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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME L f o E P A a T c ti r c f H I G T 0 3 Y ft f A K V E S C E S 0 I iv I j 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NE1GHIORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESi AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES ftVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 27 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 197 STRIKES END IN 4 RUBBER PLANTS U S Flyers Again Hit Savagely at Axis Isles P LARGE AIR BASE IN SICILY FEELS HEAVYATTACKS Bombing Assaults on Sardinia Pantelleria Continued by Allies ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA bombers struck savagely again at Italys soulhern island air defenses on Sicily Sardinia and Pantel leria Wednesday flying fortresses blasting the big Sicilian air base at Comisco from substratosphere height it was announced Thurs day Mitchell and marauder medium bombers at the same time swept in lo attack enemy air fields at Ponte Olivio They were escorted by lightning lighter planes Bombloaded lightnings and warhawks both designed as fighter planes kept up their as saults on Sardinian targets hitting grounded aircraft at Vil lacirdo air field and leaving a large supply vessel burning at Golfo Aranci Warhawks bombed the isolated little island of Pantelleria again Five enemy aircraft officially were reported destroyed in this Ihcatcr in 24 hours making u to tal of 348 axis planes claimed de stroyed in eight days in the air and on the ground by the northwest African air force squadrons alone The actual total undoubtedly is higher air sources said because figures have been given out since early in the week regarding planes destroyed on the ground With 12 planes listed by middle east and Malta flyers the total for the period runs to at least 360 planes Thursdays headquarters com munique also announced that direct hits were scored on the power station at Tirso in Sar dinia whose power is generated by the Tirso dam largest on the island The fortresses encountered the only major enemy resistance over Sicily They shot down three of SO MesserschmiltlOSs which in tercepted them No fortresses were lost but from nil operations of he north west African air forces two planes are missing The coordtnation of allied air power in the Medi terranean was revealed by details of Iwo separate raids Tuesday on Messina Sicilian ferry terminal One was carried out by a heavy force of northwest African fort resses while the other was made by bombers from the middle east Roaring through a 60milean hour wind the fortresses dumped heavy cargoes of fragmentation bombs Wednesday on Comisco starting four or five fives and spraying sled among dispersed aircraft jf Kcnorts of marauder and Mitchell crews who blanketed Kiscari and Tonic Oiivio air fields with fragmentation bombs indicated that air resources kept by the enemy in Sicily at pres ent are slender No enemy planes attempted lo intercept cither of these raids Flyers said a few aircraft were caught on the ground at Ponlc Olivio and wrecked Fighterbomber lightnings aug mented by wnrhawks ravaged Sardinian targets A large transport at Golfo Ar anci burst into flames after a di rect hit and a small boat nearbj also caught fire Three storage tanks bcJieved to contain oil were ignited Docksidc buildings were shot up FIRST PHOTOS OF YANKS RETAKING on Attti island in the Aleutians by American troops is shown in these first photos the new offensive Hundreds of sol diers land on the black volcanic sands of Massacre bay from landing barges top unload their equipment and start after the Jap defenders A foothold established the Yanks pushed inland where the louer picture of an American niHchine gun nest was taken in the front lines by a photographer who had to craw on his stomach to avoid being struck by enemy fire These are official L S navy photographs U S Wins Foothold on Ridge South of Chichagof Harbor Stimson Declares American Casualties Comparatively Light WASHINGTON American forces supported by a naval bom bardment and attacking army bombers and fighters have won a foothold on a ridge south of ene myheld Chichagof harbor alter two days of hard fighting the navy reported Thursday Despite he ferocity of the fighting on Attu Secretary of War Stimson reported Thnrday the American casualties have been relatively tight with pre liminary reports indicating the army has lost 127 killed 393 wounded and 118 missing Navv department No 391 said North Pacific 1 On May 25th A United Slates navai communique Lt Walter 7 Hope of New Windsor Md destroyed an Italiai CantZ flying boat caught on hc water Dispersed aircraft and hangars al Villactdro air field were hit by bombs of other lightnings which also shot up a train After scoring direct hits on the Tirso power station which sup plied a large part of Sardinia with electricity lightnings sped on to shoot up axis gun emplacements and small vessels Quays and shipping at Porto Ponte Romano a harbor of south west Sardinia suffered from a warhawk sweep Warhawks strewed fragmenta tion bombs on other targets in the center of Pantclleria island and shot up troops and gun emplace ments The conslal air force patrol shot down one Hcinkcl111 Tuesday night vessel bombarded Japanese shore installations in the Chichagof area and started numerous fires Army warhawk Curtiss P40 fighters bombed the main camp area al Kiska Hits were scored in Ihe vicinity of gun cm Japanese positions m the Chicha gof area Army lightning Lock heed P38 fighters assisted by strafing attacks From the communique and the rar secretarys discussion of Ihe situation It appeared that the miin enemy position is that at tiie iicad of Chichajiof harbor which being heavily pounded by sea air and ground troops However Ihe communique brought out although Slimson did not develop it Ihe fact that the Japanese also still have a force in the area north of Lake Nicholas which lies south of Chichagof harbor and about three miles away The two ene my positions were obviously isolated from each other IP So far there hasc been no re port of any heavy American ac tion against the force in the arc south of Lake Cories which is north of Lake Nicholas The attacks on the ridge domi nating are area around the head of Chichagot harbor began on Monday Wednesdays communi que revealed The actkn was car ried oul by combined units from both Ihe northern and southern forces in the island and aulhori placcments and other installa tions 2 On May 26th AH buildings in he Chi chagof area have been destroyed United States army troops after hard fighting in coordinaled attack along the ridge of Chichagof corridor succeeded in gaining a foothold on the high sooth of Chkhajef The right flank of the United States armys southern forces is opposed by Japanese force dug in on a ridge south of Lake Cories Air support was provided by army liberator consolidated heavy bombers and Mitch ell North American B25 me dium bombers which attacked Stimson Lists asualties in Nforth Africa WASHINGTON my casualties in north Africa om Nov 8 to May 15 totaled 184 killed 9437 wounded and 337 missing or prisoners Sec etary of War Stimson said Thurs Total allied casualties in the unisian campaign including ritish and French figures not re ortcd in detail were less than 0000 Stimson said By con he said the axis lost 30000 illed 2B400 wounded and 26H 00 prisoners Previously the V S army had reported 1180 casualties in theinitial landing operations which began Nov 8 and these were included in the overall figure reported by the secretary Stimson pointed oul in his rc iort of axis casualties in Tunisia Egyptian and Libyan reports vere not included that it was unusual for any army to suffer reater numbersof killed than of vounded In addition to the large leisonnel losses he said the axis also lost tremendous ciuanlities of upplies including large numbers f aircraft and surface ships At present he said allied ground orces in north Africa are engaged rincipally in handling the pris oners establishing prison camps md moving the captured axis sol licrs 10 ports of embarkation The north African air forces however arc continuing their aerial pounding of the Italian islands of Sicily Sardinia and Pantelleria he saidana the principal effect to date is that allied convoys can now move from Gibraltar to Suez the length of the Mediterranean in relative security Noting the recent heavy raids allied bombers based in Eng land particularly the assault OL Dortmund by PAF bombers Stim son said the allied bomber strengtl in Britain is increasing daily anc raids such as this will be repeater with increasing RUSSIANS MAKE HEAVY ATTACK IN HUB AN DELTA DNB Announces German Troops Forced Back by Strong Assault LONDON nearly 100000 strong infantry and tank Attacking red army men have forced the Germans to fall back from a front line sector of the Kuban bridgehead several miles ong and two kilometers 124 uiles deep DNB announced Thursday in u dispute broadcast by the Berlin radio The German news agency sai defenses all along the delti tronghold were battered The Moadcasl was recorded by the Associalccl Press The attacking force which struck after thunderous artillery preparation was reported made up of six soviet rifle divisions and three tank regiments DNB said the mainattack was delivered against German posi tions between Moldavanskoje am Kijcvskoje in the area of Kryms kaya which lies 20 miles abov the port of Novorossisk Other al lacks were reported pressed t the south in the Novorossisk sec tor and to the north along Ih banks of the Kuban Both Russian and German re ports had indicated a violent up surge in the land and air batt for the Kuban river zone he by the Germans from sitk northward to Tcmryuk o the Azov sea Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Thurscia afternoon Thursday night an Friday forenoon IOWA Warmer Thursday nigh continued mild Friday forenoon occasional light rain beginnin southwest and south central po lions lale Thursday night ai spreading northward and cas ward Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Nol much change in temperature Thursday night slightly warmer Friday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 57 Minimum Wednesday night 40 At 8 a m Thursday 47 YEAR AGO Maximum g Minimum 52 Precipitation 45 lies here believe that once the high ground is taken the Japa nese position would ontirely col lapse The ground overlooks are irea in which the village of Atlu for merly was located The village consislecl of a few buildings and a church 4 Boys Who Wanted to Swim Get Too Much ELBERTON Ga El berton boys yearned for a swim They got how Causht breaking into the cily pool after closing hours they were ordered by Mayor Ben I Sutton to spend three hours every day in the pool until further notice Planes Tanks in New Drive Against China CHUNGKING Japa nese are rushing up lanks and mechanized unils to reinforce troops driving through western Hnpeh province with the aid of 200 airplanes in an offensive aimed at Chungking a Chinese military spokesman said Thurs day The spokesman predicted a huee decisive battle soon which miicht determine whether China can save her wartime capital and keep from beinic knocked out of the war We shall beat them back1 the spokesman said The Japanese dream will undoubtedly remain a mere dream The spokesman said 70000 to 80000 men were in the Japanese spearhead approaching the Chi nese forls along the Yangtze river west of Ichang slrongpoint 295 miles cast of Chungking DAVIES GIVEN STALIN REPLY Sealed Message Will Be Brought to F R MOSCOW Joseph E Davies announced Thursday he had received a written and sealed reply from Premier Stalin to the secret letter from President Roosevelt which he de livered lit the Kremlin last week The p r c s i dcnts emissary said he did not know the con tents of Stalins message and that it was solely for Ihe United States DAVIES commanderinchici Davies said he was leaving di rectly for the United States Davies conferred with Stalin again Wednesday night at the Kremlin in the presence of Soviet Foreign Commissar Vyacheslnv Molotov A Tnss announcement of the meeting gave no details A picture of Slalin Davies and Molotov at the Kremlin as the presidents envoy wound up his business and prepared to leave for home was published on the front page in a fourcolumn fpacc Thursday by Izvcstia official gov ernment newspaper Slalin was smiling and pcarcd very pleased Davies and Molotov looked satisfied Observ ers agreed that all appeared de lighted about something bill there was no explanation of what tha something was Pravda communist parly news paper also frontpaged two pic tures of Davies Stalin and Molo tov in one of the biggest displays of photographs given any visit ing foreigner since the war began Davies attended a luncheor given Wednesday by Mololov to mark the anniversary of the treaty of alliance between Russia and Great Britain MAKE CHANGES IN PAYASGO Conferees Complete Work on Proposals WASHINGTON 11J S e n a t nd house conferees winding up heir work on a payasyougo tax ystem recommended additional clicf Thursday for some smaller axpaycrs The joint committee whose la 11 the senate and house are cx icclcd to act on next week stuck o its plan of granting 100 per ent abatement ofa years taxes or persons with a bill of S50 or ess than 75 per cent for those in he higher brackets Then it added this provision Persons with an abatement year bill of up to S6S67 ttl a flat S50 credit having to pay only the difference The idea was to prevent too n u c h discrimination between hose for example who owe just imicr and those who oxvc just ibnvc S50 When the conferees announced a compromise agreement Tues day a spokesman said the meas ure provided cancellation of a whole years personal income tax liability for taxpayers own ing or less and 75 per cent abatement for all others Later however some conference members said they understood the compromise stipulated not only that persons owing more than SSO would get a 75 per cent abalcmcnl but also an additional abatement of would mean complete cancellation for persons with a tax liability of S200 or less for the abatement year The conference committee headed by Chairmen George D Ga of the senate finance commit tee and DouRhton D IS Car of Ihe house ways and means com mittee was called back into ses sion to decide exactly what hac been decided upon If the extra is allowed it will mean an additional abate ment of around bringing the total lo approxima tely S7MOWttM compared with a SltmttttW expected revenue from the tax on 194J personal income according to informal estimates of tax au thorities resident of jiberia Talks o Congress WASHINGTON dwin Barclay oC the Liberian re ublic grandson of American aves became the first Negro in story Thursday to appear before le U S congress and be officially itrocluced from its rostrums The chief executive of the ittle west African country ouilded in 1822 by American freedmen was welcomed in the senate and house in connection with his visit here He is re paying the call which President Roosevelt made to Liberia last January after his Casablanca conference with Prime Minister Winston Churchill f lie arrived at the senate chum er first and was escorted to 10 rostrum by four Lister Hill D Charles L IcNary R Arthur Capper R and Robert F Wagner D N Y Members rose and applauded as ic stepped up to the rostrum and avc one of the shortest speeches in record in the senate Barclay nodded in acknowlcdgc nent and said I wish to express my apprecia ion for the courtesy which has jeen shown me by the senate of he United States Pie sat down and a moment later was escorted to a scat on the sen Ate floor normally occupied by Senator Millard Tydings D Mtl Many members of the senate then walked over to shake his hand and exchange greetings while other members continued with debate on legislation About half of the senates 96 members were present al the time Among the absentees were many southern senators Barclay remained in the senate chamber only 12 minutes Then he paid a similar visit to the house of representatives Speaker Sam Kayhurn intro duced Barclay o the house as Ihe president of one of the few democracies existing outside of the western hemisphere Bar clay spoke briefly expressing his pleasure at being the guest of the house Barclay was warmly applauded from both sides of the chamber About half the house membership was present Barclay was guest of honor al a vhite house dinner Wednesday ight After the dinner President looscvelt talked at length with iarclay and Liberian Presidcnt lect William V S Tubman Mr Roosevelt conferred with is visitors again Thursday before hey moved across Pennsylvania venue lo take up residence for he remainder of their stay al MEET DEADLINE SET UP BY F R IN ULTIMATUM 5 Day Production Stoppage Made 50000 Workers Idle in Akron AKRON Ohio IP CIO union ists ended strikes at three major Akron rubber companies Thurs day complying with the noon deadline set in i presidential uUIrmihim concerning a fiveday production stoppage thai threw more than 50000 into idleness A small shift returned to war jobs at tlie B V Goodrich com pany just us the deadline ap proached after united rubber workers unionists there decided to observe the commanderin chicfs order The backtowork movement starlet earlier at the Goodyear Tire Rubber company and the Firestone Tire Rubber com pany employes straggled into the plants throughout the morning and six hours alter the first men reported on the 6 a in shitt Firestone guards estimated 50 pel cent of the force was on the job A company spokesman who de clined use of his name said about 2000 reported at the beginning of the rirst shift at Goodyear and others straggled into the plants for several hours General Tire ft Rubber company reported a lull working force on the job Only a few the Goodrieh employes entered iatcs until after a Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy BOY t DROWNS FORT MADISON Higbec 8 drowned Wednesday while swimming in a creek nca here with a group of boys Fire men were unsuccessful in effort to revive the lad Blair House the mansion used by lie government for aceommoda ion of distinguished visitors EDWIN BARCLAY of Liberia They Call Him Leo DENVER UF The Brown Palace hotel has a new cook from Siam His name is Lleiusszuicussazas szcs Willihiminississlcizzii Hurris sisslcizzii which means great mountain wonderful strength and the bear of the mountain His friends call him Leo TRANSFERRED FROM RCAF I O N D O N G Grimes Albia Iowa flyer who has been with the Canadian air force has been transferred to the U S army air force Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy 10 a m meeting of the companys day shift workers George II Bass president of the Goodrich local announced the men decided to resume produclidh at once The meeting June 16 deadline lion by the war la wage decision the stoppage ll Union leaders said they ex peeled full shifts lo report at Z p m at all four plants A Goodjcar spokesman indicated that normal operations could not be resumed immediately how ever asserting it take all day and a good part of Fri day lo balance up our produc tion After urging Goodrich workers lo return to Iheir iobs Bass de clared I thing the strike lias achieved the results we the reopening of he war labor board wage case Now well wait and see what theyll do with it The president acting as Com manderinchief of the army and navy termed the work stoppage a flagrant violation the nostrike pledge and asserted If this strike is not ended by 12 oclock noon Thursday May 27 your government will take necessary steps to protect the interests of the nation Executive boards of URW locals at Goodyear Fircslone and Good rich promptly adopted a resolution urginj immediate resumption of war work and their presidents then made radio appeals Walkouts at Akrons B i g Three and the General Tire Rubber company taneously union leaders declared news last Saturday that the national War Labor Board had reduced to three cents an hour its panels recommendation of an eightcent wage increase Production soon stopped on a multitude of such items as self scaling gasoline tanks and dc iccrs for warplancs antiaircraft guns gas masks and combat tires Acting soon after the unions international executive board urged a return to work with promises the WLB would recon sider the case President Hoosc velt telegraphed the rubber work ers leaders Wednesday night From the point of view of the nation these strikes are in excusable and must therefore be accepted by the country and by your government for what they basically are Namely a defiincc of the war labor board a challenge to the gov ernment by law and a blow against the effective prosecii lion of Ihe war Further these strikes consti tute a flagrant violation of Ihe nostrike pledge They must not be permitted to continue any longer Mr Roosevelt said in the midst of war calling for the sup reme sacrifice of many ot the ranks of our armed forces it is shocking io the nation to discov er that any group within our cit izenry would impede for a single moment the production of the ;