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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH TOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS IUIi WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 28 1942 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OK SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION IIIUU Axis Opens Belated Offensive Hitler Launches Libyan Drive Tries to Get Control of French Fleet Diplomatic sources in London saw signs of an axis land and naval move in the Medi terranean citing the following developments 1 German efforts to get control of French ships at Toulon and Bizerte 2 Italian demands for Nice Corsica and Tunisia and massing of Italian troops on the French border 3 increased movement of Italian convoys to Africa 4 new axis drive in Libya 5 presence of strongItalian forces in Lrieece and the Dodecanese islands and training of German parachutists in Crete Says Raid on U S Inevitable BELIEVE JAPS WILL ATTEMPT REVENGE BLOW John L Lewis Ousts Murray From UMW Vice Presidency Stimson Says Enemy to Seek Vengeance for Dqolittle Attack WASHINGTON Stimson said Thursday the war de partment considered a Japanese air raid on the United States to be inevitable as a return blow for Brigadier General James H Doo Uttles attack on Tokio and other Japanese cities The secretary told his press conference the army was doing everything possible to meet the expected attack which he in dicated was anticipated on the west coast Whatever happens we shant relax our most effective our preparations for a major of fensive he said Stimson also told a questioner that despite the great distance the east coast lies from Japan an at tack on the national capital was not inconceivable He did not discuss the possibility ot attacks by Japans axis partners The loss of face Japan suf fered from the army air attack led by General Doolittle made a vengeance blow inevitable Stim son contended The United States through General Doolittle inflicted a sting ing humiliating surprise blow on the Japanese as evidenced by their boasting of Japans invulnerability at the very time the bombers came over the secretary said To anyone who knows orien tal psychology it is clear that attack has meant a most serious of face which by oriental psychology can only be wiped out by a return greater blow U possible That situation is or paramount interest to us set our house in order for what seems in evitable We are fully alert to lm almost inevitable sequence of the Tokio raid and are doing every thing we can to prepare for such a return blow Stimson noted that both he and General George C Marshall army chief of staff had warned that with our extensive coast line there is no such thing as a perfect defense against raids RedHaired Bandit Who Held Up Candy Store Is Hunted DES MO INKS Thursday sought a redhaired bandit who reportedly held up a candy store in the downtown dis trict here Wednesday night tak ing between S25 and S30 and leav ing a young woman attendant bound and gagged President Declares CIO Heads Position Vacant Lewis Thursday ousted Philip Murray president of the CIO from his 518000 a year job as vice president of the United Mine Workers s Lewis president of the min ers declared the vice presidency vacant and was upheld by he UMW executive board by a vote of 17 to 1 Lewis then named John OLeary Pittsburgh to Murrays place A UMW spokesman explained that under the unions constitu tion Murray in effect vacated his office when he accepted the sal aried leadership of the Steel Workers union Martin Warner representing district 50 of the UMW cast the lone vote against ousting Mur ray The union spokesman empha sized that the ouster action did not result from any charge against Murray He said Lewis interpreted the constitution to mean that Murray had relinquished his post in all except name when he ac cepted the paying leadership of the steel workers District 50 of the UMWA pre sented a resolution before the unions policy committee Wed nesday accusing the CIO leader ship of sabotage and treason to labor Murray angrily denounced the resolution as indecent and walked out ot the meeting The CIO head did not attend Thursdays session The miners spokesman said the aclion ousting Murray was the only possible course open to Lewis or the executive committee and added that the action transcended any personal relationship or long association Lewis and Murray have been associated in the miners union for almost 20 years Lewis first president of the CIO and his for mer close friend have not been on friendly terms of late however and recently there have been re ports that Lewis intended to take the powerful UMWA out of the Murray has the right to appeal the ouster action to the UMW convention in Atlantic City next October The UMW constitution grants the president authority to suspend or remove any international offi cer or employe for insubordina tion or just and sufficient cause PHILIP IUURRAY Sign Crew of 65 Men for Work in Alaska IOWA CITY W R Horrabin contracting company has signed up a crew of 65 men to leave here next month for Alaska to work on the Alaskan road proj ect Subs Hit Jap Heavy Cruiser IS FREED OF MURDER COUNT KANSAS CITY Welsh Jr was freed Thursday o a first degree murder charg brought against him by the stat in the brutal hammer and butch E slaying of his pretty 24 year ol sister Leila March 9 1D41 The charge was dismissed b J J Dougherty justice of peace County Prosecutor Michael W OHern asked that the dcfcndan be held 20 minutes to give hir time to file a new action OHer did not disclose the nture of th charge he had in mind Three grand juries have invest gated the case since the forme University of Kansas City beaut queens muUilatcd body was foun in her bed by her mother Mrs Marie Welsh Two juries took no action Th third indicted the 28 year ol brother Its indictment wa quashed on the grounds of illcg conduct by the jurors Immcdi Buy war savings bonds and j tely after that indictment was s stamps from your GlobeGazette aside County Prosecutor Micha earner boy QHem filed a murder charge NO 196 MEXICO AT WAR WITH AXIS GAMACHO SAYS Nazis Hunt Assailants of Heydrich LONDON author ities subjected all Bohemia and Moravia to a finetooth combing Thursday in a hunt for the as sailants of Rcinhard Heydrich No 2 man of the nazi gestapo and ordered every male over lo in the protectorate to register with police by midnight Friday Czech sources in London ex pressed the belief that hun dreds must already have been arrested in mass roundups started Wednesday immediate ly after Ileyilrich was wounded in a Prague suburb The decree ordering all males lo register with the police was broadcast by the Prague radio It said German soldiers would shoot on the spot any man found with otlt a registration card after midnight deadline the AXIS ARMORED UNITS TURNED BACK IN LIBYA British Repulse Enemy After Rommel Strikes 15 Miles From Tobmk By EDWARD KENNEDY CAIRO Egypt sudden ixis offensive eastward in the jibyan desert has driven within 5 miles of the key British defen ive stronghold Tobruk despite eing repulsed at both flanks it vas disclosed Thursday An RAF communique dis closed the depth of these thrusts by marshal Erwin Rommels GermanItalian tanks It said the British flyers bombed the enemy armored forces through out Wednesday in the El Adein and Bir Hacheim areas El Adcm is 15 miles south of Tobruk Bur Hacheim 50 miles southeast An earlier British army com munique said that the axis at tacks were in four main columns and that one directly before Bir Hacheim and another south of Ain El which is 30 miles repulsed with Between these extremities two other axis columns were being heavily engaged with re sults as yet undetermined the army communique said The RAP announcement placed these forces even deeper than the army had intimated but said the allday bombings had wrecked many transport vehicles The RAF planes also ranged widely in smashing attacks on airdromes and bases behind the enemy lines and in fighting off axis air attacks shot down 12 enemy planes while losing four The main GermanItalian thrusl apparently wcs aiming directly toward Tobruk which the British have held against all vicissitudes since their first offensive into Libya in the winter of 191041 real offensive can be mounted in the desert unless the attacking force holds both Ben gasi and Tobruk said an in formed source in London The battles which began with the sudden axis advance lati Tuesday night were being tough UvEyCu m uenmnu mignr out over a wide area as the tanks make an example of the Czechs on both sides ranged the desert wastes like warships at sea Overhead the RAF intercepted axis air raids on British ground forces and continuously attacked enemy transport London quarters notingno mention of infantry predicted that Rommel soon would be forced to use all his armored forces if he has not already done so These include one Ital ian and three German divisions He also has four Italian motor ized infantry divisions As the axis offensive began oddly with the approach of the desert hot season the reaction of British soldiers manning the tanks and gun emplacements was let em come7 Since it is the destruction of ths enemys armored equipment rather than the winning of ground that counts in this desert warfare the result may surprise the axis chief tains they said The history of the Libyan campaign thus far has been a story of jfive and take The first great offensive was launched in September 1340 when the Ital ians marched to Sidi Barrani 70 miles inside the Egyptian fron tier and halted there to map plans for conquering the Nile valley Three months later Gen Sir Archibald P Wavell then com mander of Britains North African forces unleased a push which knocked the Italians out of Egypt virtually destroyed their Libyan army and wound up with the Brit ish entering Bengasi on Feb 7 1341 f This drive covering 500 mile The Evening Star declared Thursday that Heinrich Himmler chief of the gestapo had flown to Prague to take personal charge of the situation The German controlled Prague radio in a broadcast heard here asserted that one of two assassins had thrown a bomb at the car in which Hey drich was riding while the sec Jjnfl openedfire with an auto matic rifle One man the radio said ran away while the second escaped on a bicycle The Radio said the two men had waited for several hours foi Heydrichs car to pass A Swiss telegraphic agency dispatch from Prague reported Heydrich was severely in jured but gave no details A similar report was broadcast by the Vichy radio Wednesday night A Czech government spokes man estimating that the Ger mans had 15000 Czechs in con centration camps in the protec torate expressed fears that the would be used as hostages as in Prance Representatives of other exiled governments here suggested tha the shooting of Heydrich who bore the misleading title of reiclvs protector of Bohemia and Moravia might touch off a wave of attempts against the lives of German bosses in other subju gated countries For that reason alone it was believed the Germans mi 2 OTHER SHIPS SUNK BY YANKS IN PACIFIC AREA Raises Announced U S Sub Bag to 44 Jap Ships Sunk WASHINGTON navy announced Thursday that U S submarines in the western Pacific have sunk two Japanese ships probably sunk a third and dam aged a fourth the latter a heavy cruiser The latest report on American undersea activities was given out in a navy communique No 82 based on reports up to J p m Thursday which said Far east Information lias been re ceived that U S submarines operating in the far cast have sunk or damaged enemy ships as shown below One large auxiliary ship sunk One mediumsized cargo ship sunk One mediumsized cargo ship severely damaged and prob ably sunk One heavy cruiser dam aged by torpedo hits 2 These actions have not been announced previous navy department communique and are not related to the engagement in the Coral sea which was fought earlier this month 3 There is nothing lo report from other areas These submarine actions naval officials said were presumed not to duplicate in any part a record issued at allied headquarters in Australia several days ago in which several successful attacks by American undersea craft were disclosed Thursdays navy announcement raised the announced American submarine bag of Japanese ships to 44 vessels sunk 13 probably sunk and 12 damaged was accomplished in 35 days The HEINIUCH HIMMLER Assassins British held their gains only a short time however for Rommels Afrika Korps came to the Italians rescue and drove the British back to the Egyptian frontier in a whirlwind 18day assault The fourth offensive began last November when the British swept through again to Bengasi only to be pushed back to their present line by Rommels reinforced arm es The current action finds the int uijtiii acnon iinas tne six or seven Aletnodi British bolstered by the presence churches in the Ottumwa distri o American mechanics behind the lines assembling newlyarrived planes and tanks which are ex pected to play a major role No United States troops are in the battle howcvrr R A F ATTACKS MESSINA AGAIN Axis Planes Strike Vigorously at British Troops in North Africa ROME From Italian Broad Sicilian city of Messina was bombed Wednesday night the second in succession and axis planes struck vigorously at British troop concentrations in North Africa the Italian high command said Thursday British soldiers and their mo torized equipment suffered heavy losses under aerial pounding Wed nesday and 13 of their planes were shot down in air lights the Enemy Subs Attack U S S Blakely Again ST LUICIA British West In dies Delayed United States destroyer Blakely reached port here Thursday night after coming safely through an attack by a wolf pack of axis submarines which precipitated a naval battle The Blakeley crippled by a torpedo in a first submarine at tack off Martinique Monday was making the 20mile run from Fort De France where he put in Monday to this is land under her own power when the enemy attacked The detailed outcome of this battle other than the Blakeleys escape has not been disclosed It was indicated however that one or more German submarines had been destroyed by United Etates planes but whether in this encounter or in earlier operations ollowing HID first attack of the Blakeley was not made clear Naval authorities have been aware that a submarine pack was operating in this area hence the multiple attack on the Blakeley was no surprise This made it impossible to iden fy any submarine destroyed as he one which made the first al ack Monday when a torpedo aunched from within French ter itorial waters off Martinique rippled the destroyer on regu ar patrol duty oft the Frenchis The Blakeley is known to tiavo suffered loss of six men killed and 12 wounded but the dispatch did lot make clear whether in Mon days attack or the second one BRAZILIANS HELP SINK AXIS SUB RIO DE JANEIRO high Brazilian source said Wednesday hat one of the axis submarines destroyed oft the Bra zilian coast was attacked and sunk y a Brazilian plane piloted by a Brazilian crew It was said that two North American flyers Lieut Harry Schwane and Sergeant J G Yates first sighted and attacked the sub marine off the northeast coast on the afternoon of May 23 at the same time calling for assistance rom landbased Brazilian air force planes The Brazilian planes arriving shortly joined the attack and one high command reported Tobruk and airdromes and railway installations in the ene mys rear lines were also attacked with confirmed it said There was no mention of land action such as the British have re ported under way in Eastern Lib ya since Tuesday night British planes following up an attack Tuesday night which killed seven persons and wounded 26 damaged several houses in Mes sina in an assault by many waves the high command said It re ported that there were no civilian casualties In the neighborhood of Catania and Syracuse also in Sicily bombs were also dropped bu these caused no loss ot life or im portant damages it was de clared Five of the raiders were re ported shot down MAY CLOSE CHURCHES OTTUMWA W Frank Lister district superinten dent said a survey is being made to determine advisability clos ing six or seven Methodis of he lowaDes Moines confer Buy war savings bonds stamps from your GloheGazc carrier boy tie ASKS CONGRESS TO BACK MOVE APPROVAL SEEN Joins United Nations With Declaration of Existing State of War MEXICO CITY Manuel Avila Camacho declared Thursday that Mexico was in a slate of war with the axis powers and tailed upon congress to ap prove a formal declaration against Germany Japan and Italy Addressing a cheering con gress that indicated it would give quick approval to the deci sions already made by the president and cabinet Camacho said congress could approve or reject the decision but be urged the fullest approval The doclaration of war implies hat he who makes it does so of iis own free will Camacho cx lained in reference to the cabi nets decision on n state of war on tlay 22nd Mexico would depart from her tradition as a peaceful country if she went to war ex cept due to the violence of aj ffression The slate in uhich the nation will find itself if you approve my initiative does not mean that Mexico will bring herself to any unjust persecu tion The defense of the father land is compatible with the tra dition oC Mexican ceneroglly and leniency cThe president behind which hung two huge flags draped together like the wings of an eagle Below the dais was a special military guard standing rigidly at and holding flags of San Luis and San Bias com memorating the war of 1847 and he battle against the French in 1862 the of them sank the raider Brazilian informants said Brazil is not at war with Ger many and Italy although slie has broken diplomatic relations with the axis CHINESE DENY TOKIOS CLAIM By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Chinese headquarters late Thursday denied an official Tokio claim that Japanese troops cli maxing a 200mile advance in 10 days had captured Chinas gold flower city of Kinhwa capita of the eastern seaboard provinci of Chekiang The Chinese command an nounced that the city still was in Chinese hands after heavily re inforced Japanese attacks had been driven off Heavy losses on both sides wix acknowledged as the fightin raged around the walls of Kinhwa chief target of the Japanese swcej down the coast below Shanghai Even 10003 Japanese rein forcements including cavalry in fantry and artillery failed ti subdue the Chinese defenders Chungking dispatches said Weather Report FORECAST MASON Thurs day afternoon and Thursda night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Wednesday 74 Minimum in Night 54 At 8 a m Thursday 7t Precipitation 45 YEAR AGO Maximum R2 Minimum 62 Precipitation 27 Harry Bridges Deportation Is Ordered WASHINGTON Attorney Jcnerat Francis Bicldle Thursday ordered immediate deportation of Harry Renton Bridges Australian born west coast CIO leader be cause of communist affiliation Bifldle ruled that Bridges had been affiliated with the com munist party in the United States and that the party had advocated overthrowing this covcrnmcnt by force and vio lence While a U S citizen legally may belong to the communist party it is a deplorable offense for an alien such as Bridges to belong to any organization advo cating forceful overthrow of the government Biddles order upheld a finding by Judge Charles B Sears special examiner that Bridges was de portable It overruled a later de cision by the immigration appeals board that the evidence failed to establish he had been a communist or a member of the communist dominated Marine Workers In dustrial union AXIS CLAIM TORPEDOED RECIFE Brazil IP The ar rival of the Argentine steamer Rio Iguazu Thursday with 52 survivors of the torpedoed British ship Barrdale knocked one of the principal props from under the weekold Italian claim to have torpedoed and sunk a United States battleship of the Maryland class The Rome radio for several days had been broadcasting state ments that the survivors picked up by the Rio Iguazu were from the United States battleship It was disclosed here that the Bandale attacked May 17 150 miles off Martinique sank within four minutes after a torpedo ex ploded in her engine room The crew was picked up from two lifeboats the next day Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;