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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 29, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEPARTMENT C F HISTORY A 9 C H I V C D E S M 0 1 N E 3 I A VOL I Bresa and Unitrt Press Full Leased MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS1 One Mans Opinion A Kadia Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mnu City Sundlr 4pm KHMO Hinnikll loudly p m KSLI Clly p m WO1 Amti Fridar p n KSCJ Citjr Fridiy p m Courage Is Still a Quality of Youth IT has been my very great privi 1 lege these past 3 weeks to talk to about a dozen high school grad uating classes And I use the word privilege advisedly It has been just that Ive found it a most stimulating experience Im very sure that Ive benefited more by these contacts with 3 or 4 hundred cleareyed forwardlooking young men and women than they possi bly could have from my lowgrade oratorical efforts In the beginning I made the mistake of assuming that these Hieh schoolers being turned out into a warrinr and confused world might be pretty discouraged about their prospects I bore down quite heavily oh the oftrepeated his torica fact that other peoples of other days have had their dark and confused hours too that there have been prophets of gloom in Ihese teriods of crisis Found on a papyrus in the museum of Constantinople and said to be part of the oldest writ ings in the world were these words Alas times are not what they used to be Children no long er obey their parents and every one wants to write a book Wilberforce philanthropist slave emancipator member of parlia ment in 1790 uttered this I dare not marry the future is so dark and unsettled And thcsreat English prime minister William Pitt in 1800 said There scarcely anything around us but ruin and despair Fifty years later the brilliant Disraeli gave voice to the following In indus try commerce and agriculture there Is no hope On the day of his death in 1851 the Iron Duke of Wellington sang this tortured lament thank God that I am spared the consum mation of the ruin that is gather ins around THEN in our own Ive mentioned him more than was the member ol our lower house of congress who just a hundred years ago now of fered a resolution calling for an elimination of the patent on the theory that everything that could be invented had been in vented so why spend our good money maintaining a clearing house for inventions which jusl arent going to be History of course proved al these prophets of gloom dead wrong ON the affirmative side in the development of my message to the 1944 seniors Ive invited at tention to the fact that many of our greatest books have been written much of our greatest statesmanship produced and some of pur most lustrous chapters of history made by men who refused tc let themselves become victims of selfpity men who carried on in the face of seemingly impossi ble handicaps Cripple him and yon have a Sir Walter Scott N Pat him in a prison cell and 1 you have a John Bunyan Bury him in the snows of Valley Forge and yon have a George Washington Have him born in abjecl poverty in the backwoods and you have an Abraham Lincoln Load him with bitter racial prejudice and you have a Disraeli Afflict him with asthma until a boy he leis choking in his fa thers arms and you have a Theo dore Roosevelt Stab him with rheumatic pains nntil for years he cannot sleep without an opiate and you have a Steinmetz Put him in the grease pit of a locomotive roundhouse and have a Walter P Chrysler Start him as a lowly news butcher on a railroad train and you have a Thomas A Edison Make him second fiddle in an obscure South American orchestra and you have a Toscanini an occasion or two to make my point the clearer Ive dip id into a stirring book by Ben famous American journal and playwright for these high hts of a distinguished career as newspaper reporter saw Christ Haggerty of the Associated Press climb an icy tele raph pole in the Dayton Ohio flood tap out his last message Dayton and slide unconscious to the earth I heard Hugo Haase stand up in the first National German as sembly at Weimar and proclaim I am a German who believes the might of guns will only win us an ignoble place in the human family If this be treasonkill me They killed the rcichstag steps in Berlin I saw Lou Gehrig bat out his last homer with his spine tied in a knot I saw George Gershwin writing his last tunes for the Goldwyn Tan PMC 2 3 Five Cents Copjr MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 29 1944 6 German Plane Plants Hitby 1000 Bombers 1200 FIGHTERS ESCORT FLEET ACROSS EUROPE you Huge Armada Equals Record Breaking U S Assaults of Sunday London thousand heavy American bombers and 1200 fighters spanned the length of i Germany Monday bombing 2 air craft factories in Poland and 4 in central and eastern Germany while other fleets struck up from the south at the Vienna and Wiener Neustadt areas As Ihe stunning day of bom bardment drew to dusk it ap peared that the allies might have sent out another fleet as large as the record number of 8000 war planes which flew Sunday from British and Italian bases The predominantly American fleets of warplanes scourged the face of Europe bombed the in vasion coasts of France and Bel gium strafed the front lines in Italy and reached deep inside j Germany Poland and Austria tot tear up hideaway plants of the i German aircraft industry The skydarkening fleet equalled that of Sunday which was the largest ever dispatched j dozen German by the U S air forces The Polish factories were at Poznan and Kreisling Those in Germany were at Leipzig Tutow Cottbus and Sorau The flight to AUSTRALIAN MacARTHUR MOVES troops arrow have invaded Biak island putting Gen Douglas Mae Arthurs iorces within 900 miles of the TCWL area is Japcontrolled miles of the Philippines Black Allies Close In on Airdrome in Invasion of Biak Island By UNITED PRESS Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs invasion armies have carried their ve conqiicsl of the southwest Pacific to Biak island off Dutch New Gumea and Australia s acting Pfime Minister Francis M Forde sug Monday that MaeArthur targets Sunday Poznan entailed a roundtrip of at least 1450 miles Simultaneously hundreds of lesser American bomuers struck heavily and repeatedly at the French invasion coast bombing bridges railroads and airdromes The attacking Fortresses and Liberators split inta several spear heads in efforts to vcbhfound the enemy defenses The German radio reported the fleets en gaged in a number of sky battles Enemy broadcasts said another allied fleet was striking in the lower Danube basin from Italy The operations of this hot sum mery day were in force compar able to Sundays great outpouring when 6000 bombers and fighters flew from British bases and 2000 more struck from Italy chiefly at the Italian battle area Kreisling is 5 miles southeast cf Poznan where the heavy bombers have battered aircraft factories before Tutow also has been bombed before Leipzig Cotlbus and Sorau all are in the very heart of central Germany between 100 and 130 miles south of Berlin Poznan is 50 miles in side the Polish border Seven heavy bombers were iorced to land in Sweden Stock holm dispatches said Germany on the alert al most continuously throughout the day The Achtung warnings started cluttering the enemy waves a couple of hours after dawn and it was not until 4 p m that the enemy could assert that the reich was clear of enemy planes Then an hour later the networks warned of single en emy raiders over southwest Ger many Between 500 and 750 Flvine Fortresses and Liberators bombed an aircraft plant at Atzgerdssdorf near Vienna the Wiener Neustadt Plant No 1 and the nearby IVord and Wellersdorf airdromes Both the Wiener Neustadt air dromes normally are crowded with aircraft fresh from the as sembly lines of the nearby Mes serschmitt plants First reports from Naples did not mention con centrations Monday Other Liberators from Italy bombed 2 German troop concen trations in Yugoslavia in support of Marshal Titos peasant army It was reported officially in Naples that considerable numbers of enemy fighters were encoun tered over Austria precipitating great sky battles Convoying Mus tang fighters tangled with the bulk of the German interceptors Lightnings which escorted the bombers lo Yugoslavia strafed motor transports trains and an airdrome in northwest Yugo slavia One Liberator formation attack ing Wiener Neustadt was assigned the task of destroying anything still intact in the main Messer schmitt factory which has been damaged in 6 previous assaults The Germans declared heavy air battles were fought with nazi fighters striking through allied escort screens into the bomber formations The daylight assaults capped a night in which the RAF kept the snowballing air offensive rolling on the railroad center of Angers the German chemical city of Ludwigshafen and other targets on the French coast The largest American aerial ar mada yet dispatched delivered Itery art a including 5 urgently needed syn thetic oil plants around Leipzig Dresden and Magdeburg in the very heart of the central reich a United States communique said Extensive fires and explosions were recorded in fuel factories at Huhland Lutzkenclorf Mersebur Magdeburg and Zeitz The Ger man army tank and armored ve hicle plants at Konigsborn suf fered heavy and extensive dam with all principal buildings hit the communique said Other damage was done by the 1000 bombers and 1200 convoy ing fighters at a Junkers aircraft engine factory at LeipzigTaucha at Zwickau where rail yards and the airdrome were bombed at the BnmclisPolenz airdrome near Leipzig and at Ihe railroad yards east of Berlin at Frankfurt and at Cologne The RAF operations Sunday night which also included mine laying in enemy waters lost one British plane Since dawn Saturday exclusive of the latest night attack by Brit ish planes about 14500 tons of bombs have been loosed by allied Planes on countless continental objectives by some 12000 aerial sorties individual plane flights flown from both Britain and Italy American losses were 34 heavy bombers and 13 fighters while 93 German planes were shot down a U S communique said Rescue workers still were clin ging Monday morning into the English south coast town hotel hit by nazi planes Sunday night Brighton and Torquay resort towns were named by the Ger man radio as the targets of the nazi planes IOWAN IS MISSING may invade the Philippines be fore many more months American infantrymen landed on Biak Saturday and closed in on Mokmer airdrome one of the 3 airfields on the island Sunday in a 200mile jump from the New Guinea coast which put Mac Arthur 900 miles southeast of the Philippines Speaking at a luncheon Sydney Forde said that he hoped MaeArthur would go back to the Philippines with a bang then go on to Formosa and Japan Supporting dropped 288 tons of explosives on Biak while allied naval units sent shells whistling in on the enemy installations Nine enemy aircraft were shot of them fighters and a bomber by 1 American fighter pilot Quite a was reported by the American troops advancing toward Maffin airdrome in the WakdeSamii area In the Hollandia area Japanese troops were being wiped out by the hundreds of American patrols and by disease and privation communique said that the Japa nese resistance had disintegrated into straggling groups seekin only food and escape unchecked by assaults northwestern French 2 Killed in CarTruck Crash Drivers Bond Is Placed at Carroll B Moore oS North Western railroad engi neer Council Bluffs and Jimmie Bell 11 Carroll were killed in a truckautomobile accident miles west of here Saturday night Sheriff Tom Fincgan re ported Injured were Mrs Helen Bull broken leg and bruises and hci Kelchikan Alaska j daughter Joan bruises boih of H Mcindle seaman son of Carroll All 4 were in the NIPPON FORCES DRIVE ON CHINA FROM 4 FRONTS Chinese Authorities Believe War May Be Entering Critical Phase BULLETIN May 30 Japanese armored columns knifed deep into the rice bowl area of central China on both sides of Tungtiug Lake Tues day and a communique disclosed that the invaders have driven to within 45 miles of the main Chi enese base al Chanesha in 3 days of heavy fighting By J B KRUEGER Associated Press War Editor Chinas armies fought desperate ly on fronts Monday to thwart the most ambitious Japanese of fensives in 7 years of against the Chinese The Asiatic lighline over shadowed all oilier Pacific war fronts including the progressing American invasion of Ihe Schou lens because it was the most omi nous Chungking authorities felt that China beset in the north and east may be entering its mosl critical period of the conflict Japanese troops pushed down the HankowCanton railroad to within 80 miles of Chanesha 1 cty the Chinese have seen fit lo Mrs Anne Meindle Marshalltown has Oeen reported missing by the district coast guard headquarters Meindle was 1 of 5 enlisted men and 2 coast guard officers who went to the rescue of 2 stranded fishing boats last Moore was driving Finegan said Russell Peterson B e r k e I c driver of the truck was held on a manslaughter charge with bond set at S3000 in W J Schmichs justice of peace court Sunday morning The case was waived to grand jury V AT BARNYARD GOLF Admiral commander in chief of the U S Pa in a doubles w Chester W cific fleet starts a horseshoe toward the stake s game at a picnic for flag personnel as one of his opponents Los stands nonl rn T1J1 s non chalantly by The admiral and his partner Elmer H Helf mann a marine corps sergeant from St Paul Minn Avon the match the navy said defend with great previous occasions effort on 3 all success fully Four enemy columns pushed southward toward Changsha ap parently to gain full control of ihe rail line which would help sew up a great segment of China fronting on the Pacific Coupled with Japanese drive to win control of the Hankow Peiping or northern section of the railway the enemy objective coiild be to seal off all of eastern part of the country future allied use as a base to bomb Japan Maj Geii Claire Cheimaulfs Hth IJ S airforce rushed into the ChanKSha liehtine strafiner the road from Yoyang to Puchi de stroying trucks troops ware houses and barracks Farther north bar racks at Sinyanc on the Hankow Pelplns section Fighting in Honan lo the north Chungking rased on at last report but reports gave no new Taper Consists at Two On NO an Allied Troops Push Wedge to Within 17 Miles of Rome word on the Chinese counterof fensive The Japanese crowed that in capturing Loyang key rail city they had dealt allied plans for a Chinabased air of tensivea mortal blow On a 3rd front Chinese troops slogged through rain fog mud and sleet in Yunnan province pursuing Japanese retreating to ward the Burma frontier The Chinese aiming at a junction with allied forces in Burmese Myitkyina assaulted prepared mountain positions 8 miles west of captured Tatangtzu village Stihvells Chinese and Ameri cans stormed into Myitkyina to within half a mile of the railway station This was the first notable advance in days The Myitkyina battle was a vi tal part of the China battle for Stihvell needs it to link the Ledo and Burma roads for a supply line into China FLOOD WATERS ARE RECEDING Clear Skies Prevail in Most of State Des Moines waters continued to recede in all sections of Iowa Monday as clear skies prevailed throughout most of the state and residents turned to re habilitation and catching upon outdoor work The heaviest rain Sunday and Sunday night was 116 inches at Onawa Iowa Falls had 64 of an inch Fort Dodge 32 Waterloo 42 and Decorah 27 The weather bu reau said none of those rains nould cause any rise in rivers in flood areas The highest temperature Sun clay was 86 at Onawa The low last night was 55 at Decorah 71 Malaria Cases in Clannda Prisoner Camp Are Reported Omaha cases of malaria have been reported among German prisoners of war al the Clarinda Iowa camp but all are recurring cases which developed originally overseas the 7th service command said Mon day The cases are similar lo nu merous ones among American servicemen returned to armyjhos pitals in the United contracting the disease overseas and there is no cause for alarm the army emphasized The infected prisoners are ing kept under careful observa tion and treatment and will be confined to the camp area and not be sent out on work projects it was added CLEAN UP RUBBLE OF CASSINO battle has passed on and allied engineers arc busy getting Cassinos roads into condition to carry the great volume of fighting equipment that will pass through toward the front A liig bulldozer pushes rubble to the side of the road as a dis patch rider passes on the left In the background is Hang mans Hill where many allied and nazi soldiers lost their lives in the bitter battle for the town DEMAND U S REVEAL PLANS Governors Ask Postwar Projects Be Outlined By WICK TEMPLE Hershey Pa Immediate announcement by the federal gov ernment postwar public works aid program was demanded before the national conference of governors Monday We should be told what the federal government is going to do declared Gov Dwighl Gris wold R during a round table discussion on postwar prob lems I feel it would help tremend ously in local planning it we knew Real planning at the local level cannot be done unless we do know Id rather know even if I didnt approve of the plan Gov Matthew M Necly D W asserted he would like hear views of Gov Thomas Dewcy of New York and Gov Negotiations Dogging Down in Northwest Lumber Strike Dispute Portland Ore UR Negotia tions for the settlement of the northwest lumber strike bogged down Monday after the union an nounced it could not conscien tiously recommend lo its members lhat they return to their jobs and 2oOO employes of the 2 largest sawmills in the world joined the 30000 men already idle The strike which started 10 days ago in protest against he war labor boards denial of a wage increase has spread to niore than 100 plants in Washington Oregon and Montana The Columbia liver district council of the CIO International Woodworkers association that the WLB had abrogated its right to jurisdiction of the strike through its failure lo investigate the walkout directly and refused to recommend that the workers John W Brickcr of Ohio top figI return to their jobs in compliance ures in discussions over the reto a WLB request to resume work publicnn presidential nomination Pending negotiations You place the chair in a very embarrassing position comment ed Gov Leverett Saltpnstoll R conference chairman Dewcy was silent but Brickcr rose to face the governors and de clared It shouldnt be embarrassing for any governor to express his position on matters of that kind Id like to see the governors con ference take the position we can take care of our local responsibil ities and will not ask the federal government for its help The federal government now desperately in clebl will have a difficult job solving its financial problems The state and local gov ernments are either out of debt or approaching solvency and can bet ter assume this responsibilty Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy with widely scattered thundershow crs Monday and Tuesday Warmer Monday night Iowa Partly cloudy through Wednesday with widely scat tered thundershowers Monday night and Tuesday ana extreme east portion Wednesday Con tinued warm with moderate winds cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with widely scattered thundcrshow crs Monday night and east por tion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 80 Minimum Sunday night 64 At 8 a m Monday 69 Rain Sunday u jncf YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 47 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 82 Minimum Saturday night 57 At 3 a m Sunday 66 Ram Tracc YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum M 87 67 The executive board of the coun cil voted lo petition President Roosevelt to appoint an adminis trator and agreed to remain in session pending some solution Union officials however expressed the opinion that the workers would not return to their jobs re gardless of the measures taken by the executive council The wage boosts sought by the unions included a minimum hour ly increase from 90 cents to SI OS requested by the AFL and to S102 asked by the CIO STIFF BATTLES STAGED IN FIFTH ARMY ADVANCE Report 3 German Divisions Virtually Destroyed in Italy BULLETIN Allied Headquarters Naples tanks have struck to the slopes of the Alban hills less than 16 miles from Romes outskirts and are attacking Ger man mobile strongpoints of armor artillery and infantry a front dis patch said Monday Sharp German counleraUacks have been beaten off on the 5th army flank extend ing across a road from Lanuvio to Campoleone a dispatch from As sociated Press Correspondent Daniel De Luce said and fight ing off this dancer to the flank tankled infantry made progress all day Allied Headquarters Naples WP army troops stormed to ward 4 Romeline strongholds against fierce resistance Monday thrusting one wedge within 17 miles of he Eternal City Headquarters declared 3 of 18 German divisions engaged in bat tle had been virtually destroyed In the broad offensive launched May II with more than 15000 prisoners taken Overwhelming Aprilia once bitterlycontested beachhead for tress the 5th punched north with in a mile o closest penetration toward Rome To the east HID 5th army ad vanced within 2000 yards of Val montone on the shelltorn Via Casilina despite flamethrowing German counterassaults v Steady artillery fire was pump ed on to he Via Casilina main escape route for 8 German di visions being forced back on the front lo the southeast In between on the Campoleone Valmontonc line oilier forces fought in the outskirts of Vclletri on the Appian way and closed upon Laiuivia 4 miles southwest where tbe Alban hills begin to rise from the Pontine plain Despite several sharp German counterattacks the Americans are advancing slowly in the direction of Rome a batllefront dispatch from Associated Press Corre spondent Edward Kenedy de clared Meanwhile he 8th army in the Liri and Sacco valleys to the southeastpushed ahead breaking down German rear guard stands As the sound of the great battle rolled into Rome the enemy in the mountains southeast of Val montone wis driven out of the towns of SermoiiGta and Bassiano whelmed Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy below Nonna which was over Sunday Snipers still were active in the hills beyond this area and nth army patrols were mopping them up In its northward drive the 5th army slashed across i of the bit terest battlegrounds of the beach head fights of last February French forces meantime fol lowed up their sczurc of Villc Santo Etc fano by taking off northward through the hills tn PUSH TOWARD ROMEAllied troops were thrusting nearer Rome Monday with the baltlef rent indicated on the above map by jagged line ;