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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 30, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THI NIWVAHI THAT MAKCS ALL NOKTH IOWAHS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 301940 MASON CITY THI ScriSgaslw NO 202 NAZIS SLASH AT ESCAPING ALLIES MAJOR TEST OF AIR SEA FORCE NOW PROVIDED HWer May Next Invade England or Smash Sooth to Strike at Paris By DeWTTT MACKENZIE Associated Fress Staff Writer of the world lias come to the drowsy port ot Dun kerque and the English channel History of warfare never be fore has put together such a pic ture of savage chaos on land and sea and in air as has developed from the allied attempt to salvage what lives they can from the hun dreds of thousands of their troops who had been trapped by the Hit lerites For the first time we have a major battle between the Ger man forces of the air and the AngloFrench ships of war as the allies struggle to perform the all bat impossible task of embarking broken troops for withdrawal It is the initial test strength on Urge scale be tween the air and sea German reports claim the sink ing of British warships and trans ports Thats not surprising We know without being told that many vessels will go down in the fury conflict and that a reat number of airplanes will be WMkVAa inostTirttJunsight of theirbeloved cliffs of Dover A So we come to theend of the battle of major Ger man victory But we havent reached the end of the blitzkrieg which the Ger mans say will finish the war The battle7 of Flanders is just one phase of Hitlers great gamble So what next First we must note that the gallant stand made by the allied armies of toe north in Flanders nail enabled the French to con solidate a line right across northern France from Abbeville on the channel eastward along the Somme river and clear to the Maginot fortifications That line is not only for the de fense of Paris but for the far more vital purpose of preventing a disastrous breakthrough by the Germans in their avowed effort to crush the entire French army The line also provides the kick ing off place for offensive opera tions against the invaders Hitler now has two lines which he can pursue He can attempt his project of invading England now that he has won the battle o Flan ders or he can try to smash south ward to Paris and knock the French out The German press is charging that Britain and France are trying to persuade Switzerland and Port ugal to accept allied protection The nazis say the allies are making another effort to bring more neutrals into the war That sort of comment preceded all the German invasions of neutral territory and one won ders whether Hitler is getting ready to try to lake over Switz erland in an effort to turn Ihe French right wing If that is his Purpose then presumably he will try the assault on France first empires tends I fear to make us overlook the plight of civilians in the fighting zone The speed of mechanized warfare turns peaceful centers into sloughs of slaughter without warning The death toll must be terrible as these helpless folk are torn by bombs and shells and even ground beneath those monster tanks Germans Close Vise on Trapped Soldiers ENGLAND zitwugeiJ ILJ j i j HftUO RankleTransports 3 Warships NOW NEAR END Describe Terrific Blows to Soldiers Attempting Escape the Unions pocket fc 3Freneh exerted channel ports Two other territory in GerL any naxi move in that 1nte aaia BHHsh forees before cleaning oat and probable route of ciaincs Lanagan director or thestudent band of North Lafayette town ship high school provided his boys with a list oE appropriate num bers they may play at Memorial day services this year Last year while the band was iii a ceme tery someone requested the boys to play something They obliged with Hail Hail the Gangs All Here Germany Storting to Clean Up This Peace France NEW YORK A broadcast in German on the wave length of the Berlin radio and heard by CBS Thursday proclaimed that now the German people has started to finish up forever this eternal disturber of its peace France The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday slightly warmer Thursday night except in extreme west and extreme east MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday slightly warmer in central and southeast portions Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday night At 8 a m Thursday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum RI Minimum gl which are like creatures out of a nightmare The American Red Cross the other day estimated that 5000000 Just so we saw them streaming out of this selfsame scene in the World war We used to encounter long lines of old women and men and chil dren plodding hopelessly along the highways with their pitiful be ill here and there dropping into merciful death from exhaustion lii Couple on Honeymoon Injured in Accident Near Des Moines Rockwell girl was killed and two young Rock well persons on their honeymoon injured when their honeymoon trip wound up in an automobile collision 20 miles northeast of Des Moines Wednesday night The victim was 20 year old Kuth a student nurse at Iowa Lutheran hospital in Bes Moines Earlier in the day she had acted as bridesmaid at the wedding at Rockford of Ambrose Cahalan 24 and Mar guerite Figard 21 The Cahalans were both hurt the bridegroom being seriously in jured while the bride escaped with minor injuries Others in the collision were O A Klinge 32 of Des Moines who had minor injuries and Mrs Khnge 32 who suffered cuts and bruises The couple had been wed at the Catholic rectory in Rocfc ford Wednesday morning by Father Paul LaValette The Cahalans were bringing Miss Kruggel to Des Moines at the time of the accident and the Klinges were enroute to Minne apolis for a Memorial day visit On the rear of the Cahalan car was a sign Just Married Highway patrolmen who inves tigated said the cars collided at a detour near the Junction of high ways 117 and 64 Cause of the crash was not determined im mediately and officers were con tinuing their investigation Thurs day The injured were brought to Des Moines hospitals Surviving Miss Kruggel are her parents Mr and Mrs Max Krug ecl a brother Kenneth and a sis ter Irene al of Rockwell She was graduated from Rockwell high EChool in 1937 and had en tered nurses training in Septem ber of 1938 Funeral services will be held Saturday afternoon at the home at 2oclock and at oclock at the Lutheran church The Patterson funeral home at Rockwell is in charge another accident the German high command an nounced Thursday and the Ger man air force has sunk three allied warships and 16 transports try ing to effect withdrawals from the pocket British and French troops able to reach the channel coast throuih the rakinr bombard ment of the German air force and artillery were said to have plunged into the sea trying to swim to the small British boats lying at anchor to carry them away These boats and protecting war ships were targets of the German fighter and destroyer units in the air More than 60 ships were said to have been hit by the rain of bombs including the three war ships and 16 transport vessels re ported sunk Ten warships and 21 merchant ships of all sizes were reported seriously damaged or fired The high command said the battle FUnden and Artou is an MMI with dextnie KUTH KRUGGEL of Crash r swung open and the girl toppled out to a soldier who was demoted and courtmartialed because he de nounced his superiors for failure to provide a more adequate air de fense Thirty pilots of the Wiscon sin civil air corps flying light one and twoseater planes participated in the demonstration in memory 1lF iVin tt ui uiwiuv nn UR Gov the World war aviation chief Clifford Townsend of Indiana ed here in advance of after the armistice to campaign for more and better airplanes OAREp Progresses Amid Violence BERLIN French PARIS the allies ac cepting final defeat in Flanders the French and British navies set up a shuttle system at the heavily bombed channel port of Dunker que Thursday to supply allied troops and remove contingents by degrees fiom the nazi trap A military spokesman said the r j t i s h and operation was progressing method in the Flanders iijjue in me rianaers viuieiii ot Artois trap have been destroyed two flanks where with one armies fichihw there Estimates of the number of British and French troops hemmed in by German attackers arid the channel coast now range from that made Thursday by a Paris spokesman 300000 men to the halfmillion figure which was current this week in Berlin The Paris military spokesman estimated that the Germans had thrown 40 divisions between 440 000 and 600000 men into the con verging offensive Leaving enormous Quantities of war material behind the Brit ish are fleeing to the sea accord ing to the Germans Antiaircraft artillery tiring point blank at allied boats seek ing to remove the shattered forces from the channel shore was cred ited with sinking one patrol boat and damaging 10 others includ ing five speed boats Pursuit and destroyer plajie unite protecting the monster attack of the German land forces shot down 68 allied planes the high command said Many French units cut off from all hope of escape to the sea with their British comrades by the German capture of Lille French industrial city were re Gray 3 daughter of Mr and Mrs Harold Gray of Des Moines was injured when she fell out of a moving car near Indianola ricul 1Usuiai my were re The parents said the girl was ported laying down their arms alone in the rear seat of the car These one here knew when she apparently tripped the their compressed handle to the door catch The door into an area 12 miles square south swung nnpn nnH 4ij of Lille sliced off from the main Flanders pocket The high command said 89 al lied planes were destroyed Wed nesday including the 68 shot down by pursuit and destroyer groups Seventeen were said to have been picked oft by antiair craft gunners and the remainder of the 89 destroyed on the ground The Germans acknowledged that 15 of their own planes were missing The lighting around Narvik far northern Norway port which Brit ish French and Norwegian forces Tribute Paid American Who Was Demoted for Stressing Air Defense MILWAUKEE Wis ianairplanes roared in massed formation over the grave of Brig Gen William Billy Mitchell isn rrencn ana forces Thmsday Memorial day tribute entered Wednesday was said to be continuing unabatingly The German garrison driven from the town proper took up mountain GOVERNORS TO MEET DULUTH Minn UR Gov M tional governors conference which convenes June 2 i j i ically amid violent combats on the ception at Mount Cassel the Ger man advance was being held The Germans were believed to have captured Mount Cassel two miles from the city of Cassel and less than 20 milessouth of Dun kerque The spokesman estimated the Germans hid thrown between and 600000 men into a converging offensive against an estimated French and British troops being rushed to the coast to escape by sea In Berlin the Germans said many French units trapped in a 12mile square area south of Lille were surrendering The capture of Lille most important industrial city iri that area separated these French units from the larger body trapped in Flanders The military spokesman pic tured the Flanders front as fol lows Allied troops hold a double line the first running along the Yser river from the vicinity of Nieu portto Ypres and the second froih tb region of gravelihes to the out skirtsof British troopsare consokdated on both sides of this corridor with strong defenses established along a line of mounts which separates Lille from Dunkerque In the bottom of this pocket southeast of the mounts French troops are protecting the rear German attacks have been con centrated from St Omer to Cas sel A secondary nazi attack was reported launched directly on Dunkerque by strong armored forces but all failed except the Mount Cassel action The allies opened flood sluices around Dunkerque and let the wa ter into an area crisscrossed by canals and streams to cover their retreat Locks were opened southwest and northeast of Dunkerque on the great canal that flows by the city and follows the coast for many miles The allies were using naval units off all tonnages to remove troops and bring fresh supplies to those still fighting French and British warships and both land and naval airplanes cooperated in this great retreat being made through hardpressed Dunkerque French Units Cut Off Reported to Be Giving Up Fight By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Retreating allied troops fought desperate rear guard actions Thursday against the smash of an esti mated 440000 to 600000 Germans rushing across the plains of Flanders to crush them before they can escape by sea Many French units completely cut off from their British comrades in a 12 mile pocket around Lille were reported laying down their arms The German high command declared the great battle of Flanders was fast nearing the end with the destruction of the English and French armies fight ing there Hitlers divebombing stukas sank 16 transports and three British warships and damaged 34 other vessels waiting to embark the fleeing allies at chan nel ports the nazi high command said The British expeditionary force was pictured by Berlin as being cut to pieces almost within sight of the chalk cliffs of Dover across the English channel alliorT nlonoc TL i General BUnchard is com mander of the French twees at Dunkirk last large channel port open to the hemmedin British and French armies allied planes were reported shot down or destroyed by the Germans in what appeared to be the prelude to the biggest mass aerial battle of the 21 day old warin the west The nazi high command admitted the loss of only 15 planes in the Sierce sky battle The British air mmistrj said the Royal AitWorft shtt down 52 enemy ptaiies including 25 bombers and dam aged 17 others in encounters with many large formations of enemy aircraft engaged in bombing operations on the irenth and Belgian coasts Only 10 British planes the air ministry said were miss ing British military circles also insisted that the B E F held its main base depots in Flanders The German high command said the B E F was in full dissolu tiou forsaking enormous quanti ties of war material in its flight to the sea The wholesale destruction of troop transports and protecting naval craft centered at the flameravaged French channel port of Dunkerque now the lone sea exit left to an esti mated 300000 to 500000 French and British soldiers fleeing the German trap in By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HER ail force reports sinking of three British warships and 16 transports and shooting down of 78 planes in night raids on allies naval units attempting to rescue allied troops from Flanders say antiaircraft fire sank another warship nazis expect Quick capitula tion of trapped half million LONDON Air Force reports 52 German planes shot down including 25 bombers and 17 damaged in attacks over French and Belgian coasts report vio lent fighting in Flanders along Yser river and near Cassel allied warships and planes cooperate to cover re treat from trap hundred and six student priests of North American college prepare to sail for home as Italy contin ues speedup war moves e r m a n troops withdrawing from al liedoccupied Narvik in dan ger of being trapped by Nor wegian forces guardingfron tier Shells burst anew over vet erans cemeteries in Flanders field inursday as Americans once again paid Memorial day tribute to the unknown soldier and his thous ands of fellows who died just 22 years ago in the war to end all wars Much of the nation paused to observe the holiday and place wreaths on graves of all wars rnc armies ier Over Flanders Graves dead buried at home But war and fears of war sent President Roosevelt into conference with his new national defense commission and denied congress its usual hol iday The president who customarily places a wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier designated his military aide Maj Horace B Smith to lead Die nations observ ance in Arlington National ceme a m CST MajorSmith fought in France in the World war Congress pored over several bills to strengthen the national de fenses After Major Smiths visit to the tomb veterans organizations were to place wreaths there every two minutes until p m EST Boy Scouts decorated the graves m Arlington and Paul V McNutt past national commander of the American Legion principal address delivered the there Joseph Bentonelli of the Metropolitan Opera company sang Other Washington observances included a parade on Constitution avenue fay veterans organizations and patriotic groups The present European war brought startling developments in Detroit and Philadelphia plans for the day In Detroit Herbert Busse Ger man submarine commander in the World war and commander of the German veteranspost said his group had withdrawn from the parade to avoid any embarrass ment to other foreign groups All but two ot the posts 86 mem bers are American citizens and the other two have their first papers toward naturalization Only American flags were car ried in the Detroit parade Philadelphia police r signed to guard services at Fort Hill Hill near Fort Washington American Legion officials Pa re re ported they heard that the Ger manAmerican bund planned to hold a special meeting1 simul taneously with Memorial day ser vices New York City parades at tracted an estimated 75000 marchers Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt spoke on peace and the signifi cant challenge ot Memorial dny this year at services in Fern cliffc cemetery Ardsley N Y Gov Arthur H James of Penn sylvania spoke at Gettysburg bat tlefield at Osteud naziheld port in Belgium Berlin reported that detach ments of French soldiers caught in the German squeeze south of Lille had surrendered Other French divisions and the British expeditionary force bat tleweary but putting up a stub born rearguard fight fell back to the English channel under con stant strafing by planes and sav age flank attacks The iiazis insist that even if the retreating allies reach the coast escape has been cut by terrific artillery and air bombardment of the port of Dunkerque Except for the perilous final chapter of the allies escape lo the sea the bloody battle great land op eration of the over In withdrawing their battered northern armies the allies have yielded for the moment at least a 10000squarcmile strip com prising all of France north of the Somme and Aisne rivers and the small segment of Belgium which still remained unconquered until the surprise surrender of 300000 Belgian troops by King Leopold III two days ago The retreating allies pocketed m a triangleshaped area lying between Calais Lille and Ostcnd engaged in terrific fighting on the Yser and near Cassel the French high command reported Thursday On the north south and east the Germans pressed in claser and closer for the kill above them nazi machinegunning and divebombing planes have kept up an incessant din ahead or them lay the English channel spotted by German submarines and Adolf Hitlers mosquito fleet of torpedo boats ready to cut loose with torpedoes at rescue vessels Throughout Thursday night the battle raged across the Iraji ;