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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 03, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pita and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NOVEMBER 3 1945 Latest College FOOTBALL RESULTS Iowa Wisconsin Navy Notre Dame Michigan Minnesota Ohio State Northwestern Purdue Pittsburgh Indiana Cornell la Illinois Great Lakes i Army I Villanova V Columbia Cornell ra Iowa State Kansas State Eyewitness Tells Condition of Nazi Prisoners Returned to American Army by French EDITORS following eyewitness dispatch was writ ten by Associated Press Correspondent Mel Most who spent 15 months in a German internment camp after his capture In the Ger man oceopstten of Vichy Most released under an agreement i Associated Press Correspondent Crontoy France first Germanprisoners of war returned to TJ S army control by the French have been classified as unfit to work by American medical authorities and from personal examina tion I canreport that many of them look almost like corpses resur rected from the horror camps of their own fatherland The former German soldiers who had been turned over to the French as laborers are being taken back by the Americans under a project identified by the army code name Operation Skinny They were called back after international Red Cross charges that they were being treated below standards set by international convention The charges resulted in Gen Eisenhower halting more transfers to the French and then agreeing to take back those unfit for labor The French have insisted most of them were returned in the same condition in which they had been received One group of 1151 prisoners arrived Friday It was a beggar army of pale thin men clad in vermininfested tatters U S sources say the men had been adequately fed clothed shod and equipped with blankets when they were turned over to the French 4 months ago Associated Press Photographer Henry Griffin who took pictures of the piled corpses in every Ger man concentration from Buchenwald to Dachau looked at them and said The only difference I can see between these men and those corpses Is that here theyre still breathing All said they had not eaten in 2 days Four were brought in on stretchers A few were hospital ized immediately and fed intra venously The rest after a light meal filled out a questionnaire of their treatment by the French Then they were deloused given blankets and assigned to winter ized tents screening to await medical New Rioting Flares Up in Cairo Strife Cairo flared anew In the center of Cairo Saturday Crowds roamed the streets at tacking Jewish and Arab shops indiscriminately Both the British and American military commands declared the city out of bounds for the 2nd straight day Military police cars ordered troopson leave to depart immediately The peaceful Sull which set in after 450 or more persons were killed or injured in Fridays anti Jewish attacks throughout Egypt ended in Cairo shortly after noon A mob of more than 100 men began smashing windows along Soliman Pasha and an adjoining street and the violence spread to other streets Five hundred steel helmeted police armed with wood en staves quickly cordoned off the area BRADLEY LASHES SURPLUS SALES Washington IF William S Bradley resigned Friday as direc tor of the office of surplus prop erty in the commerce department protesting revised regulations af fecting purchases of surpluses by veterans Bradley formerly was cohnecfec with the agricultural adjustmen administration and war food ad ministration and from 1934 to 1937 was state housing director b Iowa Bradleys office quoted him as saying that the whole surplus property setup as it affects veter ans is at variance with my con cept of sound business Bradleys office said he gave 2 reasons for his resignation 1 Under the revised regula tions veterans who formerly couli buy goods on the No 1 priority of the smaller plants corporation now must purchase on their own No 1priority This puts them be low federal state and muhicipa government priorities 2 The new regulations allow veterans to purchase single units example a single monkey wrench Because of the manpowe shortage Bradley contended thi system would prevent efficien service generally to the veteran SPUR SEARCH FOR 3 YEAR OLD BOY Downieville Cal o kidnaping voiced by wealth grandparents spurred the searc Saturday for blond blueeyed year old Dickie turn Suden miss ing since Thursday morning from his parents home in the ruggec Sierra Nevada Mother Lod country The childs maternal grand father A L Merritt Sr ot Berk eley Cal said Friday night I am afraid of screw ball maybe I also fear that if h Say They Will Quit When Kuomintang Troops Stop Fight Chungking commu ist headquarters spokesman here countered a central overnment peace proposal with ie announcement that when aU uomintang troops throughout the ountry are asked to stop fight ng the communists will do like vise The nationalist proposal was esigned to bring an immediate essation of hostilities K C Wu nformation minister said in an louncingearlier that the offer lad been made He said it con ained 4 concrete points but did tot name them The communist spokesman said the civil war has been wide pread throughout China The ighting should stop not only long the railways but from outh China to Bulutao in Man hufia The communists approve he proposal to replace commu nist troops with railway police irovided government troops with Iraw to a distance of 10 kilome ers as requested by the commu nists Communist charges that the United States is meddling in the guise of a policeman in Chinas nternal affairs were publicized amidst reports Saturday of the irst large scale fighting between Chinese reds and central govern nenttrbops pHntinetr tbe epmmtinist New China Baily News ook issue with Lt Gen Albert fVedemeyer commanding Ameri an forces in China General Wedemeyer said recently the mis sion of his troops in assisting the central government to take over torn the Japanese does not con stitute direct action against the reds New China Daily News called it active interference The newspaper mentioned the possibility of U S forces becom ng involved in armed conflict if they remain The army air force Victory Loan Airmada the most outstanding air show ever to visit North Iowa next hursday will bring to Mason City 2 different types Uncle Sams most uptodate combat planes vhich American bonds bought Honoring Victory bond buyers he Airmada will include a B29 Superfortress a B25 Billy litchell bomber a B17 Flying ortress a P38 Lightning Ighter a P47 Thunderbolt ighter a P51 Mustang fighter a A26 Invader light bomber i B24 Liberator bomber an AT6 trainer a C46 transport a 347 transport and a CG4A rlider These planes on tour of the na ion in connection with the bond drive will be open to public in pectibn at the airport it was an ounced but there will be no fly ng demonstrations Pilots and crew comprised in the main iverseas combat veterans will be in hand to conduct the tours and exjplainthe operation of the ships All of our citizens who are uying Victory bonds said B A Webster chairman of the commit ee on arrangements should make it a point to see these ships on exhibit Our bonds of the past bought these planes and helped win the victory and it is our Vic tory bonds which will help bring our men back from foreign lands as soon possible There will be 19 officers and 14 enlisted men with the Airmada including the following Capt Arthur W Owen Jr 25 Spokane Wash who flew Spit Fires and P51s in England and France from October 1943 to No vember 1944 Capt Owen was MASON CITYAN DIED AS POW Exhaustion Caused Death in Jap Gamp Sgt Ralph R Petersen son ol Mr and Mrs Martin iFetersen 1712 Delaware N E died in E Japanese prisoner of war camp ir the Philippine islands on May 19 1942 as a result of exhaustion ii was stated in a message receivec riere from the war departmen Friday Sgt Petersen was first reported missing in action on the Philip pines on May 25 1S4Z Later h was declared to have died th presumptive date of his death es tablished as May 8 1944 He hae entered the service in August A brother Raymond L Peter sen served 33 months overseas in the ETO theater and is now horn discharged from the service Bay your Victory Bonds ajid Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Airmada toVisit Mason City ThursdayTHREATEN USE COMMUNISTS OF Sfrfort OF PICKETS AT CHINA COUNTER Morsepiant PEACE MEETING PLAN ON PEACE was kidnapped harm may come to him hav Federal bureau of investigatio headquarters in San Francisc answered queries about the cas with a terse no comment NO 22 LABOR PARLEY UNDER FIRE northeast France and evaded cap ture for 4 months white he fought with the FFI and OSS troops CaptJames W Sain 26 Card weil Mo who waslead pilot of a B17 squadron in Europe from Oc tober 1944 to June 1945 Capt Robert P Senecal 27 Co lumbus Ohio with 800 flying hours piloting 8 different types of fighter planes over Africa Sicily and Italy 1st Lt Burdon L Davidson 24 pilot of a B24 in 1943 and 1944 bombing the enemy at New He brides Solomon Islands and the Admiralties 1st Lt Gerald T Lathrop 24 a B25 pilot overseas since Dec 19 1939 nearly 2 years of that time in the Caribbean 1st Lt J S Daniell 23 Birming ham Ala a P51 pilot oversea from May 1944 to April 1945 The only other stop to be made in the state by the Airmada will be at Iowa City SGT RALPH L PETERSEN SAYS IT ISNT TRUE Hollywood the poor movie star He spinneth but makes less than a good carpenter according to screen toughguy James Cagney Cagney reports that the majority of screen actors earn less than a year 25 per cent of all players less than a year FORT DODGE MAN HEADS TEACHERS Feeihaveris Elected in Iowa Convention Des Moines T Feel haver Fort Dodge Saturday wa elected president of the State Education association with E G Kelley Creston the runner up being named vice president Mrs Helen Anderson Clinton was chosen delegateatlarge a Saturdays session of the associa tions delegate assembly and Rob ert Lattenberg Des Moines wa named treasurer Kelleywas named vice presi when it was discovered tha approved revisions in the consti tutioi would not allow the assembly time to nominate a vice president under the new regulations 11 was agreed Friday night that the run nerup candi date for the pr esid enc y would become vice president With this election the as sociation was FEELHAVER complete with a new name leaders and a revised constitutio and bylaws The assembly Friday approvee a motion by G W Kirn principa Abraham Lincoln high schoo Council Bluffs to change th name of the association fromIow StateTeachers association to th Iowa State Education association CHEERFUL APPROACH Cleveland Eimei Wischmeiers advertising matche say I want 2 C U B A custome of mine Wischmeier is a funera director V Picketing of the E G Morse reduce plant in Mason City con tinued Saturday the management nd the packinghouse workers nion having failed to reach a set lement at a meeting held Friday fternoon Picketing of the plant started Tiursday morning in protest to ionpayment by the produce firm f a retroactive wage raise ordered by the war labor board for the from Feb 2 to July 19 leriod 944 The management maintains it ipes not owe the wage increase in lispute Workers at the plant notified he management Wednesday of he impending walkout in order hat shipment of turkeys might be stopped Art Costello president of he packinghouse union stated GENERAL YAMASHITA LISTENS TO Lt Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita former commander of Japanese forces in the Philippines seated at defense coun sels table listens intently to testimony during the first day of his trial in Manila P I Others unidentified AP Wirephoto Says Jap Command Issued fv Manila former Filipino collaborator told a militarytri sunal Saturday that the Japanese command issued an official order for the destruction of Manila and the massacre of its inhabitants when American liberationforces approached Although the witness did not specify who signed the massacre order he testified that Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita Japanese com mander in the Philippines in 1914 and 1945 rejected all pleas for its retraction with The order already has been given Im sorry but war is war The most damning evidence so far in the weeklong trial 01 Yamashita for his life for the slaughter of thousands of civilians dur ing the battle of Manila last ruarycame from the private sec retary of the Filipino revolution ary General Hicarte Yamashita listened to a transla ion of the testimony with a sickly grin on his face The secretary who identified limself only as Lapuz testified hat Hicarte twice i personally ileaded with Yamashita to halt he plundering murder in Manila on grounds that it was in luman Ricarle returned from the final lonference almost in tears and said Yamashita was convinced Fili pinos were antiJapanese and hcrefore enemies of Japan who should be wiped out as part of Japans overal strategy I have appealed to the heart of this man Lapuz quoted Ricarte He has no heart Lapuz said Hicarte went into exile in Hong Kong and Japan in 1901 after refusing to swear alle giance to the United States In 1942 he said the Japanese war department sent Ricarte to the Philippines to handle theirpacifi cation and organize the notorious antiAmerican Makapili society Even before the final massacre last February another witness said Yamashita sent a letter of congratulations to the commander of the Japanese garrison in Manila for his activities in suppressing guerillas around Manila A pretty 17yearold girl Jn lieta Milanes whose father and brother were killed at Aloid snouted so many recriminations at Yamashita that she had to be for cibly removed from the courtroom temporarily You still have the face to look at me she demanded of Yama shita as soon as she entered the witness box If I could get loose Id show you The tribunal rapped for order The bailiff gripped Miss Milanes tighter but she went on You laugh Look at you laugh You ought not to be hung You ought to be cut into small pieces Two portions of a chain of mountains in Kentucky are con nected by Natural Bridge in lfe county The bridge spans a chasm BO feet wide and 40 fee high and fed to the dogs Yamashita hurriedly removed his homrimmed glasses and peer ed intently at the witness Whether or not he could understand her English he obviously guessed the nature of her remarks Yugoslav General Dies London death oj Lt Gen Peter Grachin commander of the 1st Yugoslav tank army was announced by Belgrade radic I Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Saturday Lowest tempera ture 20 Sunday increasing cloudiness with rising tempera tures Iowa Fair and continued cold Saturday night Sunday increas ing cloudiness with rising tern peratures Shippers forecast Northern half 20 southern hal 25 Minnesota Partly cloudy anc continued cold Saturday night Sunday mostly cloudy with ligh snow beginning over north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at oclock Saturday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 20 At 8 a m Saturday 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 27 Precipitation Trace workers local The employment office was no ified to withdraw for the period if the walkout 10 war prisoners vorking at the plant The company and the union vere unable to agree on terms of he conlract commencing Feb 1 1944 Costello said This dispute was certified to the national war abor board and on July 191944 it vas decided by the regional war abor board at Kansas City The decision included the directive for a retroactive wage increase However the company appeal ed and on Dec 5 1944 the national war labor board at Washington affirmed the regional board and adopted its order However he company has failed to coniplj with the labor board decision and especially Has refused to comply with section 3 said decision With reference to retroactive pay All efforts of thenatjpnal ant regional war labor board to obtain compliance haveto date been o no avail The union has obeyed al terms of the boards directive in cluding those which were adverse to its interests and to the welfare of its employes The union insists that the company likewise obey all terms of the boards directive No strike vote was necessary in this instance under the provisions of the SmithConnolly act for the reason that the management has not putits position in the dispute in writing Costello said The dis pute involves 66 employes the union chief said Twentyone em ployes are involved in the strike KELLY PRAISES HENRY WALLACE Des Moines Mayor Ed ward J Kelly of Chicago Satur day praised Henry Wallace of Iowa as a prelude to the mayors speech Saturday night at the Iowa democratic states dinner At a breakfast for newsmen Kelly was asked about the action of former Gov Nelson G Kra schel of Iowa in refusing to at tend he dinner because Kelly didnt support Wallace for vice president at the 1944 democratic convention Kelly hesitated and looked down at the table cloth before saying that he hoped the 1944 situation was not held against him by the lowans he will address I thought the war was over he said I like Henry Wallace he con tinued Hes had breakfast at my place many times I hope lowans dont feel that way about me I dont think Henry Wallace does I have a high regard for him T think he is a statesman and a good man Reuther to Ask for Court Injunction H New Car Prices Rise BULLETIN Des Moines A Doty lational president of the United Brotherhood of Welders and Cut ters Unaffiliated said Saturday tie had telegraphed the unions Washington representative to pre pare to picket the labormanage ment conference opening in Wash ington Monday Be said handbills would be distributed in the vicin ity of the meeting place protesting discrimination against unaffilt ated unions which he said were not invited to participate in the conference Washington JP With the longawaited labor management peace conference only 2 days away one of the nations top labor leaders heaped fresh coals on the wageprice fire Saturday And a lesserknown leader pro testing that the independent unions are being ignored at the conference threatened that the big labor chiefs who attend U Monday will have to walk through picket lines Walter P Reuther vice presi dent of the CIO auto workers who are seeking a 30 per cent wage in crease said this 1 It is a national tragedy that the conference has omitted from its program the key question of wages and prices 2 He will ask for a court in junction to prevent OP A from granting any unwarranted in creases in new car prices over 1942 levels OPA is expected to announce the newcarprtces within a lew days Rentlierasserted at a news conference Friday the auto In dustry was pressuring OPA to get unnecessary price Increases Chairman Edward G Wilms of the independent unions of New Jersey protests at Paterson N J that nonaffiliated labor organiza tions had been given the brush off in the planning of the labor management meeting He said 1 John L Lewis Philip Murray William Green and other labor leaders will have to sneak in the back door or cross the picket line n order to be present at the con ference in Washington Representatives of more than a lalf million independent union workers from eastern states whose petitions to participate in the con erence have not been considered will be on the picket line Monday If President Truman and Mr Schwelienbach want labor har mony it will be necessary for hem to remember that working people not affiliated with the AFL or CIO must be represented at the onference It is understood that Philip Murray CIO president will try to place the wageprice problem on the conference program But it cannot be included unless industry is willing A U S cham ber of commerce spokesman said management generally would re sist any effort to bring up the question He said the conference should devote itself to procedures not issues Strikes At a Glance By UNITED PRESS Same 252000 U S workers including strikersand those idled by strikes were away from their jobs Saturday The major disputes maintenance employes of American export lines in New York returned to work Saturday ending a 10day walkout after the company agreed to negotiate contract demands conciliators renewed efforts to end a strike of 4000 drivers baggage handlers and maintenance which had tied up Greyhoundbus service in 18 eastern states Western Union telegraphers were at work again after a 5hour work stoppage in Detroit Philadelphia Hart ford Conn and Providence R I protesting a war labor board wage award operations at returned to normal when 700 AFL warehousemen clerks and shippers called off thei 13day walkout Some 2500 longshoremen had honored picket line thrown up during the strike AFL lumbermen in 5 western states announced determination to continue a fight for a industry wide hourly minimum despite a compromise wage settlement accepted by CIO lumber workers war shipping administration charged that B C i rrr J j it JJK war snipping administration charged that Saturday Marshal Tito ordered the 6day San Francisco machinists strike had delayed return of salvoes fired in Split Ljubljana 22290 Pacific veterans by halting repairs to troop ships S nlchGlichins 1000 I la rs o roop sps rc rn 18000 CIO glassworkers remained on strike against 12 i 5 i Sfte funend and Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co plants after a will be held in Belgrade breakdown in contract negotiations New Brazil Rule Survives First Crisis Rio De Janeiro new Brazilian government of President Jose Linharcs survived a major political crisis Saturday brought on when Gen Eurico Caspar Du tra candidate for the presidency in the Dec 2 elections threatened to withdraw over the proposed removal of a state governor Throughout the night the pri vate residence of President Lin hares was guarded by troops armed with machine guns Dutra visited the residence twice during the night and near midnight announced I have a firm intention to participate in the election Dec 2 I wil not withdraw my candidacy Supporters of the opposition candidate Gen Eduardo Gomes were reported to have persuaded Dutra to remain in the race now that Brazil has the opportunity to hold a free election although Gomes supporters have contended that Vargas supporters must go The government meanwhile has received assurances from the United States Panama Mexico and Bolivia that those nations would join the others are continuing normal relations with Brazil ;