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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 30, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED FfiESS AND UNITED PBESS ITJU LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY Theyloo Are Americans MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 30 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT Brazil Uses 7arming EDITOttS NOTE Ills ti 1 a Aeries of wriueu by vv I Earl Hill ftlaioa Citj GtobeGazetle I minllLnE editor ID Ibe course el lour through South America one or a party of 12 melts of Ibe Carncfit Endowment for laternatioaat Peace Number 70 By W EARL HALL RIBIERO PRETO Brazil Once lite was simple enough for the people Sao Paulo the worlds richest cotleeg r o w i n g area All they had to do to en joy greater prosperity was to open up more jungle land and grow more coffee But all of this has changed recent years Even belpre the 1 present war competitors in Col Jombia and Central America had I begun to cut intothe world mar jket creating a surplus problem iJsuch as U S knows so well with If respect to cotton wheat and meat With the coming of war to Europe iand the cutting off of that outlet for coffee planters faced a stil more acute situation This problem they have met in two ways First they have plowed under coffee trees by the millions and burned coffee by the thousands ol tons Second they have gone into diversified farming in a big NO 198 NAZIS CRETE CONQUERED Tr Allies Demoralized in Artificial Fog ALEXANDRIA Egypt May a Delayed women and children evacuated from cm battled Crete in boats with wounded imperial soldiers said Thursday that no words could describe the frightlulness ot the struggle saw German gliders and trooptransport planes landed in long lines said Mrs Alice Raymond wife of a retired offi cer of a Scottish regiment We took refuge in the hills while the enemy was struggling for Canea Our men battled clay and night undergoing bombings ev ery minute of the day At night our troops went out with bayonets and smashed the nazi lines Every one ol our troops was a hero Mrs Raymond said she and her children Iris and Neville who accompanied her here had under gone nine days and nights ot the Crete terror and that it was far worse than anything they had en dured in the Italian attacks on the islandof Corfu where they had lived until Greeces collapse Iris Raymond said It was all terrible but we took courage from our soldiers even though they were wounded and foot sore The Lancashire antiair craft gunners especially distin guished themselves Mrs Katharine Merlin who ar rived with her husband said they had traveled from Crete with a contingent of New Zealand Maor is Australians royal air lorce men and British antiaircraft gunners One of the daring feats she related was that of a sergeant gunner at the Maleme airdrome who took eight hours to crawl 300 yards under furious machine gun fire to reach his gun He manned it alone in a duel with a British gun that the Germans had cap finally silenced the A wounded New de scribing the British imperials re tured and other gun Two Unions Rebuff U S Appeals to End Defense Work Strikes By UNITED PRESS capture of the village of Salalos said The Maoris went in with bayonets and filled the night air with their battle cries as they Iovight their way through the narrow streets A German party attacked a little cottage with hand grenades wounded the two wom en occupants and captured the house They turned it Into a fort but the New Zealanders drove them out and killed or captured every German there One Tommy carried a wounded buddy many miles over the hills to safety The New Zealanders said a coloneldoctor in charge of a Crete hospital was shot to death by the Germans when he refused to lead them to the British lines Refugees Saw Gliders Land in Long Lines MANY May 29 ery minute of the dav rraf Hlflll I ARE PRISONERS AFTER ADVANCE All of this came impressively to t appeals for resump ny eye yesterday afternoon as V0 wovk m defense industries eye yesterday afternoon as 1 toured the six mile square Fazen 1 da Guatapara as guest of its two I principal proprietors and the Sao I Paulo state government In the forenoon we devoted our atten tion to coffee but in the afternoon centered on cotton com rice and sidelines oranges j which a brief ten years ago were lunknown on this great plantation E As we paused in our morning Vtpurto examine some coffee trees ratdose range Senor Antonio At Ives delgnuujgreaident of the fam I I change much Das come to Sao I Paulo agriculture I Notice that cotton between the feoffee trees he suggested We already had done it incidentally As a planter I know I shouldnt make such D drain on the fertility my soil I ought to be adding fertilizer for the coffee instead of hastening the impoverishment my land I realize that full well But were confronted with a cold fact We have a great in vestment here Three thousand persons must be sustained by these 37000 acres Our manager here he spoke no English and I have to figure out ways to do this Cotton between the trees is one way Soon we were looking at some others In addition to the cotton planted among the coffee trees we found great fields devoted exclusively j to cotton with bursting bolls showing white almost as far as we could see We saw the extensive ginning and baling equipment The Oklahoma farm editor in I our group Clarence Roberts warns against dismissing Brazil cotton too lightly The government is insisting on certain standards as drew rebuffs Friday from two CIO unions Five hundred CIO machinists voted Thursday night to reject a senate defense investigating com mittee proposal that they return to work in San Francisco shipyards pending federal arbitration And at Seattle O M Orion president of the International Woodworkers of America CIO said he had no authority to call 12000 striking mill hands and logger to woik at the request of the national defense mediation Suffers Broken Leg 3rd Time in 3 Years DES MOINES the third time in three years William P Nemmers Des Moines consult ing engineer Friday nursed a broken leg He fell here while running to catch a trackless trol ley bus The two previous frac tures occurred when he was living in Washington D three and one two years ago bus water buffalo are immune to ticks and hoof and mouth disease which prove deadly to ordinary cattle As we were leaving the Guata paia plantation for this city of 80000 which has proved most in teresting and hospitable today I saw my first field of South Ameri can corn at close range it isnt of a quality that would do credit to Iowa even though much of it is developed from an Iowa golden dent seed But its still corn and usable as such Let nobody doubt that in South America the U S breadbasket area has a real competitor for lenath and quality comparable th our own southlands best rangely enough the bal g process is superior to the one mmonly employed in U S and e bale covering quite commonly of cotton rather than of im irted jute as in our country Next visited an orange or sjjsard covering a square mile or and containing 67000 trees all ded with fruit which will be for picking in another or two Already the great house close by is beina for hc seasons run of srrancfruii From here we moved on to Mother section of the plantation 3000 beef cattle arc on tfd Strange tonkin cattle they K cross between thin Brahma and original Bra yj stock They arc known here Long horns flopping and a great hump over the arc their distiiiRuisIi marks rter in the afternoon we vis an irrigated lowland where is cultivated on the grand It was the threshing season fse by was a herd ot water buf raised for both their rich and their meat Like the ze into Trode Attache Back in Brazil Walter J Donnelly U S commercial attache to Rio de Janeiro Brazil leaves New York by ship to return to his post He was accompanied by his wife To Cow an Enemy Meet the Ozard of Whiz the lively cow thats been adopted for nTl bone of Britains heavy bomber suuadrons The Ozard has been panted on he nose of all aircraft in the squadron NORTH IOWA HIT BY HEAVY RAINS Track Washed Away Near Ft Atkinson Waucoma Has Flood Heavy rainfalls over North Iowa Thursday night were reported to have struck especially heavily in the northeast section where rail road track was washed out and swollen streams burst their banks to cause considerable damage in fields and towns A cloudburst about a mile cast of Fort Atkinson washed out about 50 feel of track of the Milwaukee put much of the track under water between there and Jackson Junction west of there and left a lumber yard under water about 6 oclock Thursday evening Early morning passenger trams on the Milwaukee road from Chi cago arrived in Mason City about four hours late Friday morning having detoured by way of Cal mar to Austin Minn and then to Mason City Repairs on Ihc Milwaukee road were expected to be made Friday so that the evening trains from the west Chicago bound would have a clear way according to local officials of the road At Waucoma the Little Turkey river went on a rampage running over its banks and flooding the basements of 12 homes in the south part of town Theriver thcr DEFENSE PLANT GUARDS WATCH IN NEW ALERTS Civilian Authorities Talk of Sabotage and Army of Maneuvers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Military and civil guards stood watch Friday at defense plants from coast to coast summoned overnight byjivilian authorities spofe tary officers who talked only of tactical maneuvers Highlighting the sudden ac tivity from cw England to California was cancellation of leaves of 14000 Fort Dix N J soldiers and a practice alert at Fort Custer Mich was so real istic that officers confessed it even fooled us Motor Vehicles Fuel Also Reported Taken by German Troops BERLIN claimed victory Friday in the battle tor Crete British resistance has col lapsed everywhere the high command asserted and nazi forces now are in possession of another vital north shore harbor Retimo The fierce 11day battle said DNB official German news agen cy lias been decided The Germans now hold Retimo Candia Cretes largest city and Canea its capital as well as the former British naval base ot Suda bay on the side of the island nearest the nazi mainland bases All these were original targets of the airborne invasion At Candia the communique said parachute troops took the city and airport in the face of stout enemy resistance and the Greek commander offered sur GEN B C FUEYBEUG Claim Plane Greek commander offered sur Eight hundred British prison T Gil OH W cLV ei3 plus equipment were cap J Alexander The department said at pin tured at Retimo and several thousand Italian prisoners liber ated i Informed prisoners many motor vehicles and armored cars along with quantities of fuel were taken at Candia Explanation of the presence of Italian prisoners at Retimo was not at once forthcoming It was possible however that these were prisoners taken by the Greeks in the Albanian fighting that pre ceded German conquest of the Greek mainland Almyro bay NEW YORK German station Friday as announcing that General B C Freybcrg commander of British imperial forces on Crete had been killed when his plane crashed enroute to Alexandria CBS recorded the German broad Washington it had issued no in structions of any kind to lead to precautions such as were reported It said it knew nothing of the activities at Fort Dix and Fort Custer but pointed out that post or corps commanders may order alerts or at anv time Airplane factories and estab lishments engaged in defense production it was explained are under the protection of the FBI protection cut through the city park and flowed into a backed up creek The water ran across the east approach to the main bridge which connects the two sections of Waucoma From New Hampton it was reported that two and a half inches of rain fell over a 14 hour period Thursday night The total rain there in the last few days was a little more than cifht inches Maon Citys precipitation was inches No damage was re ported here but the heavy down pour which began shortly before j3 oclock forced the commence mcnl program of the Mason City junior college and high school in side the Roosevelt ficldhouse in stead of being held in the stadium as planned GUXMAK IS XIBBLER CHICAGO gunman held up Haskcll Cohodes manager of a restaurant and took S300 from the till Before leaving the robber nibbled on candy mints from trays at the counter while menacing half a dozen customers and of individual forces at most plants Antiaircraft g u n s were planted atop California plane factories Los Angeles harlior ships were floodlighted police puards were augmented in sev eral cities and west coast pa triotic bodies were asked tn staniE hy Most spectacular of the military measures was the clamping on Jort Cuslcr Mich of a practice alert which was so much like the real thing that Battle Creek police took to the streets to warn civilians against armed sentries We have been advised that there is a threat to the security of the post and every precaution Is being taken to safeguard the post the office commandant an nounced Thursday night At once sentries wereincreased fire equipment went into position guards took over the posts water and power supply and Battle Creek industrial concerns mus tered full quotas of watchmen and special police 1 When the word come thnt it was all in practice Capt Richard Her rick intelligence olficer confessed it even fooled us Meanwhile at Fort Dix N Memorial day leaves of 14000 men were canceled without ex planation Some of the men who had already left camp were or dered to be back by reveille Sat urday Police patroleS terminals to notify soldiers of the cancei ation Leaves were not reported canceled at other army posts Retimo about 30 lies miles southwest Canea and 40 miles west of Candia The Germans reported Thursday they had reached the shores ot Almyro bay after push ing eastward from the occupied shores ot Suda bay KILLS SELF OAK VALLEY Minn Authorities Friday listed the death of George Pokorney 55 as a suicide Pokorney was found hanged in his home here Race Car Burns at Indianapolis GEORGE BAKfUNGKK INDIANAPOLIS UP Fire Friday destroyed the south saragr section at the Indian apolis motor speedway a few hours before the start of the 500mile race but all the racing cars except three were saved However only one of the three destroyed cars was qualified to race in the classic The quali fied car was to have been driv en by George Barringrcr of Houston Tex Sec Sports Page for Details cast The German radio declared thai Freybeifj had ficd nnd that this at first hardly believable fact has been confirmed at Cairo7 by the news service of he Cairo radio station The news service announced lhat the plane with which General Frcyberg and his aide Gerberg were on their way to Alexandria has crashed General Frcyberg was said to have been killed in that said the German radio Thus the New Zealand general has acted as a cowardly deserter in the face of an imminent defeat and in spite of the fact that his troops were engaged in a most dif ficult retreat and has been the first to try his escape The majority of the New Zea land expeditionary corps taken prisoners in the fighting at Suda Bay makes a depressed and em bittered impression The soldiers make no bones about the cowardly flight of their military leader BRITAIN HAS NO FKEYUEKG STATEMKXT LONDOiV URi Authoritative British quarters said Friday hcy had no information on German re ports that General B C Frcyberg of New Zealand commander of empire forces in Crete had been killed while flying to Alexandria BRITISH ADMIT REFORMING OF LINES REQUIRED Italian Press Predicts Allied Surrender Soon ReEJmo Is Captured By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British defenders o Crete were reported in full flight in the 11 clay old struggle Friday and axis dispatches pictured the allies as wander ing around the island lost and demoralized in an artifi cial fog laid down by Adolf Hitlers aerial invaders y Groups of Hritish sol diers were reported stum Winjr a 1 o n g the rocky southern shores of he island hoping that ships might come to evacuate them Fishing boats had taken off i few it was re ported v British middle east head quarters acknowledged that the allies had been compelled to reform their lines amid a tehipest ofLnazi divebombing assaults arid fierce attacks by new airborne German re inforcements The middle east command said battleworn British troops again exacted i heavy toll from the in vaders but it shed no light on tlie possibility of surrender Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Tartly cloudy Friday and Saturday occasional Jmn der showers little chance in temperature MINNESOTA Cloudy Friday night and Saturday occasional light rain or driralc smith and central Little cliangc in 1cm IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Thursday 5 Minimum Thursday night fi At B a in Friday n 171 inches Thursday nights drenching made a total of 325 inches of rainfall to be recorded here in four days YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum cape or es uas just a year ago Friday by coincidence that the first of tlic allied forces to escape the trap in Flanders reached England from Dunkerque w official German n e w s agency said thousands of allied prisoners had been seized and declared that the battle for the strategic Mediterranean island has been The Italian press said surrender of Ihc allies before nightfall was inevitable The Germans reported the cap ture of fietimo Cretes third larg est city about halfway between Candia and Canea tho capital Bolh the latter had previously fallen to nazi sky troops said 800 British prisoners had been taken at Hctimo and that the eastward pursuit of the allies continued UKITISII SPEED tP ADVANXE IN IKA1 With the conflict fast shaping toward anolhcr axis victory the British stepped up their drive to prevent the rich middle east oil kingdom of Iraq from falling into Hitlers grasp British imperial troops ad vanced within five miles of Bag dad the 4000 year old capital of Iraq after n 15 mile march in the last 24 Emir Abdul Halt deposed re Kent of Iraq was said to he fol lowing the British columns ready to establish a new gov ernment Cairo dispatches said1 Iraq ri bal chiefs were flocking to the standard of the Emir who fled the kingdom early in April liaslml Ali AI Gailuni seized Dower in a coup detat and adopted a course of hustilitv to the British GKKMANS SAY KKITiSlI CAUGHT IX CRETE VISE In the climactic battle of Crete the Germans said axis troops driving across the 160 mile long island Ironi opposite directions were relentlessly crushing the LntishGreek allis in a vise Irora which there was no escape Premier Mussolinis high com mand said Italian bluejackets and soldiers who belatedly entered ;