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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, November 02, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DCS Mf i A THE MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL 13 Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON IOWA FEIDAY NOVEMBER 2 1945 This Paper Consists of Two NO 21 ANT IZIONIST STRIFE HITS EGYPT REDS OF CHINA MAKE CHARGES OF POISON GAS China Communists Also Claim General Chiang Is Using Japanese 7th fleet units have reached the Man churian ports Ylngkow and Hulutao with 3 Chinese armies which began landing immediately central government military sources reported Piid ay Mouuiioe hostilities were re ported from virtually all sectors of the undeclared war between Chinese communists and the forces of Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek Official communist quarters charged that Chiangs men were using poison gas and also employ ing 30000 Japanese troops in Shansi province The communist office here gave no details of the alleged use of gas against its forces The communist organ New China Daily charged that what the United States is doing today in China is contrary to President Roosevelts non intervention policy and contrary to President Trumans policy of not employing force against other countries Gen Yen HsiShancentral gov ernment commander in Shanshi also reorganized all 30000 Japa nese troops in the province into a volunteer corps let them re tain their arms and sent them against the communists a com munist spokesman said The spokesman said the fiercest fighting of the civil war now was centering in 2 zones of north China the first along the Shansi HopehHonan border and the 2nd ineastern Suiyuan the latter in inner threat otajigge Bcale battle rpu the JitanchuriarJ border lit Jen Shih CMao commander of central government forces told United Press correspondent Rich ard W Johnston in an interview there that he would not attempt to penetrate the communistde fended border for the present Shihsaid he was amazed to find his to the north China port of Chinwangtao by American oh the border by powerful Chinese communist forces From Shanghai came a report that Marshal A M Vasilevsky soviet commander in Manchuria has agreed to assume responsibil ity for a landing by central gov ernment forces at the Manchurian port of Yingkou but declined to guarantee safe landings at the communistheld norts of Hulutao and Taunkkou VasUevskys forces were sched uled to begin the evacuation of Manchuria Saturday WAR CRIMINALS WHILE AWAY in jail at Yokohama Japan where they await trial as war criminals are Mark Lewis Stveeter left an American who passes the hours at solitaire and John Holland an Australian who prepares to do some typing Both men are charged with spreading propaganda against the Allied powers Bowles Sees Price Increases Negligible Under Revised Policy by Administration Washington price increases under the administrations revised wageprice policy seemed likely Friday to be negligible Thats Price Administrator Chester Bowies view of how President Trumans program of permitting price boosts only under rigid con RESTORE PEACE WITH TRUCE IN MAGELANGSITE Lull Follows Night of Fighting With British Using Plane Strafing Batavia was re stored in the Magelang area at noon Friday by a temporary truce which followed a night of sharp fighting between Indonesian ex tremists and British Indian troops during which RAF planes again strafed the Indonesian forces Elsewhere in central and east ern Java conditions were reported generally improved although the situation at the naval base of Soerabaja was described as very delicate Col C H O Pugh commander of the British garrison at Soera baja succeeded in effecting the evacuation of 1500 Dutch Nation women and chilSren similar number were ex pected to embark Friday night At Magelang British and Indon esian leaders were reported con ferring during the truce effected with the aid of Dr Soekarno pres ident of the Indosian republic whose cease fire orders previously had been ignored by the extrem ists Outcome of the negotiations remained in doubt The RAF strafing during the night enabled Gurkha Infantry to reoccupy additional areas in the town which is about 260 miles southwest of Batavia and reduced ditions will work out Meanwhile John L Lewis United Mine AVorkers Journal asserted the wageprice policy would enlarge the realm of confusion There were other developments on the hot issue of wages and prices r Secretary Connnerse WiHaeir said there is danger of another de pression if corporate profits stay up and wages down He told re porters this could mean 4 to 7 mil lion people unemployed for years once the expected buying boom is over Bowles announced that retail price ceilings for new automobiles will be unveiled in 4 or 5 days They are expected to be about the same as 1942 prices And he hinted dealers would be required to ab sorb an ceilings increase in producers Charles City Workers Ask for Contract Charles 115 U F E and M A of Charles City called a special meeting Thursday afternoon to discuss certain mat ters that transpired recently at South Bend Ind and Battle Creek Mich CIO officials said We are de manding that the company sit down and negotiate a master con tract at the general offices in Chi cago covering all locals within the O liver corporation Local 115 Charles City went on record to call a strike vote Nov 12 if the company does not wish to with these demands Rep DeLacy D Wash said in the house that his proposed legislation giving government em ployes 48 hours pay for 40 hours work would lead the way to a national goal of higher wages and higher purchasing power EeLacy added that unless fac tory workers get a wage increase they will have 10 per cent less purchasing power next year than in 1941 In his statement at a news con ference Thursday Bowles said the wageprice policy set forth by Mr Truman had served to emphasize the administrations determina tion to hold the price line against inflation The policy permits price in creases to balance wage hikes only under these circumstances 1 Where straight time hourly wages lag behind the cost of Uv ing increase since January 19J1 2 In order to correct inequities 3 Where additional manpower is needed for essential reconver sion industries MASON CITYANS LAND IN STATES Three Mason Cityans were scheduled to land in the states Friday according to an AP dis patch received here Capt Philip W Thurtle 946 9th N E and Pfc W Gerald Wil liam 3092 Carolina N E were due at Newport News Va on the Monticello and Capt Leon Raizes was reported due on the Sea Pike to dock in New York 23000 IOWANS GET DISCHARGES Estimate 30000 Out During November Des Moines housand lowans were discharged from the armed forces last month more than 3 times the number re eased the previous month Capt John Quigley state veterans em ployment representative reported Triday September releases to taled 7300 This brought to 5500ft the num ber oE lowans released since July of 1943 when Captain Quigley first began keeping records of no tices of honorable discharges Be estimated probably 5000 were discharged prior to July 1943 running1 the total released to ap proximately 60000 On the basis of the October discharges I would estimate about 30000 lowans will be released this month Captain Quigley said Releases now arerunning about 70 per cent from the army and 30 per cent from the navy This means that navy releases have increased tremendously in recent months particularly Oc tober Some of the men contacted have expressed a desire to return to their old jobs some want to relax a while others are inter ested in returning to school and still others want to go into an ap prentice trade training Captain Quigley said FLIGHT Gen Frank A Armstrong Jr Richmond Va deputy com mander 20th Ailforce receives a kiss from his wife on landing as commander of the first pf 4 Superfortresses to fly nonstop from Hokkaido Japan to Washington Thurs day night At left is Lt Gen Ira Baker on hand to greet the flyers and at right a crew member Lt Col George Aketson Wellesley Hills Mass AP Wirephoto danger to the hospital previously reported under fire by the Indon esians In the background of the trou bled political situation Dutch economic experts were attempting to compile complete information on current Indonesian economic conditions of what theJapanese Netherlands East Indies produc tiod system makes it impossible to make a definite statement re garding future developments said A Luytjes agricultural chief of the economic affairs department Quinine production was best pre served because the Japanese themselves were interested in it he said The rubber plantations came through rather well he added with only minor areas con verted into vegetable fields The Indies formerly supplied 40 per cent of the worlds rubber de mand and probably will be back at full capacity production as soon as normal conditions return he said ARREST JAPANS TORTURE EXPERT Abe 3 Army Officers Held in Airmens Deaths Tokyo Pi American authcS Strikes At o Glance TRUMANS BLAST MAY AID PLANS House Leaders Say It May Cause More Action Washington 1 e a d ers declared Friday that President Trumans criticism of congress this week did not harm his legis lative program and may help it This view was expressed by Democratic Leader McCormack of Massachusetts and Iarty Whip Kamspeck of Georgia when asked about the presidents reference to damaging delay by house com mittees in handling of jobless pay and full employment bills The 2 gave a reporter slightly varying interpretations of what their opinions ties Friday arrested Genki Abe Japans iorture expert and foreign home minister and 3 Japanese army officers accused of com plicity in the trial and execution of 3 Doolittle flyers in 1942 The 3 officers included the trial prosecutor and one of the 3 judges who condemned the American air men on charges of murdering in nocent civilians during the first air raid on Tokyo The arrests were announced as Gen Douglas MacArthur for the second time in 24 hours rebuked Prince Fumimaro Konoye This time he denied Konoyes roquest that Japan be permitted to con tinue activities of its Dojin Medi cal society in former occupied areas MacArthur ordered the organ ization dissolved on grounds that it operated as a propaganda agency as well as a public health organization The Japanese had pictured it as a Japanese Rocke feller Foundation Konoye was its president 4 B29s Make Good in Hop rom Japan to Washington Weather Balks Record Plan Washington air force marked up Friday a 2ndtry vic ory for itsB29s over the mileage and adverse weather of the tough nonstophdpfrotri JapantoWashington Four of the Supertorls flew in to National airport at oclock Thursday night after a 6544mile trip from Mizutani on theJapanese home island of HokkaidoThe lead planes time was 27 hours 29 minutes The 43 flyers succeeded in a task which defeated 3 other B29s n the first attempt in September but failed in a more ambitious plan o better the world distance ord by having one of the planes o on to Puerto Hico By UNITED PRESS Thief Finally Relieves Man of Heating Radiator Denver months Irving Linder building agent had tried without luck to sell a large heat Ing radiator Now hes rid ol it He reported to police that some one stole it Reconversion labor disputes idled approximately 251000 U S workers Friday The highlights Greyhound bus strike which has stalled some 1000 busses in the eastern states threatened to spread to the companys lines west of the Mississippi unless wage differences were ironed out 2000 Western Union telegraphers staged a 5hour work stoppage at Philadelphia Detroit and Hartford Conn protesting a 6cent difference in hourly wage awards to AFL and CIO union members and ground crew workers of the Ameri can Export Airlines remained on strike in support of demands for wage raises to make up for lost overtime pay walked out 22 mills in 4 New England states and the strike threatened to spread to include more than 11000 members of the textile workers union production was back to normal at half a dozen Hollywood studios for the first time in 34 weeks following a return to work of some 7000 striking film craftsmen Houston Tex on the gulfre mained strikebound as 2500 longshoremen respected picket lines thrown up by 650 striking AFL warehousemen checkers and clerks production dropped 700000 to 950000 tons last month largely due to the extended coal strike according to a war production board report A strike vote was pending among some 600000 CIO steel workers on demands for a 2 a day wage increase lumber operators resumed negotiations with AFL union leaders in the 40day walkout supporting the work ers insistence on an industrywide SI10 minimum hourly wage in 12 LibbeyOwensFord and Pittsburgh Plate Glass company plants remained curtailed by a strike of 18000 CIO glass workers folloxving a collapse of contract negotiations and management representatives resumed conferences with federal conciliators in an attempt to settle a strike of AFL and CIO machinists which has idled 55000 San Francisco Bay area workers they expect but summarized were 1 Members of the committees involved resented the criticism but for the present no minds were changed one way or the otherT 2 The appeal for action may stir up public support for the bills and switch some votes Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 75TH INFANTRY In Marseill staging area 8TH ARMORED In Le Havn staging area scheduled to leavi for United States about Nov 5 66TH INFANTRY On high seas 26TH INFANTRY A d v a n c party in Camp Pittsburgh Ois section remainder to arrive soon 89TH INFANTRY In Le Haw staging area tentatively scheduld to sail Nov 28 The plan was abandoned while he big aircraft were over Can ada because of bad weather and he elected plane did not have enough fuel to continue another 150 miles beyond the capital The flight leader was Brig leneral Frank A Armstrong Jr of Richmond Va The B29 commanded by Col Kenneth O Sanborn pf Annapolis Md had been designated to try lowan in Flight Washington Joseph S Brody Des Moines was listed by the army airforces as among the men aboard one of the 4 BZ9s which arrived here Thursday on the first nonstop flight from Ja pan to Washington for a record It landed with around 900 gallons of gasoline enough for about 3 hours flight If Sanborn had been able to continue to Cuba he would have covered 7693 milesThe distance to Puerto Rico would have been 8088 miles from Mizutani The distance record of 7153 miles was established by the British in 1938 The flight to Washington was made without prior announce ment and on a casual note in con trast with the previous attempt British Dock Workers to End 5 Week Strike London IP Thousands of striking dock workers in 5 of Britains majorports voted Fri day to accept a union recommen dation to end the 5week work stoppage which has tied up most mportant British shipping cen BRITISH BLAME JEW ELEMENTS FOR TERRORISM Lord Gort Quits Job Colonial Secretary Says Sabotage Planned over Palestine spread Friday to Egypt where a general strike of antiZionist ele ments protesting the Balfour dec laration deteriorated into rioting street fighting and attacks on Jew ish and foreign interests Field Marshal Lord Gort re signed as high commissioner of Palestine because of illness British Colonial Secretary George Hall announced in London Hall charged that the dastardly series of outrages in the Holy Land resulted from very careful planning by a very considerable organization among Jewish com munities The British military command ant in Cairo said 230 civilians and 90 policemen were injured in dis orders but there were no report ed deaths Some 150 were arrest ed mostly for looting He said the situation was well in hand Unconfirmed reports from Al exander said 7 persons were killed there Disorders under the general strike order broke out in Port Said Zagazig and Masoura Disturbances in Egypt centered in Cairo and Alexandria Crowds of rioters protesting on this 28th anniversary of the Balfour dec laration promising the Jews a na tional home in Palestine hurled stones and bricks at Jewish and all other places bearing foreign names Egyptian troops patrolled the street firing into the air to dis perse crowds Arab sections in Palestine also started a general strike against the Balfour declaration and Zion ist aims Saboteurs cajflFalestine railroads in 153 places and only sketchy service was restored At least 4 saboteurs were killed 2 while trying to set off explosives at the Haifa oil refinery The Independent Palestine Post said the Jews have gone over from the defenFive to the offen sive A curfew on motor traffic in Palestine was imposed for between 10 p m and 6 a m In Cairo and Alexandria police Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cool Friday night Low temperature about 28 at Mason City Saturday partly cloudy with slightly ris ing temperature Iowa Fair and cooler Friday and Friday night Saturday partly cloudy Minnesota Fair and colder Friday night Saturday partly cloudy with little change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 60 Minimum 31 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 56 Precipitation Trace Reveal Japs Burned Alive 400 Civilians SEEK TO SETTLE MORSE DISPUTE Employes Walked Out Over Back Pay Issue Representatives of the packing house workers union No 38 of Mason City met with the manage ment of the E G Morse produce plant at 2 Friday afternoon in an effort to settle a dispute over non payment of a wage increase which the war labor board ordered paid retroactively from Feb 2 to July 19 1944 and thus end a strike at the plant which started Thursday morning Employes picketed the plant Thursday and Friday Buy your Victory Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy i Manila testi fied Friday that Japanese soldiers barricaded 1500 civilians in Ma nilas German club set it afire and roasted 400 or more persons to death during the reign of ter ror last February Women who climbed over the barricades and pleaded with the Japanese for mercy were stripped raped as many as 20 times apiece and finally slain one witness told an American military tribunal Francisco Lopez MetroGold wynMayer motion picture repre sentative for the Philippines es timated that altogether 500 Americans Filipinos French Spaniards British Indians and Germans died in the German club massacre Even Gen Tdmoyuki Yama shita the Japanese commander on trial for responsibility for the sad istic tortures committed by his troops leaned forward and lis tened intently as Lopez held the courtroom spellbound with his recital of the massacre But the German club incident was only 1 of 6 such massacres de I scribed in all their revolting de tails during Fridays testimony One witness Ang Be a Chinese mother whose baby was torn from her arms and bayonellcd 4 times by the Japanese leaped from the stand toward Yamashila and had to be ejected forcibly from tne courtroom Testimony also revealed that the Japanese shot to death the Venezuelan consul Albert Del Fino his wife and their foster son in their home after tying their hands behind their backs The prosecution announced at the close of Fridays session that it hoped to complete the 10 remain ing Manila cases Saturday and Monday after which it will pre sent evidence in atrocities com mitted elsewhere in the Philip pines The handsome Lopez was the days star witness Himself a sur vivor his voice rose emotionally as he recalled the slaughter al the German club and the fate o1 those women who voluntarily climbed the barricades to pleac for the lives of those inside I saw at least 20 Japs abuse one 13 year old girl he said Then they cut olf her breasts and made funof them They enjoyed sadists At least 3 other girls remained mconscious on the ground after hey had been ravished repeated ly by the Japanese he said The Japs poured gasoline on their hair and set their heads afire Lopez said While the women were being raped 3 American planes flew over and the women begged the planes to drop bombs and end their suffering Lopez said he and his brother finally decided to attempt to es cape over the barricades because of the intense heat inside the building Their mother aiso a prisoner gave them her blessings he said The brother was shot through the heart and killed as he fled but Lopez escaped with a foot wound Pretty demure Helen Rodriguez testified that her mother was killed by a grenade and 3 brothers were shot to death at the German club and firemen joined Egyptian troops in attempting to quell riots Amer ican service troops were ordered to remain in their barracks Sound trucks coursed Cairo ordering British troops to leave the streets Ambulances carried scores to hospitals from the scenes of riot ing in Cairo Numerous arrests were made by helmeted troops armed with clubs and rifles The demonstrators left paths of broken glass from store windows in their inarches from Mustafa Kernel square to Abzdien palace Strikes against the Balfour dec laration occurred also in the Medi terranean states of Syria and Leb anon between Palestine and Egypt Streetcars and taxis stopped Huge demonstrations were made in the larger cities Syrian and Lebanese newspa pers featured antiZionist articles KENNETJJRGES MERGER PLAN Washington George C Kenney told senators Friday that army and navy arguments and compromises caused delays in the war against Japan Kenney who directed the air forces under General Douglas MacArthur for 3 years urged im mediate congressional approval of a single department of armed forces with coequal coordinate combatant arms of land sea and air Even under war conditions the present system separate army and navy departments frequently re sulted in time lost due to army and navy arguments and compro mises he said If such delays re sulted in prolonging the war just one day what price can we place upon the lives thus lost MOHAWKS FACE FORT DODGE The linal football game of the season between Mason City and Fort Dodge will get under way on Roosevelt field at 8 oclock Friday evening A large group was on its way from Fort Dodge early Friday afternoon and a ca pacity house was expected Friday night The Dodgers undefeated and the favorite to win the Big Seven championship Is seeking revenge for a 76 healing last year ;