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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 31, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND DCS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated and United Press Full Loued Wins Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 31 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 213 3500 U S Warplanes Hit Ploesti Railroad Yards French Coast London to 3500 invading American planes striking from Britain and Italy for the 3rd consecutive day bombed a Romanian oil refinery at Ploesti Wednesday 4 German railyards funneling traffic to the incessantly French invasion coast and an enemy air base in the old French Maginot line The air base was near Mul house just north Switzerland The rail yards were at Ha mm Osnabruek Schwerle 10 miles southeast 01 Dortmund and Soest 15 miles southeast of Hamm The force from Britain numbered be tween 250 and 500 Fortresses and Liberators and 1288 fiehters From 500 to 750 U S heavy bombers escorted by swarms of Mustangs and Lightnings struck from Italy at Ploesti 35 miles northof Bucharest and enveloped at least one major refinery with lames and smoke visible for many miles Clouds obscured lull results of this first attack on Ploesti 180 miles from the Rus sian battle lines since May 18 number of German interceptors and intense flak were encountered Wave after wave of U S me dium bombers struck again and again at the French invasion coast The 8th airforces attack from Britain was its 25th this month against European targets and the 15th in May against equaling March records It was the 4th successive day 1200 lighters from Britain hac sought out the luftwaffe for sky battles of attrition It was also the 5th successive day of heavy bomber action from Britain The RAFs overnight attack were concentrated on militar installations along the French in vasion coast but Mosquito bomb ers penetrated into Germany t blast the chemical center o Leverkusen Not a single plan was lost in the operations whic also included minelaying in en emy waters So heavy wsa the assault the French con centrated on the area betwce Boulogne and Dunkerque tha buildings on the English sideo the channel blasts trembled from 50000 JAPS NATTACKNEAR TUNG TING LAKE Nipponese Make Gains in Full Scale Effort to Split Up China Chungking UR Chungking pokesmen said Wednesday that he Japanese have hurled more han 150000 troops into their Tung Ting lake offensive and lave scored sweeping initial suc esses in a fullscale attempt to split China and forestall an American landing on the south east China coast An official communique ac knowledged that a halfdozen Japanese armored columns were rolling back the Chinese lines on bothside of Tung Ting lake and converging on the fortress town of Changsha a key point on the CantonHankow railway P H Chang councillor of the Chinese executive yuan told cor respondents that the new offen sive was aimed at dividing west ern and eastern China regaining full control of the Canton Hankow line and seizing the southeastern ports before Ameri can land sea and air forces can bring them into operation against Japan The situation is indeed very grave Chang admitted The government spokesman expressed confidence however that the Chinese ground forces will be able to halt the Japanese thrust if adequate air support can FOUR GET John M Gams Leioy Ala tells buddies of spotting 14 Germans while on patrol at the Anzio beachhead front in Italy and returning for re inforcements to capture the enemy group This quartet accomplished the feat Left to right Pvt Sterling Stens rud Otho Iowa Lt Canis Sgt Richard Scott Rose Creek Minn and George G Case Kingsley Iowa The overnight activity followed a great demonstration of Ameri can air power Tuesday when 3 200 bombers arid fighters from bases in both Britain and Italy blasted military targets in Ger many Austria France Belgium and Yugoslavia There were 1000 Flying Fort resses and Liberators escorted by more than 1200 fighters in the armada striking from Britain A U S communique said the raiders had knocked down 66 nazi planes for a loss of and 9 fighters 11 bombers Approximately 1000 American planes from Mediterranean bases struck simultaneously at war plants near Linz and WienerNeu stadt in Austria and at enemy concentrations in Yugoslavia An air ministry announcement disclosed Britaincased planes of the allied tactical air forces flew mfre ihan 2500 sorties the last 10 days against roads and rail ways supplying Hitlers armies in northwestern Europe This announcement said rai be brought into the battle China wiir fight on he saW adding in an appeal for greater allied assistance Let the united nations be united The Chinese communique re ported strong Japanese reinforce ments crossing the Yangtze river and said bitter fighting was in progress on the northeastern and northwestern approaches to Changsha with both sides suffer ing heavy casualties One Japanese spearhead cap tured Tungcheng 47 miles east of Tung Ting lake and advanced 11 miles southward to within 79 miles northeast of Changsha A 2nd force seized the lake village of Yingtien and advanced to about 40 miles due north of Changsha while a 3rd broke into the out skirts of Nanhsien on the west shore of the lake Another Japanese force was in tercepted by the Chinese below Nanhsien at a point only about 28 miles east of the Chinese strong hold of Changteh but there was no immediate word on the out come of the fighting Other en emy forces were reported attack ing the Chinese lines at a number of points along the northern and IOWA HOLIDAY TOLLREACHES11 5 Drowned and 4 Killed in Traffic Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Eleven lowans lost their lives over the Memorial day 5 from drowning 4 as results of traffic accidents one from a gun shot wound and one from a farm accident Two youths Lynn Clommens 17 of DCS Moines and Frank Bow den 20 of Dubuque drowned in lakes Tuesday Clemmens drowned in Lake Ahquabi near Indianoty Iowa where he had gone on a picnic with a group of young people from Park Avenue Presbyterian church in Des Moines Bowden a student at Loras col lege was drowned while swim ming in OLearys lake in Grant county Other weekend deaths included Barnett McCaley 17 of Cedar Rap ids who drowned Sunday while m the Cedar river of Counci Bluffsand Jimmie Bell lj Car roll who killed in a truck automobile accident west of Car roll Saturday riighl two and a half year old Donald McFadden who was killed when a corn sheller fell on him at his farm home Monday and Wayne Reif fer 26 Linwood who died Mon day of a shotgun wound acci dentally inflicted when he went to shoot a dog Joe Garcia of Cooks Point near Davenport drowned in a water filled stone quarry near his home Sunday night Jimmie Flanegan 3 of Sigourney drowned while playing Sunday Two Des Moines girls Helen Hess 15 and Verna Rhodes 16 were killed when struck by an automobile Monday night Yanks Drive for Airfield on Biak Isle Allied Headquarters South west Pacific in vasion forces pushed on toward Wokmer airstrip Wednesday af er knocking out 11 enemy tanks n the first armored battle of the U S TO OFFER LAN TO KEEP WORLD SECURE Consultative Formula for Use of Force to Suppress War Included By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington IP The United States is prepared to put forth at he forthcoming big4 meeting here a plan for an international security organization patterned on he league of nations and provid ng a consultative formula for the use of force to suppress war By this formula each nation would retain final authority over its own troops planes and ships and would assign no direct power over them to the international agency The agency after consul tations among its members could recommend but not order that a member nation use its troops for international police duty The only binding commitment on this vital point would be one which in effect lias already been made in the Moscow 4power dec laration that no participating country would use its forces in foreign territory except in ac cordance with the decisions of the international agency to maintain Allied Troops Fight Nazis Barely 14 Miles From Rome 2 Who Fled From Anamosa Farm Captured at Preston Preston convicts who walked away from a dairy barn at a slate reformatory farm at Anamosa Tuesday night were cap tured while hiding in bushes on the Harold Fleming farm 5 miles southeast of here about oclock Wednesday morning The convicts were Kenneth Welch 27 of Spickard Mo who was committed Dec 18 1938 from Fayetle county to 25 years for robbery with aggravation and Lloyd West 21 of Gladbrook Iowa who was committed Jan 31 1941 from Tama county lo 10 years for larceny West would have been eligible WARD RENEWS WLB CHALLENGE Union Demands Board Assert Authority Washington Ward and company renewed WedI tiie stale board of parole office in FIGHTS RAGING IN STREETS OF VELLETRI BASE 8th Army Smashes Into Outskirts of Frosinone Along Southern Sector for parole next January Welch recently was up for parole but outhwest Pacific war Eight stroyed enemy tanks outright and were de 3 others damaged soAiadly they were con sidered knocked out a headquar ters spokesman said when the en emy sent in its armor to support counterattack Monday against the U S Iroops closing in on the airfield Apparently intending to fight to the last man for the airstrip the most important ot the 3 on Biak island invaded Saurday by Gen Douglas MacArthurs junglewise troops the Japanese 36th division launched n 41hour artillerysup ported battle against the Ameri cans said lhat severe under way and service was disorganized serious ly and that highways were hit so badly motor traffic had to be shifted to 2nd snd 3rd class roads Some traffic Mocks on msjor j highways axtenoed for 3 miles pirating planes to iict heavy damage on motor j transport the announcement added Soldier in Italy Asks for 50 Lipsticks Pronto Conshohoeken Pa George Gebhart 19 on duty with the army air forces in Italy wrote home asking for 50 lipsticks pron to Gebhardt said lipsticks are so scarce in Italy that women will ex change them valuable souvenirs for TOLL IN NATION PLACED AT 302 80 Drownings Reported Over Holiday Weekend By United Press The nations death toll for the long holiday weekend from mid night Friday through midnight Tuesday stood at 302 Wednesday with 80 drownings reported 102 traffic fatalities and 20 deaths from other accidents New York led the nation with 28 deaths including 11 drown ings California where 12 nava aviators were killed Tuesday nigh in the collision of a Wildcat fight er and a Liberator bomber am Indiana were next with 27 death each Illinois reported 25 deaths Pennsylvania 22 and Ohio 20 NAZIS TRY TO WIDEN WEDGE Hurl Masses of Tanks Against Russian Line Moscow Germans hurled massed tanks and infan try against the red army north of lasi Wednesday in an attempt to widen thrfcir wedge in the soviet line and wipe out a possible springboard for a Russian summer drive toward Bucharest Nazi forces drove an insignifi cant into the Russian de fenses north of the Rombanian stronghold of lasi Tuesday at heavy cost the soviet high com mand reported in ils midnight communique but at last reports the red army was holding firm in its new positions despite continu ing attacks Fifty enemy tanks were knocked out and 35 planes shot down on the first day of the German attacks which broke a 49day lull in large scale fighling on the front The soviet communique reported majority of the 5 member subcom the Germans had concentrated eastern sides of the lake FAVOR DELAY IN COURT MARTIAL Subgroup for Extending Short Kimmel Hearing Washington senate judi iary subcommittee voted Wednes day to extend the time for court nartial proceedings against Rear Husband E Kimmel and Maj Gen Walter C Short 1o Dec 3 years after the Japanese imperial headquar ters admilted for the first time AVedeesjiay JUjat powerful Rallied on Siakiiiiand Saturday A communique broad cast by Tokyo radio and heard by United Piess fighting was claimed that a cruiser a trans port and other allied vessels were destroyed The allied force did not lose a single tank and American infan trymen only a mile from the field which will put Ihem 800 miles from the Philippines inflicted heavv losses on the Japanese Some ground changed hands several limes in Ihe hitler fight ing The Japanese armored units destroyed were medium or light tanks armed with 75 millimeter guns They were knocked out by American Sherman tanks The fight for Mokmer was de veloping into one of the hardest struggles the Japanese have put up in the southwest Pacific in the last 11 months of allied offensive and reconquest operations The communique reported that strong prepared positions were en countered at Mokmer and at Parai village 2 miles east of the air drome which was passed Sunday by the allied invaders The program covering 5 main points will go before the repre sentatives of Russia Britain and China here this summer at the start of the informal discussions o which those governments were invited Tuesday by Secretary Hull The conferees very probably will be either the foreign secre taries of the 4 Mol otov T V Soong and Hull their undersecretaries President Roosevelt discussed the American proposal briefly at are asking his news conference Tuesday He Wolchock called it a first draft subject to great changes and vast improve ment It fits he said with Ihe American aim to work with the rest of the world without in any way detracting from United Slales independence He also made plain lhat in the course of the talks with the other 3 powers it be modified or merged into ashe conference plan if one isagreed upon in jrder to provide a satisfactory aasis for further international ac ion toward creation of a league The intention of the white house and state deparlmenl is not to make the plan public until after the big4 meeting The feeling among officials now is that to re lease it earlier would provoke unnecessary controversy over changeable details and also preju dice chances for successful nego tiation Yet as a result of delaiied in quiry in responsible quarters it is possible lo report lhat Ihe main nesday its challenge ot the war labor boards jurisdiclion and the employes CIO union demanded lhat the board eilher assert its au thority immediately or acknowl edge that a strike is the only solu tion to the Chicago dispute William B Powell speaking for Ihe management of the Chicago mail order house al a WLB hear ing to determine whether the ex pired union contract should be extended contended that the boards jurisdiction is limited to disputes which may lead to a sub stantial interference with the war effort No such dispute exists in this case Samuel Wolchok president of the CIO United Wholesale Retail and Department Slorc Employes declared lhat the company was pursuing a policy of discrimina tion against union members We Allied Headquarters 5th army fought Ger this board shouted to extend this con tract or lell us we have no juris diclion and let us go out on strike The union president said the company was sending some ot its work to other plants and had cut 1000 items out oE the Chicago catalogue He quoted the griev ance officer appointed by the gov ernment as saying after the gov ernments withdrawal from the plant they the government put us on a limb and they sawed it oft DCS Moines said the request was denied because the job to which he was to have been paroled was not satisfactory The customary penalty for escape is an addi tional 5 years sentence Reformatory officials said the pair sneaked away from a milk crew and jerked oul the telephone in Ihe dairy barn in making their escape Shortly afterward a car owned by Norman Newton of IMonticel lo was stolen in Anamosa where Newton was visiting The car was found abandoned at Ihe wesl edge of Preston about 1 a m Wednes day II had run out of gas Telephone operators at Pres ton and nearby Miles sent een eral alarms over alt lines during the night warning residents to be on he lookout Between 20 and 30 officers concentrated in the area Early Wednesday morning every building in this town ot GOO pop ulation was searched Shortly be fore 9 oclock Fleming reported seeing 2 strangers on his farm and State Agenl Glen Mueller and Powell lias been said Wards posilion and continues to be based upon 2 simple principles 1 An employe al Wards should be free to belong lo a union or not ns he chooses without losing his job 2Wards shareholders should have Ihe right to direct the affairs of the corporation they own Jackson county Sheriff Bert Morehead started after the pair catching them when one of the men peaked out of the bushes One of the convicts had a knife but they had no other weapons Preston is 50 miles east o Anamosa Twelve other convicls have es caped from the reformatory this year All were recaptured mans Wednesday barely 14 miles from Rome a n d Ihe 8th army smashed inlo the outskirts of Frosinone narrowing to 23 air line miles the distance between the 2 armies along the via Casi lina British troops advanced to a point just south of coastal Pcs carella Nuovi 14 miles south of Rome The German radio said dramatic street fighting was in progress inside Vclletri Alban hills road junction 18 miles from Ihe capital To reach Frosinones outskirts the 8th army troops o Lt Gen Sir Oliver Lecse advanced upon via Casilimt highway 6 on a broad front with the enemy fall ing back steadily under pressure an official sources said Irisinone s an important road junction and i city of largest in the mmcdiate path of the current of fensive The 8th iirmy previously had aken a dozen or more towns iiear Ihe important highway Fifth army artillery blasted at the via Casilina in the Valtnon tonc area 20 miles from Rome This and the Bill armys advance forced the Germans to depend in Nazi Plot to Smuggle Narcotics Into Middle East Reported Broken Cairo j A Gorman plot lo e a r 1 Harbor catastrophe which they were criticized lor Next Wednesday is the present deadline for filing charges against he 2 officers Sen Ferguson R introduced a resolution ex lending the time 3 months but a mittee voted the 6 months exten sion The senate subcommittee ma jority also voted to strike out section of Ihe Ferguson resolution which would have directed Ihe secrelaries of war and navy to in slitule court martial proceedings against all persons military or civil involved in any dereliction of duty in connection with the de bacle Before voting the subcommittee conferred behind closed doors with Maj Gen Myron C Cramer and Rear Thomas E Gatch judge advocates general of the army and navy respectively Senator Hatch subcommittee chairman told reporters We felt the war effort could not be advanced by filing the charges or holding a trial al this time and that it might on the other hand be seriously impeded Bay War Savings Stamps from yrar earlier awl tanks in great numerical superi ority at lasi for an attempt to break Russian resistance at one blow Though the allack obviously failed in Ibis purpose the Germans were expected to continue their ef forts lo force a soviet withdrawal from positions curving some 8 miles north of lasi to a point near ly 50 miles to the west of the west bank of the Siretut river AMERICAN OBJECTIVES U S forces landed at Bosnek on Biak island in the Schoulen zroup off New Guinea were driving toward a showdown battle for 3 Japanese air bases clustered on the south shore of the Sorido and Borokoe Another Japanese air field at Seroei on nearby Japen island has been bombed by V S planes points of the American proposal are these 1 United nations council or ex ecutive be com posed initially of this country Britain China and Russia but la ter to bo expanded to a member ship of 7 or 8 countries with spe cial emphasis on representation for small nations 2 United nations include at first nil 35 united na tions and the 9 socalled associated nations among which France is presently listed The assembly would be expanded to lake in first nations now neutral and second reformed enemy countries All nationslarge and small would be equal in sovereignty and voice 3 Police of a single police for which have no support in official quarters would be exercised by the league council against potential troublemakers through Ihe military forces of member nalions Once the council had voted action in a specific case the final decision to act would be up lo the one or more governments whose forces the council had called on The arguments for Ihis so called escape arrangement are A the U Ssenate almost cer tainly would not accept a more farreaching commitment a n d B whether the internaiional sys tem works depends on the effec tiveness wilh which member na tions actually support it body either part of the league or inde pendent of it wilh jurisdiction over strictly legal questions 5 Mediation would function within the frame work of the assembly designed especially to handle boundary dis putes and similar hotheaded sub jects smuggle narcotics into the mid dle cast wus broken with the ar rest of 53 persons in simultane ous raids Tuesday night in Egypt Palestine and Syria a middle cast narcotics board spokesman said Wednesday The arrests climaxing months of secret work smashed n Ger man ring directed from Turkey VOTE CUT IN CABARET TAX Senate Lifts Limit on Debt to 260 Billion Washington senate voted Wednesday to cut the caba ret tax from 30 to 20 per cent and lo exemptuniformed service men and women from it altogether A few minutes later the senate passed the new national debt limit chemist a doctor trader and which had as its aim the flood1 of 20000 creasingly upon secondary routes But in the critical area of the Rome line generally 16 to 20 miles south of the Eternal City enemy defenses were stubborn and skilled alone 25 miles of battle zone stretching from Valmontone around the southern slopes of Al ban lillls toCamp lemini at the sea At some points west of Velietri Ihe allies were within i mites of the Popes summer home at Cnslel Ganclolfo The German massed infantry suns lanks and flamethrowers and scattered mines in profusion in a doordic altempt to check an allied breakthrough of their long established slcel and stone fortifications The din of ap proaching battle grew louder in Rome as Ihe 5th army attacked gallanlly and wilhout pause The provincial capital of Fro sinone on the Via Casilinn 43 miles southeast of TJome tottered as the allies moved within 4 miles Berlin said German Iroops had taken positions norlh of the city ing of the middle enst with nar cotics the spokesman s a i d Among those arrested in Cairo were a Syrian bank clerk a Swiss bill to permit the governments outstanding obligation to rise from WIOOOOOOOOOO the present limit to 5260000000000 The cabaret tax reduction an amendment lo this bill was a com promise of Ihe original amendment offered by Sen Sheridan Downey to reduce the levy to 10 per cent Downey agreed lo propose a 20 per cent tax coupled with the ex emption for servicfS personnel aft er Finance Committee Chairman Walter F George said he could not a 10 per cent cabaret tax while theater admis sions remain at 20 per cent An amendment by Sen Theo dore G Bilbo to re duce theater laxes to 10 per cent if the senate voted to cut the cabaret levy lo that level was withdrawn nftcr Downey agreed to the com promise Opponents of Ihe high cabaret lax had contended that more than 2400 night spots were forced to close since it went into effect April 1 Large WAC Contingent Arrives in Naples Naples largest contin gent of WAGS ever sent to the Mediterranean officers and 357 enlisted ar rived in Naples direct from the United States The new half of whom are scheduled to continue on to stations in the mid dle cast brought the WAGS strength in the Mediterranean to nearly 3000 Lightning Strikes 3 Minneapolis Streetcars Minneapolis Min neapolis streetcars on the Fourth Ave SoGIcnwood line were struck by bolts of lightning Tues day evening One was set afire and passengers had to be trans ferred from another No injuries resulted Two of the cars were not in use at the time Fire broke out in one of them causing some damage lo the motor Claim Dogs Unfriendly to Substitute Carriers Winsted Conn authorities here have asked dog owning palrons ot the city deliv ery service to keep their animals tied up during mail delivery hours The posloffice says thai while the dogs are pals of the regular letter carriers they apparently reesnt the intrusion of substitute car riers and have made things un comfortable for several of them Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaiette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Scattered thunder showers Wednesday night anc Thursday Continued warm and humid Iowa Partly cloudy and continue warm and humid Wednesday night and Thursday with scat tercd thundershowcrs Minnesota Scattered thunder showers Wednesday night an Thursday continued warm an humid IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 84 Minimum Tuesday night 62 At 8 a m Wednesday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 65 Precipitation j 41 larmacist BODY IS RECOVERED Clinton body of Hir d Buelow 17 was recovered om the Mississippi rixcr op osile Riverview park here Increased enemy fire showed the German was intent on holding off the allies until the hulk of his Iroops could be extricated from difficult positions in the moun tains between Frosinone and Val montone Allied artillery had in lerdicteil the Via Casilina in the Valmoiitone area 20 miles from Rome forcing the enemy to de pern pnrlly on secondary routes The loss of Vcllctri would cripple seriously the nazi efforts if f jfc NAZIS HOLD NEAR ROME Allied troops Wednesday made but little gains in attacks against the German de fense line immediately before Home Many points were captured on the southern sector however including Fon Una Fofi Ceccano and Arpino Kayenay engraving ;