a resolution atthe Oct 1 meeting authorizing the mayor to make the sale The purchase price was the highest written offer ever re ceived for the property an oral offer of the same amount having been made previously but later withdrawn The sale was announced by else Mayor HE Bruce who said that he had exhausted all possibilities of selling the property to the school board lodges churches or civic organizations before the council decided on the sale to a private organization Four principal reasons moved the council in its decision he said 1 It assures the continuance in Mason Cityof the Iowa Hardware Mutual Insurance company which has a continuous and consistent payroll of 60 persons 2 The building is deteriorating rapidly and several hundred dol lars alreadyhave been spent on temporary repairs More important yet the mayor stated is the ne cessity of substantial repairs hav ing to be made immediately if the building is to survive the coming winter weather in reasonable con dition The roof would have to be replaced and heating facili ties installed which would keep in terior temperaturesabove freez ing This would require a large outlay by the city 3 The sale puts the property on the tax roll and makes it anin come producing property instead an expense 4 It assures propermaintenance and landscaping of the property so that it will be an asset to the citys appearance The insurance company plans on taking over ately and making repairs and al terations as materials are available according to R D Austin secretaryofthe firm He said that no additions to the build ing are contemplated since it will provide sufficient space not only for the insurance firm but also for housing the Iowa Hetail Hardware association Removal to the new building re ceived approval Monday of the Iowa Retail Hardware association of which Philip R Jacobson is sec retary wan the dispatch continued On Oct 31 Americanand Chi nese forces from Chinwangtao at tacked Pehtaiho and machine gunned us Our casualties were heavy and we were forced to withdraw from Pehtaiho Around 70000 U 5 marines have been stationed in the Tient sinPeiping area of north China to aid nationalist forces of Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek in disarming Japanese forces and in policing until Chiang can move in reinforcements American officials have empha sized that the marines have been ordered to stand clear of Chinas civil strife and take no sides Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy with occasional light rain and colder in the afternoonor night Iowa Fair Warmer east and cen tral portions Monday Partly cloudy warmer extreme east MondaynightTuesday mostly cloudy occasional light rain colder north portion Minnesota Mostly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tues day with occasional rain or snow over north portion Mon day night and in entire state Tuesday IN MASONCITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 48 Minimum 31 At 8 a m Monday 37 YEAR AGO MAN KILLED IN TRUCK MISHAP Funeral Tuesday for George Ahrens Rowan Ahrens 61 of Rowan was instantly killed when the pickup truck in which he was riding with his brother Walter went intoa ditch on a graveled road 4 miles south and a mile and a half east of Belmond late Sat urday Funeral services will he held at the Lutheran church at Lati mcr Tuesday afternoon Mr Ahrens is survived by his wife and 2 daughters MASON CITYANS LAND IN STATES Capt Robert L Ferguson Ma son City was scheduled to have arrived in Boston on the General Breckenridge Sunday and Pfc Ford Reynolds was due to arrive on the SS ChapeJ Hill Victory in New York Monday according to A P dispatches received here Maximum Minimum 40 27 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 31 12 At 8 a m Sunday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 46 Minimum 20 Flan Salt Beds Tokyo headquarters Monday authorized the Japanese government to convert 28 airports into salt beds to relieve a major shortage Strikers at Moline 111 Return to Work With 10 Per Cent Increase Moline HI em ployes of 3 East Moline plants ol John Deere company returned to work Monday after approving an agreement reached Friday granting a flat 10 per cent wage increase to all and additional mis cellaneous increases in several specialized classifications T h e strike started 11 weeks ago with a demand lor a SOper cent increase The plants are the Deere Har vester Spreader and Union Malle able Works employing about 2 600 men The John Deere Plow Works in Moline employing 1000 persons remained strikebound as CIO farm ecmipment union officials said the Terms offered in East Mo line were not acceptable Strikes At a Glance WANTS NAME CHANGED Los Angeles wed Joan Bennett of the films wants the surname of her daughter Diana 17 changed for the 2nd Read The Message From United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 4 By UNITED PRESS Strikes and resulting plant shutdowns left 260000 workers idle Monday The major developments A strike of Greyhound lines bus drivers SAYS WORRIED PUBLIC WANTS STRIFE REMEDY Secretary Wallace Puts WagePrice Issue Into Meeting Washington President Truman put the national labor management conference on notice Monday that if it fails to find remedies for industrial strife the people will find them place else Strikes and lockouts cannot be allowed to check the nations climb toward high civilian pro duction Mr Truman told the top men of business and labor Shortly afterward Secretary of Commerce Wallace tossed the controversial vyageprice question into the already was divided on the question of debating it If wages are not increased prices will undoubtedly be forced down Wallace said in an ad dress prepared for delivery Profits too he said would be en dangered and business would risk incurring public disfavor Appearing before the 36 man agement and labor delegates at their opening session Mr Tru man said a worried public ex pected them to find a broad and permanent foundation for indus trial peace and progress with out government control Whitecollar pickets who sta tioned themselves before the la bor department auditorium to protest the absence of independ ent unions from the conference to let the president enter without incident Truman made 3 broad pro posals tq remedy industrial ills minded collective bargaining conducted with a firm resolve to reach an agree ment fairly bargaining fails the use of impartial machineryto reach settlements on the basis of prov en facts and realities andInteg rity on both sides in living up to agreements once made John L Lewis walked through the picket line to reach the con ference table but labors other 2 big William Green of AFL and Philip Mur ray of through a side door One of the dozen men and women who seek a seat in the proceedings bore a sign Undemocratic labormanagement conference being held here Lew is head of the United Mine Workers talked briefly with a picket then proceeded Eighteen top flight industrial ists andas many leaders of or ganized workers were in the spacious auditorium Also present were alternates with power to advise and speak but not to vote Mr Truman told them he had supreme confidence in their power to stop the worry of the people a worry which he said was justified by the earlier prom ise of labor and management to cooperate with their govern ment through the reconversion period Asserting he was anxious to re move all wartime controls as fast as it is possible Mr Truman said labor and management must find a way of resolving their differ ences without stopping produc tion He added Finding the best way to ac complish that result without gov ernment directive to either labor or is your job The president said the country is worried and has a right to be about industrial relations You have it In your power to stop that worry he said The time has come for labor andmanagement to handle their own affairs in the traditional American democratic way I hope that I can give up the presidents wartime powers as soon as possible so that management and labor can again have the full and undivided responsibility for providing the production that we must have to safeguard our do mestic economy and our leader ship in international affairs The president said the confer ence presented an opportunity to prove that the 2 groups can come to an understanding and agree ment without political or govern and other employes which had halted the companys vehicles in 18 states east of the Mississippi spread to a 9 state southwestern area in contract dispute AUTOMOTIVE Unionists were reported ready to walk out in 14 Windsor Ont plants to protest an outside police effort to end a 2month strike at the Ford Motor company of Canada MACHINISTS A walkout of CIO and AFL machinists went into its 2nd week at San Francisco with efforts to conciliate a wage dis pute apparently bogged down LUMBER Lumber activities in 5 western states remained halted as 60000 AFL lumber workers held to their determination not to work until they get a hourly minimum wage for the industry GLASS Breakdown of contract negotiations kept 18000 CIO glass workers idle at 12 LibbeyOwensFord and Pittsburgh Plate Glass company plants mental pressure The American people he said never expected anythinglike the amount of strife which has been threatened since the war Mr Truman continued And I know that the American people do not like after the solemn promise by repre sentatives of both management and labor that they would co operate with their government through the reconversion period If labor anct management in an industry or in a company find that they cannot come to agree ;