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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 28, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H ARC 0l C R HIST A r DEPT OF 10AA COMP 0 S M 0 I H E S I A HOME EDITION VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED WWKS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY2p94T MASON CITY THl 1RIGHT SPOT THIS PAPEtl CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SKCTJON ONE EMERGENCY UNLIMITEDF R Pits Power NO Are Americans War Cutting Deeply Into Coffee Trade EDITORS This auullier of series at articles urilleu by IV Kill aiason Ciiy GlotieGazclle minarint editor in the course ot lour tSroujh Soalh America one of pirty ot n futsls or the Latfotvmeat for fnCercatonal Peace Number 68 By IV EARL HALL GUATAPARA I seriously a world economy upset by war is affecting this coffee growing nation was impressed upon me today when with the other members of our Carnegie group I spent some six hours on one of Brazils greatest coffee plantations called Fazenda Guata para guest of its two principal proprietors Antonio Atvcs dc Lima president and Cassio Predo son of the man who established the enterprise in 1380 Our journey inland from Sao Paulo was by first 200 miles by electrification and the last 50 behiud it woodburn iiuj locomotive made available especially for us On arrival a I Guatapara station we were met by a fiect of cars from the plan tation and taken to a magnificent suest house our headquarters for the day High points of the day have been a forenoon tour of a 24000 acre cottee tield a noon dip in an ele gant private swimming pool a midday meal of banquet propor j tions an afternoon visit to the j plantation settlement where work I lersiand ytbeir 3000 in ties tor the coffee crop and final ly a view of the plantations excursion into the realm of diver sified farming Once Fazenda Guatapara had an annual production of 30000 bags of coffee Now under the staggcr ing impact of war the normal an nual production is down to 12500 bags 132 pounds The total of coffee trees theyre really i shrubs about 10 feet been cut from 1800000 to 1000000 and the end isnt yet Germans Seize Canea Nazi Effort to Control Seas HALFAYA PASS Plea IN PPVDT un fl Glven by Mrs IN tliYPI HELD Steadman BY AXIS FORCES British Report Forces Have Withdrawn From Capital of Crete By THE ASSOCIATE PRESS German sky troops have seized Canea the capital of Crete and smashed allied resistance in the S day old struggle the nazi high command declared Wednes day while iuftwaffe divebombers frustrated a British attempt to escape by sea V V V British middle cast headquar ters acknouledged that British troops defending Canea have been obliged to make A further withdrawal to a more favorable position in the rear U Nature this year look a haiifl too in the reduction plan For seven months in this area with a normal rainfall of 60 about twice the Iowa scarcely a drop fell This includ ed the entire growing season i The result on this plantation was a drop from the anticipated 12 500 hags to a scant 2500 one fifth of a crop For all of Brazil he harvest soon to be started is expected to be threefourtlis of normal Confronted with a curtailed world demand for coffee Brazil ians have pursued a perfectly un derstandable course They have iversified their farming They ave entered new prn rice fruit etc But more jbout this in a later letter This j hue well confine ourselves to jffee i Soil theres none bct in of a deep ved hue ith a touch of purple U rescm es the soil of Georgia The red from a high content of iron lough ideal for coffee and other c crops agriculturists in our rty are doubtful whether it will md up long under intensive ce ll fanning without heavy use of rates Heavy rain and high tem have caused pronounced rdation Coffee shrubs many of them I years old arc planted in raight rows and spaced about I feet apart The berries rc blingr cranberries in color id size grow in clusters on lort stems off the main branch Harvesting is entirely by md and H takes about 80 trees produce one 132 pound sack of iffcc we drove tin ought the un ling miles of improvised high y on the 37000 acre plantation j were impressed by the drainage 3 erosion control measures fere has been extensive resort to Ktour plowing and an ingenious tem of shallow ditches con jves moisture to a maximum water from the roads is jbred off into the fields a real sense this plantation a community unto itself with own ools narrow gauge railway iveation club movie commis Jaes power plant sewage and ei systems sawmill etc The fulation of about 3000 appears I Severe lighting continues the British communique said A scries of other swiftbreaking developments paced the British setback on Crete These included 1 Capture of Halfaya Hell pass in Egypt by axis troops now striking with renewed fury toward the Suez canal 2 Britain and her old ally France have met in open combat for the first clash between RAF and French warplancs over Syria 3 Germany and Italy granted France permission to build up a continental air force for defense ot counter be c up ied France it C hi ef State Philippe Pelain continues his ac tivecooperation with the reich V In the critical battle of Crete Hitlers hiffli command asserted that allied resistance 011 the 1GO mile long isle was crushed with British and Greek defenders suf fering heavy losses as they re treated Nazi mountain troops supported by waves of machinegunning and bombing attack planes were said to be pursuing the British across the island The communique said dive bombing Stukas had thwarted a British attempt to retreat by sea with the destruction of four ships otaliny 5400 tons and the damag ing of two others in Suda bay site of a big British naval base In the middle east French war plancs were reported to have at tacked British planes for the first time over the RAF has been bombing airports assert edly used by German bombers enroute to Iraq n French dispatches from Beirut Kvan IJpniPn Rpfrial said British and French air IXCUiai rons clashed when the British r T l l started attacking the airdrome at iNcirab and an RAF Glenn Mar tin bomber was shot down with all members of its threeman crew killed On the North African fronl Hitlers hipli command said axis troops hail recaptured Halfuya Hellfire pass southeast of Salum Egypt and inflicted se vere anil bluodv losses on tlic British BOSTON W trial of Mrs Ruth Steadman 26 for the strangling of her married lover Robert Emery 26 ended abrupt ly Wednesday when she pleaded guilty to manslaughter She was immediately sentenced by Judge Vincent Brogna to serve 15 years in the womans reform atory at Sherboni The attractive young former Pittsburgh matron mother a year old girl had pleaded inno cent at the outset of her trial to a charge of murder in the first de gree the penalty for which is death in the electric chair She had taken the stand only late Tuesday to tell of her asso ciations with Emery father of two children who was found strangled in her apartment last Jan 21 The state had contended she killed Emery so no other woman could have him The defense in outlining the case indicated it would show Emery died in a sui cide pact Bife Bismarck1 BUENOS AIRES Aires restaurant served Bife Bis nesday in honor of the British navy s victory over the prize Ger man battleship Special menus were printed so that the new dish might be included SIRS RUXII STEADMAN guilty pica n U f T ihf r LDCl The British have previously con ceded the fall of Salum in the ig 5 desert fighting which has seen the outpost change hands a half dozen times about evenly divided bc Brazilians of Portuguese to be stock and Negroes The elimina tion of color line however ex tends in a rather wholesale inter marriage The autumn temperature here in inland Brazil is about the same as late August or early September m the middle west Light frosts occur now and then in June July or August and about once every 25 years there is a ripsnorting is just too bad for coffee and other subtropical vegetation DES MOINES fPi District Judge Frank S Shankland over ruled lie motion of Lclian T Kyan DCS Muincs attorney for a retrial of Lehans StiOOOO libel damage suit against Gov George A Wil son Judge Shankland directed a jury verdict in favor oE the gover LIST AXIS SHIP LOSSES AS 561 British Say 2873000 Tons Surik Captured or Scuttled During War LONDON hundred and sixtjone axis ships totaling 2873000 tons have been sunk captured of scuttled since the war began up lo the middle ot May it was learned officially Wednesday The Germans lost 346 ships to taling 1773000 tons of which 61 were captured or seized and 285 sunk or scuttled The Italians lost 215 ships to taling 1100000 tons of which i9 were captured or seized and 17G sunk or scuttled An additional 38 ships ot other countries totaling C7000 tons which have been sailing on behalf of Germany have been disposed of by one means or another it was staled The sinkings are continuing of ficials said indicating that the axis ships are still trying to run the British blockade In the week beginning April 23 the British navy claimed 14 Ger man and 19 Italian ships Senate Gets Dill on F R Monetary Powers WASHINGTON suurral by house approval of legislation continuing President Roosevelts emergency montfary powers ad ministration forces Wednesday sought early senate action to keep those powers from lapsing on June 30 The measure which admin istration spokesmen called a neces sary economic weapon in the world emergency passed the house 22R to Ki8 late Tuesday after re peated republican attempls to Efrip it of effectiveness Iowa Man Run Over by Tractor Is Killed IOWA CITY PjCarl Lowe 28 farmer livlne near Solon Jowa was killed when he was accidcntly run over by a tractor driven by Joe Konecny Johnson county Cor oner George D Callahan reported Wednesday Callahan said Low riding on a lender fell beneath a rear wheel when the tractor wont into a ditch Lowe was Konecny how to drive the ma chine British View F R Talk as Last Warning English LONDON UR President Kousovells speech was a final warning Co Hitler that America is ready to fight for the freedom at the seas and lie must choose be tween stopping unrestricted sea warfare or bringing jhe United btates into the war British news papers said Wednesday The presidents speech Ihey said made it plain that his de lernnnatiun to preserve the free dom of the seas in accordance with historic American policy was Hie issue which might brine the United Stales into the war if the Germans accepted the chal lenge Newspapers played up the pres idents speech Is this then a declaration of war asked the Evening Stand ard editorially Berlin can ans wer that question better than America Raeder the German naval chieftain said that partici pation of American patrols in the battle ot the Atlantic could not be distinguished from an act of war He must retract now His col leasucs will soon have to retract still further unless they are pre pared to make the final challenge for the president has made clear Americas resolve io defend her frontiers before the avalanche reacnes and overpowers them In this affirmation to uphold the freedom of the seas mainte nance of all other freedoms are comprised For the president fore tells the story which begins with American resistance and shall end with European revolt His speech is a great charter for men who love peace and freedom wherever they may dwell and suffer For those who fight it is a trumpet ciii l Tile newspapers in the head lines emphasized the presidents dictatorpowers imderjiiserner gency proclamation Editorially however the papers quickly focused attention on the doclrine of he freedom Jlle seas us lhc critical issue gauntlet has been thrown down said Evening News President Roosevelt has served notice on Hitler of the things America will not permit and the things America demands Hitler knows ttiat if he does not stop the flout of arms across the ocean to Britain his doom and his end are certain continued the Evening News but the presi dent calls on him to stop aside Thus plainly Hitler is told that lie interferes with the stream of guns planes and tanks at his peril pen that one shot may set the full force of America in motion against Germany nor after Ryan had presented his evidence recently In denying the new trial the judge said as he did in directing the verdict that the governor was acting in lineof of ficial duty when he made public a report on ati audit of bank re ceiverships on which Ryan based his suit lowan Drowned While Swimming in Cedar VINTON Coniey 23 of Tipton drowned while swimming in the Cedar river two miles east of here Wednesday Coniey who had been doing tiling work in the community went on a picnic Wednesday morning He was considered a good swimmer but it was believed he mav have l I I it it id i c been affected by the extraction of i Minir a tooth Tuesday pcci Weather Report FORECAST MASON scat tered thundershowcrs Wednes day afternoon and Thursday af ternoon continued warm high est afternoon temperatures near IOWA Partly cloudy with a few rather widely scattered thun dcrshowers Thursday and north Wednesday night continued warm MINNESOTA Partly cloudy to cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday an occasional shower probable southeast and extreme south and some light rain or drixzlc northeast not much change in temperature IN iUASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 82 Minimum Tuesday night 62 3 a m Wednesday 74 27 inch YEAU AGO Maximum imum ipitalion FASCISTS THINK Some Cheer U S VIRTUALLY Others Score BATTLING AXIS German Reaction Will Come After Hitler Thoroughly Studies Talk Axis Homes of workers on huge Bra7il plantation SIX ARE SAVED ATCLEAR LAKE CLEAR tragedy was averted late Tuesday after noon when six persons were thrown into the churning waters of Clear Lake as a Class X boat tipped over during a squall that raised suddenly about o clock in the afternoon the ac cident occurred in the middle of the lake half way between Dodces Point and Baysidc The sextet Mr and Mrs Ralph Haydcn Clear Lake thenson and daughterinlaw Mr and Kenneth Haydcn New York City and Mr and Mrs Robert Haydcn lorest City were sailing under a bright sky and failed to notice the approaching storm When the wind struck swiftly they tned to reef the sails but were unable to do so before the boat tipped over All of the party clung to the sides of the over turned boat until Curly Lewis owner of the Rocker speed boat saw them and put out from Bay side with Lyle Bruce and Ranee Lane of Clear Lake lo rescue the party The party was picked up with out receiving any injuries al though the water was unusually rough The sailboat was left in the lake since the wind was too high to attempt to bring it to shore Report France s Allowed Air Force VICHY Unoccupied France and Italy have re laxed armistice regulations to al low France to build up a con tinental air force for defense of her empire it was disclosed Wednesday The disclosure was made in connection with a visit by Chief of State Marshal Petain to groups of French bombard ment reconnaissance and pursuit planes at the Aulnat base near ClermontFerrand in unoccupied territory Pre fascist editor Premier Mus By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Both axis partners were grimly ricprcscnlative Clifton A ilent Wednesday Woodrun D d resident Roosevelts speech but lo America SueiPcrViv propaganda sources which do their bidding were allowed to hint that it may be regarded as an invita tion to war Virginio Gayda who often reflects solans own views said flatly that the United Stales president was preparing for aggression against Germany and Italy Other fascist circles in Home said the fireside chat commit ting the United States to a pol icy of resisting any German at tempt to gain control of the seas virtually jmt the United Stales at war with tin axis By late afternoon in Berlin the German press had not disclosed lo its public even that the president had spoken But the Dienst A us Deulschland news commentary which lias close foreign office connections and is not for home consumption said his address undoubtedly would receive a decisive rejection from the nazis The German u broad also exclusively for con sumption heard by CBS in New York to denounce Mr Roosevelts attitude on free dom of the seas as meaning F R Address U S Chairman Walter F George ot the Senate Ioreign Relations Committee Jti vas a very strong statement of the S lasic philosophy of the adminis tration Chairman Sol Bloom of tl by Washington worlds sea lanes Germany however neither can nor will permit tins type of eco nomic dictatorship on the part of the American or any other na tion the radio declared In Berlin informed sources said many of Roosevelts points had oecn answered in advance by Grand Admiral Erich Raeder who in an interview three days ago branded a possible American convoy system as an open acl of war and described the patrol system as aggressive lu Tokio the Tokio slock mar ket boomed apparently indicat ing a general belief in financial circles that the speech would not upset JapaneseAmerican trade relations Hitler and Joachim Von Kib bcnlrup his foreign minister studied the presidents speech and the newspapers awaiting ordersas to the particular line they should take in denouncing published editorials calling tlie president a gambler whose closest advisers were Jews Because ot the importance of e o tins speech it was believed that Hitler might wait as long as 36 to 48 hours before deciding on the official reaction but unofficial was expected comment time Nazis had shown groat curiosity for days uiui various comments had indicated the tone which would be takiti House Foreign Affairs Com inttee In declaring that the united States will assert the free dom of the seas the president acts in harmony with the neutrality Representative Clifton A call Oil ill Kayburn of the House Very satisfying and encouraging Senator Claude Pepper D Fla He served notice on the dictators that England shall not fall Senator Gillette D It was a superb speech Every Ameri can will be pleased with references to differences of labor anc capital which have been impeding ourdc fense efforts 1 think that the freedom of the seas and extending our protection for materials lo Great Britain involves legislative action Con Representative Hamilton t ish R N Y Just a scip banded out to Senator Gerald P Nye R N Dak The president gives notice that we al ready arc Represen tative George H Tinhliani Mass The president apparently recognizes that the American peo ple are Overwhelmingly opposed to entering foreign wars in Eu rope and Asia Another Senator Robert A Tnfl said Mr Roosevelts proclamation of freedom of the seas had no relation to the question of convoys because that doctrine never al lowed the shipment ot contraband of war such as our lendlease ma terials The declaration of an unlimited nationalemergency has IS DETERMINED THAT AID WILL REACH ENGLAND Roosevelt Promises Dynamic Defense Against Attack or Threats CONDENSE TEXT PAGE WASHINGTON President Roosevelt in an historic address Tuesday committed the United States unreservedly to a policy of active resistance against all German efforts to sain con trol of the seas Proclaiming a slate of unlim ited emergency hepromised the nation a dynamic defense against attack or threat of attack president has no statutory or con stitutional authority lo declare such an emergency v Y II La Guardia of Ncir York From now on it means the snapping into action of the entire civilian popu lation of the country Gov Cul bert L Olson Cal A powerful speech GOV Ralph L Carr Colo When the nation calls Colorado will not hesitate Gov If B Mav Utah I favor the U S doing all possiblc to aid Britain of sending an expedi tionary Gov Sam II Jones La lie has solemnly and courag eously pharscd the issue for all citizens of the Americas PIIOMIXENT M Landon speech is the end of democratic govern ment in the United porarily at least IMilo 1 Warner national commander of the Ameri can Legion All American citizens should unite and act behind Pres ident Roosevelts clear declaration of policy Bishop William T Man ning Protestant Episcopal church All true and clcartiiinkinq Americans will support him SALAKY IS INCREASED DES MOINES salary jof Rodney Q Selby executive secretary of the Iowa industrial and defense commission was raised from to a year by ihc commission He told the xvorlcl in the face Berlin warnings of the ad ministrations determination to deliver the guoils to Britain utilizing the present patrols which are helping now and all additional measures which arc bcine devised Is mir military and naval lech nidaus He Have advance notice that oc cupation of Dakar the Azores or the Cape Verde islands by axis forces would constitute a direct danger to the safety and freedom of the hemisphere We in Ihe Americas ho de clared will decide for ourselves whether and when and where our American interestsare at tacked or our security threatened We arc placing our aimed forces in strategic military posi tion We will not hesitate to use our armed forces to repel attack 3 V To underscore the acute srav saw if President Roosevelt is sued his formal declaration that an unlimited national emergency exists and requires f tlic strengthening ur de fense to the extreme limit of our national power and authority DISPUTES MUST NOT HALT DEFENSE WORK Addressing himself particularly to capital and labor he asserted that no disputes of any sort must interfere with arms production The government henceforth would exert all its powers io end pro duction stoppages Articles of dc lonc must have the undisputed right of way in every industrial plant in tlic country Tiie presidents proclamation of j an unlimited emergency it was generally conceded clothed him wilh extraordinary powers that may be exercised as events war ranl By issuing additional procla mation it was pointed out he can cloc or commandeer radio sta tions take over power houses needed for munitions production demand preference for troops and war materialson all transporta tion systems or suspend trading on securities name only a few possible uses of power Legal circles however believed i that the president already had au jtboriiy lo do these things under I the emergency Throughout ilic address Hi Roosevelt reiterated his convic tion that hemisphere security waf i in jeopardy becnusc of the plans for world domination ;