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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL JL Associated Press and Unilcd Press Full Leased win THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AUL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOXS five Cents a Cops I MacNIDER AT AIRPORTHeres latest picture of Brig Oen Hanforci MacNider of Mason City shown at right with Brig Gen Spencer B Akin chief signal officer in the southwest Pacific The 2 generals chatted while changing planes at an allied airfield somewhere in Australia U S signal corps photo ff MacArthur Presents Legion of Merit to Gen MacNider Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific Donlas Mac Arthur commander of allied forces in this area has awarded the Legion of Merit to Brig Gen Hanford MacNider Mason City Iowa for for exceptionally conduct and performance of out standing services in New Guinea MacNider a veteran or the Is World war former assistant sec retary of war and minister to Canada and past command e r o the American L e gion is com mander com b i i e d opera tional service command in New Guinea He coordinat ed I o g i s t i cal support of allied opera tions which drove the Japa nece from their bases on New coast The citation said showed Mac ARTHUR Guineas nortl MacNider leadership in the construction of airfields roads depots port facilities regulation of staging and supply of comba troops provision of transportation on air land and water in combal areas and hospitalization am sanitary measures Marked effectiveness ot Brig Gen MacNider in this most difficult and essential work was a most valuable contribution to the successful operations of allied forces during this period the ci tation continued The award presentee bv Gen eral MacArthur personally was MacNiders 2nd of this war He received the Oak Leaf Cluster equivalent to a 2nd award ot the Distinguished Service Cross foi extraordinary heroism in New Guinea when he commanded American troops in forward areas of Buna until wounded He won the DSC the Silver Star and the Oak Leaf Cluster for gallantry in action in France dur ing the World war I U S BOMBERS AGAIN ATTACK West German Targets Blasted by Americans London flying fortresses and liberators escorted by thunderbolts and lightnings blasted targets in western Ger many Friday while medium ma rauder bombers attacked targets in northern France U S air force headquarters announced The daylight assault came with in a few hours after RAF mos quito bombers hit the same gen eral area Thursday night in the wake of the most devastating 24 hour punches yet tinown at the rcich Five aircraft were lost in op erations which included the lay ing of mines in enemy waters Since May the mosquito have attacks on German of them directed at The returning mosquito flyers said fires still burned in Dusscl dorf bombed Wednesday night by a huge RAF fleet which dropped 2000 tons of bombs in 27 min tons a minute The Wednesday night assault followed a raid by a record Amer ican force of around 700 bombers on Wilhclmshaven it was dis closed The 2 heavy RAF and American attacks in thst 24 hours poured a combined total of 4000 tons of bombs on the reich it was announced made cities 27 Berlin Rule Academic Freedom at ISC Is Not Violated Iova City state board of education announced Friday that in its opinion there is no foundation to charges that aca demic freedom is being violated at Iowa State college In a letter to Goy B B Hicken looper made public after a meet ing of the board it said in part After a thorough and intensive consideration ol the whole situa tion it is our mature judgment that the charge of a violation of the fundamentals of academic freedom in all particulars iswith out foundation in fact ThV governor asked the ooard which supervises state educational institutions to report on the mat ter after charges that academic freedom was being suppressed at the college were hurled when Dr T W Schultz head of the depart ment of economics and sociology at the agricultural college re signed His resignation followed a con troversy over a collegesponsored pamphlet in which oleomargarine was compared favorably with butter Dairy interests in the state protested the butter oleomarjt arine comparison and after sev eral meetings at the college the pamphlet was ordered revised been restricted at the college not disclose whether anyone ap peared before the board or wheth er any written reports or state ments from interested persons or SNYDER CITES RATE Washington m e r i c a n soldiers arc being killed now at 1 an average rate of more than 200 I a day Representative 1 Buell ISnyder D Pa told Ihe house I Friday were submitted Donald W Van Vlcct president ol the Iowa Farmers Union had announced he intended to appeal before the board and ask an in vestigation of the case by an im partial committee Van Vleet had asked he gov ernor to order an investigation of the charges concerning the college and the governor turned the mat ter over to the board WILCOX RESIGNS AS PROFESSOR AT AMES Ames W Wilcox ias resigned as professor in the department o economics and sociology at Iowa State college to accept a position at the Uni versity of Wisconsin President Charles E Frileys office dis closed Thursday Wilcox is the 2nd loua State college professor involved in the oleomargarine controversy o resign Dr T Schultz head of the economics and sociologv department quit Sept 19 to join he staff of the University ot Chicago The resignation of Wilcox was effective Oct 31 He will be pro cssor of farm management at Wisconsin Wilcox who joined the Iowa Slate faculty in 1935 is assistant chief of the allocations and con trol branch of the food distribu tion administration He has been on leave of absence intermittent ly for the last year to serve the office of agricultural war rela tions in Washington Wilcox was a member of the Iowa State college editorial com mittee which approved a pamph let entitled Putting Dairying on a War Footing which compared oleomargarine favorably with butter The pamphlet drew pro tests from dairy groups and later was revised MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER 5 1943 Tanks Surround 15000 Japs in Segregation Center With Move for Ending Violence YANKS FIGHT ON EDGE OF INLAND KEY VENAFRO Move With Hard and Swift Punches Over Collapsed Defense Line Allied Headquarters Algiers fP w ilh h a r d swit punches deeper into central Italj over the collapsed MassicoTrigno river defense line allied 5th anc 8th armies advanced in all sec tors allied headquarters said Fri day The fall ot Venafro 1 of the inland highway centers which held the line together ivas be lieved imminent The BBC correspondent in Al giers said American troops are fighting in the outskirts of Ven The 5th army followed up the 8th armys capture of Isernia Ihe other highway hub in the demol ished line by smashing through German positions to reach Ihe vi cinity of the Garigliano river 80 miles south of Rome Its Ion banks aloiiff Ihe Tyrrhenian had been flooded by the Germans to delay the pursuit On the allied right flank Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8th army routed enemy resistance ii the San Salvo area after severa days of fierce battling and cap tured that town and railway sta tion with the assistance of the British destroyers Queensborough and Raider which shelled the Germans out of their holes In the Montemilro area some 12 miles inland from the Adriatic Montgomerys British and Cana dians made further crossing of the Trigno ex ploit the advantageous position Claim Allies Try to Land 40 Miles North of Front London German high command said Fridayin a com munique broadcast from Berlin that an allied landing attempt had been made in the Pescara area miles northwest of the British ncwal of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys leapfrog tactics The communique said a 2nd landing attempt also had been Dr Schultz who joined the made in the area of Istonia faculty of the University of Chibut declared that both attempts cago said in his letter of resignawere defeated by coastal artil tion Sept 19 that he quit because lery and that 1 motor torpedo boat he felt academic freedom had was sunk niwic man ju amen tanks wen The board of education had no destroyed in recent days fightinc other comment to make Friday the Germans said after a morning session at which nhot hen the fall ot IsermI ful move to end recurring violence l Acting to meet new threats to the 250 Caucasian administrative personnel of this segregation center foidisloyalists the army took JLOVOI emile poltOI1 outs of the internees barracks itself Five hundred asserted trouble makers were rounded up by troops with fixed bayonets at Jhe cost of injuries to a score of per sons and work went forward rapidly on the construction of a high bar bedwire fence Io sep arate the hundreds of barracks from other buildings at the cenler It was in this newlyprotected area that from 4 to 8 thousand in ternees Monday massed arounc the administration building am held virtually besieged for 4 hours several score including Dillon Myer nationa director of he war relocation au thority A dozen administration em ployes are reported fo have re signed in fear of more violent up risings The Japanese Friday milled about their 700 acre armypa troled within sigh of hundreds of their same ancestrj now harvesting the crops they had refused to violence seemed at an end The 500 Japanese rounded up Thursday after a civilian guard had been badly beaten were questioned in an effort to single out leaders of disturbances At San Francisco Robert Coz zens field director ol the in charge on the west coast sale thousands of the Japanese gave ar open avowal of their loyalty tht land of their ancestors at Mon days demonstration The incident came at Ihe close of the mass demonstration during which a committee of 17 internees met with WRA officialsto demand better food oiled streets and the dismissal of certain Caucasian ad ministrative personnel Floodlights every 80 to 100 fee illuminated the 700acre camp which is enclosed by 2 barbet wire fences 40 feet apart Inside this 40 foot band which soldiers referred to as the shooting tanks and armored cars circled the area slowly in an unendim parade JThe few Caucasian personne wjio remained and those whom f to return after y had beent evacuated were or dered to stay in quarters for rea sons of safety Mayor A A Roderberger ui nearby Tule Lake Cal said Tule Lake is resting easy now that the army has taken over When the soldiers arrived the Chronicle said internees seized a number of automobiles and trucks belonging to camp administration officials and attempted to run down army guards The Japanese who gathered in an angry demonstration last Mon day were quickly subdued Seek to Halt Study of Proposal to Remove Oleomargarine Taxes Washington UR Republican members of the house agriculture committee led by representatives from dairy states Friday sought to halt consideration of legisla tion repealing taxes and other re strictions on the sale of oleomar garine Representative Clifford Hope RKan said he saw no particu lar reason for further considera tion of the bill7 even though its opponents have not yet testified I believe most of us have made up our minds already he said It is an old question and one that I decided on long before these hear ings began Further hearings would just be a waste of all of our time Indications were that an i formal decision to indefinitely de lay further action would be asked of the committee by republican members all of whom have ap peared antagonistic to the proposal since hearings first began This would serve to postpone without a roll call vote any future consid Dralion until members vote to Dring it up again 8l armys present position on fru3itjun oil i the state the Adriatic in an apparent re More than 30 allied tanks were cut the Germans off from the westward road connections with their right wing Making further inroads in the center American units crossed the upper Vollurno river where it bends northeastward in front of Venafro capturing all high ground dominating the upper val ley while other forces to the east seized San Agapito 3 miles south of fsernia and Carpinone 6 miles east of Jscrnia In an aerial offensive the new 15th United Slates air force joined with its older brother the 12th and with the RAF in smashing German communications Fortresses bombed the west coast railway at numerous places between Leghorn and Civitavec chia north of Rome interrupting service on that important supply artery Bombcarrying P38 light nings made simultaneous assaults on the railway viaduct at Terni north of Rome scoring direct hits on that key junction RAF Wellingtons in Ihe wake of these blows pounded the freight yards at Orte 53 north of Rome A choice than 100 enemy motor vehicles moving from the battlcfront along the Avezzanolsola strafed and at least 16 vehicles were left smouldering Warhawks strafed 1 motor ves sels oft the Adriatic coast near Pineto and attacked enemy motor launches near the harbor of Split on the Jugoslav coast DRIVER IS INDICTED Cedar Rapids The Linn grand jury has indicted William Scilhamer 45 on a charge of manslaughter in con nection with the death Oct 2 of James Krausnick 5 who was fa ally injured when struck by a truck driven by Seilhamer Save hy buy ins bonds Save he bonds you buy Your newspaper boy is busy to He will appreciate getting his money when he calls the 1st time REDS AT RIVER BANKS ACROSS FROM KHERSON Hold Virtually All of Land East of Dnieper After Swift Campaign BULLETIN LONDON Berlin radio said Friday night that Russian forces had rammed their way into the eastern Crimean porl of Kerch hut had been beaten back from the city The Germans say the Russians have bridgeheads on 2 sides of the cily Moscow The Russians held virtually every foot of land cast of the Dnieper Friday from its motilh below Kherson anci along its 650mile course through the heart ot the Ukraine north to Gomel as the prize of their summer campaign which they said bled the Germans of 2700 000 casualties Marshal Stalins resume of 4 violent months of combat listed 900000 Germans killed 98000 captured and 1702000 wounded thus hoisting German casualties claimed by Russia to an as tronomical 11000000 of which the Russians said 5000 000 lav dead Swift sweeps over the Black Sea sands of the southern Ukraine brought the Cossacks to the river banks opposite Kherson 65 miles northwest of the sealed off Crimea Official maps published Friday showed the Russians in posses sion of all the east side of the Dnieper from Gomel to Zaporozhe in the bend South Zaporozhe the only German holdings east of of the Dnieper are limited io the Crimea a thin atrip 52 miles long opposite Nikopol and a minute bit of land in the Dnieper delta due south of Kherson Moscow said nothing of the Crimea but the Berlin radio said German troops were engaged in heavy fighting on beachheads south and east of Kurskand on the northern approaches to the Crimea TJie Germans said a tank battle was being fought neai Pcrekop and in another sector Rumanian grenadiers repulsec the a counterattack that 2 landing boats were sunk off Kerch anc that 3 torpedo boats a gunboat and 3 landing boats had been sunk in the Black Sea and in the Gulf of Finland suggesting amphibious operations in the Crimea west of the Dnieper mouth and far north to the west of Leningrad The Germans said a furious dinedonc battle was in progress in the Dnieper bend south of Dnepropetrovsk where Russian breakthroughs of German lines other red armies were pushing westward toward the Latvian border and toward the otcl Polish frontier Still other forces resumed their drive to capture Kiev curl ing 20 miles to the northwest to take Dinner The surge across White Russia overran Novokhovansk 54 miles from Latvia The seizure of Zhulevo in the Nevel area carried the red army within 50 miles of Poland The official announcement of the fruits of the summer cam paign showed the Russians had achieved an enormous tactical as well as material success for further prosecution of the war the triumphant announcement carrying these staggering figures 01 German losses on the Russian front came just after the regular daily communique had told of further gains by the soviet Ukrainian armies under Gen Fco dor Tolbukhin Red army columns were reported in Aleshki on the eastern bank of the lower Dnieper vcr opposite the Black Sea port at the rivers mouth I tie Russians also announced their troops had stormed and captured the west bank highway town of Dimer 20 miles north of Kiev and had surged across White Rus sia to take Novokhovansk 54 miles from the Latvian border in a move to outflank Vitebsk The holiday spirit already in the air in Moscow where on Sun day the Russians will celebrate the anniversary of the October revolution was heightened by the publication of the ivar review The announcement recited an impressive list of victories in which the Russians had advanced rom 185 to 280 miles along a 1 200milelong front to recapture 130000 square miles of territory since July 5 The communique said that 38 000 settlements were liberated of which 162 were large cities free ng millions ot Russian subjects from German domination Enormous amounts ol German var material were reported de stroyed or captured including 10189 warplanes 17700 tanks and 19800 artillery pieces MISSING IN BLIMP Washington The navy Friday listed Ensign Deri L Schaf tall of Oskaloosa Iowa among he missing crewmen on the blimp C94 which was destroyed by fire vhile on a routine flight in the Vest Indies No survivors of the 1man crew was found the navy NO Map Major Drive Against Japs at Chungking Parley 3 Jap Destroyers 8 Merchant Ships Sunk 67Planes Shot Down SHOWDOWN showdown battle for control of the south Pacific appeared in the making as the allies smashed a Jap counterinvasion force of planes and ship ping at Rabaul On Bougainville marines enlarged their bridgehead On Choiseul paratioop marines seized a barge depot and on New Guinea the Australians advanced on Sladang If Reveal 4 Jap Warships Sunk in Battle Off Bougainville Southwest Pacific Allied quarlers navy lured more and more within range American ships guns and bomb ers by threatened loss of the Solomons already has paid the piice of H warships sunk or dam aged this week without getting closer thrn 40 miles to the U S marine villc beachhead on Bougain An enemy cruiser and 4 de stroyers were sunk 2 cruisers and Z destroyers damaged out of a task force of 12 which trieVi to sneak down from Rabaol through darkness awl hlinrtinr rain Tuesday and shell the nurinfcr at Empress Augusta bay Forty miles out United Siates fighting ships shattered ihat at tempt and after a 2 hour running battle sent the remnants fleeing foward Rabaul Even then the enemy warships were not safe It is considered likely that the sur vivor1 of the naval encounter were among the 3 destroyers sunlc and 2 heavy cruisers damaged in a bomb blitz of Rabauls harbor 9 hours later by General Mac Arthurs Mitchells Headquarters in releasing Fri day preliminary accounts of the naval the first of many which logically may be fought as Japan strives to prevent being ousted irom the northern Solo mons said the American war ships emerged scarred but en tirely afloat At dawn that Tuesday those same ships were attacked by 67 Japanese planes sustaining more damage but weathering the raid and shooting down 17 Berlin broadcast a DNB dis patch from Tokyo quoting a Japa nese imperial communique as de claring that 5 allied cruisers 3 destroyers and 2 big transports were sunk off Bougainville be liveen Oct il and Nov 2 The Associated Press recorded the broadcast The ground stabs into the last Salomons holdings of Ihe enemy penetrated deeper At Empress Augusta bay where Ihe marines surprised the Japs by landing Monday 45 miles northwest nf Ihe enemys strong Bougainville garrison at Buiii Nipponese sol diers now have been routed from Puruala island near Ihe beach and from strong positions on a cape Thirty miles south of Bougain ville American and New Zealand soldiers have won complete con trol o Treasury Mono island All organized resistance by its 200 Japanese defenders was crushed Wednesday 1 week after the in vaders landed under cover of de stroyer suns and bombing planes At Habaul where more than 700 Japanese planes have been raids since Oct 12 headquarters reported Fridaj that Tuesdays daylight blow against 94000 tons of enemy shipping was followed up that night by a firesetting at tack of patrolling Mitchells on the Tobera airfield Near Rabaul a patrolling lib erator blew up an 8000 ton merchantman Weather Report Mason City Fair and cooler Fri day night lowest temperature in Mason City 2C Iowa Fair and cooler Friday night mostly cloudy iiid warm er Saturday with widely scat tered showers late Saturday and Sunday Minnesota Cloudy west partly east Little change in tempera ture north and west Colder southeast Friday night Saturday cloudy with rain southeast and extreme south and snow north and west central Continued cold Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Thursday is Minimum Thursday night 31 At 8 a in Friday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum 54 Minimum 3f Precipitation 04 NURSE WADES ASHOREHer G I shoes slung around her neck and her coveralls rolled above her knees this Yank nurse followed by others wades ashore from a land ing trait in Naples harbor as shipmates hand gear ashore over a human chain ft I NEW ACTIVITIES OUTLINED SAYS F RS REPORT Military Leaders in Complete Agreement on Handling Campaign Washington resident Roosevelt announced Friday that the United States Great Britain and China had reached a com plete agreement for new miliUirv operations in the Chinese theater and ihat it would mean bad news for the Japanese The president disclosed at a pressradio conference that the agreement had just been reached at au extremely successful con ference at Chungking among Generals Stihveli Chenault and Somervcll for the United States Lord Louis Mountbalten new British commander in chief in the southeast Asia area and Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek and his Chinese military advisers lie said the agreement was mostly on operational questions and that it concerned the methods for handling what he called the continental campaign in the far east The president told reporters that he could nut give any de tails at this time but that the presence of General Somervoll chief of the American army forces Election Comment Washington Roosevelt asked Friday to dis cuss the election results com mented only that he has been very much interested in the returns from Italy the southwest Pacific and the Chinese theater of supply meant that supply problems ivere involved He ported Somervell had returned to the United States Commenting 011 New American victories in he southwest Pa cific President KuoseveH said that it carries out the old idea of nhitlliiie away at Japanese strength and it has been ly successful While the operation at Bou gainville is pirt of the stepping stone method in a sense he added that it was aimed at knocking out the strong Japanese base at Rabaul He said Rabaul was the prin cipal Japanese point of opera tions in that area and thai the progress the American forces arc making there is aimed nl render in Rabaul useless and continuing on from there The Chungking conference wys believed in informed quarters to have dealt solely with prohlems of joint action in the major of fensive for which Mountbattcns southeast Asia command was es tablished after the Quebec con ference of the president and Prime Minister Churchill Some sources said il was un ikely that anything concerning General Douglas MacAnhurs soulInvest Pacific operations was discussed by the conferees unless it may have been the timing oC coordinated actions in the 2 the aters Any effect on the scope ot MacArthurs future operations however would date from the original decision to establish llic southeast Asia command and not from the conference at Chung king More likely the Chungkins meeting probably was concerned primarily with the kind nnd ex tent of Chinese participation F K DKCLAKES HE IS ANXIOUS TO MEET STALlY President Roosevelt told re porters Friday that the Moscow postwar peace agreement un doubtedly will lead to oilier unit ed nations meetings abroad but thai Ihe question of his own pros pective conference with Marshal Stalin md Prime Minister Churchiil was still undecided He added he was still very anxious to meet Stalin because il was al ways a good thing to know the other fellow The other meetings he refer ted to tie said would be ot the 2 commissions set up at the Moscow conference and earlier that ot the Mediterranean commission and a 2nd to be held in London He said he looked for closer work on details to follow the his toric meeting touching on mili tary operations and services of supply as well as how to get bet tcr coordination of military forces Mr Roosevelt said Secretary Hull would be home soon In response to questions he said there was no aucmpl to bypass the senate requirements for rati fying treaties in reaching the MOSCOW agreement He laughed when this question was put and ;