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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 4, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMJ T or ABCUJ uff i MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS Associated Press and United Press Fittl Leased Wi Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 4 1913 Tliis Paper Consists of Two SectJan One Ickes Says Increased Miners Pay to Mean Higher Price for Coal Washington agreement reached between the government and the united mine workers ct America for increased pay in the nations coal to end an almost total work stoppage HUGE ARMADAS OF PLANES HIT GERMAN CITIES will necessarily mean an increased consumer price for coal Interior Secretary Ickes said Thursday Ickes again the U S mine ad ministrator under government seizure of the pits told his press conference that he will very like ly ask the office of price admin istration to raise piices to meet the increases granted the work era Wednesday night subject to war labor board approval He did not say how much the increases should be but esti mates by other sources have ranged from 15 to 45 cents a ton There was only a trickle of immediate response in the fields Thursday to the tentative agree ment and John L call for a return to work but most work ings expected to get back on regu lar schedule by Monday Ickes commented I think the clouds have lifted aiid well go ahead without any more coal dis turbance Ickes also threw out RAF Loses 19 Aircraft in Widespread Night Assaults on Nazis Londou fleet of RAF heavy bombers hammered the German industrial cities of Dusseldor and Cologne Wedncs that the government might keep possession of the mines seized for a 2nd time last Monday until the miners and private operators have signed a contract The agree ment reached Wednesday night between Ickes and UMW Presi dent Lewis applies only to the period of government operation The secretary presumed the operators and Lewis now will coutinue to negotiate for a con tract He refused to say whether the government would be willing to restore the mines before such an agreement is reached bui then pointed out that the Con nallySmith labor disputes act says seized properties must so back to their owners within 60 days after productive efficiency is attained He noted some people would think productive efficiency would have to be prefaced by peace in the mines and observed the coun try is about 40000000 tons behind in coal stockpiles Before full pro duction is resumed this may go above 45000000 he said Ickes addressed the policy com mittee of the united mine work ers for 10 minutes Thursdaymorn ing and told them it is up to us now to get more and more coal out Released from the grip of a paralyzing 3day strike by the gov ernment agreement to increase bi tuminous miners earnings at least SI50 a day or about for a 6day week the mines appeared headed back toward regular pro duction Many however did not start up at once and the reasons advanced from the fields were varied In some plJces it was a case of not having notices in time to ready the workings or Thursdays shifts Elsewhere union locals were called to take r vote Some opera tors said they needed further clarification of the situation Lewis told his men to go back to work at once advising them a satisfactory agreement had been reached with Mine Boss Ickes While the latest crisis was in process of settlement Senator Byrd described the walkout as a violation the Con nallySmith acts antistrike pro visions and demanded that Lewis be punished like any other citi cn who has defied his government in time of war Byrd stated that all officials of tiie government treat John Lewis with such awe and unctious defer ence as to make the ordinary citi zen wonder Upon what meat doth this our Caesar Teed that he had grown so The war labor board was con sidering the IckcsLewis agree ment Thursday Anthracite workers are allowed an additional 378 cents a dav under the pact Added to the 322 cents allowed by the WLB last week under its little steel formula the total cash increase is 70 cents a day Concessions approved by the WLB in the form of free tools are not included in either totals They are estimated to be worth 20 to 25 cents a day for all min ers The bituminous sections of the agreement provides the same earnings as were proposed in he Illinois contract which the WLB rejected The new pact proposes to meet the WLBs terms how ever by cutting the 30minute lunch period in half and adding the quarterhour thus saved to the productive day at timeami a half The new soft coal work day i hours portal to portal Eight hours of this is measured as pro ductive time and threequarters of an hour 35 ravel time The oki 7hour lime The effect on the miner is this He receives S850 a day instead of S7 and agrees to dig coal an hour longer for the increase This is consonant with the old contract which provided time and a half after 7 hours a day These earn ings for illustrative purposes ap ply to the man receiving the basic wage He is an inside day laborer and his pay is virtually the mini mum for ablebodied under ground men Miners on a higher set a proportionately higher incrcase Allies Crack Nazi Mountain Defense Lines Before Rome Bombers Sink 3 Destroyers 8 Cargo Vessels at Rabaul GROUP SLASHES U S AGENCIES FUND REQUESTS day was all productive day night in a swift sequel lo a smashing daylight attack on Wil helmshaven by the largest force of American aircraft ever thrown against the reich The main blow was concen trated on Dusseldorf making that big Ruhr armament center prob ably the worlds most heavily bombed city to Hamburg while a diversionary assault by a smaller force was made on Co logne on the Rhine Mosquitos also bombed objectives in the Ruhr aud Rhineland Nineteen aircraft were lost in the nights operations which ini eluding minelayihg in German waters and intruder patrols over targets in France and the low countries Four enemy aircraft were destroyed by the bombers Dispatches from Stockholm quoted the Social Demokraten as saying more than 1000 persons were killed in Tuesdays attack by the United States heavy bomb ers based in the Mediterranean theaters on Weiner Neustadt Austria The size of previous attacks on Dusseldorf Wednesdays record American strike at Wilhelmsha ven and the fact that the RAF has had 2 weeks of bad weather in which to prepare Wednesday nights offensive hinted that it may have been the greatest ef fort yet The steel manufacturing cen ter of 500000 received a packet of 2000 long tons of explosives in its nexttolast raid on May 23 and on June 11 was hit by the RAFs biggest heavy bomber force up to that time The air ministry described the new attack as concentrated and effective and a greatly weakened German defense was indicated in the loss of only 19 raiding air carft in that and the other opera tions Dusselclorf Germanys 3rd ranking inland port is the site of the great Rhcinmetal iron and steel works almost comparable lo Krupps at Essen as well as Ver einigte Stahhverke one of Ger manys big four industrial out fits The great armadas of American unofficially to total more than 1000 including fighters Wednesday made the north sea port and naval base of Wilhelmshaven the chief target The fortresses and liberators were escorted all the way by thunder bolts and lightnings The number of heavy bombers participating was not disclosed but the largest previous reported American heavy operation in volved 400 planes making it ap pear that 500 or more were sent against Willielmshaven FiVc heavy bombers and 2 fighters were lost It was the 7th United States at tack on this strategic naval and shipbuilding base and an official announcement said the load oE Wednesday was all the previous It Ihe 1st lime I realized the full meaning of air power declared 1 fortress waist gunner who had been on several major missions Capt Marvin D Lord of Mil jvaukcc Wis a squadron com mander said 4engined bombers were flying along like a naval ar mada We must haVe been spread out for 20 miles when the bombs started dropping The bomber gunners shot down IB German fighters while the thunderbolts and lightnings were EMtOUTE HOME sight of nonenemy land brings scores of of allied nations to the rail of the Japanese liner Teia Mam as it clocks at Mmmugon Por tuguese India Then 1500 passengers 1100 of them Americans have been exchanged for Japanese nationals heid by the allies The allied men women and children interned for many months in Nipponese camps boarded the S S Gripsolm at Monnugoa to return to tne Occident Reds Nearing Kherson bombs dropped greater than in raids contest for governor of Unofficial reports from all but 306 of the states precincts gave Willis 256833 votes to 251595 for Donaldson Among the uureport ed precincts were 250 in Jefferson county which nor mally is democratic but in which Willis was leading by 289 votes Although Donaldson was trail ing Willis the remainder of the democratic nominees for state wide offices held a slight lead over their republican opponents on the basis of returns from near ly as many precincts as reported in the governor1 race Democratic leaders did not con cede the election Willis Ashland attorney and former judge of the state court of appeals took the 1st lead but Donaldson Carrollton lawyer and banker and former state highway commissioner forged ahead and held his advantage until Wednes day afternoon At one time Donaldson was 12 000 votes ahead Then Willis be gan a steady climb which put him out in front in tile closest gub ernatorial contest Kentucky has seen in more than 25 years The last republican governor in Kentucky was Flcm D Samp son who served from 191G to bagging 16 others It lightnings 1st mission was the escorting heavy bombers in thip theater and tiie new combination hailed as a great success Other 8th air force operations Wednesday including marauder attacks on 3 nazi air bases in France and Holland brought Ger man plane losses for the day to 48 This was exclusive of 2 reported down over England during the night as the nazis staged another light nuisance raid Some damage and casualties were reported Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy COSSACKS LASH RETREATING FOE Russians Report Nazis Abandon Much Materiel By EDDY GILMORE Moscow whole Ger man position in south Russia crew worse by the hour Thursday as the red army reached the lower reaches of the Dnieper river ir strentlh at numerous places and approached the port of Kherson at its mouth In other sectorssoviet bombers and storriivik planes blasted hundreds of Germans try ing to make Iheir way to the westI cm bank London battered rem nants of Field Marshal von Mann steins once proud army of the Ukraine are fast being turned into a disorganized warweary mob in their flight across the marshy Nogaisk steppes of southern Rus sia toward the Bug river defense line Russian advicts indicated Thursday Paced by sabrewielding Cos sack cavalrymen red army mobile columns were slashing at the heels of the retreating enemy and Thursday were beliexcd to be nearins the eastern outskirts of Kherson Black sea port at the mouth of the Dnieper river Wednesday a Moscow commun ique said they stormed and cap tured BolshoiKapahy on the KhersonPerekop railway 21 miles east of Kherson and a scant 15 miles from the town of Aleshki east bank bridgehead at the Kherson crossing Indications of the complete de moralization of the Germans were given by the Russian commun ique which said the enemy vas abandoning thousands of their dead and huge stores of war equipment as they poured across the Dnieper river to the west The swiftchargim Cossacks and red army motorized columns were pictured as cutting through the Germans as they streamed back from the Ukraine while sov iet planes pounded the nais un ceasingly from the air Carnage was especially heavy at the Dniep er crossings leading to Kherson the Moscow building said Wednesdays advance of 10 miles netted the red army towns in the Stcnpe rciioii be tireen Ihc Dnieper and Karlqnit j of lhe statc legislature bay on the Black sea Moscow said More than 3000 11 AL t V were reported killed in this sector WatCM IS ADOUl Tear alonc ID L I T T f Another 1500 enemy troops j DCninC lime 10 Lat wore slain inside the Dnieper bend to the north where red Ir In Mannp af army columns plunging southwest irmtnie H jof Dnepropetrovsk captured 7 vil lages rounded up hundreds ofi Minneapolis Pvt prisoners and huge dumps Stuart D Signfoos wrist watch is tnnks guns and other war gear I aJoul yew behind time but it the soviet bulletin declared Nazi counter attacks were beaten back on all parts of the advance German prisoners were quoted by the Russians as saying that Willis GOP Leads in Race for Governor of Kentucky Louisville Ky his advantage throughout the night Simeon S Willis republican continued Thursday to lead his democratic opponent J Lyter Donaldson bv 5231 voles in their S S WILLIS The democratic nominee lo Kether with United States sen ate Majority Leader Alben W Barkley and other democratic leaders said before theelection that a republican victory would be a repudiation of President Roosevelts leadership of Ihe nation durinjr the war They also claimed the republican slate ticket represented the spirit of isolationism Wiilis declared the charges were only a smokescreen to hide what he termed the democratic state machines misrule at Frank fort the capital He said many former democrats were joining the republicans to end regime rule in Kentucky Unofficial and incomplete re turns indicated the democrats again would control both houses of the Kentucky general assem on j bly bin hardly with the vittis strength hey had during the Baby Is Recovering After Head Is Run Over by Oil Truck Fairmont Minn R L Parsons Monterey said Thursday that 17 months old BlaryJa Grolhs survival after her head was run over by a loaded oil truck could be attributed to the infant softness of her bones The tot daughter of Mr nnd Mrs John Grotii farmers norili of Triumph Minn was brought home Wednesday after spending only I day at ihc Fairmont Community hospital where her injuries were diagnosed as only a minor skull fracture Buy War Savings Bonds and OftEmbattled OWI Escapes Bone Removing Operation in Bill Washington skeleton ike remnants of a 31196428749 catchall appropriations bill emerged from the house defici ency subcommittee T h u r s ct a y slashed by 82 per cent in a con gressional economy u total of Aftermath of j weeks of day indnight scrutiny into the re quests of almost 2scorc govern ment agencies for extra funds the measure was approved by the full appropriations committee with proposed allocutions reduced drastically others elim inated entirely Escaping the bone removing description which came from Chairman Cannon IJiUo the oftembattled office of war information was granted its reouest for an ad ditional after top ranking military chiefs highly praised its war work The biggest single cut was in refusing the navys request for an additional 5750000000 for its stock fund capital Instead the committee suggested transfer to the fund of that amount from previous appropriations for navy ordnance Opening the way resumption of a battle over the future ofthe farm security administration the committee turned down that agencys request for S6500000 for salaries and expenses and denied its request for authority to bor row more for operat ing loans to farmers Even as the committee stressed economy without danger to the war effort it touched upon the problem of disposing of large qtrantities of surplus war mate rial which no longer is needed Unless congress makes some definite provision in the near future the report said there is likely to he a recurrence of the situation of World war I where larsc surpluses were in the hands of individual agen cies with no coordination of the efforts of all of them as a single problem Among the biggest reductions were 55707500 in the amount sought by Paul McNiitts war manpower commission S3545000 from the federal security agency from the office of cdu j cation 8150000000 from war housing from the in terior department and 51663500 from the treasury department The eliminations ranged from S7f00000 for an emergency gtiaytile rubber project to a 510000 item to provide n polished base for a status of Sir William Blackstonc of ieaal fame Others included S3900000 for a tcnclicr tiiiining program 52800000 for water conservation and utility proiccts The only boost over the amounts recommended by the budget bureau was in the account Stamps from carrier boy your GlobeGazette many of their intantry companies had been reduced to an average of 15 to 20 men apince the Moscow bulletin reported aboul to catch up with Pxt Sigii foos at last His parents Mr and Mrs Amos K Sigifoos Minneapolis mailed the watch to him for a Christmas DOWNED Z FLAXES London P Second Lt Robert L Buttke of Newton Iowa pilot gift more lhan year ago Stuart had been on Guadalcanal but when the watch arrived Sigafoos wounded had been taken to New Zealand The watch came back here and the parents mailed it to Now Zea land Stuart and the watch must have crossed paths somewhere in the Pacific Stuart came back to ing one of the P38 lightnings the United States So did the which cscored the largest force of watch recently and Mr and Mrs heavy American bombers ever Sigafoos Thursday mailed it for sent out shot down 1 enemy Ihc third time to their son who j planes in connection with Wedi now is stationed at San Diego nesdays raid on Northwestern I is expected lo be there long enough I Germany to get the gift Weather Report FORECAST Msoii City Cloudy Thursday night a n d Friday Warmer Thursday night All tempera tures above freezing Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday becoming cloudy with showers north and west portions Friday night or Saturday Not quite so cold Thursday night No important change in temperature through Saturday Minnesota C 1 o IT ti y Thursday nisht mid Friday with occasional snouflurries northwest and oc casional light rain northeast late Thursday night and Friday warmer south and central little change in temperature north Thursday night cooler north infl central little change in temperature extreme south Fri day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 53 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a in Thursday 29 YKMl AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 32 nt the house of representatives itself The committee pared 52500 from the house contingency expenses but added S20000 for of deceased mem bers Out of the 1601 printed page Ininscript of hearings and from the formal report of the com mittee itself came these high lights 1 The office of war information said the report was a large fac tor in the delivery of the Italian fleet into allied hands practically intact More than 80 per cent of the German and Italian prisoners captured in Sicily admit being im pelled to give up by propaganda leaflets and broadcast Testimony by War Manpower Commissioner McNutl that there is from 20 to 25 per cent of un dcrntilizalinn of the nations 3 The annual repair bill of the American oceangoing merchant tonnage i approximately S5QO Approximately 550 ves sels arc in repair each week Approval of Sl000000 for emergency medical care to pro vide doctors principally in war industry areas where the number of civilian physicians and dentists is inadequate 5 Refusal lo approved for a study of control and eradi cation of soybean diseases S15 000 for experiments designed lo adapt he army jeep for farm uses and for experiments Other Planes Range Bougainville While Marines Make Gains Southwest Pacific Allied Head quarters IP Allied air might dispersed in strength at bases from which to strike hard and swiftly has blasted into twisted hulks the warships and transports Japan massed at Rnbaul to coun tersmash the northern Solomons invasion In a dazzling display of diversi fied power General MacArthurs big bomber force sank 3 destroy ers and 8 large merchantmen or transports at Rabivul Tuesday and ripped open the hull of a heavy cruiser while planes of Adm Wil liam F Halsey ranged lhe length of embattled Bougainville blow ing new holes in its unusable air fields Halseys units also dived and swirled in day lone battles lo keep Japanese planes away from the American marines driving enemy soldiers back into the jungles of Bougain villes west coast In all these operations nearly 100000 tons of Japanese shipping were sunk or damaged 129 ene my planes were destroyed or crip pled and more than 200 tons of explosives tore into the enemys power to resist Under such formidable air cov er the drive to oust the Japanese from the rest of the Solomons and lunge at Rabaul gained ground The marines killing more than 135 Japs at a cost of about 50 of their own men expanded the beachhead won Monday at Em press Augusta bay on ville In coordinated invasion opera tions to the south American and New Zealand troops on tiny Treasury island scattered its 200 Jap defenders in the jungles am hunted them down over trails stained with enemy blood On Choiseul American paratroop ma rines captured the barge depot 01 Sangigai and chased fleeing Japs toward the southeastern end o the island Admiral II a 1 s y jubilantly called the operations the flex ing springboard for the longer jumps ahead He declared the allies now are able to hit hard er faster more often and in more places than the Japanese ever dared think possible and that appearance of the Japa nese fleet would brine nearer the day for the march through Tokyo Tuesdays ftabaul smash was devastating More than ISO Mitch ells and lightnings swept in to strike for 45 minutes at vessel the Japanese had rushed down from Trnk for counterinvasion action Twentysix ships nearly every one in Rabauls huge harbor eith er were sunk or damaged Fiflj thousand tons were represcntec in the 3 destroyers 8 large mer chant ships and 4 small coastal vessels sunk One heavy cruiser was left listing with a large hole in the hull A 2nd took a di rect hit Seven large merchant vessels aggregating 30000 tons an 8000 ton tanker and anothei of 6000 tons were knocked oul of action Japanese resistance was fierce both by 150 fishlrrs and by antiaircraft batteries Despite tliat the score was at least 85 to in favor of the allies ItKht iiitiKs shot down at least U of Ihe interceptors and probably sot 10 more The Mitchells baged at least 26 and possihly 39 in the air in addition to dc stroyinc 18 parked planes Nine Mitchells and 10 lightning were lost but 3 bomber crew and 2 fighter pilots were saved The entire shipping area wa a scene of utter wreckage and de struction General MacArthur headquarters reported Twentyone Jap fighters and n bomber were shot down and other planes probably destroye the day long fights near the Bou gainville beachhead Meanwhile big forces of bomb crs tore up the already inopcra live enemy fields of Kahili anc Kara in the bypassed area southern Bougainville with 18 tons of explosives and the Buk bases iut north of Bougainville with 2B tons SERNIA ROAD JUNCTION WON BY 8TH ARMY Montgomery Captures Important Point With Bold Night Attack Allied Headquarters Algiers iP Allied headquarters an iounced Thursday night the cap tire of Isernia mountain road unction in the central front The fall of the vital inland cen sr on the road from Foggia to Ibmc brought Gen Sir Bernard Montgomerys gth army lo ittiin 90 miles of he Italian cap tal after a swift 7 mile advance nd a bold night attack Marshal Erwin Rommels moun ain line was falling to pieces fast under the combined blows of the allied 5th and 8th armies Montgomerys British and Canadians fought their way into he town driving the Germans be ore them at 3 a m Thursday On the allied left Lt Gen Marie W Clarks Americans and British wept the Germans off their last strongholds on Mount Massico and San Croce in gains of 5 to t miles on a 10mile front advancing to within 85 miles of Rome and browing the enemy back in a atcady retreat across the broad arigliano valley The allied wedse thrown into Isernia threatened the whole Ger man defense system in the center and cut the lateral communica tions of the Rommel forces which liavo been fiehtinjt alone the Trisno on the Adriatic side of the Italian peninsula Isernia is the center of the only good lateral road connecting the 2 wings oC the German front and the Germans apparently will have to fall back 60 miles tofind an other good road system to sup port their front Earlier headquarters had an nounced that Montgomerys troops were forging ahead in nearly all sectors and had captured Caslel petroso less than 7 miles south east of Isernia At the end of the day Wednes day by steadily rooting out nests of resistance Clarks warriors were astride the main coastal road to Rome at a point beyond Sessa Aurunca between the 2 moun tains In addition to Sessa Aurunca the pursuing British and Ameri cans also had occupied Hoccamon fiua 5 miles northwest of Teano at the foot of San Croce and Pre scnzLino northwest of Snn Croce and only 5 miles southeast of Mignano The 8th army if MonlKomcrj forced new crossings of the TriK 110 river on the Adriatic front but a savage battle raged around its original bridgehead at the railway station of San Salvo where the nazis threw and artillery into repeated attempts to hurl the British back over the barrier At least 20 Mark IV special tanks participated in the enemys desperate but futile counterat tacks and at the end of a day oC bloody fighting Montgomery had driven them all back and gained some ground and taken a consid erable number of German pris oners As the British waves swept over SI Massico and British and Amer icans rolled across San Croce the Germans left behind a scene of devastation aimed at impeding the advance until a new defense line can be established perhaps with the towering Aurunci moun tains beyond the Garigliano as a hinge Examination of the newly cap tured positions showed the Ger mans had spent B weeks in the feverish building of heavily gunncd fortifications in the hope of making them impregnable bastions to increase the yield of titipcn tine 6 Disclosure by Laurence A Knapp liaison officer of the emer gency advisory committee for po litical defense that the navis were engaged in a blackmailing racket in Latin America extorting money from in exchange people down there for releasing their relatives from Germany 7 An estimate by Brig Gen Frank Hincs chairman of the fed eral board of hospitalization that the requirements for hospital beds for war veterans at the end of this war will be approximately 300 000 or 3 times the end of the last war need at the 5 Big Army Planes to Stop at Burlington for Air Power Show TSurliiiKlon OTi At least 5 big army planes will stop here cnroutc to the Fighting fronts during the Burlington air power show Nov 13 and 14 f T Sheridan of Chicago bus informed the Cham ber of Commerce Major Sheridan who will attend the show marking completion of the Burlington airport enlarge ment said he hopes to have a fly ing fortress a B17 on display H one of those is not available a B24 known as the liberator will be shown There also will be B25 the type used on the Tokyo raid B47 thunderbolt P51 mustang n pV23 primary trainer and possibly a B26 Mitchell mau raudcr ;