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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS vol dated Press and United Press I Leased Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 1 1945 This Consists of Two Se NO China Reds Spurn osalof Peace Chungking hinese dispatch from Tientsin m 1 TT hursday said that soviet forces I I M 11 f i Manchuria would start a large Ji Cv V d JJL UJ U ale withdrawal Friday and it be completed by Dec 1 The Chldese report from Chang hun asserted that Chineseforces vould shortly be transferred to to take over garrison luties and the entire operation would be completed by Dec 3 Problems connected with the transfer of authority have been settled the report said Negotiations leading to the settlement were conducted for China by Gen Hsiung ShihHui director of Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks branch headquarters atChangchun and Chiang CBung Kuo the Generalissimos elder son who is special commissioner for foreign affairs in Manchuria MeanwhileChinese communists expressed open dissatisfaction over the role played by United States in China and spurned the latest proposal of the Chinese central government aimed at avoiding full scalecivil war The NoV Vcommunist leader Gen Chou here in an interview there ris no necessity at all forUnited Stales transpor tation ol Kuomintang govern ment troops to areas whlchcom raunists have recovered from the Japanese The latest such assistance was the movement this week by the U S 7th flett of government troops to the portof Chinwahgtao east of PeipjngOnly 10 miles southwest of that port occupied recentlyi by U S marines the communists announced Wednes daythey have seized the Peitaiho station on the PeipingMufcden railroad A spokesman of Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks cabinet had said thecommunists informed Chungking theywould fire on government troops landing from American ships in communists liberated areas but General Chou denied this N Lt Geni Albert C Wedemeyer commander of American military forces in China has agreed in in terviews that therqle of his men In redistributing central govern ment forces Aoes strengthen Chi position but has instated sneh does not direct fiction The Jy proposed vthat the communist forces inthetrouble spots of north China withdraw froiri railroad line asevidence of good faith in return for permission to police sectors they how occupy Thursday informed quarters said the communists have rejected that proposal as Walkout Hits Buses BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A strike of 4000 AFL employes halted service on 6 Greyhound bus lines east of the Mississippi Thurs day and a union officer said it might spread over the whole country George E Slff president of a local of the Amalgamated Asso ciation of Street Electric Railway and Motor Coach employessaid If asettlement is not reached s oo n the strike may spread throughout thecountry Travel of thousands of passen gers was impeded by the strike resultingfrom awage dispute The walkout of drivers ticket agents and garage employes after unsuccessful efforts at concilia tion affected service on 6 Grey hound lines serving scores of cities A has line spokesman in New York City said the runs would be shut down as the com pany did not Plau to hire substt Senators Approve Tax Cutting Bill fate drivers The strikers left their jobs in New York Chicago Columbus Ohio Washington Bos tpn and other cities at the mid night strike deadline shortly after afederal conciliator in Washing ton said a 3man parley had failed to effect a settlement The AFL Amalgamated Street Railway and Motor Coach employes union was asking fora quartercent increase in the mileage rate for from of a cent to a full cent Thedrivers want 575 cents a mile of the jresent rate of 5 cents for easterriTdriving and 475 in the Chicago and St Louis Society Women of Manila Relate Mass Rape by Japs Blanila told a military tribunal Thursday that Japanese soldiers killed a former Filipino supreme court justice and 14 his friends some of whom were burned alive and repeatedly raped 40 of Manilas most beautiful and sociallyprominent women The tribunal must decide whether Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita Japanese commander in the Philippines in 1944 and 1945shall die for the mass rape torture and by his forces during an 8day reign of terror before theAmerican liberation of Manila last February Women and girls ravished as many as 15 times during thatweek of horror confronted Yamashita in the courtroom and told in all its revolting detail the story their enforced shame Press and public1 were barred from the session GOOjGOO GLAD TO SEE YOU Sheer enthusiasm greets the occupying forces of the First Marine division in Tientsin China as they parade through the streets of the city Here one of the Leathernecksgets a lot of at tention from ashe and aChinese infant ex change hellos This is anofficial United States Marine Corps photo affected by the strike areas Lines were the Central England Greyhound Pennsylvania Greyhound Canadian Greyhound Illinois Greyhound and Eastern Greyhound The number of pas sengers carried daily was not im mediately determined but a com pany spokesman thatthe Sepr tember daily ayeragefortheCen British Intelligence Claims Hitler and Mistress Are Dead Berlin headquarterssaid Thursday that evidence sifted from intelligence reports shoves as conclusively as possible without the Hitler and his mistress Eva Bfaun died last April 30 in the bunker of the rcichschancellpry Their bodies later were bunied just outside the bunker the British Intelligence reports said even asRussian armies were applying the last touches to the conquest of Berlin The British report said committed by shootinghimself through the the digest of the womens testi mony was made available later The story of the burning alive of 15 residents of a section of Manila known as Pax court was told by Dr Walter K Frahkel a German Jew refugee afterthe court was reopened to the public for the afternoon session Frankel testified that the Japa nese altogether rounded up 19 in habitants of Pax court including former Supreme Court Justice Antonio Villareal Mrs Villareal Frankel himself and Mrs Frankel They tied our hands behind our backs and gathered us ina semi circle in a corner of one room he said They made as kneel face downward while they pulled fur niture in the room about us and spread gasoline on the cushions of the furniture Then a Jap hurled a grenade It killed Villareal and started a ilipinos Chinese Russians and panish AMiss N testified that she omplained to a Japanese lieuten nt name Kito but he said the men were from the front lines and ould do as they desired Another witness said another of cer told her that orders had been ssued to kill all white women but le had decided to keep hem and use them as a shield gainst the advancing Americans mouth and his mistress by t aking poison Afterthe suicide the bodies wereUtaken intothe garden just Renew Policy of Hands Off ii China Rift Washington of ficials admit that U S policy in north China looks strange but they insist that American troops are not there to intervene in the civil war the Chinese communists and Chiang Kai Sheks forces Secretary of State James F Byrnes when asked about the sit uation at his press conference Wednesday Insisted that V S ma rines had been sent to north China only to effect the surrender and demobilization of Japanese forces That is part of the U S obliga tion Byrnes said and where nec 1 it this country will was between 40000 and 50JOOO Across the country continuing labor disputes kept idle about 255000 workers a drop of some 20000in the last 24 hours A strike vote involving 50000 Western Union Telegraph com pany employes outside New York City was asked Wednesday by an AFL board representing 3 onions after members said efforts to settle a wage dispute failed The union askinga 25 per cent wage boost said the company had refused any increase and termed grossly unfair a war labor board order for a flat 5 cents an hour hike The board said a nationwide strike would tie up the reconver sion program In New York a company spokesman said both the union and the company had agreed to accept the decision and the company had received no official protest against the ruling The number of workers in the San Francisco bay area made idle by a strike of 10000 AFL and CIO machinists increased to about 45 000 Thursday as labor and man agenment resumed conferences aimed to settle the work stoppage RISE IN BUTTER c V leader of the nazi party and sev eral drenched with gaso lineand burned the British con cluded Operations in some 200 plants in the area were halted or curtailed I and the closing of a plant pro help Chiang Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer U S commander in China told the United Pressin San Francisco earlier before returning to China that the U S was helping to move Chiangs forces into north China to carry out the xepatri avion of 4 000000 Japanese soldiers and ci vilians Chinese communist spokesmen have accused the United States of intervening in Chinas internal af fairs They have been especially critical of the fact that U Si trans ports under cover of American warplanes landed Chiangs troops at Shanhaikwan astride the great wall south of which communist armies have massed for a stand against Chiang milk paper cons deliveries Milk however still was available in most San Francisco stores and supplies to hospitals were near normal President Trumans Tuesday night speech on wageprice pol icy advocating a reasonable boost in for workers resulted in new demands by 2 unions 4 Killed in NewOutbreak in Palestine Jerusalem o ur persons were killed and at least10 injured as JewishArab political differ ences led to a new outbreak of disorders Thursday during which systematic attacks were made on railway communications through out Palestine British military headquarters announced that Palestine rail lines were cut In alxmt 50 places A British military communique attributed the attacks to Jews Blame was not immediately at tached to any specific group but an exhaustive police and military investigation was underway all over Palestine Police captured 5 armed Jews following the holdup of a train between Jerusalem and Lydda Police launches in Haifa and Jaffa harbors blew up from mines at 2 a m r sank and 2 others were seriously damaged A mysterious explosion which rocked Jerusalem shortly before midnight was belleved to have been the resultof an attack upon the railroad v Buy your Victory Bonds anc Stamps from yojr GlobeGazette carrier boy ARMY DISCHARGE SCORE CUT TO 60 900000 Additional Soldiers to Get Out Washington if The armys discharge score for enlisted men was lowered Thursday from 70 to 60 making approximately 900000 additional soldiers eligible for re lease Announcement that the redac tion would be effective Thursday previously had been made by Gen George C Marshall army chief of staff The discharge score for en listed WACS also was dropped from 38 to 34 but scores for all officers and nurses were left un changed Strikes At o Glance By UNITED PRESS Labor troubles kept 266000 American workers idle Thursday ac cording to aUnited Press count The major disputes strike of 4000 Greyhound bus employes seeking to enforce wage demands paralyzed the companys trans portation throughout the eastern U S from the Atlantic seaboari to the Mississippi river and from theCanadian border as far sout as Louisville Ky and management leaders met for the 2ni day with federal conciliators in an attempt to settle a wildcat strik of San Francisco Bay area machinists which has idled 55000 other workers than 500 ground crew and maintenance work ers remained on strike at LaGuardia field New York against th American Export Airlines rolled again in half a dozen Hollywood studio as 7000 AFL film craftsmen returned to work for the first time i 34 weeks brightened for settling a 39 day old north west lumber strike as operators announced they were ready an willing to negotiate AFL demands for a minimum hourl Tex the nations largest Inland port re mained strikebound by a work stoppage of AFL warehousemen CIO glass workers continued a strike against 1 LibbyOwensFord and Pittsburgh Plate Glass company plants fol lowing a breakdown in contract negotiations strike vote was scheduled within the next 30 days among some 600000 CIO steel workers pressing for a a day in crease peace reigned as the United Automo bile Workers CIO prepared for showdown negotiations with th industrys Big Chrysler and General union de mands for a 30 per cent pay boost Boost Aids BuVirig i Des A 5 to 6 cents pound increase in retail butter rices became effective Thursday week ahead of original OPA lans The OPA said In Washington the ate was moved ahead to prevent nterference with normal ution of butter The agency said that with yholesalers price ceilings going p 5 cents a pound Thursday as cheduled retailers would be re uctant to purchase at the sharply ncreased cost to them if this in rease could not be reflected im lediately in their ceiling prices The increased prices result from of a government sub idy of 5 cents a pound which has ieen paid to processors Walter p Kline district OPA ire c tor directed Iowa creameries mtter manufacturers primary istributors to make an immedi ate inventory of their stocks as a asis for recovery ly the federal government of the subsidy irior to Thursday paid In explaining low to take the inventory Kline said Manufacturersmust first take he total number of pounds of butter owned by them at the opening of business Nov 1 and multiply this total by 5 cents a xjund second if you are a manu facturer deduct an amount equal to5 cents a pound for any number of pounds manufactured by you or which you have not and will not claim a subsidy third deduct an amount equal to 5 cents a pound for any number of pounds bought by you on or after Nov 1 from a supplier who was entitled to charge you and for which you paid the 5 cents higher ceiling authorized by this amendment and 4th deduct from the re sult of this computation This is the amount you owe the United States treasury If no amount is shown to be due no payment need be made The OPA director emphasized that creameries manufacturers and jobbers alike must also show the number of pounds of butter owned by them at the close of business night Kline said all manufacturers and distributors niust file a computa tion whether payment is due the treasury or not Beports must be in the form of an affidavit to the OPA in Washington showing the quantity of stocks on hand and the computations Klineexplained that the reason for the order is to recover the 5 cents subsidy paid by the United States treasury and prevent un warranted profit being passed on to the consumer in addition to the subsidy Frankel said Mrs Villareal fell across her husbands body with a scream whereupon a Jap sno1 her in the neck Mrs Frankel gasped My and another Jap shot her through the neck Frankel said She was killed and her blood went all over me he testified Frankel saidtanother woman in the group succeeded in untying his handsdespite her own bonds then he untiedthe womans hands arii the Sfter left Another witness testified in th tilling of 2 American civilians Henry and Tony Daland The both were slain by Japanese whi fired their home the witness saic Testimony dnrlng the closed morning session revealed that th Japanese gathered 400 socially prominent Manila residents in 3 public square Feb 9 and separatei the men from the women and girls The Japanese than chose 2 young good looking girls too them to a cafe and plied them will food and liquor then assembler them on an upper floor of th swanky Bayview hotel Japanese officers and enlistet men took their choice of the girls forced them into single rooms anc raped them Many were virgins o only 12 or 14 The same procedure was fol lowed for the next six days at th Bayview hotel Some women an girls were ravished in the mai dining room in the presence c others detained by the Japanesi Other girls were taken to th Boulevard Alhambra and Mirama apartments for similar mass rapi Altogether the orgy continued fo 8 days with the vicitims includin Even Mayor Finds His Car Soaped Maybe your garbage can was nissing Thursday morning or perr laps you found your tires flat ust when you needed the jalopy or a quick dash to the office Most distressing But there is somd solace in knowing that even Vlayor Howard E Bruce did not escape it He found soap apparr ently no shortage on nis car But Halloween pranksters were considerate Although police rec ords show that 32 investigations were made the highest figure in 4 years UUle damage was re ported gangs of mischief makr mafcing ohtKeT tGTYeast of All Saints And theycall it the Holy Eve If anyone did see any witches ghosts or fairies didnt report it to police they There was no end to the va riety of pranks which left house wives and businessmen exasper ated or merely resigned to the yearly repetition of pranks Nothing unique in the way of ingenious ideasto provoke the public was reported other than soaped windows deflated tires loose light bulbs door knobs 3nd barricaded streets garbage dis tributed in streets or a few un common noises designed to startle the most steelnerved house holder Hope Mounts in Strike of British Dock Workers London Hope mounted Thursday that the 38dayold un authorized strike of 40000 British dock workers would end this weekend Stevedores at Liverpool where the strike began were scheduled to vote on a backtowork reso lution Thursday Seize Properties Berlin if Marshal Zhukov Thursday ordered seizure of all properties of the German state The nazi party and its former leaders in the Hussianoccupicd zone in Germany PRESIDENT SOEKARNO Spurn His Order if Indonesians Defy Order of President Batavia Java fP Extremist Indonesian forces apparently out of control of President Soekarno of the Indonesian republic were reported intensifying their attacks on thiri British forces in several sections of central and western Java Thursday hi defiance of an order of their president to cease JiMagelani 3 British fighter Planes struck at extremists and supported Gurkha troops in recap turingmost of the town after the Indonesians had opened up with mortarsA bombing line was re ported to have been established at Magelang to prevent extremist forces from reaching the town Elsewhere the tenseness which gripped this island for weeks lifted perceptibly following a meeting between Dutch and na tionalist leaders the first attempt at reaching a mutual understand ing President Soekarno heading the nationalists at the conference in Batavia Wednesday night pre sented arguments for recognition of an Indonesian de facto govern ment and the Dutch pleaded for cooperation as serving the best interests of all concerned The Dutch information service an nouncing the meeting said it was informal and discussions were of an orientating nature In a broadcast appeal fo the In donesians Wednesday night Soek arno told the Indonesians to lay down their arms and solve all misunderstandings in close coop eration with the allies He said differences of opinion over trivi alities could be solved readily There is no reason for us to take up arms against the allied forces Soekarno said They come only to disarm and evacuate the Japanese and further to take care of internees and to main tain lawand order in allied occu pation areas His broadcast followed the talks between Soekarnos unrecognized cabinet and 2 Dutch government officials MEASURE GOES TO PRESIDENT FOR SIGNATURE Bill to Lift Afl Income Tax for 12000000 Washington senate approved the tax reduction bill Thursday sending ii to the white house for President Trumans signature The house on Tuesday had ac cepted the final form of the mea sure as worked out by asenate house conference Admittedly a quickie biU to bridge the gap between VJ day and enactment of comprehensive postwar tax legislation Heduce everybodys income tax lift all income taxliability from 12000000 persons and give veter ans special taxpreference for to tal individual reductions of 000000 Repeal the excess profits tax on corporations along with the de clared value excess profits levy and the capital stock tax and re duce the combined normal and surtax rates on business by from 2 to 4 percentage points for a to tal corporate saving of 000 end the use tax on cars and boats reducing federal revenue by and Freeze the social security pay roll tax throughout 1946 at the present rate 1 per cent each on employers and employes The bill makes no change in the wartime excise taxes on such things as furs and cosmetics The house had voted to set these back their 1942 rates next July but the senate balked drawing salaries or wages feel the diately after theyllhave smaller tax withholding from their pay envelopes Savings to individuals under the new income tax provisions are illustrated by such comparisons as these A married person with 2 de pendents salary a year tax under old law none under new Married man no dependents income tax under old law under new Single person salary old law new Persons with incomes less than can read their tax liability directly off tables which will be prepared and sent out by the in ternal revenue bureau Those who have to figure their tax will find the going more com plicated First the 3 per cent nor mal tax is put on the same exemp tion basis as the graduated surtax apiece for the taxpeyer and each dependent Second the sur tax rate is trimmed by 3 percent age points in each bracket Final ly the taxpayer is allowed to re duce the total normal and surtax obligation thus figured by 5 per cent Veterans who served in the en listed ranks will be forgiven all federal income taxes on their service pay from 1941 on Officers get additional time in which to pay up their back taxes without r interest GETS THE INSIDE STORY Gen Saito com mander of al prisonerofwar camps in Singapore before the citys liberation by British forces is shown cleaning up the cell in which he is being held as a suspected war criminal by the Allied powers Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Thursday night and Fri day Iowa Clearing south and west portions and occasional rain northeast portion Thursday Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with scattered showers northwest Thursday night and south and east por tions early Friday Colder Fri day Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Snow Hurries northeast and extreme north portion Colder Friday and northwest portion Thurs day night Moderately strong northwesterly winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 45 Minimum 33 Precipitation 10 At 8 a m Thursday 40 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 48 EXPECT MORE INFANT SHOES Washington white shoes hard to find fop months should be plentiful again soon the war production board said Thurs day Prospects are looking up be cause the ingredient used to whit en leather titanium is available once more for civilian products Duringthe war said WPB vir tually the entire supply of titani um was requisitioned by the armed forces for use in paints and for other military purposes Government shoe and leather officials predicted also that the end oE shoe rationing will be a factor in increasing supplies of infants footwear Until last May babies sizes were not rationed They went on the list at that time in a move to increase production childrens shoes MORE UNEMPLOYED Chicago insurance benefits in Illinois during July were 43 per cent higher than those paid in June according to Robert L Gordon state director oE labor July unemployment compensation totaled 51391851 It was paid to 22925 persons while was paid to 16014 unemployed workers in June ;