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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 1, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND LHE5 VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copyl JWASONCITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER I 19H JAPS REVEAL B29S OVER TOKYO British Commandos Storm Ashore on Holland SMASH INLAND IN WALCHEREN ISLAND THRUST Pincers Drive Directed at Last Nazis Barring Sea Lane to Antwerp London comman dos stormed ashore Wednesday on the southern and western coast of Walcheren island and were mak ing good progress Wednesday night in a pincers drive to smash the last Germans barring the sea lane to Antwerp The seaborne forces landed as Canadians burst across the steel torn causeway on to the eastern edge of the island establishing a small beachhead there despite heavy nazi resistance A dispatch from Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomerys headquarters declared the com mandos were biting inland across the flooded island Berlin earlier said allied am phibious forces had landed near Vlissigen Walcherens biggest city with strong aerial and naval protection The Belfin radio said Wednes day night German reconnais sance planes have observed a bat tleship of the King George class 4 cruisers and numerous landing vessels which indicates that other attempts on Walcheren are to fol low The official German news agency said the first wave of forces landing in Flushing harbor were wiped out but reinforce ments fought to the outskirts of the town The enemy used about 50 to60 landing boats the announcement said The Canadians cut out a foot hold several hundred yards deep nn the eastern edge of the island 8 miles northeast 01 Vlissingen after crossing the lone narrow causeway from conquered Beve land island under a hail of bul lets and shells Resistance on the south shore of the Schelde estuary weakened perceptibly supreme headquar ters said and Canadians in a 3 mile advance fought into the coastal village of Knocke Per haps less than 2000 Germans re mained in this pocket southwest ot Vlissingen 7900 had already been captured The allies landed on Walcheren after an artillery barrage from the south shore of the Schelde estuary only recently cleared of Germans the Berlin broadcast said It gave no hint of the progress of the as sault and there was no allied con firmation of such a landing Adjoining south Beveland island however had been captured in the same kind of sflueeze attack with British forces landing on the southern coast while Canadians pushed across the land causeway Threequarters of Walcheren had been flooded by allied bomb breaching of its dikes with sea water sweeping over some ot the German batteries controlling the estuary approach to alliedheld Antwerp Below the Maas river allied col umns struggled through kneedeep mud in pursuit of Germans escap ing over the river behind a screen of stubborn rearguard actions All field dispatches indicated the Germans had generally suc ceeded in escaping an allied trap Berlin declared Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery had never drawn on the mass oE his forces around Nijmegen for the battle to clear southwestern Hol land but was keeping them intact for an offensive aimed at reach ing the north German plain The skillful enemy withdrawal apparently already has saved a large proportion of the 40000 Ger man troops previously reported south of the Maas The allied closenp to the Maas was being slowed br every trick of mine fields and snipins It was expected that the Ger mans would make a major stand nn a line extending from the great Dutch port of Roterdam to Arn hem along the north bank of the Neder Rhine The Brazzaville radio reported that the British had crossed the Maas just north of S Hertogen bosch But there was no confirma tion at supreme headquarters A dispatch from Canadian first army headquarters said the Can adians had taken 18000 prisoners and liberated 850 square miles of Belgian and Dutch Terrain since Oct 6 The day infantry veterans pushed across the Leopold canal to begin the battle to clear Ant werps approaches A British column reached the Maas Tuesday north of Capellc U S AMTRAC AIDS SOLDIERS THROUGH PHILIPPrNB atcm an Am trac prepares to toss a rope to infantrymen wallowing through the muck on Leyte island as Americans moved inland in the battle to oust the Japanese Wreck Jap Barges Off Leyte Coast Allied Headquarters Philip pines UR American torpedo boats and fighter planes clamped a tight airsea blockade on the west coast of Leyte Wednesday wrecking Japanese barges and luggers attempting to run rein forcements across the Camotes sea from Cebu for a last stand against American invasion forces Radio Algiers said the Japa nese have declared martial law in Manila or damaged 20 barges at Ormoc the enemys last remaining strone nold on Leyte Wednesday while torpedo boats blasted Z luggers to the bottom of Ormoc bay and also sank 2 lighters in Surigao Straio off the south coast of Leyte It is at Ormoc west coast sea and air base that the Japanese are expected lo make their final stand on Leyte in on attempt to delay the American liberation of the Philippines Gen Douglas MacArthur re ported his ground forces were con tinuing their advance up the Leyte valley unchecked Units ot the 24th division driving to ward a junction with the first TAKE COVER FROM JAP troops of the last wave which opened the invasion of the Philippine island of Leyte take cover from Japanese machine gun fire the allied communique reported and farther west the Mark rivel was crossed due north of Ouden bosch and northwest of Breda on the main road to the Moerdijk 1T1 bridge over Hollandsch Diep the seward arm ot the Maas Bad weather which grounded allied aircraft and kept infantry and armor struggling in kneedeep IS Another Area Is Wrecked failure to close the trap on the beaten German forces On the east flank of the widen ing Dutch salient however Brit ish infantry reinforced the hard pressed American forces and hurled the enemy out of Liese as bitter fighting continued in the Maas bulge west of the Dutch border city of Venlo Another German attempt to cross the south canal at Nederweert 15 miles southeast of Eindhoven was smashed Twentv prisoners were taken and 50 enemy soldiers were killed in this action and a dispatch from head quarters said the Gelman counter thrust in this area so far has cost the enemy at least 20 tanks and 400 prisoners Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with record high temperatures Wednesday after noon Increasing cloudiness and continued warm Wednesday night Thursday showers with cooler in afternoon Windy Iowa Fair and warmer Wednes day followed by showers and considerably cooler northwest portion Wednesday night and entire state Thursday Fresh to strong winds Tuesdays high 82 at Council Bluffs Tuesday mghfs low 40 at Iowa City Minnesota Cloudy with occasion al rain and much colder Thurs day night Thursday cloudy with occasional rain south and snow flurries north portion Much colder Fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Tuesday 77 Minimum Tuesday night 48 At 8 a m Wednesday si YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum bulletin said rcconnassance forces were routed north of Grosstrakehnen London UR than 500 British heavy bombers blasted an other huge section Cologne into blazing rubble Tuesday night boosting ihe ionnage of explo sives dumped on that battered city in the last 4 days alone to 10800 Thus in the last SJ hours has been Bombarded with 1500 more tons of bombs than the Germans dropped on London duriiiir the entire 11 month blitz of 194011 cavalry corps on the north coast wsii MUHCLIU sum were only 8 miles below the port illere were artillery duels in East of Carigara Prussia and that German fighting On the central sector 24th corps patrols probed westward along mountain trails crossing the waist ot the island Enemy units hear Dagami 10 miles inland were surrounded and destroyed while I the mopup of Japanese positions hill assault on burning Cologne with a light stab at p m then the 4 engined Lancasters and Hali faxes followed through at 9 p m with a 2300 ton attack that left spreading conflagrations below The raids were the 7th and 8th since Saturday on Cologne Ger manys 4th largest city industrial and railway capital of the Rhine objective of her use as armies land Jw the American first army in east ern Germany The air ministry already has an nounced that the allies intend to destroy Cologne Jo prevent its fur a base for German Heavy clouds obscured the tar get area Tuesday night but Path finder planes placed markers over the objectives and a communique described the bombing as concen trated The mysterious radio Atlantik said fires had been burning in lognc since Saturday with fire ui gades unable to cope with the situ ation Entire streets were said to be impassable Other Mosquito bombers Tues day night bombed Hamburg Ger manys biggest port while night fighters and intruder planes kept i Will attacks on German airfields Three RAF planes were lost in all opera tions carrier boy yotr Reds Fight in Streets of Kesckemet Moscow VP motor ized infantry is clearing scattered enemy detachments from 3 sides of Kesckemet while other red army troops are battling fiercely in the streets of the city 44 miles southeast of Budapest front dis patches said Wednesday Soviet tanks artillery and in fantry are pouring into a GO mile wide break in the enemys de fenses between the Danube and the Tisza rivers the dispatches added At captured Izsak 17 miles southwest of Kesckemet the Russians were only 13 miles below Budapest The army newspaper Red Star discolseri that the new offensive aimed at Budapest got under way at least 3 days ago and overran a defense zone where the enemy concentrated as many as 20 anti tank guns to the mile Thus far the offensive has swept up 200 Hungarian cities towns and villages more than 4 000 prisoners and control ot sev eral hundred square miles oC new territory the Russians declared Front dispatches said the Hun garian 23rd infantry division was virtually destroyed its commander killed and the deputy commander and most of the staff captured as soviet armor and a wave of tom my gunners broke into Kesckemct Inside the provincial seat with a population of 83000 enemy resisted stubbornly Russian tanks in superior num bers beat off German armored counterattacks A correspondent for Izvestia re ported that soviet forces increased the fury ot their assault toward Budapest tenfold after they dis covered bodies of 4 red army pris slain by the alin5iain oy tne Germans and Hungarians The prisoners arms and heads had been hacked off and their bodies showed traces of being tortured by fire the correspondent as serted The Russians also pushed to ward Budapest on a front 120 miles northeast of the capital They captured 50 places including the large town of Hajdunanas In thecapture of Nyiregyhaza a district center northwest of De brecen 1500 Germans and Hun garians were killedwhile the Rus sians advanced 12 miles the com munique added The soviet forces retook the town after being Pusiled out of it The soviet war Behind the front lines Mac Arthur said our forces are con solidating and establishing inter mediate bases made necessary by the rapidity of our advance Mop ping up small scattered enemy parties and snipers is in progress Eleven enemy planes were shot down during smallscale attacks on American positions and ship ping j yo broadcast said Japaj on Leyte bay causing enormous damage to installations There still were more than 30 American warships and more than GO trans ports in Leyte bay Tuesday Chough the major portion of the hit Sen Wilson Feeling Fine After Operation Rochester Minn S Senator George A Wilson R Iowa who underwent an opera tion 2 weeks ago at a hospital here said Wednesday he is feeling fine and plans to leave Friday for his home in Des Moines for a few days before returning to Washing ton Wilson declined to comment on the nature of the operation RED DRIVE Arrow indicates red army offensive which reached Kesckemet southeast of Budapest in Hungary Shad ed tine is iattlefront as last defined by Moscow 13 VEHICLES IX QUOTA DCS IWoincs ve hicles make up the new automo bile quota for the 64 counties of the DCS Moines office of price ad ministration district for Novem ber The quota is I less than that for October utimiK Athens Shops Closing Last Confidence in Drachma Fades all over Athens were closing Wednesday as last vestge of confidence in Greek money disappeared igers an ntruder planes kept the Past hours the value of the drachma slid from the fan enemy planes on the ground with astic figure of 10000000000000 to 22000000000000 for attacks on German airfields ThrnP British gold sovereign fnominallv u ivn uuuuuu for British gold sovereign nominally faCt Cross has been unable to distribute regular haVraiiSrt a t a system breakdown to buy gofd great rSC m Iree markct prices and the lo solve Grecces financial problems continued PVTV risf r apParntly Pns some hopes on remittances from expatriate Greeks to families in Ihe homeland HOPECHIANGTO MAKE CHANGES PUSH JAP WAR Supreme Attempt to Reinvigorate Chinas War Effort Reported IVasbington President Roosevelt is making a clean sweep of top American personnel in China including Ambassador Clarence E Gauss in a supreme attempt to reinvigorate the Chi nese war effort under leadership of Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek Doubt that the move will suc ceed is already apparent in mili tary quarters here where stra tegists speak with less and less confidence about Chinas future war role Diplomatists are slill hopeful that Chiang may be induced to shake up his government and army command and reconcile him self to the communists in north China in order to strengthen his government The whole issue Claim Japs Landed on Peleliu Isle By UNITED PRESS Tokyo reported Wednesday that Japanese assault troops had land ed on Americanheld Peleliu island in the southern Palaus 560 miles east of the Philippines The Dome news agency trans mission of an imperial headquar ters communique said the landing occurred at dawn Wednesday but a subsequent rebroadcast of the same communique said the land ing had taken place last Satur day Both transmissions beamed in English to the United States were recorded by FCC A Tokyo radio broadcast also set the date as Oct 28 and said the assault troops came from Pa lau island which is believed to be the Japanese name for Babel thuap largest island in the group The Japanese claimed their troops made the landing on the northern coast of Peleliu after a special torpedo assault unit at tacked an American convoy east of the island and sank 4 trans ports and heavily damaged 2 others Peleliu was completely occupied by American marines and army troops recently when they wiped out Japanese stragglers from Bloody Nose ridge on Umurbro gol mountain A Tokyo broadcast heard In London said Japanese troops seized an undesignated American position on Peleliu and reported that violent fighting was taking place on the island This broadcast also claimed that Japanese forces from the original garrison had opened strong coun terattacks against the Americans in an attempt to establish con tact with the assault troops The enemy reports which were not confirmed by any allied source were the first in several weeks of Japanese activities in the Palaus which Admiral Ches ter W Nimitz said wereinvaded to provide supporting operations for Gen Douglas MacArthurs drive into the Philippines Pelelius airdrome which was seized shortly after the American invasion has been used for some time by U S planes for attacks on the remaining Palau islands principally Babelthuap largest and northernmost of the group CLARENCE E GAUSS Post in China within China should come to a head in the Kuomintang partys central executive committee the middle of this month Apparently to save what he can in the line with American policy of building up China as a pouer now and a great postwar nation President Roosevelt has made these moves thus far 1 Recalled Gen Joseph w Stil well from his triple ChinaBur maIndia command at the re quest of Chiang and replaced him with Maj Gen A C Wede meyer 2 Announced at Tuesdays news conference the resignation of Ambassador Gauss Close official associates of Gauss had said vir tually up to the time of the an nouncement that they knew of no plans for him to come home 3 Stated that IMaj Gen Pat rick 1 Hurley his special roving envoy was still in China Hurley by most responsible accounts went to China to try to help step up the war effort and get Chiang together with the communists The fact that he is still there suggests a belief in the continuing pos sibility of some success The president told reporters there was no connection evident ly meaning no direct connection between the recall of Stihvell and the resignation of Gauss He said that Stilwells return wis purely and simply a result of a clash of personalities between the general and Chiang KaiShek and had nothing to do with strategy or policies For himself Mr Roosevelt said he thinks that Stihvell has done supremely well he likes the gen eral personally he considers that he has an excellent record The president left no doubt that while he heeded Chiangs request to re place Stilwell he did not thereby intend any reflection on the gen eral Air Kooscvcll did not go into the backfrround of differences be tween the general and generalis simo but it is common knowledge amoiiK reporters ivho have served m China and military and diplo matic men here that the 2 had been at odds since the battle of the Burma road 2 years afro that Chiang had ever since favored a more cautious strategy than Stil well considered desirable The case of Ambassador Gauss is somewhat different Ho and the Chineseleader have never been more than formally friendly He has wanted to come home for a long time expressing the wish to a friend here a year ago when he was back for consultations His wishes had been uell known throughout the present period of disagreements but usual diplo matic sources knew nothing about their being at last acted upon President Roosevelts acceptance of his resignation at this time therefore was regarded as a sig nificant move in relation to the entire China problem The cir cumstances around it implied that what is being done is at the high est levels of government under the personal direction of Mr Roosevelt Dispatches from correspondents recently returned from the China BurmaIndia theater meanwhile reported deep rooted Chinese American differences over U S proposals to intensify Chinas wai role Lloyd Stratton writing in New York said that during his visit to parts of unoccupied China in Jan uary and February the state ment was made to me that it would be largely up to the Ameri can forces to win the war in China with the aid of the British and the Chinese in that order The basic Stratton said why a relatively paltry amount of Chinese manpower was made available was due to Chiang KaiSheks reluctance to permit any large number of Chinese to be foreign trained or commanded in fear that in the course of time these same Chinese troops turn against him Recognized reports of military economic and financial fraterniz ing by the Chinese with the Jap anese and vice versa were com mon in Chungking Stratton re lated adding Dealings in contraband In cluding open barter and sale be tween the Japanese and Chinese near the front were going on with the knowledge of the jcovcrnmcnt in some instances actually bcinc encouraged The latter was on the ground that the availability of this ma tenai to the Chinese people most ly merchandise food or usable goods relieved their desperate and need for such commodities an that the Japanese were therebv accumulating a currency which in the end would be wholly value less to them as there would be no market for their funds after Japan was crushed An Associated Press veteran of Chinese reporting J Reilly OSul livan wrote from New York that the Stilwell affair and the culmi nation of disagreements over Chinas war role puts it squarely up to Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek to prove that his govern ment merits a leading place among the united nations REPORTS GIVEN BYNIPPONESE ARE CONFUSED Contradictions in Broadcasts Recall Those of Daolittle Raid By THE ASSOCIATED PEESS Superforfs bombed Tokyo Wed nesday in the first American raid on the Nipponese capital in more than 2 years unconfirmed Japa nese radio reports indicated In a series of confused reports Tokyo radio said a B29 appar ently from a newly developed base in the Marinas islands appeared over the capitalbut left without attempting attacks that several 4 engined planes were over the city that at least 1 plane raided a factory district throwing workers into confusion The reports all agreed that an enemy plane or planes were over Ihe Tokyo area around 1 p m Wednesday Tokyo One broadcast recorded by the federal communications commis sion giving detailed instructions on combating fires in inflam mable Tokyo said an enemy plane suddenly raided part of the Kanto region an important in dustrial area covering the entire area around the capital and em bracing several prefectures Several enemy fourmotored bombers roared over the capital at 1 p m but were driven off the first Tokyo report said A later broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said Latest reports disclose only 1 enemy plane a B29 bomber and not two as believed earlier ap peared over Tokyo early Tuesday afternoon Half an hour later the broadcastcontinued without attempting attacks the enemy place fled in a tion The contradiction of succeeding reports recalled the confusion among Tokyo broadcasters when IX Gen James H Doolittles bombers struck the city April 18 1942 This is the first report of American planes over the city since then At the time of the Marianas in vasion there was much specula tion that engineers would build a huge base on Saipan for Tokyo raiding B29S There has never been any confirmation that such a base was developed Neither Chinabased Superforts nor any other landbased bomb ers have previously been reported over Tokyo Tokyo announcers issued tailed fire precaution instructions and warned Japanese homes are fire traps An air raid alarm was sounded and the air defense central head quarters issued instructions con cerning an enemy raid The broadcasts first reported the planes were driven away by fighters before they could do any mischief Later Tokyo radio reported an enemy plane suddenly raided part of the Kanto region an import ant industrial area on the south eastern side o metropolitan Tokyo FACC monitors said reception of the broadcasts was poor and a complete text could not be ob tained A series of broadcasts fol lowed the first reports of the en emy flight and Japanese propa gandists swiftly claimed the planes had been sent as a Roose velt facesaving aerial stunt to cover the alleged American de bacle off Formosa and the Phil ippines before the election One later broadcast quoted re ports that some of the factory workers lost their calmness Then H became completely unin telligible for about 2 minutes monitors reported After becoming audible again the announcer said If one fol lows instructions he will be able to put out the fire easily This indicated havoc had been caused although none of the broadcasts reported that bombs were dropped beyond the blanket implication of the raid by one plane An announcer also warned the Japanese people that there is now an ever stronger possibility of sudden raids adding from now on no matter what happens one must devote strenuous efforts toward air defense XURSES ELECT OFFICERS DCS Jloines Marv Barbara Ann Cedar Rapids Was elected president of the state league of nursing education at its convention Tuesday Other of ficers named were Miss May Wil son Des Moines treasurer and Miss Martha Heggen Des Moines and Sister Irma Davenport board members Buy your War Bonds Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bor ;