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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa Or K A R C H I V C 3 1 c j 1 A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER REDS DRIVE INTO CRIMEA IN NORTH AND ACROSS STRAIT By HENRY SHAPIRO Moscow Russian armored spearhead smashed through the last German defenses on the Perekop Isthmus and drove into the Crimea Tuesday The official German news agency DNB said that Russian forces in the Caucasus had swept across Kerchenski Strait atid landed north and south of Kerch at the eastern tip of the Crimea in an apparent pincers offensive against the peninsula Although the agency claimed that the ma jor part of the soviet forces had Americans Storm on to Bougainville been wiped out it admitted by Allied Headquarters Southwest implication thafthe Russians had pacific a sudden slroke established a bridgehead All signs pointed to speedy soviet conquest of the Black Sea peninsula which has been torn by wars since the year 250 The German garrison had been denuded to a maximum of 90 000 troops and had failed to halt the Russians even tempo rarily on the Perekop peninsula While Russian advance guards fanned out across the northern coastal plains of the Crimea Gen Fedor I Tolbukhms main forces were delivering the coup de grace to straggling tens of thousands of Germanys shattered southern to speed final rcconquest of the Solomons American invasion forces stormed ashore on Bougain ville island Monday to seize Em press Augusta bay and doom thou saiuls of Japanese troops at out flanked bases on the southeast ap proaches to Rabaul a communi que announced Tuesday The surprise landing on the most powerfully in the Solomons croup was carried out by troops under Admiral William F Hal says South Pacific command against slight opposition Gen Douglas MacArlhurs ex army cut off by the lightning Pressed hope that the Japanese soviet advance across the Nogaisk steppes Tolbukhins hardriding Cos sacks and motorized forces drove to within 30 miles of Kherson al the mouth of the Dnieper while infantry and tanks to the rear gave by passed German stragglers the choice of death or surrender The soviet right flank pushed into the Everglades and reached the south bank of the Dnieper river at 2 points above Khakova The Russian breakthrough into the Crimea was foreshadowed by the hurdling of the main defense line on the Perekoo peninsula the Tmkctski Val Turkish Wall Monday with the occupation of the town of Perekop The Rus sians also engulfed Armiansk 5 miles to the south The Russians also broke through the lesser defenses erected be tween Lake Krasnoe and Staroe during the revolution The enemyunits fleeing for their Jives alongJhe narrowing corridor between the Dnieper and the Black sea coast lost contact with one another as the Russian flying columns slashed into their rear Soviet pursuit was so close lhat the Germans have abandoned their attempts to destroy villages they quit The Cossacks for the 1st time since the nazi retreat be gan last August were riding through undamaged towns Thousands of Germans were surrendering after wandering the steppes for days The number of prisoners increased at the fastest rate since Stalingrad Six thou sand were rounded up Saturday and Sunday alone The h a r driding Cossacks completed the cleavage of the fleeing German armies when they reached the south bank of the Dnieper at 2 points 10 miles apart north of Kahkovka where exhausted enemy units sup ported by artillery and piortar fire from the north bank were fighting for their lives with their backs to the river The Dnieper crossing at Kak hovka was a chaotic mass of boats barges and pontoons over which the Germans were trying to escape under a rain of soviet bombs shells and bullets The Cossacks were only a few miles east of Kakhovka whose fate ap peared sealed Comptroller Says Iowa Real Estate Tax May Reach Des Moines o real estate taxes payable in 1944 may reach the 5100000000 mark for the first time since 1931 The estimate was made by the state comptrollers office on the basis of budget figures submitted by 33 counties Tax bills his year on 1043 lev ies totaled SO in crease of S2409000 The increase in 1343 levies is expected to be as much or more Real estate taxes arc levied one year and paid j The 3j counly budgcls showed I Q 3 Q fleet would offer a fight appar ently was not realized as the con voy unloaded its men and sup plies and the troops fanned out over dense jungle trails and rug ged mountains in drives that soon may result in battles with possibly 40000 enemy soldiers Capture of Bougainville site of 9 enemy airdromes would set the stage for the filial blows to smash the bir Japanese base at Rabaul New Britain only 250 fighter northwest of the flat sandy Em press Augusta bay beaches on the west side of the island Jumping 200 miles from the southern Solomons past the scenes of last weeks landings on Choiseul and the Treasury is lands the invasion forces struck while allied aircraft battered Buka and Kieta airdromes 30 miles away to keep down enemy aerial interference rMacArthur talking to report ers the day before the landing said the convoy that made the foray believed to have been un der personal command of Malsey was large enough to tempt out lhe enemys fleet units I dont think they will come out he said but if they do I welcome it He promised to throw in all available air forces to battle the enemys warships if necessary MacArthur revealed the strate gy involved in the attack on Bou gainville northernmost of the Sol omons by pointing out he lacked the airfields to prevent the ene my from getting reinforcements at Rabaul although steady air as saults started on Oct 12 prac tically had knocked out that base TO 3 CENTS Committee Also Drops Double Cigar Tax Washington Wl The house ways and means committee back tracked Tuesday on Ihc oulof lown leitcr rate agreeing to leave lhe charge al 3 cents Mislead of raising it to 4 cents as previously approved The committee also rescinded previous action doubling the laxes on cigars The action lefl 52035000000 in lhe new lax bill against admin istration requests for S10500 000000 in additional revenue Chairman Doughion N Car said S120000OC was lost by cutting back the outoftcwn first class letter rate and 328000 000 by throwing out theincrease in cigar taxes The committee did not disturb other agrecdupon increases in postal and rates The in town first class Idler rale in crease from 2 lo 3 cents was sus tained UNITY OF BIG4 Ickes Warns SharetheCoal Program May Be Necessary Meets With John I Lewis on Getting Miners Back to Work NAILS 7 ZEROS IN wound in exchange for 7 Japanese shot down seems t fair exchange to Tech Sgt Arthur Benko left above of Bisbee Ariz He is having the wound bandaged by Captain Maher adjutant of his heavy bomber group after his return from the foray in which he shot clown the 7 enemy planes The bombers are based somewhere in China The tally brought to 10 ii urn her of zeros with which Benko a gunner is credited Allies Crack End of Nazi Line Below Rome Allied Headquarters Algiers and British 5th army troops cracked the southern end of the main German defense line below Rome Tuesday forward into vital anchor points at a highcost of lives to oust the c1 13 lhe advance toivarc Germans from stronglyhekl Mssieohad totaled only about mountain positions miles indicating the degree Lt Gen Mark Clarks forces nazi resistance in twin drives hacked 2 major chunks irom the nazi Little Rom mel line by stopes of Massico ridge at several points and capturing most oE the Matese mountains toward ihe center of the line Official commentators em phasized that the German line some 90 miles below Rome was not yet crumbling but that the nazis had lost vital paints which they had fought bitterly to hold Driving for a 4mile advance a net increase of SGGSdlM School costs were up SI240675 city and town estimates were up SU5539 and county government budgcls were down 8694590 The increase in school laxcs was attributed to the necessity of increasing pay of teachers and other school employes The big decrease in anticipated county expenditures was credited largely to a sharp drop in poor relief ex penses 4 SISTERS IX MARINES Chicago sisters were nmong the 200 marine women re cruits who left Chicago Monday night for an unidentified training camp The 4 sisters enlisting in Ihc womens marine corps en uiiiHBeti masse arc Dclphinc 25 flora 7 announcement Iria 23 and Muriel Biaggi 21 The 8th air force lost Their home is in Sacramento Cal bcrs OF BOMBS DROPPED U S 8th Air Force Lost 176 Bombers London of the 8lh United States air force dropped 4698 tons of explosives and incendiaries on Germany and enemy targets in occupied coun tries in October The figure compared with 291 ton dropped in October 1342 American flying fortresses and liberators shot down 784 German plones probably destroyed 130 anrt damaged 347 last month the ITS bom British troops captured the town 5f Casanova lo occupy high points on the Massico ridge coastal ain clior of the enemy line installing itself on high ground dominating the plains of the Garigliano river 7 miles northward In the center allied troops fanned out north and northwest of Teano to seize new high ground At the northern end of the 5ths front the Americans seized Matese mountain posi tions dominating the eastern side of the Volturno river and within heavy artillery range of the important enemy pivot at Venafro Exact distance of the gain was not specified Weather and terrain dominated the forward battle front All available mules had been brought up to carry food ammunition and supplies nrcl he troops them selves were forced lo form human chains to pass up shells and heavy cniiipmcnl An allied military spokesman said the allied push had very severely shaken and partly unhitched the German line on tlic western Massico ridge and Matese mountains sectors Advancing at what was official ly described as a heavy cost British forces stormed Massico ridge to capture the town of Cas anova while to the cast American troops seized most of the Matese mountain range which included some of the strongest enemy po sitions The allied spearheads drivine through the western flank of the line methodically were tak insr apart Ihe strongest Ger man defenses below Home some miles away Beyond the mountain line is relatively flat land through which the ad vance could be speeded Official reports said the allied cost in men was considerable but the positions won were among lhose valued enormously by the Germans Some high ground next to the scacoast on the western slopes of Alt Massico fell to the British On the 8th army front to the east the British maintained constant pressure on the Ger mans in fighting which observ ers described as beingr as tough as anything met in Tunisia The British gained an unspeci fied distance on the road to Iscrnia central anchor of the enemy line The official commentator em This Paper Consists of Two One NO 21 Moscow Agreement Called Biggest Blow to German Hopes of Victory SftYNftZMANK FORGE BEATEN Jugoslav Partisans Defeat German Troops London partisan forces have beaten off 4 attacks by German and satellite troops including a tanksupported force in eastern Bosnia inflicting 340 casualties in spreading battles a communique said Tuesday Two hundred Germans were killed or wounded when partisan units aided by Montenegrin guerrillas forced back slronff German forces in a battle near Kolashin 93 miles southeast of Sarajevo The enemy left considerable quantities of war material on the battlefield A German drive trying lo break through from Brchko to Tuzla in eastern Bosnia DO miles southwest of Balgrade was smashed The communique said 1000 German and satellite troops made the at tempt with aid of armored forces On Ihc Serbian border the parlisan Oth division caiiturcd Iflii Germans and sonic guer rillas described as bcin mem bers of Gen Uraja Mikhailo vitchs forces FiEhtine still was ill progress Other successes were scored in western Bosnia where the village of Bcrstoshe was captured and about 35 Germans slain and in Croatia where 3 columns of axis troops trying to start a drive south of Zagreb were beaten off The communique said that a long length of a rail line in the Zagreb area was lorn up and an enemy military train dynamited wrecking Ihc locomotive and 13 cars ON STRATEGY IS BLOW TO NAZIS Conference Regarded Likely to Hasten End of European Conflict By JAMES D WHITE Washington sweeping Moscow agreement was viewed here Tuesday as the greatest single blow lo German hopes of victory that the war has pro duced Unequivocal allied war and after the confronts a beleaguered nazi re gime which recently has plated ull ils chips on proloiiffins the conflict by dividing the allies against themselves The reply from Moscow seems to be clear There is no division and it is the sense of tho 4power conference that there shall be none Secretary of State Hull Foreign Minister Anthony Eden and For eign Commissar Vyaeheslav Mol olov said the joint communique had military experts along who discussed definite operations al ready decided upon and now be ing prepared to create a basis for the closest military cooperation in the future among Britain Rus sia and the United States The announcement apparently burst upon the nazis before they could prepare readymade propaganda counterblasts In a silence which appeared para lytic the nazi radio said noth ing of the momentous Moscow decisions for several hours ex cept to duolc straight from British broadcasts It was conjectured here thai military understandings reachet attbSJSmference werc to the political agreeitienlsTGams in the military field appeared to reside in a better Russian under standing of allied supply prob lems and a more closely mcshcc overall allied strategy from now on While he conference is re Karrtcd as likely to hasten the end of the war by confronting the Germans with a wall of al lied unity and by stirring up re bellion against the nazis all over Europe the lpower joint declaration iu which China joined is considered here to be the historic milestone for which ttic meeting will be remem bered the longest The agreement not only setllca upon joint prosecution of the wai until those axis powers witl which they the united nations are respectively at war have laic down their arms on the basis o unconditional surrender but pro jects the close cooperation current military affairs over into the postwar world for the niain ienancc of peace Washington Admin strator Harold L Ickes who for he 2nd time in fi months is un lertaking to Hot sinking coal niners back on the job under federal management of the mines warned Tuesday that unless pro duction is resumed quickly it nay be necessary to institute a shiircthecoal program Such a program Ickes said might have ti be instituted ainoni householders to protect the health of war production workers lie added that he hoped it would not prove ne cessary but said he was sure persons with mure than enough coal would not hcsilatc lo share it Ickes issued his statement shortly after conferring with John L Lewis president of the united mine workers presumably on arrangements for gelling lne na tions ftiOOOO coal miners to go back lo work Lewis and other UMYV offi cials meanwhile kept silent about any plans they may have fore ending the national strike which caused President Rooseselt to order government seizure of the mines for the 2nd time since May 1 Lewis and the UMW pol icy committee were lo meet al p m It was generally expected that the committee would direct the miners lo go back lo work but llicre was nu positive word The interstate commerce com mission meanwhile prohibited delivery of soft toal from struck mines tu any user with niore than a 10 days supply on hand The ICC did not how ever as in past coal crises at tach any restrictions lo ship ments specifically consigned lo retail dealersnor didit shinmenis to Canada or ship ments from mines which did not suspend operations or have resumed hem this week Ickes appealed lo coal dealers and consumers to cooperate in efforts lo alleviate suffering in homes or institutions which run out of coal He urged consumers who have coal not to order more at a time when their neighbors may have none The UMW president called at Ickes office accompanied 1 He refused to slate the purpose of his call However since Ickes has been given au thorily by President Kooscrclt to negotiate a wagehour con tract with the union it appeared certain that the nurjjusc of he meeting was to discuss prelimin aries to such negotiation President Roosevelt Monday night ordered Secretary Ickes to take immediate possession of Hie coal mines and operate Ihem for the government He said in a statement that the secretary of war may be called upon to take such action as nec essary for protection of the min ers lie said Hie mines should be in operation Wednesday morning He issued an executive order KING VITTOKIO liMAMJEIE ADVISES ITALIAN KING TO RESIGN Baclogho Asks Chance for New Government Somewhere in Italy Vittorio Emanuele Italys mon arch for 13 of them under faced square ly Tuesday with the question of whether he ought to abdicate so Hint his warravaged nation could a representative govcru form nicnL The issue was put lo the aged kin Monday by Premier Pic tro Kadoglio who reluming from a conference with politi cal leaders in Naples told him lhat he could never form such a government while the king retained the throne Count Carlo Sforza prefascist foreign minister is said to have told Badoglio that he would never join the government while the king remained in power In this I he is reported io hare the backing of Benedelto Croce noted philos opher and the national liberation WANTS SENATE FOLLOWUP TO MOSCOW PACT Truman Warns Small Group of Willful Men Could Bungle Peace Washington Harry S Truman D Mo urged the senate Tuesdato follow up the Moscow declarations by going on record with a strong postwar res olution so that a small group of willful men could not again prevent U S collaboration in keeping the peace Truman warned that while the Moscow agreement was a slop to ward the end of American isola tionism the final decision rests with tho treatyratifying senate A small group of wilful men kept us from assuming our world obligations hi 191920 and that same thing can happen again Truman said as the sen ate opened its 7th day of debate on postwar foretell policy Truman blamed ihe present war on that isolationist alti tude t am equally sure that another and a worse war will follow this one unless the united nations and their allies and all other sov eign nations decide to work to gether for peace as they are work ing together for victory he said Truman urged adoption of the j amendment he ynci 13 other sen ators arc proposing to a foreign relations committee declaration in order to place the senate on rec ord in no uncertain terms that it will not again contribute to a condition which will cause an other war Isolation cannot end and will not end he said unless lhe sen ate is willingtoend it Senator James M Tumioll D Md urged adoption of the committee resolution as a suf ficient declaration senate sentiment at this time I do not favor nlacinff all tif front which includes Italys i poj these positions and details i lilical parties Sforxii and Cmee have let it he known hawcvcr that they would not oppose a regency under the I year old Prince of Naples son of Crown Priiiee Lmhcrlo The national libera tion front is said to prefer i re public Badoglio who said in Naples a few days ago that lie intends to form a coalition government which would include all sections of political opinion including communism went to see the king Monday as soon as he stcppcil from an American transport plane which brought him from Naple The king is living with the ruiien and Prince Umberto in a villa close to Badoglios head quarters Yoo Hoo Clark Gable Reports Nazis Not Photogenic and Refuse to Pose Hollywood Clark Gable home from months over seas with the army air force said Tuesday that nazi flyers arc not photogenic al Gable brought 50000 feet of color film with him lo edit at a Hollywood studio for an educa tional air force training film so the kids will know what its like before they go over A raid is difficult lo get on film The cameras arc always frosting up he said And Jerry is a tunny fellow He doesnt come up and pose for you Hes not photogenic not pho togenic at all tm American flyers on bombing phasizcd the Germans were not forays over Europe arc very quiet in retreat b u t on the contrary They are not quite like their mo were resisting every allied attack lion piclure counterparts he said in the strongest possible way He pointed out thai since Military Agreements Only as to Timing Washington U R on the timing of various military strokes against Germany were bei which said Oklahoma Citv ilille asked Jieved Tuesday to have been The secretary of ihc interior his reachedat the Moscow conference I is authorized and directed to lake t Robert W McNcilly printer 3rd The ioinl communique staled jimmediate possession so far as class al Pearl Harbor is going to may be necessary and desirable of any and all mines producing coal in which a strike or stoppage has occurred or is threatened to gether with any and all real and personal properly franchises rights facilities funds and otber assets used in connection with the operation of such mines and lo operate and arrange for the opera vsltm soldier Pf tion of such mines in such manner I R a model your son When his a wliilf as he deems necessary for the suc cessful prosecution of the war and to do all things necessary for or incidental to the production sale and distribution of coal i Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army fortes starlcd Iheir offensive I the Vollurno river above Naples Mhcn tiuyiiiE a nack of cijarclh i forces coiilribulc m to Cicarcts lor Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas that there had been frank and exhaustive discussions of the measures to be taken to shorten the war against Germany and her satellites in Europe That was not interpreted as meaning that new important strategy originated in Moscow The lop military men were not there AngloAmerican plans for months ahead were made at the Quebec conference in August and at previous RooseveltChurchill meetings It is widely believed thai they call for allied invasion of western Europe in Ihc spring under Ihe command of Gen j George C Marshall U S chic of staff The plans were made on the basis of American and Brilish re sources and the soviet union could offer little to change them The Russians have fought their own war in the and the Russian victory this autumn depended largely upon the Russians themselves Thus any military understanding reached at Moscow must have beci pret ty much in the matter of timing Observers believed that the An gloAmerican representatives at Moscow may have made certain commitment on timing which the combined chiefs of staff felt could now be made for lhe first time Those mighl have included plans which last summer were contin gent on the way events unfolded but which now cap be reduced to specific dates of time intervals MONROF FLYER KILLED The trend of events is far more i GrccnsburK Pa Earl clear now HIHII lav Miim wheitiC Calkins Monroe Iowa win Gen D w i g h t D Eisenhowers one of 4 navy flyers killed in gel a pair of rayon panic rib bunlrmimcd and sachetbagged Mamma Mrs Anna McNcil ly said her son wrote How about sonic bright shorts The GI brand is hopeless Mrs JMciXcilly made a pair Al the USO club she found a soldier Kino Poli I to tcrve In carrying out this order lie secretary of the interior shall act through or with Ihc aid iif such public or private instru mentalities or persons as he may designate He shall permit Ihr nianagcnicnl lo continue ils managerial functions to the maximum decree possible con sistent with the aims of this order The president said the si shall make employment available and provide protection to all cm ployes resuming work at such mines and to all persons seeking employment so far as they may aspcci Holiscna is going wear these buddies yet a look or nt those his life is going to be rough1 rm take care cif him self Mrs McVeilly declared Buy War Savings wills anil from your GlobcGazcttc carrier boy LciljWeather Report FORECAST Mason Cilj Fair ami continued cool Tuesday night and Wed nesday Lowest temperature at be needed and upon the request Mason City 28 of the secretary of interior the secretary of war shall lake such air nlx action if any as he may deem Tuesday night ly deem i necessary or desirable to provide protection lo all such persons and mines w i th freezing Tuesday night and continued cold lit and Wednesday tempera lures IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night Al 8 a m Tuesday were for an at plane crash near here last Satuv YEAR AGO I tempted tamling in Ilaly and Ihc j Russian steamroller was only i getting under way day afternoon Calkins was in Maximum charge of the ship the navy nn Minimum 1 nounced Monday I Snowfall 25 Trace declaration nf policy Tumicll said I believe they more Properly belong1 lo the peace table anil the pence treaty Tunnel said there was nothing contrary Iu the Comially resolu tion in lite Moscow declaration but he added f dont think the senate should simply endorse lhe Moscow agreement as a instead il should go ahead and pass ils own resolution There was a possibility how ever that he senate would be confronted with the language of the Moscow acrceinciit as a substitute for both tfie commit tee resolution and the nropnscd amendment Senator Scott V Lucas D III said he considered debate after the Moscow declaration wholly iinticJimaclic and said he was considering offering the Moscow language as a substitute The purpose of such a imivc he said wimld lie lo end Ihc senate debate He poinlcd out llial the principle enunciated at Moscmv had won the acclaim of the supporters of the com mittee resolutions is well as nf the small jrinii proposing In strensth and clarify it Committee Chairman Tom Con nally IX Tex said I feel there ir no difference in the principles of Ihc committee resolution and those in tlic Moscow declaration Senator Lister Hilt D Ala a leader of the opposing group said The Moscow declaration is in sum and substance what we are offering in nur amendment Senator Carl A Hatch X Jlev one of tlic sponsors of the KallBiirlonIlatchHill resolu tion said he would vote for the Moseinv language if Lucas of fcrcil it Coniuilly however still objects to any change in his committees resolution The BallBurton HalchFull group claimed adop tion of Ihc Comially resolution would repudiate the Moscow declaration The Moscow agreement signed by representatives of the United lSIites Ihc soviet union Great Britain and China included a pledge to work toscllicr after the war for peace and security iti co operation in an international or ganization with likeminded states large and small and a pledge not to use Ihcir military forces with in the territories of other states except for the purposes envis aged in Ihis declaration and after joint consultation Many senators believed lhat the pledge against use of military force within territories of other slates except to preserve peace and alter consultaion repudiated j fears that Russia migtit seize by force Iutvia Lithuania Estonia and parts of Poland It should be a pcrfccl answer to those who have feared that Russia would use force lo sup ;