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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES I A i HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY27TT94 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS CESTAPOSHOT a M HITLER AGENT OUT OF DANGER BERLIN STATES Martial Law Evoked in Prague Following Attack on High Nazi BERLIN From Berlin Broad casts Reinhard Heydrich acting reichs protector for Bohe mia and Moravia has been wound ed in an attempt on his life DNB reported Wednesday from Prague DNB said Heydrichs wound was not expected to prove fatal The dispatch did not specify when the attack occurred It said however that a reward of 10000000 crowns will be paid for capture of the culprit Martial law was proclaimed in Prague following announcemen of the attempted assassination The Transocean agency report ed that the attack was made at 1 p m Wednesday on the high road from Prague to Berlin but within the limit1 of greater Prague TERRIBLE REPRISALS ARE THREATENED LONDON tpf Ths German controlled Prague radio announced Wednesday that Heinhard Hey drich reichs protector for Bo hemia and Moravia had been wounded in a murderous attack and threatened terrible reprisals A state of emergency was said to have been declared over the en tire nazigripped fragment of Czechoslovakia and an an nouncement said Whoever helps to hide the euilty persons or who gives them any bind of help or se curity or secretly withholds any knowledge of the crime source here expressed fear that the wounding of Heydrich No 2 man of the German gestapo would lei down the bars for a wave of exe cutions in Czechs would be slaughtered by hundreds in executions of innocent people on a scale unprecedented in this war It was understood here that the shooting occurred in Prague where Heydrich announced Tues day night according to a German broadcast that there would be a reorganization of the administra tive s up Czech circles here interpreted this as meaning that Hitler had decided to incorporate Bohemia reili avia into the One Czech source expressed the belief that Heydrich had been shot in protest against his order con scripting Czech youths for service in Hitler s army in Russia Heydrich chief aide io Heinrich Himmler gestapo chief has been reported recently visiting Paris and the Netherlands to take charge of measures to put dowr It was on such an assignment tiiac he went to Bohemia and Moravia in September 1941 He moved in as acting protector and applied heavy fisted meas ures which he announced a month later had crushed all un rest in the protectorate He declared a stale of emer gency m the principal cities and executed at least 34 Czechs dur ing his first 43 hours of authority Koundabout dispatches reaching ie r incicated that Himmler had appointed him gestapo com missioner general in all German occupied territory HEINHARD HEYDRICH Italian Sub Surrenders at Brazilian Port BULLETIN FORTALEZA Brazil The Italian submarine Pamplona was reported Wednesday lo have surrendered to authorities at a northeast Brazilian port RIO DE JANEIRO confirmed report from Recife Wednesday said a United States warship answering the call for help on May 18 of the Brazilian freighter Commandante Lyra chased the undersea attacker and was believed to have sunk it This was the third enemy sub marine reported sunk in waters off Brazil in nine days Ameri can bombers sank one Uboat near Fernando Moronha about 125 miles off Brazils northeast coast last Friday the pilots de clared and another was report ed sent to the bottom Tuesday off Recife The Commandante Lyra was at first abandoned by its crew which was later put aboard and towed to port by a United States war ship The freighters captain Sever ino Sotero said United States pa trol planes signalled for help al most immediately after his ship was attacked with torpedoes and incendiary shells When the warship arrived on the scene it dropped many depth charges in the chase Wednesdays report said The Brazilian press continued to attack Germany for the assaults on Brazilian ships and urged the government to begin an active de fense with its planes and warships but the government permitted no word to be published the sink ings of submarines off the coast by United States forces OPERATOR HELD Tageson Charged With Being Bootlegger After Information to Sheriff Amandus Tag Tageson oper ator of the Gay Modern night club at Clear Lake was arrested by Sheriff Tim Phalen Wednesday on a charge of being a bootlegger He waived preliminary hearing before Police Judge Morris E Laird here and bound over to the grand jury Tageson was held until he furnished bond fixed at The arrest followed a re port to the sheriff by a man who said he bought a pint of whisky from Tageson The bottle which the informant said he purchased bore the stamp of the Iowa state liquor commission the sheriff said BRITISH BOMB SICILIAN CITY ROME From Italian Broad waves of Brit ish bombers dropped high ex plosives and incendiaries Tuesday night upon Messina Sicily dam aging the cathedral Royal Uni versity and dwellings the high command reported Wednes day Seven persons were killed and 26 injured the communique said Seven sailors were officially listed among the injured Clearing of debris is in prog ress the high command said One aircraft was hit by antiaircraft fire and fell into thr sea The behavior the popu lation was calm and disciplined Morale was reported to have been hit even harder than buildings by previous British raids upon Sicily and southern Italy Messina a fortified har bor city which had a popula tion of 114651 in 1931 is seven miles from the Promontory of Faro which forms the north east angle of Sicily Various British military centers in eastern Libya were reported to have been bombed violently by axis air forces and German stukas were said to have dropped heavy caliber explosives on the port of Tobruk German and Italian airmen ac counted for four British fighter planes in air combat the com munique said Several of 25 Cur tiss planes caught on the ground at Gambut by a surprise attack were reported set afire and others heavily damaged From the days operations tw of four planes failed to return the communique said ARMORED AXIS FORCES LAUNCH DESERT BATTLE Enemy Sweeps Around British Positions in Sudden Libyan Action By EDWARD KENNEDY tion CAIRO fight for posi on in the Libyan no mans land burst into a sudden axis bid for the initiative Wednesday with a strong armored force sweeping deep around British positions to Bir Hacheim 40 miles south of Ain El Gazala where battle was joined by British tank forces The first indication of the axis push was contained in the usual communique from British headquarters which said axis columns includingtanks in some strength advanced cast ward Tuesday By nightfall the communique said the axis forces had not reached the main British positions J Later a special communique disclosed these additional details During the night a large enemy armored force advanced from west to the south our positions around Bir Hacheim Early Wed nesday morning the enemy was being engaged by our armored forces No details of the fighting are yet available Bir Hacheim forms the south ern point of a rough triangle based upon El Mechili Rom mels striking base to the north and Tobrnk British coast al base to the northeast with thVflareifcp of land fighting the RAF an nounced a marked increase in aerial activity on a 24houraday scale The RAF communique said axis landing fields and ground trans port vehicles have been bombed and machine gunned in day and night attacks Monday and Tues day at El Tmimi Martuba and roads leading to Derna An earlier war report said axis planes also had been active The move in Libya was the first reported in any strength since Nazi Marshal Erwin Rom mel made a tentative thrust with three columns April 8 Finding the British positions much stronger than expected the Ger mans then held their positions while awaiting suppies and rein forcements ferried across the Mediterranean under cover of air attacks on Malta Rommel was estimated to have about 125000 German and Italian troops including one Italian and too German armored divisions when he last moved forward But daring he recent lull the British have poured in rein forcements equal to those Rom mel has obtained and hive been bolstered by armored di visions equipped with factory new 28 ton American tanks Both armies suffered heavily in last winters battles but the British armored divisions now are believed to be superior in armor firepower and range Involved in the general Mediier r a n e a n prospects diplomatic quarters said were the massing of 300000 Italian troops along the French border Pierre Lavals dis cussions with French naval lead ers and a steady flow of supplies to Hommel as a result of Maltas e recently decreased usefulness an air base Reports from Turkey added lila in midMay six infantry divisions had been transferred from Jugo slavia to Greece and the Aegean islands The Italian demands on France for Corsica Nice and Tunisia were described by these diplomatic sources as based either on Mus solinis desire to pluck a plum from the axis conquests or to exact a higher price for sending troops to the Russian front Nothing Italy does however is done without German permis observer commented She is as much a vassal slate as France The possibility of an Italian in vasion of France generally was i discounted and the theory was offered that revived Italian ter d nlonal clamor was part of Ger k man pressure to wring new con cessions from the French as I that Among these were mentioned efforts to obtain use of French naval forces at Toulon and the Army Supply Chief of U S No win London LONDON Lieut Gen Brehon B Somervell arrived here Wednesday to round out the United States military mission conferring with British war chiefs and London commentators ex pressed belief a united air assault was planned to blast the way for a future allied landing on the Germanoccupied continental coast General Somervell is com manding general of the U S arniys service of supply which is charged with handling the thousands of Ions of food clothing and munitions needed to keep any major expedition ary force in the field Brigadier Generals Leroy Lutes Charles P Gross and William C Lee accompanied him Plans for a combined Anglo American attack on the axis powers are being discussed the Daily Telegraph said It can confidently be predicted that one outcome will be a great intensification of the air attack on Germany from the west The Daily mail said a liaison system which both the United States and the RAF have stated to be wholly acceptable has been drawn up providing for separ ate operation of the air fleets but coordination in strategy such as the selection of bombing targets The Daily Express said the Americans have numbers of dive bombers which many military experts regard as essential to furnish close support for any ground operations in modern war Britain has few such planes V officers con ferredwitKthe corresponding of in Britains air sea and land services The American mission Is headed by Licuf Gen Henry H Arnold head of the army air forces and Rear Admiral John H Towers chief of naval aeronautics Other members include Maj Gen Dwight D Eisenhower head of the operations division of the war department general staff and Maj Gen Mark W Clark chief of staff of the army ground forces The arrival of this group was disclosed in London Tuesday co incident with authoritative state ments that the allies were prepar ing harder air blows with increas ing popular demands for more di rect action against Germany Nazi Attack Below Kharkov GENERAL SOMERVELL Tunisian port of Bizerte in Medi terranean operations One informant listed the fol lowing as salient factors in weigh ing the possibility that the Ger mans were planning a thrust at the land bridge connecting Eu rope Africa and Asia with a view to breakingthrough the back door of the Caucasus 1 Italian convoys have been able to cross the Mediterranean to North Africa frequently and safely since Maltas usefulness was impaired uith the launch ing of an almost incessant axis air attack about three months ago 2 Rommel certainly has made Up for his heavy winter losses and possibly has more than replaced them 3 Crete is being used as a train me ground for German para chute troops 4 There are strong Italian gar risons in Greece and the Dode canesc islands 5 The desert heaf although handicap would not prevent extensive axis operations Libya b WANTSATTACK Mussolini is FARMER DROWNS Proves Im Against Isolationism Says Candidate Thornburg DES MOINES G Thornburg republican candidate for the United States senate says he welcomes what he interpreted as an attack on his candidacy by the Chicago Tribune This proves Thornburg said the point I have been making in this campaign as to where I stand and where George Wilson stands Im against isolationism ami have been since long before Pearl Harbor I thought the dec laration of war united all us Americans Governor Wilson also a G O P candidate for the senate said Tuesday night he had no comment to make on the Tribune editorial which in part was quoted as sav ing The politicians in Iowa seem to have a pretty clear idea oE where Mr Willfcie Wendell Will kie 1940 republican presidential candidate stands in current poli tics In the campaign for the re publican nomination for United Stales senator one of the candi dates who is seeking to capitalize on his stand as a Har bor interventionist has sought to tie himself to Willkics kite He is circulating pictures of himself shaking hands with Willklc Republican leaders remember the 1938 primary in the opposing party when the efforts of Harry Hopkins Jimmie Koosevelt and Tommy the Cork Thomas Cor coran to purge Senator Gillette were successful only in rolling up a 2 to 1 majority for him over the new dealer who was entered against him On a recent visit to central Iowa Willkie said he believed Thornburg would make a good senator 400 EXECUTED IN LITHUANIA LONDON UP German mili lary authorities have executed 400 i hostages in Lithuania most of them Poles in retaliation for the killing by patriots of two Ger man officials a United Press dispatch from Stockholm said Wednesday Offices of Internal r Revenue to Stay Open DES MOINES H Bir a mmgham collector of internal jit revenue announced that all Iowa in offices of his department would be open on day Party Again By tJNITEDPRESS Radio Home revealed Wednes day that the fascist party was be ing purged at the behest of Be mto Mussolini The fascist directorate of which Mussolini is chairman lias unanimously decided to urge party federations lo conduct a severe among party members in order to eliminate any one who for any reason does not deserve the honor uf being a member radio Komc said Radio Berlin broadcaslin a German DNB agency dispatch said the directorate aimed to make the fascists a party of quality in stead of quantity On orders of the duce the sec retary of the fascist parly issued instructions that fascists in vested with executive powers should not be allowed to hold at the same time administrative jobs in commercial companies without permission of the party radio Rome said v x This obviously meant that the days of party members who had been using their governmental positions to peddle products of their industrial companies were about over Tie DNB dispatch reported that moreover a list of officers and occupations which party members could fill only by agree ment of the party would soon be established This seemed io confirm private advices that thieving among high fascists was a national scandal that had sorely tried the common Italian hungry and war weary The advices had said the fas cists were operating the black market profiteering on the war and taking advantage of their jobs wherever they could to lav aside fortunes This Mans Tire Was Really Shot INDIANAPOLIS fP When Rowe Grogg says one of his tire 15 ift01 he mcars Just that When he discovered a flat tire on his car in a parking lot Grogg called a station attendant Your tire was shot the at tendantreported I found a bul let in it I Rushes Blood by Air to Help Sick Youth IOWA CITY Shaw Iowa dty flying instructor dis closed he rushed blood from lotfa City to Manchester by plane Tues day to treat a son of Jake Stein kopf whose life was believed en dangered by nosebleed Helmer Thompson Falls Into Stream in Madison Township Thompson 15 a fanner was drowned be ween 2 and 3 oclock Wednesday morning as he and twocompanions were crossing a footbridge over a stream near his home in Madison township His companions were unable to explain how he fell from the bridge Tlie sheriff was called to the scene but because oC darkness was unable to begin the search for the body immediately it was re covered about 8 am Thompson was married and had two children Funeral arrange ments have not yet been made Restaurants in Des Moines Charge 5c for Second Cup of Coffee DES tlOINES H Martin secretary of the Iowa Res taurant association announced Tuesday night that downtown Des Moines restaurants will charging a nickel for the second cup of coffee beginning next Monday Martin added that operators in other lowaCities will be urged tr adopt similar procedure A twoweek test in which the restaurants sought to discourage customers from asking for th second cup failed to reduce con sumption sufficiently to enable the establishments to keep within their coffee quotas Martin ex plained The nickel for a second cup idea is expected also to help the restaurants to keep within their sugar allotments Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Scattered showers and thunderstorms Wednesday night and in extreme east Thursday forenoon Warmer east cooler extreme west Wednesday night cooler west warmer extreme cast Thursday forenoon Fresh to strong winds MINNESOTA Scattered shower and thunderstoms Wednesday night and occasionally Thursdn forenoon Warmer Fresh moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 73 Minimum in night 52 At 8 a m Wednesday 58 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum RQ Precipitation 147 inches br BERLIN CLAIMS SOVIET FORCES ARE ENCIRCLED Think Hitler Plans Synchronized Drives Into Middle East By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Soviet frontline dispatches re ported Wednesday that Marshal Timcshenkos armies had smothered part of the German rffciisivo 80 miles below Kharkov vhilc the German high command isserted that the resistance oC Russian troops encircled in the ame critical sector has been iroken The Russians declared the red armies smashing through the flank of a German wedge had brought the nazi offensive In the sector to a standstill in the most important zone Red Star the soviet army news paper said tankled Russian in fantry attacking under cover ot in artillery barrage had captured he slope of a hill dominating the battle zone and were now fighting at the gates of a village several miles from their starting point Red Star said two nizi counter ittacks failed to halt the advance Soviet reports said the German push was stopped along a river bend where Russian troops ap parently encircled were described as now enlarging a pocket Red Star declared the Germans were suffering immense losses irr 4ahkbattles flaringinmany sectors of the 125mile battle zone with the Russians matching at tacks by nazi squadrons of 20 to 30 tanks each Accounts of the ICdayoId bat tle were in sharp conflict f Moscow reports via Stockholm said counter attacking soviet troops had slopped the main German offensive with the red armies advancing in an impor tant sector Hitlers command declared The annihilation of soviet armies encircled south of Kharkov is making rapid Meanwhile London diplomatic quarters noted multiplying signs Wednesday that the axis was pre paring a formidable land and move in the Mediterranean Speculation centered on the possibility that Adolf Hitler was planning synchronized drives into the middle east from three di rections 1 From the Crimea or Rostov onDon through the Caucasus 2 From North Africa into Egypt 3 Across the Mediterranean from Crete Greece and the Dodecanese islands German pnrachule troops reported training in Crete and strong Italian garrisons arc sta tioned in Greece and the Dotic cnnesc islands lo support any transMediterranean thrust Omens of a gathering new storm included 1 British middle cast head quarters reported that Field Marshal Eruin Rommels Xorth African armies were on the move again with strong axis troop and ink columns ad vancing toward the main Brit ish defense lines Simultaneously lie Kalian high command reported intense air activity over the Libyan desert battle theater a familiar prelude to an 2 Reports of an axis squceyc on France to gain control of the immobilized French fleet 3 Premier Pierre Lavals dis cussions with his naval chief tains Kcports that 200000 Italian troops were massing alongthe French border ready to back up Itilys demand upon France for Tunisia Corsica and Nice Countering these portents axis strategy London commenta tors saw indications that a mighty allied aerial assault may be immi y nent to blast the way for a land y mg on the Germanoccupied in 0 visjon coast sjon coas The belief was further strength ened by the arrival in London of LieutGen Brehon B Somervell assistant chief of staff U S army supply division to round out the united States military mission now conferring with British war leaders High significance was attached jo General Somcrvclls arrival because of the fact that his dU ;