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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS Nil G M 0 R S VOL LVn Associated Press United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 2 1950 This Paper Consists ol No George Bernard Shaw Irish Born Dramatist Dies at 94 WIFE OF WOUNDED GUNMANRose old wife of Oscar Collazo 36 one of two gunmen shot out Bide the Blair house residence of President Truman Wed nesday poses in the Collazo tenement residence in New York shortly after being informed of the Washington in cident She demanded in defiant tones Why should I be sorry We are both members of the nationalist Mrs Collazo was jailed on a conspiracy charge Murder Filed Against Puerto Rican i By STERLING F GREEN Trumans guard s creased Thursday while the secret service tried to learn whether others were involved in the attempt by two fanatics for Puerto Kican independence to kill him The investigation herecentered on questioning ofOscar Collazo 37one of the two men who tried Wednesday to blast their way with pistol shots into Mr Trumans official home but were cut down by Ayot St Lawrence England Bernard Shaw the cen turys most famous playwright died Thursday at the age of 94 The life of the frail old Irish born wit who massed a fortune by poking fun at the shortcomings of this civilized age flicked out at last at a m p m C ST A tumble in his garden on Sept 10 while pruning a tree proved the undoing of the selfstyle Napoleon ofdrama He broke his left thigh bone and was taken to Luton hosr pital to have the bones pinned together A bladder ailment com plicated his condition A minor operation eased the trouble and he was brought home Oct 4 but suffered a relapse Sunday Mrs Alice Laden his house keeper at the brick cottage Shaws Corner announced the death to reporters He had lapsed into a coma Wednesday Funeralplans were announced Thursday morning Shaws body will be cremated after a private service at acrematorium in north west London The service will be held Monday Dies Peacefully His friends expect his ashes to be mixed with those of his wife Charlotte who died in 1943 and scattered over the Shaw garden Only two nurses were with the elderly man at his death Dr Thomas Probyn Shaws physician hurried into the house 20 minutes later F E Loewenstein the play wrights longtime biographer told reporters Shaw died peacefully without regaining consciousness The author of 55 plays 5 novels and countless best of which were turned out after he was was credited by many critics with reviving British drama after its golden age of Goldsmith and Sheridan No stick ler as to modesty Shaw considered were bullets of guards A murder charge stands againstthe wounde turvivor CollazoIell on the steps of Blah house Mr Trumans temporarj residence Hewas shot in th chest but was reported Thufsdaj to be in fine shape His com panion Griselio Torresolawa Killed by a bullet through thi head Three police were wounded it the battle One Pvt Leslie Coffelt 40 died Wednesday night Collazo was formally charged with Cof f elts murder Push New York Probe The investigation was being pushedalso in New York which has a largepopulation of Puerto Rican natives and in Puerto Rico itself Collazo and Torresola came here from New York In New York a charge of con spiracy in the assassination at tempt was brought against Col lazos wife Mrs Rosa Collazo 42 She was jailed in default of 000 bond U S Commissioner Edward W McDonald said conspiracy war rantsalso were being prepared for two persons he did not identify and for Collazo At least 13 per sonsmost of them relatives of questioned IriPuerto gov ernment seized Pedro Albizu Compos 63 head of the U S hatirig independencedemanding nationalist party He was routed out of his home by a tear gas bar rage Collazo and Torresola were nationalist party members and had two letters from Albizu on their persons Puerto Rican police also took into custody leading known com munists and a number of other nationalists One of the national ists was Elio Torresola brother of Griselio Torresola PartyRoundup The nationalists attempted a Puerto Rico this week and a roundup of the party leaders was undertaken even be fore the assassination attempt At Blairhouse the number of guards for Mr Truman was in creased and police roped off part of Pennsylvania avenue Blair house fronts on the famous ave nue Until Wednesdays assassina tion attempt pedestrians were permitted to walk right by the steps of the residence The white house clamped se crecy on the details of the extra precautions taken for Mr Tru mans safety Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross asked if any thought was being given to moving the presi dential family from the Blair house to a more defensible place declared No Not to my knowledge As to the new precautions Ross said he didnot consider it proper to discuss them Mr Truman who had taken Wednesdays events with unshaken nerves Mid not permit the secret upset his way of life Out for Stroll As usual He was out in the early morning for a stroll Six secret servicemen walked with him instead of the usual one Others were in a flanking automobile Two forenoon white house call William D Leahy former presidential chief of staff and George Allen formerwhite house Truman seemed tobeentirely unconcerned byany threat to his safety The president instructed Charles S Murphyhis special to see what additional benefits can be provided for Cof felts widow The president senta letter of sympathy to Mrs Goffelt in which he said her husband died in tha line of duty Ross was told that the total benefits to the widow would amount to month plus the officers police insurance Sends Flowers Mr Truman also sent flowers to the two wounded of f icersrPolice Pvis Joseph H Downs 44 and Donald T Birdzell41 Ross said hehadno knowledge of any plans for the presidentto cut down on his public appear ances It was understood that special safety precautions were being aken for Mr Trumans weekend rip to Missouri but Ross said he did not know anything about that A great flow of messages was coming to the white house from all over the world condemning the attempt on the presidents life and congratulatinghim on its failure The two Puerto Ricans who ried to kill President Truman just took a chance that the was therewhen they iharged Blair house with guns blazing i according toa rstatemen t made by the one who survived The statement was released by nvestigators Thursday They meant to shoot their way nside with the expectation ofen ounteringhim there it said The statement informal and lot signed was taken from Oscar Collazo during questioning while nder guard and during hospital reatment for a bullet wound in lis chest In it he said that only two veeks of conferences between him nd Griselio Torresola his co pnspirator who was instantly illed in the gunfight at Blair ouse their ecision to take the law into our wn hands Two Weeks Iowa Gains 82805 in Last Decade Washuirton sharp boost contained in Thursdays official fi nal census figures gives Iowa a total population of 2621073 This is a gain of 82805 inhabitants in the last decade The final figures show that Iowas population increased 33 per cent in the years from 1940 to 1950 as compared with a gain of only 27 per cent in the years from 1930 to 1940 As a result of Iowas population figures this state will retain its present congressional representa tion of 8 members The preliminary Iowa census figures which were released in Washington about two months ago had listed Iowas April 1 1950 population at 2612598 persons This would have been a gain of only 74330 over 1940 figures or an increase of 29 per cent over the 2538268 inhabitants officially enumerated 10 years ago Thus the official figures show a gain of 8475 over the preliminary figures compiled two months ago The Iowa figures compare fav orably as to rate of change in re lation to population trends in most nearby states Figures for other midwestern states include POPULATION Attempt to Save 1000 Trapped Troops Fails 1950 1940 Illinois 8712176 7897241 Wisconsin 3434575 3137587 Minnesota 2982483 2792300 Iowa 2621073 2538268 Missouri 3954653 3784664 North Dakota 619636 641935 South Dakota 652740 642961 Nebraska 1325510 1315834 Kansas1905299 1801028 G B SHAW himself the successor to Shakes peare and even an improvement on the bard of Avon Helped Found Party As a political propagandist he espoused the cause of the Fabian socialists and helped lay the foun dation of the present labor party He claimed to be a communist and an atheist But if he was a thebrand was not or thodox Some of his comments if made in Russia would have land ed him in Siberia Karl Marx the writer 01 com munisms as an date fuddyduddyandsaidmost communists were talking through their hats His atheism also was questioned He himself once declared religion is always right Science always is wrong Though his career spanned the years from the Victorian to the atomic ages lie never lost the knack of getting attention by need ling the pretentious or questioning the worlds most cherished notions Truman Stassen in Final Vote Bids Saturday By UNITED PRESS President Truman and Harold E Stassen radio In last minute bids4o gainvotes iortdem ocratic and republican candidates In next Tuesdays elections Mr Truman will speak 1st at 9 p m C S T m his only po litical address of the campaign The piogram originating from St Louis swill be carried over the 4 major radio networks and will be televised Immediately after the president goes off the air Stassen will reply over the Mutual Broadcasting sys tem The former Minnesota gov ernor and president of the Univer sity of Pennsylvania speak ad Lb at 930 p m C S T from New Haven Conn 80YearOld Woman Goes for Some Hike MarysVflle Cat Kate Lenahan started her daily walk at 5 p m Wednesday Members of a 40man search party finally found her at a m Thursday in the rugged Sierra foothills Informed of the big search Mrs Lenahan scolded GRIM Truman left stands erect beside1 SirOlMfjEranKs Brit ish ambassador to the XT S during day in Arlington cemetery Marshal Sir John Dill British The presi dent went to the ceremony shortly after a gun battle in front of his Blair house residence Plan for 40 Divisions in Europe by53 France Will Provide One Half of Ground Units in West Army ByMAXBOYD Washington De fense Minister Jules Moch says the Atlantic pact nations plan to have 40 divisions on the western front in Europe by 1953 He disclosed this goal Wednes day night during a news confer ence in which he expressed the opinion that France will never drop its opposition to the inclusion of German military units as large as divisions in western Europes defense force Moch told reporters that France will provide one half of the ground units which the Atlantic pact powers plan to station on Europes western front He said that additional defense forces also are planned on Europes northern and southern fronts He gave no hint at the possible size of these forces 3 Fronts Presumably the western front would be primarily in Germany the northern front in Norway and Denmark and the southern front in Italy Moch expressedhope that the 12 Atlantic pact nations will be able to agree on a solution of the German rearmament question de spite the present deadlock be tween U S plans on Says Rep H R Why I taking a little walk Send me the bill Mrs Lenahan is 80 years old Acquaintance Collazo is expected to survive Mrs Morris Laird 43 Dies After Short illness Mrs Morris E Laird 43 died at 2 p m Thursday at alocal hos pital after a short illness She is survived by her husband and 3 children and her parents Mr and Mrs T J Bracken The McAuley and Son funeral home is in charge of funeral arrangements which are incom plete Mrs Laird was a member of Womans club P E O and Mat inee Musicale and was particular ly active in the field of music be ing an accomplished pianist MILK GOES TOP IVIuscatine went up to 19 cents a quart here Wednes day a onecent increase Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cool through Friday Low Thurs day night 22 High Friday 48 Iowa forecast Clearing and cold er Thursday night with a hard freeze in north and west Friday partly cloudy and moderately cold Low Thursday night 20 to 25 north and extreme west 26 to 32 southeast High Friday 40 to 45 north 46 to 52 south Further outlook Saturday and Sunday fair Temperatures ris ing to a little above normal Sun day afternoon Minnesota Clearing with a hard freeze all sections Thursday night Friday fair Low Thurs day night 1822 extreme north 2025 central and south High Spent for PreWar Korean Aid The national administration conduct of Americas relation withSouth Korea isnothing shor of scandalous said H R Gross Waterloo 3rd district represen tative in congress who stopped i Mason City Thursday Rep Gross S making a tour o the 14 counties in the distric winding up his campaign for re election on the republican iticke I have been criticized by my Friday 3540 4045 south extreme north IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m charge in the death of ione of tha presidents bodyguards He denied that he was a com munist and declared he met Tor rescola only two weeks ago in the Puerto Rican colony in New York City Collazo said both were mem bers of the nationalist party of Puerto Rico and that they agreed that something should be done to gain their countrys independencs nd stand trial on a murder I from the United States Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 49 27 31 62 33 SAME BUek Uf muni t f opponent for th million dollar capital im provement bill for Korea back in 1949 he said That bill carne up after Marshall the jointchiefs o staff and cither expertsgave it a their opinion that if Russia movec Korea would be untenable Now I askyou Would anyin telligent person vote to sink tha amount of moneyinto something the experts said would be taken by Russia Lattimore Pattern Another thing congress voted a military aid bill for SouthKorea in 1949 And when South Korea Avas invaded months after tKe president signet the bill it was found that only of this had been spent for field telephones This all fits into a pattern ad vocated by Lattimore and others to let Korea fall but dontlet it appear we are responsible Rep Gross also directeda blasl against reckless and wasteful spending by the national govern ment which he said ispushing the nation toward bankruptcy Few peoplerealize what a gi gantic mortgage there is against them in the national debt he said 3rd districts shareof the 260 billion dollar debt is 000 and Cerro Gordo countys Share is Debt Tremendous Just imagine what the situ ation would be if Cerro Gordo county had an indebtedness of more than million People would think the county was cer tainly going bankrupt Its just as serious on a national scale And the sad partof it is that nothingis being done to reduce the debt In fact the spending con tinues at a reckless rate One of the worst examples of federal waste was the appropri ation of 50 billion dollars in the last 4 fiscal years for the military establishment the congressman said And when the president pro Acbesbnpredicted at an earlier conference that1 some way soon willbe found to settle the issue The French government wants to limit German military units to the smallest possible size Moch personally favors the battalion in cluding from 800 to 1200 men France wants such units incorpo rated m a European array under a defense minister responsible to European assembly The United States contends that divisions upto around 20000 men each would be the smallest prac tical German units It has proposed undisclosed safeguards against the recreation of a German national army Unreconciled Defense ministers of the treaty nations were unable to reconcile the French and U S differences in a 3day conference which ended here Tuasday They referred the matter to At lantic military committee com posed of ranking military officers of the treaty nations and to the council of foreign ministers depu ties New Might at Seoul Korea AP U S 1st cavalry division Wednesday night abandoned attempts to rescue the re mainder of one of dts regi ments surrounded innorth west Korea by communists including Chinese reds The trapped men were or dered to try to break out on their own Some already had done so Normally a regiment totals about 5000 men butthe un disclosed number trapped was obviously less than this Es capes and heavy casualties had reduced the number Earlier a U S 1st corps spokes man referred to two battalions of the regiment as being surrounded and said they were believed to total the equivalent of one bat talion This would be about 1000 men Later front line reports spoke of the full regiment being cut off Wednesday night near a dry river bed 4 miles southwest of Unsan and still later said the trapped unit represented ila considerable por tion of the regiment From Nationalists The encircling forces including Chinese reds in strength turned American weapons on the isolated Americans Origin of these weapons was not clear They may have beep Cnmesem XJnsani is 66 air of H R GROSS iected usanto this war with North Korea we found that only 84 bil lion out of the 50 billion we spent iad been actually used for arms ships and guns Gross stated The other billions went for what the administration was pleased to call housekeeping ex penses Belt Tightening Within 48 hours after his radio speech at the start of the Korean war the president called upon the people for a belt tightening just is the administration leaders wrought in a bill for the construc ipri of a 15 million dollar office building in Washington for the edcral deposit insurance corpor ation This was defeated by a nar ow margin Another example of how the idministration does not tighten its iwn belt was a bill to construct more than 18 miles of 4 lane high vays through the Fort Meade mil tary reservation for a total cost f 15 million dollars or mile Even the Pennsylvania urnpike where land had to be ac uired and roads built through mountains didnt cost much more ban half that figure per mile These Gross pointed out are ust a few of hundreds of cx mples of reckless expenditure of unds These are trying to de velop a solution for presentation to the defense ministers at another meeting to be called by their chair man U S Secretary of Defense Marshall At his news conference here Monday night Moch said that the French government can make con cessions as to ways and means of applying its plan But he expressed belief that it cannot change its opposition to the creation of Ger man divisions V The French minister contended that clandestine links would spring up between any such divisions and lead to the rebirth of a German general staff and a German na tional army Acheson said there is agreement that such steps must not happen Would Compromise Moch said he had heard U S and British generals say that they would not absolutely insist on German divisions His own gov ernment he indicated was willing to compromise on other defense plan points And he added Concessions must not be on one side only Moch said that France will have 10 divisions in 1951 five at full war strength of 23000 to 24000 men and 5 others available on 3days notice By 1952 he said the French strength in Europe will rise to 15 divisions and by 1953 to 20 divisions Moch said that France also may provide between onefourth and onethird of the tactical aviation for the combined force He did not reveal whether the ministers agreed on thesize of the projected air force All agreements by the group are subject to review and final approval by the individual participating governments Moch said that France has no intentionof keeping Germany under the yoke Cruel Memories Of course he added we have cruel memories of 3 occupations and of the massacres by Hitler and the nazis Youre lucky in the United Stales never to have j Pyongyang former capital 4 Maj Gen Hobart R Gay divi sion commander said the regiment had been very badly hurt A spokesman told At1 Corre spondent Tom Lambert the rescue team ran into a stonewall of re sistance Americans who escaped the trap said there were many Chinese reds in the enemy force 3000 Chinese A Chinese prisoner said the force included 3000 Chinese red soldiers Correspondent Lambert with the division quoted an American platoon sergeaht as saying the Chi nese soldiers were crazy The sergeant added They would stand right up in rontpfyou laughingto beat hell We killed them by the hundreds Still they kept coming That was a grim flashback to World war II jbanzai aftacks by drinkcrazed Japanese The reds launched their attack sunset against the 1st cavalry t been occupied divisions lead regiment A spokes man said the regiment was spread out in a pursuit situation forcessmashed at the Americans from thenorth east and west They wereequipped with bazookas Browning auto matic rifles Thompson subma chineguris and greaseguns Escape Road Cut In two hours the escape roadto the south was cut The battle raged throughout the night At daylight an allied rescue team including other 1st cavalrv divisionunits set out on a rescue mission It ran into heavy enemy fire at Yongspngabout5 miles southwest of Unsan Tank radios of the surrounded regiment silent allmorning came to life in the afternoon and direct ed allied warplanes in strikes at the enemy But the rescue team could not break through The reds hot onslaught was their their redoubled fight to block ap proaches to the KoreanManchur ian border A U S 8tharmy corps spokes man said the situation was very serious in the entire northwest sector On Defensive The fury of their attack put United Nations troops on the de fensive in the northwest where the biggest allied gains had been made recently It was an obvious allout effort by thereds tpkctep United Na tions troops away pro ducing reservoirs which pump into bothNorth Korean and industry TJiecold of winter and the lit tle Gobi sands which whip across country at this time of year multiply the misery of ground fighting ALGONA MAN NAMED v Rodd 31 of Aigona has been named secre tary of the Spencer chamber ot commerce He fills the post left vacant by Gordon Olson recriled to army service ;