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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 27, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1ST MEM 4 ART 0UA COM I MASON CTY jagggZ NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS SPOT VOLXLVll MASON CtTY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 27 1941 BRITISH DESTROY BISMARCK Too Are Americans Progress in Sao Paulo Is Observed EDITORS NOTE This Is another of a aerka of articles written by W larj Mason Cily GlobeGazette managing editor In be course of a Juur through So mi America as one of a party of 12 cuesls or the Carnejle Jtodoivmeat for International Peace Number 67 By W EARL HALL SAO hope that the United States of Brazil may some time become as great as the United States of North America was dramatically expressed to our Carnegie group last night by Gov Adhemar de Barros oE the state of Sao Paulo St Paul in a toast at the conclusion of adinner given by him in ouihonor at his elegant palace here Malcolm W Davis responding to the toast voiced the hope that Brazil in achieving its goal of a greatness oqual to that of the U S A would not surrender the ad mirable distinguishing national at tributes which have impressed themselves upon us in Oiir bvieE stay among the Brazilians Itwas a wholly delightful eve ning and it can he said that up to this time we have not met up with a more hospitable host than Governor de Barros a 40 Tear old doctor trained in Eu wiUT specialized study at J I speaks easily understandable English Iii a conversation with the mag netic young Brazilian as we walked in the palace gardens past ilighted fountains this man ol medicine turned governn ental ad i ministrator told mo his pride in the accomplishments of his admin jistiation in Sap Paulo md ofthe Vargas administration in Brazil He harked back to the Civil wai of ten years ago when Sao Paulo richest of the Brazilian states sought by force to continue its domination over the entire re mainder oE the nation j Its better for Brazil he said we lost that war We Pau iistas were wrong s De Barros came into office by Iippointment from Vargas He is fact an interventor rather ian a governor v j jr Someday he explained well hold elections to name our president and governors But in a time of world strife it is much better that we avoid the con fusion and unrest which always accompanies clcctiflns Dont think so After all we were guests More an that we arc here on a sort good will mission To suggest at democracy is a sturdy enough ant to survive in a climate of orld strife would have been jedlcssly to sound a discordant ite The interventors question unanswered With great nridc our host linfed to the signs of material on all hands here in Paulo He had spent the presiding at a ccrc pny incident to the start of joduction at a newly completed mill 11 President Works on Final Draft of p m Chat WASHINGTON most of the world waited in expectancy President Roosevelt worked Tuesday on the final draft of a fireside chat that may prove to be one of the most important pronouncements he has ever made on matters of state The president planned to devote most of his day to the address and the white house indicated that it would take into consideration virtually any major change in interna tional affairs occurring before p m CST when Mr Roosevelt speaks by radio An allnetwork transmission will carry the presidents words to the four corners of the nation and a worldwide short wave relay will broadcast the address to other lands In addition to the direct English relay there will be trans lations in French German Italian Spanish and Portuguese The white house yielded hints as to the exact subject avery working hour according governor six new buildings j completed in Sao of more than 10000 a year i ho said is one more per hour ai in Chicago and two more p m Los Angeles Jut the real apple of his eye is jfccently finished state 3 largest building in Sao Paulo 9 the largest hospital in South 4erica It contains 1100 beds x4 is II stories in height cover T a full city block The hospital been given Goy de Barros le and he is looking upon it as principal monument to his ad Jistration Ironically enough 4 citys largest cemetery is situ across thestreet from the jpital and the college of medi have more than doubled 1 income for government he Blamed but we havent raised fs In the old days friends of 1 governor paid no axes Now ndi of the governor pay their s suffer confiscation ire arc no exceptions The rc Hs that were building Is hospitals and the other as to the exact subject the presidents speech but did not discourage the growing impression that the adddress would rank with tile most significant of Mr Roose velts state papers Highlyplaced oflicials were of the opinion that one portion of the address would contain a demand for more active aid to Britain re gardless of axis threats Other Quarters looked for a vigorous pronouncement on foreign policy possibly coupled with a formal re assertion of the historic American doctrine on freedom of the seas It was noted that Adolf Hitlers own newspaper iVoelkischer Beb article can idea of freedom of the seas The article asserted that at the end of the war the German fleet would be the guarantor of what until lias only been a misused slogan Whatever the contents of the fireside chat the president has received no end of volunteered advice and sufjEestions They ranged from appeals for convoys lo recommendations that he seek lo effect a negotiated peace In the field of domestic affairs de mands have centered on the need for a policy that would end the defense production stop pages due to strikes The suggestions apparently would continue until Tuesday night One group oE opposition legislators collaborated Tuesday on a lastminute letter urging the chief executive to say nothing which would have the effect of putting the country into war without the approval of the peo ple through their congressional representatives Thirty members of congress hos tile to administration foreign pol icy discussed the letter at a late meeting Monday and agreed that i should be put in final form and dispatched to the white hovisc in advance of Mr Roosevelts speech A subcommittee headed by Sena tor Wheeler D Mont was given that task A preliminary draft said that the Jroup was considering conducting a national referendum on the is sue of peace or war The president will deliver his fireside chat from the cast room of the white house before an audi ence that will include the entire Latin American diplomatic corps and their families members of the cabinet and personal guests ot Mrs Roosevelt FDR Asks 3 Billion for Planes XVASHINGTON Roosevelt Tuesday asked con gress for 53319000000 in new ap propriations to provide in ore planes for the army and navy Therequest made in a letter to Speaker S a m Hayburn Tex Tasked for for the army and for naval planes The request reflected an immi nent tremendous expansion of air craft production schedules but gave no details on the number and type of planes to be produced It was understood the army re quest included an item for sev eral thousand heavy bombers Congressional leaders under stood that the new army plane rc quejt might be included in the pending army appropriation bill for tile next fiscal year beginning July 1 With the plane request the measure will total aboutS7 000000000 The house military appropri ations subcommittee plans to re port that measure next week The presidents supplemental request for the army was said to provide tor more than 12500 planes BISMARCK SUNK BY BRITISH Nazis Gain in Crete TANKS FLOWN FROM GREECE Greeks Say 18000 Germans Killed in Invasion Fighting LONDON German air Reinforced troops smashed Vichy Pledges Integrity of Its Colonies WASHINGTON UPl French Ambassador Gision HenryHayc delivered to the state department Tuesday a note from ihe Vichy government renewing pledges that France would not surrender her fleet or her colonial empire to the Germans HenryHayc said the note sub mitted to Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles was intended to assure the United States that French collaboration with Ger many would not go beyond the terms of the FrancoGerman armistice I think it will be a huge dis appointment to those who arc j trying to sec a rift in the relations between France and the United HenryHayc said 8 Injured as Trains Crash at Calmar CALMAR Eight persons were injured one badly and two rail road coaches were damaged in a Milwaukee ioad yard crash here Monday afternoon Dick Leenkill of Marquetle brakeman on one of the trains received the most severe injuries a broken hip and bad bruises He was taken to a Decorah hospital he Accident Demolishes Ackley Mans Auto car A blowout was the cause of the accident Mr Thompson was injured slightly The representatives of the west ern licmisphere republics were in vited to be present after Mr Roosevelt was compelled to can cel his scheduled address at the reception they had planned for him on May 14 j ACKLEY Floyd Thompson things for which so lone we have i wmle driving late Saturday eve stood in need to Grundy Center hit a ce if bridge and demolished the During our meal an excellent string orchestra made up of state militiamen played salon music much ot it Stephen a room adjoining our banquet hall All in all it was an evening we shall not be forgetting And as a final courtesy from the governor his airplane was made available to us for an hours flight over the city this forenoon Sao Paulo in all of its square miles of distinctive beauty was stretched out beneath us on a blanket of verdure Incidentally Sao Paulo is said to be the only city in the world with apopulation of a million or more which is situI Lord scl eavSeimUCh bovc Khlg anmTraliy I communique disclosed Tuesday A V deeper into British lines Tuesday in fierce fighting in western Crete but official statements said that imperial reinforcements were reachingthe island and that all axis seaborne landings had been smashed by the royal navy with heavy losses It was said that tanks ot three tons and was one re port that tanks weighing as much as eight tons had been were being flown across from the Peloponnesus peninsula of Greece for the attack A weekend slackening of the landing of airborne troops and equipment by the Germans had ended and it was admitted that landings had been rcneived Mon day on a large scale including both parachute and other forces as well as equipment Greek sources said at Cairo that the Germans thus far have lost at least 18000 lives in the attempt to take Crete This figure includes 5000 believed lo have been lost at sea while trying to invade ihe island by boats T Dispatches Indicated that the situation was increasingly serious Unless censorship had concealed reinforcement of the allied forces it was believed that the British New Zealand and Greek troops opposed to the Germans must be 1 tiring as the battle ot Crete en lumber and oil cais tcred its second andtheivv and Tuesday it was reported had spent a fair Other peisons received only slight injuries and 20 were unin jured No estimate of the dam age is available the division office in Mason Cily said Tuesday aft ernoon Those persons injured in cluded James J Cassidy Jr 1230 Washington avenue north west Mason City who suffered a bruised rielil hip Others were Mrs Cora McCar thy of Milwaukee Jefferson Kiuse of IVlarcuiette Nels Quan1 dahl of Decorah Mrs Henry I Kruse of Farmersburg Mrs Har old Kruse of Marquctte and Mrs C E Berner of Corwith all of whom suffered lesser cuts and bruises The accident occurred when an SAY GERMANS CONTROL SYRIA Diplomatic Maneuver Puts Nazis in Saddle 1 urk Capital Hears ANKARA Turkey Prac tical control of Syria has passed from French to German bands in a swift diplomatic maneuver des pite the opposition of Gen Henri Dentz the French high commis sioner diplomatic re ported Tuesday i An unofficial German armis tice commission was reported to have replaced the official Italian armistice commission and to have Vengeance Gained for Loss of Hood in Atlantic Battle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS planes from the aircraft car rier Ark Royal backed by ships of the royal navys Atlantic fleet sent the 35000ton German battleship Bismarck to the bottom of the north Atlantic Tues day morning it was announced officially in stern revenge for the sinking of the mightv battlecruiser Hood The coup de grace was delivered after the Bis marck had been spotted by an Americanmade plane and severely damaged by torpedo after torpedo hurled into her vitals by planes of the fleet air arm A V Alexander first lord of the admiralty an nounced It was just three days after the 42100ton Hood was blasted to pieces between Iceland and Green land that the units of the royal navy including the new 35000ton battleship Prince of Wales caught up with her as she tried to make a French oort Brest or St Naxaire She had been deserted by the escorting cruiser fn mCff f Of three cruisers of the 10000ton Hipper class the British asserted Measures are being taken with respect to the offfSai mosfc an cleaned out all proBritish ele ments in he country The German commission was led by a former German consul in Syria named Von Roser and a nazi agent known as CliapcauKouglie Red division train station w a s Iowa and Dakota coming into the struck in the side by an Iowa ond Minnesota division train which was switching on the depot track The Iowa and Minnesota train went through a switch which had accidentally been Jcft open its lo comotive striking the incoming tram The passengers were all in the two coaches of the hitter train 4 CAKS DERAILED WEST OF DUMONT rxight Wiien Dciilz opposed the Ger man infiltration the reports said he appealed to the Vichy regime but was told in reply that it might be better if lie re signed Dentz then submitted to the Germans The effective control of Syria was said to have passed to the Germans before the pronazi out break in neighboring Iraq The nazi armistice commission re portedly took over actual author ity from the French administra tion of the mandated territory The Germans obtained the co operation of a French general an assistant ot Dentz after the high commissioner opposed their ac tions it was said 7 British disclosed thatthe British Admit Ship Losses Near Crete LONDON Britain lost two cruisers and four destroyers in Hie battle of Crete and two battleships and several other cruisers have been damaged but not seriously it was said reliably Tuesday The cruisers Gloucester and Fiji and the destroyers Juno Grey hound Kelly and Kashmir were lost it was said Some of the damaEed battle ships and cruisers already have returned to active service it was added The Gloucester was a cruiser of U00 tons with a complement of officers and men The Fiji was ot 8000 tons with a smaller complement The Kelly 1 flotilla leader the Kashmir formerly the and the Juno were all of 1690 tons 5 TO GO TO SPAIX MADRID sur vivors of Egyptian ship Zamzam will be admitted to Spain enroute to the United States as soon as they reach the frontier at Irun from Biarritz France officials said Tuesday ROYALTY LED DESTROYER i ii inn uitj Germans were constantly receiv ing reinforcements It was estimated now that the Germans must have between 5 000 and 28000 men on the island Military experts suggested that German plans had gone awry at least to the extent that itwill still be necessary to throw air borne troops into the battle en the eighth day Three German airborne di visions about 21000 men had been landed last week in addi tion to parachutists The Times military expert suggested Tues day that the German high com mand Iad found it necessary to land at least one additional air borne division There are but seven German airbome divisions m all so far as was known and it had been believed that the Ger mans would hardly risk more than three in a single engagement The ability of the imperial and Greek troops to hold out seemed matched with the ability of the Germans to sup ply their isolated airborne troops with food and munitions More and more military ex perts inclined to the belief that a good deal might depend on the aid the Royal Air Force was able to give the allied men aground Unless the British air force could materially impede the flow of troops and supplies the Germans o cais crc cleiailetl Great West em road miles west of qumont on the ButlerFranklin county line at noon Tuesday No persons were injured aiid railroad officials in Mason City said damage was expected to be slight The train derailed was 82 a freight Traffic on the road was delayed several hours Tuesday afternoon but officials expected that the road would be cleared in a feuhours might land men indefinitely An announcement that SllOVC Kpllv Ins Hi K it o of SSVw here Lord Louis Mmmfhrffn mans had unlimited planes and vveit understood to be operating from eight Greek air bases NORTH IOWA GETS RAINS Badly needed rainfall struck North Iowa in sufficient quantities Monday night to dissipate dry weather fears as quantities rang ing from an inch to more than an inch and a half of rain fell Mason C i t ys precipitation amounted to 147 inches while Clear Lake reported 161 inches fell there The rain in Mason City was mostly confined to the eve ning and night although there were shall showers during the afternoon Accompanying the rain was con siderable lightning and thunder Wind was also strong at times Lightning struck one of the tow ers at the KGLO transmitter but engineers of the station said there apparently was no damage Charles City reported the heav iest downfall of any North Iowa point where a deluge of 325 inches fell Decorah had 89 with men The Greyhound of 1335 ins with a normal complement Gestapo aycnis then moved in to ferret out all proBritish or pro Statesbuilt Catalma plane picked up her trail again Sunday before midday Planes launched from thcArl uoyal then pounced on her time a of at tacks it was related It was not claimed that the torpedocarrying acLountecI fo he But if lhLv did it was perhaps be first dme in military history that a battleship has been sunk from the air At any rate the Planes were riven credit for slowing up the Bismarck and makms possible her final de struction Alexander said the first telling blows were delivered by ihe to pcdo carriers Monday night was no evidence that h 11C3 man the reconnaissance worl which trapped the fleeing free French elements in the armv and the civil administration the reports said and those who did not resign were transferred lo Vichy At this point Denlx WHS said to have made his futile ap peal to Vichy German domination in Syria has become so complete reports said that recent nationalist demonstrations at Aleppo and Beirut were brought under con trol only through the interven tion of von Roscr Meanwhile there was confidence i in British and neutral quarters here that Turkey will remain faithful to its alliance with Great Britain and is determined to re sist any German encroachment on Turkish soil Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy occasional thundershpwers north and west Tuesday night and Wednesday and in southeast Wednesday not much change in temperature MINNESOTA Occasional showers Tuesday night and Wednesday slightly warmer Wednesday afternoon north and west cen tral portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday inches and Forest City 88 inches of rain These two towns also I reported low temperatures of 62 f during the night 1 Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 8D 60 69 147 in The British rciiorl ol naval losses around Crete compared with German claims tlial 25 British warcraft had been sunk and that the British naval dom malion of the eastern Mediter ranean had licen broken by the attacks of German ami Italian airplanes and some Italian war snips such as torpedo boats The German high command had claimed that 11 of the 12 British cruisers in tiic eastern Mediter ranean wcic sunk and that eight destroyers one submarine and 1 five speedboats had been de1 stroyed j Authoritative miarters c o n firmed fhnt lie cruisers Glnuccs ter and Fiji and the destroyers Juno Greyhound Kelly mid Kashmir had been sunk while two battleships and several other cruisers were damaged but not seriously in the battle of Crete It was said however that they had inflicted very heavy losses on German transport and caques small Greek vessels pressed into service to carry troops It is not possible to state with accuracy how many thousands of enemy troops were drowned au thoritative quarters said nn the only Ameri c o Trying ui Jtno One aerial torpedo ilc Bj her stcer that she was ob nt very reduced latcd an sS ciixlc Then the Prince of Wales M ll C Kinp We V and flie oilier pursuine ships osed io for the kill High offi oals said it appeared the ami by jnmfirc not ty the torpedo carriers lon Good News LONDON of the de struction the German battleship Bismarck which sank Britains battle cruiser Hood traveled fast Tuesday At Bromley Kent the court in formed by a bailiff interrupted a case to make the announcement our convoys from the UnTtcd A storm of applause shook the nuca The 9075 oisetshir v null K which finished off cruiser by British DV ijj heavy shipsand destroyers The admiralt n iong co co mumcjuc describing the chase ami destruction of the Bismarck sa d battlcsi beer down to a speed of about eight knots after being hit by y two aenal torpedoes and two tor pedoes from British warships U wis ironical that planes from Ine Arlc Royal played a major part m bunging the Bismarck to ac count The Ark Royal was often reported by the Germans to have been bunk V The Bismarck and the Kugen first were discovered by British scouting planes last Wednesday at Bergen Norway and the next day they were found to have left The royal navy ent powerful units to intercept them as the official account put it because it appeared probable they were bent on breaking out into tho Atlantic ocem with the view to striking at ;