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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY COM THE THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 28 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP 1WO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 198 BYRNES NAMED HOME FRONT CZAR Essen Heavily Raided 23 Planes Lost Eden Italy Wide Open to Air Attack SPEEDY PLANES ASSAULT JENA PLANT CENTER Germans Acknowledge Considerable Damage From Bombs in Essen LONDON great fleet of heavy RAF bombers attacked Essen and other targets in the Ruhr Thursday night u few hours after speedy mosquito bombers had made a daring dusk attack oil important Gorman war industries in Jena the British announced Thursday The air ministry news serv ice said that the attack was the heaviest Essen has suffered this year and that the planes at tacked 10 waves dumping their bombs within 50 minutes in accordance with saturation Icchnic The air ministry said a new wavebombing plan was em ployed with each wave of about equal strength but varying bomb cargoes so that each load caused the greatest possible devastation at successive stages of the attack Well over 1000 tons of ex plosives were cascaded into the Krupp works which was at a standstill for at least a month after three terrific assaultsin March and April the ministry said A returning pilot said the fires to weld themselves into a solid mass over a wide area Twentythree bombers were lost in the Essen attack said the an nouncement which declared the raid was carried out in great strength The number of planes en KaKtd Thursday nisht was re ported only sliRhlly fewer than the total sent on the record raids against Dortmund and Duesscl ttorf The Berlin radio in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press acknowledged considerable dam age in Essen Oilier British planes laid mines merchant ships still i in enemy waters during the night Allies Will Relentlessly Bomb Axis PORTSMOUTH England Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden declared Friday that Germany and ftaly would be bombed until the utter defeat of the nazi and fascist regimes and all they stand tor X He emphasized particularly bat Italy now lies wide open to air attack and that attack will be pressed home by all the means in our power We arc relentlessly determined lo destroy fascism and prosecute the war against Ilaly with all the force we possess so long as Italy fights Hitlers war the foreign secretary declared at a wings for for victory luncheon here Eden said we have not forgot ten it was Mussolini who asked Hitler for the privilege of sharing in the bombing of London It is for the Italian people to decide whether they are to endure this bombardment to he bitter end and when it is to stop he added We shall bomb the fascist and German military machine where over it is to be found We are not prepared lo lend an attentive ear to suggestions from any quarter that bombardment from the air is a weapon that shall be yielded up Least of all arc we impressed by nny belated conversion to this view Some of those who cry oul against bombing were conspicu ously silent whenthe cities o Britain were being bombarded anc destroyed by all the power which the luftwaffe could muster Today it is the turn of Ger many and Italy did not start his busi ness It was Ciotrinf who gloat ed over the destruction of War saw and Rotterdam now is the biler bit and the process will continue until the utter de feat of he nazi and fascist re Rimes and all they stand for Let no one have any illusions about that Turning to sea warfare the for eign secretary said the batik against Uboats continues to b encouraging Our own new construction o mount merchan Essen is the site of the sprawling Krupps munitions works and is 22 miles northeast of Duesseldorf which was blasted by the RAF in a smashing assault Wednesday night Essen became the most heavily bombed city in the world after the last previous raid on April 30 an assault which brought the to tal weight of high explosive and fire bombs dumped on this target lo more than 10000 tons since the start of the war Thursday nights raid was the fiftysixth on the city and was probably lighter than the 2000 toil raid on Dortmund Sunday night and the Tuesday night attack on Ducsseldorf both described as very great strength The offensive was continued by daylight Friday sweeping out at northern France RAF dawn fighters toward shipping losses still are decreasin and sinkings of Uboats still ar increasing x x x more than that cannot say The battle of Uboats sti rages It is not yet decided but a least we feel better about it tha we have done YANKSCAPTURE NEW RIDGES IN AHU ADVANCES Nipponese Still Hold Out on Number of High Peaks in Isle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United States troops havecap tured new ridge positions on Altu island overlooking Chichngof har bor and with ilie assistance of bomber and fishier planes appar ently arc breaking the last Japa nese resistance on this Aleutian outpost u navy communique in dicated Friday Some authorities said the fight ing might even end this weekend but Ihe communique pointed out the Japanese were still holding out on M number of high peaks in Hie vicinity of FishHook ridge southwest of Chichagof harbor and that fighting was continuins Part of FishHook ridge was cap lured by American troops Wed nesday the communiciuc said JAMES F BYRNES Mobilization Hcati OiV pictures are among the batch of photos released by the U S navy showing the U S landing on Attu island in the western Aleutians whereJap resistance now is crumbling fast At the top is a Japanese plane victim of army air corps marksmanship Below a U S landing party on Massacre beach returns the fire of Jap snipers in the hills Official U S navy photos At Jena the speedy mosqui toes struck chiefly at the Carl Zeiss instrument factory and the Schott glass works First re Borts said both were sharply damaged The works are rtled as the most important of their kind in Germany y if Darling out 500 miles from their British bases two formations of the mosquitoes reached Jena just before dark and swooped down through a balloon barrage to 200 feet to make the attack despite intense opposition from ground guns Throe bombers were lost Britain itself passed the night without a single assault The raid involving a round trip of more than 1000 miles was one of the longest ever made by the mpsquitos Meanwhile award of the Vic toria Cross to Acting Wing Com mander Guy P Gibson 26 year old leader of the raid on the Aloehne and Eder dams in Ger manys Ruhr valley the night of May 1G made him the RAFs most decorated man of the war On six the daring pilot has emerged safely from corners when his craft was shot up by flak but he says he never has seen an ene my night fighter Kilday Bill Practically Killed in Committee WASHINGTON IP The sen ate military affairs committee Fri day practically killed the Kilday bill which would have put selec tive service quotas on a statewide basis established induction cate gories with fathers last and set aside Manpower Director McNutts workqrfight order Without a dissenting vole the committee agreed to lay the bill on the ta ble Sales Up 28 Per Cent INCREASE TOPS CITIES OF IOWA Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Friday afternoon and Friday night showers beginning Saturday forenoon IOWA Few scattered light show ers northwest portion late Fri day night scattered light show ers over most of state Saturday forenoon warmer east and north central portions Friday night continued warm Satur day forenoon MINNESOTA Slightly warmer cast portion Friday night cooler west and extreme north portion Saturday forenoon widely scat tered light showers Friday night and Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 66 Minimum Thursday night 47 At 8 a m Friday 55 At 2 p m Friday 85 YFAR AGO Maximum 74 i Minimum 54 U S Survey Compares April with 42 Figure Independent retailers in Mason City reported April sales were 28 per cent higher than in the same month of 1942 the bureau of cen sus at Washington D C re ported Friday In making this record Mason City was at the top of the list of larger Jpwa communities in Ihe registration of business gains Sales for the entire state on the basis of returns from the inde pendent dealers showed an aver age gain of 9 per cent above April 1942 and a 6 per cent increase over Maiijh of tins year Sales for the first four months of 1943 were 4 per cent over the corresponding period a year ago The gains in other Iowa cities Waterloo 27 per cent Des Moines 25 Sioux City 23 Cedar Rapids 21 and Dubuque 9 The report for Davenport showed a decline of 7 per cent The figures were based the bu reau said on reports of 838 deal ers representing most lines of business except department stores Sixteen department stores in the state reported sales in April were 28 per cent higiier than in April 1942 and 5 per cent over March For the first four months sales of such stores were 23 per cen over the like period ot 1942 THIRD DIES IN CRASH OMAHA death loll o a highway crash on the edge o Omaha Tuesday night rose to three with the death in a hospital here of Beth Shattuck 20 Oma ha Assembly avors Union With Southern Organization DETROIT t3 A plan to re mite tile two American brandies if the Presbyterian church was pproved Friday by the 15511 cneral assembly of the Presby terian church in the United States of America as worthy of study y all ministers A similar recommendation is ex pected to be presented lo the as sembly of the other branch the Presbyterian church of the United States now in session at Montreal N Car Negotiations lave been conducted for more than a year to unite the two jroups separated since the Civil ivar The reunion plan presented to the commissioners by a de partment of church cooperation and union headed by Dr Ralph Waldo Lloyd president of Mary villc college Maryvillc Tcnn The assembly named Dr Will iam L Young president of Park college Parkville Mo as a fra ternal delegate to the southern conferetice Dr John M Alexan der of Fayetteville N Car repre senting the southern group ad dressed the Detroit assembly Thursday Dean Kay Critically 111 at SUI Hospital IOWA CITY Emeri tus George F Kay of the State University of Iowa college of Lib eral Arts 69 is critically ill in the University General hospital He headed the department of geolo gy for 27 years Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FLOOD WATERS ARE RECEDING Farmers Hope lo Slart Food Production Soon By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The mighty Mississippi river and some of ils flooded tributar ies were receding at several critical points Friday while thou sands of farmers in inundated areas hoped to be able to start their belated wartime food pro duction soon Army engineers estimated however some of the land would not be tillable for another month Even as it receded from flood devastated areas the Mississippi approached a record crest at Cape Girardcau Mo of 425 feel Dikes lo the south were expected to be able to hold the torrent The Illinois and Arkansas riv ers also were dropping and Col U B Feagin of the United Slates army engineers at St Louis said he did not expect Ihe Mississippi to get oul of hand below Cairo 111 The Ohio river in past years an equally dangerous partner in flood destruction was below bankfull However Colonel Feagin warned that while the Mississippi was receding above Cape Girar deau the danger there was not past The remaining levees he said were saturated and a sudden washout could pvil thousands of additional acres under water The crest of the Arkansas was moving on from Little Rock to Pine Bluff Ark after inundating 50 blocks of the former city Be low Pine Bluff the stream is flanked by huge levees that the YANKS MAKE PLANE ATTACK OX LAE The report of progress on Attii coincided with a communique from allied headquarters in the southwest Pacific telling of sharp bombing attack on the Japanese garrison at Lac Guinea about 20 miles above an other Japanese position at Sala maua The convoy of 22 Japanese ships I destroyed by Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs bombers in March was headed for Lae und the port has been closely watched and har assed by allied bombers They poured 28 tons of bombs on the airdrome hangars and other in slallatiqiiK ot the base Thursday the communique said Bcavifight ers had first turned 12000 rounds of ammunition on the Japanese positions One lire started at Lac was visible for 70 miles and the fact that not a single Japanese plane look to the air indicated that MacArtlmr has succeeded in holding the base to u minimum of effectiveness by his harassing tactics Allied ground troops arc less than 15 miles from Salamaua PLANES SUPPORT U S TROOPS IN ATTU FIGHT The navy communique cover ing operations for Wednesday said liol U S troops were at tacking enemy positions on the American flank south of Lake Corics with bombers and fight ers supporting the ground opera tions The communique told of hard hand to hand fighting over rugged terrain More air attacks on the Japanese base at Kiska to the east were reported CHINESE BOMBERS HIT BASE USED BY JAPS Chinese bombers escorted bj fighters Friday bombed Ichang Yangtze river port and base foi the latest Japanese drive ii llupeli province the Chinese cen tral iteivs agency said The report said there was much damage to military inslal Uitioos and all the attacking planes returned safely Report Duce and Chiefs to Fight to End on Isles LONDON Premier Mus solini mot secretly Thursday will his fascist party chieftains anc decided to continue resistance ii Sicily and Sardinia lo the end the Morocco radio said Friday it a broadens recorded by the As sociated Press All fortifications on both step ing stones to the Italian main and will Vie strengthened imme liatciy antiaircraft batteries wil e increased and Sicilys bamb attered airports will be cniargcc under decisions of the facis leaders according to the broad cast The Morocco radio has not ul ways been accurate in its presen tation fit the news of the Medi ternmoan theater and this accom was not confirmed in other quar ters but with the threat of inva sion growing some such arrange ments were due to be made by Mussolini The report by Kalian dispatches thai allied rampboats or invasion barges had been attacked by axis ivarplancs in the Bizerte and Sousse harbors underlined the ur gency of defense measures Reports from neutral centers lokl of heightened perturbation among the Italians A Tass dispute dalcliiKKl Bern aicl all Rome courts had been transferred to Florence a move which had been predicted for Mussolinis government The sov iet agency also said all universi ties in the southern provinces had been closed and Ihe students withdrawn to northern Italy The Free French news agency said in a dispatch from Ankara that several Hungarian including armored xmits had ar rived in Bulgaria presumably cn route to Greece The Cairo radio said Inrge air maneuvers were held recently in the Alhcns area SUPER BOARD IS SET UP 10 RULE OTHER GROUPS 6 Man War Mobilization Board Given Vast Powers by Roosevelt WASHINGTON sixmail var mobilization board with vast owcrs over the nations war ef ort on the home front was set up riday by President Roosevelt lames V Byrnes was named to cad the new lius became the czar of czars in his war capital if if The boards duty President Hoosevelt said is lo keep both our military machine and our sentml civilian economy run itmz in team and at high speed As I see it Byrnes told a press it should save the of many burdens His imc must necessarily be devoted o the conduct of the war and con ference with the staffs concerned vith the military progrem This order provides a place where all he various government organiza ions and agencies can go to settle things around Ihe conference table Byrnes agreed that he vvould lave full responsibility over the home front and he made it plain too that Ihe war mobilization ooUd would be an advisory body that power to take action vested in him as director subject lo the control and direction of the presi dent It will be Byrnes who issues any directives on policy and pro grams A Chinese hish command communique said the Chinese were battling two divisions of Japanese west of Ichanp where on Tuesday and Wednesday lflOO Japanese were reported killed Large quantities of war supplies were reported seized The Chinese also were said lo have recovered several points west of Lihsien 75 miles south east of Ichang The Chinese disclosed that Gen Chen Cheng n brilliant strategist was in command of Chinese forces battling the Japanese Ilupch province in what may be the opening of an drive on Chungking Japanese broadcasts on the fighting around the Yangtze port of Ichang claimed thai the 18th Chinese army was on the verge of extermination and two others the 87th and 97th had been prac tically wiped out Japs Claim U S Warships Sunk By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese propagandists work ing against the nearing deadline ot final defeat on Attu island broadened Friday their claims of destruction and damage inflicted on U S vessels in the battle and declared that night attacks ashore resulted in stategical gains A Tokyo dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio md recorded by Ihe Associated Press said Japan esc submarines and planes had j cnsinccva believed would sunk a battleship two cruisers a be able to hold it destroyer and an unindcnlilied De Gaulle and Giraud Meeting Reported Near LONDON Informed quar ters said Friday that Gen Charles De Gaulle was expected to mee Gen Henri Giraud Friday nigh in Algiers to initiate talks whicl may bring about a union of Frencl elements now fighting the axis This was Ihe first indicatioi that Gen De Gaulle already hac left London for North Africa al though dispatches from Algier Thursday intimated that a meet ing between the two French lead crs would lake place very soon 2 Americans Discover Peaks in New Guinea SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUI NEA May 27 Two American air corps officer were credited with the discover of two mountains in imexplore areas of the Owen Stanley range They are Capt J J Graves o Rice Lake Wis and Lamonl N Rennets of Dayton Ohio Hence forth maps of New Guinea wi show the peaks as Mount Grave and Mount Rennels Buy Savings Bonds an Stamps from your GIobeGazctt carrier hoy warship and seriously damage two other naval vessels since Sun day These claims were without coi firmation The dispatch did not go into In geography of the reported stra tcgical gains by the garrisons ren nanls Specifically the hoard is di rected to unify activities of fed eral asenoies and departments engaged in or concernedwith production procurement dis tribution transportation of nilitary or civilian supplies ma crials and products and to re Dive and determine controver ics between such aRcncics or icpartmenls 3 While Byrnes former senator ul supreme court justice oat in general terms the extent his authority he also cmpha zcd that he did not intend lo ccome loo much involved in de ls and squabbles that could be elsewhere He told the press conference s new authority is completely jffcrent from that which he lield s economic stabilization director nd that the latter office would ontimie to handle any contro crsics that arise between OPA nd the food administration re arding food prices and also any isagrcements between OPA and ic war labor board as to wheth i wage increase would affect rices f Kill on all Rencral matters of ilctcrinimiiK policies and pro grams for production procure ment distribution or trans portation of military or civilian supplies Byrnes indicated he would have the final say suh of course lo the control of the president On matters involving oil he aid Secretary Ickcs would he nought in tor example in his apacity of petroleum coordina or In matters aEtccting labor he said conferences would be held vith Labor Secretary Perkins i ml probably Chairman William 1 Davis of the war labor board Asked whether food was out side his jurisdiction Byrnes re If its in the government its n the war mobilization picture To any inquiry as to whether lie would have final authority on production lie cited the lan guage of Hie order setting up his office and said he would have de termination over questions of jroduclion programs under con trol and direction of the presi dent with the element present of conferences xvith the war mobilization committee and other government officials concerned Byrnes said lie hoped to call the committee together for its initial meeting next week II was announced at the White House that he is planninit lo mako what was described as an important speech on produc tion at his home town of Spar tinburK S Car Monday at 6 P m central war time The war mobilization director asserted that he believed it would be possible in many cases for him to take action without bothering the president but that important matters would be layed before the chief cxccuive lor n final O K Although Byrnes indicated his control over federal war activities ;