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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 30, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORV VOL L Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wire Five Cents a CoDyl MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 30 1944 NO ZM ALLIES ATTACK DOZEN GERMAN PLANE PLANTS Sky Armadas Assault Nazi Centers From Britain and Italy London third 2200 plane American sky armada in 3 days swept wide over Germany France and the low countries Tuesday blasting a dozen air craft factories railroad centers and air bases i Simultaneously and for the second straight day another skj armada swept up from Italy to ward Hitlers beleaguered Ger man fortresses from the south ac cording to German radio reports The Berlin broadcasts reported 3 great air battles over central Germany and another over the Alps Targets of the Britainbased fleets were aircraft plants at Des sau pschersleben and Halber stadt in Germany railroad yards at Brussels Belgium and Reims and Troyes in France air bases at Handorf near Munstcr Diep holz near Osnabruk Halberstadt and in the Hamburg area The Decoration day parade of allied planes across the channel was led by American Thunder bolt fighters following an attack Monday night by RAF Mosquitos on Hannover in central Germany Without a single loss the Mos quitos drubbed the German base at Nantes off the western coast of France and unspecified instal lations in western Germany the air ministry said The Mediterranean army air force announced its medium bombers attacked objectives a Fruersbrunn in Austria Monday night The MAAF summarizing the results the raid on airdromes aircraft plants and railyards in Austria Monday by a force of pos sibly 750 heavy bombers and fighter escorts said 68 enemy aircraft were destroyed at a loss cf 20 U S heavy bombers and 14 other aircraft The Germans raided southern England for tfte 2nd night in a row one bombinic a south west shore while Nazis Rally Savagely Against 5th Army on Last Rome Defense Line JEEPS KEEP SUPPLIES COMING ON ITALIAN a ruined village in the Spigno area of Italy jeeps transfer supplies to selfpropelled U S tank destroyers iust before an assault on German positions Not a single building remains undamaged in this village as the result of American artillery bombardment that preceded its capture DDay to Bring Heavy U S Casualties Official Warns Washington nation mourned its soldier dead Tuesday in solemn Memorial day services throughout the land as a high naval official warned that DDay soon to come will bring casualties such as American armies have lever suffered before The stern reminder of what ies ahead in the battles of the current conflict came from Rear Admiral William Brent Young lavy supply chief who told a Memorial day gathering at other along the coast evidAljy trying to spot invasion preparations The nazis doubling their bomb ing score of the night before hit 2 hotels Eive dead and several seriously injured persons were brought out during the night and rescuers still dug for others Tues day It became apparent meanwhile that Mondays largescale atten tion to the German aircraft in dustry indicated the allied board of strategy looking ahead to August and September In the nor mal course of events enemy fighters now coming off produc tion lines would just then be reaching the front Great land battles may then be in progress If so the Germans would be in dire need of the fighters presumably knocked out in Mondays attacks Intelligence reports indicated the Germans had been given just enough time to repair the 7 air craft plants in Poland and Ger many on which American heavy bombers and lighters possibly 2 200 strong concentrated their major weight in flights from Brit ain The Monday operations cost the U S strategic air force 35 bomb ers and 11 fighters a communique announced Monday night One hundred enemy planes were shot from the sky PROGRAM HELD AT GETTYSBURG Governors of North and South Join Hands Gettysburg Pa the historic Civil war battleground marking one of the bloodiest bat vies of the Civil war the gover nors of north and south joined Tuesday in expressions of national unity against foreign ag gression The occasion was the Memorial day services of the 36th annual governors conference which ad journed its business sessions to pay homage with impressive serv ices in Gettysburg National ceme tery to the dead of union and con federate armies Tile memorial services were preceded by a brief executive ses sion in the Pennsylvania state senate chamber The subject was industrial re conversion and Bernard M Bar vich white house adviser on suci problems was the guest speaker Gov Melville Broughton D N Car represented the old Gov Levertt Sallon stall R Mass represenled the old norlh at the memorial serv ices dedicated to national unity North and south stand united today Broughton declared No economic political or relig ious differences threaten our unity We are together determined upon victory in the great cause for which we fight Our bond of friendship and loyalty is sealed by the blood of our sons who side by side are fighting at this mo ment on farflung battlefields to preserve an America worthy of Washington and Jefferson lin SCHOUTEN ISLE FIGHT STIFFENS Report Japs Recoiling From Initial Surprise Dewey We Must Prevent Future Wars Hershey Pa Thomas Dewey of New York says Amer cans must not again sit on the sidelines as mere observers and commentators while new war ords grow strong The leading figure in the repub ican presidential nomination pic ure told the 36th governors con ference in an address Monday night that our people are united upon the proposition that our for eign affairs must be so conducted that disasters like the present one will not recur The people are de termined to join in preventing fu ture wars Holding that civilians arc ried about inefficiencies U S TO CALL CONFERENCE ON POSTWAR PLAN Britain Russia China to Be Invited to Set Up Broad Peace Group By JOHN M 1UGHTOWER Washington Britain Russia and China will be invited in a few days to join with the United Slates in the first broad intergovernment planning to or and By SPENCER coln and Lee eorgetown university that this i the crucial hour of our his tory This is the hour in the ancient ivar Between might and right said The military forces ol iree men are poised to day to assault the fortress of the dark power enslaving Europe Warning again that heavy cas iltiejrseeni inevitable because our foe is powerful and wellen trenched headded We must have the courage to accept such sacrifices for if we falter in the face of heavy losses our dead will have died in vain For the sake of those who fall for ourselves and our children and their children we must endure and drive on until all resistance ceases In cemeteries green with spring in small ton us in New England and in Iowa in shady cemeteries in big cities and in the Rational cemetery at Arlington families and officials placed wreaths in honor of the nations warrior dead It was a solemn observance by a generation tnat has seen 2 World vars in its time Together they lave taken the lives of more than 73000 Americans 126000 in World war 1 and 47000 thus far n World war II At Arlington Lt Col Richard ark military aide placed the nesidents wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier in solemn ceremonies beginning at U a m t Col Edward M Hudgins of he army put wreaths on the omb of the unknown Civil Wai soldier and the monument to the Confederate dead and Lt Rober Myers of the navy will decorate Advanced Allied Headquarters Guinea Douglas MacArthurs swift Philippines bound thrust into the Schouten iSlands appeared Tuesday to be developing into the fiercest stiug le of the northern New Guinea campaign His invasiontested 6th army troops have drilled their way on Biak island to within Z miles of the important Mokmer airdrome against mounting Japanese resist Biit was yet to come Headquarters spokesmen said bungling on the home front Dewey said While there has ben a mave of regimentation some necessary some inexcusable our strength a1 home has come wholly from the genius of our free men in industrj and the devotion of our workers and farmers to their jobs Ou success or failure after the wa will depend on whether we as nation lake o heart the lesson tin war has taught us If we permit ihe continuance I of the regimentation which some so earnestly desire we shall fail We cannot practice in peace the centralization which brought to talitarianism to our enemies and be either free or successful Saying they offered ihe fresh confident leadership the nation needs Dewey lold the governors You are ideally placed lo see that all possible functions of gov ernment in this country will pro ceed close to their source is the people With the help of driving ence of the men in this room there will be a determination never to ganize for peace since the league of nations was set up a quarter century ago The invitations will be issued by Secretary of Stale Cordell Hull with the backing of at least a ma jority of the special senate advis ory committee to which he has presented his plans and hopes for avoiding a 3rd World war through international cooperation Hull needs only the approval of the president to send out the invi tations and this is considered as sured The present slate of the secre tarys program after more than 2 years of tedious planning re search and consultations with 2 Girls Killed When Hit by Car Patrolman Hurt on Way to Scene Des AIoiies IP Two girls were killed and third critically injured when struck by an auto mobile at an intersection Monday night Dead were Helen Hess IS daughter of Mr and Mrs George Hess Des Moines and Verna Rhodes 16 daughter of Mr and Mrs James Rhodes Des Moines Betty Berry 18 suffered severe cuts on her arms and body and a brain concussion Patrolman Forrest Speck suf fered brain concussion and cuts on his right hip and arm when his motorcycle skidded on street car tracks as he was hurrying to the Saltonstall called for expansion of the unity which has grown since the conflict of 81 years ago The spirit of our soldiers dead demands of us a united effort which no boundary lines can mark he said He called for unity between government and business and management and labor A country cannot go forward where government seeks lo de stroy opportunities in bvisiness and business seeks to weaken the reasonable authority of govern ment he said accident Patrolmen Arthur Beers and Chester Britton who investigated the accident held Paul Guy 42 i Milo Iowa restaurant owner for investigation by the traffic de partment and the county attorney The investigating officers said Guy was driving the car which struck the girls z he enemyl thrown off balance by he landing near Bosnek Saturday lad recoiled from his initial sur prise and probably would stage a nighty defense of Mokmer and 3iaks two other airdromes Sorido and Borokoe Tuesdays communique report ng a gain of slightly more than a halfmile since Monday said the Yanks were edging west along the BosnekSorido coastal road toward the enemys positions pre pared lor the defense of the air fields The Sorido airdrome is about 4 miles weslof Mokmer and also on the coast Borokoe is between the 2 and a mile inland The allied air arm operated closely with the ground forces the Japanese nest of airfields in Bombers and fighters pounded the entire Geelvink bay area Enemy bases on the head of New Guinea at Manokwari and Babo where a 1000ton ship was sunk were doused with bombs So were Noemfoo rand Japen islands near Biak Ground fighting in the Maffin bay area 200 miles southeast of Biak and invaded May 17 cased as Americans installed artillery on a ridge commanding he partially permit that concentrationrJOtna tional power which would wipe out our republican system and sub stitute a disguised SEIZE COUPON COUNTERFEITERS 2 More Presses Are Found by OPA Probers Washingtin Chief Chester Bowles revealed Tuesday that crack OPA investigators the newest fight arm of the ainst black law in the marketeers have seized 2 more presses turn ing out counterfeit gasoline ra tion coupons raising to 7 Ihe num ber raided since March 12 me nivy win necoicuc completed Maffi airstrip the im Spamsh war memorial and I omjcdivc Tl mill TV nut tn J 1IUHJCHC l the monument to officers and men of the U S S Maine Boiler Kid Will Leave Florida for River Forest 111 Miami Beach Fla P Snite Jr Americas famous in valid leaves his home here for River Forest III Tuesday night to spend the summer He will be accompanied by his wife 2 children Teresa Marie 3 and Matherine Bernadette 9 months his parents and medical attendants Snite the selfstyled boiler kid has lived in an iron lung since he was stricken with infan tile paralysis in Peiping China in 1936 AIRPORT BONDS FAIL Perry a margin of 20 votes a bond issue for a municipal airport failed to carry in a special city election Monday Though the measure was favored 311 to 240 60 per cent of the to tal vote must be cast for the is sue to carry it Yank Airmen Shot Down Are Killed by Agitated Germans Stockholm air men who parachuted into 3 un named places in central Germany Mondaywere killed by agitated people the newspaper Afton bladets Berlin correspondent wrote Tuesday in a dispatch which was passed by German censorship The article gave no details but the correspondent said he received the reports from a traveler from with whom he talked in Berlin A later report said that 5 Amer ican airmen had been killed German police were unable to save them Aftonbladels corre spondent wrote He said a storm of rage broke out Sunday among German civil ians7 when American fighter pi lots allegedly shot women and children during sweeps over Ger many U S Convoy Arrives With Invasion Weapons London convoy loaded heavily with new United States invasion weapons arrived safely recently in Britain it was an nounced Tuesday Meantime the allied noose tightened on thousands of lapn icse troops bypassed below the 6th 22 Australian ground troops moving up the British New Guinea coast moved unopposed into Bunabun 55 miles northwest of Madnng ol enemy HollandiaAitape area by army landings there April American leaders in and out of politics raised hope in some of icial quarters Tuesday that the uicleus of a peace organization would be set up before the war ends Hull made known his intentions Monday night in a statement re porting conclusion of the first phase of his informal conversa tions with the senate committee of 4 democrats 3 republicans and one independent headed by Chairman Connolly DTex of the foreign relations committee Throughout the 5 meetings Hull had frank and ruitful discussions I airi definite y encouraged and am ready to proceed with the approval of the with informal discus sions on this subject with Great Britain Russia and China and hen with governments of other uiited nations Meanwhile he said he would continue to talk with congression leaders and would keep wide open the door of nonpartisan ship Sens Gillette While RMc and Austin RVt all spoke approvingly of Hulls state ment and other members of the committee indicated they might comment later It was learned that Hulls pro ram had the support ot a clear majority though one or 2 mem bers were said to have raised an issue over commitments now for an organization which they thought should not be formalized until after the writing of the peace it is lo preserve Hull says lhat American plans for postwar organization are probably further along than those of any other nation However his known hope is that in the forth coming exploratory 8TH ARMY ON SOUTH SECTOR RECORDS GAINS Reinforced Germans in Valmontone Area Stave Off Threat to Highway By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples Germans rallied to a new pitch of savage resistance against the 5th army smashing into their last defense line south of Rome Tuesday as allied head quarters announced that progress in the roaring battle continued satisfactory On the southern sector the 8th army began a drive up the Sacco valley astride Highway via drove through Arce at the junction of Highway 6 and Highway 82 At the same time New Zea landers stabbing through the Apennines were rcporled within a feiv mites of Sora which is astride Highway 82 8 miles north of Arce Reinforced by the bulk of the Hermann Gocring parachute Pan zer division and supported by in the bodies that will be buried in tcnsilied artillery fire the Ger mans in the Valmontone area 20 Rome to Fall Before Many DaysClark Anzio Italy The 5th army will take Rome before many days have passed Lt Gen Mark W Clark declared in an address at Memorial day services here Tues day The 5th army honored its dead on Ihe former beachhead in Me morial day services at an Amer ican cemetery as guns in the battle for Rome rumbled afew miles away We now stand on the threshold of Rome said Clark in a brief ad dress before placing a wreath Before many days have passed we shall have freed this first of the European capitals from nazi domination Before the Sth army commander stretched countless rows of white crosses broken by the Jewish star of David here and there thous ands of graves neatly laid out in plots 12 graves square the resting places of soldiers who paid with their lives for the holding of Ihe Anzio beachhead Most of the graves in this ceme tery are American but there are also buried here some of the Brit ish and Canadians who fell near the American sector There were new graves dug but not filled and even as the service was going on trucks were bringing them 1 want you to feel Clark said This is not a moment managed to stave off a mounting of sadness an inspiration lo spur us on lo the sector which participants each nation will lay its proposals on the table and more than 1300 lhcll a 4 vm e on lhe mjn 155 miles southwest held Wewak Gills Estranged Wife to Phone Kills Self Winhetka HI UR Arlemus D Watson Jr 44 a wealthy greeting card manufacturer called his estranged wife Janet on the telephone Monday night told her he was going lo commit suicide and then shot himself through the right temple police reported Tuesday AAA Official Hopes Com Freeze Order May Be Lifted June 15 Cherokee Hope that the corn order might be lifted by June 15 10 days prior to ex piration of the original order was expressed Monday by Guy Smith Washington assistant AAA director for the north central area Smith was here to give 60 AAA committeemcn from 20 northwest ern Iowa counties instructions on contracting corn for the Commod ity Credit corporation and the war department under the freeze order About 50000000 bushels of corn have been purchased since incep tion of the freeze plan April 25 Smith said The goal is 80000000 bushels and Smith said he was hopeful that enough corn would be purchased by June 15 to lift the freeze order The original order was to have run 60 days from April 25 it was imposed on 125 midwcstern coun Declaring that law enforcement agencies are beginning lo wrest control of the black market situa tion from the professional crimi nals Bowles said that one of the latest raids alone upset plans to dump into illicit trade channels enough bogus ration coupons foi 15360000 gallons of gasoline and 1560000 pairs of shoes Bowles t I I r L 1 VILI peddlers and distributors of bogus imlIn acceptable gasoline coupons have been ar1 rested since Jan 1 with more than 200 of every one who has stood trial so behind bare In addition 2 major gangs of distributors of bogus coupons on the east and west coast have been broken up by the OPA opera tors The agents found that gangs printing bogus gasoline coupons also deal in counterfeit shoe cou pons as well as being engaged in the black market in nylon hosiers Bowles reported that in New York City one arrested operator of a printing shop was found to have in his pockets orders for A coupons worth 15360000 gal lons of gasoline and 1560000 shoe coupons Terms of business a memorandum on the arrested man revealed were to be 52500 each with the order and a like amount on each delivery of oneeighth of tile total order task which has been set their aspirations and fighting spirit to drive us for ward as Americans have always done in the past and as men of the Sth army have done in Ital for the last 9 months At Salerno along the Gariglianp and In the Anzio beachhead Godts help on the task which tliev be of every unit of the force were present miles east ancl south of Rome threat to the via Casilina in that not bind any of the LT GEN MARK W CLARK Dead at Anzio Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier buy The American plan calls for a united nations council of Russia Britain China and the V S These arc the nations which bound themselves under Ihe Moscow declaration last October to meet at the earliest practicable date and organize lor peace They are also the nations with Ihe creates forces to maintain peace Organization of the council ac cording to the American plan would be followed by organiza tion of a united nations assembly made up of all Ihe united nations plus the nations associated with them in the war and the neutrals The heart of the political ma chinery is the willingness in heading off aggression to use force and what force to use in Hulls view The senatorial con ferees are understood to have agreed with state department experts in considering a single world police force impracticable Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Partly cloudy and continued warm Tuesday night and Wednesday widely scat tered thundershowers late Tuesday nighi and late Wed nesday afternoon Iowa Partly cloudy and contin ued warm Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday Widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday its Minimum Monday night 62 At 8 a m Tuesday Bit Rain Monday rSG inch YEAR AGO This lineal however dimin ished the enemys use of the high way last main escape route for the embattled nazi divisions in the south On the left flank of the 5th army near the west coast the British occupied a lateral road west of Carroceto and advanced toward the western anchor of the at Campo lemini 18 miles due south of the Eternal City From Campo Temini northeast ward through Velletri and Lanu vio to Valmontone the enemy dug into his defenses and stabbed out with violent lank counterattacks in an effort to break the weight of the 5th army onslaught Although the allied command announced satisfactory gains toward stronglyheld Velletri and Lanuvio it did not specify the ex tent of those gains The enemys last hopes of hold ing the Sacco valley southeast of Frosinone were wiped out as the 8th army crashed into the vital highway junction town of Arce after 2 days of strenuous fight ing with veteran nazi parachute troops Behind barriers of demolished bridffcs culverts and cxtenisve mine fields the Germans fled both northward alone Highway toward Avezzano and northwest ward on Highway 6 in the direc tion of Frosinone Both Ihe French troops on the right wing of the Slh army and Rth army forces closed in stead ily on Frosinone The French Monday were with ing sight of Ccccano important town 5 miles south of Frosinone and Gen Sir Oliver Looses vnn juiard of eighth nmiy troops forged rapidly on from Pofi which was entered after the white flag was raised Tuesdays German high com mand communique admitted the allies had penetrated into Ceccano and declared allied offensive pressure was extremely heavy all along the western end of the ItaW ian front Maximum Minimum TrV r ties Maurice O roily Fort Dodge loan supervisor for the state AAA was speaker BRITISH PLANE LAUNCHES British Bcaufighter of the RAF coastal command discharges 2 of the 8 rocket projectiles it carries RAFs use of rockets against enemy shipping was announced last Saturday This is an official British photo Another French unit drove through Prossedi and occupied hill 550 seven and n half miles southwest of Frosinone Allied artillery scored again when it set afire a huge enemy supply dump in the vicinity of Occano Flames over an area nearly a kilometer square roared to a height f 2000 feet The enemy who has committed all or a greater part of at least 20 divisions to the fighting south Rome continued to suffer heavy manpower losses The fifth army I alone has taken nearly 12000 prisoners including 5000 seized in the drive from the Anzio beach head Prisoners taken by the fifth army complained that German casualties in recent days were ex tremely heavy because of the con centrated fire of American in fantry units whom they said em ployed Indian tactics A cruiser of the French navy again supported Lt Gen Mark W Clarks left flank by slipping close inshore Monday and bccib enemy troops dumps and roads north of the Anzio area Allied fighterbombers added at least 100 more enemy vehicles to the approximately 3000 they have destroyed and damaged on the roads north and south of Rome Tuesday the Mediterranean air force again flew more than 3000 sorties between 750 and 1000 ;