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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 31, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H4RLOH E R 1ST Afl T DElT Of IOVA COUP CES UOI NES I A NIWSrAFER THAT MAKES Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES Are Americans MASON CITY IOWA SATQRDAY MAY 311941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT Big Orange Yield Cause of Surplus EDITORS NOTE l inotber ot of trtieles written by W Ktrl Uill Slijon City GlobeGirttl nuntinK editor in he course ol toor throuch South America Is one bf k party of 12 ueslj at tbe Carnerio Endowment or Pracr Number 71 By W EAKl HALL EIO DE JANEIRO Oranges Oranges Oranges Val leys green with orange trees Mountain sides green with orange trees Thousand upon thousand acres of orange trees This was the sight which im pressed itselJ upon our Carnegie group as we into Rio on the 300 mile railroad connecting this second largest city in South America with Sao Paulo the worlds coffee capital and South Americas principal in dustrial center The first 200 miles was through a series of valley systems with too either sideStretched out before us was an interesting though not spec tacular mixture of cultivated land and seraijungle country In the absence or highways as we know them in U S South Americans build their villages flush against the railroad Even in theopen country the homes usually of plastered brick and a red tile roof but occasionally of rough adobe with thatched roof arc set a few feet from the racks Cattle mostly of the Brahma variety could be seen grazing on tlie native tropical grasses in the valley and even on the distant mountain sides Banana trees and other fruits were everywhere If South America goes hungry its her own fault I LVAS SireS approached j Rio the THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 199 IRAQ ARMY ASKS FOR ARMISTICE Ickes Named Defense Petroleum PRO NAZI CHIEF FLEES BRITISH F R REQUESTS Nazis ExPet Junction With TrOll On i PROPOSALS BE MADE FOR U S President Lists Various Problems for Secretary to Study Immediately By DOUGLAS B CORNELL HYDE PARK N Y The appointment of Secretary Ickes to the job of keeping gasoline and oil flowing in adequate supply for civilian and defense needs was an nounced Saturday by the tempor ary white house W if Ickes vyho has been federal oil administrator for years re ceived the new title of petrol eum coordihator for national defense President Roosevelt in a letter dated Wednesday and announced Saturday instructed the interior secretary to make recommendations tor action which is necessary or de sirable i As problems for immediate ac tion the president listed 1 Development production and utilization reserves of crude oils and natural gas that are of stra tegic importance both in quality and location cross hauling of oil products ex pansion oE transportation facilities andmore efficient use of existing Vl like on distant peaks Soonwe were diving into one tunnel after another oneas much as two miles long Hills and even mountains began to as sume the sugarloaf hummock shape so characteristic ot the Rio region Then all of a sudden Hie orange groves burst upon They would be a revelation Im sure tor even my enthusiastic California friend In extent at least Ive never seen equal in either California or JlUorida i The vast orange tracts Ive seen Sere coming on top of those I saw in the state of Sao Paulo convince tie that fruitgrowers of U S a formidable competitor for the world market Its my further impression that the V S trait grower is going io have o put his em phasis on quality rather than on price in his quest of the world market There is a difference and it Seems definitely to favor the North American orange al though I must be fair enough to admit that this is not the best season for South American oranffcs Obviously if Ihe compelilion bo a price basis the U S grower s beaten before he starts Three r four factors operate against lim One is that labor is dirt iheap down here Usually farm jig is a family affair Second Iliile there is some irrigation re it is on a minor scale But the most important differ is that the South American 5ange grower merely sticks his into the ground and leaves U ailhout cultivation He looks upon as soil binder and in hc something lo tie i Ihe soil on some ot his steep groves 4 Already Ihc headache of an surplus has hit Brazil jind its destined to become more jculc Her experience with tof surplusage doesnt give her ijjny relish for dealing with the iange s urplus problem 3 y y n the decade since government came into the picture by pfiscaling a share of the coffee 3p for burning it is estimated upwards of 15000000 bags ach containing 132 pounds have thus disposed of limes the smoke over Sao lulo has been so dense as to use a demand for a more remote nice for the cremation process jyear or two ago Hitlers agents Jered to take over the entire They said they wanted coffee for its Brazil jlnt fall for the story potfec therefore remains hcad iic No 1 But headaches iVo 2 J 3 arc in the stale of rapid dc lopmcnt in oranges and collon particularly if Europes is cul off for another year two Bombed south of Crete was taken tiraas to obtain fiiaximuin yields bl 2 Elimination eduction of Italian Soldiers Soon in Making Advances in Crete Cv 1 fs r Declare Some of British Have Fled to Island of Gavdos BERLIN of the Brit ish defenders of Crete have fled to the island of Gavdos 25 miles off the south coast and are being pounded by the nazi air force the German high command announced Saturday The luftwaffe also was pounding the south coast ports of Crete itself from which the high command said other remnants of the British troops were attempting to flee A British destroyer was dam aged so badly off the south coast that its loss is apparent it was said if if Those of the British who reached Gavdos are cut oft from communication with Ilieir main forces the communique in dicated It said German bombs had destroyed the signal station on the little islet W if The main German forces on Crete were pressing along the northern coastal plain from the west pursuing the defeated enemy with Italian troops mov Britons Steel Selves for News of Disaster Say Course Justified LONDON steeled themselves Saturday for news of loss of there was little definite informa tion in London as to the fate of the BritishGreek defenders of that vital little island Authoritative quarters conceded the situation in Crete was deli cate but declared that what ever happens our course there has been Fierce fighting still was to be going on around Candia the islands largest city which the British maintain they still hold despite German claims that it is in nazl hands The German high command re ported Friday that Candia had fallen lo hazi forces Thursday All sources here brushed aside questions about possible British withdrawal from Crete which Prime Minister Churchill said May TIU I MIT TriP Civilian Morale IULL Oil to Make Just Cause Victor AT TOTAL OF 52 Premier Walks Grimly Through Ruins Left by Unidentified Planes DUBLIN Eamon De Valeia walked grimly through bombed districts of Dublin Sat urday inspecting ruins in which 52 persons died and perhaps 200 enemywith Italian troops mov WHS increased specula ing from the eastern end of the Jlon as to a possible withdrawal island a stepping stone in the however afler the British Broad drive against Suez casting corporation broadcast rcf Already the German columns have relieved parachutists estab lished near Candia it was stated The high commands announce ment that British naval units were use of rawmatedalsandefCcient production and distribution 4 Elimination of the drilling of unnecessary wells in proven fields and of other unnecessary activi ties and equipment Ickes recommendations are to be submitted to federal agencies particulaHy to the office of pro duction management and the of fice of price administration and civilian supply to state officials and to any approviatc industry or part thereof The appointment gave extra if belated weight to Ickes press conference prediction Thursday that civilians might haVe to give up Sunday drives and return to gasolineless Sundays of world war days He said transportation difficulties were impeding de liveries of oil to the east Whether his words foreshadowed recommendation could not be determined Lacking an opinion from legal experts white house officials preferred not to dis cuss whether Ickes bad power to enforce any recommendations he might make island were bombed j constantly on the rocky roads of retreat the German announcement Besides the 12th day of bitter fighting for the strategic island this is the 25th anniver sary of the battle of Jutland which Germans celebrate as a great victory for their fleet over the royal navy The entire Ger man press declared Saturday that now the luftwaffe defin itely had proved its supremacy over the British Mediterranean fleet in the battle for Crete So far as the newspapers were concerned the battle was decided In screaming headlines they told their readers Enemy on Crete defeated victory is ours German dive bombers were said to have swarmed over the island Friday smashing at the British wherever they could be found Troop concentrations in the mountainous interior and on the southern coast were bombed and broken up informed Germans said They listed among the luft waffes targets tamps and troops f I HAROLD ICKES administrator rps at Sphakion and Tympakion on the south coast at Lutro and on the road from Retimo to Nefsa inari The Germans now claim thcv hold Candia Cretes largest city Canea the Cretan capital Suda bay former British naval base and the city of Retimo were with her when she neednt worry what Ill do to him He has the courts recommendation Tobacco Road Ends With 3 180th Showing would ieath There be defended to the increased specula British Declare Freyberg Is Alive and With His Men i B C Imperial forces in Crete to live and with histroops the war of fice announced Saturday With reference to the Ger man statements alleging the death of General Freyberj the announcement said We are flail to anonuncc that he is alive and with his troops The German radio reported Friday that Freyberg was killed in an air crash while flying from Crete to Egypt and accused him of deserting his command at a moment of peril erences lo British airmen who have Egypt from Crete soldiers and returned to Judge Recommends Man Thrash Wife After Traffic Hearing SIOUX FALLS S Dak A judge recommended io Robert Bell Sioux Falls Saturday that he thrash his wife The wife Mabel was in court charged with failure to stop al an arterial stop sign when question numtu cumoai puois lnS Municipal Judge Ransom and mechanics to resign from ihc L brought out Uiat two Sioux Falls men both married Some sources said however this might only have been a reference to men engaged in normal move ments between Crete and Egypt The German wireless also men tioned British withdrawals and said the first group of fugitive soldiers had reached Egypt The morning papers in Ion don printed reports of heavy fighting in Crete besides Ger man claims that British re sistance had collapsed and tliat operations were drawing lo a Two royal air forte middle cast communiques issued Friday and Friday night pointedly omitted references to Crete except to mention patrols overthe Mediter ranean between North Africa and the embattled island The com muniques stirred speculation as lo whether all air attacks on the Ger mans on Crete had ceased U S Air Pilots May Resign to Volunteer for Service in China WASHINGTON army is permitting trained combat pilots were injured Friday nights raid by unidentified planes In placing the total dead at 52 an official statement said 22 bod ies had been recovered and that 30 persons were unaccounted for and presumed to be dead The tall gaunt premier viewed the wreckage of bombed houses and quietly asked questions of his police escort Relief workers still were prob ing the wreckage for survivors The loss of life was the ereal csl Eire had suffered in an air raid since the war began Un identified planes bombed Dub lin Jan 2 and 3 causing Ihree deaths and injuring 12 persons and bombs fell again May 5 but there were no casualties U S Minister David Gray said one of the three bombs dropped Saturday morning fell about a quarter mile from the legation in beautiful Phoenix park but no one inside was hurt The same bomb blasted win dows out of the official residence EiresipjiesidentvDrv Douglas iilBHfalrcrift batteries beran firing just after mldnlghfwhen the Planes first were heard No bombs fell until about 2 m Since only three fell then po lice surmised that an antiair craft shell might have struck a pUnc causing it lo lose Us bombs They expressed doubt the bombing was intentional Two of the bombs fell on north side residential areas demolishing homes for a distance of about 20C feet and burying their occupants The third destroyed a number n shops about a half mile from th center of the city DUBLIN BOMBED Mackenzie Leaves on Fishing By Foreign News Analyst Ihis is by way of being an an revoiifor a brief time wlule your columnist slips away to Moosohead lake wav up m Maine near the Canadian border iind catches himself some trout and salmon lie In the long run fishin is more important than figlitin Fishin is wholesome and calculated to clear the mind ot those mean and elfish thoughts which inspire gression The music of a reel across the silver waters amidst towering pines is like a church organ a chap closer to hearts ot fellows the air corps lo volunlecr for wartim ivi Will llUlC i flying in China it was learned Sat worker RATIONING OF CLOTHING BEGUN British Authorize 66 Coupons Yearly for Only Allowable Buying LONDON board of trade Saturday night announced rationing of almost all clothing starting immediately The plan prepared secretly authorizes 66 coupons yearly for everyone and as with war time food dispensations no traf fic in coupons will be counten anced The new restrictions apply to clothing cloth footwear and knit ting wool Hats and infant cloth ing are the only exemptions Irrespective ot the price of any article specified coupons are re quired for its purchase The most expensive gown from the most exclusive west end salon or the cheapest frock from the most humble east end shop require the same number of coupons The same rules apply also to the clothing of men boys and girls There is no distinction be tween Ihc duels of duke and docK OC course Europe has on hand a war which must be c r r i c cl through Some times w h e n forces of evil begin to prey MACKENZIE on the world they have to be slopped with a heavy hand Still if certain armored knights on horseback had done a bit mire fishin in days past we shouldnt be tor tured with war now This European upheaval has brought much of the world to he edge of the precipice The signs arc that the big crisis has arrived and a lot of things can mighty the time thatI am up at old Moose head casting a fly H o w e v e r there is one thought which goes with me and I want to pass it m to you be wonbyothe side with a Just cause That sounds sort of silly doesnt It especially as coming from a hardboiled war analyst It doesnt quite agree with Napoleons famous line that God is on the side of the strongest batlalions Thats a grand epigram but it isu t neccssnrly true Morale civilian likely to win tins war and that must be based on a great and just cause that is worth suffering and dying for Ao mere desire for aggrandize ment or territorial gains car provide such a cause The European conflagration has kept creeping closer to om America like a forest fire until we are compelled to recognize that we may be caught in it If the axis powers should force us to take up arms just what will it mean to us We ought to figure that out in advance you know and not leave it until the storm breaks Every man woman and childshould know what the battle is for The other night out in the mid dle west where I spoke on Ihc war I had a conversation on this subject with a woman of higl standing in her community Like of a great change Whether we likeit or not our way of life must be the way o the common oocl If we are dragged into war we shall fight for a freedom that will lerinit us to lead useful lives ot will allow us to make our country even a better place to live in both materially md will give us in opportunity to develop a land nhich shall be good not for the few but for all and forever free of such strife as now rends the world was ar urduy Authoritative sources iinese government program u j wiiiiese government program Your husband should take you to obtain skilled American flyers like your father did when you and aircraft technicians for serv a little girJ Judge Gibbs ice on commercial airlines and said And if he uses severe measpossibly for military duty against res gels into this he Japan The war department refuses to discuss the matter but other quar ters said delails of the plan were IT B ui me pian were in in nlcncdd lo servc arranged between the state dcpart 10 Sundays in jail mnt and the Chinese Pmhaccv Clothing rationing was intro duced in Germany al the start of the war and Germans have bought on a point sysicm by which every article of clothing takes a certain number of points from the yearly quota allowed each person Rationing of clothes was introduced for me first time in France early this spring and has been in effect in Switzerland for some time MAKE ADVANCE Iraq Spokesman Says Real Dispute Between Arabs and Germans By THE ASSOCIATED TKESS Iraqs 29 day naz supported war against Britain col lapsed Saturday and the nations little army deserted by its mili tary dictator sued for istice an arm U S SURVIVORS GO TO SPAIN 2 1 Ambulance Drivers From Zamzam Are Still Held at Biarritz SAN SEBASTIAN Spain Near the French Frontier A group of 119 American survivors from the Germanslink Egyptian liner Zamzam crossed the frontier into Spain Saturday but 21 others1 ambulance drivers were held by the Germans at Biarritz in Jiazioccupied France with no explanation except dip lomatic reasons Two of the ambulance drivers Charles McCarthy and Langford Harris were among the freed survivors of the Zamzam who reached Spanish soil Their passports were marked British troops advancing from Hie west through the legendary site of the Garden of Eden are in control of Bagdads suburbs and advance units already may have gone into the ancicnl city itself Authorized British spokesmen said the request for an armistice presumably had been granted and tliat as between ourselves and the rebels he whole thing is over The pronazi Iraq Premier HiishicI Ali Al Gailani who seized power April 4 and later sought with German help to expel British nilitiiry forces from tile country ias lied the capital Reuters Brit ish news agency reported he crossed the border into Iran Per sia Friday accompanied by his chief of staff and a group otoffi cers The armistice request was said to have been made within the past 48 hours apparently by a commit tee of four in control of Bagdad German andground ersonnel suTl may be in Iraq one source said but he declared the flight of PremierBashid All Al GaUanl to Iran Persia nottotheGermans in the faith he plac protection ttie Gerinans him It is now clear to the entire world he said that any dispute and was said the Germans did not realize that they also were ambulance drivers The corps was headed for service with General Charles De Gaulles Free French forces still war ring against Germany The men who crossed into sse no Spam were compelled to leave all baggage behind The women were allowed to bring hund luggage ilie ambulance men still de tained are confined in a hotel at Biarritz One Armed Motorist Is Fined on Drunk Driving Count B L U F S RASHID ALT inlo Iran many others she vrnsseeking for light which hnd evaded her I can sec the position clearly in the matter of allout aid for the allies but beyond that I get confused she said I want to do what is tight and sometimes I wonder whether the fact that I have a twentyone eyra old son is blinding my vision Well thats a tough one to answer and without offering advice It seems to me that the only way to make the pol sition clear is to fry to determine just what the basis of our decision Charged with drunken Joseph Barrett Omaha a one armed man was fined SiOO and ls oi between the Arab world and Great Britain but bc costs by District Judge Whitney Gillilland Saturday Officers said Barretl was reaching inio his pocket with one hand when they arrested him DR IIUNTOOX SUCCUMBS DES MOINES Gardner A Huntoon GG a member of the slale board of health from 91 to 1913 and a past president of the must point wc start to debate from which twcen us and the Germans This source attributed what lie called navi failure to fan this Iraq rebellion inlo something very much bigger largely to the splendid fight our troops have put up in Crete A He n tor British news agency dispatch earlier said Arab irregulars looting and firing their rifles in the streets had caused nrTi i wild disorders in Bagdad as Brit of a heart attack j ish 10ops approached the city Weather Report FORECAST words mean What is IOWA Partly cloudy Saturday i life we have in miml night and Sunday showers and i what these w Is my way of life to continue in such a fortunate manner that I cnn go fishin at Moosehead Is the other chaps way of life to have a rocking chair on the front porch with no financial worries or a yacht with a shiny deck If it is weve got to get rid of those ideas We arc in tile midst 2 Die as Fire Destroys Radcliffe Theater RADCLlrFE small Carr a former Nevada piri onestory frame build ng 11 i i rv n iidinc ineaicr out ding hat rranklm D Roosevelt became where Ihcir father Clayton Carr United States president and Adolf Had been cmolnvort i Hitler became German chancellor closes with its 3180th perform ance a record It grossed al nightly takes ranging from S140 lo had been employed a year and halt as a motion picture machine operator The last show was out and Can was rewinding his film prepara lor to closing for the night Mrs Carr a former Nevada Iowa girl had gone into the projection room to wait for her husband Suddenly according to Citv Marshal A O Skrovig who talked to witnesses there was a flash as if trom an explosion and thu whole end of the building seemed to burst inlo flames bard eight miles away confined the blaze to the theater and to a cold storage locker next door The bodies of the two viclims were removed from Ihe ruins about an hour md a half after the fire broke out Skrovig said identi fication was impossible other than the fact that the Carre were known r ii ic irfd mai uic iarrs were Known itadcliffc volunteer firemen as lo have been in the projection sistcd by a company from room al the time of the fire and they were missing afterward E H Bicrsborn Hardin county coroner was investigating the fire The Carr boys 2 and 4 years old were with their grandparents Mi and Mrs Earl Carr who lived in a downtown apartment across ilie s hall from the Clayton Carrs when vv Ihe fire occurred Shrovig said AGO Radcliffe is 55 miles north of Maximum Dos Moincs Minimum scaltercd thunderstorms north and west Saturday night and west central Sunday afternoon no decided change in tempera ture MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy lightrain or drizzle Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy to cloudy scattered showers or thunderstorms no decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobcGazetlc weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday Rain 74 61 64 39 The request for an armis tice it was said means as far as Arab participation is con cerned Ihc situation has been cleared up German support and promises if support this source said proved inadequate It was not known here immed iately whether British troops ac tually had entered ancient Bag dad from advance positions in the suburbs One source said the German and Italian ministers to Bagdad had fled lo Iran along with Rashid Alls parly and that the Iraqis would be only loo pleased to have the Regent Emir Abdul flan back in place of Rashid Alls ap pointee Regent Sharaf There was no confirmation here of a report that Rashid AU and his regent had carried the boy King Feisal across the border with them The story was regarded as most unlikely Rain Saturday morning made a lotal of 4H inches in recordings i Had Ali seized power in Ira fflr fl II for o April 1 by a coupdetat which British sources said resulted from axis intrigue Within a few days Britain land I cd troops at Basra on the Persia ;