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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited fot ITY LOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AUt NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOKS HOME EDITION VOL LX Preu and United Prew Full Wire Seven Cenis a Copy MASON CtTY tOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 2 1W3 This Paper of Two One Afons Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor From Dictator to Democracy T WISH I might have been on hand at the SavoyPlaza Hotel in New York City the other day to see the Society take note of the Republic of Turkeys 30th birthday It came into being on Oct 29 1923 and has exper ienced a growth and development since that time which tis I think almost without precedent in the an nals of civilization And if I had been on hand for that birthday call ing it Turkeys Fourth of Id have wanted to swing arounc by the UN building to see Turkeys new role of importance in thai world organization Recently Tur key won a seat on the Security Council over Poland That was a distinct setback forthe Communist world The vote was 40 to 19 Brazil and New Zealand had been chosen on an earlier ballot for the other two vacancies in the 11na tional Security Council with 56 and 48 votes respectively In the early balloting a few votes had gone to the Philippines a late entry which for a time seemed likely to embarrass the United States in its support of Turkey Both Turkey and the Philippines of course are in our corner as against Communism Three New Members What all this means is that next Jan 1 Turkey Brazil and New Zealand will take their place around the table at the Security Councils sessions They will re place Greece Chile and Pakistan and the term of service for their representatives will be two years All three can be counted on to be sympathetic with the American point of view but none will be more loyal than Turkey its safe to pre dict By this time some of you are beginningto suspect Ive nctdoubt that is one of subjects Not sqmany months age I came backfrom a 15OOQumili jaunt aroundtheedge of thelroB Curtain countries My mission had been to find out for myself if I could just where the free world stands in its lifeanddeath struggle with World the revival ofRussian Imperialism if you want a more accurate term The one greatest comfort iai joy met up with by me and1 my companion journalists on that fact finding mission was youve guessed No Worry About Turkey On leaving France I had some misgivings about the wish or the ability of the French to rise up to the by them in patriotism under Joffre in 1914 and Foch in 1918 I I still firmly theyd be on our side if the chips were down They had folded up in 1940 under top little pretext and some of the things that have taken place in France since that ticularly their friendly attitude toward had a disquieting note about them In lesser degree I had concern about either the ability or the dc termination of 7taly Yugoslavia Greece Spain Britain and Ger many to stand up and slug it out if the Russian Bear tried to move in But never not even for a I have any fear about Turkeys behavior in the faceof attack And nobody else need have any fear either Even though the Turks are so close to that Russian Bear that they can almost literally feel his breath on their necks they enter tain not the slightest fear of the animal Im not saying that theyre not concerned They are that But theyre not frightened A Modern Miracle In those three decades since Kemal Ataturk took over the reins of government at Constantinople there has been a transformation in the Turkish status in the world and the Turkish attitude on the homcfrontrthat must almostbe re ferred to as the greatest niiracle of our day Its that about which Ill be talking most in this little visit with you When the amazing Ataturk took over Turkey was known and properly The Sick Man of Europe The country was poor in stillis ifthe com parison is with the United States or even the countries of western Europe The economy had been sapped hy continuous and in variably on the losing side More than that the individual Turk was in a dejected spirit He just didnt much care whether school kept or not That was the Turkey of 1923 But ft isnt the Turkey of todayIn fact CONTINUED ON PAGI 2 Benson Changes Farm Operation U S to See it Fear Keeping American PWs in Red Hands PANMUNJOM Korea UP US officials said Monday they will question the 22 unrepatriated American prisoners of the Reds intensively to determine whether Communist death threats forced them into Communism Word leaked out Monday that 19 of the 22 Yanks who refused to come homeremained with the Reds because they weretold the Federal Bureau of Investigation first would quiz themand then execute them We will simply try to find out if their choice was a free one one of the Americans who will counter brainwash the victims of Red propaganda said Reliable sources with firsthand information on the 22 proCommu nist GIs said only three of them actually believed in Marxist the ories Fear threats and blackmail hold the others back from their loved ones A revealing and grapnic picture behind the bamboo curtain which tiides 22 lonely Americans from their fellow countrymen was drawn by sources who cannot be identi fied but which have obtained first hand knowledge of life in the pro Communist prison camp K S THIMAYYA These sources said Red agents have warned the Americansthey will be pumped dry and then bumped off by the Federal Bureau of Investigation if they re turn to the United States But the Communists have prom ised them a life of ease luxury and leadership if they remain be hind the Iron Curtain The Beds have offered them free travel and Chinese wives Or if they wish the Americans can re quest their own families to join them and the Communists will make all arrangements Some of the information revealed by these sources matched reports given by Cpi Edward S Dicken son the 23yearold Virginian who left the proCommunist camp two weeks ago and returned to the UN side Meantime the erratic Communist program to woo back antiRed Chinese and Korean war prisoners floundered in uncertainty Monday night after a Red dispute with the Indian Command which guards the 24600 POWs The Communists called off Mon days scheduled interviews with 500 Koreans after the Indians re fused to let them make loudspeak er broadcasts to the POWs await ing interviews K S Thimayya leader of the Indian forces said late Monday night that the Reds had reduced their demands sharply and would limit their broadcasts to only two 250man holding compounds AP Wuephoto On Trieste Problem High Sources Report Tito Will Negotiate BELGRADE Yugoslavia close to the Yugo slav foreign office are circulating reports that President Marshal Tito is willing to bargain with the West on Trieste They say he might offer close military joining the Atlantic Pact in return for concessions on the disputed territory The reports overthe weekend may have been trial bal loons to test reaction However they came from sources so connected with the for eign office that they could not be discounted Demands UnctrUin Yugoslav demands were uncer tain But as a minimum it was said Tito probably would expect outright annexation of Triestes Zone A which contains the im portant port city of Trieste Hunter Dies V Despite Long Vigil of Pal ROCHESTER Minn young squirrel hunter wounded in the lead died Sunday night despite a cold 20hour vigil by a companion who said he held a fingertip in the wound thinking he would keep the boy from bleeding to death The boy Martin Larson 12 Utica Minn was wounded when a 22 caliber rifle discharged while ieand John Kieselhorst 16 St Paul were hunting in heavy woods near Utica about pm Satur day Sheriff George Fort said Kiesel horst told him he fell and the gun accidentally went off a bullet striking Martin in the forehead over the left eye He cradled Martins head in his ap Fearing he would quickly LARSON bleed to death KIESELHORST he carefully in serted the end of an index finger into the wound The bleeding stopped but John felt if he re moved his finger blood would gush Torth Sundown came and the tempera ure dipped to 25 degrees John ook off his shirt and put it over Martin The ground grew white with rostJohn curled around Martin to warm him I didnt think of anything all night except praying thatMarty would pull outall right John said FUNERAL RITES KEOKUK 1wifl be ield Tuesday for Mrs Cora Elgin Reid S5 wifeof the formersuper intendent of schools here who died at her home Sunday DEAN DIES LINCOLNNeb flDr George A Gmbb 73 dean emeritus of he University of Nebraska Col ege of Dentistry died Sunday Yugoslavia already has military control of Zone territory surrounding the port ZoneA is held by Britain and the United States who have announced their intention of turning that area over to Italy Strong Yugoslav opposi tion has caused the two Western allies to postpone this move Meanwhile Yugoslavia awaited an invitation to a proposed five nation conference among the States France Britain Italy and Yugoslavia which has been suggested by the Big Three as a method for solving the thorny Trieste quarrel Willing to Take Part This country already has indi cated its willingness to take part in such a meetingprovided there arc no conditions attached A11 h ough Yugoslavia rejected previous Western bids to join the North Atlantic Treaty t Organiza tion there is solid basis for the current reports she might recon sider r in a trade on Trieste In public Yugoslav officials have vowednever to yield in their demands for all Trieste Privately however they have indicated they might settle for Zone B providing they had a direct approach into the port city of Trieste and inde pendent jurisdiction over part of the waterfront Romania Executes 13 Spies VIENNA UP Romania has executed 13 spies for the Ameri cans apparently as a warning of unprecedented severity against underground resistance to the Communist regime The 13 men sixof them accused of being spies who parachuted into Romania from United States planes were sentenced to death Oct 12 by a military tribunal at Bucharest wordof their execution was carriedbyRadio Bucharest during the weekend The radio did not say wuen the death sentences were it was presumed here the 13 died sometime Saturday t eir rvicepnytui NIXON President1Richard M Nixon touring the Far East examines a machete jungie knife during a visit to a British battalion stationed in the Malay States Nixon inspected the troops which had just returned from a patrol Straws in the Wind Elections Tuesday Will Test Political Strength 1 Disregards Pleas of Plans Foes Regional Soil Offices Through WASHINGTON W Secretary Benson Monday brushed aside pleas from some Congressmem jers for delay and put into imme diate effect his controversial re organizationplan for the Agricul ture Department He said he had President Eisenhowers backing t A key point in the one arousing most discussion is the abolition of sevenregional soil conservation offices which had re ported directly to Washington Their work is lodged with stats offices effective immediately These offices were at Upper Darby Pa Spartanburg S Milwaukee Wis Lincoln Neb Fort Worth Tex Albuquerque N NM and Portland Ore Separate Agency Benson emphasized to a news that the Soil Conserva tion Service would continue as i lowans Comment DES MOINES tiiry of Agriculture Clyde Spry said Monday he had not received detailed ifrfbrmetfon about new reorganization plain of the U S Department of Agricul ture but that If rt to giv ing more seirconservltton help to states would bene fit by it agency in the depart ment He said he was determined windis are blowing wiirbe holding tionsof YorkCity New Jersey and Virginia elect governors There is also a special House election in New Jerseys 6thr District New York picks a new mayor as do a number of other cities in T J 1 t 1 J Iowas Test County Still Likes Ike YORK President Eisen howers popularity with the voters FLIES JET AT W Dad Montee 911sshown just before piloting a US Air Force jet trainer at 500 miles an hour Montee a licensed pilot once drove a horse stage coach in Kansas Adenauer Uproots Socialists Strengthens Wests Position HAMBURG Germany Kbnrad Adenauers Hamburg bloc uprooted the Socialists Monday fromtheir inHamburg state elections which also steeled the federal governments hand for pushing through its policies Complete official returns from Sundays voting gavethe Democrats free Democrats the Germany party and the Refugee of the state Parliaments 120 seats The voters also ousted the Socialist state governor Minis ter President Max Brauer in favor of an Adenauer man who wiU have thepower to appoint the states three representatives to the upper houseof the federal Parliament Those appointments will give Adenauers coalition the twothirds majority it needs in the Bundes rat the federal upper house to get parliamentary approval of plans to rearm Western Germany and ally ler closely with West Europes de fense setup The coalition already controls twothirds majority in the lower house the Bundestag hotly contested election brought out 81 per cent of Ham burgs million and a quarter eligi Ievoters andgave the Hamburg jloc 503997 votes or 50 per cent of the total The Socialists who wuijung lugeiuer earned out or by what method but have been in power in Hamburg Spanish air f orceto present IT waet 11 MM AM W HIM 1 since 1945 were close behind with 455372 per cent ABombs for Planes in Spain if AD RID Spain The United States plans to supply its bombers based in Spain with atomic weapons US Air Secre tary Harold Talbott said Monday Atomic weapons eventually will be made available to US forces in Spain Talbott told a press con ference He added however that atomic weapons will be stockpiled hejre only after negotiations between the United States and Spain and with approval of the Spanish regime eluding Pittsburgh Cleve land and Little Rock In no case perhaps is there a clearcuttest ofthe popularity of theEisenhower cause of the many stateand local issuesjinvolved Butthe results wilJ be closely watched particularly in the wake of the upset Democratic victory in a Wisconsin special House election three weeksi ago Backs All Candidates President Eisenhower is on rec ord in support of all the Republi can candidates His ssecre tary James C Hagerty said so ast week after some confusion had developed in the wake of the Presi dents statement at a news con ference that he was interested in seeing the GOP retain control of Congress next year The Presidentsome weeks ago posed for pictures with Paul L Troast Republican candidate for governor of New He and Theodore R Dalton GOP candi date in Virginia had a chat at the White Housejtmt not the Presi dent has said about politics An other recent White House caller has been Haroldt Riegelman GOP candidate for mayor of New York In brief this picture New Jersey Troastf opposes Robert B Meyner for governor Demos Confident voice confi dence they will hold governor ship in the first de termined GOP campaign in a quarter of acentury NewYork are three major candidates Riegelman Re publican former Acting postmas ter of the city Robert F Vfsgner Jr Democrat Manhattan borough president Rudolph Halley Liberal GityCounciKpresident is on the rise Thats shown by the newest re suits from Jasper County Iowa a litical changes for three genera tions i yt Tabulations of poll just pletedforlthe current issueof Look Talbott CIM not predict whether Spanish approval for the move would be forthcoming He did say The US Air Force is working together with the s tr on g front against a common enemy 1 l Magazine showthat Jaspercoun Young has been highly Critical of tyjs voters believe Mr Eisenhower and has declaredhe should is doing a good job and would vote for him again the tW VUllL T WIC JLUJ JJllli JV UlC fr Presidential election were held Dented to repbrters Benson has tnnntTi sicned Tiis death k About The Weather Mason City Tuesdayfair windy and cooler r Cooler Tuesday High 50 to Fair and colder GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday4 Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 66 37 46 72 38 this month In the poll thetyoters were asked I Is Eisenhower doing as you expected orhas he disappointed you As Well 811 Disappointed 147 No Opinion candidates do you expect tovotefor in Hie next Congressional election i i 1 f plan into effect drewj applause from Chairman of i 2 v the Senate Agriculture Coinjnittee but some other initiar was unfavorable v t He did If he had hostile pres sure oathis there would have beeii no further use in talking about res toration of government b a c k Aitken expressed ftfce the be strengthened fry elimination of the regional offices and baflding up of state LJr Terribly Ditappoirrtingr alied But S en Young Bensons action pointing VHe sa sonable request when leaders ol the National f Association of S o n terribly said was rea UVTILI a t u barometer area which acConservation Districts asked for curately reflected Americas podelay pending congressional re litical changes for three generaview Young resign Sep Thomas com Republican44 Democratic 2T3 Undecided 347 Nearlyha If the voters polled cited the Korean truce as the Ad ministrations outstanding achieve ment When asked what they judged to be the Administrations major failures 478 said there had been none To the Question Do you regard yourself as a Republican or Demo crat the response was sighifi1 cant when compared to the 1952 survey 1953 1952 Republican5ft 514 Democrattt8 43 Other 17 Declined Answer 15 17 37 SAMt 4BFACK FLAG MKANt DEATH W VAST U MOM signed his death warrant a proposal oaeOct SjVfhe plan had stirred bitter oj position Some congressmen had request ed that Benson delay putting plan into operation untDLtiftec Con gress had a chance to look it over Rep Bender Ohio House Government Operations Subcom mittee would conduct hearings this month oh tlje plan delay the plan after the hearings was asked at his news conference whether he had satis Republican members of Congress who r had suggested that he hold upronthe The secretary said most of lawmakerswhohad entered matter had done so on the basis of information only fiom his critics The secretary said opposition to the organization plan came from one group the National Assn of Soil Conservation Districts t He said certain officers of the organization had issued mislead ing and statements and in some cases had made false hoods about purposes of re organization plan Critics nave contended the plaa would destroy the Soft tion Service Benson said the of complaint resetted from proposal to change UM fidd or aniratioa by regional Im to thlt istratkn more ahead aatf said ;