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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 4, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM F ARCHIVES A i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pica and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 4 1946 This Paper Consists of Two One No 22 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MUCH CUT Snnfer f WIAD QllDCT Dl Mon p m Wot Amei WSUL low City IhurtlUr Pm Shall Alaska Be Our 49th State NOT long ago the qualified vot ers in the territory of Alaska went to the polls in a referendum election and by a margin of 7290 to 3866 placed their approval on a formal request to enter the American union as the 49th state In other territorial possessions of the United the Hawaiian islands and Puerto Rico idea of statehood has been widely discussed but so far as I know this is the first time the proposal has been laid squarely on the line before our national legislature Whats going to happen to the request I dont know I have the feeling however that ultimately it will be granted There are argu ments both ways of course And in this commentary Id like to con sider some of them A principal point against ad mitting Alaska to statehood will be that the action will con fer upon the individual citizen ol that vast northern domain a suf frage power that nobody in the existent states enjoys Heres what I mean Although larger in area than what we call the northern Missis sippi valley Iowa Missouri Minnesota Wisconsin Kansas Nebraska and the Dako today has a popula tion of only whites and 35000 natives Indians and Eskimos As a prerogative of statehood those 85000 citizens would be servedby 2 United States senators and one representative That means that so fer as voting pow er for a senator by the individual is concerned the Alaskan would have it over a New Yorker by about 1500 times In comparison with an lowan it would mean an advantage of about 300 to 1 This was the objection raised against admitting our last 2 states NewMexico and Arizona back in 1912 Its an objection raised against southern representation in congress inthe face of the fact that Negroes are not admitted to the polls How valid it is cant be stated with finality What certainly is true however is that the principle of unequal voting power is already established in our federal union Admitting sparselysettled Alaska to statehood would be no more than extending an already existent inequality of voting power THIS objection to admitting Alaska to statehood is some what academic as is also one of the arguments in favor of that course My reference here is to the contention that unless United States gives full citizenship status the residents of her territoriaj possession shell be open to cri ticism as an empirical nation can we criticize Britain in her relationship to India some are asking so long as we deny full citizenship rights to Alaskans That may be a good argument for admitting Alaska to statehood not the best by any means in my opinion The one best argu ment for such action is that Alaska is already extremely important in the American scheme of things and destined to become more im portant as the years come Lets take a look at this aspect of the problem IN the war against Japan Alaska provided a springboard for our military forces By using that northern peninsula for a base we were able to make rather quick work of the Japanese in their only invasion of American soil on the Aleutian islands i But this is only a preface to the military future unless the nations of the world can get together and eliminate the possibility of war Russia during the war sent a bombing plane over the Arctic wastes and set it down at San Francisco Within the month an American bomber crossed the Arctic in its nonstop flight from Honolulu to Egypt Gen Spaatz of our air forces recently offered the observation that every important city in Eu rope and Asia could be reached by an American based bomber more than that he stated without qualification that such bomber could carry out its mission and re turn to its American base Its a 2way street of course If we can bomb the cities of Eu rope and Asia it follows that Eu ropeans and Asians could bomb our cities This is another way of saying that to have a chance for survival in a future war we must have control of the Arctic skies above America That means Alaska ENTIRELY aside however from its military potential Alaska is important When the vast ter ritory was purchased in 1867 at the insistence of William H Se CONTINDED ON PAGE 2 NO 11TH HOUR TRUMAN APPEAL Ballots GOP SEEKING 9 SENATE SEATS OFF OF DEMOS Democrats Are After RepublicanHeld Senate Positions in 2 States By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The balloting Jin 16 key states appears likely to chart the na ions legislative course for the next 2 years when upwards of 35 voters choose Tuesday among more than 1000 candidates or national and state offices These 16 states stretching from Massachusetts to California hole he major share of close contests which will determine democratic or republican control of the house and senate in the 80th congress Many of these same states also are among the 33 where governor ships are at stake in this offyear election With both major parties making heir usual lastminute victory claims attention centered on a fi nal republican drive to wrest 9 senate seats from the democrats Added to those which they claim already are in the bag the 9 would give the GOP control of the senate or the first time since the new deal came into power These seats are in New York Massachusetts Missouri Idaho Montana Washington West Vir rinia Wyoming and New Mexico Jcmocrats insist they not only will win in these races but are unwill ng to concede that the republicans lave a better than even chance to ake over in Ohio Pennsylvania Delaware anil Wisconsin In the hope of cashing in on what many observers have called a trend againstthe ins the dem ocrats have gone out after republi canheld senate places in Ken ucky and California with what hey contend are fair prospects of winning both These 35 with Illi nois which has no senatorial con to furnish most of he vital results in the hotlycon ested races which GOP leaders assert will give them control of the house The democrats sharply dis pute these victory claims In the house the republicans now have 192 members They need to retain all of these or equivalent districts and gain 26 or the 218 which marks a clear majority The democrats with 235 members could lose a net of 17 and still maintain control There are 6 vacancies and Z minor par ies now represented among the 35 house places In the senate the republicans must make a proportionately arger gain of 10 since they now lold only 39 of the 96 places Democrats with 56 could lose 7 nd keep their majority organiza ion intact Both parties are fight ng for the seat of Senator Robert LaFollette who wasdefeated in the republican irimary Ninetyseven candidates are in he field for 34 senate seats which vill be filled in Tuesdays election There are 880 contestants for tie 432 house seats at stake and 18 for the 33 governorships now held by 16 democrats and 17 re ublicans Maine already nas returned Senator Owen Brewster R for another 6year term kept its 3 house seats in the GOP column nd reelected Gov Horace A Hildreth Party leaders prepared to turn o the radio Monday night to wind p a campaign that generally has teen marked by skimpy crowds at Olitical rallies and by outward pathy of the voters to candi ates appeals on formal issues Most observers have calculated hat the election will be settled by le size of what has been forecast s a protest vote against the Tru man administrations handling of neat and other controls and gen ral dissatisfaction with the pro ress of reconversion from war to eace Republicans have plugged this isue along with accusing the emocrals of linking themselves dth communists and of permit ing Henry A Wallace former ecretary of commerce to confuse e handling of foreign policy Although President Truman has emained silent democratic lead rs have thrown back the com unist charge at the republicans ave contended their opponents re to blame for cracking price ontrols and have asserted that epublican domination of congress rould hamper an early conclusion f a permanent peace in 16 States Determine Congress Control PRESIDENT NOT Peace Hopes Soar in TWA Pilot Strike Washington Medi ator Frank P Douglas Monday announced a tentative agreement which he said might lead to an early end of the 15day strike of Trans World Airline pilots Douglas said opposing sides had accepted In principle his pro posal for arbitration of wage and other differences and arranged meeting here Monday morning to complete the details A few points remain to be clari fied the mediator said When thai is done he said he expects termi nation of the walkout which has halted the companys international operations and thrown 15000 other employes out of work This proposed agreement would provide that the 1400 pilots go back to flying while demands for higher pay for 4engine plane flyers and for revised working rules are submitted to a pane whose decision would be binding David L Behncke president of the AFL Air Line Pilots associa tion accepted the arbitration offer by telegram and also sent a letter Douglas saia giving his interpre tation of some of the points cov ered Jack Frye TWA president also offered his interpretation of some points the mediator said and the 2 views will be reconciled in con ferences These discussions probably will be between John M Dickerman Washington attorney for the un ion and a company official TWA officials have said that some flying operations along the companys 28000 miles of routes could be started as soon as the pilots agreed to return to work but that it would take a few days to get system back to normal Name Towan Kochester Minn Reu ben H Flocks of Iowa City Iowa Saturday was named to the ex ecutive board of the North Cen tral section of the American Uro logical association Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair and continued cold Monday night with freezing temperatures Tuesday fair slowly rising temperature west and central portion Low Mon day night 20 northwest to 30 southeast High Tuesday 55 Mason City Fair and continued cold Monday night with lowest temperature about 25 Tuesday fair with slowly rising tempera tures Minnesota Fair and continued cold with freezing temperatures Monday night Low Monday night 22 to 26 Tuesday fair with rising temperatures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics 24 hour period ending oclock Monday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday Heavy frost YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum at 8 44 26 31 31 12 GlobeGazette weather statis ics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday 46 40 40 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 44 20 YOUNG SAMPSON PLAYS atschool in Chicago makes fun of the long tresses of George Estrada Jr 13 He plays baseball as a favorite sport and last year his team won a district championship At left George takes a swing with the bat while his brother Raul 11 acts as catcher At right he combs the locks which have never been cut Mason Cityans Have 13 Hours in Which to Vote on Tuesday Polls Open at 7 a m and Close at 8 p m for City Balloting TRUSTEESHIP BATTLE IN UN British Accuse Russia of Pigeonholing Pacts Lake Success N Y Dattle of trusteeships opened in the United Nations Monday with Brit ain accusing Russia of pigeon loling trusteeship agreements and blocking the establishment of new system for administering territory taken from the enemy Ivor Thomas British delegate littcrly attacked Russia before the rusteeship committee after Prime Minister Jan Christiaan Smuts of he Union of South Africa argued for annexation of southwest Africa Our delegation was astonished o learn from Molotovs speech in he general assembly last week hat he was so illinformed on he subject of trusteeship agree ments Thomas said He referred o Molotovs charge that powers jolding mandates over former German territory had not taken a single step toward setting up UN rusteeships So far as Great Britain is con cerned every step has been tak en Thomas claimed He said that Britain had pre pared trusteeship agreements for all its mandated African territpr es and circulated copies to other governments including I may ay the Soviet government lowan Loses Arm Keosauaua he was duck hunting Sunday Donald ichlotfeldt 14 son of Mr and Mrs Harry Schlolfeldt of Keo sauqua was shot in the left arm when his gun accidentally dis charged The arm was amputated at the elbow Chrisfmas Sales to Increase 10 Per Cent Over Last Year Washington you fall intothe national Christmas shopping pattern this year you will Buy more things than ever before especially home appliances and similar hard goods despite the high prices youll have to pay This is the view of government officials generally They predict that the volume of things sold will be per hajss iff per cent greater than last rears record and that cash regis ers will show sales up 20 or 25 per cent Although the soaring buying curve has leveled off somewhat his fall storekeepers have been aying in goods hand over fist for he Christmas season Electrical appliances like toast ers percolators and similar items will be more plentiful but in such ilgh demand that stocks will be nadequate in most areas accord ng to the civilian production ad ministration There will be good toys and darn near enough of them one OPA official reported He added that metal and mechanical toys electric trains and similar prized Christmas items will be available in many areas but sky high in price Radios will be plentiful but other large household items will continue scarce Refrigerator out put is rising steadily but still is 25 per cent below prewar elec tric and gas range production has dropped because the enamelstock steel which they require is going into bath tubs and sinks for the housing program Mason City voterswill have 13 hours in which to cast their ballots Tuesday while the voters in the rest of the county will have to get the job done between 8 a m and 8 p m The polls in Mason City open at 7 a m in accordance with state law The same polling places will be used as in the June primary elec tion In Mason City the voting places are as follows list precinct 1st administration building 2nd precinct 1st works 1st precinct 2nd honse 2nd precinct 2nd Kinley school 1st precinct 3rd hall 2nd precinct 3rd velt school 1st precinct 4th rolet garage 2nd precinct 4th Iowa Farm store 706 S Federal No election returns are available until the polls close at 8 p in Since machines are being used through out the county the returns should be coming in soon after however National state and local returns will be brought to North lowans asthey come in by radio station KGLO starting with a CBS elec tion preview at 5 p m and con tinuing with bulletins as returns come in after 8 p m and until midnight Clayton Worhson chairman of the Junior Chamber of Commerce GetOuttheVote campaign will speak over KGLO Monday evening at on The Duties of a Citi zen Resume Negotiations in Case Company Stake Racine Wis vill be resumed Tuesday between officials of the J I Case Farm Squipment Co and striking CIO United Automobile Workers it was announced Monday Arnold W Brady director of ndustrial relations for the firm said the union ceased what we considered illegal picketing Mon day and as result we have offered 0 resume bargaining with local 180 UAWCIO Byrnes Takes Over Dalestine Problem New York of itate Byrnes notified British For eign Minister Bevin Monday that le is taking over the handling of he Palestine problem from Presi dent Truman and indicated a new American willingness to help the Jritish work out with the Jews and Arabs a solution of the Holy problem There is apparently no change n nutritive value of foods due to reezinp them 9 PERSONS DIE IN AUTO WRECK Mother and Prematurely Born Baby Are Killed WilkesBarre Pa Nine persons including a young mother her husband and their premature ly born baby died Sunday when 2 automobiles crashed headon and burst into flames at nearby Dallas burning 8 of the cars occupants so badly that identification was impossible for hours afterwards Luzerne County Coroner Lewis S Reese identified the victims as Mrs Jean Moyer 20 her hus band Chester 21 and their baby born prematurely in the crash Sgt Gilbert VanKirk 23 Forty Fort Pa home on leave from the army George Jones Jr 21 Kingston Pa a veteran on terminal leave Frances Lavelle 18 Kingstown Pa and her cousin Jane Lavelle 17 Scranton Pa Glen Bilbert 21 Beaumont Pa Richard Denmon 19 Aldcrson Pa State Police Sgt LeRoy Thomas said Hilbert and Denmon had left WilkesBarre in one car when they encountered the 2nd car bearing the others who were re turning from a recreation spot at Harveys Lake Two friends of Hilberts who were riding in another car behind the auto in which Hilbert was rid ing said they rushed to the scene of the crash immediately after it occurred but were unable to ap proach the wreckage the intense heat because of British Author to Talk Des Moines Wel ocfc British author journalist and former member of parliament will speak at the Iowa Education as sociation convention here next Thursday night in place of U S Senator Alben W Barkley of Ken tucky who cancelled his address because of his wifes illness Big 4 Powers Tackle Last Peace Issues New York an oval white pine table high in a sky scraper hotel the big 4 foreign ministers meet Monday to tackle the last great issues blocking the peace of eastern Europe and to try if they can to make a start on settling the future of Germany Secretary of State Byrnes For eign Ministers Molotov of Russia and Bevin of Britain and Deputy Foreign Minister Gouvc de Mur ville of France agreed to open their sessions at 3 p m CST There was some chance that Byrnes might meet one or more of the others for informal talks beforehand Their presence here and that of the 51member United Nations as sembly made this city for the time being the diplomatic center of the world and an arena in which Rus sia and the western powers may test to the limit their ability to solve critical issues of peacemak ing and peacekeeping The assembly now operating through committees rather than in formal sessions already was kneedeep in such problems as what to do about Franco Spain and how to handle vigorous small nation attacks on the veto system Both these issues seemed certain to have high priorities on the as semblys 65item agenda The assigned task of the for eign ministers is to put into final shape peace treaties for Italy Fin land Hungary Romania and Bul garia These treaties together with those eventually to be writ ten for Germany and Japan are designed to build out of the poli tical wreckage of World War II the peace whichthe United Na tions was organized to make permanent and secure But like the United in whose sessions some of them may occasionally foreign ministers have to meet and resolve major controversies before they can count their tasks accomplished The main disputes left over from the 21nation peace conference which ended at Paris Oct 20 are Trieste navigation of the Danube and democration of the frontier between Bulgaria and Greece Recess Soft Coal Talks Without Comment as Wildcat Stakes Spread Washington govern ment and John L Lewis United Wine Workers talked for more han 2 hours Monday about UMW demands for more pay while wild cat strikes spread in the soft coal fields The talks then were recessed until Wednesday without com ment Navy Capt N H Collisson aft er the session with the UMW ne gotiating which is was conspicuously refused to tell reporters the status of discussions or reason for the ong recess A scattering of wildcat walkouts which harked the beginning of the negotiations Friday meanwhile grew in numbers The solid fuels administration reported that 8259 miners and 56 mines were idle in southern West Virginia eastern Kentucky and Tennessee compared to 5700 in 42 mines Friday Keep knives in a wall rack or a special place in a drawer where they may not expose you to cuts US China Sign 1st Trade Pad in More Than 100 Years Washington United States and China Monday signed their first comprehensive trade treaty in more than 100 years and U S officials emphasized that it was not made to bolster the national ist government of Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek The treaty was signed at Nanking Sunday Nanking It is he first basic accord between 2 nations since 1844 in the days of the Yankee Clipper It must be ratified by the U S senate and by the Chinese legisla ive Yuan When ratified it will in force for 5 there after until one nation gives a years notice of intent to terminate t State department officials called he treaty this governments first modern postwar trade pact They pointed out that disputes arising mder the agreement would be re erred to the international court of ustice for settlement Officials made It plain that the ntcnt of the treaty is not to sup port Chiangs regime against the Chinese communists Its main pur pose is to insure equal trade rights and opportunities for individuals and business concerns of both countries The document assures that Chi nese and American businessmen will receive no less favorable treatment than is accorded na tions of any 3rd country in cus toms shipping taxes and rights to seek business Officials said the full benefits of the treaty would not be felt until peaceful conditions are reestab lished in China pointing out that normal trade activities are impos sible with a nation split by civil warfare LIKELY TO TALK AS VOTE HEARS Truman Again Makes Stand for Trusteeship of Pacific Islands Independence Mo pects of an llth hour presidential appeal to the nations voters faded Monday as President Truman clung to his sideline role while his party organization fought the bat tle of ballots for democratic con trol of congress in Tuesdays elec tion With a speech now apparently definitely out of the picture Pres idential Press Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters an election eve statement by Mr Truman back home to vote had not even been discussed Meanwhile however the presi dent was on record for the 2nd time in favor of exclusive United States trusteeship of captured Pa cific Island bases deemed vital to the countrys security Speaking through Secretary Ross the president Sunday reaf firmed the Pacific base policy he enunciated at a news conference January 15 At that time the president said that the United States would tion the United Nations for auth ority to conduct the sole trustee ship of the island bases within the U N framework as long as they are needed The policy advocates U N collective trusteeship for bases not vital to American de fense Mr Truman arranged to visit Kansas City for lunch Monday in his penthouse apartment of the Hotel Muehlenbach with his staff Ross said he would talk there with a few visitors before driving to Grandview Mo for the 3rd time to visit with his mother The mother Mrs Martha E Truman will go to the polls Tues day the president said despite her 93 years Mr Truman told reporters his mother had informed him Sunday she will vole the straight demo cratic ticket The president Mrs Truman and their daughter Margaret will vote at Independence OPA INCREASES PAINT PRICES Agency Says Soap Must Get Hike or Decontrol Washington ff OPA raised prices of most paints Monday by 31 cents to a gallon Agency offcials also said soap prices must be increased or de controlled The increase on paints was granted because of higher costs of linseed oil which was freed from ceilings Oct 29 Most of the products that go into soap also have been decon trolled The paint increases are effec tive Monday at the manufactur ers level and may be passed on by all resellers until they reach consumers The OPA announcement said the higher paint ceilings are de signed to remove any price im pediment to production of the supply of paints needed for the veterans housing program OPA promised to watch market prices of linseed oil to determine if further price action will be needed OPA announced the increases apply on all trade sales those sold over the on the intermediate oleoresinous liquids used as grinding vehicles in manufacture of paint Accident Injuries Are Fatal to Davenport Man Davenport Akin 78 who was struck by an automo bile Friday night died in a hos pital Sunday Coroner Frank C Keppy said the mans death would be consid ered a traffic fatality although his physician said death was due to natural causes Read The United States Army Message Today on Page 5 ;