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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF cour NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME JMSTOKy MD AUCHIVES DES UOINES IA VOL U Associated Pita and United Proa Fun Leued Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT Cents Copyi One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary by W EARL HAU Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mion CUT Sundiy p m KSC1 Sioux City Suwiy p B WOI Ames Wednesday m WSltl low Clly Wednesdiy p m WTAD qulocj 111 Frldy p m That These Shall Not Have Died in Vain all the things that have been said and written on the sub ject of peace and subject Uppermost in Americas thinking in Mliis Alemorial day season nothing surpasses this excerpt out of the Abraham Lincoln Gettys burg address of 4 score years ago It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task re maining before us that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last lull measure of devotion that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain that this na tion under God shall haye a new birth of freedom and that government of the people by the people for the people shall not perish from the earth I reproduce it here for the pur pose of establishing the atmos phere for 3 vagrant memories called up from my visit last fall to the European theater of war THAT military aspects of it at at an end Hitler and all that he stood for have been crushed into ihe dust The doctrine of un bridled might has been over thrown by freemen of the world lighting for the cause of human dignify Japan actuated by the same philosophy of brute force remains to be beaten The war isnt over It would be a mistake to assume that it is So long as oar boys fight and die on the fields of bat tle its war We are entitled to a certain de comfort and consolation however from the fact that from this point on we can swing against the Japanese with both hands No longer is a major division of OUT strength as between Europe and the Pacific necessary Were free to might against the vv Whether totalvictory wuTcome soon or not so soon nobody can say for certainAllthat can be said with finality is that it must come eventually It must be proved for all time that the con cepts of decency for which we stand are not only better but stronger more virile than the philosophy of totalitarianism against which we fight Japs May Abandon Shuri for New Okinawa Stand this as preface we are now ready for those 3 va grant memories to which I have made reference One will touch on the nature of this war onewill preview the next next war there is to be the third will deal with the possibility of banishing war from the face of the earth 1 has its setting in Churchill hospital near Oxford Eng land I was particularly interest ed in this hospital because it is staffed quite largely by lowans trained at Schick hospital Clin ton The commanding officer is Col tester Dyke who lived his boy hood at Orange City and was graduated from the University ol Iowa college of medicine Dr Ed ward Anderson Iowa football coach and Dr Lawrence Ristine former athletic trainer at Iowa are members of he hospital med ical staff i Eddie Anderson came down to London to pick me up I was glad to leave London because for more than a month I had been witness ing Hitlers robot plane attack on that sprawling city I was weary of it Wo bombs had fallen on Oxford I learned A fellow pas senger on the 60 mile motor trip was the duchess of Marlborough Her home Blenheim castle near Churchil hospital the good offices of Iowa staff friends I was permitted to visit all sections of that great rambling institutio covering about 5 acres I visited the convalescent wards first I saw scores of lads clomp ing about on canes and crutches They had been wounded in Nor mandy and interior France The Red Cross was on hand trying in many ways to occupy their minds and hands trying and success fully to keep up their morale Then I visited a bed ward where I saw more dozens of boys with arms legs and even faces shot away One was smoking a cigraret from a nostril for the good reason that he was without lips or lower jaw Last I visited the operating room I was dressed in surgeons garb including face mask and covering for hair and shoes Seven operations were under way I moved about from one to an other My time in that operating 1 room was about an hour it seemed an eternity pDDIE ANDERSONS patient tnis occasion was a lad who had had the very great misfortune uto get in front of a rfazi flame at St Lo where I had been just 10 days beiore St Lo Continued on Pare 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 28 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS raw lonsisla ot One NO 198 FIGHTING FLARES IN LEBANON said Monday that keystone of their t least That supposed new line in high ground south of the Kokuba river valley even now was being out flanked however by an American column slashing down the east coast against meager resistance The column secured a 300foot escarpment overlooking the beaches of southern Okinawa aft er killing perhaps 2000 Japanese iin a 3day battle then smashed on another 2500 yards to OKUSU ku town 2 miles south of the port of Yonabaru BOMB FIELDS NEAR TOKYO JapsReport New Raids on Air Bases Guam B29 Super fortresses and 30 Mustang fighters bombed and strafed iyt 4tum smouldering Tokyo for 40 min capital of Okinawa and broadutes at midday Monday Japanese ened their bridgehead across the On the west coast marines of the 6th division drove another 800 yards through the rubble of Naha Asato river inside the city almost to the shores of the East China The marines also threw a 5th bridge across the Asato and were pouring reinforcements of men guns tanks and supplies into the heart of the capital The Japanese were putting up only rear guard resistance apparently resigned to abandoning it for higher ground farther south The garrison of the inland cita del of Shuri which has held up the American advance for nearly a month apparently decided on an organized withdrawal to escape encirclement by 10th army forces pushing down both sides of Ihe city The fall of Yonabaru in the east and penetration of Naha in the west already has exposed Shuris flanks A Pacific fleet communique re ported that the Japanese blew up 15 to 20 cave positions in front of Wana ridge facing the first ma rine division northwest of Shuri Sunday Enemy troop movements sighted south of Shuriby marine pilots strengthenedthe belief that the Japanese were preparing draw from the pocket United Press War Correspondent Edward L Thomas reported from Okina wa Fighter pilots of the 2nd mariue wing struck through gray clouds and drizzling rain at enemy troops moving alone roads south of Oki nawa in columns of as many as 1500 Thomas said Some 30000 Japanese were hemmed into the southern tip of Okinawa Ground artillery and the big guns of battleships cruisers and lighter units of the fleet joined in the slaughter As many as 200 shells at one time hit some ene my groups in a Pacific version of Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgom erys famed Monty barrage in the European war Following up the bombardment operations all along the front but Iowa the seventh division onthe east gun and mortar fire broadcasts said If true the planes also may have been attempting to get de tailed photographs of the destruc tion spread through the capital by 4000 tons of fire bombs in last Saturdays B29 raid Two other groups of B29s Mon day mined Hakata bay off north ern Kyushu and Kanmon straight between Honshu and Kyushu radio Tokyo said Tokyo claimed that Japanese fighters shot down four of the big bombers and dam aged eight others The enemy broadcasts also re ported that the Japanese foreign ministry greater East Asia min istry and possibly 40 to 50 percent of Tokyos public utilities were destroyed in Saturdays disastrous air raid Tokyo newspapers were refer ring to the smouldering city as a new battlefield the broadcasts said Radio Tokyo conceded that fu ture American raids may be even more terrible The enemy aids will increase in ferocity in the future Tokyo said He with his naked ambi tion will certainly attemptto de stroy and burn dovri every inch of the capital Officers of the 21st bomber com mand said preliminary reports in dicated the attack very suc cessful but were awaiting re connaissance photographs to de termine the exact extent of de struction Fires still graphs YANKS MOVE UP UNDER TANK COVER ON OKINAWAAn American tank suits flame at a Jap positionon Okinawa as marines drive forward behindlt The f lamethrow an umino ujive uBiuna it me iiametnrow support the foot soldier constantly and have been found necessaryand effec corps Cnemy 10led UP Sn many thc cavcs on the Official marine HOOVER AND TRUMAN CONFER Problem of European Relief Is Topic Washington UR President Truman conferred for 45 minutes with former Republican President Herbert Hoover Monday and it was announced that 2 former GOP presidential candidates Alf M Landon and Gov Thomas E DeweyValsb liave been invited to the vfhitehousex1 Mr Hoover returning to the white house for the first time since he turned it over to the late Pres ident Roosevelt on March 4 1933 discussed with Mr Truman the united nations gigantic problem of feeding tiie liberated peoples of Europe The white house said Landon liwusu actlU JUUI1UUI1 m and Dewey had been invited to hours ale C on thc but no spe weathPr nJ f dfic toPics for discussion weather prevented flyers from mentioned taking reconnaissance photo Wilson to Introduce New Furlough Bill rnlf pa Overseas service transportation to tools knifing through the enemy their homes and a per diem al RTin65 2 strength lowance will be introduced Mon Kain and mud continued to slow day by Sen George A Wilson R Jerations all alnna fWTf ut vicuiQt vmson K Dipnne Quints Are 11 Years Old Monday i Callendar Ont Di onne quintuplets celebrated their llth birthday Monday at a family The bill would authorize the nVTi T IT j oil wotim authorize the to a gainS UP VW the trans to a mne and a half portation home and back to mili ponanon nome and back to mili Marines advancing through Naha tary station of furloughed service raachine 3 months aftlflhel return from service overseas party Yvonne Cecile Marie Emilie and Annette got no advance hints of their birthday surprises but a birthday cake was on the program and Papa Oliva Dionne said he hoped they wouldnt have to go to school Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy New Voting Procedure Plan Ready for Approval of San Francisco Conference Yalta formula of for approval Monday by the big 4 The final draft of a statement embracing the latest inte Q TirpnnTfin tirnnlanJ I British Russian and Chinese gations to the united nations con ference It will serve as a reply to a list of 2Z questions submitted by the smaller nations in an effort to determine the exact area in which the bie 4 and the S permanent members of the security apply their vetopower It will be considered at a big 4 meeting Monday There was good prospect for immediate ap proval and ihe statement in all likelihood will be presented Tues day to the little nations which1 have been awaiting the reply since early last week The outlook was good for final solution of the irksome veto question by midweek thus re solving another in the series of First Schools Since Occupation to Open June 4 Bad Neunahr Germany The first schools to be opened in Germany since allied occupation will begin classes at Aachen June 4 Capt Edmund J Gannon for mer member of the New York City board of education said about 700 children from 6 to 10 years old would attend 4 grades but the openingof higher grades awaited SHAEF approval Twentytwo teachers all def initely determined as nonnazis Critical Food ituation in RhineEand latn U S Army HdQ Germany million Germans in the HJiineland face food shortage Bordering on starvation unless he crop situation gets very much better before July Military agricultural experts said Monday that food supplies and stocks virtually have vanished because of the necessity of feed ing thousands of liberated slave laborers and displaced persons They classed the collection dis Levant Monday reportei tribution and provision of the bloody skirmishing between th minimum food required for civFrencn and natives at Horns ani iiians as the first critical problem in occupied Germany Much of the Rhineland is being tilled right now but the spring planting was late because of the war There also is a shortage of fertilizer which probably will mean belowaverage production To prevent mass starvation and possible food riots the food office of the Rhine province military district has established food ra tioning Starting Monday every German will be allowed a maxi mum of 1150 calories about onethird the average diet ot American soldiers or one fourth that of American civilians Heavy laborers will get a maxi mum of 2800 calories Under the new rations a Ger ouiviiis in me series 01 determined crises which have slowed progress have been selected by the conference Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius Jr is scheduled to de liver a worldwide radio address on the progress of the conference at 930 p m CWT Monday night He may be able to an nounce at that time that the big 4 have resolved the veto ques tion His speech will be broad cast nationally and shortnaved to American troops overseas The new interpretation of the Yalta voting formula incorporat ing some lastminute suggestions made at Saturdays big 4 meet ing will emphasize that the for mula itself remains unchanged It reiteratesthat the big 5 must be unanimous in any decisions t r v T involving this use of force to deal I families stated that they were with disputes France wnitiug shipment lo the It will make it clear however r that the veto powei is not ap T at ear iti v tne trench coast awaiting ship mans daily menu might include 8 ounces of biscuit or flour iy ounces of fish or meat one ounce of soup or vegetables ounce fat and Vt ounce of sugar That wont be the diet but that is a sample of 1150 calories worth Allied authorities have taken other steps Hundreds of Ger man prisoners have been freed to go back to work on the land The military government restrictions on the normal movement and transport of food have been ended Hundreds of schoolage children have been recruited to help farm ers pick crops and fight a potato bug menace now threatening the v V It also was disclosedthat 47 000000 pounds of seed potatoes have been distributed to all Rhine province areas in another move to head off the threatened famine GENERAL DECORATED FrankfurtonMain Gen Frank Allen Jr director of public relations at allied head quarters received the legion ot merit award from Gen Dwight D Eisenhower Monday for superior execution of his duties during the European war Liberated Airmen Write They Are Now in France Lts Ray Clough and Don Havrer Expect to Be in the States Soon News of the liberation of more Mason City prisoners ot war that has long been awaited here came over the weekend to the Hay F Clough and Donald Harrer homes Letters received by their plicable in cases where a nation is seeking to bring a complaint before the security council The idea behind this is to assure little nations that the veto power will not be used to block efforts of any of them tobring an issue be fore the council On the other hand the interpretation will up hold the use of the veto preroga tivein cases where the council ping orders for the U S Lt Clough had written I hope the wait wont be too long The prob lem of evacuating us exPOWs is really tremendous The army generally nas service records of all personnel but of course have none That is prob lem number 1 Then we must be fed clothed housed deloused ex TRUMANMAYBE CALLED ON TO SETTLE CRISIS French Farces Fire on Natives as Trouble in Middle East Grows London from the Levant Monday reported the Hama with an unspecified num ber of casualties on both sides The tension in Syria and Le banon exploded in violence ac cording to Beyrouth advices co incident with a report in diplo matic quarters here that President Truman might be called upon to mediate the dispute Reports that French troops were withdrawn from Horns Hama and Aleppo to camps on the outskirts were followed by dispatches which said shooting had broken out in the first two towns The combat ants were natives dempnstrating for the full independence of the Levant and unspecified French groups apparently the troops Damascus reports relayed through Beyrouth said telephone lines to both Horns and Hama had been cut and details of the blood shed were lacking The diplomatic correspondent oE the London Daily Telegraph said Mr Trumans aid might be sought to prevent further bloodshed in the crisis which already has in flamed the Arab world The crisis stemmed from Frances reinforcement of her garrisons in Syria and Lebanon in what the governments of the two Arab states denounced as a violation of their independence New developments in the situa tion was reported to have orderedAIhe all men between 16 and GO Cairosaid fire from the French quarter of Aleppo killed six natives and wounded eight others Ankara said all gov ernment buildings have been sandbagged in Damascus capital of Syria 4 French Iroops reportedly were withdrawn from Horns Hama am Aleppo to camps on the outskirts Arab league a union the Arab states of the middleeast will meet June 4 to discuss a joint action in the matter Gen Charles De Gaulle said the question of French reinforcements had been grossly exaggerated and asserted that only three battalions in all had been dispatched to the two coun tries Abdel Rahman Azzam secretary general of the Arab league told newsmen at Cairo that the situa tion steadily was worsening French forces have cut commun ications between large towns in the two countries and have placed troops at entrances to them he said ec far into the niffht But the army i 1s dcJnK a u C3n speed our rc n wrofc LiClonsh With thc Publicity which was orders an investigation of a lmined treated cataloged etc dispute Thus there is drawn a distinc tion between the hearing of a i complaint which is not consid1 ered action I the investigati r which the big 4 does interpret action useless to write a description when I can tell you myself in sev j era weeks However as officers I we received much better treat iment than some ami in addition FORECAST the camps of the Luftwaffe were Mason City Partly cloudy and eencrally better than camps un cool Monday night becoming lr wehrmacht or SS Lt cloudy and warmer followed by showers Tuesday night Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler Monday night Tuesday becom ing cloudy and warmer with showers in the west portion IN MASON CITY LT DONALD G HAKKER Slalag Luft 1 puiim wmcn is not consid1 Iuuuuuy wnicn was action by the council to some POW camps in Ger investigation of a complaint man you may have wondered h the big 4 does interpret as m treatment I think it is Weather Report I 11 GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 60 65 49 52 42 inches 57 Two letters received by Mrs Betty Hakes Harrer on Monday from her husband Lt Harrer followed a telegram that came from the war department on Sun day stating that he had been re turned to military control In the letters to Mrs Harrer dated May 15 and 17 Lt Harrer had written that he had been re leased by the Russians on May 1 and had stayed at Earth until May 13 They were then flown in B17s from nearby army camps to France He had speculated that he would be home byjune 5 or 10 Lt Ciough had bfjn a prisoner of the Germans since October 1943 He had recently been moved Jfrom Stalag Luft 3 to Stalag LT RAT E CLOUGH Stalag Luft 1A Luft 7A at Moosburg near Mu nich Lh Harrer was taken prisoner in February 1944 and was at Stalag Luft No 1 in the Baltic 2 CAUGHT WITH ILLEGAL STAMPS Ration stamps good for between 4000 and 5000 gallons of gasoline were found on Joseph Raymond Cullatta 36 and Frank Lotta 36 both of Chicago when the pair was arrested by Mason City po lice and the Iowa highway patrol one mile east of the Taylor bridge on highway 18 at p m Sat urday Mason City police and the high way patrol were on the lookout for the 2 men after they were reported stealing stamps at Osage and St Ansgar They were wanted in lown Minnesota md Wiscon sin Cullatta and Lolta werent in town more than 15 minutes before they were seized Meanwhile Roy Crispin H04 Adams W at p m re ported thai cas ration stamps worth 950 sallons of gasoline were stolen from his tank wajfon in thc 500 block on N Federal at about p m But Cullatta and Lotta were already in custody Crispins stamps were found with theother loot which included several pack ages of cigarets According to Police Chief Har old E Wolfe thc 2 men made a practice of looting the glove com partments of parked trucks after first determining that the occu pants were not in the vicinity Cullatta and Lotta are being held in the county jail pending trial and investigation by local and state OPA attorneys which were expected to arrive from Des Moines Monday Police Officer Charles Van Horn Sgt Lou Kreiger and Wal ter Hilbert of the highway patrol made the arrests ;